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LOUISIANA 


Comprising   Sketches   of   Parishes,  Towns, 

Events,  Institutions,  and    Persons, 

Arranged  in  Cyclopedic 

Form 


EDITED  BY 

ALCEE    FORTIER,    LIT.    D. 

PROFESSOR  OF  ROMANCE   LANGUAGES 
IN  TULANE  UNIVERSITY 


IN    THREE    VOLUMES 


VOLUME  III 


Century  Historical  Association 
1914 


BIOGRAPHICAL  EDITION 


INDEX 


Abramson,   Louis   .... 

Adams,  J.  L 

Adams,   St.   Clair 

Adams,  W.  H 

Ader,   Henry   F 

Aiken,  Hugli  K 

Ailven,   John   Gayle. . . 

Albert!,    Ernst   

Alexander,  Taliaferro 
Alexander,  Wm.  McF. 
Alexandre,  Ernest  .. . . 

Allain,  A.  A 

Alleman,  L.  J 

Allen,  A.  C 

Allgeyer,  C.  E 

Andrews,  C.  A 

Andrews,  James  

Atkins,  J.  B 

Atkinson,  Joseph  .... 
Aucoin,    Adolph   A.... 

Aucoin,  Edgard 

Aucoin,  Kleber  A.  .  .  . 
Augustln,  L.  S 


rase 

27 
481 

19 

20 
482 

24 

22 
716 

25 

26 
715 
588 

21 

28 
482 

29 

31 

32 
716 
588 
483 
713    i 

?.9. 


Babin,  W.  J 711 


Babin,  Charles. 
Bagwell,  W.  L. 

Baker,  W.  C 

Bakewell.  A.  G. 
Ballard,  J.  A..  . 
Barbe,  A.  M.. . . 
Barker,  W.  E.. 
Barkley,  John 


590 

484 

33 

34 

717 

35 

590 

805 

Barland,  CD 717 

Barnette,    Wm.    C 485 

Barousse,   Homer  59 

Barr,  John  C 747 

Barret,   T.   C 36 

Barrow,    S.    C 37 

Barry,  James  E 37 

Bath,  A.  E 38 

Bath,   Joseph    592 

Battle,   C.  A 39 

Beale,    L.    D 593 

Beer,  Ferdinand 39 

Behrman,   Martin   41 

Bel,  Ferdinand  A 594 

Belden,  J.  W 42 

Bell,  Thomas   F 42 

Bell,  Thornton  F 43 

Bentley,   Emerson 44 

Bentley.  L.  E 594 

Bernadas.   H.    E 45 

Bertels,  F 485 

Berthelot,   Paul  707 

Beyt,  J.  Lamar 45 

'Bienvenu,  Geo.  L 46 


rage 

Biggs,  O.  A 486 

Billeaud,   M 47 

Bisso,   Wm.   A 49 

Blackman,  J.  C 50 

Blackman,   W.   F 51 

Blake,   Eugene  W 50 

Boatner,  Charles  J 52 

Boatner,   M.  H 53 

Bobbitt,   R.   E 486 

Boh,   Arthur  P 53 

Bolian,  George  C 595 

Bolinger,   S.   H 60 

Bolton,   G.    W 54 

Boone,    J.    H 487 

Bounchaud,  J.  L 488 

Bourg,  L.  B 491 

Bourgeois,  George  M 710 

Bourgeois,  Louis  P 706 

Bourgeois,  Lionel  J 709 

Boutcher,  G.  W 56 

Boyce,  C.  W 802 

Boyce,  H.  A 57 

Boyd,  D.  P 57 

Boyd,  Thos.  D 58 

Boylan,  W.  G 59 

Braden,  W.  C 61 

Brandao,  E.  P Gl 

Breaux,  J.  N 65 

Breaux.  J.N 65 

Breaux,  S.  L 63 

Brierre,  M.  E 66 

Brooks,  Wm.  P 597 

Broussard,  E.  S 66 

Broussard,   J.   0 68 

Broussard,  L.  L 493 

Broussard,   Z.   B 69 

Brown,   B.   C 595 

Brown,    C.    J 492 

Brown,   S.   H 596 

Browne,  Andrew  A 492 

Browne,  E.  W 71 

Bruenn,  Barnard 72 

Brumfield,  D.  C 598 

Bruner,  H.  E 295 

Brunot,  H.  F 75 

Bruns,  H.  D 74 

Buck,  Henry 598 

Buckner,  H.  S 76 

Buckner,   Louis,   Jr 494 

Bullock,  Otis  W 77 

Buquoi,  J.  P 718 

Burch,  Emile 704 

Burk,  W.  R 599 

Burke,  P.  E 79 

Burthe,  C.  A 495 

Burthe,  J.  Leo 749 

V 


VI 


INDEX 


Page 

Bush,  Louis.  . .  : 496 

Butler,  Thos 77 

Butler,  Thos.  W 79 

Butterworth,  W.  W 497 

Byrd,  C.  E 80 

Byrnes,  W.  H 750 

Byrnes,  W.  H.,  Jr 751 

Cabell,  J.  B 81 

Cage,  H.  C 81 

CalUouet,  L.  P 82 

Calhoun,  Nathan  M 718 

Callaway,  I.  M 84 

Cambon,  F.  J 501 

Cambon,   Henry 499 

Cambon,  M.  C 501 

Cambon,  Sylvester,  Sr 498 

Cambon,  Sylvester  J.,  Jr 500 

Cammack,  C.  H 85 

Campbell,  "William 86 

Capdeville,  Paul 87 

Cappel,    Jos.    J .89 

Carmouche,  W.  J 719 

Carpenter,  A.  C 90 

Carre,  D.  Beach 503 

Carre,  W.  W 502 

Carroll,    Chas 

Carter,  H.  J 90 

Carter,   T.   A 91 

Caruthers,  J.  A 91 

Carver,  E.  S 92 

Carville,   J.   A 504 

Caspari,  L 600 

Castell,  W.  J 505 

Cazenavette,  L.  L 92 

Chaille,  S.  E 745 

Chalaron,   F.   J 93 

Chamberlin,  W.  B 95 

Chandler,   G.  C 95 

Chaplin,  Chichester  98 

Chappuis,   P.   J 96 

Charbonuet,  J.  A 97 

Charlet,  A.  M 601 

Charnley,  J.  T 98 

Chauff,  L.  D 602 

Chase,  T.  B 99 

Chavez,  F.  0 100 

Chenet,  H.  S 101 

Claiborne,  C.  F 102 

Clark,  L.  0 505 

Clayton,  C.  P 103 

Clerc,  R.  F 103 

Cline,  Dan  D 104 

Coco,  A.  V 602 

Cognevich,  Louis  A. . . .'. 105 

Cohn,  Albert  J 106 

Cohn,  Isidore  105 

Coignet,  J.  A.  0 107 

Colomb,  B.  A 506 

Colomb,   J.   J 107 

Collier,  B.  T 604 

Colvin,  E.  C 604 

Cooley,  Le  Verrier,  Jr 720 

Cooper,   A.   W 108 

Cormier,  C.  E 109 

Cornelson,  G.  H 109 


Page 

Couret,  Maurice   751 

Crantord,  T.  J 605 

Crebbin,  John  T 110 

Culpepper,  R.  C Ill 

Cunningham,  M.  J 112 

Cunningham,  W.  T 113 

Currie,  J.  E 605 

Cushman,   M.   R 607 

Cushman,  W.  S 113 

Cusachs,  Gaspar  606 

Daniels,   F.   A 114 

Dansereau,  Hercules   115 

Dansereau,  H.  C 608 

Dansereau,  Philip   116 

da  Ponte,  Harry 507 

d'Aquin,  J.  J 752 

Darsam,  Jos.  W 117 

Daspit,  Henry   117 

Davey,  J.  C 118 

David,  F.  E 119 

Davidson,  J.  H 508 

Davis,   C.   F 119 

Dawkins,   B.   T 120 

Dawkins,  H.  E 509 

DeBellevue,  C.  B 120 

DeBuys,  Rathbone  E 754 

Dehon,  Louis  A 608 

de  la  Vergne,  Hugues 124 

de  la  Vergne,  H.J 124 

de  la  Vergne,  Jules 124 

de  Livaudais,  Dugue  E 754 

Denegre,  W.  D 122 

Denis,  Henry   510 

Diboll,  C.  C 511 

Dicks,  A.  H 126 

Dickson,  S.  Brooks 127 

Dodson,   W.    R 127 

Donaldson,    H.   A 515 

Doss,  W.  L 516 

Doussan,  J.  E 518 

Dowden,  S.  G 128 

Dowling,  Oscar  755 

Duchein,    C.    F 130 

Dufour,  H.  Generes 800 

Dugas,  Oscar   519 

Duke,  J.  R 702 

Dunn,  J.  F 130 

Duson,  C.  C.  .. 131 

Duson,   W.   W 134 

Dyer,   Isadore    129 

Dymond,    John    139 

Dymond,  John,  Jr 720 

East,   S.   T 609 

Eastham,  J.  H 143 

Edrington,    P.    E 144 

Edwards,  C.  J 146 

Edwards,   T.   A 147 

Edwards,  W.  W 145 

Elliott,  Clay  721 

Elliott,  R.  W 149 

Ellis,  C.  H 150 

Emery,  R.  R 519 

Englade,  Mack   701 

Estopinal,  Adam 152 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


Vll 


Page 

Estopinal,  Albert   151 

Estopinal,   Albert,   Jr 152 

Estopinal,  Alfred   153 

Estopinal.  Fernando   154 

Estopinal,  R.  L 154 

Eubank,   D.   P 158 

Eustis,  Allan  C 156 

Pavrot,   H.  L 158 

Feingold,  Marcus   160 

Ferrell,   L.  C 160 

Fisher,   Hugh   C 162 

Fisher,  John  B 520 

Fisher,  W.  L 162 

Fleming,  R.  H 521 

Fleming.  W.  L 163 

Ford,   J.    P 610 

Ford,  W.  M 163 

Formento.  W.  J 164 

Fort,  A.  K 165 

Fortier,  Amedee   168 

Fortier,  E.  J 166 

Fortier,  E.  L 168 

Fortier,  J.  J.  A 167 

Fortier.  J.   P 169 

Fortson,   E.  H 610 

Foster,   James  M 170 

Foster,  Eleanor  Long  171 

Foster,  James  M.,  Jr 173 

Foster,  M.  J 611 

Frederich.  E.J 521 

Friedrichs,    E.    D 173 

Fuller,  Ned  McG 612 

Fullilove,   S.   C 174 

Pyler,  Geo.  H 174 

Gallion,  Z.  T 175 

Gamard.   E.  A 176 

Garcia,  Jos.  M 176 

Gardere.   P.   J 721 

Gardiner,   C.  A 612 

Garland,  G.  P 613 

Garland.  R.  L 614 

Garrot.    R.    B 614 

Gearheard,  A.  G 615 

Geier,  Geo 522 

Gennerelly.    Jos.    E 177 

Gessner,  Herman  B 177 

Gilbert,  Philip  H 523 

Givens,  Allen   617 

Glover,  George  J 178 

Goff,  William  D 617 

Goldman,   G.   C 618 

Golsan,  J.  L 180 

Gonzales,   Allen  T 682 

Gonzales,  Ambrose  C 619 

Gordy,  M.  T 181 

Gore,  B.  L 182 

Goreau,  Thos.  W 182 

Gorman.   J.   A 183 

Grace,  Fred  J 184 

Grace,  John  D 803 

Grace.  W.  L 524 

Granier,  Alovon    699 

Grant,  R.  R 619 


Pane 

Graugnard,  Leon  722 

Graves.  J.  Q 524 

Gray.  R.  A 185 

Greaves.  H.  P 723 

Green,   T.   A 525 

Grouchy,  Alex.,  Jr 186 

Guerard,  Robt.  G 186 

Gueyden,   Henri    526 

Guilbeau,  F.  C 620 

Guilbault,   Albert   187 

Guillory.  E.  0 620 

Guion.   Lewis    756 

Guion,  Walter   724 

Guiterrez,  Alcide    187 

Gumbel,  H.  E 529 

Gurley,  W.  M 758 

Haas,  W.  D 621 

Hacker,    L.    0 188 

Hamilton,  F.   M 189 

Hand,  T.  J 724 

Hanna,   Joe    622 

Hanna,  J.  S 190 

Hanna.  Richard  J 764 

Hanna.   Robert    765 

Hanson,  J.  D 623 

Harang,  Dominic   766 

Hargis,  L.  M 192 

Harrell,   R.   P 193 

Harrington,  E.  R 194 

Harris,  W.  H 194 

Hart,   William   0 762 

Hartson,  M.  J 195 

Hartwell,  C.  A 529 

Hawthorn,    J.   W 196 

Hay,  Alexander 624 

Haydel,  G.  L 683 

Haydel.   J.   Severin 683 

Hayne.    Franklin   B 759 

Heath.    A.    G 196 

Hebert,    A.    E 197 

Hebert,  C.  S 197 

Henderson,   J.   A 198 

Henriques,    A.   D 199 

Henriques.  J.  C 200 

Henry,    B.    W 200 

Henry,  E.  L 624 

Henry,  J.  M 530 

Henry,  Joseph  725 


Henry,  W.  M. 


801 

Herndon.   E.   B 201 

Hero.  W.   S 531 

Herold,    A.    A 201 

Hester,    H.    G 202 

Hester,  J.  G '..  205 

Himel,    Clifford    H 625 

Hiriart,    C.    A 626 

Hodges,  A.  J 625 

Hoffpauer,  M.  L 207 

Holcombe,  C.  A 208 

Holderith,  Charles  P 766 

Holloman.  S.  C 625 

Holmes,  W.  S 208 

Huckaby.  G.  C 209 

Hughes.  John 627 

Hunt,  Randell  212 


Vlll 


INDEX 


Page 

Hunter,   E.   G 213 

Hunter,    J.    D 214 

Hunter,  J.  R 215 

Hunter,  R.  P 215 

Huston,   G.    0 532 

Hymel.   R.   S 216 

lies,   E.   J 628 

Irion,  V.  K 217 

Isaacs,   Marks   219 

Jackson,  J.  H 628 

Jacob,  Alice  A 703 

Janvier,  Charles   221 

Janvier,  Jolin   '. .  222 

Jastremski,   H 223 

Jastremski,   L 222 

Jewell,  Hewitt  C 629 

Johnson,   Warren   223 

Johnston,  J.   E 224 

Jones,  P.  P 629 

Jones,  G.  H 630 

Jones,  H.   P 771 

Jones,  Joseph 767 

Jones,  Junius  W 211 

Jones,    J.    W 210 

Jones,  P.  H 211 

Joseph,  H.  S 533 

Joyner,  H.  A 225 

Jung,  J.  C 226 

Jung,  L.  A 227 

Kahle,  P.  J 228 

Kaufman,    C.    A 229 

Kausler,   George   S 772 

Keaton,   R.    E 725 

Keeney,  A.  D 772 

Keitz,  Emile  S 774 

Kellv,  Thomas  H 773 

Kemp,  R.  C 230 

Kemper,   J.   P 231 

Kemper,  W.  Y 232 

Kerr,  F.  M 233 

Kimbell,   J.   L 234 

Kleinpeter,   E.   A 775 

Knight,  J.  A 630 

Knighton,  J.  E 235 

Koelle,  J.  M.. 235 

Kohlman,   W 236 

Kostmaver,  H.  W 236 

Kramer,   W.   H 237 

Labbe.    D.    C 238 

Labbe,   T.   J 238 

Lacaze,  A.  J 699 

Lafaye,    E.    E 240 

Lambert,  Richard 534 

Lambremont,  P.   M 534 

Land,   Alfred    D 241 

Land,  John  R 242 

Land,  T.  T 535 

Landry,   A.   A 536 

Landry,    Arthur   L 726 

Landry,  Arthur  243 

Landry,   Louis   E 632 

Landry,    L.   D 631 

Lapeyre,  George  F 243 


Page 

Lapeyre,   James   M 244 

Lapeyre,  Jean  M 244 

Larose,   J.   B 246 

Larue,  Felix  A 537 

Lastrapes,  W  R 726 

Lawrason,  Sam'l  McC 247 

Lea,    Allen    C 248 

LeBeau,  Vic   249 

LeBlanc,    Henry   A 775 

LeBlanc,    Samuel   A 777 

LeBlanc,  J.  Clarence 684 

LeBourgeois,  Louis 632 

Leche,   Paul   633 

Ledbetter,    Benj.    A 249 

Legendre.   J.   A 250 

Lemle,  Gustave 779 

Leonhardt,    A.    F 251 

Leucht.  Isaac  L 252 

Leverich.  W.  K 253 

Levert,  M.  W 801 

Levy,    Simon    C 538 

Levet,    S.   J 688 

Lewis,    A.    C 727 

Lewis,  A.  R 728 

Lewis,  John  Hampden 257 

Lewis    John    C 253 

Lew'is,   Joshua  256 

Lewis,  Sidney  F 258 

L'hote,    Jules    C 259 

Littell,    B.   A 634 

Littell,   Theodore  H 635 

Livaudais.  OS 260 

Locke,  Leon 779 

Lockett,    A.    M 261 

Loisel.    Victor    262 

Long,  George 539 

Looney,  F.  J 263 

Louque,    Chas. 263 

Louque.  George  A 264 

Love,  James  F 636 

Lovejoy.  W.   C 265 

Lowrv.  R.   P 637 

Lynch,    R.    C 266 

Lyons,    E.    J 267 

Mabry,   Willam   A 543 

Madere,    Elias   686 

Maginnis,   Arthur  A 544 

Maginnis,  Arthur  A.,  Jr 545 

Maginnis,  C.  B. 547 

Magoun,  P.  E 638 

Maher,    T.    F 279 

Mainegra.   R.   J.,   Jr 280 

Manson,  James  J 281 

Manion,    J.    E..._ 548 

Manion,  Martin  H 782 

Marrero,  F.  G 781 

Marrero,  L.  A 782 

Marrero,  L.  H 282 

Martin,   A.  W 639 

Martin,    E.    D 283 

Martin,   G.   A 284 

Martin,   J.   G 285 

Martin,   Robert   C 548 

Martin,  R.  C,  Jr 550 

Martin,   W.  0 286 

Martin,  W.   P 288 


BIOGKiiPHICAL 


I'llRC 

639 

289 


Martinez.    R.    D 

Mason,   Sam   W 

Matas,   Rudolph   ^°^ 

Mathews,  C.  S 

Maurin,    H.    C 

May,   Alexander   H 

May,   Irby   B 

Mayo.  Augustus  M 

McAlpln,  M.  R 

McBride,  W.  J »*- 

McCaleb,  E.  H 

McCaleb.  E.   H.,  Jr. 
McClelland,  Wm.   A 

McClosky,  G.  T 

McCloud,  Chas  C -'^ 

McGinnis,   Irvin    ^'^ 

McGuire,   M.   H ^';» 

McHardy,  G.  G :'■' 

McHugh,   Thos.   E ^'^ 

McKoin,   B.   McE 543 

McNeese,    John    - '» 

McNeese,   O.   W -'^ 

McShane.   Augustus    - '^ 

McVea,  Charles   -;^° 

Medlenka,   J.   G. . . . 

Menge,   John   H 

Meraux,   L.  A 

Merrick,  Caroline  E 

Merrick,  Edwin  T ^»' 

Merrick,  Edwin  T.,  Jr ^99 

Mevers,    F.    C 552 

Metz,  Abraham  L d4u 

Mielly,   E.   F f/ 

Middleton,    J.    M b4i 

Miller,    Branch    K '» ' 

Miller,    C.    S.      300 

Miller,  Henry  C '»» 

Miller,  .J.  D 642 

Miller,   T.   M j°-^ 

Miller  W.   H -^"1 

Miller,  W.  M °"^ 

Millsaps.  Uriah ■ oo^ 

Milner,  P.'  M.   . 
Mlms,    S.    S. . . . 

Mioton,  S.  F 

Mire.  Geo.  J. .  • 
Modisette.   J.   O 

Moise,  J.  C 

Moise,    L.    C.  . . 
Moise,   H.   A 


Murdock,  L.  A. 
Murphy,  J.  C. 
Murphy,  W.  J.  • 


IX 

rate 
648 
317 
318 


291 
551 
728 
639 
292 
539 


268 
269 
269 
271 


294 
685 
296 
298 


Naquin,  Ozeme  ^J' 

Neelis,  John  G ^^* 

Neild,  E.  F 

Nelson.  A.  J 

Newman,   Isidore    

Nicholson,    J.    W 

Nix,  J.  D.,  Jr 

Nix,  J.  T.,  Sr 

Nix,  J.  T.,  Jr 

Norman,  John  R 

Nugier,   John   

Nunez,  N.  H 


320 
321 
322 
324 
328 
325 
328 
555 
330 
705 


O'Donnell,  A.   C 

O'Donnell,  Lawrence 

O'Hara,    J.    A 

O'Keefe,  J.  D 

O'Leary,  J.   F 

O'Niell,  C.  A 

O'Reilly,   John   D ■ ",;•' 

Odenheimer,   Sigmund    ^^* 


688 
330 
557 
332 
333 
730 


729 
302 
302 
303 
303 
305 
729 
305 


Odom,  F.  M 

Odom,  T.  B 

Oechsner,  Herman 
Oechsner,   John   .. 

Ogden,    P.    T 

Orfila,   F.   J 

Orr,  A.  B 

Ory,   John   D 

Ory,   John   L 

Ory,  Lezln 


556 
335 
335 
336 
339 
339 
690 
691 
692 
689 


Monroe,   Frank   A 1^ 

Monroe,   J.    B 

Montagne,   R.   J 

Montgomery.  G 

Montegut.  Sidney    ^s  ( 

Mooney,  Henry  ^^° 

Mooney.  Henry  Clay f'-> 

Morgan,  H.  G ^10 

.'.'.'.'.'.  643 

...  646 

553 

..  646 
311 


19 

307 
308 


Morris,  P.   S 

Morris.   John   A 

Morrison,   B.    M 

.  Morrison,  J.  H 

Moseley,   J.    M 

Mouton,  F.  H ^ 

Mouton.  Ferdinand   "ij- 

Muller,  A.  N ■^^^ 


Ory,  Oscar -„; 

Ory,  Placide  "■'■" 

Oschwald,    Chas 

Ott,  Charles  E 

Overton,  J.  H 

Overton.  Thomas  r'' 

Oxford,  J.  W •il' 

Oxnard,  B.  A *^* 

Painchaud,  Victor 559 

Palfrey,  Chas ^^^ 

Pardue,  C.  A '^^ 

Parham,   F.  W „„ 

Parker,  Caleb  Harrison '  »-^ 

Parker,    John    M '°' 

Parker,   James  Porter •5^;> 

Parker,  Judge  J.  Porter ^»^ 

Parkerson,   J.  R  • ^^^ 

Parkerson,  W.   S ■' 

Patton,  G.  F g-^ 

Pavy.    F.    O 

Payne.   G.   C 

Peavy,    A.    J 

Penick,   R.   M 

Penick,  W.  S 

Penick,  W.  S.,  II 

Penrose,   Geo.   B.   B 

Perkins,    Robert    J 

Perkins,  Ruffin  T ;^^'' 

Perrilliat.   Arsene    ^^^ 

Peterman,   W.   T 


696 
730 
340 
340 


651 
348 
651 
652 
654 
349 
352 
353 


INDEX 


rajie 

Peters,   A.   J 355 

Peters,   J.    E 561 

Peytavin.   J.   L 356 

Phelps,   M.   H 358 

Phillips,   W.   D 562 

Piegay,  A 358 

Picard,   A.    E 696 

Pierce,  A.   N 359 

Points,  J.  .J.  F 359 

Ponder.    S.    D 563 

Porter,   C.   V 655 

Pothier,   O.   L 564 

Powers.  Edward  0 365 

Pratt,  George  K.,   Sr 789 

Prescott,    Arthur    T 363 

Prescott,  H.  H 364 

Prescott.    Lewis    D 731 

Price,    Andrew    565 

Pugh,    P.    S 367 

Pujo,   A.   P 366 

Pulfdrd,    F.    J 656 


Querbes,    Andrew 
Quintero,   L.   C. . .  . 

Ratcliff,    E.    R 

Ramsay,  L.  W.  . . . 
Ratzburg.    Fred    D. 

Rayne,    H.    M 

Redfern,    S.    E 

Reed.   Y.   O 

Reeves,    J.    T 

Reeves,    Joseph   T. 

Reeves,   M.   C 

Reid,    H.    A 

Reily,    J.    Y. 


368 

805 

, 369 

732 

369 

693 

370 

733 

734 

567 

734 

568 

569 

Reily,    William    B 371 

Renshaw,   Henry    372 

Renwick.   W.   P 735 

Reuss.    G.    B 570 

Reymond,   S.   1 373 

Reynaud,  Pirmin   694 

Reynaud,   L.   F 374 

Reynaud,  W.  H 375 

Rice,   C.   S 376 

Richard,   Gerasime    656 

Richardson,   H.   D 376 

Ricks,   A.   G 377 

Robbert,   E.   M 378 

Roberts,   J.   C 571 

Robichaux,   Alcide    378 

Robichaux.    E.   G 379 

Robin.    E.    A 380 

Robinson,  ,1.  L 657 

Rocquet.    Albert    571 

Rodrigue.    Edward    .1 381 

Roger,   C.    S 6.58 

Romain,   Arinand    382 

Ross,   William   P 383 

Rouen,  Bussiere .384 

Roulleanx.   N.  J 735 

Roy.  Sebastien 385 

Rutledgp.  W.  S 572 

Rupp,  J.  A 659 

Rusca,  ,Iohn   L 660 


St.  Amant.  Guy  S. 


660 


Page 

St.  Julien.  J.  G 386 

St.  Martin,  Charles 697 

St.  Martin,  P.  E 661 

Salamon,  L.  P 389 

Salatich,    P.    B 387 

Salatich.   R.   J 388 

Samuel.  E.  C 390 

Sarpy,  Leon  391 

Sartor,  Thos.  R 573 

Scales,  John  L 663 

Scarborough,  David  C 789 

Schmidt,  Charles  E 125 

Schmidt,  Gustavus  125 

Scott,  Joseph  T 790 

Sessums,  Davis  392 

Sewell,  B.  N 392 

Seymour,  W.  H 392 

Shannon,  Thos 394 

Shelby,  Edwin  396 

Sherwood,  R.   E 397 

Shute,   F.   C 663 

Showalter,  D.  B 397 

Sims,    R.    N 736 

Sinai,  Joseph    398 

Singletary,  T.  P 399 

Sisters  of  Mt.  Carmel 310 

Smith,   B.  W 400 

Smith,  G.  J 664 

Smith,  Hubert  S 401 

Smith,  J.  M 402 

Smith,  LeD.   E 403 

Smith,  T.  R 739 

Sommerville,  W.  B 403 

Soniat-DuFossat,  C.  T 404 

Songy,  Edward  B 740 

Soria,  H.  N 406 

Souchon,   Edmond    406 

Souchon,   Marion    409 

Soule,  Prank   410 

Sowar,  E.  J 741 

Sparks,  R.  C 574 

Spearing,    J.    Z 410 

Spencer,   L.   C 411 

Stafford,  Ethelred  M 413 

Stafford,  G.  M.  G 414 

Starkey,   C.   T 415 

Steele,  O.  B 415 

Steere,    A.    C 793 

Stephens,  Edwin   L 417 

Stern,  Maurice    575 

Stirling,   L.   G 418 

Storck,  J.  A 418 

Story,  Hampden   419 


Street,  J.  L. 

Street,  T.  P 

Strickland,   H.   K. 

Sullivan.  J.  P 

Suthon,  H.  S 


665 
665 
666 
420 
421 

Sutton,  John  L 575 

Swayze,  C.  C 421 

Swords,  C.  W 422 

Swords,  M.  L 422 

Swords,  M.  W 424 

Taylor,   G.   S 424 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


XI 


I'afre 
426 


429 
667 
667 
429 

794 
430 
577 
669 


430 
433 


Taylor,  Shelby „„ 

Texada,  D.  K 

Thatcher,  F.  G 

Theriot,  Mark   

Thibodaux,   Paul    J 

Thomas,  A.  G 

Thomas,  "Warren    

Thomason,  L.  M 

Thompson,   C.  J 

Thompson,   Dhu    °"^ 

ThornhiU,  C.  P °" 

Tichenor.  G.  H 

Tobin,   J.   F 

Tobin,  J.  W t^^ 

Todd,  John  A ^'^ 

Toledano,  A 

Tompkins,  R.  C 

Tooke,  J.  W 

Tooke,   L.   M 

Trahan,  A.  R 

Trahan,  E.  0 

Trahan,  J.  D 

Trezevant,  M.  B *'^' 

Trone,  A.  J • */,° 

Turner,  Benjamin    «*" 

Tupper,  Allen   « '^ 

Tupper,   Tristram    yj^ 

Tuten,  J.  D 4*^ 

442 


435 
669 
579 
670 
436 
670 
435 


Ugland,  A.  E 

Unsworth,  C.  V 4^3 

Vaccaro  Bros '^42 

Van  Brook,  Jos **^ 

Vandegaer,  W.   H 676 

Van  de  Ven,  Cornelius 444 

Ventress,   J.   A 444 


Villere,    Gustave 


676 


Walsh,   J.   M 452 

Walther,  H.  W.  E 453 

Warner,   J.   A 6^° 

Warren,    W.    J 580 

Watson,    J.    F 679 

Watson,   S.   Y 454 

Webb,  H.  C 457 

Webb,    J 454 

Webb,    R.    C 456 

Webre,  T.  L 581 

Webre,    Joseph    L 743 

Wegemann,    Jno.    X 457 

Weil,    Bertrand    458 

Weilbacher,    J.    0 459 

Weiss,    L.    C 459 

Werlein,    Philip    460 

Werlein,  Philip  P 461 

Wermuth,   C.   E 461 

White,   H.   A 46^ 

White,  J.  A 46u 

Whittington,   W.   W 464 

Wight,    Pearl    

Wilbert,  B.   G 

Williams,   U   J 

Williams,    S.    L 

Williamson,   George    o»i 

Willis,   James   C 468 

Wilson,    J.    L-  ■  ■ 

Wilson,  R.  J 

Wimberly,    J.    R 
Wingrave,   T.   J 


785 
466 
680 
468 


Vincent,    H.    DeL 445 

Vining,   John   U '^" 

Voorhies,   R.   D "^ 

Vuillemot,  Emile   ** ' 

Waguespack,    H.   J 677 

Waguespack,   L.   O »'» 

Waguespack,  W.  J **^ 

Wahl,    J.    P tfi 

Waldo,  B.   T Ill 

Waldo,  Eveline  A »°» 

Waldo,    James    C 3°* 

Waldo,   James   E »»* 

Walet,    L.   A '^* 

Walls,  W.  E ^-"^ 


586 

802 

465 

... 465 

Wisner,   Edward    469 

Witherspoon,    A.   J 4ai 

Witherspoon,    J.    T 4  a 

Witherspoon.   T.   S 4^ 

Wogan,  J.  A 

Wolfe,    C.    G 

Wolfe,  F.  P 

Wolff,  Solomon   

Woods.  R.  P '*. 

V/oodville,  J.  A yji 

...  47o 

....  476 

...  582 

....  582 

....  581 


473 
474 
474 
587 


Woolfolk.   A.   W. 

Wright,  J.  L 

Wright.   Jennie  K. 
Wright.    Mary    A.. 

Wright,   Sophie  B 

Wurzlow,   Calvin    *^^ 

Wurzlow.   E.   C. 


478 


Young,   J.   S. 
Young,   Z.   T. 


Zeidler,    E.   J. 


479 
583 

480 


Frank  A.  Monroe 
Chief  Justice  Louisiana  Supreme  Court 


LOUISIANA 


Monroe,  Frank  Adair,  chief  justice  of  the  supreme  court  of  Lou- 
isiana, was  born  at  Annapolis,  Md.,  Aug.  30,  1844,  but  was  reared 
at  Frankfort,  Ky.,  the  home  of  his  parents,  Victor  and  Jlary  Town- 
send  (Polk)  Monroe.  His  father  was  a  native  of  Kentucky,  and 
born  in  Glasgow,  Barren  county ;  he  was  a  lawyer  by  profession, 
and  was  appointed,  by  Pres.  Pierce,  the  first  federal  judge  for  the 
territory  of  Washington ;  he  crossed  the  great  plains  in  the  early 
'50s  on  his  way  to  the  territory,  going  in  company  with  the  first 
territorial  governor  of  Washington,  Gov.  Stephens,  and  at  Olym- 
pia,  Wash.,  his  death  occurred,  his  family  having  never  joined  him. 
Judge  Victor  Monroe  was  a  son  of  Thomas  Bell  Monroe,  a  native 
of  Albemarle  county,  Va.,  and  a  direct  descendant  of  Andrew  Mon- 
roe, a  Scotchman  of  a  Highland  clan,  who  came  to  America  in 
1650,  and  settled  in  Virginia,  and  became  the  progenitor  of  the 
noted  Monroe  family  of  the  Old  Dominion  state,  of  which  Pres. 
Monroe  was  a  member.  Thomas  Bell  Monroe  became  a  lawyer,  of 
prominence  in  Kentucky,  and  was  appointed,  by  Pres.  Jackson, 
judge  of  the  United  States  District  coui-t,  and  held  the  position 
until  the  election  of  Pres.  Lincoln.  Toward  the  close  of  the  Civil 
war,  he  came  South  and  located  at  Pass  Christian,"  Miss.,  where 
.  he  died.  His  wife  was  a  daughter  of  John  Adair,  a  native  of  South 
Carolina  and  a  patriot  of  the  American  Revolution,  after  the  close 
of  which  he  removed  to  Kentucky,  where  he  won  honors  in  pub- 
lic service,  becoming  one  of  the  early  governors  of  the  State,  and 
later  a  United  States  senator.  The  mother  of  Judge  Frank  Adair 
Monroe  was  a  native  of  Maryland  and  her  father  was  an  officer 
in  the  United  States  navy.  Judge  Monroe  has  one  brother,  Wil- 
liam Winder  Monroe,  and  a  sister,  Mary  Eliza,  the  wife  of  Judge 
Joshua  G.  Baker,  of  New  Orleans. 

Judge  ilonroe  received  his  early  scholastic  training  in  private 
schools  at  Frankfort,  Ky.,  and  then  entered,  in  1860,  tlie  Ken- 
tucky IMilitary  institute,  where  he  had  just  begun  his  sophomore 
year,  when  he  entered  the  Confederate  States  army,  in  which  he 
served  4  years,  first  in  Co.  E.  4th  Kentucky  infantry,  then  in 
Co.  C,  1st  Louisiana  cavalry.  He  was  wounded  and  captured  near 
Somerset,  Ky.,  March,  1863,  and  was  exchanged  in  Oct.,  1863.  For 
many  years  Judge  Slonroe  has  been  prominently  identified  with 
the  United  Confederate  Veteran  organization.  He  has  served  as 
president  of  the  Association  of  Army  of  Tennessee,  Camp  No.  2, 
U.  C.  v.,  and  for  years  as  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Governors, 
Confederate  Memorial  hall,  New  Orleans.  The  war  closed ;  Judge 
Monroe  went  to  Pass  Christian,  Miss.,  to  where  his  paternal  grand- 
father and  other  members  of  his  family  had  removed  from  Ken- 
tucky. Not  long  after,  he  took  up  the  study  of  law,  and  in  1867 
III— 2 


20  LOUISIANA 

Checkers  and  "Whist  clubs.  In  1902  he  married  Miss  Elizabeth,  the 
daughter  of  Gen.  Euclid  Borland,  of  New  Orleans,  and  is  the  father 
of  four  children :    Charlotte,  Beatrice,  Elizabeth  and  St.  Clair. 

Adams,  Wallace  Holly,  attorney-at-law,  and  member  of  the  well 
known  law  firm  of  Modisette  &  Adams,  Jennings,  Jefferson  Davis 
parish.  La.,  was  born  at  Minden,  "Webster  parish.  La.,  July  2,  1880; 
son  of  William  Henry  and  Aurelia  (Taylor)  Adams,  the  former  a 
native  of  Edgefield  county,  S.  C,  and  the  latter  of  the  state  of 
Georgia,  from  which  commonwealtli  she  removed  with  her  parents 
to  Louisiana.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war,  "William  Henry 
Adams,  the  father,  then  seventeen  years  old,  enlisted  as  a  member 
of  the  Albany  Hussars  cavalry,  C.  S.  A.  His  command  was  promptly 
ordered  to  the  front,  and  in  the  course  of  his  experiences  he  took 
part  in  the  ilaryland  and  Pennsylvania  raid  and  the  battle  of  Get- 
tysburg, and  was  twice  wounded.  He  served  to  the  close  of  the 
war.  In  1871  he  located  in  "Webster  parish.  La.,  and  there  for  a 
time  engaged  in  farming,  but  later  became  a  contractor  and  builder 
at  Minden.  The  Adams  family  came  originally  from  Ireland  to 
the  United  States,  locating  in  Sovith  Carolina,  from  which  state 
the  Louisiana  branch  of  the  family  removed  to  Georgia.  William 
Henry  Adams'  mother,  previoiis  to  her  marriage  was  a  Miss  Wal- 
lace, and  her  family  came  from  Scotland  to  South  Carolina,  from 
which  latter  locality  the  paternal  grandmother's  branch  of  the  fam- 
ily removed  to  Georgia.  The  maternal  grandmother,  Mrs.  Sarah 
Taylor,  was  a  great-granddaughter  of  a  Mr.  Duffel,  who  served  as 
a  member  of  Gen.  George  Washington's  personal  bodyguard,  and 
in  tliat  capacity  was  present  at  the  surrender  of  Gen.  Cornwallis 
to  Gen.  Washington,  at  Yorktown.  Mr.  Duffel  personally  told  Mrs. 
Sarah  Taylor  of  this,  as  well  as  imparting  much  other  information 
regarding  his  service  iinder  Washington,  and  i\Irs.  Taylor,  in  turn, 
furnished  Wallace  Holly  Adams  with  this  information.  The  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  was  one  of  three  children  liorn  to  his  parents, 
but  the  other  two,  a  sister  and  a  brother  died  in  infancy.  His  half 
brother.  Dr.  il.  Herbert  Adams,  a  successful  dentist,  also  lives  in 
Jennings.  He  attended  the  public  schools  of  the  locality  in  which 
he  was  born,  and  later  Jeff  Davis  college,  at  Minden,  La.  In  1899 
he  entered  the  Loiiisiana  Industrial  institute,  at  Ruston,  from 
which  he  graduated  in  1902  with  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  indus- 
try. During  the  succeeding  5  years  he  engaged  in  the  fire  insur- 
ance business  at  Jennings,  employing  his  spare  time  in  the  study 
of  law  iinder  the  direction  of  J.  II.  Heinen  and  Cliarles  R.  Cline. 
In  Sept.,  1907,  he  entered  the  law  department  of  Louisiana  State 
university,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  LL.B.  in 
the  class  of  1909.  Immediately  following  the  completion  of  his 
professional  education  he  began  the  practice  of  law  at  Jennings, 
where  he  has  since  remained  and  devoted  his  undivided  attention 
to  legal  practice.  In  June,  1913,  he  became  associated  with  J.  0. 
IModisette,  under  the  firm  name  of  ^Modisette  &  Adams,  and  this 
firm  lias  remained  unchanged  to  this  time  and  is  enjoying  a  most 
gratifying  and  rapidly-increasing  practice,  both  members  of  the 
firm  liaving  the  fullest  confidence  of  the  people  of  the  community 
and  each  being  personally  held  in  high  esteem  throughout  a  wide 


BIOGRAPHICAL  21 

circle  of  friends  and  aequantances.  Mr.  Adams  has  been  affiliated 
?^th  the  Democratic  party  since  beginning  to  exercise  the  elec- 
W? franchise  He  Ts  a  member  of  the  Missionary  Baptist  church, 
and  also  the  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  Order  of  the  Eastern 
S^ar  and  the  Kappa  Sigma  fraternity.     At  this  time  Mr.  Adams  is 

"Tueman    Lenesse  J.,  of  the  city  of  Lafayette,  in  the  parish  of 
LafaveTte  'superintendent  of  the  parish  public  schools,  was  bom 
March  6   1873,  in  the  parish  of  Assumption,  La.;  the  son  of  Nar- 
Sse  and   Oreila    (SimJneaux)    Axeman,  bo^  natives  of  Assumv 
tion  parish     The  Allemans  are  of  Spanish  origin     Ihey  1  ave  Deen 
Sden      of  Louisiana  since  the  Spanish  domination  m  that  state. 
The  Simoneaux  family  is  of  French    descent,  havmg    emigrated 
from       e  mXr   country  to   Nova   Scotia    whence,   fleeing   from 
Brit  sh  tyranny   they  iourneved  down  to  Assumption  parish,  with 
Se  Targe   body  of  Lies  called   "Acadians"   that  settled  in  the 
soutiern  parishes  of  the  Pelican  state,  in  1765      Narcisse  Al  eman 
w^s  a  merchant     At  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  he  en hsted  m 
r  Lo^isTImA^liment,  and  served  until  the  close  of    -siti lities    in 
I8fi^      Ten  vears  later  he  removed  to  St.   Mary  parisn  ana  luu 
Jucted  a  mfi'antile  business  in  Centreville,  where  he  died  June 
2    1910    a     the  age  of  69  years.     Mrs.  Alleman  passed  away  m 
her  fortieth  vear      The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  a  member  of 
.  L,..^^v  of  5  sons  and  an  equal  number  of  daughters.     He  was 
dSS  in  the"p^^,lirLhools\f  Centreville;  and  at^ the  Chr.tjan 
Brothers'  college,  Memphis,   Tenn.,   graduating  m  1892   with  the 
£ree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.     After  having  been  a  school  teacher 
t'sevell  yeirs,  he  took  a  professional  course  at^  the  Louisiana 
State  Normal  school,  from  which  he  graduated  m  18Jb.     in  orciei 
to  be  better  qualified  for  the  profession  of  teacher,  Mr.  Alleman 
followed  one  Term  at  the  Chicago  university.     He  was  placed  m 
charge  of  the  grammar  school  at  Centreville   with  only  two  teacli- 
ers    and  undei^  his  administration  the  school  was  advanced    o     le 
11  tb  arade    and  was  issuing  certificates  to  its  graduates,  entitling 
Jhemfo  adrn'sstrto  highel  institutions,  without  the  formality  of 
an  ^xlminaTion.     Through  his  efforts  a  sum  of  money  was  raised 
by  subs  r^ption  for  the  construction  of  a  modern  school  building^ 
K  1901     Mr    Alleman   was    appointed   superintendent   of   schools 
^Lafayette  par  sh-the  second  incumbent  of  that  office  under  the 
Act  of  the  L^siana  legislature  of  1898-and  remained  in  service 
until  1907      In  the  lattfr  year  he  was  elected  state  institute  con- 
ductor  and  assumed  the  duties  in  connection  with  the  management 
of     ur^mer   schools   and  teachers'  institutes.     During  his   admm^ 
ktratiT  which   continued  .until   1912,   the    membership    of    the 
c  lools   'and   institutes  was  doubled.     Again  ^f^^fXlkFTof 
of  superintendent  of  the  Lafayette  parish  schools  an  1912,  Prot. 
Alleman  pursued  with  renewed   activity  his   system   of  impro  e- 
menS    pariiculariy  in   carrying   out  the  provisions   of  the  parish 
r^nanL  of  1902^  levying  a  special  tax  ^^  .^  -  ^^enefi^  o    schoo 
extension,   and  the   erection   of  modern  buildings.     Twenty-three 
new  schools  were  constructed,    containing    from  1  to  6  roo^s     - 
of  these  edifices  in  the  city  of  Lafayette  are  very  large.     The  pai- 


22  LOUISIANA 

ish  was  the  first  to  build  eonsodilated  schools  and  to  transport  the 
pupils  in  wagonettes  to  and  from  the  places  of  stiidy.  The  change 
from  old  to  new  methods  has  been  etfected  during  the  excellent 
administration  of  Prof.  Alleman,  with  the  cooperation  of  able  and 
public-spirited  officials  and  the  substantial  aid  and  approval  of 
the  people  of  Lafayette  parish.  A  high  standard  of  education  has 
been  established;  there  is  one  teacher  for  not  more  than  four 
grades,  and  thereafter  the  pupils  are  required  to  attend  a  cen- 
tral school.  There  is  an  approved  agricultural  high  school  of  the 
consolidated  type,  with  courses  in  agrici;lture  and  home  econom- 
ics, and  having  a  10-aere  farm  and  model  barn.  Another  agri- 
cultural high  school  of  a  different  nature  has  teachei-s  who  go  to 
the  homes  of  the  pupils,  to  demonstrate  the  best  methods  of  get- 
ting results  from  the  soil.  In  two  other  schools  there  are  home 
economic  instructors.  In  addition,  the  United  States  government, 
in  conjunction  with  the  parish  school  board,  has  a  farm  demon- 
strator wlio  devotes  one-half  of  his  time  to  instructing  adults,  and 
the  other  half  to  teaching  the  boys  and  girls  in  agi'icultural  clubs, 
which  are  organized  solely  among  the  school  children.  Prof.  Alle- 
man is  a  member  of  the  National  Educational  association;  and  a 
member  and  secretary  of  the  Louisiana  State  Teachers'  association.  In 
1900  he  married  Miss  Nellie  Whitworth,  of  Iberia  parish.  They  have 
4  children,  Ray  W.,  Eleanor,  L.  J.,  Jr.,  and  Florence  W.  Alleman. 

Aiken,  John  Gayle,  M.  D.,  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  Oct.  16, 
1859,  at  Charleston,  S.  C,  son  of  Col.  Hugh  Kerr  Aiken,  native 
of  Winnsboro,  S.  C,  and  IMary  R.  Gayle  Aiken,  of  Alabama.  By 
birtli  and  family  connections.  Dr.  Aiken  is  related  to  the  most 
distinguished  people  in  the  Southern  states.  Gov.  William  Aiken, 
of  South  Carolina,  was  grand-uncle  of  Dr.  Aiken,  and  had  the 
distinction  of  having  been  one  of  the  first  10  millionaires  in  the 
Southern  states.  The  town  of  Aiken,  S.  C,  was  named  for  Gov. 
Aiken's  father,  who  was  killed  on  that  spot  by  a  frightened  horse. 
John  Gayle,  maternal  grandfather  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch, 
was  twice  honored  by  the  people  of  Alabama  as  governor  of  the 
state,  and  twice  as  judge  of  the  siipreme  court.  A  tablet  has  been 
erected  to  his  memory  in  the  court-house  in  Mobile.  Gov.  Gayle 's 
daughter,  Amelia,  was  the  wife  of  Gen.  Josiah  Gorgas,  chief  of 
ordnance  in  the  Confederate  States  army.  His  son,  Dr.  "William 
C.  Gorgas,  now  surgeon-general  of  U.  S.,  has  won  international 
reputation  through  his  eminent  services  in  matters  of  public  san- 
itation and  hygiene,  notably  his  having  rid  Havana,  Cuba,  of  yel- 
low fever  for  the  first  time  in  150  years,  and  as  chief  sanitary 
officer  of  the  Canal  zone,  and  in  having  been  consulted  by  the 
state  of  Ecuador,  South  America,  on  the  sanitary  condition  of 
that  country,  making  a  visit  there  at  the  special  request  of  the 
government  of  that  state.  On  several  occasions.  Dr.  Gorgas  rep- 
resented the  United  States  at  European  conventions  of  physicians. 
Col.  Hugh  Kerr  Aiken,  father  of  Dr.  John  Gayle  Aiken,  was  born 
in  "Winnsboro,  S.  C".,  July  5,  1822,  son  of  David  and  Nancy  Aiken, 
whose  family  consisted  of  7  sons  and  2  daughters.  Hugh  Kerr 
Aiken  wa.s  reared  on  the  old  plantation  of  his  parents  and  re- 
ceived his  education  at   Mount  Zion  academy  and  South  Carolina 


BIOGRAPHICAL  23 

college.  He  engaged  in  planting,  and  after  a  few  years  moved 
to  Charleston,  S.  C,  wliere  he  was  living  wlien  the  Civil  war  broke 
out.  From  early  youth,  he  \vas  fond  of  military  life,  and  in  1850 
was  elected  bi-igadier-general,  and  afterwards  was  chosen  .succes- 
sor to  P.  H.  Nelson,  major-general  of  South  Carolina  state  troops. 
His  sword,  presented  on  that  occasion  by  Gen.  Nelson,  is  among 
the  most  cherished  relics  in  the  keeping  of  his  son,  Dr.  Aiken.  As 
soon  as  Soiith  Carolina  seceded  from  the  Union,  Col.  Aiken  en- 
tered the  Confederate  army,  and  served  on  the  coast  until  elected 
colonel  of  the  Sixth  South  Carolina  cavalry.  The  regiment  was 
ordered  to  Virginia  as  part  of  Gen.  M.  C.  Butler's  brigade,  and  at 
the  battle  of  Trevillian  Station,  Col.  Aiken  distinguished  himself. 
That  engagement  took  place  June  11,  1864.  The  colonel's  regi- 
ment lost  a  great  number  of  men,  and  he,  while  leading  a  charge, 
was  desperately  wounded,  being  shot  through  the  body,  and  the 
bullet  grazing  one  of  his  lungs.  He  was  taken  by  the  enemy  and 
placed  in  an  ambulance,  but  was  rescued  by  his  soldiers  and 
carried  to  the  hoxise  of  Mr.  Hunter,  near  Louisa  court-liouse.  He 
was  l)rought  home  by  his  wife  and  after  recovering  from  liis 
wound,  was  offered  a  position  of  partial  retirement  in  one  of  the 
departments  at  Richmond,  but  he  preferred  rejoining  his  regi- 
ment in  the  field,  on  the  Petersburg  lines.  Here  he  daily  witnessed 
sorties,  desperate  fighting,  and  thunderous  bombardments.  He 
saw  General  "Wade  Hampton's  son  shot  and  unhorsed  and  killed 
while  dashing  across  the  held.  Col.  Aiken  was  put  in  command 
of  Butler's  brigade,  consisting  of  the  4th,  5th  and  6th  South  Car- 
olina cavalry  when  it  was  transferred  to  the  Carolinas  to  meet 
Sherman's  advance.  Feb.  27,  1865,  he  was  ordered  by  General 
Butler  to  proceed  with  his  troops,  down  the  east  bank  of  Lynch 
creek,  to  ascertain  if  any  of  the  Federal  army  had  cro.ssed  into 
Darlington,  and  while  in  the  performance  of  that  duty,  received 
a  mortal  wound,  and  expired  in  the  arms  of  his  nephew  and  cour- 
ier, William  Cloud  Aiken.  His  brother.  Col.  D.  Wyatt  Aiken,  came 
out  of  the  war  with  a  fine  record,  and  subsequently  represented 
liis  state  in  Congress  for  several  terms.  A  younger  ))rother,  A. 
M.  Aiken,  was  a  private  soldier.  Col.  Hugh  K.  Aik(>n  was  married 
Dec.  15,  1852,  to  IMary,  third  daughter  of  Gov.  John  Gayle.  of 
Alabama.  Their  surviving  child  is  Dr.  John  Gayle  Aiken,  of  New 
Orleans.  Dr.  Aiken  received  his  education  at  Sewanee  university, 
in  Tennessee,  graduating  in  1881.  After  a  residence  of  a  few 
years  in  ilobile,  Ala.,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  service  of  the 
Mobile  &  Ohio  R.  R.,  Dr.  Aiken  came  to  New  Orleans  and  entered 
Tulano  university,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1801 ;  next  going 
to  Halmemann  Homeopathic  college,  Chicago,  Miiere  he  graduated 
in  1892.  Returning  to  New  Orleans,  he  began  the  practice  of 
medicine  in  partnership  witli  his  father-in-law,  Dr.  William  H. 
Holcombe,  and  continued  with  him  until  Dr.  Holeombe's  death 
in  1893.  and  practiced  alone  since,  residing  in  the  home  wliieh 
Dr.  Holcombe  had  occupied  for  many  years,  and  whicli  he  pur- 
chased after  Dr.  Holeombe's  death.  Dr.  William  H.  Holcombe 
was  born  at  Lynchburg,  Va.,  May  29,  1825,  of  an  old  Virginia  fam- 
ily; his  grandfather  having  served  in  the  Continental  army,  and 


24  LOUISIANA 

his  father  was  a  distinguished  physician  of  the  old  school.  Dr. 
"William  H.  Holcombe  was  sent  to  the  University  of  Pennsylvania, 
graduating  in  1847.  He  removed  to  Cincinnati,  and  was  there 
during  a  siege  of  Asiatic  cholera,  which  caused  him  to  become  in- 
terested in  homeopathy.  The  great  success  he  met  with  in  his 
esperiments  induced  him  to  devote  himself  to  the  new  school  of 
medicine,  and  he  became  one  of  its  most  talented  disciples.  Dr. 
Holcombe  went  to  Natchez,  Miss.,  in  1852,  and  he  and  his  part- 
ner, Dr.  Davis,  were  appointed  physicians  and  surgeons  to  the 
Mississippi  State  hospital.  In  1864  Dr.  Holcombe  removed  to  New 
Orleans,  where  he  made  his  home  until  his  death,  Nov.  28,  1893. 
He  was  chairman  of  the  Yellow  Fever  commission  in  1878,  and 
published  an  excellent  report  of  the  work  done  during  the  epi- 
demic of  that  year.  For  many  years  he  was  one  of  the  editors 
of  the  North  American  Journal  of  Homeopathy,  and  president  of 
the  American  Institute  of  Homeopathy  in  1876.  He  was  the  author 
of  several  books  and  treatises,  publishing,  in  1852,  "The  Scientifie 
Basis  of  Homeopathy,"  and,  in  1856,  "Yellow  Fever,  and  its 
Homeopathic  Treatment."  Dr.  Holcombe  also  wrote  2  volumes 
of  poetry,  and  8  religious  works,  embodying  the  doctrines  of 
Swedenborg.  His  last  literary  composition,  "The  Truth  About 
Homeopathy,"  was  completed  a  few  days  before  his  death.  Dr. 
Holcombe  was  a  man  of  lofty  and  noble  nature,  and  of  tenderest 
charity,  a  true  philantliropist,  who  won  the  respect  and  devotion 
of  all  who  knew  him.  He  married  in  1852,  Miss  Rebecca  Palmer, 
of  Cincinnati.  There  were  4  cliiklren ;  3  died  in  infancy,  the  sur- 
vivor being  ]\Irs.  John  Gayle  Aiken.  In  religion.  Dr.  Aiken  be- 
longs to  the  Episcopal  faith,  being  a  member  of  the  Christ  Epis- 
copal church  congregation  since  his  11th  year;  and  in  politics  he 
is  a  Democrat,  never  actively  taking  pai-t  in  public  affairs,  but 
always  exercising  the  right  of  suffrage.  He  east  his  first  vote  for 
Tiklen,  the  Democratic  candidate  for  president  of  the  United 
States,  in  1880.  In  1882,  Dr.  Aiken  married  Tiliss  Ada  Holcombe, 
daughter  of  Dr.  W.  H.  and  Rebecca  (Palmer)  Holcombe,  of  New 
Orleans.  Ilis  family  consisted  of  7  children,  1  of  whom,  Hugh 
Kerr  Aiken,  died  in  1909.  The  children  now  living  are :  William 
Holcombe  Aiken,  medical  student  in  Tulane  university ;  John 
Gayle  Aiken,  in  mercantile  business;  Warwick  Aiken,  in  the  cot- 
ton business ;  Ralph  P.  Aiken,  who  has  eontribiited  to  magazines 
and  newspapers ;  Charles  B.  Aiken,  at  school ;  and  Edith  Aiken, 
a  teacher  in  the  kindergarten  for  the  poor  children  of  the  city 
of  New  Orleans.  Hugh  Kerr  Aiken,  second  son  of  Dr.  Aiken,  a 
young  man  of  much  promise,  graduate  of  Annapolis  naval  acad- 
emy, was  killed  while  in  performance  of  duty  as  a  naval  officer, 
Jiily  11,  1909,  on  the  United  States  .steamship.  North  Carolina, 
while  at  Naples,  Italy.  On  the  occasion  of  Pres.  Taft's  visit  to  New 
Orleans,  he  referred  to  Lieut.  Aiken  in  the  following  words:  "Bi;t 
as  I  stand  in  the  presence  of  a  New  Orleans  audience,  as  I  stand 
in  an  academic  atmosphere,  I  cannot  refrain  from  allusion  to  the 
heroic  death  recently  met  by  a  young,  bright,  able  man  of  your 
community,  Lieut.  Aiken  of  the  navy.  He  saw  his  dangerous  duty, 
and,  with  his  men  under  him,  thoughtful  of  their  safety,  he  led 


Hugh  Kekr  Aiken 
Lieut.  U.  S.  Navy 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  25 

them  into  the  place  of  danger,  fell  and  was  overcome,  and  the  only 
thought  he  had  as  lie  was  about  to  meet  his  death  was,  as  he  asked 
his  commanding  officer:     'Have  I  made  good?'     It  is  such  stan- 
dards of  living  and  of  dying  that  I  think  are  inculcated  not  only 
at  West  Point  and  at  Annapolis,  but  in  all  academic  institutions, 
of  which  this  Tulane  is  one  of  the  best  examples.    And  I  am  glad, 
in  the  presence  of  his  neighbors— the  neighbors  of  his  father  and 
of  his  mother,   as   commander-in-chief   of   the   navy,   to   pay  this 
tribute  to  his  memory."     The  following  beautiful  tribute  to  this 
young  officer   was  published:     "There   are  sorrows   of  such  wide 
significance,  that  when  they  come  into  our  midst,  the  minor  chords 
are  struck  as  by  a  master  musician,  and  the  penetrating  pathos  ot 
the  notes  find  response  in  every  heart.    We  would  not  draw  aside 
the  veil  to  whom  the  right  belongs  to  mourn,  but  we,  too,  who 
stand  without,  are  dim-visioned  from  the  mists  of  sympathy      We, 
too    would  add  a  wreath  of  laurel  to  the  wreaths  already  there— 
the' 'honor  wreaths'  for  the  'gallant  officer  and  gentleman,     who 
walked  in  honor's  path,  and  in  his  youth,  ere  life's  sun  had  reached 
meridional  glow,  saluted,  at  last  command— received  his  passport 
to  eternity— and  entered  into  new  fields  of  action,     where  winged 
souls  fly  beyond  all  change,  in  the  eternal  distance  to  perfectexl  lite. 
For  him,  'all's  well.'     For  those  who  mourn,  'all's  well,    for  his 
life    like   a  broken   column,    gleams   in   unsullied    whiteness,   un- 
mai'red  by  stains  of  sin,  or  rude  chisel  of  dishonor.    The  honors  of 
'country'    and   foreign   power   have   been   paid   him.      The   flag    at 
half-mast— the  wreath  of  honor— the  pall  of  the  flowers,  bedewed 
by  sweet  affection.     And  from  the  bugle's  silver-throat,  the  long, 
last,  farewell  note— the  call  to   rest— for  'all's  well'— when     He 
giveth  His  Beloved  sleep.'     A  wreath   of  laurel,  to  the  memory 
of  Ensign  Hugh  K.  Aiken,  U.  S.  N.,  'gallant  officer  and  gentleman, 
who   died   in   his   vouth."     The   classmates   of  Lieut.    Aiken   have 
placed  a  tablet  to  his  memory  at  Annapolis  Naval  academy,  upon 
which  is  inscribed:     "In  memory  of  Ensign  Hugh  Kerr  Aiken, 
U.  S.  N.,  who  was  killed  in  the  performance  of  duty  on  board  the 
United  States  cruiser.  North  Carolina,  in  the  Bay  of  Naples,  July 
11    1909      'And  so  this  man  died,  leaving  his  death  an  example 
of' courage,  his  life  a  memorial  of  virtue.'     Erected  by  his  class- 
mates of  1906." 

Alexander,  Taliaferro,  of  Shreveport,  a  leading  lawyer,  Avas  born 
March  17,  1846,  in  Catahoula  parish,  the  son  of  John  S.  Alexander, 
a  native  of  Kentucky,  who  followed  tlie  profession  of  physician 
and  in  1842  removed  to  Louisiana,  engaging  in  the  occupation  of 
planter.  He  married  Miss  Susan  Taliaferro,  daughter  of  one  of 
the  early  settlers  of  the  Pelican  state,  who,  with  his  father,  had 
emigrated  to  Louisiana  from  Virginia  in  1813.  Three  sons  were 
born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  John  S.  Alexander,  their  second  child  bemg 
the  subject  of  this  sketch.  The  Alexanders,  of  Scotch-Irish  de- 
scent rank  with  the  pioneer  inhabitants  of  Kentucky,  where  Rob- 
ert Alexander,  paternal  grandfather  of  Taliaferro  Alexander,  was 
born.  At  the  age  of  30  years,  Dr.  Alexander  died.  Reared  m  his 
native  parish;  educated  in  local  public  schools,  and  next,  a  student 
at  the  Louisiana  state  imiversity,  the  younger  Alexander  entered 


26  LOUISIANA 

the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Louisiana  (now  Tulane), 
and  in  1869  received  his  degree  of  bachelor  of  laws.  He  began  the 
practice  of  his  profession  in  Slireveport,  and  was  A'ei-y  successful. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  State  Constitutional  convention  of  1898. 
In  1876  occurred  his  marriage  with  i\Iiss  Laura  Lister,  the  daugh- 
ter of  A.  D.  Lister.  They  have  one  son,  Albert  L.  Alexander,  who 
is  a  lawyer  residing  in  Shreveport,  and  a  graduate  of  University 
of  Virginia,  where  he  received  tlie  degree  of  bachelor  of  laws,  in 
1907. 

Alexander,  William  McFaddin,  D.D.,  LL.D.— New  Orleans.— 
^Vas  born  at  tlie  old  family  liomcstead,  near  Union,  ilonroe  county, 
Va.,  (now  West  Virginia),  Nov.  7,  1861;  son  of  Michael  Capertou 
Alexander,  whose  birthplace  was  the  same  as  that  of  the  son.  The 
father  was  the  son  of  a  Virginia  planter,  but  on  account  of  threat- 
ened failing  health,  removed  to  Beaumont,  Tex.,  previous  to  the 
Civil  Avar,  and  there,  with  his  brother  and  brother-in-law,  organ- 
ized the  firm  of  "Ross  &  Alexander,"  a  lumber  and  mercantile 
firm  which  built  the  first  saw-mill  at  Beaumont.  j\Ir.  Alexander 
was  thus  one  of  the  pioneer  lumbermen  and  merchants  of  the 
Southwest.  Mr.  Alexander's  health  was  restored,  his  business 
prospered,  and  on  Dec.  13,  I860,  he  was  married  in  Beaumont, 
to  Miss  Sarah  L.  McFaddin,  a  daughter  of  William  McFaddin,  a 
large  ranch  OAvner  of  Texas,  and  Avho  served  iinder  Gen.  Sam  Hous- 
ton in  the  army  that  achieved  independence  for  Texas.  He  took 
part  in  the  battle  of  San  Jacinto,  and  Avas  present  at  the  capture 
of  Santa  Anna.  William  McFaddin 's  sons  are  numbered  among 
the  Avealthy  citizens  of  Texas,  and  are  prominently  identified  Avith 
the  afi'airs  of  the  Lone  Star  state.  Mr.  Alexander  in  the  summer  of 
1861,  Avitli  his  bride  of  a  fcAV  months,  returned  to  his  old  Virginia 
home  on  a  visit.  While  there  the  Avar-eloud  Imrst.  and.  leaving 
his  Avife  under  his  father's  roof,  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army 
under  Col.  Barbee.  After  a  time,  'he  Avas  paroled  on  accotint  of 
illness.  HoAvever,  he  remained  in  Virginia  during  the  Avar  and  for 
four  years  after  the  Avar,  Avhen  he  returned  to  Texas  and  became 
a  planter;  later  lie  became  associated  Avith  a  lumber  company  and 
continued  this  connection  until  his  retirement  from  liusiness  ac- 
tivities. He  died  at  Beaumont,  Fel).  10,  1912,  aged  75  years.  He 
accumulated  a  comfortaI)le  fortune.  He  is  survived  by  his  AvidoAV, 
one  son,  Rev.  William  McFaddin  Alexander  of  Ncav  Orleans,  and 
one  daughter.  Miss  Sibbie  V.  The  AvidoAv  and  daughter  reside  at 
Beaumont.  A  son  and  daughter  are  deceased.  Mr.  Alexander  Avas 
a  Presbyterian  elder,  and  came  from  a  long  line  of  Presbyterians 
originally  from  Scotland.  His  family  is  the  Virginia  branch  of 
Alexandei-s,  wlio  have  for  gimerations  been  prominent  in  church, 
state  and  nation.  As  is  Avell-kuoAvn,  tlie  Virginia  Alexanders  trace 
their  descent  in  direct  line  back  to  the  Earls  of  Stirling  in  Scot- 
land. Stirling  is  one  of  the  most  liistoric  spots  in  Scotland — the 
former  seat  ol'  kings  and  the  "key  to  the  Highlands."  The  castle, 
the  former  seat  of  tlie  Alexanders,  is  still  standing  and  is  one  of  the 
best  preserved  castles  of  the  United  Kingdom  and  one  of  the  show 
places  of  Europe.  It  now  l)elongs  to  the  crown  by  confiscation. 
Sir  William  Alexander,  poet  and  man  of  affairs,  Avas  the  last  Earl 


BIOGRAPHICAL  '^'^ 


^vas  John  Ervm  Alexandel^  gieat-giaadtcUUer  P^  ^^^  ^^  ^^.^^^^ 
ander,  aud  gre^VSJ-^^^t-graudta  le.  Jan  es  ^i^^a  ^^^ -^.^^^^^  ^^^^^ 
.vere  natives  ot  Vn-gmia.  1  Ie^^o^  ;to  ^^^^  Rockbridge-connty, 
James   Alexander  went   tioni   A"gi'''  j  ^^^^^  no 

Va.,  to  Union,  Monroe  county,  '^^^J^^^'f^Xeing  a  wilderness  in- 
such  place  as  Union  the  ^vh'^l^^  f^"^  e  present  sight  of  Union, 
habited  only  by  l-^^ians     II    seh   ted  «ie  pie  g^^  ^^  ^^^^  ^^^ 

cleared  and  planted  a  ^-^^^  '.'^^  J^/ J'S  his  bride,  he  found  the 
borne  to  be  married.  On  his  ^^-J} j^  J^^^.^^^^  The  Indians  had 
house   burned   down   and  the   field     aid   ^^aste^  ^^^^   ^,^^ 

made  a  raid  Nothing  ^^^"f;«^;^;;;\Sng  in  the  heart  of  the 
field  replanted,  and  trom    h  s    o^*^^ly  d^^eu  ^^^.^  ^^^^^^^ 

^vilderness  grew  the  a"eesti-.a  home  "J  ^ed  in  the  private  and 
William   McFacldlnAlexanck.r^^  as    educated  1  Woodville, 

public  schools  of  Bcauniont  n  a  pnvat^  acacl^  y^^  ^^.^ 
Tex.,  following  which  li^^^-^^^^f'' .  ?.^  Then  he  entered  Union 
course  in  Washington  and  J^ee  X^^^\*Jn  '  Ta.,  completing  the 
Theological  seminary,  at  Haiupdc^J^idW'  p^.^,,  t^rian  church 
course  1nl887.  He  then  became  pa  ox  of  the  l^e  y  ^^.^^.^^^  ^^^ 
at  Bainbridge,  Ga     remaining  t   eie  tlu^ie  ^ea  .^  ^^^^^^ 

became  pastor  of  the  ^\  ^  wf  ^fea^-       In  the  summer  of  1899, 

phis,  Tenn.,  where  he  i""^'°^'\^/^f  \,ie  Prvtania  Street  Presby- 
he  came  to  New  Orleans  =«  l^^Mor  ot  the  iiytam^  ^^_ 

terian  church,  which  1-  -ntmues  ^  ecu  y  ^^\^^^^  ,,,  ,,^, 
.  gree  of  D.D.  was  «o"^''"^  °,y^;^™  ^  ^..^iversitv  and  Washington 
week,  the  Southwestern  ?  7^^'^.  ff 'l^^,  "^Mater  In  1911,  the  de- 
and  Lee  university,  the  l«t"^^l\\\^7,i,e  University  of  Georgia, 
gree  of  LL.D.  was  conferred  on  l^f  "^^f  J  "-^^  ^  ..^tlier  chary  in 
f  university  that  tln'oughout  ,ig  hj  oiy  ha  e  n  i a^  ,„,i,,,tiy 
conferring  honorary  degrees     Di-  Alexaiiae  ^^^^^^^^    .^    ^^^^ 

identiiied^with   the;  progress   of  J      f-  ^^;^^^  ^^..^ed  to   Miss 
South.     On  June  24,  IbJi,  ur.   ARXcui.  Bower, 

Ceneilla  Bower  of  Georgia    a  ^augWeo    Judge  Isaac  ^^^ 

^vho  for  years  was  judge  ot  the  ^"P'-'"  '\.;'";\  ,.^,ech>d  bv  his  son, 
district  of  Georgia,  and  ^v^io  ;^,«;J^^""^^^^if;'^i  J^  een -prominent^ 
Judge  Byron  B.  Bo-er.     The  Bo.ei    famij   1^^^^^^^  ^^^^.^^^ 

in  Georgia  -"-^^^^^^^l^if participated,  as  did  the  great- 
SJaSrSlS:  Al^x^ei:  D^.\nd  Mrs.  Alexander  have  one 
child,  a  daughter.  Miriam  Caperton.  -^  physician  and 

Abramson,  Louis,  M.  D.,  founder,  ."^^'^.^,^,^^'^\;/'^^^^^^  is  one 

surgeon  of  the  North  Lo"^-^.^,  f^^^^  "^,  Cadd  He  was  born 
of  the  leading  practitionexs  ot  tlj^  ^  arisH  ot  ^J'  Abramson, 

July  24,  1868,  at  Baton  Rouge,  La     the  soi^ot^^^a^  ^^^ 

,  native  of  ^--^lowS  "h^o  u  aSHf  merchant  and  after 
in  the  year  18bU,  touo^u  (i  me  "'^"-  i  i,.io;ti(>cs  Mrs.  Abramson 
a  few  years  engaged  ^-J;^^'''^^Tl^^^^,  and  is 
(Bertha  Salomon  ,  of  <-^fT?«"> •/™^^'te  ^f  73  years.  Dr.  Louis 
still  living.    Her  husband  clied  at  tli<^  a^e  "  ^  ^^  ^  ^    ^^  ^^u- 

Abramson  is  the  fifth  -  ^    anuly  of  ^  ^^^^i  en     i^ea^^^^^^^^ 
cated  in  the  parish  of  West  Baton  Kougc,  i^ct.. 


28  LOUISIANA 

devotion  to  his  family  by  seeking  and  securing  employment  in 
stores  and  on  plantations  in  order  to  help  in  providing  for  the 
household.  At  the  age  of  23  he  began  the  stiidy  of  medicine  at 
Tulane  university,  and  in  1898,  graduated,  and  immediately 
opened  an  office  in  New  Oi-leans.  In  the  course  of  his  professional 
studies,  Dr.  Abramson  was  interne  at  the  Shreveport  Charity  hos- 
pital, and  at  New  Orleans  charity  hospital,  serving  one  year  in  each 
of  these  institutions.  From  New  Orleans  he  removed  to  Shreve- 
port and  became  assistant  physician  in  the  sanitarium  from  1899 
to  1904,  when  he  leased  the  sanitarium,  and  managed  it  during 
three  years.  The  North  Louisiana  sanitarium  was  foiuided  by 
him  in  1907.  It  is  a  model  curative  establishment,  equipped  with 
the  latest  appliances  in  hygiene  and  sanitation,  and  is  ably  man- 
aged by  Dr.  Abramson,  assisted  by  a  corps  of  trained  helpers. 
The  doctor  is  a  member  of  the  Shreveport  Medical  society;  the 
Louisiana  State  Medical  society;  the  American  Medical  associa- 
tion ;  American  College  of  Surgeons ;  is  a  thirty-second  degree 
Mason;  a  Knight  of  Pythias;  and  affiliated  with  the  Elks  Lodge, 
No.  122,  of  Shreveport.  In  1902,  the  marriage  of  Dr.  Louis  Abram- 
son and  Miss  Bella  Lowenstein  took  place.  Of  their  imion.  3  sons 
were  born :     Louis,  Paul,  and  Samuel  Abramson. 

Allen,  Albert  C,  attorney-at-law,  Franklin,  St.  Mary  parish,  La. 
"Was  born  at  Franklin,  La.,  Aug.  23,  1847;  son  of  "William  P.  and 
Caroline  P.  (Nixon)  Allen,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  at  Gal- 
latin, Tenn.,  in  1806,  and  the  latter  in  the  State  of  Missouri.  Both 
parents  died  at  Franklin,  the  mother  in  1879,  at  the  age  of  60 
years,  and  the  father  in  1889.  "When  the  mother  was  but  6  years 
old  she  had  started  on  a  trip  down  the  Mississippi  river  in  a  boat, 
accompanied  by  her  father,  sister  and  brother.  Her  mother  had 
previously  died.  "While  the  party  was  encamped  near  IMemphis, 
her  father,  in  crossing  the  river,  was  drowned,  and  the  three  small 
children  left  alone.  Their  situation  was  reported  by  fri.endly  In- 
dians, and  they  were  taken  in  charge  by  white  people.  Through 
correspondence  the  relatives  of  the  children  were  located  near 
Franklin,  La.,  and  shortly  afterward  the  orphans  were  carried  to 
that  place.  The  father,  "William  P.  Allen,  was  one  of  the  pioneers 
of  Franklin.  He  located  there  in  1830,  as  a  contractor,  and  built 
most  of  the  antebellum  sugar  houses  of  St.  Mary  parish.  "When 
the  town  of  Franklin  was  incorporated,  in  1834,  ilr.  Allen  was 
elected  the  tirst  mayor  of  the  municipality.  At  one  time  he  occu- 
pied the  office  of  coroner  of  the  parish.  Albert  C.  was  the  8th 
of  9  children  born  to  his  parents,  only  3  now  living.  At  the  be- 
ginning of  the  Civil  war  there  were  four  brothers  in  the  family. 
Benton  E.  enlisted  in  Company  G,  13th  La.  infantry.  He  attained 
the  rank  of  lieutenant,  was  mortally  wounded  at  the  Battle  of 
Shiloh,  and  died  in  the  enemy's  hands.  Da^ad  enlisted  in  the  same 
company  and  regiment,  served  to  the  close  of  the  war,  and  died 
in  1884.  Robert  "W.  enlisted  in  the  same  company  as  the  other 
brothers,  but  was  afterward  honorably  discharged  because  of  phy- 
sical disability.  He  later  recovered,  and  enlisted  as  a  member  of 
Vinson's  Scouts,  serving  to  the  close  of  the  war.  Albert  C.  en- 
listed in  April,  1864,  previous  to  his  17th  birthday,  as  a  member 


BIOGRAPHICAL  29 

of  Vinson's  Scouts,  Gen.  Brent's  brigade,  and  served  until  the 
surrender  of  his  command,  on  June  10,  1865,  2  months  after  Gen. 
Lee's  surrender.  This  was  due  to  the  fact  that  the  command  had 
been  sent  to  Southern  Louisiana,  and  until  notified  by  the  com- 
mander of  a  gunboat  that  had  been  sent  to  that  locality,  did  not 
know  of  the  surrender  of  Gen.  Kirby  Smith's  army.  Previous 
-to  his  enlistment  in  the  army,  the  young  man  had  attended  private 
schools  at  Franklin,  and  in  April,  1866,  he  entered  White  Creek 
Springs  academ.y,  completing  a  2-year  course  at  that  institution. 
Following  this,  he  returned  to  St.  Mary  parish,  and  there  taught 
in  private  and  public  schools  for  a  time  to  secure  means  with  which 
to  prosecute  his  further  studies.  When  this  had  been  accomplished, 
he  entered  the  law  department  of  the  University  of  Louisiana 
(now  Tulane),  from  which  he  graduated  in  1871,  in  the  same 
class  with  Sen.  ]\Iurphy  J.  Foster  of  Franklin.  Following  his  grad- 
uation, he  at  once  returned  to  Franklin  and  began  the  practice  of 
his  profession.  In  April,  1882,  Mr.  Allen  was  elected  mayor  of  the 
City  of  Franklin,  and  reelected  in  1884.  While  yet  mayor,  in  1886, 
he  was  elected  district  .iudge  to  fill  the  unexpired  term  of  Judge 
F.  S.  Goode,  and  following  this,  was  successively  reelected  to  that 
station  five  times,  three  times  without  opposition.  Judge  Allen 
occupied  this  position  longer  than  has  any  other  man  in  the  his- 
tory of  the  court — 22  consecutive  years,  his  last  term  expiring  in 
1908.  In  1909,  Judge  Allen  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Sanders  as  a 
member  of  the  state  Board  of  Pension  Commissioners  for  Confed- 
erate soldiers,  and  remains  incumbent  of  that  position  at  this 
time.  He  has  been  a  life-long  democrat,  is  a  member  of  the  Epis- 
copal church,  and  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  having  filled  the  ex- 
alted station  of  Grand  IMaster  of  the  Masonic  Grand  Lodge  of  the 
State  of  Louisiana  from  1898  to  1900,  inclusive.  At  the  time  of  the 
first  agitation  toward  building  the  beautifi;!  new  courthouse  that 
now  adorns  the  central  square  of  the  City  of  Franklin,  Judge  Alleu 
was  one  of  the  most  active  workers  for  the  construction  of  the 
building.  He  served  as  a  member  of  a  committee  appointed  to  go 
before  the  police  jury  of  St.  Mary  parish  and  request  the  passage 
of  an  ordinance  authorizing  the  expenditure  of  the  necessary  sum 
of  money.  The  liandsorae  structure  cost  .$125,000,  and  Judge  Allen 
was  the  first  jurist  to  preside  in  the  new  biiilding.  His  term  as 
judge  of  the  district  coiu-t  expired  shortly  after  the  completion 
of  the  new  courthouse.  He  is  now  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law 
in  the  City  of  Franklin.  Dec.  3,  1874,  Judge  Allen  was  married  to 
]\riss  Katie  E.  Johnson,  of  Franklin,  a  daughter  of  Cheney  John- 
son, one  of  the  pioneers  of  St.  Mary  parish.  Mr.  Johnson  removed 
from  Maryland  and  located  in  St.  Mary  parish  at  a  time  when 
that  region  was  very  far  from  its  present  state  of  development. 
He  owned  and  operated  a  line  of  boats  between  Franklin  and  New 
Orleans  before  and  after  the  Civil  war.  During  the  war  he  oper- 
ated his  boats  in  the  transport  service  of  the  Confederate  gov- 
ernment. To  Judge  and  IMrs.  Allen  6  children  have  been  born, 
namely:  Gracie  Katie,  Herbert  G.,  Edna,  Louise,  William  P.,  and 
A.  C,  Jr.     The  latter  died  in  infancy. 

Andrews,  Collin  Adams,  head  of  the  C.  A.  Andrews    Coal    Co., 


30  LOUISIANA 

limited,  New  Orleans,  is  a  son  of  W.  W.  and  ilartha  (Adams) 
Andrews,  and  was  born  June'  8,  1862,  at  Washington,  Ark.  W. 
W.  Andrews,  the  father,  of  Haddom,  Conn.,  traveled  by  boat  to 
New  Orleans  when  13  years  of  age.  After  having  lived  some  years 
at  New  Orleans,  the  young  man  was  sent  to  Washington,  Ark., 
and  placed  in  charge  of  the  store  of  A.  Brittin  &  Co.,  at  that  time 
the  largest  mercantile  establishment  in  Southwest  Arkansas.  After 
one  year  in  this  responsible  position,  he  was  taken  into  partner- 
ship in  the  store,  and  continued  a  resident  of  that  locality  through- 
out the  remainder  of  an  active  and  useful  life.  In  addition  to 
his  diities  in  the  store,  he  later  carried  on  a  real  estate  and  bank- 
ing business  until  the  year  1870,  when  he  disposed  of  his  interest 
in  the  store,  but  continued  in  the  real  estate  and  banking  business 
until  his  death,  in  1S7.5.  ]\Iartha  Adams,  who  became  the  wife  of 
W.  W.  ^Vndrews  and  mother  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  a 
daiig'hter  of  Samiiel  Adams,  of  Tennessee.  When  Martha  was 
quite  young  the  family  removed  from  Tennessee  to  Little  Rock, 
Ark.,  and  it  was  in  the  latter  place  that  Mr.  Andrews  first  met 
Miss  Adams,  and  there  they  were  married  in  1855.  This  was  Mr. 
Andrews'  second  marriage.  His  first  wife  was  I\Iiss  MoUie  Jones, 
who  lived  only  3  years  after  their  marriage,  and  left  two  daugh- 
ters, one  of  wliom  is  now  the  widow  of  Charles  E.  Eoyston,  and 
the  other  the  widow  of  William  P.  Hart.  Both  are  living  in  Wash- 
ington, Ark.,  at  this  time.  The  children  born  to  Mr.  Andrews'  sec- 
ond marriage  were  the  following :  Mrs.  L.  E.  Gillepsie,  of  Hope, 
Ark.;  W.  W.  Andrews,  of  Pine  Bluff,  Ark.;  David  Everett  An- 
drews, also  of  the  latter  city,  who  died  in  1910:  Collin  A.  An- 
drews, the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Johnnie  Fagau  xVndrews,  Avho 
died  at  the  age  of  4  years :  Leo  3Iay  Andrews,  of  Pine  Bluif,  Ark., 
one  of  the  largest  cotton  planters  in  the  latter  state;  Mrs.  Lula 
Bell  Nichols,  of  Pine  Bluff,  Ark.,  who  died  in  1909;  Mrs.  Nora 
Bell  Hudson,  of  Tallahassee,  Fla.  Some  time  after  the  death  of 
her  husband,  Mrs.  Andrews  was  married  to  Dr.  D.  S.  Mills,  of 
Pine  Bluff,  Ark.  She  died  in  1899.  Collin  Adams  Andrews,  the 
son,  and  subject  of  this  sketcli,  lived  in  the  ToAvn  of  Washington. 
Ark.,  until  he  had  attained  his  14th  year,  and  there  attended  the 
public  schools,  after  which  he  entered  Morgan's  college,  at  Clin- 
ton, Conn.,  where  he  remained  2  years.  He  then  attended  Arkan- 
sas State  university,  at  Fayetteville,  but  after  1  year  in  the  uni- 
versity, entered  the  Eastman  Business  college,  Poughkeepsie,  N. 
Y.  After  finishing  the  course  at  this  institution,  he  returned  to 
Arkansas  and  shortly  afterward  secured  a  position  at  Little  Rock 
in  the  office  of  the  Little  Rock,  Mississip])i  River  &  Texas  R.  E. 
After  1  year  in  this  position  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  the  books 
of  the  Pulaski  Gas  Liglit  Co.,  of  Little  Rock,  of  which  company  he 
later  became  assistant  secretary  and  treasurer,  and  remained  in- 
cumbent of  that  position  about  5  years.  At  the  expiration  of  this 
time  he  went  to  Memphis,  Tenn.,  and  started  in  the  coal  business 
on  the  Mississippi  river,  in  Dec,  1889,  on  his  own  account.  After 
conducting  this  enterprise  1  year  he  organized  the  Walton  Coal 
Co.,  of  jVIemphis.  From  the  start  this  company  Avas  in  a  stren- 
uous fight  with  the  old  and  well-kno\\n  firm   of  Brown  &  Jones, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  31 

nn,1  after  1  year  of  this  the  Walton  company  sold  out  to  the  Pitts- 
bu  /coal  Co  which  was  a  reorganization  of  the  Brovvn  i:  J  u  . 
Co  At  this  uncture  Mr.  Andrews  engaged  with  the  GalloNxay 
l^Sal  Cl  as  .^.anager  of  sales  _departn.nt  at  Me.nph.. 


children  weie    do  u  ^^^  ^^^^^^  ^  praetiemg  at- 

1888    now  the  wife  of  Lieut.  W.  H.  Lassing,  of  the  U.  b^  ua^^  , 
ClSo?nrWatkiis  Andrews,  born  at  Little  Rock    ^^^^^^Z- 
and  now  vice-president  and   assistant  secretary  ot  «>«   C    A  ^n 
rWv^  roal  Co    New  Orleans;  Martha  Andrews,  born  at  ^lemphis, 
tZ,  0°  t    27,"lS93    .xnd  now  living  at  the  parental  home  m  N,w 

""Sews,  Judge  James,  prcnninent  ««orney  and  fomer^tri^ 
iudoe     Vlcxandria,  La.,  was  born  m  Rapides  par  sh    La.,  *eb.  _^, 
1847-'son  of  Tames  R.  and  Lucretia  (Davidson)  Andrews,  the  for- 
mer of  whom  was  a  native  of  South  Carolina  and  was  brought  t 
Eoiistna  by  his  parents  when  about  6  months  old     He  was  reaed 

in  Rapides  parish   and  there   passed   his   ^^1^«}%1\\*^/^-h^^  f.      ",.' 
dying  at  his  plantation  home  at  the  age  of  6o  years     H  s    athei, 
Micdmel  Andrews,  of  Scotch-Irish  ancestry,  died  shortly  at  ei  coni- 
ng to  Louisiana.     Lucretia  (Davidson)  Andrews,  the  mother.  ^  as 
a   natiN^   of   Rapides  parish.,   where    her  parents  were   aniong   the 
aSy  s<Sti:i-s     Ihe  atJained'the  age  of  about  45  ^ea-  and  became 
the  mother  of  7   children,,   three   ot   whom    survive   at  this   time 
S  me"  Andrews  was  the  third  son,     His  bo.rfoodwas^  passed  on 
the  farm    where  he  attended  a  private  school.     Feb.  lo,  i-^o^>J^} 
t   e  Se  of  17  years,  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army  as  a  pri- 
vate   and  sevedrom  that  time  to  the  close  of  the  war      Dunng 
ome  yars  after  the  surrender  he  taught  % -l^°°\^tmlying     nv 
nt  the  same  time,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1876.     Shoitly 
aft  rwS  1  e  Icgan  practice  at  Alexandria,  and  has  since  remained 
S  that  location      From  1892  to  18!)6  he  served  on  the  bench  as 
distS    udge     In  the  course  of  his  professional  career  he  has  also 
•ved  8  y  frs  as  district  attorney  and  occupied  the  o^iee  of  ma^o 
of  Alexandria    1881-82.     He  has  been  prominently  identified  ^Mth 
Jolticriaud  public  att'airs  throughout  the  period  ot  b.s  residence 
at  Alexandria.     In   1874  Judge   Andrews    was    married   to   Miss 


32  LOUISIANA 

Laura  Holt,  a  daughter  of  John  and  Catharine  Holt,  and  three 
children  have  been  born  to  their  union,  these  being  Laura,  wife 
of  Dr.  R.  0.  Simmons,  of  Alexandria;  James  R.  and  Elmore  L., 
of  Alexandria.  Judge  Andrews  occupies  a  prominent  position 
among  leading  attorneys  of  the  State  of  Louisiana. 

Atkins,  John  Baxter,  who  has  been  for  years  very  prominently 
identified  with  the  business  interests  of  Louisiana,  is  a  native  of 
Mississippi,  in  which  state  he  was  born,  in  Neshoba  county,  Feb. 
18,  1864.  His  parents  were  Joseph  Washington  and  Eleanor  (Sav- 
age) Atkins.  His  father  was  born  in  Virginia,  reared  in  Virginia 
and  Tennessee,  and  came  to  Jlississippi  when  a  young  man  of  30 
years,  and  married  a  native  of  Mississippi.  He  became  a  lawyer 
of  prominence  and  served  as  judge  of  his  county  for  many  years, 
and  for  many  years  was  also  engaged  in  planting.  He  removed 
from  Neshoba  to  Madison  county,  and  died  in  the  latter  at  the 
age  of  73  years.  From  the  age  of  8  to  20  years,  John  Baxter  Atkins 
was  reared  in  Madison  county,  Miss.,  where  he  attended  the  pub- 
lie  schools.  A  common  school  education  he  supplemented  with  a 
commercial  course  in  a  business  college  at  IMemphis,  and  in  1884 
Mr.  Atkins  became  a  resident  of  Louisiana.  He  located  at  Knox 
Point,  where  he  began  his  business  career  as  a  clerk  in  a  mercan- 
tile establishment,  but  it  was  not  long  after  that  we  find  him  in 
business  on  his  own  account.  Although  he  began  on  a  limited 
capital  as  a  merchant  at  Lake  End,  Red  River  parish,  IMr.  Atkins 
became  not  only  a  merchant  of  an  enormous  voh;me  of  business, 
bjit  a  grower  and  dealer  in  cotton,  ranking  among  the  leading 
cotton  planters  and  dealers  in  Louisiana,  but  the  boll  weevil  and 
a  very  damaging  flood,  business  reverses  came,  and  not  only  car- 
ried away  his  fortune,  liut  business,  and  after  a  successfiil  career 
of  25  years,  Mr.  Atkins  found  it  necessary  to  practically  begin 
anew  in  business;  but  with  the  fortitude  of  strong  character  he 
settled  up  his  business  at  Lake  End,  and  removed  in  1909  to  Shreve- 
port,  wliere  he  at  once  became  identified  with  business  interests 
in  a  prominent  way,  the  deserved  success  attending  his  business 
relations.  He  is  president  of  the  Caddo  Oil  refinery;  president  of 
the  Gardner  Carburetor  &  Brass  works ;  president  of  the  Louisi- 
ana Handle  factory,  and  closely  identified  with  several  other  business 
interests,  including  that  of  real  estate.  In  the  matter  of  polities, 
Mr.  Atkins  has  always  been  a  staunch  democrat;  bore  a  prominent 
part  in  the  movements  resulting  in  securing  for  Shreveport  the 
commission  form  of  government  and  in  the  removing  of  saloons 
from  the  city.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
Soiith,  and  is  prominently  identified  with  the  Masonic  fraternity. 
In  1889  IMr.  Atkins  and  IMiss  Alma  Foster  were  iinited  in  mar- 
riage and  unto  this  union  were  born  four  children.  Mrs.  Atkins 
is  the  daughter  of  Joshua  Foster,  a  prominent  educator  and  resi- 
dent of  Selma,  Ala.  She  was  born  in  Louisiana,  reared  and  edu- 
cated in  Loui.siana  and  Alabama. 

Augustin,  Leonce  Sumter,  was  born  in  New  Orleans  on  Oct.  23, 
1885,  tlio  sou  of  Paul  Sumter  and  Noemi  (Barbot)  Augustin.  He  re- 
ceived his  education  in  the  Notre  Dame  boys'  school,  conducted  by 
Reverend  Mother  Mary  Borgia,  of  the  Sisters  of  Mei'cy,  and  after- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  33 

wards  attended  the  College  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  graduating 
in  the  commercial  department  of  that  college  in  1905.  In  1902,  Paul 
Sumter  Augustin  was  called  on  to  teach  white  men  for  the  Civil  Serv- 
ice, and  Leonce  Sumter  Augustin  became  his  assistant.  In  1905,  Paul 
Sumter  Augustin  was  preventend  from  coaching  persons  for  the  Civil 
Service,  being  in  the  Service,  and  Leonce  Sumter  Augustin  then  conti- 
nued the  work.  In  1907,  when  the  Public  Night  School's  Civil  Service 
class  was  opened,  Leonce  Sumter  Augustin  applied  for,  and  secured, 
the  position  of  head  coach  in  the  work,  continuing  as  such  until  the 
fall  of  1913,  when  the  demands  on  his  time  as  the  head  of  the  Augustin 
commercial  college  required  his  abandoning  the  other  work.  In  1905, 
Leonce  Sumter  Augustin  became  engaged  as  assistant  bookkeeper  of 
the  Augustin  grocery,  continuing  as  such  until  the  business  was  closed 
in  1906.  He  then  devoted  all  his  attention  to  teaching,  and  began  to 
perfect  himself  in  English,  arithmetic,  stenography  and  bookkeeping. 
In  1912,  he  enrolled  in  the  teachers'  department  of  the  Gregg  short- 
hand school,  completing  this  course  in  a  very  short  time.  In  that  year, 
he  added  the  commercial  department,  and  the  name  of  the  institution 
bearing  his  name  (The  Augu.stin  College)  is  now  looked  upon  as  one  of 
the  best  of  its  line.  The  first  graduation  exercises  were  held  July  1, 
1913,  at  which  over  one  hundred  persons  attended  the  exercises. 
Leonce  Sumter  Augustin  has  no  political  adherence.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Holy  Name  and 
St.  Vincent  de  Paul  Societies.  On  June  8,  1910,  he  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Marie  Bayhi,  the  daughter  of  Eugene  Bayhi  and  the  late 
Emma  Tiblier.  There  are,  at  this  writing,  seven  assistant  teachers  and 
over  125  students  enrolled  in  the  college. 

Baker,  William  Chapman. — District  attorney,  Franklin,  St. 
Mary  pari.sh.  La.,  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Copiah  county,  near  Hazle- 
hurst.  Miss.,  June  6,  1878;  son  of  Everard  Green  Baker,  a  native  of 
Jefferson  county.  Miss.,  and  a  planter  and  farmer  of  Jefferson,  Panola, 
and  Copiah  counties  of  that  state.  The  father  served  in  the  Confed- 
erate Army  from  the  beginning  to  the  end  of  the  civil  war,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  a  Mississippi  regiment.  He  was  a  graduate  of  Bardstown  Uni- 
versity, Kentucky,  and  a  man  of  unusual  culture  and  refinement.  His 
fortune,  like  that  of  many  others  of  the  time,  was  greatly  depleted  by 
the  ravages  of  the  civil  war.  The  father  died  in  March,  1889.  Everard 
Green  Baker  was  married  to  Miss  Sally  Plemming,  a  daughter  of 
John  Flemming,  who  came  from  Scotland  and  located  in  Adams  coun- 
ty. Miss.,  where  he  had  large  land  interests  which  are  yet  in  the  fam- 
ily. Sally,  his  daughter,  mother  of  William  Chapman  Baker,  was  born 
in  Adams  county.  Miss.,  and  is  at  this  time  living  at  Hazlehurst,  that 
State.  Everard  Green  Baker  was  twice  married,  his  first  marriage 
haying  been  ■'o  Miss  Laura  Alexander.  Five  children  resulted  from 
this  first  union,  three  sons  and  two  daughters.  To  his  second  marriage 
fourteen  children  were  born.  Fifteen  of  the  father's  children  grew  to 
maturity,  and  thirteen  are  living  at  this  time.  William  Chapman 
Baker,  who  was  so  named  for  a  Grand  Rapids,  Mich.,  cousin  of  his 
father,  attended  a  country  school,  one-and-a-half  miles  from  his  home, 
for  two  short  terms — nine  months  in  all.  When  thirteen  years  old  he 
ran  away  from  home,  making  his  way  to  Raymond,  Miss.,  where  a 
brother-in-law,  W.  W.  Dawning  by  name,  held  the  ofiBce  of  Clerk  of 
III— 3 


34  LOUISIANA 

the  County  com-t.  The  lad  became  a  elevk  iu  the  store  of  J.  S.  Arm- 
strong, and  there  remained  until  Sep.  21,  1896,  when  he  secured  the 
position  of  overseer  on  the  plantation  of  J.  K.  G.  Kitridge,  in  As- 
sumption parish,  La.,  occupying  this  place  until  the  autumn  of  1899. 
At  the  latter  date  he  removed  to  St.  Mary  parish,  accepting  a  place  as 
assistant  overseer  to  J.  E.  Munson,  who  was  overseer  for  L.  S.  Clark, 
on  what  is  now  the  Lagenda  Plantation,  near  Patterson.  He  continued 
in  this  latter  place  until  June  1901,  when  he  was  commissioned  as  man- 
ager for  Capt.  J.  N.  Pharr,  on  Faiiwiew  Plantation,  for  one  year,  fol- 
lowing this  with  a  summer  vacation  spent  visiting  relatives.  In  the 
autumn  of  1902,  Mr.  Baker  entered  the  ofSce  of  Judge  Charles 
O'Neill,  at  Franklin,  now  associate  Justice  of  the  State  Supreme  court 
and  began  the  study  of  law.  After  six  months  of  study  his  finances  be- 
came so  low  that  he  was  forced  to  seek  some  means  for  replenishing 
his  pocketbook,  and  securing  a  notarial  commission  he  went  to  Morgan 
City  and  opened  an  offlee  as  a  notary  public.  The  notary  business 
proved  equal  to  the  occasion,  and  all  time  that  was  not  re(|uired  for 
making  affidavits  he  frugally  applied  to  the  private  study  of  his  law 
books.  This  progressed  so  well  that  some  time  during  the  winter  of 
1905  he  passed  an  examination  before  a  committee  of  the  Opelousas 
Bar  Association,  and  in  March  of  1906  was  examined  before  the  su- 
preme court  and  obtained  a  certificate  entitling  him  to  practice  law. 
He  at  once  became  a  practicing  attorney  of  Morgan  City,  and  resided 
there  until  Jan.  1,  1909,  when  his  office  was  changed  to  Franklin.  In 
1908  Mr.  Baker  was  a  candidate  for  the  state  legislature,  but  failed 
to  poll  a  sufficient  number  of  votes  to  put  him  in  the  house  of  represen- 
tatives. In  1912  he  became  a  candidate  for  the  office  of  district  at- 
torney, and  was  elected  without  opposition.  Sept.  20,  1904,  Mr.  Baker 
was  married  to  Miss  Eva  Gray,  a  daughter  of  C.  S.  Gray  of  Morgan 
City,  La.  They  have  one  child,  Everard  Winchester,  born  July  26, 
1905.  Mr.  Baker  is  an  independent  democrat,  and  a  member  of  the 
Episcopal  church. 

Bakewell,  Rev.  Alexander  Gordon. — Residence,  1619  South  Ram- 
part street.  New  Orleans,  La. — Was  born  at  Louisville,  Ky.,  Dec.  16, 
1822;  son  of  Thomas  Woodhouse  and  Elizabeth  Rankin  (Page)  Bake- 
well,  l)oth  of  whom  were  born  iu  England,  and  came  to  the  United 
States  about  the  beginning  of  the  nineteenth  century.  The  paternal 
and  maternal  grandparents,  William  Bakewell  and  Beniamin  Page, 
established  the  first  ghissmaking  plant  in  the  United  States,  at  Pitts- 
burg, Pa.,  in  1808,  and  this  jiroperty  remained  in  the  family  until 
quite  recently.  Au  ancestor,  whose  name  also  was  William  Bakewell, 
was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  science  of  geologv'.  He  lived  in  P]ng- 
land.  Another  of  the  family  ancestors  occupied  the  office  of  Lord 
Mayor  of  London,  and  it  was  he  who,  upon  a  memorable  occasion,  sup- 
plied means  to  Charles  II.  Members  of  the  Bakewell  family  were  in 
banking  business  in  London  during  many  generations.  In  1808  Thomas 
Woodhouse  Bakewell,  the  father,  moved  to  New  Orleans  and  there 
established  himself  in  mercantile  business,  which  he  continued  until 
the  beginning  of  the  war  of  1812,  when  he  moved  to  Louisville.  Ky. 
While  living  in  the  latter  city  he  built  the  first  steamboat  to  ply  be- 
tween Louisville  and  New  Orleans.  Later  he  moved  to  Covington, 
Ky.,  and  from  there  to  Cincinnati,  where  his  death  occurred.   His  pro- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  35 

fession  was  that  of  a  shipbuilder  and  foimdryman.  Alexander  Gor- 
don Bakewell  was  educated  at  Elizabeth  college,  Island  of  Guernsey. 
In  early  life  he  was  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits,  having  received 
a  commercial  education  in  the  house  of  Francisco  de  Lizardi,  at  New 
Orleans,  with  which  business  he  became  associated  in  1839,  upon  his 
return  from  college.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted  as 
orderly  sergeant  and  lay  reader  in  Company  Five,  Washington  ar- 
tillery, and  on  March  6,  1862,  went  to  the  front.  He  took  part  in  the 
battle  of  Shiloh,  and  in  all  the  engagements  from  Dalton  down  to  At- 
lanta. After  having  been  honorably  discharged  from  the  Confederate 
service,  he  re-entered  the  army  of  the  Confederacy  as  chaplain,  with 
a  commission  from  the  Confederate  States  Government,  and  was  as- 
signed to  duty  in  the  Seventh  and  Twenty-Eig'ht  Mississippi  battal- 
ions at  Snyder's  Bluff,  near  Vicksburg.  In  this  connection  he  served 
throughout  the  siege  of  Vicksburg,  and  after  the  surrender  of  the 
army  there  was  paroled.  After  exchange  he  served  with  his  command 
as  above  stated  to  the  close  of  the  war  and  was  paroled  at  the  sur- 
render of  the  army  of  the  Tennessee,  at  Gainesville,  Ala.,  May  12, 
1865.  He  then  returned  to  New  Orleans,  where  he  has  since  lived,  with 
the  exception  of  15  years  passed  in  the  parishes  of  East  and  West 
Feliciana,  La.  He  was  ordained  as  Deacon  in  the  Protestant  Epis- 
copal church  by  Bishop  Wilmer,  of  Alabama,  May  13,  1864,  aud  or- 
dained as  Priest  by  the  same  bisliop.  May  7,  1S65.  Upon  his  return 
to  New  Orleans  after  the  war,  he  took  c'harge  of  Mt.  Olivet  chui'ch, 
Algiers,  where  he  remained  during  several  years.  Following  this  he 
was  rector  of  the  church  at  Clinton,  La.,  during  three  years,  and 
thereafter  Rector  of  Grace  church,  St.  Francisville,  La.,  until  1884, 
when  he  took  charge  of  Trinity  chapel,  New  Orleans,  where  he  has 
since  remained,  being  at  this  time  incumbent  of  that  charge.  Rev. 
Bakewell  is  affiliated  with  the  democratic  party.  He  is  a  Master  Ma- 
son and  chaplain  of  Alpha  Home  Lodge,  Free  and  Accepted  Masons. 
Also,  he  is  chaplain-general  of  the  United  Confederate  veterans,  Lou- 
isiana division.  In  1847  A.  Gordon  Bakewell  was  married  to  Miss 
Sophie  Cuvellier,  daughter  of  Charles  and  Virginia  (Coigner)  Cu- 
vellier  of  New  Orleans,  La.,  and  three  children  have  been  born  to 
their  union,  namely:  Theore  H.,  Emma,  and  Annie  Bakewell,  the 
first  aud  last-named  of  whom  are  now  deceased. 

Barbe,  Judge  Alfred  Michael,  district  judge  of  the  Fifteenth  Judi- 
cial district  of  Louisiana,  resident  at  Lake  Charles,  was  born  at 
the  old  family  home,  on  the  south  side  of  Lake  Charles,  La.,  Jan. 
29,  1S78 ;  son  of  Charvais  Barbe,  who  was  born  at  Paris,  France,  in 
1835,  and  came  to  America  in  1853,  landing  at  Galveston,  Tex.,  where 
a  first  cousin.  Bishop  Oden,  first  Bishop  of  the  Diocese  of  Galveston, 
then  lived.  Shortly  thereafter  he  located  in  Calcasieu  parish.  La.,  and 
there  entered  the  service  of  Amedee  Pujo,  later  becoming  his  partner 
inbusiness  at  Rose  Bluff.  He  married  his  partner's  oldest  daughter. 
Miss  Clara  Pujo.  During  the  Civil  war  he  was  taken  by  the  Federal 
soldiers  to  New  Orleans,  as  a  prisoner,  although  he  was  not  serving 
as  a  soldier,  and  while  in  the  latter  city  he  began  the  study  of  medi- 
cine, at  the  Charity  hospital,  from  which  institution  in  due  time  he 
gi-aduated  and  later  began  practice  on  Bayou  Lafourche.  After  a 
time,  however,  he  returned  to  Lake  Charles,  and  during  the  recon- 


36  LOUISIANA 

struction  period  served  as  postmaster  of  that  cit,y.  Some  time  later 
lie  purchased  the  Piijo  store,  and  for  a  time  conducted  this  hiisiness. 
He  served,  also,  as  parish  assessor.  During  his  later  years  he  lived  in 
retirement  at  the  old  home  place,  Shell  Beach,  an  eighteeu-hundred- 
acre  property,  where  his  widow  now  resides.  Ten  children  were  born 
to  their  union,  eight  of  whom  are  living  at  this  time,  as  follow :  Con- 
stance, Claudia,  Clarence,  Henrietta,  Alfred  Michael,  Paul  J.,  Louis 
D.,  and  Ernest.  Alfred  Michael  Barbe  received  his  earlier  education 
in  the  convent  of  the  Sisters  of  the  Holy  Cross,  at  Lake  Charles.  In 
1897  he  graduated  from  the  Saint  Louis  college,  San  Antonio,  Tex., 
with  the  degree  of  A.  B.,  following  which  he  studied  law  in  the  ofifices 
of  A.  R.  Mitchell  during  one  year,  and  then  entered  the  law  school  of 
Tulane  university,  New  Orleans,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the 
class  of  1900.  During  the  time  of  his  attendance  at  Tulane  he  served 
as  secretary  to  Justice  N.  C.  Blanchard,  of  the  Louisiana  supreme 
court.  In  tlie  same  year  in  which  his  professional  education  was  com- 
pleted, he  ))egan  the  practice  of  law  at  Lake  Charles,  where  he  has 
.since  remained  resident  and  devoted  his  abilities  to  the  interests  of 
his  clients.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  affili- 
ates with  the  democratic  party.  In  1901  he  was  elected  as  one  of  the 
two  judges  of  the  Fifteenth  Judicial  district,  comprising  Allen,  Beau- 
regard, Calcasieu,  Cameron,  and  Jefferson  Davis  parishes.  His  oppo- 
nents in  this  contest  were  Joseph  Moore,  A.  R.  Mitchell,  J.  S.  Too- 
mer,  and  R.  M.  Oden,  all  recognized  as  strong  men.  Judge  Barbe  is 
a  thoroug'h  sportsman,  and  passes  most  of  his  spare  time  in  fishing 
and  hunting,  both  of  which  sports  are  excellent  in  this  part  of  Loii- 
isiana.  Judge  Barbe  is  a  descendant  of  two  of  the  oldest  and  most 
distinguished  families  in  Louisiana,  and  is  a  worthy  representative 
of  his  ancestors. 

Barret,  Hon.  Thomas  C,  lieutenant-governor  of  Louisiana,  is  a 
splendid  type  of  self-made  citizen.  He  has  been  honored  with  many 
positions  of  public  trust,  and  has  a  place  in  the  front  ranks  of  the 
prominent  and  successful  men  of  the  bar  of  Louisiana.  In  every  re- 
sponsibility of  life,  public  or  private,  Jlr.  Barret  has  acquitted  him- 
self admiral)ly.  He  has  won  public  esteem  as  much  for  the  exemplary 
character  of  liis  private  citizenship  as  for  the  value  to  the  interests  of 
the  people  of  his  public  service.  Thomas  C.  Barret  was  born  in  1860. 
His  father  was  W.  W.  Barret,  a  native  of  Virginia.  His  mother's  an- 
cestors were  pioneers  in  the  work  of  freeing  Texas.  Their  names  are 
perpetuated  in  the  names  of  the  towns  and  counties  of  that  state,  such 
as  Leander  Smith,  Thomas  J.  Rusk  and  others.  W.  W.  Barret,  the 
father,  was  a  major  of  cavalry  in  the  Confederate  service  and  was 
among  the  last  to  surrender  with  Kir])y  Smith's  corps.  Mr.  Barret 
took  his  law  course  at  Tulane  university,  New  Orleans,  then  the  Uni- 
versity of  Louisiana ;  was  admitted  to  the  bar  by  examination  before 
the  supreme  court  in  1886  and  has  been  a  practitioner  at  the  Shreve- 
port  bar  ever  since.  Up  to  1896  Mr.  Barret  held  tlie  offices  of  treasurer 
of  the  Caddo  parish  school  board,  and  parish  treasurer.  In  that 
year  he  was  chosen  state  senator  from  his  district,  and  served  in  that 
capacity  continuously  for  sixteen  years.  In  1908  Mr.  Barret  was 
elected  president  pro  teni  of  the  State  Senate.  He  was  a  member  of 
tlie  port  investigation  commission,  which  did  so  much  for  the  import 


BIOGRAPHICAL  37 

and  export  trade  of  New  Orleans ;  served  for  many  years  as  chairman 
of  the  Senate's  Finance  Committee,  and  was  an  important  factor  in 
bringing  before  the  Interstate  Commerce  Commission  the  question  of 
removing  the  ban  of  Texas  against  Louisiana  commerce.  In  the  elec- 
tion of  1812  Mr.  Barret  was  chosen  Lieut.-Governor.  He  presides 
over  the  Senate  by  virtue  of  that  important  office,  and  is  a  member  of 
the  important  State  Pardon  Board. 

Barrow,  Sidney  Conroy,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  member  of  the  med- 
ical profession  at  Shreveport,  is  a  native  of  West  Feliciana  par- 
ish, La.,  where  he  was  born  Nov.  22,  1876,  the  son  of  Hilliard  B. 
Barrow  and  Mary  Charlotte  (Smith)  Barrow,  both  natives  of  the 
above  parish.  William  Barrow,  the  great-grandfather  of  Dr.  Bar- 
row, was  the  first  of  the  family  to  come  to  Louisiana,  he  and  three 
of  his  brothers  moving  from  North  Carolina  about  the  same  time, 
all  settling  in  West  Feliciana  parish.  Bennett  H.  Barrow,  the 
grandfather  of  Dr.  Barrow,  was  a  planter,  which  has  been  the 
occupation  of  most  of  the  family.  Hilliard  B.  Barrow,  his  father, 
also  a  planter,  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  and  fought  valiantly 
for  the  cause  of  the  Confederacy  during  the  entire  struggle.  He 
is  the  father  of  4  sons  and  2  daughters,  all  of  whom  were  reared 
amid  the  scenes  of  plantation  life.  Dr.  Barrow  was  educated  in 
Centenary  college,  at  Jackson,  La.,  from  which  institution  he  grad- 
uated in  the  class  of  1896.  He  then  taught  school  for  2  years,  and 
in  order  to  prepare  himself  for  the  medical  profession,  entered  the 
Memphis  Hospital  IMedieal  college,  Memphis,  Tenn.,  and  received 
his  degree  of  M.  D.  in  1901.  For  the  next  5  years  he  successfully 
practiced  medicine  at  Torras,  La.,  and  then  he  took  up  post-grad- 
uate work  in  the  School  of  Physical  Therapeutics,  New  York  City, 
and  in  1906  located  at  Shreveport,  where  he  has  won  an  enviable 
reputation  as  a  specialist  in  physical  therapeutics.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Shreveport  and  Loiiisiana  State  Medical  societies,  of  the 
American  Electro-Therapeutic  society.  Fraternally  he  is  a  Master 
Mason.  In  1902  he  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  May  Allain  of 
West  Feliciana  parish.  They  have  one  child  living,  a  daughter 
named  Sidney. 

Barry,  James  Edward,  of  Crowley,  La.,  the  dean  of  the  bar  of 
Acadia  parish,  and  the  oldest,  in  years  of  practice,  among  the  law- 
yers of  the  district,  was  born  Jan.  19,  1844,  in  Bossier  parish;  the 
son  of  Edward  Barry,  who  came  to  Louisiana  from  Norfolk,  Va., 
(where  he  was  born  in  1808)  and  after  passing  some  time  in  Texas, 
settled  in  Bossier  parish.  La.,  about  1838.  He  had  practiced  law 
in  his  native  state,  but  taught  school  for  some  time  in  Texas  before 
locating  at  Minden,  La.,  which  was  on  the  parish  line  between  Bossier 
and  Claiborne  parishes.  Later,  removing  to  Columbia,  La.,  he  was 
elected  district  attorney,  and  later,  district  .iudge  for  the  parishes 
of  Catahoula,  Caldwell  and  Franklin,  serving  during  8  years.  Ed- 
ward Barry  was  a  widower  when  he  left  Virginia.  A  few  years  after 
locating  in  Bossier  parish,  he  contracted  a  second  marriage  with 
Miss  Martha  Fletcher,  a  native  of  Chautauqua  county,  N.  Y.,  who 
died  in  Caldwell  pai'ish,  in  1889,  in  her  71st  year.  After  leaving 
the  bench.  Judge  Barry  resumed  the  practice  of  law,  and  died  in 
1867,  in  Caldwell  parish.    His  father,  James  Barry,  had  emigrated 


38  LOUISIANA 

from  Ireland  to  Virginia,  and  was  a  merchant.  James  Edward 
Barry,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  educated  in  private  schools 
in  Caldwell  parish.  In  1863  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army, 
as  a  private  in  Company  C,  3d  La.  volunteer  cavalry,  serving  in 
the  division  west  of  the  Mississippi  river,  for  the  greater  part  of . 
his  enlistment,  in  the  commissary  department  until  the  close  of 
the  Civil  war.  He  was  paroled  at  Alexandria,  then  went  back 
home,  and  engaged  in  various  occupations,  including  2  years  as 
a  farmer  in  Caldwell  parish.  Henry  Clay  Warmoth,  at  that  time 
governor  of  Louisiana,  appointed  Mr.  Barry  to  be  clerk  of  court, 
filling  an  unexpired  term  of  3  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  he 
was  elected  for  4  more  years.  While  occupying  the  ofiSce  of  parish 
judge,  which  was'  abolished  by  the  state  constitution  of  1879,  he 
passed  an  examination  before  the  supreme  court,  and  was  adndtted 
to  the  practice  of  law  in  1881.  In  Caldwell  parish.  Judge  Barry 
was  parish  treasurer,  and  also  served  as  president  of  the  parish 
school  board.  Having  been  impressed  by  the  glowing  accounts  of 
prosperity  in  the  recently-created  parish  of  Acadia,  he  removed 
to  Crowley  in  1886,  and  the  following  year  his  family  joined  him. 
As  advisor  to  the  police  jury  he  tirst  made  his  entry  into  public 
life  in  Acadia  parish,  and  in  1889  was  elected  superintendent  of  the 
parish  public  schools,  a  position  he  filled  with  great  ability  for  17 
years,  laying  the  foundation  for  the  excellent  .system  now  in  vogue. 
The  schools  grew  in  number;  the  standard  for  teachers  was  im- 
proved, and  modern  methods  were  introduced.  While  serving  as 
superintendent.  Judge  Barry  was  elected  mayor  of  Crowley  for 
1  term.  It  was  during  his  administration  that  the  waterworks 
system  and  standpipe  were  constructed.  In  1875,  occurred  the 
marriage  of  Judge  Barry  and  Miss  Mary  Ijongmire,  born  in  East 
Feliciana.  Their  family  consisted  of  11  children,  6  of  whom  are 
living :  J.  Frank,  residing  at  Crowley ;  Mary  Celeste,  wife  of 
Frank  A.  Nassans,  of  New  Orleans ;  Louis  B.,  of  Katy,  Tex. ;  Amy 
L.,  Kate,  and  Joseph  B.  Barry,  residing  at  Crowley.  Judge  Barry 
is  affiliated  with  the  democratic  party,  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Koman  Catholic  church. 

Bath,  Abraham  E.,  cashier  of  the  Merchants'  &  Farmers'  bank, 
of  Natchitoches,  La.,  was  born  at  Natchitoches,  March  7,  1878; 
son  of  Hyman  and  Emily  (May)  Bath.  In  early  manhood  Hyman 
Bath  emigrated  from  Germany  to  Louisiana  and  established  him- 
self in  Natchitoches  as  a  merchant.  His  wife,  a  native  of  Louisi- 
ana, is  still  living,  but  Mr.  Bath  died  when  about  63  years  of  age. 
The  subject  of  this  biography  was  educated  in  public  primary  and 
grammar  schools  of  his  native  town,  and  completed  his  studies 
at  the  Louisiana  State  Normal  school,  Natchitoches,  graduating  in 
1898.  After  teaching  school  for  5  years,  Mr.  Bath  was  elected, 
in  1906,  superintendent  of  the  parish  schools.  He  held  that  po- 
sition during  7  years,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  cashiership 
of  the  Merchants  &  Farmers'  bank,  which  was  organized  in  1913, 
with  a  capital  of  $50,000,  to  do  a  general  banking  business.  Judge 
W.  T.  Cunningham  is  ])resident  of  the  bank,  Jeff  Deblieu,  first  vice- 
president,  and  Abraliam  E.  Bath,  cashier.  In  the  preliminary  work 
of  launching  the  bank,  Mr.  Bath  took  a  very  active  part,  and  he  is 


BIOGRAPHICAL  39 

proud  of  the  distinction  of  having  been  chosen  to  fill  the  respon- 
sible position  'he  now  holds  in  the  prosperous  financial  institution 
created  and  conducted  by  home  capital  and  prominent  citizens  of 
Natchitoches.  In  ilasonic  circles,  ilr.  Bath  is  affiliated  with  the 
Ro.yal  Arch  chapter.  His  marriage  to  ]\Iiss  Ethel  Smith,  a  native 
of  Natchitoches,  daughter  of  S.  J.  and  Sarah  (Reynolds)  Smith, 
was  solemnized  in  1907.  Mrs.  Bath  was  reared  and  educated  in 
'her  native  town.  One  son,  Joseph  Reynolds  Bath,  has  come  to 
bless  the  home. 

Battle,  Rev.  Charles  Alexander,  son  of  C.  W.  Battle,  a  native  of 
CuUoden,  Ga.,  and  Laura  D.  (Thompson)  Battle,  was  born  in  Cul- 
loden,  Ga.,  April  8,  1882.  The  Battle  family  lived  in  the  same  lit- 
tle Georgia  town  for  generations,  and  were  very  prominent  people 
there  before  the  Civil  war.  C.  W.  Battle  was  a  planter  and  cotton 
merchant  most  of  his  business  life,  but  also  conducted  a  general 
mercantile  establishment  in  Alexander  City,  Ala.,  from  1900  to 
1903,  and  then  returned  to  his  native  town  in  Georgia  and  con- 
tinued his  old  line.  Laura  D.  Thompson  was  the  daughter  of  C. 
A.  Thompson,  of  Perry,  Ga.  She  was  married  to  Mr.  Battle,  Dec. 
30,  1880,  and  died  Feb.  27,  1894.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  C.  "W.  Battle  were 
the  parents  of  5  sons,  viz. :  C.  A.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Wil- 
liam R.,  Calvin  "W.,  Jr.,  Buford  D.  and  Laurie  I.  H.  Charles  A. 
Battle  spent  his  youth  in  Culloden,  Ga.,  until  16  years  of  age.  Dur- 
ing 9  years  of  this  time,  he  pursued  the  studies  of  common  school, 
and  then  went  to  Emory  College,  at  Oxford,  Ga.,  for  a  short  time 
and  afterward  attended  and  graduated  at  Young  Harris  college, 
in  1901,  Avith  the  degree  B.  A.,  when  19  years  old.  He  was  then 
for  some  time  at  the  head  of  the  store  in  Alexander  City,  Ala. 
After  the  family  moved  back  to  Culloden,  Ga.,  Mr.  Battle  went  to 
Vanderbilt  university,  which  he  left  in  1907  and  received  from 
that  institution  the  degree  B.  D.  He  also  took  some  work  in  the 
University  of  Chicago.  In  Dec,  1907,  he  entered  the  Louisiana 
conference  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  South,  and  was 
appointed  pastor  at  Jennings,  La.,  which  church  he  served  3 
years.  Then  he  went  to  the  church  at  Lafayette  for  one  year,  when 
'he  was  called  to  the  Felicity  Street  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
in  New  Orleans,  where  he  has  been  for  2-  years  as  pastor.  Mr. 
Battle  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order.  He  was  married  Sept. 
2,  1909,  to  Miss  Annie  Laura  of  Lafayette,  Ala.,  daughter  of  Zach 
Schiiessler,  a  leading  merchant  in  that  town,  who  died  in  1909, 
leaving  a  large  estate  to  his  family.  Mr.  and  IMrs.  Battle  have 
one  son,  Charles  A.,  Jr. 

Beer,  Ferdinand,  president  of  the  New  Orleans  &  Central  Amer- 
ican Trading  Co.,  limited,  was  born  in  Germany,  April  8,  1845 ; 
came  to  America  at  an  early  age,  and  while  yet  a  young  man  be- 
came engaged  in  the  dry  goods  business  in  the  City  of  New  Or- 
leans. This  business  prospered,  and  he  continued  conducting  it 
about  10  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  time  he  disposed  of  the 
dry  goods  business  and  became  identified  with  cotton  interests, 
remaining  in  this  latter  connection  a  number  of  years.  He  then 
organized  tlie  New  Orleans  &  Central  American  Trading  Co.,  lim- 


40  LOUISIANA 

ited,  was  made  president  of  the  company,  and  remained  in  this 
executive  position  until  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  at 
New  Orleans,  Jan.  22,  1909.  It  was  in  his  active  executive  con- 
nection with  this  latter  company  that  Mr.  Beer  found  his  most 
important  life  work,  and  it  was  largely  through  his  sagacious 
leadership  and  instrumentality,  backed  by  his  boundless  energy 
and  far-reaching  activities,  that  this  corporation  became  known 
as  one  of  the  most  prominently  aggressive  of  the  various  combina- 
tions and  commercial  institutions  engaged  in  Central  American 
trade  and  the  settlement  of  Central  American  states.  So  promi- 
nent did  he  become  in  connection  with  this  great  commercial  work, 
and  so  highly  appreciated  were  the  practical  benefits  of  his  in- 
telligently-directed efforts,  that  When  the  news  of  his  death 
reached  Bluefields,  Nicaragua,  which  had  been  his  Central  Amer- 
ican headquarters,  the  leading  business  men  of  that  city  called 
a  public  meeting  at  the  principal  club  house,  at  which  appropri- 
ately appreciative  resolutions  were  adopted  and  embodied  in  a 
fitting  memorial,  which  was  forwarded  to  the  family  at  New  Or- 
leans. At  the  same  time  every  business  place  in  the  city  of  Blue- 
fields  was  closed  for  the  day,  as  a  fitting  mark  of  respect  to  the 
memory  of  Ferdinand  Beer.  It  was  during  the  earlier  part  of  Mr. 
Beer's  active  business  career  that  he  was  married  to  Miss  Emma 
Friedlander,  a  daughter  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Samuel  Friedlander,  of 
New  Orleans.  To  this  union  5  children  were  born,  3  sons,  Alfred, 
Victor,  Scott  E.,  and  Joseph  W.,  and  2  daughters.  Lea,  now  Mrs. 
Samuel  H.  Stern,  and  Clara,  now  ]\Irs.  W.  J.  Voges,  all  of  New 
Orleans.  Messrs.  Alfred  Victor  and  Joseph  W.  Beer  succeeded  to 
the  management  of  their  father's  Central  American  business  fol- 
lowing his  death,  and  continued  in  this  joint  management  until 
the  business  had  been  fully  liquidated,  when  Joseph  W.  Beer  en- 
tered the  same  line  of  business  on  his  own  account,  and  has  so 
continued  to  this  time,  while  Alfred  Victor  Beer  then  entered  upon 
and  has  remained  actively  engaged  in  the  export  and  commission 
business,  both  gentlemen  maintaining  offices  and  general  head- 
quarters in  the  City  of  New  Orleans,  where  the  last-named  of  the 
two  enjoys  the  distinction  of  being  Danish  consul  to  Nicaragua. 
He  is  affiliated  with  the  congregation  of  Temple  Sinai,  at  New  Or- 
leans, and  is  a  member  of  Bluefields  Lodge,  No.  875,  Free  and  Ac- 
cepted Masons;  New  Orleans  Lodge  of  the  Benevolent  &  Protec- 
tive Order  of  Elks,  and  Crescent  City  Lodge,  No.  182,  Indepen- 
dent Order  of  B'Nai  Brith.  Scott  E.  Beer,  after  completing  his 
education  at  Tnlaue  and  Harvard  universities,  entered  upon  the 
practice  of  law  in  the  City  of  New  Orleans,  where  he  has  built  up 
a  gratifyingly  desirable  clientele  and  is  accorded  general  recog- 
nition as  an  able  member  of  the  bar.  Scott  E.  Beer  married  Miss 
Amalia  "Wolfson,  of  Columbus,  Ga.,  and  they  have  one  daiighter, 
Clara  May.  Joseph  W.  Beer  is  a  prominent  member  of  the  various 
Masonic  bodies  of  New  Orleans,  as  well  as  the  Benevolent  &  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks,  and  several  other  popular  fraternal  organ- 
izations, and  holds  membership  in  both  Temple  Sinai  and  Touro 
Synagogue.  His  wife  formerly  was  Miss  Beulah  Strauss,  a  daugh- 
ter of  JMr.  and  IMrs.  Leoj^old  Strauss,  of  Mobile,  Ala.     They  have 


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Mayor,  New  Orleans 


BIOGRAPHICAL  41 

2  sons,  namely :    John  Strauss  and  Ferdinand.    Alfred  Victor  Beer 
at  this  time  is  unmarried. 

Behrman,  Hon.  Martin,  mayor  of  the  City  of  New  Orleans,  was 
born  in  New  York  City,  Oct.  14,  1864;  son  of  Henry  and  Fredreca 
Behrman.  His  parents  removed  to  New  Orleans  in  the  year  1865, 
when  the  son  was  less  than  1  year  old.  Soon  afterward  the  father 
died,  the  mother  surviving  only  until  the  boy  had  attained  his 
12th  year,  at  which  early  period  in  life  the  lad  was  thrown  upon 
his  own  resources  and  began  the  battle  on  his  own  account.  His 
educational  advantages  were  thus  limited  to  some  attendance  at 
the  public  schools,  and  shortly  following  the  death  of  his  mother, 
the  young  man  began  his  business  career  as  clerk  in  a  retail  gro- 
cery store.  Some  time  later,  by  diligence  and  enterprise,  he  ad- 
vanced in  the  scale  of  employment  to  a  position  in  a  wholesale 
grocery  house,  and  finally,  at  the  age  of  19,  he  became  a  trav- 
eling salesman.  During  the  succeeding  2  years  he  sold  groceries 
on  the  road.  IMeantime  the  young  salesman  had  extended  his  ac- 
qviaintance,  and  had  become  somewhat  popular  among  men  of  in- 
fluential connections,  and  ultimately  he  was  appointed  a  deputy 
assessor  of  the  fifth  district  of  the  City  of  New  Orleans.  He  filled 
this  position  with  conspicuous  energy  and  fidelity  4  years,  fol- 
lowing which  the  deputy  was  advanced  to  the  position  of  assessor 
for  the  district.  This  station  was  filled  in  a  like  satisfactory  man- 
ner, and  the  assessor  next  became  president  of  the  board  of  asses- 
sors for  a  term  of  4  years.  Following  this,  in  1892,  he  became  clerk 
of  the  city  council,  remaining  encumbent  of  this  office  4  years.  In 
April,  1904,  Mr.  Behrman  was  elected  state  auditor,  and  entered 
upon  the  duties  of  this  important  position,  which  he  filled  with  his 
u.siial  ability  until  the  date  of  resignation  to  become  mayor  of  the 
City  of  New  Orleans,  to  which  trust  he  was  elected  in  Dec,  1904. 
Mayor  Behrman  was  reelected  to  succeed  himself  in  1908,  and 
again  in  1912,  being  now  serving  his  third  term.  He  was  the  last 
to  be  elected  mayor  under  the  old  convention  plan,  the  first  under 
the  primary  system,  and  first  under  the  commission  form  of  city 
government.  He  was  a  member  of  the  city  school  board  from  1892 
to  1896,  inclusive,  and  for  8  years  was  chairman  of  the  democratic 
congressional  central  committee  for  the  1st  congressional  district 
of  Louisiana.  He  served  as  a  delegate-at-large  from  Louisiana  to 
the  democratic  national  conventions  of  1908  and  1912,  being  chair- 
man of  his  state  delegation  in  1908.  In  1887  Mayor  Behrman  was 
married  to  i\Iiss  Julia  Collins,  of  Cincinnati,  0.  The  mayor  is  a 
member  of  several  fraternal  orders,  such  as  the  Knights  of  Co- 
lumbus, Knights  of  Honor,  Benevolent  &  Protective  Order  of  Elks, 
the  Young  Men's  Gymnastic  club,  tlie  French  Opera  club,  the 
Choctaw  club.  Chess,  Checkers  &  Whist,  Southern  Yacht  club, 
German  Benevolent  association,  Driiids,  Woodmen  of  the  World, 
and  other  fraternal  and  social  organizations.  Of  fine  physique, 
pleasing  personality,  genial  manner  and  graceful  bearing,  easy  of 
approach,  and  always  ready  to  lend  a  hearty  and  efficient  coopera- 
tion in  any  worthy  or  commendable  enterprise,  enjoying  a  pe- 
culiarly secure  place  in  the  confidence  of  the  public  and  the  well- 
merited  esteem  of  the  common  people,  it  is  in  no  wise  difficult  to 


42  LOUISIANA 

account  for  Mayor  Behrman's  steady  climb  from  near-dependence 
and  obscurity  to  a  position  of  security  and  eminence  among  his 
fellowmen,  and  it  is  entirely  within  tlie  range  of  probabilities  that 
this  broad-minded,  conscientious,  and  able  citizen  will  yet  attain 
even  greater  honors  at  the  hands  of  the  people  whose  interests  he 
has  guarded  in  so  eminently  satisfactory  a  manner. 

Belden,  J.  Webster,  M.  D.,  successful  and  widely  known  physi- 
cian of  New  Orleans,  is  the  son  of  Dr.  James  G.  and  Arabella  E. 
(Treat)  Belden,  and  was  born  in  this  city,  Oct.  10,  1856.  His 
father,  for  many  years  a  physician  of  high  standing,  was  a  native 
of  Moscow,  N.  Y.,  and  his  mother  was  born  at  Palmyra,  that  state. 
The  Belden  family,  of  English  descent,  can  boast  of  an  American 
citizenship  of  nearly  3  centuries,  dating  from  the  year  1640.  Dr. 
Belden 's  great  grandfather,  John  Belden,  was  an  officer  in  the 
American  army  during  the  Revolutionary  war.  His  great  grand- 
mother, Ann  Webster,  was  a  sister  of  Noali  Webster,  the  eminent 
American  lexicographer.  His  grandfather,  Ebenezer  Belden,  with 
Noah  Webster,  his  uncle,  was  the  publisher  of  Webster's  diction- 
ary, Webster's  spelling  book,  and  a  daily  newspajjer  in  New  York 
City,  the  first  daily  paper  issued  in  this  country.  Though  not  a 
politician.  Dr.  James  G.  Belden  was  elected  state  treasurer  of  Lou- 
isiana in  1864.  For  nearly  half  a  century  he  was  a  prominent  fig- 
ure in  the  social  and  professional  life  of  New  Orleans,  and  followed 
here  a  long  and  honorable  career.  Dr.  James  Webster  Belden  was 
educated  at  Fairchilds  academy,  Flusliing,  L.  I. ;  the  Moravian 
institute,  Philadelphia ;  Tulane  ^Medical  college,  at  New  Orleans, 
and  the  New  York  Homeopathic  college.  He  has  been  a  practicing 
physician  in  New  Orleans  for  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century, 
following  his  father's  profession  and  emulating  his  example.  Dr. 
Belden  married,  JMarcli  31,  1891,  ]\Iiss  Lucy  B.  Whitall,  daughter 
of  Rev.  Charles  West  and  Harriet  (Harding  Barnett)  AVhitall,  of 
New  Orleans.  One  child,  Webster  Whitall,  was  born  to  this  union, 
Oct.  23,  1892.  Dr.  Belden  is  a  member  of  the  democratic  party 
and  thougli  not  actively  identified  with  political  movements,  he 
takes  a  deep  interest  in  all  those  questions  wliich  concern  the 
moral  and  material  advancement  of  the  people.  He  was  appointed  to 
membership  on  the  state  board  of  medical  examiners  by  Gov.  Foster 
in  1895,  a  position  he  has  continiied  to  hold  through  successive  reap- 
pointment to  the  present  time.  In  religion  he  adheres  to  the  prin- 
ciples of  the  Episcopal  church,  and  is  a  member  of  Trinity  con- 
gregation. As  a  member  of  the  Round  Table  club,  of  the  South- 
ern Homeopathic  association,  and  the  New  Orleans  Homeopathic 
association,  he  finds  opportunity  for  social  and  professional  ad- 
vancement, in  wliich  he  is  always  a  leader. 

Bell,  Thomas  Fletcher,  well-known  attorney  and  jurist,  Shreve- 
port,  La.,  was  bom  in  Lancaster  county,  Va.,  Aug.  24,  1836,  and 
died  at  Shreveport,  La.,  Nov.  14,  1912.  He  was  a  son  of  James 
Lewis  Bell,  a  native  of  Virginia  and  of  Scotch  descent.  The  mother, 
previous  to  her  marriage,  was  a  Miss  Sherman,  of  an  old  Virginia 
family.  She  died  when  the  son  was  about  10  years  old.  In  1839, 
when  the  son  was  3  years  old,  the  family  removed  to  Cooper  county, 
Mo.,  and  there  located  on  a  farm,  where  the  childhood  and  youth 


Ji'Dcio  'I'iKiMAs  1<'i,i:tciii:k  IJell 


BIOGRAPHICAL  4^i 

of  the  boy  were  passed.  He  attended  the  public  schools  and  later 
graduated  from  the  University  of  Missouri,  following  which  he 
entered  the  Lebanon  Law  school  (Tennessee)  and  in  due  time 
graduated  from  that  institution  with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  He 
Avas  admitted  to  practice  before  the  supreme  court  of  Tennessee  in 
1858.  Shortly  following  his  admission  to  the  bar  he  located  at 
Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  was  there  engaged  in  the  jjractice  of  law 
when  the  Civil  war  came  on.  In  1861  he  enlisted  in  the  Confed- 
erate army  and  served  throughout  the  war,  chiefly  as  captain  on 
the  staff  of  various  commanders.  He  surrendered  at  Shreveport, 
and  a  short  time  thereafter  visited  St.  Louis  on  a  prospecting  tour, 
but  determining  that  he  could  not  subscribe  .  to  the  oath  then 
required  of  attorneys,  he  returned  to  Louisiana  and  settled  in 
De  Soto  parish  as  a  farmer.  There  he  was  married  to  Miss  Sallie 
Ross.  Subsequently  he  removed  to  Shreveport,  and  when  the 
political  disabilities  had  been  removed  began  the  practice  of  law 
in  that  city,  this  being  in  the  year  1867.  He  served  as  superintend- 
ent of  the  Caddo  parish  public  schools  for  several  years,  and  after- 
ward resumed  the  practice  of  law  there,  where  he  continued  to 
reside  until  the  time  of  his  death.  He  was  associated  in  the  prac- 
tice of  law  for  many  yeai-s  with  E.  H.  Randolph,  a  recent  presi- 
dent of  the  Louisiana  State  Bar  association.  He  was  appointed 
adjutant-general  by  Gov.  Nicholls  and  reappointed  by  Gov.  Poster. 
He  was  appointed  judge  of  the  First  District  court  of  Louisiana 
in  1903  and  elected  to  succeed  himself  in  that  position  in  1904,  re- 
elected in  1908  and  again  in  1912,  but  died  before  receiving  his 
commission  for  the  latter  term.  He  was  very  active  in  the  anti- 
lottery  movement,  which  resulted  in  the  overthrow  of  the  Louisiana 
state  lottery.  He  also  served  as  chairman  of  the  suffrage  commit- 
tee in  the  Louisiana  Constitutional  convention  of  1898.  This  com- 
mittee formulated  provisions  which,  standing  the  test  of  law, 
effectually  delivered  Louisiana  from  the  domination  of  ignorance 
and  fear  of  negro  influence  in  government.  Withal  Judge  Bell's 
decisions  were  so  fair,  and  so  strictly  in  accord  with  the  true 
principles  of  the  law  that  the  negro  race  always  respected  him  and 
appreciated  the  justness  of  his  motives.  As  an  evidence  of  this 
they  selected  him  to  present  to  an  audience  of  his  home  people  the 
most  prominent  personage  among  neg7'o  educators.  His  zealous 
courage,  honesty,  eloquence,  and  learning,  together  with  splendid 
physical  proportions,  made  Judge  Bell  long  a  marked  figure  in 
Louisiana  legal  and  political  history.  He  was  a  lifelong  Demo- 
crat and  always  active  in  supporting  the  principles  of  his  party. 
Judge  Bell  was  twice  married.  His  first  wife  was  ]\[iss  Sallie  Ross, 
who  lived  only  about  5  years  after  their  mari-iage,  leaving  2  chil- 
dren, Goodwin  Ross  Bell,  now  of  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  and  James  L.  Bell, 
deceased.  His  second  mari-iage  was  to  Mrs.  Mary  Culp,  nee  Bucke- 
lew,  who  survives  him.  To  this  second  marriage  3  children  were 
born,  viz. :  Sallie,  Wilbur  B.,  and  Thornton  Fletcher  Bell.  The 
last  named  and  youngest  was  born  at  Shreveport,  La.,  Oct.  10, 
1878,  and  is  elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work. 

Bell,  Thornton  Fletcher,  district  judge,  Caddo  parish,  was  born 
at  Shrevci)ort,  La.,  Oct.  10,  1878;  son  of  Judge  Thomas  Fletcher 


44  LOUISIANA 

and  Mai'y  (Buekelew)  Bell,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of 
Lancaster  county,  Va.,  and  the  latter  of  the  state  of  Alabama.  The 
father  and  mother  are  elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work.  Thorn- 
ton Fletcher  Bell,  youngest  of  3  children  horn  to  his  parents,  passed 
his  boyhood  in  the  city  of  his  birth,  and  in  the  course  of  his  educa- 
tion attended  both  private  and  public  schools  in  the  city  of  Shreve- 
port.  After  graduating  from  the  high  school  in  the  latter  city  he 
entered  Tulane  university,  at  New  Orleans,  and  graduated  with  the 
degree  of  A.  B.,  in  the  class  of  1S99.  Following  this  he  entered  the 
law  school  of  Tulane  university  and  obtained  the  degree  of  LL.  B. 
from  that  institution,  graduating  with  the  class  of  1901.  Shortly 
following  the  completion  of  his  legal  education  the  young  attorney 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  the  city  of  Shreveport,  and 
soon  enjoyed  a  most  flattering  and  substantial  clientele.  Upon 
the  death  of  his  father,  Nov.  14,  1912,  he  was  appointed  district 
judge  to  fill  an  luiexpired  term  of  the  latter,  and  in  Feb.,  1913,  he 
was  regularly  elected  to  succeed  himself  in  that  position,  of  which 
he  is  incumbent  at  this  time. 

Bentley,  Emerson,  of  Shreveport,  La.,  lawyer,  was  born  in  New 
Orleans,  Feb.  3,  1875,  the  son  of  Emerson  and  Joan  (Pursell)  Bent- 
ley.  Removing  from  Ohio  to  Louisiana  in  1868,  the  elder  Bentley 
edited  several  newspapers,  one  of  which  was  the  Morning  Chron- 
icle, of  New  Orleans.  His  wife,  a  native  of  the  suburb  Carrollton 
(now  the  7th  district  of  New  Orleans),  was  the  daughter  of  one  of 
the  early  settlers  in  Louisiana  who  was  Mayor  of  Carrollton  from 
1861  to  1865.  Emerson  Bentley,  Sr.,  was  widely  known  as  a  bril- 
liant journalist.  He  died  in  1889,  at  the  age  of  39  years.  The 
second  son  in  a  family  of  6  children,  the  subject  of  this  biography 
was  educated  in  the  public  schools  in  New  Orleans,  and  graduated 
from  the  high  school  with  the  class  of  1890.  His  first  employment 
was  that  of  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  Louisville,  New  Orleans  & 
Texas  R.  R.  (now  the  Yazoo  &  Mississippi  Valley  R.  R.) ;  leaving 
in  1892  to  become  soliciting  freight  agent  for  the  Missouri  Pacific 
R.  R.  In  1895  Mr.  Bentley  accepted  the  position  of  chief  clerk  in 
the  New  Orleans  Bureau  of  Freight  and  Transportation,  of  which 
W.  H.  Masters  was  the  commissioner.  Five  years  later  he  came  to 
Shreveport  and  was  manager  of  the  Traffic  aissociation,  remaining 
in  office  until  1908.  Taking  advantage  of  his  spare  time,  Mr. 
Bentley  studied  law  in  New  Orleans  under  the  direction  of  Judge 
Clegg,  and  in  Shreveport  in  the  office  of  the  late  Judge  T.  F.  Bell ; 
and  in  March,  1905,  was  admitted  to  practice  after  examination 
by  the  justices  of  the  Louisiana  state  supreme  court,  receiving,  soon 
after,  a  commission  as  notary  public.  From  1905  to  1908  Mr.  Bent- 
ley followed  his  profession  of  lawyer  in  Shreveport,  and  in  the 
latter  year  he  went  to  Winnfield,  La.,  to  form  a  partnership  with 
William  M.  Wallace.  Jan.  5,  1903,  there  took  place  the  marriage 
of  Emerson  Bentley  and  Miss  Marie  Louise  Connolly,  in  New  Or- 
leans. They  had  2  children,  Muriel  and  Emerson,  Jr.  Mrs.  Bent- 
ley died  Aug.  13,  1898,  in  Winnfield.  Returning  to  Shreveport 
after  the  death  of  his  wife,  Mr.  Bentley  resumed  his  practice  of 
law  in  that  city.  Sept.  26,  1910,  he  married  Miss  Sue  Eleanor  Wat- 
son,  of  Shreveport.     For  some  time  past  Mr.  Bentley  has  been 


BIOGRAPHICAL  45 

specializing  in  the  practice  of  the  law  affecting  railway  matters 
before  the  Interstate  commission  and  the  Railroad  commission,  and 
has  been  successful  in  several  important  cases  of  that  nature. 
Politics  claimed  much  of  his  attention,  particularly  when  questions 
of  reform  in  public  aii'airs  were  before  the  people.  In  1896,  he 
was  an  active  participant  in  the  Citizens'  league  in  opposition  to 
the  "regular"  democrats;  and  in  1913  made  an  \;usuccessful  race 
for  district  judge.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protect- 
ive Order  of  Elks,  of  which  he  is  Esteemed  Lecturing  Knight,  and 
he  is  president  of  the  High  School  Class  of  1890,  an  office  he  has 
held  several  years. 

Bemadas,  Hector  E.,  M.  D.,  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  New 
Orleans,  July  4,  1879,  son  of  Emile  L.  J.  Bernadas  and  Urania 
Guilliory  Bernadas.  His  maternal  grandfather,  Augustiu  Guil- 
liory,  was  a  soldier  during  the  war  of  1861-65  in  company  I,  Cres- 
cent regiment,  commanded  by  Col.  Soule.  Dr.  Bernadas'  paternal 
grandfather  came  to  the  United  States  from  France  as  mate  on  a 
sailing  vessel  when  a  boy,  and  made  his  home  in  New  Orleans, 
and  married  Anne  Gadelle.  New  Orleans  was  the  birthplace  of 
Emile  L.  J.  Bernadas,  father  of  the  Doctor,  and  he  was  educated 
in  the  city  schools.  His  profession  was  that  of  architect  and 
builder,  and  be  became  prominent  in  his  line  of  Inisiness  until  his 
death.  May  28,  1913,  many  years  after  the  demise  of  his  wife.  The 
subject  of  this  sketch  was  educated  in  private  and  public  schools, 
the  Boys'  high  school,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1896.  The  same 
year  he  entered  the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  be- 
came an  interne  of  the  Charity  'hospital,  serving  2  years ;  and  in 
1902  graduated  from  Tulane  Medical  college  and  the  Charity  hos- 
pital. Since  that  time  he  has  lieen  engaged  in  practice  in  New 
Orleans.  Dr.  Bernadas  is  a  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish  Medi- 
cal society,  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  American  Medical  as- 
sociation. National  Geographic  society.  Grand  fraternity,  Brush  and 
Pencil  club.  Southern  Yacht  club,  Stratford  club,  and  is  medical 
examiner  of  the  Grand  fraternity  and  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Co. 
of  Georgia.  He  is  the  eldest  of  5  children :  Fernand  L.  Bernadas, 
druggist,  in  Bakerstield,  Cal. ;  Geo.  J.  Bernadas,  planter,  of  Hay- 
wood, Cal. :  Maurice  G.  Bernadas,  connected  with  the  Hibernia 
liank ;  and  ilrs.  Lillie  Bouttier,  of  Los  Angeles,  Cal.  Dr.  Bernadas 
is  aiBliated  with  the  democratic  party.  He  married,  Oct.  20,  1908, 
Miss  Hester  L.  Kinberger,  daughter  of  Frank  and  Hester  Lillie 
(Rusha)  Kinberger,  and  they  have  2  daughters,  Hester  Catherine 
Bernadas,  born  ]\Iarch  23,  1911,  and  Ruth  Louise  Bernadas,  born 
Aug.  18,  1913. 

Beyt,  J.  Lamar,  M.  D.,  successful  physician  and  coroner,  St.  Mar- 
tinville,  St.  Martin  parish.  La.,  was  born  in  Avoyelles  parish.  La., 
Jan.  23,  1886,  son  of  Francois  J.  Beyt,  ])orn  at  Haute  Guraud, 
Prance,  1860,  and  Anna  (Gremillion)  Beyt,  born  in  Avoyelles  par- 
ish. La.  Both  parents  are  living  at  this  time.  When  16  years  of 
age  Francois  J.  Beyt,  the  father,  emigrated  to  the  United  States, 
going  direct  to  Avoyelles  parish,  Where  he  had  relatives.  He  first 
engaged  in  farming,  later  became  a  clerk,  and  following  this 
was  for  some  time  a  plantation  manager.     Finally  he  engaged  in 


46  LOUISIANA 

farming  and  merchandising  combined,  on  his  own  account.  In 
1913  he  disposed  of  his  holdings  in  Avoyelles  i^arish  and  removed 
to  St.  Martinville,  where  he  now  resides  with  his  family.  J.  Lamar 
Beyt  was  first  of  11  children  born  to  his  parents.  Nine  of  these 
children  are  living  at  this  time.  J.  Lamar  was  educated  at  the 
public  schools  of  Avoyelles  parish,  after  finishing  which  he  entered 
Sacred  Heart  college,  at  Moreauville,  Avoyelles  parish,  where  he 
continued  as  a  student  until  attaining  his  15th  year,  when  he 
became  assistant  to  his  father  in  the  management  of  the  latter's 
business,  so  remaining  during  about  4  years.  In  1905  he  matricu- 
lated in  the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  at  New 
Orleans,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the 
class  of  1909.  Immediately  following  his  graduation  he  located 
in  offices  at  St.  Martinville  and  there  began  what  has  proven  a 
highly  successful  and  gratifying  general  medical  practice.  Few 
physicians  of  his  years  have  attained  such  general  and  popular 
recognition  in  the  profession  and  among  the  public  as  has  Dr. 
Beyt.  At  this  time  the  Doctor  is  contemplating  specializing  in  the 
treatment  of  diseases  of  the  eye,  ear,  nose  and  throat,  with  more 
particular  reference  to  the  eye.  In  1910  Dr.  Beyt  was  appointed 
assistant  health  officer  for  St.  Martin  parish,  and  in  1912  was 
elected  coroner  of  St.  Martin  parish  for  a  term  of  4  years.  In 
March,  1912,  Dr.  Beyt  was  married  to  Miss  Eula  Bonin,  daughter 
of  Luke  Bonin  of  St.  Martin-v-ille.  One  son,  J.  Lamar,  Jr.,  has  been 
born  to  them.  Dr.  Beyt  votes  the  democratic  ticket  and  takes  an 
active  part  in  the  political  and  public  affairs  of  his  town,  parish, 
and  state.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  CathoUc  church  and  is 
affiliated  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus.  Dr.  Beyt  enjoys  an  ex- 
tensive general  practice  and  is  reckoned  among  the  leading  young 
professional  men  of  his  portion  of  the  state.  It  seems  very  prob- 
able that  more  will  be  heard  of  the  Doctor  in  years  to  come. 

Bienvenu,  George  L.,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  New 
Orleans,  La.,  Jan.  26,  1883,  son  of  Richard  H.  and  Marie  (Dromel) 
Bienvenu,  both  natives  of  the  city  in  which  the  son  was  born.  The 
father  has  for  many  years  been  in  the  position  of  city  salesman 
for  the  wholesale  grocery  house  of  H.  T.  Cottam,  enjoying  the 
confidence  and  esteem  of  his  employers  and  the  general  trade 
of  the  city,  where  he  is  well  known.  To  the  parents  6  children  were 
born,  namely:  Dromel  Joseph,  associated  with  Touro  infirmary, 
New  Orleans;  Henry  F.,  in  the  drug  business  at  New  Orleans; 
George  L.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Louis  De  G.,  connected  with 
the  telephone  service  of  ]\Iemphis,  Tenn. ;  Lawrence  A.,  connected 
with  a  large  ice  manufacturing  business  at  Brookhaven,  Miss. : 
James  J.,  a  New  Orleans  engineer.  George  L.  Bienvenu  attended 
the  public  schools  of  New  Orleans  and  after  completing  2  years  in 
the  Boys'  high  school,  entered  his  uncle's  (Dr.  M.  Viet's)  labora- 
tory to  prepare  himself  for  the  profession  he  had  decided  to  under- 
take. He  entered  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry  for  the 
session  1901  and  1902  and  after  completing  the  regular  3  years' 
course  graduated  in  the  year  (session)  1903-1904,  receiving  the 
degree  of  D.  D.  S.,  since  which  time  the  Doctor  has  been  in  dental 
nractice  in  the  Southern  metropolis,  having  succeeded  his  uncle, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  47 

the  late  Dr.  M.  Vict,  under  whom  lu;  was  tutored.  For  somo  time 
Dr.  Bienvenu  occupied  the  position  of  demonstrator  in  prosthetic 
dentistry  at  the  New  Oi'lcans  College  of  Dontistrj'.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  of  I'llysian  Fields  camp  No. 
555,  Woodmen  of  tlie  World.  Jan.  25,  1905,  Dr.  Bienvenu  was 
married  to  Miss  Bertha  M.  Sassinot,  daughter  of  Louis  R.  and  Eva 
M.  (Laplace)  Sassinot,  both  paT-ents  being  natives  of  New  Orleans, 
where  the  father  is  in  the  hai'dwai'e  business,  which  business  li<^  has 
been  conducting  for  a  numlx'i-  of  years  and  is  well  known  in  business 
circles  generally.  Three  children  have  been  born  to  Dr.  and  Mrs. 
Bienvenu,  as  follows:  Bianca  Margarite,  George  L.,  Jr.,  and  Marie 
Therese. 

Billeaud,  Martial,  Jr.,  sugar  planter,  mei'chant,  banker  and  pri'si- 
deiit  i)<)lice  .jury  of  Lafayette  parish,  was  boi-n  at  Broussard,  La- 
fayette parish,  Jja.,  in  the  year  1862.  His  father.  Martial  Billeaud, 
Sr.,  was  boi'n  in  France,  Aug.  25,  1884.  His  parents  were  natives 
of  France,  and  emigrated  to  America  in  1836.  He  was  fourth  of  5 
children  born  to  his  parents.  In  1857  he  married  Miss  Lucy  St. 
Julian.  He  enlisted  in  the  26th  Louisiana  Volunteer  infantry,  undei- 
Ma.i.  Legarde,  in  1863,  and  served  until  th(!  close  of  the  war. 
Lucile  St.  Julian  was  born  in  Lafayette  parish.  La.,  and  died  at  th(! 
place  of  her  birth  in  1902.  Foi-  details  as  to  ancestry  of  the  mothcjr, 
see  sketch  of  J.  Gilbert  St.  Julian,  elsewhere  in  this  work.  Jean 
Billeaud,  father  of  Martial  Billeaud,  Sr.,  came,  from  France  to 
America  in  1836,  locating  at  the  town  of  Vermilion,  now  Lafayette, 
La.  He  was  a  wheelwright  by  trade,  having  followed  that  occupa- 
tion in  France,  and  after  locating  at  Vermilion  continued  to  make 
that  his  business  until  his  death  in  1875.  Martial  Billeaud,  Sr., 
also  learned  the  wheelwright  ti'ade  from  his  father,  and  followed 
that  line  of  work  some  years  in  Lafayette.  Later  he  removed  to 
Broussard,  where  he  followed  the  same  employment,  with  an  inter- 
mission of  the  time  served  in  the  Confederate  army.  After  his 
marriage  he  engaged  in  planting,  to  which  he  devoted  the  re- 
mainder of  his  active  life.  Upon  his  retirement  he  disposed  of  his 
plantation  interests  to  his  children,  in  1903,  but  continued  residing 
at  the  old  plantation  homestead.  Martial  Billeaud  was  second 
of  5  children  bom  to  his  parents,  these  children  being:  Kulalie, 
Martial,  Jr.,  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Charles,  Alice,  and  Paul,  all  of 
whom  are  living.  Martial  Billeaud,  Jr.,  was  educated  at  public  and 
private  schools  in  the  town  of  Bi'oiissard,  later  attending  St. 
Charles  college,  at  Grand  Coteau,  La.,  following  which  he  was  em- 
ployed on  his  father's  plantation,  and  later  rented  and  cultivated 
land  on  his  own  account.  He  began  renting  land  and  growing 
cotton  in  the  year  1882,  at  the  same  time  giving  diligent  attention 
to  saving  as  much  of  what  he  made  as  was  possible.  His  father 
always  made  a  point  of  having  his  sons  a.ssociated  with  him  in  his 
business  enterprises.  In  1893  the  present  large  sugar  factory,  lo- 
cated on  the  old  plantation,  was  erected,  and  represents  an  ex- 
penditure of  $500,000.  The  first  mill  on  the  place  was  erected  in 
1874,  and  was  an  open  kettle  mill  run  by  horse  power.  This  old 
mOl  was  in  successful  operation  until  the  completion  of  the  pres- 
ent splendid  plant.     Until  1903  Martial  Billeaud  and  his  brothers 


48  LOUISIANA 

operated  their  father's  land,  but  in  that  year  purchased  the 
father's  interest  of  3,000  acres,  and  in  the  same  year  began  pur- 
chasing additional  land.  This  was  continued  until,  in  1913,  they 
owned  11,723  acres.  In  1913  they  decided  to  make  a  division  of 
their  property,  and  this  was  due,  with  the  exception  of  the  sugar 
factory,  which  they  own  jointly,  and  for  which  they  produce  about 
40,000  tons  of  cane  annually.  Martial  Billeaud,  Jr.,  owns  one-fifth 
of  the  sugar  factory.  Among  other  plantations  in  which  he  is 
'interested  are  the  Home  plantation.  Long  plantation,  Huron  plan- 
tation, and  De  Laneville  plantation.  In  1889  Martial  Billeaud,  Jr., 
and  Edward  L.  Estorge  purchased  the  general  merchandise  stock 
of  F.  B.  Grovenberg,  at  Broussard,  which  was  then  comparatively 
a  small  stock  of  goods,  but  which  has  been  so  largely  increased 
since  that  now  it  is  one  of  the  largest  retail  stocks  in  the  parish 
or  in  that  part  of  the  state.  In  1899  Martial  Billeaud 's  brothers 
purchased  Mr.  Estorge 's  interests  in  the  store,  and  since  that  time 
the  firm  name  has  been  M.  Billeaud,  Jr.,  &  Co.,  Martial  Billeaud, 
Jr.,  ow^ling  a  one-half  interest.  In  1906  Martial  Billeaud  organized 
the  Bank  of  Broussard  and  was  elected  pre-sident  of  the  institution 
at  the  start,  in  which  capacity  he  has  remained  to  the  present.  He 
was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Broussard  Cotton  Oil  Co.,  of  which 
he  is  a  director.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors  of 
the  First  National  Bank  of  Lafayette,  and  of  the  Southwestern 
Louisiana  Development  bureau.  Politically  Mr.  Billeaud  aligns 
himself  as  an  independent  Democrat.  During  the  past  18  years  he 
has  served  the  people  of  the  parish  as  a  member  of  the  Lafayette 
parish  police  jury,  and  during  12  years  of  that  time  has  filled  the 
important  office  of  president  of  that  body.  His  greatest  activities 
have  been  in  the  direction  of  securing  good,  serviceable,  and 
durable  roads  for  the  people  of  the  parish,  and  in  his  official  capac- 
ity he  has  done  everji^hing  possible  towaJi-d  securing  this  much 
desired  end,  while  as  a  private  citizen  he  has  contributed  largely 
of  both  time  and  money  for  this  purpose.  He  has  also  been  an 
able  champion  of  the  public  schools,  and  has  done  much  good 
work  toward  securing  improvements  in  these.  In  church  affiliation 
Mr.  Billeaud  is  a  Roman  Catholic.  Fraternally,  he  is  a  member 
of  the  Knights  of  Columbus  and  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks.  He  has  contributed  largely  of  his  means  towai'd  the  sup- 
port of  the  church  and  convent  at  Broussard.  Always  a  tireless 
worker,  Mr.  Billeaud 's  success  in  life  has  been  achieved  through 
earnest  effort,  diligent  application  and  discerning  thrift,  intelli- 
gently directed,  and  no  element  of  ^hat  is  termed  luck  has  entered 
into  his  steady  upward  climb.  Mr.  Billeaud  is  now  casting  about 
for  the  best  means  of  offsetting  or  overcoming  the  effects  of  recent 
national  legislation  affecting  the  production  of  sugar  in  Louisiana, 
and  with  this  idea  in  mind  is  contemplating  a  greater  diversity  of 
products  on  his  lands.  He  is  fully  alive  to  the  great  i^ossibilities 
of  agriculture  in  Louisiana,  and  is  exerting  his  energies  toward 
practically  demonstrating  the  feasibility  of  greater  net  acreage 
retui-ns  from  the  land,  and  his  able  efforts  in  this  direction  wiU 
undoubtedly  be  largely  helpful  to  the  cause  of  intelligent  agricul- 
ture in  Louisiana.     June  27,  1893,  Mr.  Billeaud  was  married  to 


BIOGRAPHICAL  49 

Miss  Palmyre  Bernard,  and  5  children,  as  follows,  have  been  born 
to  their  union :     Delia,  Cornelius,  Roy,  Allen,  and  Louel. 

Bisso,  William  A.,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Aug.  4,  1875, 
the  son  of  Joseph  and  Mary  B.  (Damonte)  Bisso,  the  former  of 
whom  was  a  native  of  Gyenoble,  Prance,  and  the  latter  of  Spanish 
and  Italian  descent,  the  daughter  of  Joseph  Damonte.  Mr.  Joseph 
Bisso  came  to  America  when  about  10  years  of  age  and  first  settled 
in  New  Orleans  but  later  went  to  Plaquemine,  where  he  learned  the 
trade  of  blacksmith  and  horseshoer.  From  Plaquemine  he  entered 
the  service  of  the  Confederate  navy  as  water  tender  and  remained 
in  the  service  until  the  close  of  the  war  when  he  received  an  hon- 
orable discharge.  At  that  time  he  settled  on  Walnut  street  in  the 
city  of  New  Orleans  and  engaged  as  timberman  for  the  Fischer 
Lumber  Co.  After  a  period  of  about  5  years  in  their  employ  he 
went  into  the  wood  and  lumber  business  for  himself  which  he  con- 
tinued until  about  1891.  A  levee  was  built  through  his  property 
in  that  year  and  the  work  at  that  point  had  to  be  abandoned. 
Succeeding  this  he  became  interested  in  the  tow  and  ferry  boat 
biisiness,  which  he  followed  until  his  death,  Dec.  25,  1907.  To  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Joseph  Bisso,  5  children  were  born,  namely :  Anna,  now 
the  widow  of  F.  G.  Tyler;  Joseph  A.,  in  the  tow  boat  business; 
Katherine,  now  the  widow  of  W.  T.  Alcorn;  "William  A.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  and  Alexander  L.,  also  in  the  tow  boat  business. 
William  A.  Bisso  is  next  to  the  youngest  member  of  his  father's 
family,  and  has  spent  his  entire  life  in  New  Orleans.  His  first 
schooling  was  received  at  the  McDonough  school.  No.  14,  and  after 
this  he  attended  night  school  for  a  time  at  Soule's  Business  col- 
lege, while  he  was  at  the  same  time  doing  survey  work  for  the 
government  with  the  United  States  engineers  of  the  Foui'th  dis- 
trict. This  work  occupied  about  three  years  of  his  time,  after 
which  he  went  as  a  pilot  on  the  Walnut  street  and  Westwego 
ferry  for  3  years  more.  At  the  end  of  that  period  he  bought  a  tug 
and  engaged  with  his  father  in  upriver  towing.  From  that 
time  to  this  he  has  been  prominently  identified  with  that  business. 
After  his  father's  death,  W.  A.  Bisso  became  president  of  the 
Bisso  Tow  Boat  Co.,  a  corporation  organized  under  Louisiana  laws. 
About  the  close  of  1908,  Mr.  Bisso  organized,  and  was  made  presi- 
dent of  the  New  Orleans  Coal  Co.,  which  does  an  exclusivelj^  whole- 
sale business  in  rail  and  ship  bunker  coal,  practically  all  the  sup- 
ply coming  by  rail  from  the  Alabama  coal  fields.  The  plants  of  the 
coal  company  and  the  tow  boat  company  are  situated  at  the  foot 
of  Walnut  street  in  New  Orleans,  and  they  also  have  a  branch  in 
Mobile,  Ala.  Mr.  Bisso  is  a  Catholic,  a  member  of  the  Elks'  club, 
of  the  Progressive  union,  and  the  Board  of  Trade.  He  married 
Miss  Cecilia,  daughter  of  A.  L.  Le  Breton,  and  they  have  1  son, 
William,  Jr.  In  politics  Mr.  Bisso  has  always  accepted  the  prin- 
ciples of  the  Democratic  party  and  has  taken  active  interest  in  the 
local  management  of  its  affairs  and  is  one  of  the  men  whose  counsel 
is  sought  in  matters  of  importance  to  the  welfare  of  his  district. 
Elected  on  Democratic  ticket  as  alderman  of  Fourteenth  ward; 
served  1904-1908. 
Ill— 4 


50  LOUISIANA 

Blake,  Eugene  William,  well-known  jurist,  of  Thibodairx,  was 
born  in  Iberville  parish,  Oct.  12,  1827.  He  was  the  son  of  Eugene 
William  Blake  and  Adeline  Dupuy,  both  of  whom  were  born  at 
Iberville  parish.  La.,  and  whose  lives  alike  were  spent  and  ended  at 
the  place  of  their  birth.  The  father  was  a  planter  and  Eugene 
William,  the  son,  was  educated  at  the  public  school  of  Iberville, 
and  shortly  after  the  term  of  his  schooling  he  removed  to  Thibo- 
daux,  where  he  was  appointed  clerk  of  the  court,  and  continued 
to  occupy  that  position  for  several  years,  during  which  time  he 
was  carefully  saving  that  he  might  accumulate  the  means  with 
which  to  continue  his  education.  When  this  end  had  been  gained  he 
entered  college  at  Lexington,  Ky.  On  completing  the  course  of 
instruction  there,  he  returned  home  and  shortly  afterward  entered 
Louisiana  state  university,  from  which  he  graduated  in  law  in  1848. 
For  a  time  he  practiced  at  Iberville,  and  on  April  20,  1857,  he  was 
married  to  Miss  Cecilia  Thibodaux,  daughter  of  Bannon  G.  and 
Justine  (Aubert)  Thibodaux,  granddaughter  of  ex-Gov.  Henry  S. 
Thibodaux,  who  was  the  founder  of  the  town  of  that  name.  In 
November  of  that  year  he  removed  to  Thibodaux  and  engaged  in 
the  practice  of  law  with  his  father-in-law.  This  partnership  was 
actively  continued  until  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war,  when  the 
young  man  enlisted  in  St.  Mary's  battery  and  went  to  the  front  in 
the  service  of  the  Confederacy.  He  was  engaged  in  several  of  the 
most  sanguinary  conflicts  that  mark  the  history  of  those  dark  days, 
but  survived  and  returned  to  his  home,  where  he  resumed  the  prac- 
tice of  law.  In  March,  1866,  his  father-in-law  died  and  he  there- 
after conducted  the  legal  business  of  the  firm  alone.  On  Dec.  19, 
1881,  he  was  appointed  to  the  bench  as  circuit  judge  of  the  Louisi- 
ana Court  of  Appeals,  and  continued  in  that  position  8  years. 
Following  this  he  became  attorney  for  the  Southern  Pacific  R.  R. 
and  represented  that  corporation  in  much  of  its  important  litiga- 
tion. Judge  Blake  was  a  lifelong  Democrat  and  a  member  of  the 
Catholic  church.    He  died  Jan.  2,  1890,  at  liis  home  in  Thibodaux. 

Blackman,  John  Calhoun,  member  of  the  firm  of  Blackman, 
Overton  &  Dawkins,  Alexandria,  La.,  was  born  in  Alexandria,  Jan. 
7,  1877,  son  of  Judge  Wilbur  F.  Blackman,  who  is  elsewhere  re- 
ferred to  in  this  work.  Mr.  Blackman  attended  the  public  schools 
of  Alexandria  and  later  the  Louisiana  State  university.  He  was 
a  student,  also,  at  Spring  Hill  college,  Mobile,  Ala.,  after  which 
he  entered  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he 
graduated  in  1897.  In  the  same  year  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
John  C.  Ryan  and  began  the  practice  of  law  at  the  city  of  Alex- 
andria. In  1904  Mr.  Blackman  became  associated  with  John  H. 
Overton  in  legal  practice,  and  this  latter  connection  has  continued 
to  this  time.  In  1913  this  firm  received  Messrs.  Dawkins  and  Mims 
into  partnership,  and  when  Mr.  Mims  withdrew  the  style  of  the 
firm  became  Blackman,  Overton  &  Dawkins.  In  1903  Mr.  Black- 
man  was  married  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Lobdell,  a  daughter  of  John 
Lobdell,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  and  3  children  have  been  born  to 
their  union,  these  being:  Elizabeth,  John  C,  Jr.,  and  Wilbur  F., 
Jr.  Mr.  Blackman  is  a  Knight  Templar  Mason,  a  Noble  of  the 
Mystic  Shrine,  and  a  charter  member  of  Alexandria  Lodge  No. 


Judge  Eigene  W.  Blake 


BIOGRAPHICAL  51 

546,  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  Mr.  Blackman  has 
been  a  lifelong  resident  of  Rapides  parish,  and  enjoys  an  excep- 
tionally wide  acquaintance  and  general  popularity,  not  only  in 
Rapides  parish,  but  throughout  a  large  part  of  the  state  of  Louisi- 
ana. His  reputation  as  an  able  and  learned  lawyer  is  recognized 
by  both  bench  and  bar,  while  as  a  citizen  he  is  looked  upon  as  a 
man  scrupulously  diligent  in  the  performance  of  his  duties  as  a 
member  of  the  community  in  which  he  lives.  He  takes  an  active 
interest  in  all  public  matters  involving  the  obligations  of  citizen- 
ship, and  is  held  in  high  esteem  by  his  fellow  citizens. 

Blackman,  Wilbur  Fisk,  judge  of  the  Thirteenth  Judicial  dis- 
trict, composed  of  Rapides  and  Grant  parishes,  was  born  in  Harris 
county,  Ga.,  Dec.  10,  1841,  and  is  a  son  of  John  Calhoun  and  Achah 
Gilbert  (Maddox)  Blackman.  His  father  was  born  in  South  Caro- 
lina, in  1808,  and  was  a  son  of  William  Blackman,  a  native  of  North 
Carolina.  John  Blackman  was  the  progenitor  of  his  family  in 
America.  He  came  from  Scotland  to  America  in  1649,  and  settled 
in  Massachusetts.  The  parents  of  Judge  Blackman  were  married 
in  Georgia.  The  mother  was  born  in  Alabama.  Thoy  had  3  chil- 
dren, namely,  Josephine  Curtis,  "Wilbur  Fisk,  and  Asa  Olin  Black- 
man.  The  family  moved  from  Georgia  to  Louisiana  in  1851,  and 
settled  in  Claiborne  parish,  where  the  parents  resided  until  1872, 
when  they  removed  to  Bossier  parish,  and  there  the  father  died  in 
1873.  He  was  a  planter  by  occupation,  and  was  also  a  local  min- 
ister of  the  Methodist  Church.  His  wife  died  at  the  age  of  67  years. 
Judge  Blackman  was  reared  on  the  farm  in  Claiborne  parish,  and 
was  educated  in  private  schools  and  Homer  college.  He  graduated 
from  this  college  in  Jiine,  1861,  and  soon  after  volunteered  in  Com- 
pany A,  9th  Louisiana  regiment,  under  Col.  Dick  Taylor.  On  the 
organization  of  the  company  Judge  Blackman  was  elected  lieu- 
tenant, and  with  the  regiment  went  to  Richmond,  Va.,  and  con- 
tinued with  the  9th  Louisiana  until  its  reorganization  in  1862, 
when  he  resigned  on  account  of  ill  health.  He  returned  to  his 
parental  home  in  Louisiana,  and  30  days  later  again  volunteered  in 
the  Confederate  army,  in  Company  B,  28th  Louisiana  volunteers, 
and  was  made  adjutant-general  of  the  regiment  under  command 
of  Col.  Henry  Gray.  He  continued  thereafter  to  serve  in  the 
trans-Mississippi  department  to  the  close  of  the  war.  He  partici- 
pated in  all  the  battles  of  the  department  in  Louisiana,  and  led 
the  charge  at  the  battle  of  Mansfield,  as  assistant  acting  adjutant- 
general,  and  was  complimented  by  Gen.  Taylor  for  "gallant  and 
conspicuous  service."  The  war  closed,  Mr.  Blackman  returned 
home,  and  began  the  study  of  law  at  Homer.  He  was  admitted  to 
practice  law  by  the  supreme  court  in  1866,  and  began  the  pi-actice 
immediately  afterward  at  Homer.  In  1865  he  was  elected  to  the 
lower  house  of  the  state  legislature  and  in  1868  to  the  state  senate, 
where  he  served  with  distinction  to  1872.  In  1873  he  removed  to 
Alexandria,  where  he  has  since  resided.  In  1876  he  was  elected 
district  judge,  the  judicial  district  then  composed  of  Rapides, 
Grant  and  Vernon  parishes.  He  continued  to  serve  as  district 
judge  until  1879,  when  the  constitutional  convention  made  a 
change  in  the  district.     He  was  off  the  bench  only  a  year  and 


52  LOUISIANA 

a  half,  and  was  then,  in  1882,  again  elected  district  judge,  the 
judicial  district  then  comprising  Avoyelles,  Grant  and  Rapides 
parishes.  He  remained  on  the  .bench  for  10  years,  and  in  1892 
was  elected  by  the  legislature  judge  of  the  Court  of  Appeals  for 
the  Third  circuit,  and  as  siich  served  8  years.  In  1900  he 
was  again  elected  district  judge,  the  Thirteenth  judicial  district 
composed  of  Grant  and  Rapides  parishes,  and  at  each  election 
since  has  been  reelected,  his  present  term  expiring  in  1916.  Judge 
Blackman  has  long  been  prominent  and  active  in  politics  as  a 
Democrat.  He  was  elected  presidential  elector-at-large  from 
Louisiana  and  as  such  cast  the  electoral  vote  of  the  state  for 
Seymour  and  Blair,  the  Democratic  candidates  for  president  and 
vice-president,  respectively.  In  1900  he  was  a  delegate  to  the 
national  Democratic  convention,  and  has  been  a  delegate  to  many 
state  and  congressional  conventions  of  his  party.  Fraternally 
Judge  Blackman  is  a  Royal  Arch  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Benevo- 
lent and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  of  the  Rapides  club.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church.  September  27,  1867,  he  mar- 
ried Miss  Ellen  Monfort  Wells,  daughter  of  Gen.  Monfort  Wells 
of  Rapides  parish.  She  died  in  1898,  leaving  the  following  chil- 
dren: Wilbur  Wells  Blackman,  planter  and  stockman  of  Alexan- 
dria; Jeanette  Dent  Blackman,  Ellen  Monfort  Blackman  and  John 
Calhoim  Blackman,  a  prominent  lawyer  of  Alexandria.  With  the 
exception  of  a  brief  period  of  one  and  a  half  years,  mentioned 
above.  Judge  Blackman  has  continued  to  serve  either  on  the  bench 
of  the  District  court  or  Court  of  Appeals  since  1876,  a  period  of 
38  years.  He  has  long  held  conspicuous  place  among  the  ablest 
jurists  of  Louisiana,  and  enjoyed  the  confidence  and  esteem,  not 
only  of  the  members  of  the  bar,  but  also  of  the  people  in  gen- 
eral. At  his  home  city  and  in  his  resident  parish  Judge  Black- 
man  has  won  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  citizen  of  progress  and 
public  spii'it,  and  his  friends  are  legion. 

Boatner,  Charles  J.,  was  born  in  Caldwell  parish,  La.,  Jan. 
23,  1849,  and  died  at  New  Orleans,  March  21,  1903.  He  was  a 
son  of  Mark  and  Sarah  (Stirling)  Boatner,  who  were  born  in 
East  Feliciana  parish.  La.  His  grandfather,  Elias  Boatner,  was 
also  born  in  this  same  parish,  the  son  of  a  native  Hollander,  who 
was  a  pioneer  planter  in  Louisiana.  Mark  Boatner  was  a  lawyer 
by  profession  and  died  when  his  son,  Charles  J.  Boatner,  was 
but  a  boy.  His  mother  having  died  previously,  he  was  taken  to 
Catahoula  parish  by  an  uncle,  who  brought  him  up.  He  studied 
law  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  the  age  of  21.  He  began 
the  practice  of  law  at  Harrisonburg,  La.,  but  about  1878  he  re- 
moved to  Monroe,  La.,  where  he  resided  until  1896,  when 
he  located  in  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Boatner  was  elected  to  the  state 
senate  in  1876,  but  resigned  in  May,  1878,  when  he  removed  to 
Monroe.  He  served  in  the  first  Democratic  legislature  after  the 
memorable  days  of  the  reconstruction  period  subsequent  to  the 
war  of  secession.  He  was  a  candidate  for  Congress  in  1884,  but 
was  defeated  by  Gen.  J.  Floyd  King,  who  was  the  incumbent  at 
the  time.  He  was  elected  to  the  51st,  52nd  and  53rd  Congresses, 
and  received  the  certificate  of  election  to  the  54th,  but  hiis  seat 


BIOGRAPHICAL  53 

was  declared  vacant  March  20,  1896.  At  a  special  election  held 
Tnne  10  1896  he  was  elected  to  the  short  term  ot  the  _54th  Con- 
fess as  a  Democrat.  His  party  having  adopted  in  its  national  plat- 
giess  a^  ^J^';""i:^_,,^  „„  fr-e  "free  and  unlimited  coinage  of  .silver 
a"Se ttfo  o  16^1''  a  meLure  he  refused  to  support,  he  declined 
t^a^n  be  a  candidate  for  Congress,  but  remained  ^  the  party^ 
His  last  public   service   of  importance  was  a.^  a  member   of  the 

t^e":ft?:at'co\  -  ntioS  a^^-S^o  the  "grandfather 

Dlan"     Hs  was  a  brilliant  record  in  Congress  and  among  the 

TelZ  etu:i  1  stiiSn^to'itt'^^^^^^^^^^^    in  Congress     Mr  Bo^tjer 
maSd    in  1870,  Miss  Frances  R.  Mayo,   a   daughter   of  Judge 
SJeiVMavo,  S  Concordia  parish,  La.     She  -^-^'^^l.^^^l.^^^  '^ 
V,.        ■  --o    „vi;,-,    Tn      Thpir  children  are  Mark  M.,  btuimg  s., 
SrS^^Se  ":  .wl  Za  JotJSine,  wife  of  Edwai;d  E^  Moise. 
""^Boatner.  Mark  M.,    is  a.  son  of  the  late    Charles    J.    Boatne  , 
nnd  was  born  in  Concordia  parish.  La.,  Jan.  5    187^.     ^ie    od 
tSned  his  degree  of  bachelor  of  science  from  the  Virginia  Mili- 
SrylnsSute'in  1892,  and  graduated  in  law    -- J^^\--^"™: 
citv  in  1896     He  was  iunior-major  of  the  2nd  United  fetates  voiun 
?S  hif^intrv  7ommanded  by  Col.  Duncan  N.  Hood  m  the  Spanish- 
AmeSn  war     F?om  1906 'to  1910  Mr.  Boatner  was  the  attorney 
f or  the  colTector  of  inheritance  tax    and    was    a    member    of   the 
consttSn:?  convention  of  1913.    He  ^^:^^i^^^^^Z 
nf  ponsenuence     He  is  a  Democrat  m  politics,  but  not  a  politician. 
Frate"nX,Mr.  Soatner  is  a  Master  Mason.     He  was  married  m 
1894  to  Miss  Bertie  E.  Bryant. 

Boh,  Arthur  Peter,  general  contractor  and  ^J^^l^^"^  ^OS^^^Xc 
delet  street    New  Orleans,  La.,  was  born   at  New  ^i  J^^iiS' ,  ,-^^^^, 
i9     1884;     son  of  John  P.  and  Rosalie    (Wanner)   Boh,  bo  h  of 
whom  were  born  in  the  same  locality  as  was  the  son.     John  P 
Boh    thV  father,  has  devoted  the  energies  of  his  lifetime  to  the 
vocation   of   a   manufacturer   of   hand-made   furniture,    m   which 
business  he  is  at  this  time  engaged      His  ^f  ^^-^^j^^jj 
St.  Louis  and  Basin  streets.  New  Orleans      To  John  P-  Boh  ana 
wife,  who  are  living  at  this  time,  6  children  have  been  bo  n,  as 
follows:     John  Sidney,  wholesale  P^o^nce   dealer    died  July   dl 
1905;  Arthur  Peter,  the  subject  of  this  «l^<^tch;   C  aies    pio^ 
sional  wood  carver,  now  employed  m  con^^^^tmn  w  th  his  fathe^^^^^^ 
furniture  business;  Roa  Lie,  Henry,  connected  witlfatlioisbusi 
ness-  Edward    order  clerk  in  the  service  of  the  Fulton  Bag  L,o., 
New'Orreans  '  ?he  third,  fourth,  fifth  and  sixth  o    these  are  now 
Uvhig    at   the   parental   home.     Arthur   Peter   Bo^;.  f  ^"^,f ,   ^J 
nublic  schools  of  New  Orleans.     After  his  graduation  froni  high 
school   he   was   during   some   time    engaged   in    employment   con- 
nect with  architectural  pursuits.    In  1905  he  entered  the  service 
of    he  United  States  government  at  the  New  Orleans  naval  sta 
tion.     During  the  year  1906  he  ^^^^s  enip loyed  b>    the  sewerage 
and  water  board  of  the  City  of  New  Orleans.     In  1907   he  le 


54  LOUISIANA 

turned  to  the  government  work,  but  again  in  1908  he  was  em- 
ployed by  the  sewerage  and  water  board.  In  1909  he  launched  into 
business  as  a  general  contractor  and  builder,  on  his  own  account, 
with  offices  at  303  Carondelet  street,  New  Orleans,  and  has  so 
continued  to  this  time,  doing  a  constantly-increasing  business. 
Mr.  Boh  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party,  and  is  a  member 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He  is  a  member,  also,  of  the  Ma- 
sonic fraternity  and  of  the  Ancient  United  Order  of  Druids. 
June  21,  1905,  Mr.  Boh  was  married  to  Miss  Rosa  Birk,  daughter 
of  Roman  and  Anna  Barbara  (Van  Freiburghouse)  Birk  of  Switz- 
erland, in  which  country  the  daughter  was  born.  No  children  have 
been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Boh. 

Bolton,  George  W.,  prominent  banker  and  financier  of  Alexan- 
dria, and  one  of  the  best  known  men  of  Louisiana,  was  born  in 
DeKalb  county,  Ga.,  Sept.  15,  1841.  His  parents  were  Elisha  P. 
and  Eliza  (Burbridge)  Bolton.  The  father,  of  English  lineage, 
was  a  native  of  Georgia,  in  which  state  his  father  settled  shortly 
after  the  Revolutionary  war,  coming  from  Virginia.  The  mother  of 
George  W.  Bolton  was  also  a  native  of  Georgia,  and  was  of  Irish 
parentage.  In  1857  Elisha  P.  Bolton  removed  from  Georgia  to 
Louisiana,  and  located  at  Shiloh,  Union  parish,  where  he  estab- 
lished a  private  school  and  became  a  well-known  educator.  He 
died  at  the  age  of  85  years,  and  his  wife  at  70.  They  were  the 
parents  of  8  children,  5  sons  and  3  daughters,  of  whom  6  grew 
to  majority,  and  3  are  still  living.  George  W.  Bolton  was  the 
fourth  eldest  and  the  third  son.  He  was  educated  in  his  father's 
private  school  at  Shiloh,  and  in  1861,  when  the  Civil  war  came  on, 
Mr.  Bolton  enlisted  in  Company  E,  12th  Louisiana  infantrj'.  He 
gallantly  served  the  eaiisc  of  the  Confederacy  to  the  close  of 
the  war,  attaining  to  the  I'ank  of  second  sergeant.  At  the  battle 
of  Nashville  he  was  wounded  in  the  right  arm  and  shortly  after- 
wards captured  and  taken  to  Camp  Chase,  Columbus,  Ohio,  and 
later  transferred  to  Point  Lookout,  Md.,  where  he  was  paroled 
at  the  close  of  hostilities.  He  then  returned  to  his  father's  home 
in  Louisiana,  entirely  without  means,  traveling  a  portion  of  the 
way  on  the  deck  of  a  Red  river  passenger  steamer.  After  spend- 
ing 1  year  in  teaching  at  Shiloh,  Mr.  Bolton  began  his  siic- 
cessful  career  as  a  merchant.  He  engaged  in  mercantile  business 
at  Winnfield,  Winn  parish,  with  Dr.  A.  Wade.  After  3  suc- 
cessful years  at  Winnfield,  Mr.  Bolton,  in  company  with  Dr.  A. 
Wade  and  Mr.  Thomas  D.  Milling,  opened  a  branch  establish- 
ment at  Pineville,  opposite  Alexandria,  Mr.  Bolton  removing  to 
Pineville  to  take  charge  of  the  business,  the  business  at  Winn- 
field remaining  in  charge  of  Mr.  Walling.  For  1  year  the  busi- 
ness was  conducted  under  the  firm  name  of  A.  Wade,  and  on 
the  death  of  Dr.  Wade  was  continued  under  the  firm  name  of 
Milling  &  Bolton  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Milling  in  1879,  after 
which  date  Mr.  Bolton  continued  the  business  on  his  own  account 
until  1900,  when  he  di.sposed  of  it,  in  order  to  give  his  exclusive 
time  to  his  duties  as  president  of  the  Rapides  bank.  This  bank 
was  organized  in  1888,  when  there  were  only  five  banks  in  Louis- 
iana,  outside   of  New   Orleans.     Mr.   Bolton  was   made   the   first 


16^ 


BIOGRAPHICAL  55 

president  of  the  bank,  and  this  position  he  held  until  1912,  when 
he  retired  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son,  James  W.  Bol- 
ton. However,  he  was  induced  to  remain  actively  connected  with 
the  bank  as  chairman  of  the  board  of  directors.  From  its  organ- 
ization the  Rapides  bank  has  prospered,  and  has  long  ranked  among 
the  largest  and  most  successful  banks  of  Louisiana.  Its  growth 
and  prosperity  have  been  largely  due  to  Mr.  Bolton's  able  financier- 
ing. For  many  years  he  has  held  conspicuous  place  among  bankers 
of  not  only  Louisiana  and  the  South,  but  also  of  the  nation.  He 
was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Louisiana  State  Bankers'  asso- 
ciation, and  for  several  years  served  as  president  of  the  associa- 
tion. He  has  long  been  identified  with  the  American  Bankers' 
association,  and  for  2  terms  of  3  years  each  he  was  a  member  of 
the  executive  council  of  this  association.  While  mercantile  and 
banking  interests  have  claimed  so  great  a  part  of  his  time  and 
attention,  Mr.  Bolton  has  responded  to  the  call  of  public  duty.  He 
was  a  delegate  to,  and  a  member  of,  the  constitution  convention 
of  1879  from  Rapides  parish.  This  convention  was  called  for  the 
purpose  of  framing  a  constitution  to  better  suit  the  conditions 
then  existing  and  especially  to  provide  for  a  more  economical 
management  of  the  affairs  of  state  than  then  prevailed  under 
the  carpet  bag  Republican  rule.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the 
constitutional  convention  of  1898  called  for  the  purpose  of  set- 
tling once  and  for  all  time  to  come  the  question  of  the  partici- 
pation of  the  negro  in  the  politics  of  Louisiana.  While  the 
action  taken  to  prevent  the  negro  from  voting  was  severely 
criticised  in  other  sections  of  the  countl-y,  it  has  never  been  suc- 
cessfully attacked,  with  the  result  that  the  negro  in  Louisiana  to- 
day takes  no  part  whatever  in  elections,  though  he  is  accorded 
all  the  civil  rights  to  which  he  is  entitled.  In  both  these  con- 
ventions, the  results  of  which  were  of  far-reaching  benefit  to 
the  state,  Mr.  Bolton  took  an  active  and  foremost  pai't,  being  a 
member  of  important  committees  in  both.  From  1888  to  1894  he 
represented  Rapides  parish  in  the  lower  house  of  the  legisla- 
ture, and  there  rendered  conspicuous  service.  During  his  first 
term  in  the  legislature  he  was  chairman  of  the  committee  on  appro- 
priation. In  this  capacity  he  was  chiefly  instrumental  in  put- 
ting the  state  finances  on  a  solid  basis,  which  for  the  first  time 
after  the  Civil  war  brought  the  annual  expenditures  of  the  state 
within  the  limit  of  current  receipts,  and  by  this  I'ule  the  finances 
of  the  state  have  since  been  governed.  In  the  annals  of  the  state 
this  is  a  noteworthy  achievement,  and  its  accomplishment  was  a 
stupendous  task,  and  required  much  work  and  able  financiering, 
but  Mr.  Bolton  proved  equal  to  the  difficult  undertaking  and 
thereby  rendered  exceptional  service  to  the  state.  During  his 
last  term  in  the  legislature  Mr.  Bolton  was  honoi'cd  by  being 
elected  speaker  of  the  house,  and  in  this  exalted  position  again 
displayed  exceptional  ability,  meeting  the  most  sanguine  hopes 
of  his  many  friends.  In  1904  Mr.  Bolton  was  a  delegate  to  the 
national  Democratic  convention  at  St.  Louis,  and  was  made  a 
member  of  the  committee  to  notifj-,  at  his  home  on  the  Hudson 
river,  Judge  Alton  B.   Parker   of  his   nomination  for  the   presi- 


56  LOUISIANA 

deney.  From  early  manhood,  Mr.  Bolton  has  been  a  member 
of  the  Masonic  fraternity.  He  is  a  Knight  Templar  Mason,  and 
has  served  as  grand  master  of  the  Grand  Lodge  and  as  grand 
high  priest  of  the  Royal  Arch  chapter  of  Louisiana.  He  has 
long  been  prominent  as  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church  and  in 
local  affairs  borne  the  commendable  part  of  a  public-spirited  citi- 
zen. In  1868  Mr.  Bolton  married  Miss  Tennessee  Wade,  daugh- 
ter of  Dr.  A.  Wade.  She  was  born  in  1850  in  Arkansas.  Unto 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bolton  were  born  5  sons  and  1  daughter,  now  living: 
James  Wade,  president  of  the  Rapides  bank ;  George  F.  of  Lake 
Charles;  Frank  P.,  cashier  of  the  Rapides  bank;  James  Porter, 
merchant  at  Lake  Charles;  Roscoe,  in  the  insurance  business  at 
Alexandria,  and  Miss  Bertha,  accomplished  in  music. 

Boutcher,  George  W.,  sugar  dealer.  New  Orleans,  was  born 
in  the  city  of  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  Jan.  4,  1854;  son  of  Robert  and 
Lydia  (Wilkinson)  Boutcher,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  the 
city  in  which  the  son  was  born,  the  father  being  of  French  ances- 
try and  the  mother  English.  The  father  died  at  the  age  of  73 
years,  and  is  survived  by  the  mother  at  this  time.  Only  2  chil- 
dren were  born  to  the  parents — a  daughter,  now  deceased,  and 
George  W.  He  came  with  his  parents  to  New  Orleans  in  1859 
and  passed  his  boyhood  and  youth  in  the  city,  attending  the 
public  schools  and  following  this  with  a  special  commercial  course 
at  Soule's  college.  After  finishing  at  commercial  school  he  entered 
the  service  of  the  firm  of  Deldugo  &  Co.  as  a  clerk,  and  through 
the  passing  years  won  promotion  for  meritorious  sei'vice  until 
the  station  of  vice-president  of  the  corporation  had  been  attained. 
Some  time  later  he  was  elected  to  the  important  position  of  pres- 
ident and  remains  the  incumbent  of  this  executive  post  at  this 
time.  George  W.  Boutcher  entered  the  sugar  business  in  New 
Orleans  Oct.  25,  1868,  when  only  14  years  old,  and  has  remained 
in  the  same  business  since  that  time,  being,  without  doubt,  one 
of  the  oldest  men,  in  point  of  trade  experience,  in  that  line  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans.  His  business  experience  extends  back 
to  a  time  embracing  all  the  horrors  of  the  reconstruction  period 
in  Louisiana  and  covering  several  of  the  most  devastating-  yellow 
fever  epidemics  in  the  history  of  the  South 's  metropolis.  He 
has  been  privileged  to  observe  revolutionary  changes  in  many 
lines,  and  to  witness  the  great  progress  that  has  been  made  in  every 
branch  of  the  sugar  industry,  from  the  cane  field  to  the  office  of 
the  sugar  broker.  Marvelous  transformation  scenes  have  been 
enacted  within  his  vision  in  the  industrial,  commercial  and  resi- 
dential districts  of  the  citj',  and  yet  George  W.  Boutcher  is  one 
of  the  active,  aggressive  and  influential  business  men  of  the  city 
whose  greatness  he  has  aided  in  creating.  In  1875  Mr.  Boutcher 
was  married  to  Miss  Sarah  H.  Prothro,  a  daughter  of  Nathan 
Prothro  of  South  Carolina.  To  them  4  daughters  and  3  sons  were 
born,  all  of  the  latter  being  now  deceased.  The  daughters  are : 
Gertrude,  now  the  wife  of  T.  J.  Woodward,  Jr. ;  May,  Roberta  and 
Louise.  Mr.  Boutcher  is  a  member  of  the  Pickwick  club,  the 
Chess,  Checkers  and  Whist  club  and  New  Orleans  lodge  No.  30, 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  " 


BoYCe,  Henry  ArcUnard,  of  Boyce,  E.pides  parish    Louisiana, 
was  born  on  the  Arehinard  plantation.  »««,^lexand n.J  Feb.  1-, 

lana  in  the  earlj   clajs  oi  "if^oiu  ^.  -g        ,  ^ 

Srf  fhTdr™  ''Sr' ArcS"  Bo"'e  '"and    Loniso    Prances 
'Bot-ee'  (SdTtb?  ag   .0,  76).     Th-ugf^.f  J  ^  ^IrS 

onlv  4  years  old  when  his  mothei  Oiea.    rie  ^.'^''^^'■'  ,.  -.n^-,  ,^r 

Returning  to  Louisiana  shortly  ^e  ore  the  Ciyilwaot  1861-6^ 
he.  joined  the  C-J^federate  arm  ^  in  ^vh  ch  h     -^^^^^  ^.^^. 

111  IISSi=f=H=l«S 

m  the  center  01  w  Arehinard  Boyce  married,  m  1869, 

ferAnna  a^Sd°p!1aughter^of  Dr.  John  S;.J^ planter    o^  U.,- 
ides  parish.     They  have  1  daughter,  Irene,  wife  of  Aitied 
termark   residing  in  Alexandria,  Louisiana. 

^tJ^'  M«  nr  David  French,  prominent  educator,  was  born  at 

Boyd,  Major  °™  ^,^^04  '  L  graduated  from  the  University 

Wytheville,  Va     Oct.  5    1834,  aiKl  giacluat    j^^,,^,;^,^  on  his  way 

?  r^hT^tl^id^Tin^uJed  t'J^Sp  in  this  state  -d.^e^ome^ 
idiLiiti  ,  ^h\nh  time  he  became  a  member  ot  the  nist 

ra:3s-Sti?ULt^£^r«ryj,.o,.^^^ 

^.  sirSerJivlrtedSofr  u't°  -.««-— .hi  p^ 

Mai   Boyd  was  invited  to  return  to  Louisiana  and  take  tJie  p  es 
SeHf   the   school.     He  f  J/»   -^S'S''^?  „T«LC 
L\'^td^  -ras'inS^'o't  eSgSitrrin  *    S^^^^^^ 
S'uX  the  plan  ol'tbis.  e»Uf8e,  ■,', l-'^  tt'raK  colonel 

t\T;SLit'irZ'r°;Lti'/hfr:fu\nfto°w 

r3'prc'si£'   ot  1br\lat~l   :-.?i-"?tHi^i' 
Continued  to  occupy  for  some  y^^rs,    ater  re.igni  g  to  taU  chai    e 
of  Kentucky  Military   institute    I^'e  StyTA?^^^^^^ 
^ZX:'^t^^Sr^:^\o'&^^^  university   as 


58  LOUISIANA 

professor  of  philosophy  and  civics,  which  station  he  then  con- 
tinued to  occupy  until  the  time  of  his  death,  in  May,  1899.  He 
was  married  to  Miss  Esther  Gertrude  Wright  of  Kapides  parish 
in  1865.  To  them  were  born  8  children,  of  whom  6  are  now  living. 
Boyd,  Col.  Thomas  D.,  president  Louisiana  State  Univei-sity, 
Baton  Rouge,  La.,  was  born  in  Wytheville,  Va.,  Jan.  20,  1854;  son 
of  Thomas  Jefferson  and  Minerva  A.  (French)  Boyd,  the  former 
of  whom  was  born  near  Charlottsville,  Va.,  in  1804,  and  named 
for  Thomas  Jefferson,  whom  he  and  his  family  knew  pei'sonally. 
His  mother  was  a  Miss  Magrudcr  of  Maryland.  He  was  edu- 
cated at  the  University  of  Virginia  and  married  Miss  Minerva 
French  of  Giles  county,  Va.,  afterward  practicing  law  at  Wythe- 
ville for  many  years,  attaining  the  age  of  nearly  90  years  before 
his  death.  Thomas  D.  Boyd,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  the 
ninth  of  10  children  born  to  his  parents.  The  father  was  long  prom- 
inent in  the  affairs  of  Virginia,  serving  as  a  member  of  the  state 
legislature,  on  the  board  of  public  works  and  filling  various  other 
important  commissions.  He  was  a  colonel  of  the  state  guard 
and  one  of  the  builders  of  the  town  of  Wytheville,  in  later  days 
owning  and  conducting  a  hotel  at  that  place.  He  was  a  very 
active  and  public-.spirited  man  and  enjoyed  a  reputation  for  the 
highest  integrity.  Thomas  D.  Boyd  passed  his  boyhood  days  at 
Wytheville,  Va.,  coming  to  Louisiana  at  the  age  of  14  years  to 
attend  Louisiana  State  seminary  at  Alexandria,  of  which  his 
brother,  David  French  Boyd,  was  then  superintendent.  Having 
been  prepared  for  college  by  a  private  teacher,  the  young  man 
entered  the  Louisiana  university  as  a  sophomore  at  the  age  of 
14  by  reason  of  his  splendid  preparation,  this  being  in  Sept.,  1868. 
He  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  A.  in  1872,  and  besides  took 
a  part  of  the  civil  engineering  course  at  Louisiana  State  univer- 
sity. He  returned  to  Virginia  in  1872,  and  for  a  year  assisted 
Charles  R.  Boyd  in  making  topographical  drawings  of  a  survey 
of  the  Kanawha  river,  for  the  Federal  government.  He  then  re- 
turned to  Louisiana  in  the  autumn  of  1873  as  assistant  professor 
of  mathematics  in  Louisiana  State  university  and  so  continued 
until  1877.  During  the  period  when  appropriations  were  with- 
held from  the  university  he  remained  with  his  brother,  David 
French  Boyd,  who  was  then  president  of  the  university,  and 
served  as  teacher  and  later  commandant.  When  the  agricultural 
department  was  added  to  the  university  he  continued  as  assistant 
professor  and  commandant  of  cadets.  In  1883,  when  Col.  William 
Preston  Johnston  resigned  the  presidency  to  become  first  presi- 
dent of  Tulane  university,  he  was  selected  to  fill  Col.  Johnston's 
chair  of  history  and  English  literature,  on  the  recommendation  ■ 
of  Col.  Johnston,  and  remained  incumbent  of  this  station  until 
1888,  when  he  resigned  from  the  professorship  to  become  pres- 
ident of  the  Louisiana  State  Normal  school  at  Nachitoches.  The 
normal  school  had  been  established  under  Act  of  1884,  and  had 
held  3  short  sessions  under  the  presidency  of  Dr.  Edward  E. 
Sheib,  struggling  against  the  handicaps  of  inadequate  funds, 
poor  equipment  and  insufficient  buildings,  so  that  conditions  were, 
to  say  the  least  of  it,  very  unfavorable  when  he  took  charge  of 


BIOGRAPHICtUj  59 

the  institution  as  president  and  ex-officio  conductor  of  state  teach- 
ers' institutes,  in  which  capacity  he  continued  until  1896,  in  which 
year  he  was  elected  president  of  Louisiana  State  university,  and 
has  remained  incumbent  of  that  office  to  this  time.  Col.  Boyd 
is  a  member  of  all  educational  associations  having  membership  in 
Louisiana,  and  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Louisiana  chautau- 
qua  at  Ruston.  He  has  served  as  president  of  the  Louisiana  State 
Educational  association  and  of  the  Louisiana  School  Review,  and 
has  been  a  member  of  the  National  Educational  association  many 
years ;  also  the  National  Association  of  State  Universities  and  the 
Association  of  American  Agricultural  Colleges  and  Experiment 
Stations.  In  1897  he  was  recommended  by  Pres.  Johnston  and 
given  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  by  Tulane  university.  In  1882  Col. 
Boyd  was  married  to  Miss  Annie  Fuqua,  a  daughter  of  Col.  James 
0.  Fuqua  of  Baton  Rouge,  and  6  children  have  been  born  to  their 
union.  Col.  Boyd  is  a  member  of  the  Episcopal  church  and  has 
been  a  vestryman  many  years.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Knights 
of  Pythias. 

Boylan,  Washington  G.,  executive  head  of  the  noted  Boylan 
Detective  Agency  and  Protection  Police,  with  headquarters  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans, 
La.,  and  has  resided  there  from  the  date  of  his  birth  to  the  pres- 
ent time.  In  the  course  of  his  earlier  education  he  attended  the 
public  schools  of  the  city  until  attaining  the  eighth  grade,  when 
he  withdrew  and  entered  Dufour's  college.  After  having  com- 
pleted the  prescribed  course  at  this  institution,  embracing  some 
years,  he  entered  Spring  Hill  college  at  Mobile,  Ala.,  from  which 
he  later  graduated.  Returning  to  New  Orleans  while  yet  quite  a 
young  man,  he  sought  and  obtained  employment  with  the  firm  of 
Geo.  A.  Fosdick  &  Co.,  shipping  agents  and  commission  mer- 
chants, remaining  in  the  service  of  this  firm  until  the  year  1861, 
when  he  enlisted  in  the  service  of  the  Confederate  states  as  a 
private  in  the  13th  Louisiana  volunteers.  His  command  went  to 
the  front  and  the  young  man  saw  much  of  the  carnage  and  shock 
of  strife  that  within  the  span  of  a  few  never-to-be-forgotten  years 
clouded  the  land,  darkened  the  homes  and  tore  the  hearts  of  so 
many  of  our  people.  He  served  throughout  the  great  historic 
struggle,  winning  i^romotion  in  rank  for  gallant  conduct  from  time 
to  time,  until  he  had  gained  the  grade  of  captain.  After  the 
surrender  he  again  returned  to  the  city  of  his  nativity,  secur- 
ing employment  in  the  service  of  the  American  Telegraph  Co., 
wjiere  he  remained  until  the  date  of  the  consolidation  of  that 
coi'poration  with  the  Western  Union  Telegraph  Co.,  at  which  time 
he  resigned  to  accept  a  position  in  the  Probate  court  under  the 
regime  of  the  late  Justice  Louis  Duvigneaud,  there  continuing 
until  the  successor  to  Judge  Duvigneaud  had  been  elected.  He 
was  then  appointed  chief  docket  clerk,  under  the  late  Thos.  H. 
Handy,  civil  sheriff.  During  the  incumbency  of  Thos.  H.  Handy 
as  civil  sheriff  the  supreme  court  appointed  by  Gov.  Pi-ancis 
T.  Nicholls  was  installed  in  office,  deposing  the  Republican  court 
headed  by  Judge  Leduling.  On  the  evening  of  the  7th  of  Jan., 
1877,  the  late  Benjamin  Onorato  and  Captain  W.  G.  Boylan  were 


60  LOUISIANA 

deputed  by  Thomas  H.  Handy  to  take  charge  of  the  courtroom 
and  appurtenances  of  the  Louisiana  supreme  court,  they  being 
admonished  to  keep  everything  therein  intact.  During  the  even- 
ing the  court  was  entered  by  Maj.  Loan,  at  the  time  chief  of 
police,  in  full  uniform  and  accompanied  by  Capt.  Gray  and  8  or  10 
uniformed  metropolitan  police  officers,  with  ordex's  from  Judge 
Leduling  to  take  possession.  Maj.  Loan  and  the  accompanying 
party  of  officers  were  immediately  ordered  by  Capt.  Boylan  and 
Benjamin  Onorato  to  withdraw,  which  they  declined  to  do,  aug- 
menting their  force  of  metropolitan  police  by  an  addition  of  15 
armed  men.  Capt.  Boylan  and  Mr.  Onorato  held  their  position, 
during  the  night  and  at  2  a.  m.  the  following  morning  received 
the  surrender  of  the  squad  of  metropolitan  police  that  had  been 
sent  to  take  charge  of  the  court,  the  only  condition  of  the  surrender 
being  that  the  members  of  the  party  of  officers  should  be  guar- 
anteed safe  return  to  their  homes  by  the  sheriff's  representatives. 
After  the  retirement  of  these  officers,  accompanied  bj^  Chief  Justice 
Leduling  and  his  court,  the  Nicholls  court,  headed  by  Chief  Jus- 
tice Manning,  was  sworn  in,  and  this  incident,  the  details  of  which 
had  been  so  ably  managed,  through  the  devoted  heroism  and 
cool  courage  of  those  to  whom  they  had  been  entrusted,  marked 
the  initiation  of  Democratic  government  in  Louisiana.  Afterward 
Capt.  Boylan  disengaged  himself  from  political  commissions  and 
kindred  pursuits  as  much  as  possible,  with  the  intention  of  devot- 
ing his  abilities  to  commercial  pursuits,  but  in  1885,  during  the 
administration  of  President  Cleveland,  he  was  appointed  to  the 
position  of  assistant  weigher,  in  the  service  of  the  Federal  gov- 
ernment. He  was  shortly  thereafter  advanced  to  the  post  of 
weighei",  and  occupied  that  office  for  about  20  years,  only  resign- 
ing to  enter  the  Boylan  Detective  Agency  and  Protective  Police 
as  an  associate  until  the  retirement  of  Capt.  W.  J.  O'Connor,  when 
Capt.  Boylan  assumed  the  direction  of  the  agency  as  principal. 

Bolinger,  Sanford  H.,  of  Shreveport,  is  one  of  the  prominent 
lumbermen  of  Louisiana.  He  was  born  in  Carroll  county,  Illinois, 
Jan.  5,  1855,  a  son  of  John  B.  and  Sophia  (Corbin)  Bolinger. 
His  parents  moved  to  Kansas  when  he  was  only  9  years  of  age, 
where  his  father  engaged  in  farming  and  also  in  the  lumber  busi- 
ness. The  subject  of  this  biography  received  his  early  education 
in  the  public  schools  of  Fort  Scott,  Kan.,  and  his  education  was 
completed  by  a  2-ycar  course  at  Normal  college  in  Illinois.  On 
leaving  college  he  taught  school  for  2  years  and  was  assistant 
superintendent  of  schools  at  Port  Scott  for  1  year.  After 
spending  3  years  in  the  nursery  business  with  indifferent  suc- 
cess, Mr.  Bolinger  entered  the  retail  lumber  business  in  Kansas, 
from  which  state  he  removed  to  Texarkana,  Ark.,  where  he  resided 
for  6  years.  Mr.  Bolinger  became  a  resident  of  Shreveport  in 
1902.  His  business  operations  in  Loiiisiana  cover  a  period  of 
over  20  years.  He  is  president  of  the  S.  H.  Bolinger  Lumber  Co., 
and  also  president  of  Clear  Creek  Lumber  Co.,  the  mill  for  the 
former  company  being  at  Bolinger,  La.,  and  for  the  latter  at  Reeves, 
La.,  general  offices  for  both  at  Shreveport.  He  was  president  of 
the  Louisiana  State  Fair  association  for  3  years  and  did  much 


SaNPOKD  H.   BOLINOER 


BIOGRAPHICAL  61 

to  improve  and  upbuild  this  organization.  Mr.  Bolingcr  has  been 
active  in  the  business  and  public  life  of  the  state  ever  since  he  has 
lived  in  Louisiana,  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  influential 
citizens  of  his  community.  He  is  the  organizer  of  the  Shreveport 
Golf  club,  in  which  he  has  taken  an  active  and  prominent  part. 
Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  the  Odd  Fellows  and  Benevolent 
and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  In  1883  Mr.  Bolinger  was  united 
in  wedlock  to  Miss  Florence  Green,  a  native  of  Pennsylvania. 
Four  children  have  been  born  to  this  union,  namely,  B.  Hudson, 
Minta  Ursie,  Isa  Nancy  and  John  H.  Bolinger. 

Braden,  William  C,  a  well-known  and  popular  attorney  at  Lake 
Charles,  was  born  in  Mitchellville,  la.,  Dec.  31,  1886,  a  son 
of  Charles  M.  and  Luella  (Collins)  Braden,  natives  of  Ohio  and 
Illinois,  respectively.  The  father  for  a  time  was  in  the  hardware 
business  and  later  in  the  lumber  business  at  Jacksonville, 
Fla.,  but  has  now  retired  and  is  living  at  home  with  his 
devoted  wife.  They  are  the  parents  of  3  children,  namely, 
Cyrilla,  William  C,  and  Charlie  E.  William  received  his 
primary  education  in  the  public  schools  at  Lake  Charles,  after 
which  he  enrolled  at  the  Louisiana  State  university,  graduating 
in  the  class  of  1908  with  the  degree  of  B.  A.,  and  in  1910  he 
received  his  degree  of  LL.  B.  On  leaving  the  university  he  en- 
tered the  office  of  the  well-known  law  firm  of  McCoy,  Moss  & 
Knox,  and  after  being  admitted  to  the  bar  practiced  for  a  time  in 
connection  with  this  firm.  He  later  began  independently,  and 
has  succeeded  in  establishing  an  excellent  practice.  Mr.  Braden 
is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and 
also  of  the  Knights  of  the  Maccabees  of  Lake  Charles.  He  is  a 
stanch  Democrat  in  political  adherency,  a  representative  citi- 
zen and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  leading  members  of  his  profes- 
sion in  that  section. 

Brandao,  Edwin  P.,  commercial  job  printer.  New  Orleans,  is 
the  present  efficient  register  of  conveyances  for  the  parish  of 
Orleans.  He  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  Oct.  7,  1874,  and  is  a 
son  of  Edward  A.  and  Esther  (DeMeza)  Brandao.  His  father,  who 
is  at  this  time  a  bookkeeper  in  the  United  States  sub-treasury  at 
New  Orleans,  was  formerly,  and  for  many  years,  a  commercial 
job  printer.  He  was  born  on  the  Island  of  Curacao  of  French  and 
Spanish  lineage,  and  came  to  New  Orleans  just  prior  to  the  begin- 
ning of  the  Civil  war,  in  which  he  served  as  a  private  in  the  Con- 
federate army,  being  a  member  of  Fenner's  battery  throughout 
the  war.  After  the  war  he  returned  to  New  Orleans  and  became 
identified  with  the  operations  of  the  "White  League"  movement, 
in  the  course  of  which  he  participated  in  the  memorable  struggle 
of  Sept.  14,  1874,  at  the  New  Orleans  river  front,  and  which  re- 
sulted in  the  overthrow  of  the  "carpet  bag"  government  in  Louis- 
iana. In  1873  Edward  A.  Brandao  was  married  to  Miss  Esther 
DeMeza,  who  was  born  in  New  Orleans  of  French  parentage. 
Edwin  P.  Brandao  is  the  eldest  of  4  children  born  to  his  par- 
ents. He  passed  his  boyhood  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where, 
after  graduating  from  the  boys'  high  school  he  learned  the  print- 
ers' trade  under  direction  of  his  father  and  subsequently  was  em- 


62  LOUISIANA 

ployed  about  five  years  in  the  circulation  department  of  the  Times- 
Democrat,  New  Orleans.  In  1895  he  embarked  in  the  printing  busi- 
ness on  his  own  account  and  has  achieved  gratifying  success.  He 
is  at  this  time  president  of  the  Brandao  Printing  Co.,  which 
is  easily  numbered  among  the  leading,  most  progressive  and  effi- 
cient commercial  printing  establishments  of  the  city.  At  the  be- 
ginning of  the  Spanish-American  war  Mr.  Brandao  enlisted  as 
second  lieutenant,  2nd  Louisiana  regiment,  volunteer  infantry, 
serving  1  year  in  the  operations  of  the  army  at  that  time.     In 

1904  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  city  council  from  the  thir- 
teenth ward.  In  1908  he  was  elected  register  of  conveyances 
of  Orleans  Parish,  without  opposition,  and  in  1912  was  re- 
elected to  succeed  himself,  receiving  the  largest  vote  east  for 
any  parochial  candidate  at  that  election.  Under  his  direction  the 
conveyance  office  has  been  conducted  with  great  satisfaction  to 
the  public,  owing  to  material  improvements  in  the  system  of  con- 
ducting the  business  which  he  has  incorporated  into  the  manage- 
ment of  the  office.  Mr.  Brandao  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic 
party  and  is  active  and  earnest  in  the  support  of  those  time- 
honored  principles  for  which  his  party  stands.  He  is  thoroughly 
aligned  with  the  progressive  element  of  the  business  community 
and  at  all  times  ready  to  co-operate  and  lend  his  personal  aid  in 
behalf  of  any  worthy  or  commendable  enterprise  or  movement  that 
promises  advancement  or  betterment  of  conditions  to  the  people 
among  whom  he  lives.  He  is  regarded  as  a  public-spirited  citizen, 
having  the  keenest  appreciation  of  the  obligations  of  American 
citizenship  and  the  strictest  interpretation  of  integrity,  both  per- 
sonal and  official.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Napoleon  Avenue  Pres- 
byterian church  and  of  the  Chess,  Checkers  and  Whist  club.     In 

1905  Edwin  P.  Brandao  was  married  to  IMiss  Grace  Batson,  a 
daughter  of  the  late  Robert  Batson  of  New  Orleans.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Brandao  have  2  daughters,  namely,  Esther  and  Ruth. 

Breaux,  Joseph  A.,  chief  justice  of  the  supreme  court  of 
Louisiana  from  1904  to  1914,  and  previously  associate  justice  of 
the  supreme  court  from  1890  to  1904,  has  served  with  distinction 
on  the  supreme  bench  for  a  period  of  24  years.  Justice  Breaux  is 
a  native  of  Louisiana,  born  in  Ibei-ville  parish  February  18,  1838. 
His  parents  were  John  B.  and  Margaret  (Walsh)  Breaux,  the 
father  having  been  of  French  lineage,  a  native  of  Louisiana  and  a 
planter.  In  the  course  of  his  education  Joseph  A.  Breaux,  the 
son,  attended  the  University  of  Louisiana  and  later  Georgetown 
(Kentucky)  college.  He  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1859,  but 
when  the  Civil  war  came  on,  the  young  attorney  at  once  enlisted 
as  a  private  in  the  Confederate  army  and  served  with  loyalty  to 
the  cause  and  with  distinguished  gallantry  throughoiit  the  term 
of  the  war.  After  the  surrender,  he  returned  home  and  began 
the  earnest  practice  of  law  in  1865  at  New  Iberia,  La.  Shortly 
afterward  he  was  made  president  of  the  school  board  of  Iberia 
parish  and  proved  so  instrumental  in  increasing  the  efficiency  of 
the  common  schools  and  making  their  usefulness  more  apparent 
that  in  1888  he  was  elected  state  superintendent  of  public  instruc- 
tion for  Louisiana.     While  incumbent  of  this  office  he  prepared  a 


BIOGRAPHICAL  63 

bill  remodeling  the  school  laws  of  Loiusiana.    This  bill  was  intro- 
duced and  passed  both  houses  of  the  legislature  by  large  major- 
ities, and  in  its  operation  thereafter  largely  increased  the  effective 
usefulness  of  the  pxiblic  school  system  of  the  state,  for  which  the 
able  and  conscientious  state  superintendent  has  been  widely  com- 
mended.   He  also  compiled  the  school  laws  of  Louisiana  and  court 
decisions  relating  to  these  laws,  which  compilation  was  published 
in  1889.     On  April  24,  1890,  he  was  appointed  associate  justice  of 
the  supreme  court  of  Louisiana,  and  in  1904  became  chief  justice. 
As  a  jurist  Justice  Breaux  has  attained  an  eminence  that  has  long 
marked  him  as  a  man  of  the  profoundest  legal  knowledge,  enabling 
him  to  render  decisions  that  have  been  noted  for  their  lucidity 
and  even-bearing  justice.     Commenting  upon  his  retirement  from 
the  supreme  bench,  the  Times-Democrat  of  March  29,  1914,  said: 
"Few  prominent  men  of  the  state  have  played  so  long  or  so  prom- 
inent a  part  in  its  affairs,  public  and  private,   as  judge,  lawyer, 
soldier  and  citizen;  Judge  Breaux  is  a  native  of  the  state,  of  an 
old    and    distinguished   family,   nearly   2   centuries   domiciled   in 
Louisiana,  in  colony,  territory  and  state ;  one  of  the  oldest  gradu- 
ates of  the  University  of  Louisiana  and  Georgetown  college,  one 
of  the  last  connecting  links  between  the  bar  of  today  and  the 
bar  of  ante-bellum  times,  which  ranked  so  high  in  public  estima- 
tion throughout  the  Union  and  the  world.     He  has  been  active 
since  then  in  every  progressive  movement  of  his  section,  in  busi- 
ness and  financial  enterprises,  in  the  development  and  prosperity 
of  the  state,  performing  fully  and  honorably    all  his  civil  and  po- 
litical duties.    He  has  labored  to  preserve  the  best  traditions  and 
history  of  the  state,  and  there  is  no  better  aiithority  on  those  sub- 
jects than  he  who  has  seen  and  known  all  the  great  Louisianians  of 
the  last  60  years.     If  ever  a  man  deserved  a  rest  now,  that  he 
may  give  his  time  to  less  onerous  yet  equally  honorable  services, 
Judge  Breaux  is  that  man.     He  has  won  that  rest,  and  he  has 
won  honor  also,  for  during  all  his  years  before  the  public  no  one 
has  ever  raised  a  whisper  against  him,  or  failed  to  recognize  his 
worth   and  patriotic   services."     Just   after   his   retirement   from 
the  supreme  court  bench  he  was  honored  by  the  governor  of  the 
state  by  being  appointed  a  curator  of  Louisiana  State  museum.    In 
1861  Justice  Breaux  was  married  to  Miss  Eugenia  Mille,  a  daugh- 
ter  of  Thomas  Mille.     Mrs.   Breaux 's   father  was   a  well-known 
Louisiana  planter  and  business  man  of  earlier  times  who  had  much 
'  to  do  with  the  rehabilitation  of  his  portion  of  the.  state  and  its 
advance  toward  agricultural  and  industrial  development  that  has 
brought  general  prosperity  not  only  to  that  portion,  but  to  the 
whole  commonwealth. 

Breaux,  Samuel  Locke,  leading  rice  factor,  first  vice-president 
Pan-American  Life  Insurance  Co.,  member  board  of  directors  New 
Orleans  board  of  trade,  prominent  and  leading  citizen  of  New 
Orleans,  is  a  son  of  Col.  Gustave  Aurelien  and  Emelie  (Locke) 
Breaux,  and  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  Feb.  13,  1860.  Gustave 
A.  Breaux,  the  father,  was  born  in  Lafayette  parish,  La.,-  Decem- 
ber 28,  1828.  His  early  education  was  obtained  at  the  Jesuit  col- 
lege in  St.  Charles  parish.    When  16  years  of  age  he  went,  by  sail- 


64  LOUISIANA 

ing  vessel,  mainly,  to  Northfield,  Vermont,  and  there  entered  Nor- 
wich university,  a  military  school.  After  having  completed  the 
course  of  study  at  this  institution  he  matriculated  in  the  law  de- 
partment of  Harvard  university,  Cambridge,  Mass.,  from  which 
in  due  time  he  graduated  with  his  legal  degree.  He  returned  to 
Louisiana  in  1853  and  began  the  practice  of  law  in  the  city  of 
New  Orleans.  In  1856  Mr.  Brcaux  was  married  to  Miss  Emilie 
Locke,  a  daughter  of  Samuel  Locke.  At  the  beginning  of  the 
Civil  war  he  raised  a  battalion  and  was  made  colonel  of  the  13th 
Louisiana  regiment,  subsequently  serving  throughout  the  whole 
period  of  the  war.  About  the  year  1867  he  reentered  the  profes- 
sion of  law  with  Mr.  Charles  E.  Fcnner  as  a  partner,  and  con- 
tinued in  the  profession  until  1898,  when  he  retired  from  prac- 
tice and  subsequently  gave  his  attention  to  the  direction  of  his 
plantation  and  allied  interests.  During  all  of  the  period  of  his 
residence  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans  he  took  a  very  active  and 
prominent  part  in  the  commercial,  industrial  and  political  affairs 
of  the  municipality.  He  served  as  a  member  of  the  constitutional 
convention  of  1879,  and  twice  represented  the  5th  senatorial  dis- 
trict in  the  Louisiana  state  senate.  He  was  active  in  the  promo- 
tion of  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  centeimial  and  served  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  administrators  of  that  enterprise  and  celebra- 
tion. During  all  the  time  of  his  residence  in  the  city  he  was 
owner  of  a  plantation  in  Lafayette  parish,  and  as  his  hearing  be- 
came defective,  he  determined  to  remove  to  the  country  and  de- 
vote his  talents  to  agricultural  development,  being  especially  inter- 
ested in  sugar  cane  culture.  In  the  subsequent  development  of  his 
plantation  interests,  he  became  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of 
sugar,  and  the  Lafayette  Sugar  refinery  stands  today  as  a  monu- 
ment to  his  zeal  and  energy  in  this  direction.  Col.  Breaux's  death 
occurred  Feb.  24,  1910,  at  his  home  in  Lafayette  parish,  where 
he  was  born,  and  where  he  passed  the  last  years  of  an  active  and 
useful  life,  honored  and  loved  by  all  who  knew  him.  In  May,  1911, 
a  portrait  of  Col.  Breaux  was  presented  to  the  Louisiana  Sugar 
Planters'  association,  to  be  hung  with  the  portraits  of  other  pio- 
neers who  toiled  for  the  upbuilding  of  the  sugar  industry  in  Louis- 
iana. Samuel  Locke  Breaux  has  from  childhood  lived  in  New 
Orleans.  His  early  education  was  obtained  at  St.  Philip  public 
school.  Later  he  attended  St.  Stanislaus  college,  conducted  by 
the  Jesuit  Brothers  at  Bay  St.  Louis,  Miss.,  and  still  later  the  Vir- 
ginia Military  institute,  at  Lexington,  Va.  Following  his  gradua- 
tion from  the  latter  institution  in  the  year  1875,  he  entered  the 
service  of  Payne,  Kennedy  &  Co.,  New  Orleans  cotton  factors, 
and  was  successively  employed  by  several  firms  handling  cotton 
and  rice  until  the  year  1896,  when  he  entered  business  on  his 
own  account,  handling  both  staples,  cotton  and  rice.  Since  1904, 
he  has  confined  his  business  exclusively  to  rice,  and  a  large  experi- 
ence, combined  with  a  naturally  keen  and  alert  mind,  and  un- 
failing energy,  has  brought  Mr.  Breaux  into  general  recognition 
as  a  leading  authority  in  all  matters  pertaining  to  rice.  He  occu- 
pies the  position  of  the  leading  rice  factor  in  the  city  of  New 
Orleans,  where  fully  one-third  of  all  the  rice  grown  in  the  United 


BIOGRAPHICAL  65 

States  is  handled.  March  1,  1914,  Mr.  Breaux  formed  a  connec- 
tion with  the  firm  of  Gibert  &  Clay,  and  thus  returned  to  cotton 
business  in  which  he  was  educated,  and  in  this  connection  still 
continues  the  rice  business  as  a  department  of  the  above  firm. 
On  several  occasions  he  has  appeared  before  the  Louisiana  railroad 
commissio7i  in  the  interest  of  more  equitable  treatment  of  the 
rice  interests  of  the  region  tributary  to  New  Orleans,  and  has 
been  uniformly  successful  in  his  efforts  in  this  direction.  Pend- 
ing consideration  both  of  the  McKinley  and  the  Payne-Aldrich 
tariffs,  he  went  to  Washington  as  chairman,  and  as  champion,  of 
the  rice  interests,  and  on  each  occasion  acted  as  spokesman  of  those 
interests  at  the  heai'ings  before  the  ways  and  means  committee  of 
Congress.  During  the  years  1898  and  1900  he  filled  the  position 
of  president  of  the  New  Orleans  board  of  trade,  and  is  at  this 
time  an  active  member  and  member  of  the  board  of  directors  of 
that  body;  also,  chairman  of  the  rice  committee,  the  rice  freights 
committee  and  the  freight  and  transportation  committee  of  the 
board  of  trade.  In  Jan.,  1911,  he  went  to  Washington  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  New  Orleans  committee  to  work  in  the  interest  of  secur- 
ing the  Pan-American  Exposition,  and  on  that  occasion  acted  as 
one  of  the  speakers  in  presenting  the  claims  of  New  Orleans  before 
the  committee  on  industrial  arts  and  expositions.  Mr.  Breaux  is 
first  vice-president  of  the  recentlj'  organized  Pan-American  Life 
Insurance  Co.  of  New  Orleans,  is  a  member  of  the  Young  Men's 
Gymnastic  club  and  is  affiliated  with  various  other  organizations 
and  associations — altogether  a  man  of  many  affairs  and  complex 
interests,  and  above  all  things  vigilant  and  fully  alive  to  the  inter- 
ests of  the  people  among  whom  he  lives.  April  6,  1885,  Mr.  Breaux 
was  married  to  Miss  Nina  Williams,  and  to  their  union  1  son 
Sanniel  Locke  Breaux,  Jr.,  was  born,  April  21,  1886.  Mrs.  Breaux 
died  Nov.  20J  1892,  and  April  19,  1894,  Mr.  Breaux  was  married  to 
Miss  Nina  Alice  Rogers. 

Breaux,  Hon.  J.  Napoleon,  planter  and  member  Louisiana  state 
legislature,  Broussard,  Lafayette  parish,  La.,  was  born  at  Brons- 
sard,  Oct.  14,  1867 ;  son  of  Paul  and  Mary  (Landry)  Breaux,  both 
of  whom  were  born  in  Lafayette  parish,  near  the  town  of  Brou.s- 
sard,  the  father  in  the  year  1842  and  the  mother  in  1841.  Both 
parents  are  living  at  this  time.  Paul  Breaux,  the  father,  served 
4  years  in  the  Confederate  army  as  a  member  of  the  26th 
Louisiana  vohinteer  infantry.  He  has  followed  the  avocation  of 
a  planter  throughout  life,  and  is  still  an  active  worker,  taking  the 
lead  in  the  operations  of  the  plantation.  He  lives  at  the  old  home- 
stead where  he  was  born,  and  where  his  father  also  was  born. 
The  father,  Jean  Breaux,  paternal  grandfathei-  of  J.  Napoleon 
Breaux,  likewise  followed  the  avocation  of  a  Louisiana  planter 
throughout  life.  The  paternal  great-grandfather,  Breaux,  was 
born  in  Nova  Scotia  and  came  to  Louisiana  with  the  Acadian 
exiles.  The  maternal  grandfather,  Clet.  Landry,  was  born  in 
Lafayette  parish.  La.  His  father  also  was  a  planter,  and  came 
from'  Nova  Scotia  with  the  Acadians.  J.  Napoleon  Breaux  was 
the  first  of  9  children,  8  of  whom  are  living,  born  to  his  parents. 
He  attended  private  schools  at  Broussard.  At  the  early  age  of 
III— 5 


66  LOUISIANA 

8  j'oars  he  began  work  on  the  home  plantation,  which  has  now 
been  in  the  family  through  several  generations,  and  hi  which 
he  became  part  owner  in  the  year  1905.  He,  like  his  father, 
and  grandfather,  has  made  a  lifetime  occupation  of  planting.  In 
1910  he  visited  Europe,  traveling  through  Spain,  Italy,  Ireland, 
Germany,  Switzerland,  England  and  France,  and  while  in  Rome 
had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  the  pope.  In  1886  Mr.  Breaux  was 
married  to  Miss  Esthas  Taylor  of  Lafayette  parish,  a  daughter  of 
Heilaine  Taylor,  a  native  of  the  latter  parish.  The  Taylor  family 
came  from  North  Carolina  to  Louisiana.  Their  son,  Paul  N.,  is 
the  only  child  born  to  them.  Mr.  Breaux  is  affiliated  with  the 
Roman  Catholic  church  and  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Co- 
lumbus and  the  Holy  Name  society.  From  1909  to  1912,  embracing 
a  term  of  3  years,  Mr.  Breaux  served  the  people  of  the  par- 
ish as  a  member  of  the  Lafayette  parish  school  board.  In  the 
latter  year  he  was  elected  to  represent  his  parish  for  a  term  of 
4  years  in  the  Louisiana  state  legislature,  and  is  now  incum- 
bent of  that  office,  and  is  serving  as  a  member  of  3  of  the  im- 
portant committees  of  the  lower  house  of  the  legislature,  these 
being  committees  on  education,  capital  and  labor  and  parochial 
affairs.  Mr.  Breaux  is  and  has  always  been  thoroughly  identified 
with  the  best  interests  of  the  planting  and  farming  industry  in 
Louisiana,  in  which  connection  he  has  been  a  pronounced  success, 
and  as  a  member  of  the  lower  house  of  the  legislature  he  is  par- 
ticularly alive  to  protecting  and  advancing  the  agricultural  inter- 
ests of  the  state  in  every  legitimate  way  that  such  ends  may  be 
furthered.  He  is  demonstrating  that  a  siiccessful  farmer  can  be 
very  useful  as  a  memlx>r  of  the  state  legislature. 

Brierre,  Maurice  E.,  son  of  Theodore  and  Angele  (Wogan) 
Brierre,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  March  22,  1861.  Theodore 
Brierre  was  born  in  Paris  in  1830  and  came  to  America  when  21 
years  old,  settling  in  New  Orleans.  He  was  one  of  the  pioneers  in 
the  sugar  business  first  as  a  broker,  then  as  a  merchant.  This  he 
continued  until  1888,  when  he  retired  and,  returning  to  France, 
lived  in  Nice  until  his  death,  Sept.  20,  1913.  Maurice  E.  Briei're 
received  his  education  in  Jefferson  college,  St.  James  parish,  where 
he  graduated  in  the  commercial  course,  when  19  years  of  age ;  suc- 
ceeding this  he  took  a  trip  to  Europe  with  his  father  and  upon  his 
return  he  went  into  business  with  his  father  and  brother  George. 
He  has  remained  in  the  same  calling  to  the  present  time,  adding 
molasses  and  rice  to  sugar.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chess,  Check- 
ers and  Whist  club,  and  one  of  the  city's  well-known  and  pros- 
perous business  men.  April  24,  1884,  Mr.  Brierre  mai'ried  J\Iiss 
Felicie  Burthe  of  New  Orleans,  daughter  of  Judge  Leonce  Burthe, 
deceased.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bi'ierre  the  following  children  have 
been  liorn :  ^Maurice  E.,  Jr.,  Henry  R.  and  Angele,  wife  of  Walter 
Bell  Humphreys. 

Broussard,  Capt.  Edwin  S.,  successful  attorney  of  New  Iberia, 
La.,  and  brother  to  Hon.  Robert  F.  Broussard,  United  States  sen- 
ator-elect, was  boi'n  on  the  old  Broussard  plantation — Marie 
Louise — in  Iberia  pai'ish,  La.,  Dec.  4,  1874.  The  plantation  for- 
merly was  in  St.  Martin  parish,  but  when  Iberia  paiish  was  formed 


BIOGRAPHICAL  67 

from  St.  iMartin  the  old  place  fell  within  the  newly  formed  par- 
islu  The  father,  J.  Dorville  Broussard,  was  born  on  Marie  Louise 
plantation,  in  St.  Martin  parish,  in  the  year  1832,  and  died  in 
1906.  During  the  Civil  war  the  father  filled  the  position  of  re- 
corder for  St.  Martin  parish,  but  he  nevertheless  organized  and 
was  elected  captain  of  a  company  of  home  guards.  He 
afterward  served  as  assessor  of  St.  Martin  parish  and  during  a 
period  of  20  years  served  as  a  member  of  the  police  jury  of  Iberia 
parish.  His  "wife,  Anastasia  (Gonsoulin)  Broussard,  was  born  in 
Iberia  parish  and  died  in  the  same  locality  in  the  year  1898,  at 
the  age  of  61  years.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Don  Louis  Brous- 
sard, was  born  in  St.  Martin  parish  and  died  at  New  Iberia,  La. 
He  occupied  the  office  of  mayor  of  St.  Martinville  during  several 
terms.  The  paternal  great-great-grandfather  Broussard  was  an 
Acadian,  and  came  from  Nova  Scotia  with  a  band  of  Acadian  immi- 
grants in  the  year  1765,  locating  in  St.  Martin  parish.  The  mater- 
nal grandfather,  Francois  Gonsoulin,  came  to  Louisiana  from 
France  for  the  purpose 'of  surveying  and  allotting  lands  for  the 
French  government,  and  after  having  completed  this  work  he  took 
up  permanent  residence  in  St.  Martin  parish,  where  he  remained 
during  the  remainder  of  his  life.  All  members  of  this  branch  oL' 
the  Broussard  family  were  born  at  the  old  plantation  family  home 
in  St.  Martin  parish.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  at  the 
same  place,  but  after  the  plantation  had  become  a  part  of  Iberia 
parish.  Edwin  S.  Broussard,  the  suliject  of  this  sketch,  attended 
the  public  schools  of  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born.  In  1890 
he  entered  the  academic  department  of  Tulane  university,  but  at 
this  time  only  remained  1  year.  In  1891  he  entered  the  prepara- 
tory school  of  Louisiana  State  university  and  graduated  in  the 
agricultural  course  with  the  class  of  1896.  During  the  term  1896-97 
he  filled  the  position  of  principal  of  the  high  school  at  Jeanerette, 
La.  In  1897-98  he  served  as  principal  of  the  high  school  at  St. 
Martinville.  In  the  spring  of  the  latter  year  he  resigned  to  organ- 
ize a  company  of  inimunes  for  sei'vice  in  the  Spanish-Amei-icnn 
war,  and  was  elected  captain  of  his  company,  which  became  Com- 
pany I,  2nd  United  States  Volunteer  Immunes.  The  reginuMit  ren- 
dezvoused at  Covington,  La.,  embarked  on  transport  at  New 
Orleans  and  went  to  Santiago,  Cuba,  being  the  first  regiment  to 
enter  Cuba  after  the  peace  protocol  had  been  signed,  and  remained 
in  Cuba  from  August,  1898,  until  May,  1899.  Being  ranking  cap- 
tain of  his  battalion,  Capt.  Broussard  acted  in  the  capacity  of 
major  much  of  the  time.  His  regiment  was  mustered  out  of  serv- 
ice at  Camp  Meade,  Pa.,  in  the  autumn  of  1899,  and  innuediately 
thereafter  he  entered  the  College  of  Law,  Tulaiu>  university.  After 
a  short  time,  however,  he  was  appointed  a  government  clerk  to  tlu^ 
Taft  commission,  of  which  "William  Howard  Taft  was  head,  to  the 
Philippine  Islands.  He  remained,  in  the  Philippines  until  nearly 
time  for  the  beginning  of  the  fall  term,  and  then,  in  September, 
1900,  returned  and  again  entered  the  law  school  of  Tulane  univer- 
sity, where  he  was  elected  president  of  his  class,  being,  it  is  .said, 
the  first  country  boy  to  be  honored  with  a  law  class  presidency  at 
Tulane   university.     He    graduated   with   the   class   of   1901,    and 


68  LOUISIANA 

immediately  thereafter  began  tlie  practice  of  law  at  New  Iberia, 
where  he  has  since  been  continuously  so  engaged.  In  1903  he  was 
appointed  district  attorney  to  fill  out  an  unexpired  term,  and  in 
1905  was  elected  to  succeed  himself  in  that  office  during  a  term 
of  four  years.  Since  1909  he  has  been  engaged  in  private  prac- 
tice, in  partnership  with  A.  J.  Cammack,  under  the  firm  name  of 
Cammaek  &  Broussard.  June  22,  1905,  Capt.  Broussard  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Marie  Patout,  a  daughter  of  F.  Patout.  Four  chil- 
dren have  been  born  to  Capt.  and  Mrs.  Broussard,  as  follows :  Felix 
Patout,  Edwin  S.,  Jr.,  Marie  Louise  and  J.  Dorville.  Capt.  Brous- 
sard has  been  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party  since  the  time 
of  easting  his  first  ballot,  but  recently  has  declared  hi.s  affiliation 
with  the  Progressive  party.  He  takes  an  active  part  in  politics 
and  public  affairs  generallj%  and  is  deeply  appreciative  of  the  obli- 
gations and  dvities  of  American  citizenship.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Roman  Catholic  church,  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks  and  the  Knights  of  Columbi;s.  Few  if  any  families  of 
Louisiana  have  been  longer,  more  intimately  or  more  prominently 
identified  with  the  history,  growth  and  development  of  the  state 
of  Louisiana  than  has  the  family  of  Broussard.  From  the  time  of 
the  arrival  of  the  first  representatives  of  the  family,  as  Acadian 
immigrants,  to  the  present  day,  they  have  been  filling  positions  of 
responsibility,  trust  and  honor,  and  have  not  been  found  wanting. 
John  Broussard  of  Pinhook,  La.,  has  in  his  possession  the  original 
commission  issued  to  one  of  his  and  Capt.  Edwin  S.  Broussard 's 
ancestors  as  commandante  of  Acadians.  LTnited  States  Senator- 
elect  Robert  F.  Broussard  is  a  brother  to  Capt.  Edwin  S.  Brous- 
sard, the  subject  of  this  sketch. 

Broussard,  J.  Otto,  successful  and  well-known  attorney  and 
president  of  the  board  of  school  directors  of  Vermilion  parish, 
La. ;  residence,  Abbeville,  Vermilion  parish.  La.,  was  born  at 
Abbeville,  La.,  Oct.  7,  1881 ;  son  of  Hon.  Lastie  and  Perpetue  (May- 
ard)  Broussard,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  Vermilion  pari.sh. 
La.,  the  former  in  the  year  18.38  and  the  latter  in  1857.  The 
mother  died  in  the  locality  in  which  she  was  born  in  1907  and  the 
father  in  1911.  The  paternal  grandfather,  A.  A.  Broussard,  was 
born  in  Vermilion  parish,  where  he  also  died  at  the  age  of  76  years. 
He  married  Marie  Coralie  Broiissard.  The  name  originally  was 
Broussard  or  Brassard,  it  is  said.  There  were  two  brothers  who 
came  with  the  Acadian  colony  from  Nova  Scotia  in  1765.  One  of 
these,  Joseph  Broussard,  called  "Beau  soliel" — truthful  son — 
was  the  first  of  this  branch  of  the  Broussard  family  in  Louisiana. 
He  located  in  the  Attakapas  country  in  Lafayette  parish.  Hon. 
Lastie  Broussard,  father  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  an 
extensive  planter.  When  yet  a  young  man  he  was  elected  assessor 
of  the  parish,  and  following  this  he  was  elected  clerk  of  court  and 
so  served  during  24  years.  Afterward  he  represented  the 
senatorial  district  composed  of  Vermilion  and  St.  Mary  par- 
ishes in  the  Louisiana  state  senate,  and  successively  filled  various 
other  political  offices.  After  retiring  from  the  office  of  clerk  of 
coui't  he  passed  an  examination  before  the  supreme  court  of  Louis- 
iana and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  licensed  to  practice  in  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  69 

courts  of  Louisiana.,  Ho  retired  from  active  practice  a  few  years 
previous  to  his  death.  J.  Otto  Broussard  was  twelfth  of  15  chil- 
dren born  to  his  parents,  10  of  whom  are  living  at  this  time.  J. 
Otto  was  a  student  in  both  private  and  public  schools  at  Abbeville, 
following  which,  in  1898,  he  entered  Jefferson  college,  at  Con- 
vent, La.,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1902  with  the  degree  of 
A.  B.  He  then  became  assistant  principal  of  the  Abbeville  high 
school  and  so  remained  during  2  years.  He  then  returned  to 
Jeffei-son  college  and  took  the  degree  of  A.  M.,  having  taken  the 
course  while  teaching.  In  1904  he  entered  the  law  department  of 
the  University  of  the  South,  Sewanee,  Tenn.,  and  remained  a  stu- 
dent at  that  institution  during  one  year,  then  entering  the  law 
department  of  Tulanc  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
tlie  decree  of  LL.  B.  in  the  class  of  1905.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  May  16  of  that  year,  and  immediately  began  practice  at  Abbe- 
ville, where  he  has  since  resided  and  given  his  attention  to  legal 
practice.  At  this  time  Mr.  Broussard  is  president  of  the  board 
of  school  directors  of  Vermilion  parish.  In  1905  Mr.  Broussard 
was  married  to  Miss  Minnie  W.  Putnam  of  Abbeville,  and  3 
children  have  been  born  to  their  union,  these  being  Agnes  Put- 
nam, Dorothy  Octavia  and  J.  Otto,  Jr.  Mr.  Broussard  is  a  member 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic 
party.  He  also  is  a  thii'd  degree  Knight  of  Columbus,  New  Iberia 
council;  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Abbeville  Camp;  Woodmen's  Cir- 
cle, Magnolia  Grove. 

Broussard,  Hon.  Zacharie  B.,  clerk  of  court  and  member  of  Louis- 
iana state  legislature,  Abbeville,  La.,  was  born  near  Lake  Pegnier, 
Vermilion  parish.  La.,  Jan.  26,  1873;  son  of  Minos  C.  and 
Azena  Eulalie  (Duhon)  Broussard,  lioth  of  whom  were  born  in 
Vermilion  parish.  La.,  where  the  father  died  in  the  year  1901 
at  the  age  of  62  years.  He  is  survived  by  his  wife  at  this  time. 
The  paternal  grandfather,  Edouard  Broussard,  was  born  in  Ver- 
milion parish  and  died  in  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born  at 
the  age  of  61  years.  The  paternal  great-grandfather,  August 
Broussard,  also  was  born  in  Vermilion  parish  and  there  lived 
throughout  life.  Minos  C.  Broussard,  the  father,  was  actively 
engaged  in  farming  during  the  earlier  part  of  his  life,  and  was 
identified  with  that  industry  thi'oughout  life.  He  served  through- 
out the  whole  period  of  the  Civil  war,  in  support  of  the  cause  of 
the  South.  After  the  surrender  he  returned  home  and  during  the 
reconstruction  days  served  as  assistant  tax  collector.  Later  he 
was  a  member  of  the  school  board.  He  held  either  an  elective  or 
an  appointive  office  from  the  year  1895  continuously  to  the  time  of 
his  death,  and  was  never  a  candidate  for  any  office  to  which  he 
was  not  triumphantly  elected.  Notwithstanding  this,  however,  the 
family  has  for  generations  i^ast  been  identified  witli  farming  and 
agricultural  interests  in  Southwest  Louisiana.  Zacharie  B.  Brous- 
sard was  fifth  of  13  children  born  to  hFs  parents — 6  sons  and  7 
daughters.  Of  these  6  sons  and  6  daughters  arc  now  living.  Zach- 
arie B.  attended  a  public  school  that  was  located  on  his  father's 
plantation.  Later  he  attended  a  private  high  school  conducted 
by  Prof.  R.  A.   Smith   at  Arcadia,  La.,  during  3  terms.     When 


70  LOUISIANA 

his  education  had  been  thus  completed  he,  in  1865,  returned  to 
Abbeville  and  entered  the  sheriff's  office  as  deputy  tax  collector,  so 
reuaaining  during  6  years.  During  the  succeeding  6  years  he  occu- 
pied a  clerical  position  in  the  office  of  the  clerk  of  court.  In 
1904  he  became  a  candidate  for  the  Louisiana  state  legislature,  and 
at  the  succeeding  election  was  elected  by  an  almost  unanimous  vote. 
During  the  term  of  his  incumbency  as  representative  he  partici- 
pated in  3  sessions  of  the  legislature,  there  having  been  an  extraor- 
dinary session  called  by  Governor  Blanchard.  During  these  ses- 
sions Representative  Broussard  served  as  a  member  of  each  of 
the  following  committees:  Contingent  expense,  ways  and  means 
and  corporations.  During  the  session  oif  1904  a  bill  was  intro- 
duced known  as  the  "Mermentau  tax  levy  district  bill,"  and  he 
supported  this  measure,  but  afterward  learned  that  his  action  in 
this  particular  instance  was  contrary  to  the  wishes  of  his  con- 
stituents. He  therefore  took  the  stump,  acknowledging  his  mis- 
take and  promising  to  use  his  influence  toward  having  this  bill 
repealed,  which  he  did  successfully  at  the  next  session  of  the  legis- 
lature, 1906.  He  was  elected  to  the  legislature  on  the  Jastremski 
platform,  which  advocated  election  to*all  offices  by  direct  vote 
of  the  people,  and  this  measure  was  enacted  during  his  term  as  a 
member  of  the  general  assembly.  In  1908  he  was  elected  to  the 
office  of  parish  assessor  for  a  term  of  4  years,  but  did  not  assume 
the  duties  of  the  office  until  Jan.  1,  1909,  as  he  had  been  appointed 
chief  clerk  of  the  enrollment  room  to  the  legislature.  His  work 
in  this  connection  was  so  satisfactory  that  at  the  end  cf  the  ses- 
sion the  other  clerks  of  the  office  presented  him  with  a  valuable 
gold  pen  as  a  token  of  appreciation,  and  the  speaker  of  the  house 
from  the  rostrum  complimented  him  highly  on  the  efficiency  of  his 
work,  saying  that  if  there  were  more  like  him  it  would  be  far 
better  for  the  house.  In  addition  to  these  publicly  expressed  sen- 
timents of  appreciation,  he  was  also  presented  with  a  sum  of 
money  by  the  speaker  of  the  house  as  a  further  and  more  sub- 
stantial acknowledgment  of  the  value  of  his  services.  Upon  assum- 
ing the  duties  of  the  office  of  assessor,  to  which  he  had  been  elected, 
he  put  in  much  of  his  time  equalizing  the  assessment  equitably 
between  the  large  and  small  property  owners.  At  the  end  of  the 
fii'st  year  the  police  jury  refused  to  pay  his  salary,  on  the  ground 
that  iie  had  reduced  the  assessment  to  too  low  a  point.  Accordingly 
he  sued  the  parish,  and  in  the  Disti'ict  court  and  Court  of  Appeals 
received  a  judgment.  The  case  attracted  state-wide  attention.  In 
Jan.,  1912,  Representative  Broussard  became  a  candidate  for  the 
office  of  clerk  of  court,  against  the  incumbent  at  that  time  who  had 
occupied  the  office  12  years,  and  previous  to  that  time  had  been 
assessor  during  4  years.  In  his  candidacy  he  met  with  strong 
opposition  from  all  of  the  parish  officials,  with  but  one  exception. 
However,  he  took  the  stump  in  his  own  behalf,  making  speeches 
in  both  French  and  English,  and  was  triumphantly  elected.  He 
has  been  incumbent  of  that  office  since  May,  1912.  In  Dec,  1897, 
Representative  Broussard  was  married  to  Miss  Regina  Bessan,  who 
died  in  1898,  leaving  1  daughter,  Mary  Lillian  Ruby.  In  Nov., 
1899,  Mr.  Broussard  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Eve  Thibodeaux, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  71 

and  3  childrpii  have. been  1joi-n  to  this  union,  namely:  Zacharie 
Warren,  John  Baptist  Harris  and  Regina,  all  of  whom  were  born 
2  yeai's  apart  and  in  the  same  month.  Mr.  Broiissard  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Wood- 
men of  the  World  and  the  Woodmen's  Circle.  He  has  been  affili- 
ated with  the  Democratic  party  since  beginning  the  exercise  of  the 
elective  franchise.  Representative  Broussard  has  a  strong  hold 
upon  the  confidence  of  the  people  of  Abbeville  and  Vermilion  par- 
ish, who  have  known  him  well  from  his  earliest  childhood  and 
have  good  reason  to  believe  that  he  will  at  all  times  carefully  guard 
their  inte^^ests  to  the  best  of  his  ability. 

Browne,  Eppes  Wayles,  attorney  at  law,  Shreveport,  La.,  was 
born  at  Lake  Providence,  La.,  Aug.  27,  1879 ;  son  of  Benjamin  F. 
and  Laura  Ella  (Eppes)  Browne,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  at 
Troy,  Ala.,  in  1839,  and  is  a  descendant  of  an  old  Alabama  family, 
the  progenitor  of  which  came  from  England.  Since  the  early  for- 
mative days  in  the  history  of  Alabama  the  family  has  been  well 
known  in  that  state.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war  Benjamin 
F.  Browne  enlisted  as  a  private  in  the  47th  Alabama  infantry,  and 
served  the  cause  of  the  Confederacy  throughout  the  war,  during 
which  he  participated  in  a  number  of  the  fiercely-contested  engage- 
ments of  that  memorable  struggle.  He  was  wounded  at  the  Battle 
of  Fredericksburg,  and  at  the  Battle  of  Seven  Pines  was  promoted 
to  the  rank  of  lieutenant  for  gallant  conduct  under  fire.  He  par- 
ticipated in  much  of  the  hardest  field  service  during  the  war. 
After  the  surrender  he  became  a  planter  of  East  Carroll  parish, 
La.,  and  to  this  occupation  devoted  his  energies  until  1908,  when 
he  retired  from  active  business,  and  now  resides  with  his  son, 
E.  Wayles  Browne,  at  Shreveport,  La.  The  mother  was  born  in 
Louisiana,  a  daughter  of  John  Wayles  Eppes,  a  native  of  Vir- 
ginia and  a  prominent  and  wealthy  planter  of  Louisiana.  He 
came  of  an  old  Virginia  family  of  Welsh  and  English  origin.  Mar- 
tha Wayles,  widow  of  John  Skelton,  a  Virginia  planter,  became 
the  wife  of  Thomas  Jefferson,  and  was  noted  as  a  woman  of  great 
beauty  and  talent,  possessing  the  rarest  graces  of  person  and 
character.  She  was  related  to  that  branch  of  the  Wa,vles  family 
from  which  Mrs.  Browne  descended.  Benjamin  F.  and  Mi'S.  Browne 
became  the  parents  of  7. children,  4  of  whom  died  in  early  child- 
hood. Those  surviving  are :  Benella  Octavia,  now  Mrs.  John  T. 
Barnett  of  Eufaula,  Ala. ;  Eppes  Wayles,  the  subject  of  this  sketch, 
and  Percy  Newby  Browne.  Both  surviving  sons  are  practicing 
attorneys  and  members  of  the  law  firm  of  Browne,  Williams  & 
Browne  of  the  city  of  Shreveport.  Perc.y  Newby  Browne  was 
born  at  Lake  Providence,  La.,  in  1884,  and  is  a  representative  law- 
yer. Eppes  Wayles  Browne  passed  his  boyhood  and  youth  at 
Lake  Providence,  where  he  attended  the  public  schools.  Aftei' 
graduating  from  high  school  he  entered  Louisiana  State  univer- 
sity, but  left  that  institution  after  having  completed  his  junior 
year  and  entered  the  law  department  of  Tulane  university,  at  New 
Orleans,  where  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws 
with  the  class  of  1904.  Shortly  thereafter  ho  began  the  practice 
of   law   at   Lake   Providence,   under   the   firm   name   of   Davis   & 


72  LOUISIANA 

Browne.  After  about  2  years  of  practice  here  the  firm  removed 
to  Shreveport,  both  members  changing  their  place  of  residence 
and  the  firm  name  remaining  unchanged.  In  Feb.,  1907, 
Percy  Ncwby  Browne  became  a  member  of  the  firm  and  later  Mr. 
Davis  withdrew  and  Mr.  Williamson  entered  the  firm.  Eppes 
Wayles  Browne  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party  and  has 
been  active  in  the  support  of  Democratic  principles  and  the  inter- 
ests of  his  party.  Gov.  Hall  appointed  him  attorney  to  the  tax 
colloctoi-,  which  position  he  occupies  at  this  time.  During  the  tei'm 
of  his  incumbency  he  has  made  a  mai'ked  record  in  the  collection 
of  inheritance  and  license  taxes,  of  which  much  more  .has  been 
collected  since  he  went  into  office  than  at  any  previous  time.  At- 
torney Browne  is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks.  In  1908  Mr.  Browne  was  married  to  Miss  Grace  Hall  Long, 
a  daughter  of  Bailey  W.  Long,  clerk  of  court  of  Harrison  county, 
Tex.,  and  a  granddaughter  of  Judge  Harry  H.  Hall,  who  was  a 
prominent  attorney  and  jurist  at  Hallville,  Harrison  county,  Tex. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Browne  have  1  son,  E.  Wayles,  Jr.,  a  bright  boy  of  4 
years.  The  firm  of  Browne,  Williamson  &  Browne  represents  sev- 
eral large  corporations  and  enjoys  the  reputation  of  being  a  strong 
corporation  law  firm  in  civil  practice. 

Bnienn,  Bernard,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  a  native  of  New 
Orleans,  was  born  in  1859,  of  foreign  parentage,  illustrates  the 
combined  effects  of  racial  characteristics  and  healthy  forebears. 
His  father,  the  late  Zachary  Bruenn,  who  died  Nov.  23,  1912,  in  his 
90th  year,  and  his  mother,  Deborah  Soligman,  who  died  Aug.  5, 
1874,  from  the  effects  of  medical  misdii'ection,  were  l)oth  of  Euro- 
pean bii'th,  and  possessed  sturdy  frames,  as  the  result  of  prudent 
living  and  the  avoidance  of  excesses  of  any  kind,  so  inherent  a  trait 
of  the  Hebrew  race.  Coming  to  New  Orleans,  the  father  entered 
upon  a  career  of  raei-chandising  which  lasted  from  1851  until 
within  several  years  of  his  death,  leaving  an  untaniished  record 
of  his  life's  work  as  the  best  of  inheritances  for  his  offspring. 
Bernard  Bruenn,  a  studious  youth  from  the  outset,  acquired  his 
preliminary  education  in  private  and  public  schools  of  New  Or- 
leans, supplementing  it  as  he  approached  the  years  of  maturity 
with  his  own  unaided  efforts.  He  entered  the  law  school  of  the 
University  of  Louisiana  at  New  Orleans,  -and  graduated  with  the 
degree  of  LL.  B.,  in  1881.  He  then  started  upon  the  pi'actiee  of  his 
profession,  being  taken  in  1886  into  the  law  partnership  made  up 
of  Albert  H.  Leonard,  just  then  retiring  after  a  brilliant  service 
of  8  years  from  the  office  of  United  States  district  attorney  for  the 
district  of  Louisiana,  and  Mori'is  Marks,  who  had  previously  filled 
various  Federal  offices,  the  last  being  that  of  internal  revenue  col- 
lector for  the  disti'ict  of  Louisiana.  This  law  partnership  endured 
until  the  end  of  1890.  Mr.  Bi'ueiin,  early  in  1891,  traveled  on  the 
continent  of  Europe,  whence  he  retui-ned  to  New  York  citj'  late  in 
that  year,  to  assume  the  task  of  representing  a  number  of  English 
bondholders  interested  in  railroad  and  other  properties  in  and 
near  the  tidewater  region  of  the  state  of  Virginia.  From  that  time 
and  until  the  termination  of  the  railroad  receivership  and  during 
the  period  required  for  the  reorganization  of  the  railroad  com- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  "^^ 

uanv's  affairs  in  1894,  Mr.  Brucnn  divided  his  labors  botwcon  the 
So?  Norfolk  aiKl  Portsmouth,  Va.;  refusing  an  offer  of  the 
^resdencv  of  the  reorganized  railway  company,  he  went  to  New 
piesiaency  " ^  ^         ,in  there  matters  of  detail  connected  with  his 

'wee      Indivklual   preference,  .s  well   as  eert«m   -„'      f"";'' 

^"Hr,hr  aS:\xt;r  ?;."T,1.'.i"rrs  ^eS 

"ffl         W,tl  reoaJ  1    o  the  onlv  political  party  in  Louisiana,  he  has 
ifld  inTqui      way  thl'^under^the  conditions  which  have  existed 
•     o  iSTfi  Tt  was  far  better  that  honest  well-meaning  citizens  of 
r  tlfe  sii  uirall^Ihemselves  with  its  regular  faction  politically^ 
Thei-e    hi    he  regular  party  councils,  more  general  good  might  le 
accomplshod  by  honest  men,  than  by  an  ephemenal  and  hasti  y 
JgSed  faction,  claiming  to  be  in  its  entirety    the  on^^  sa^'  ng 
o-race  of  the  Democratic  party.     Nationally,  Mr    ^nienn   always 
faJored  the  Republican  party,  because  it  was   as  he  conchided   io, 
Ir  /.v^morlintP  nnd  lastin<^  good  of  Louisiana  that  its  greatest  crops 
'-^  ug  ra  if  ic  i^^^^^^^^      yot  a  while  the  helping  hand  of  the  gen- 
era? government  to  steady  them  as  against  the  world's  competition 
of  ni??e  favored  climate  and  cheaper  labor.    Now  that  these  mdus- 
?rie^  have  been  deprived  of  almost  all  that  has  been  a  reason  of 
JheTr  sm-vival    the  position  taken  by  Mr.  Bruenn  has  been  fully 
iusfied     During  the  prevalence  of  the  dread  yellow  fever  m  New 
Orieais  in  t  e  summer  of  1905  Mr.  Bruenn,  noting  the  ineffectual 
Tttemits  made  bv  the  local  authorities  to  stem  the  progress  of  the 
n  aguf  suSSted  in  an  open  letter  published  in  the  Times-Demo- 
crafon  Aug   22,  1905,  the  taking  over  by  the  Federal  authorities 
of  all  nutrantin;  stations  then  under  control  of  the  several  state 
•      authoriS     Already  the  officers  of  the  United  States  marine  hos- 
S  service  at  the  "request  of  the  general  public,  had  joined  forces 
^i  tJe  Louisiana  state  board  of  health  and  had  «ho-n  vemarka^de 
scientific  efficiency,  with  the  resultant  beneficial  effects.     ^ 'le  'c  e^ 
thrown  out  by  the  letter  referred  to  was  subsequently  P''acUeally 
deveToped  in  "the  purchase  by  the  United  States  government  from 
the  state  of  Louisiana  of  its  well  equipped  quarantine  station  near 
the  mouth  of  the  Mississippi  river.     Ever  since  then  the  entie 
Southland  has  rested  in  perfect  security  against  ^iiy .  f urfJeT  in- 
vSn  of  the  much  dreaded  yellow  fever  plague.    During  the  fac- 
tkna    political  fight  which  prevailed  in  New  Orleans  m  the  fall 
of  1904  when  the  regular  Democratic  organization  was  opposed  by 


74  LOUISIANA 

what  was  then  termed  the  "Home  Rule"  party,  Mr.  Bruenn, 
without  his  knowledge,  was  unanimously  nominated  for  the  posi- 
tion of  district  attorney  on  the  ticket  to  be  put  forward  by  that 
party.  Tliis  honor,  highly  appreciated  because  of  its  unsolicited 
tender,  was  declined.  Besides  closely  following  the  duties  pressed 
upon  him  by  diligent  attention  to  his  profession,  Mr.  Bruenn  found 
time  to  devote  himself  to  some  years  of  busy  work  on  the  local 
press,  along  special  lines,  in  which  he  achieved  no  little  success. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  as  also  of  several  clubs 
and  of  the  charitable  organizations.  His  professional  activities 
have  brought  him  into  intimate  contact  with  the  members  of  the 
local  bench  and  bar,  by  all  of  whom  he  is  recognized  as  an  able 
lawyer  and  a  gentleman  of  the  highest  standards. 

Brans,  Henry  Dickson,  M.  D.,  was  born  at  Charleston,  S.  C, 
June  15,  1859.  He  was  the  son  of  Dr.  J.  Dickson  Bruns  and  Sara 
(Dickson)  Bruns,  both  of  Charleston,  S.  C.  His  mother  was  the 
daughter  of  Samuel  Henry  Dickson,  of  Charleston,  professor  of 
medicine  in  the  Charleston  Medical  college,  also  of  the  College  of 
Physicians  and  Surgeons,  New  Yoi'k,  and  Jefferson  Medical  col- 
lege, Philadelphia.  He  was  author  of  Dickson's  "Practice  of 
Medicine,"  a  poet,  public  man,  splendid  orator,  and  was  deeply 
interested  in  politics.  Dr.  J.  Dickson  Bruns,  father  of  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  was  a  graduate  of  Jefferson  Medical  college 
and  practiced  for  a  short  time  at  Charleston.  He  enlisted  in  the 
service  of  the  Confederacy,  was  present  at  the  fall  of  Fort  Sumter, 
liecame  a  surgeon  in  the  Southern  army,  and  served  until  the  end 
of  the  war  in  1865.  Following  that  he  studied  in  London  and  Paris 
and  came  to  New  Orleans  to  take  the  chair  of  physiology  in  the 
Charity  Hospital  Medical  college,  from  which  place  he  passed  to 
the  chair  of  practice  of  medicine.  He  was  an  intimate  friend  of 
Drs.  Samuel  Choppin,  J.  C.  Beard  and  Warren  Brickell,  with  whom 
he  founded  the  New  Orleans  infirmary.  All  4  men  were  iden- 
tified with  the  movement  against  black  and  tan  government  in 
Louisiana.  Drs.  Bruns  and  Beard  wei'e  among  the  speakers  at  the 
mass  meeting  at  Clay  statue,  in  Sept.,  1874,  and  took  part  in  the 
fight  of  Sept.  14,  that  year,  which  iTsulted  in  the  downfall  of 
the  radical  administration  of  Louisiana.  Dr.  Bruns  was  acting 
ad.iutant  general  on  the  staff  of  Gen.  F.  N.  Ogden.  At  his  death  he 
willed  his  gold  watch  to  Gen.  Ogden.  When  the  general  died,  the 
watch  was  returned  to  Dr.  H.  D.  Bruns,  who  treasures  it  more 
highly  than  any  of  his  other  possessions.  Two  children  were  born 
of  Dr.  J.  Dickson  Bruns'  first  marriage:  Henry  Dickson  Bruns, 
M.  D.,  and  the  late  Mrs.  (Margaret  Steward)  Lawrason,  of  Shreve- 
port.  In  1870  Dr.  Bruns'  lather  mai'ried  Miss  Mary  Peiree.  Two 
sons  were  born,  and  they  are  residents  of  Baltimore  with  their 
mother,  who  is  a  daughter  of  Levi  Peiree,  j'elative  of  the  former 
president  of  the  United  States.  Henry  Dickson  Bruns  was  edu- 
cated in  private  schools  of  New  Orleans  until  1876,  when  he  entered 
the  University  of  Virginia,  for  2  years.  Returning  to  New  Orleans 
in  the  fall  of  1878,  he  began  the  study  of  medicine  in  the  University 
of  Louisiana,  now  Tulane.  In  April,  1879,  by  competitive  exam- 
ination, he  was  admitted  as  resident  student  at  the  Charitv  hos- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  75 

pital.  In  the  fall  of  1880  he  attended  Jefferson  Medical  college, 
where  he  graduated  in  1881.  He  next  studied  ophthalmology  in 
schools  of  New  York  and  Philadelphia  and  came  back  to  New 
Orleans  in  1880  to  practice  ophthalmology,  becoming  connected 
with  the  Charity  hospital  as  specialist  and  in  1889-92  as  pathologist. 
In  1892  he  was  appointed  surgeon  in  charge  of  the  eye  department 
of  the  Eye,  Ear,  Nose  and  Throat  hospital  and  he  still  fills  that 
position,  besides  acting  as  surgeon-in-chief.  In  1888  Dr.  Bruns 
aided  in  establishing  the  New  Orleans  polyclinic,  now  the  post- 
graduate medical  department  of  Tulane  university.  He  was  in 
1890  managing  editor  of  the  New  Orleans  Medical  and  Surgical 
Journal.  About  1910  he  became  emeritus  professor  of  diseases  of 
the  eye.  He  is  professor  for  the  term  1913-14  in  the  Tulane  post- 
graduate medical  department.  In  1895  Dr.  Bruns  was  president 
of  the  State  Medical  society ;  in  1901,  member  of  the  American 
Ophthalmological  society.  He  has  contributed  many  articles  to 
various  medical  journals  and  in  1886  he  translated  from  the 
French  brochure  by  Francisque  Sarcey,  "Mind  Your  Eyes."  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Parish,  State  and  National  Medical  associations. 
Dr.  Bruns  took  an  active  part  in  the  political  campaign  against 
the  Louisiana  state  lottery,  and  was  chairman  of  the  parish  com- 
mittee of  the  anti-lottery  wing  of  the  Democratic  party.  He  was 
one  of  the  original  members,  and  on  the  executive  committee  of  the 
Good  Government  league  in  1911,  and  was  chairman  of  the  regis- 
tration committee  which  caused  the  striking  off  the  registration 
lists  of  15,000  names.  He  was  chairman  in  1888  of  the  executive 
committee.  Young  Men's  Democratic  association.  During  that 
campaign  there  was  waged  the  first  successful  fight  against  the 
city  ring.  Dr.  Bruns  had  personal  charge  of  the  campaign  and 
was  at  the  head  of  3,000  armed  men  at  the  polls  for  over  3 
days  until  the  last  ballot-box  was  brought  in.  During  the  Citizens' 
league  campaign,  in  1896,  he  was  member  of  the  executive  com- 
mittee. Oct.  17,  1888,  Dr.  Bruns  married  Miss  Kate  Logan,  daugh- 
ter of  Gen.  T.  M.  Logan,  of  Charleston,  S.  C,  and  New  York,  who 
was  the  youngest  general  in  the  Confederate  army,  serving  under 
Gen.  Wade  Hampton  most  of  the  time  and  was  with  Gen.  Johnston 
at  Atlanta.  He  surrendered  to  Gen.  Sherman.  Dr.  Bruns  and 
wife,  Kate  (Logan)  Bruns,  have  4  sons:  T.  M.  L.  Bruns,  law  stu- 
dent at  Tulane  university,  and  B.  A.  graduate  of  the  University  of 
Virginia ;  John  Dickson  Bruns,  educated  at  the  University  of  Vir- 
ginia and  now  a  business  man ;  James  Henry  Bruns,  law  student  at 
Tulane  university ;  Thomas  Nelson  Carter  Bruns,  in  the  public 
schools.  Dr.  Bruns  is  a  member  of  the  Pi  Kappa  Alpha  fraterpity, 
which  he  joined  while  at  the  University  of  Virginia,  and  in  which 
he  still  takes  an  active  interest.  He  is  a  member  of  the  National 
Municipal  league,  of  the  American  Free  Trade  league,  and  a  large 
number  of  societies. 

Brunot,  Harney  Felix,  well-known  attorney  and  jurist,  Baton 
Rouge,  La.,  was  born  at  the  plantation  home  of  his  maternal  grand- 
father in  Catahoula  parish.  La.,  Oct.  8,  1860.  He  is  a  son  of  Felix 
R.  and  Jennie  (Neely)  Brunot.  The  father  was  born  at  Baton 
Rouge,  La.,  in  1832,  and  died  at  the  age  of  30  years,  his  death  re- 


76  LOUISIANA 

suiting  from  pneumonia  while  in  army  service  as  a  lieutenant  in 
the  Pelican  rifles,  3d  Louisiana  regiment.  He  followed  the  profes- 
sion of  a  practicing  attorney.  The  Brunot  family  is  one  of  the 
oldest  in  Louisiana.  In  tracing  the  history  of  this  family  it  is 
learned  that  2  brothers,  Hillary  and  Sanson  Brunot,  as  French 
soldiers,  joined  Lafayette  and  participated  in  the  American  Revo- 
lution, subsequently  settling  in  the  state  of  Pennsylvania.  Sanson 
Brunot 's  sons  were  devout  Christians,  and  3  of  them  became  min- 
isters of  the  Episcopal  church.  His  son,  Hillary  Brunot,  was  the 
father  of  James  M.  Brunot,  who  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and 
came  to  Louisiana  about  1826,  locating  at  Baton  Rouge,  where  he 
practiced  law  throughout  the  remainder  of  his  life.  His  death 
occurred  in  1856.  His  wife  was  a  Miss  Jones,  and  4  daughters  and 
2  sons  were  born  to  their  union,  1  of  these  sons  being  Felix  R. 
Brunot,  the  father  of  Judge  Harney  Felix  Brunot,  who  was  reared 
in  Baton  Rouge  and  educated  at  Louisiana  state  university.  In 
1882  he  graduated  in  law  from  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana.  He 
has  resided  in  Baton  Rouge  from  childhood.  Following  his  gradu- 
ation he  began  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Baton  Rouge,  and 
in  the  same  year  of  his  graduation  was  elected  to  the  office  of  city 
attorney  of  Baton  Rouge,  remaining  incumbent  of  that  position  4 
years.  In  1896  he  was  elected  .judge  of  the  22d  judicial  district, 
and  served  in  that  capacity  until  the  year  1904,  when  he  was  de- 
feated for  reelection.  During  the  succeeding  2  years  he  occupied 
the  office  of  state  printer,  and  in  1906  was  again  elected  to  the 
office  of  district  judge,  of  which  station  he  has  remained  incum- 
bent to  this  time.  Judge  Brunot  married  Miss  Alice  L.  Laycock,  a 
daughter  of  Di-.  Samuel  G.  Laycock,  of  Baton  Rouge.  Two  chil- 
dren have  been  born  to  their  union,  these  being  Joseph  Laycock 
Brunot,  a  law  graduate  of  the  class  of  1912,  Louisiana  state  univer- 
sity, and  now  a  practicing  attorney  at  Baton  Rouge,  and  Mai-y 
Elizabeth  Brunot.  Judge  Brunot  is  president  of  the  Elks  Theatre 
Co.,  a  realty  corporation  of  Baton  Rouge.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  is  a  Knight  of  Pythias,  a 
Knight  Templar  ilason,  and  a  Noble  of  the  Mystic  Shrine. 

Buckner,  Henry  S.,  commercial  agent  for  all  the  New  York 
Central  R.  R.  lines,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Sept.  14,  1869,  son 
of  James  Buckner,  a  native  of  Virginia,  who  came  to  the  Crescent 
City  about  the  year  1853.  Both  James  and  his  wife,  who  was  Miss 
Julia  Rawls,  of  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  are  residing  in  New  Orleans. 
The  Buckners  are  of  an  old  English  family,  a  member  of  which 
Gen.  Simon  Bolivar  Buckner  was  a  distinguished  citizen  of  Ken- 
tucky. Mr.  Henry  S.  Buckner  is  one  of  11  children,  7  sons  and  4 
daughters,  all  living  at  this  writing,  and  residing  in  different  sec- 
tions of  this  country.  Those  who  reside  in  New  Orleans  besides 
Henry  S.  are  Helen,  wife  of  W.  A.  Brand ;  Christine,  wife  of  Eben 
McCall ;  and  Laura,  wife  of  Newton  Kearney ;  and  Fred  Buckner. 
The  subject  of  this  sketch  spent  his  boyhood  in  New  Orleans,  and 
received  his  education  in  the  schools  of  that  city,  and  at  Bellevue 
college,  Virginia,  where  he  studied  2  years.  He  then  went  to  Pass 
Christian,  Miss.,  residing  there  4  years.  On  his  return  to  New 
Orleans,  Mr.  Buckner  was  employed  as  trace  clerk  by  the  Southern 


BIOGRAPHICAL  77 

Pacific  R.  R.  He  was  connected  with  that  line  for  12  years,  having 
been  promoted  several  times,  gradually  reaching  the  position  of 
commercial  agent.  In  1902  he  was  offered  the  agency  of  the 
C.  C.  C  &  St.  L.  (Big  Four)  and  accepted  same.  Four  years  later 
he  was  appointed  commercial  agent  of  all  the  N.  Y.  C.  lines,  com- 
prising the  Lake  Shore  &  Michigan  Southern,  Michigan  Central, 
Lake  Erie  &  Western,  and  the  Cleveland,  Cincinnati,  Chicago  & 
St.  Louis  (Big  Four).  He  is  a  member  of  the  Hoo  Hoo  society,  and 
is  one  of  the  old  members  of  the  Chess,  Checkers  and  Whist  club. 

Bullock,  Otis  W.,  prominent  attorney,  Shreveport,  La.,  was  born 
at  Arizona,   Claiborne  parish.  La.,  Aug.   24,   1875,   son  of  James 
Monroe  and  Lula  (Kimbell)  Bullock,  both  of  whom  were  born  in 
the   state   of  Louisiana.     The   paternal   grandfather,   William   0. 
Bullock,  came  from  Mississippi  to  Louisiana  in  1859,  locating  in 
Claiborne  parish,  where  he  followed  the  avocation  of  a  planter, 
as  does  also  the  father.    Both  parents  are  living  at  this  time.    Otis 
W.  Bullock  is  the  eldest  of  9  children  born  to  his  parents,  all  of 
whom  are  living.    His-  boyhood  was  passed  in  the  locality  in  which 
he  was  born,  where  he  attended  the  public  schools,  following  which 
he  took  a  business  course  in  the  Dallas  Business  college,  Dallas, 
Tex.     He  then  matriculated  at  Ruston  college,  and  following  his 
term  here  entered  the  Arcadia  Male  and  Female  college  at  Arcadia, 
La.,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1895. 
Following  this  he  attended  the  Southern  Normal  university,  Hunt- 
ington, Tenn.,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  B.  S. 
in  1897.     After  a  special  course  at  the  University  of  the  South, 
Sewanee,  Tenn.,  he  matriculated  at  the  law  school  of  the  University 
of  Virginia,  from  which  well-known  institution  he  graduated  with 
the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  the  class  of  1907.     Shortly  following  his 
graduation  he  opened  offices  at  Ruston,  La.,. and  there  began  the 
practice  of  his  profession,  remaining  in  that  location  until  the  year 
1911,  when  he  removed  to  Shreveport,  where  he  has  continued  m 
the  practice  with  gratifying  success.    He  began  teaching  when  18 
years  of  age,  and  taught  and  attended  school  alternately,  thereby 
•  obtaining  his   education.     He   taught   for  9   years  in  Texas   and 
Louisiana,  and  was  principal  of  the  business  department  of  Ruston 
college  in  the  latter  state,  during  the  years  1894  and  1895.     His 
last  experience  as  a  teacher  was  principal  of  the  Simsboro  high 
school,  at  Simsboro,  La.     At  the  time  of  his  graduation  in  law  he 
stood  second  in  his  class  at  the  University  of  Virginia.     In  1897 
Mr.  Bullock  was  married  to  Miss  Jessie  Duty,  a  daughter  of  Mil- 
ton Duty,  of  Simsboro,  La.     Two  children  have  been  born  to  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Bullock,  these  being  Byron,  14  years  old,  and  Lyndall, 
12  years.     Mr.  Bullock  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church,  South,  and  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  being  a  Royal  Arch 
Mason. 

Butler,  Thomas,  lawver  and  planter,  was  born  in  West  Feliciana 
parish.  La.,  Dec.  6,  1840,  and  is  a  representative  of  one  of  the  most 
prominent  families  of  the  state.  The  Butler  family  has  numerous 
members  in  West  Feliciana  parish,  where  Thomas  Butler,  the 
founder  of  the  family  there,  settled  nearly  a  century  ago.  He  was 
the  grandfather  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  was  a  native  ot 


78  LOUISIANA 

the  state  of  Pennsylvania.  His  fatheu  was  Col.  Thomas  Butler  of 
the  regular  army  of  the  United  States  and  a  patriot  and  soldier 
of  the  American  Revolution.  After  hi.s  marriage  with  Mi.ss  Ann 
Ellis,  of  Mississippi,  Thomas  Butler  became  a  pioneer  settler  in 
West  Feliciana  parish,  where  the  family  homestead  has  been  long 
established.  This  most  interesting  plantation  home,  known  as 
"Cottage,"  is  located  about  6  miles  northeast  of  St.  Francisville. 
The  founder  of  this  inviting  old  place  was  a  successful  lawyer  as 
well  as  a  large  planter,  served  on  the  bench  as  district  judge,  and 
later  as  a  member  of  the  national  House  of  Representatives.  He 
was  possessed  of  a  high  order  of  intellectual  ability  and  force  of 
character,  and  carried  through  to  successful  fruition  any  under- 
taking in  which  he  engaged.  He  and  his  good  wife  became 
the  parents  of  8  children,  these  being  as  follows :  Pierce, 
Richard  E.,  Margaret,  Anna,  Sarah,  Mary  E.,  Robert,  and  Edward, 
all  of  whom  are  deceased.  Pierce  Butler,  eldest  of  these  children 
and  father  of  Thomas  Butler,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born 
in  West  Feliciana  pari.sh.  La.,  in  the  year  1817,  and  attained  the 
age  of  72  years.  He  combined  sugar  and  cotton  planting,  growing 
sugar  cane  in  Terrebonne  parish  and  cotton  in  West  Feliciana.  He 
married  Mary  Louisa,  a  daughter  of  William  H.  Stirling,  who  was 
an  early  settler  of  West  Feliciana  parish,  where  the  daughter  was 
born  and  reared.  LTnto  Pierce  Butler  and  his  wife  3  children 
were  born,  namely :  Thomas,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  James 
Pierce,  who  became  a  planter  in  Adams  county,  Miss.,  and  died 
recently  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  he  had  resided  for  some 
years ;  and  Anna  Louise,  who  became  the  wife  of  H.  C.  Minor,  a 
planter  of  Terrebonne  parish,  both  now  deceased.  Thomas  Butler, 
now  well  known  as  Judge  Butler,  was  reared  in  the  parish  in 
which  he  was  born,  ajid  given  good  educational  advantages.  After 
having  attended  college  in  Maryland,  he  entered  the  University  of 
Mississippi,  at  Oxford,  and  remained  there  until  the  beginning  of 
the  Civil  war,  which  happened  to  be  in  his  senior  year  as  a  student 
at  the  University  of  Mississippi.  He  was  commissioned  as  second 
lieutenant  in  what  was  known  as  the  Louisiana  Regular  Infantry,' 
and  became  a  part  of  the  Confederate  army.  He  went  through  4 
years  of  service  as  a  Confederate  soldier,  finally  surrendei-ing  as 
captain  of  his  company  at  Fort  Blakely,  Ala.,  after  Gen.  Lee's  sur- 
render. He  at  once  took  up  the  study  of  law  in  the  old  Louisiana 
iiniversity,  now  Tulane,  and  graduated  in  1868.  Immediately  there- 
after he  began  the  practice  of  law  in  West  Feliciana  parish.  In 
1870  he  was  appointed  district  judge,  to  fill  a  vacancy,  and  later, 
after  having  served  out  the  term  for  which  he  had  been  appointed, 
retired  from  the  practice  of  law  and  has  since  given  his  undivided 
attention  to  the  management  of  his  large  estate.  Judge  Butler 
is  owner  of  three  lar*e  plantations  and  his  ably  dii'ccted  activities 
have  been  fruitful  of  a  genei'ous  share  of  the  material  blessings  of 
this  life.  In  1876  Judge  Butler  was  married  to  Mary  Fort,  daughter 
of  W.  J.  Fort,  a  prominent  plantei-  of  the  same  parish,  where  Mrs. 
Butler  was  born  and  reared.  They  have  9  children :  Thomas, 
Mary  Louise,  William  J.,  Sallie,  Samuel  L.,  Annie,  Margaret,  Henry 
M.,  and  James  S.     Theii-  beautiful  counti-y  home  is  located  on  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  79 

Woodville  pike,  about  3  miles  from  St.  Francisvillc,  surrounded 
by  stately  trees  and  decorated  and  garlanded  with  carefully 
selected  shi-ubbery  and  blooming  plants,  indicating  a  refined  sense 
of  what  is  most  to  be  desired  in  life  and  an  all-pervading  culture 
and  graciousness  that  proclaim  the  best  in  family  life  and 
home  making. 

Butler,  Thomas  William,  successful  and  prominent  planter  of 
West  Feliciana  parish,  La.,  was  born  in  Terrebonne  parish.  La., 
Jan.  12,  1851,  son  of  Richard  E.  and  Sarah  (Ker)  Butler,  both  of 
whom  were  born  in  the  state  of  Mississippi.  The  founder  of  the 
Butler  family  in  Louisiana  was  Thomas  Butler,  a  native  of  Peim- 
sylvania  and  a  son  of  Col.  Thomas  Butler  of  the  Colonial  army  in 
the  American  Revolution,  and  later  of  the  regular  United  States 
army.  Col.  Thomas  Butler  in  later  life  removed  to  the  state  of 
Mississippi,  where  his  son,  Thomas,  married  Miss  Ann  Ellis  and 
afterward  settled  in  West  Feliciana  parish.  La.,  where  he  became  a 
planter  and  lawyer.  In  the  course  of  his  public  career  Thomas 
Butler  served  on  the  bench  as  judge  of  the  district  court  and  latei- 
as  a  member  of  Congress.  Richard  E.  Butler  was  his  second  eldest 
son,  and  became  a  planter  of  Terrebonne  parish,  where  Thomas 
William  Butler,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  reared.  In  later 
life  Richai'd  E.  Butler,  the  father,  returned  to  West  Feliciana 
parish,  whei-e  his  death  occurred  on  his  plantation.  Thomas 
William  Butler  was  the  only  child  born  to  his  parents.  He  was 
educated  at  Virginia  Militai-y  Academy,  from  which  he  was  gradu- 
ated in  1873.  He  devoted  the  activities  of  his  life  to  the  avocation 
of  a  cotton  planter  in  West  Feliciana  parish,  in  which  business  he 
achieved  much  more  than  ordinary  success.  Mr.  Butler  was  owner 
of  the  splendid  plantation  known  as  "The  Cedars,"  and  had  one  of 
the  most  commodious  and  altogether  attractive  plantation  homes 
in  that  part  of  the  state  of  Louisiana.  In  1881  Mr.  Butler  was 
married  to  Miss  Sallie  Fort,  a  daughter  of  the  late  W.  J.  Fort,  who 
was  a  pioneer  of  West  Feliciana  parish  and  a  prominent  cotton 
planter.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Butler  had  3  children,  viz. :  Sarah  D., 
Richard  E.,  and  Mary  F.  The  members  of  the  family  are  communi- 
cants of  the  Episcopal  church,  and  the  Butler  family  is  reckoned 
among  the  most  prominent,  highly  esteenuMl,  and  influential  in 
the  parish.  Mr.  Butler  never  sought  political  honors,  preferring 
to  devote  his  talents  to  a  practical  demonsti'ation  of  the  great 
possibilities  of  cotton  growing  and  other  by-products  of  a  properly 
conducted  Louisiana  plantation,  and  in  this  field  of  usefulness  as 
a  representative  typical  American  citizen,  he  was  generously  re- 
warded with  the  most  substantial  results  of  a  wisely  directed  and 
highly  honorable  life.    He  died  Dec.  15,  1913. 

Burke,  Patrick  E.,  president  of  the  Hibernia  Tnsuraiice  Co., 
New  Orleans,  was  born  in  Medway,  Mass.,  July  14,  1867,  son  of 
Patrick  E.  and  Margaret  (Walsh)  Burke,  Ijoth  natives  of  county 
Galway,  Ii'eland,  and  who  were  married  in  the  town  of  Medway, 
where  Mr.  Burke,  who  had  emigrated  to  America  when  a  young 
man,  was  established  as  a  manufacturer  of  boots  and  shoes.  Mi-. 
Burke,  Sr.,  removed  to  Stillwater,  Jlinn.,  in  1882,  and  soon  after 
retired  from  business.     There    were   3  sons   and  3   daughters  in 


80  LOUISIANA 

the  family.  One  of  the  daughters,  Josephine,  died  in  early  child- 
hood, and  another,  Margaret,  passed  away  soon  after  her  marriage, 
being  the  mother  of  4  children.  Patrick  is  the  youngest  of  the  sons 
and  of  the  family.  He  enjoys  a  splendid  reputation  as  a  business 
man ;  is  an  exemplary  citizen,  charitable  and  generous,  and  iden- 
tified with  all  movements  for  the  welfare  of  his  fellowmen.  John 
F.  and  Thomas  J.  Burke,  his  brothers,  are  in  the  wholesale  grocery 
business  at  Benidji,  Minn.  IMr.  Burke  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Medway  and  Stillwater  high  school,  and  graduated  in 
1885 ;  next  entering  the  University  of  Notre  Dame,  Indiana,  and 
studying  law.  He  received  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1888  and  B.  A. 
in  1889.  After  engaging  in  the  practice  of  law  in  Stillwater,  and 
filling  the  position  of  judge  of  the  municipal  court  for  4  years, 
Mr.  Burke  came  to  New  Orleans,  and  was  offered  the  secretaryship 
of  the  Hibernia  Insurance  Co.,  and  in  1910  was  elected  its  presi- 
dent. He  is  on  the  board  of  directors  of  the  Union  Stave  Co.  and 
of  the  Dugan  Piano  Co.,  president  of  the  board  of  control  Louisiana 
Lepers'  Home;  member  of  the  New  Orleans  council,  Knights  of 
Columlius,  and  state  deputy  of  the  order;  vice  supreme  master  De 
Soto  province  of  the  4th  degree  Knights  of  Columbus ;  past  grand 
knight  of  New  Orleans  council.  No.  714,  Knights  of  Columbus; 
president  of  St.  Joseph's  Conference  Society  of  St.  Vincent  dc  Paul, 
and  secretary  Louisiana  Colonization  bureau.  Married,  Nov.  14, 
1899,  Miss  Catherine  Gibbons,  daughter  of  Hon.  John  T.  Gibbons, 
and  niece  of  His  Eminence,  James,  Cardinal  Gibbons.  Two  sons 
and  1  daughter  were  born  of  their  union,  James  Gibbons,  Edward 
Bolan,  and  Catherine  Margaret.  Mr.  Burke  is  a  member  of  the 
Democratic  party,  but  takes  no  active  part  in  politics. 

Byrd,  Prof.  Clifton  Ellis,  well  known  educator,  Shreveport,  La., 
was  born  in  Bath  county,  Va.,  Dec.  14,  1859,  son  of  John  T.  and 
Sarah  Keliecca  (McClintic)  Byrd,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of 
Virginia.  The  Byrd  family  is  of  English  descent  and  that  of  Mc- 
Clintic, Scotch.  Col.  William  Byrd,  of  Westover,  Pa.,  was  the 
founder  of  the  family  in  the  state  of  Virginia.  John  T.  Byrd  was 
a  farmer  and  passed  his  life  in  his  native  state.  Clifton  Ellis,  the 
son,  passed  his  youth  on  the  farm,  where  lie  attended  the  piiblie 
schools  of  Bath  count.v.  When  he  had  finished  at  these  the  young 
man  entered  Augusta  military  academy,  where  he  was  prepared 
for  college.  Following  this  he  attended  the  University  of  Virginia, 
and  after  graduating  from  this  institution  began  his  career  as  a 
teacher,  which  has  proven  in  every  way  most  gratifyingly  suc- 
cessful. His  first  connnission  was  that  of  schools  at  Front  Royal, 
Va.,  where  he  remained  6  years,  following  which  he  became 
principal  of  the  Ouachita  parish  high  school,  occupying  this  station 
3  years.  He  was  then  called  to  Shreveport,  La.,  as  the  first 
principal  of  the  new  high  school  of  that  city,  this  being  in  the 
year  1892.  Prof.  Byrd  has  been  continually  connected  with  the 
schools  of  Shreveport  since  that  time,  with  the  exception  of  1 
year,  during  which  he  served  as  president  of  the  State  Industrial 
school  at  Huston,  La.  He  has  served  as  principal  of  the  Shreve- 
port high  school  6  years,  as  city  superintendent  of  schools 
10     years,    and    as    parish    superintendent    since    1908,    covering 


BIOGRAPHICAL  81 

a  period  of  more  than  21  years'  connection  with  public  educa- 
tion in  Caddo  parish,  La.  Prof.  Byrd  is  a  member  of  the  Southern 
and  National  Educational  associations,  and  of  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  affiliates  with  the  Presbyterian 
church.  In  1895  Prof.  Clifton  Ellis  Byrd  was  married  to  Miss 
Mattie  McFee,  of  Monroe,  La.  Two  children  have  been  born  to 
their  union,  namely,  Mary  and  Clifton. 

Cabell,  Joseph  B.,  was  born  in  Henderson,  Ky.,  May  3,  1862,  and 
is  a  son  of  Robert  B.  Cabell,  a  native  of  Virginia,  who  moved  to 
Kentucky  at  an  early  day  and  became  a  planter,  owning  several 
farms  in  Henderson  county.  He  died  when  66  years  old.  Robert 
was  a  son  of  Joseph,  also  a  native  of  Virginia,  who  settled  in  Ken- 
tucky and  was  also  a  planter.  Joseph  B.  Cabell,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  is  the  youngest  in  a  family  of  9  children,  4  of  whom 
are  deceased,  Mr.  Cabell  being  the  only  son  living.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  Henderson.  At  14  years  of  age, 
on  account  of  his  father's  death  he  was  thrown  on  his  own  re- 
sources. He  was  clerk  in  the  postoffice  at  Henderson;  taught 
school ;  was  employed  by  the  L.  &  N.  R.  R.  as  clerk  in  the  freight 
office,  and  under  Cleveland's  first  administration  was  appointed 
railway  postal  clerk  from  Nashville  to  St.  Louis.  After  about  6 
months  he  became  chief  clerk  of  the  railway  mail  service  at  Louis- 
ville and  in  about  8  months  was  called  to  Washington,  D.  C, 
and  made  assistant  superintendent  of  the  railway  mail  service  of 
the  United  States.  He  held  this  position  until  Harrison  was  elected, 
when  he  resigned.  He  arranged  for  the  interchange  of  mails  with 
Mexico  in  1888.  After  his  resignation  from  the,  railway  mail  serv- 
ice he  became  agent  for  the  Ohio  Valley  R.  R.,  now  the  Illinois 
Central,  at  Henderson,  and  after  about  1  year  he  went  to 
Memphis,  Tenn.,  as  traveling  agent  for  the  Blue  and  Canada  South- 
ern Fast  Freight  lines,  remaining  with  them  for  1  year  and  then 
becoming  agent  for  the  Interstate  Dispatch  Fast  Freight  line, 
which  position  he  occupied  for  5  years.  Following  this  for  a 
period  of  10  years  he  was  Southern  freight  agent  for  the  Baltimore 
&  Ohio,  Continental  line  and  Central  States  Dispatch  at  Memphis, 
having  charge  of  all  Southern  territory.  He  came  to  New  Orleans 
as  traffic  manager  for  the  Mexican  American  Steamship  Co.  and 
was  later  traffic  manager  and  vice-president  of  the  Philadelphia  & 
Gulf  Steamship  Co.  In  1907  he  established  a  forwarding  agency  in 
New  Orleans,  a  business  which  grew  rapidly  into  large  proportions 
and  in  1911  he  gave  iip  his  connections  with  other  companies  to 
devote  his  entire  time  to  his  own  increasing  personal  business.  He 
is  permanently  located  in  New  Orleans,  having  a  fine  home  at 
366  Walnut  street.  In  1908  he  married  Miss  Electra  Boyle  of 
Memphis,  where  she  was  born,  reared  and  educated.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Masonic  order.  Court  of  Honor,  Scottish  Rite  Mason, 
past  potentate  Shrine  A.  A.  0.  N.  M.  S.,  and  also  belongs  to  the 
B.  P.  0.  E.,  Hoo  Hoos  and  Woodmen  of  the  World.  He  is  a  Demo- 
crat in  politics  and  belongs  to  the  Boston  club.  Mrs.  Cabell  is  a 
member  of  the  Episcopal  church. 

Cage,  Hugh  Connell,  lawyer,  was  born  on  Woodlawn  plantation, 
Terrebonne  parish.  La.,  Nov.  15,  1859.     His  parents  were  Duncan 
III— 6 


82  LOUISIANA 

S.  and  Sarah  Jane  (ConneU)  Cage.  The  father  was  a  native  of 
Mississippi  and  the  son  of  Judge  Harry  Cage,  who  was  also  a 
member  of  Congress,  his  home  being  in  Wilkinson  county,  Miss. 
Judge  Cage  was  a  native  of  Tennessee,  and  was  a  son  of  William 
Cage,  who  was  a  "major  in  the  American  Revolution  and  the  first 
speaker  of  the  house  of  commons  of  the  Free  and  Independent 
State  of  Franklin."  The  above  quotation  is  inscribed  on  his  grave 
stone  at  Cage's  Bend  on  the  Cumberland  river  in  Tennessee.  He 
came  from  a  Virginia  family,  and  was  a  founder  of  the  State  of 
Franklin,  now  Tennessee.  The  mother  of  Hugh  C.  Cage  bore  the 
maiden  name  of  Sarah  Jane  Connell,  and  was  born  in  Wilkinson 
county,  Mississippi,  of  which  her  father,  Hugh  Connell,  was  sheriff 
for  more  than  30  years.  His  wife  was  a  Miss  Holloman.  He 
was  a  son  of  Hugh  Connell,  who  was  a  well  educated  Irishman  and 
a  school  teacher  in  the  early  days  of  IMississippi.  Duncan  S.  Cage 
was  a  sugar  planter  in  Terrebonne  parish.  When  the  war  of  seces- 
sion came  on  he  raised  a  company  of  infantry  which  became  a 
part  of  the  26th  Louisiana.  On  the  formation  of  this  regiment  he 
was  made  lieutenant-colonel  and  later  colonel,  in  which  latter  posi- 
tion he  was  with  his  regiment  at  Vicksburg,  Miss.,  just  before  the 
siege  of  that  city,  but  taking  sick  he  was  not  permitted  to  be  in 
command  of  the  regiment,  which  was  captured  in  that  siege. 
Afterward  he  served  to  the  close  of  the  war  on  the  staff  of  Gen. 
Kirby  Smith,  with  the  rank  of  colonel.  Col.  Cage  was  elected  a 
member  of  the  legislature  that  met  at  New  Orleans  in  1866,  and 
was  elected  speaker  of  the  house.  He  bore  a  prominent  part  in 
public  affairs  during  reconstruction  days,  but  never  held  office 
after  1866.  He  died  in  1885,  aged  60  years.  His  widow  is  now  in 
her  84th  year.  She  bore  her  husband  4  sons  and  3  daughters,  one 
son,  the  eldest,  being  deceased.  Hugh  C.  Cage  was  reared  on  his 
father's  plantation;  attended  the  country  schools  till  15,  at  which 
age  he  entered  the  Virginia  military  institute  at  Lexington,  Va., 
where  he  remained  2  years,  being  forced  by  reason  of  financial 
reverses  in  his  father's  business  to  leave  the  classroom  and  go  to 
work.  He  afterward  taught  school  2  years  and  operated  a  saw- 
mill 1  year,  earning  funds  to  further  his  education.  He  came 
to  New  Orleans  and  matriculated  in  1880  in  University  of  Louisi- 
ana, now  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  received  his  degree  of 
LL.  B.  in  1882.  Immediately  he  began  the  practice  of  law  in  New 
Orleans.  For  15  years  he  was  associated  with  Mr.  W.  S.  Bennedict, 
and  then  was  alone  in  the  practice  for  2  years.  In  1899  the 
present  and  well-known  law  fii'm  of  Cage,  Baldwin  &  Crabites  was 
formed.  In  politics  Mr.  Cage  is  a  Democrat,  but  in  1896  he  was 
elected  on  the  Citizens'  League  ticket  to  the  state  senate  from  the 
6th  senatorial  district.  In  1900  he  was  a  member  of  the  state  Demo- 
cratic central  committee  and  also  managed  the  campaign  of  Gov. 
W.  W.  Hcai'd,  and  himself  elected  (this  time  on  the  regular  Demo- 
cratic ticket)  again  to  the  state  senate.  During  his  second  term 
as  state  senator  he  served  as  president  pro  tempore.  Fraternally 
Mr.  Cage  is  a  Master  Mason.  In  1889  he  married  Miss  Margaret  M. 
Baldwin,  daughter  of  Dr.  Henry  D.  Baldwin,  of  New  Orleans,  La. 
Caillouet,  Louis  Philip,  of  Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish,  enjoys 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^ 


a  deserved  -putation  for  learning   al^y^nd  v^ri^as  a  mer. 
ber  of  the  lega    P^ofessu)n^  ,|^"1ed  in'e^ncational  and  .indicia 

college,  he  has  been  '^f,3*^i^,^"f  teacher  to  indge  of  the  Court  of 
occupations   from  country  school  teacnei        .1      .    .^  ^^^^^^^ 

Appeals.  After  ^™JX  judje  ^  n"w  devoting  himself  to  his 
tions  of  P^l^li^,  "^f  ^^^"""^C  n.,Xuet  familv  is  of  French-Canadiari 
profession  of  the  law  The  Cf i^^^^^^V 'J'^g  •,^,.1^  colonists.  Joseph 
origin,  having  come  ^^^'^Z'"'^; ^fl^llrxliect  of  this  sketch, 

Caillouet,  .P'-^^^-^^f-^'] -^™f  f,  aniood  h  went  to  France  where 
was  born  m  Canada.    In  eaUj  mannoo  ^^^^^^  ^^^  ^^^^ 

he  married,  and  where  ^1^^°"'  XJ^ts  Tamilv,  and  settled  in  the 
1784  he  returned  to  f '^<^"/^^^^^f  j^h  Cail  ouet,  son  of  James, 
parish  of  St.  James,  La      Lucien^^^^^^^^^^  ^_  ^g.g^  i„ 

and  father  of  Jf^^^^^^^^j^^es  Caillouet  moved  to  Lafourche 
St.  James  parish  .  J^^/f  ^^l^t^^'ion  It  was  on  that  estate  that 
parish  and  established  a  plantation^     i  ^^^^^^ 

Luis  Philip  Caillouet  was  born   (^ct2y^^^^^^  ^^ 

as  the  St.  James  plantation,  ^^^  f  "^  .^Ji/it  was  sold.  In  1879, 
the  family  until  1913,  ^^^"\.=^,j\'\^,,"lf Active  work,  and  from  1892 
Lueien  Josepli  Caillouet  reto-edf-i<-t-^^  ^ 

until  his  death  Oct  11,  191^,  '^\;X.^"caillouet's  mother,  Eveline 
his  son  in  Lafo^^^^^^-l  ?'''i,,i^Xsh    m  daughter  of  Se- 

(Benoit)  Caillouet,  of  Lafourche  P.^™^' J^?  !^  • .  r.^^  i858.  The 
tastien  and  Eloise  (Morvant    Benoit^    She^^^^^^^  ^, 

name  of  the  Benoit  g'™;^;^^^  ^^^.^.^Ter^  the  union  of  Mr. 

land  in  Lafourche.    Foiu  chi  men  w  ^^  ^^^ 

and  Mrs.  Lucien  J«f  Pl;',  ^^\\°^f  J^MrrJoachim  Lagar  The 
JudgeL.  P.  Caillouet  and  Julia,  novviu^,^^^  ^^^^^.^^^^   p^^^._ 

career  of  J^^^.g^C^?^^^;^  *  tion  fir^Uii^^^^^^^^  local  schools,  then 
suits.    He  received  his  ^ducatim   hist  m  p  ^     ^ing  with  the 

at  St.  Vij-ent's  college,  C^J^^^f-  jd;a\i.  M^^,  .^^  ^  ^^^^^^ 

degree  of  A.  B.,  m  |«'\^";"' g^jin.,  law,  he  was  deputy  recorder 
in  Lafourche  parish.  ^y^il%'l^,,7'!'„". '  .^s'tice  of  the  peace.  After 
of  the  parish,  and  acting  ^^^iv  and  ji^stice  ot  t       p  ^^ 

passing  a  brilliant  e^f.^""l^tion  before  the^stax^^^  .^^^_ 

Ls  admitted  to  IJ-f ^  7,  ^  j^^rSs  pi  of  ession  in'Thibodau. 
■       Set^SrfSer  ^rwasUcted  district  atto-foi.  the  parishes 
if  LafLrche  and  Assumption    ser^^^^^^  ,,d 

elected  district  3udge  of  the  fli;*™^^^""'? '^  ^^^^  being  elected  to 
Terrebonne.  His  popularity  -««  P^J^^Jf  l^^,^'  judge  Cail- 
the    district    3udgeship    for    6     consecuxive  ^  ^^    pi^.^t 

louet  resigned  ^^\^^^\'Y"'^f^,f'\Z^\nTey^^^^^^  He  was  a 
Circuit  Court  of  Appeals  i"?-  *  ^.^^tat"' !!!S  In  1912 

member  of  the  state  <=o^^^titntionnl  com  entnm  ot  ^^^^.^^^^^ 

Judge  Caillouet  was  a  candidate   for   ^   sup, em  ^..^^^hout 

and  was  honored  ^it^„,^!^7f,^!\^US-.  In  1890  he  married 
the  district,  but  not  ^^^ffi^i-^^^VTafouSe  parish,  a  member  of  one 


84  LOUISIANA 

which  order  he  is  past  state  deputy,  and  the  Catholic  Knights  of 
America. 

Callaway,  Isaac  Malcolm,  M.  D.,  Shreveport,  La.,  was  born  at 
Cotton  Valley,  Webster  parish,  La.,  Jan.  1,  1868,  son  of  Felix  Rich- 
ard and  Helen  Elizabeth  (Roby)  Callaway,  both  of  whom  were  born 
in  the  state  of  Georgia,  the  father  in  the  year  1834.  The  latter  also 
passed  his  boyhood  in  the  state  of  his  nativity  and  when  the  Civil 
war  came  on  enlisted  as  an  artilleryman  and  served  throughout  the 
war  under  the  command  of  Gen.  Longstreet.  When  he  returned  to 
his  home  after  the  surrender,  naturally  he  found  his  fortune  de- 
pleted, and  getting  together  such  slender  resources  as  he  could 
command  removed  from  Amerieus,  Ga.,  to  Louisiana  and  located 
in  Cotton  Valley,  Webster  parish.  He  had  been  reared  according 
to  the  prevailing  custom  among  well-to-do  Georgia  planters  prior 
to  the  Civil  war,  and  was  therefore  the  possessor  of  a  finished 
education,  which  served  him  well  in  the  succeeding  years.  Soon 
after  locating  in  Louisiana  he  married  and  settled  down  to  the 
avocation  of  a  cotton  planter,  to  which  he  devoted  the  remaining 
years  of  his  life,  with  the  exception  of  the  past  decade,  which  has 
been  passed  at  the  home  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  His  wife 
died  in  1896,  after  having  become  the  mother  of  7  children, 
4  of  whom  died  in  childhood.  The  surviving  children  are : 
Isaac  Malcolm,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Catherine  Elizabeth,  wife 
of  E.  M.  Burleigh,  of  Gibsland,  La. ;  Matthew  Madison,  of  Denison, 
Tex.  Isaac  Malcolm  Callaway,  the  eldest  child  surviving,  passed 
his  childhood  and  youth  to  his  17th  year  at  the  plantation  home  of 
his  parents.  In  the  course  of  his  education  he  attended  Belvue 
academy.  La.,  and  Mississippi  college,  at  Clinton,  Miss.,  following 
which  the  young  man  found  employment  as  a  drug  clerk  in  a  gen- 
eral store  of  Bossier  parish,  La.,  where  he  continued  about  2 
years,  his  idea  being  to  ultimately  become  a  physician.  In  1889  he 
entered  the  Shreveport  Charity  hospital  as  an  interne,  serving  in 
that  capacity  until  1891,  when  he  went  to  New  Orleans  and  entered 
the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  gradu- 
ated with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the  class  of  1893.  Immediately 
thereafter  he  began  medical  practice  at  Knox  Point  (now  Atkins), 
La.  After  1  year's  practice  at  this  place  the  Doctor  returned  to 
Shreveport  for  about  a  year's  practice  there,  and  following  this 
located  at  Alden  Bridge,  La.,  where  he  remained  until  1898,  when 
he  was  called  to  the  Shreveport  Charity  hospital  as  assistant  sur- 
geon and  superintendent.  He  remained  encumbent  of  this  position 
during  the  succeeding  5  years,  when  he  resigned  to  resume 
practice  in .  the  city  of  Shreveport.  After  about  4  years  the 
Doctor  again  returned  to  the  Shreveport  Charity  hospital  as  house 
surgeon,  which  important  station  he  continued  to  occupy  4 
years,  since  which  time  he  has  been  engaged  in  the  general  prac- 
tice of  medicine  and  surgery  at  the  city  of  Shreveport.  In  1903 
he  took  a  postgraduate  course  at  the  New  York  Polyclinic,  and  again 
in  1813  did  clinical  work  at  New  York  city.  The  Doctor  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Shreveport,  Louisiana  state,  and  American  Medical  as- 
sociations; he  is  a  Democrat,  a  Master  Mason,  member  of  the 
Baptist   church.   Knights   of   Pythias,   Benevolent   and   Protective 


BIOGRAPHICAL  85 

Order  of  Elks,  and  the  Columbia  chil>.  In  1894  Dr.  Callaway  was 
married  to  Miss  Bessie  Atkinson,  of  Kosciusko,  Miss.  Of  5  children 
born  to  them  2  survive  at  this  time,  these  being  Helen  Elizabeth 
and  Teresa.  Two  children  died  in  infancy,  and  a  son,  Felix  Jack- 
son, was  drowned  at  the  age  of  9  years.  It  is  proper  to  say  here 
that  Dr.  Callaway  is  a  self-educated  man,  having  earned  the  funds 
with  which  his  way  was  paid  through  the  educational  institutions 
he  attended.  Instances  such  as  this  should  operate  as  a  substan- 
tial encouragement  to  those  young  men  whose  paths  are  not  so 
smooth  as  they  might  wish,  and  fui-nishes  an  ever-recurring  proof 
of  the  adage  that  "Where  there  is  a  will  there  is  a  way." 

Cammack,  Carleton  Hunt,  was  born  at  Clarksville,  Tenn.,  Dec. 
17,  1876.  He  was  the  son  of  Albert  Cammack  and  his  wife,  Florence 
(Johnston)  Cammack.  His  father  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La., 
Juno  15,  1854,  and  died  in  Clarksville,  Tenn.,  July  26,  1906.  His 
mother  was  a  native  of  Clarksville,  and  died  in  New  Orleans.  The 
paternal  grandfather  of  Carleton  Hunt  Cammack,  Robert  Chew 
Cammack,  was  born  in  Spottsylvania  county,  Va.,  but  came  to  New 
Orleans  and  made  it  the  home  of  his  life.  He  was  a  commission 
merchant  in  the  best  standing,  and  a  gentleman  of  fortune  and 
position  in  the  community.  Albert  Cammack  succeeded  to  his 
father's  business.  When  the  Civil  war  broke  out,  he  joined  the 
1st  regiment  of  Louisiana  cavalry  and  served  in  it  until  the  close 
of  the  war,  when  he  returned  to  business  pursuits  in  New  Orleans, 
but  owing  to  failing  health  was  obliged  to  retire  therefrom.  When 
he  did  so,  he  removed  to  the  old  Galveston  homestead,  which  had 
become  the  property  of  his  wife,  where  he  spent  his  last  days  pious- 
ly and  tenderly  attended  by  his  son  Carleton.  Carleton  was  named 
after  his  uncle,  a  member  of  the  New  Orleans  bar,  many  years  dean 
of  the  law  school  of  the  University  of  Louisiana,  now  Tulane  Uni- 
versity of  Louisiana.  The  boyhood  of  young  Carleton  was  spent  in 
struggling  with  bad  health,  but  was  otherwise  full  of  promise. 
When  compelled  by  illness  to  lay  down  his  studies,  it  was  only  to 
take  them  up  again.  He  strove  with  every  opportunity  to  improve 
himself  at  entering  the  medical  college  of  Tulane  university,  was 
enabled  by  unremitting  application  to  graduate  there  with  the 
degree  of  doctor  of  medicine.  Immediately  after  graduating,  he 
made  a  trying  voyage  to  Africa,  pending  the  war  between  the 
British  and  Boers,  as  surgeon  on  board  of  a  British  steamship. 
Returning  to  Louisiana,  he  took  a  2  years'  course  as  interne  in 
the  Charity  hospital  at  Shreveport,  under  Dr.  Randell  Hunt  of 
that  place.  He  had  just  completed  this  term  of  service  when  he 
was  called  to  New  Orleans  by  the  illness  of  his  mother.  Upon  her 
death,  owing  to  the  critical  condition  of  his  father's  health,  he 
remained  to  take  care  of  him  in  Clarksville,  at  the  cost  of  the 
professional  prospects  which  were  unfolding  themselves  to  him 
in  Shreveport,  but  with  luifailing  perseverance,  combined  with  his 
devoted  filial  offices,  undertook  with  good  results,  the  duties  of 
practicing  medicine  in  Clarksville.  Upon  his  father's  decease. 
Dr.  Cammack  carfte  to  live  in  New  Orleans  and  entered  at  once 
upon  professional  service  in  the  Eye,  Ear,  Nose  and  Throat  hospital, 
where  he  grew  into  marked  notice  as  a  member  of  the  house  staff 


86  LOUISIANA 

and  afterwards  as  an  assistant  surgeon,  intimately  associating  him- 
self in  the  ties  of  friendship  and  of  devoted  professional  services, 
with  the  late  Dr.  Gordon  King,  then  departmental  chief  in  the  hos- 
pital. On  the  conclusion  of  his  hospital  course  here  mentioned, 
Dr.  Cammack  opened  an  office  in  the  Macheca  building,  as  a  special- 
ist in  diseases  of  the  eye,  ear,  nose  and  throat,  and  was  proceeding 
with  uncommon  success  to  establish  himself  in  practice  when  he 
was  overtaken  by  the  illness  which  caused  his  death.  Dr.  Cam- 
mack  lectured  for  a  time  in  connection  with  his  services  in  the 
Eye,  Ear,  Nose  and  Throat  hospital.  Of  a  simple  and  loving  nature, 
he  followed  his  professional  pursuits  with  ardor,  out  of  sympathy 
for  human  suffering,  as  well  as  from  the  desire  to  excel.  He  had 
no  enemies.  He  was  certain,  had  it  but  pleased  God  to  let  him 
live  a  few  years,  to  have  been  borne  upward  and  onward  by  the 
support  of  good  people  wherever  they  discerned  him.  The  words 
of  Dr.  Lynch  written  immediately  after  Dr.  Cammack 's  death 
speak  so  fittingly  and  feelingly  of  him,  that  they  are  copied  here : 
"I  wish  to  express  to  you  the  sorrow  that  prevails  among  our  ranks 
by  the  reason  of  the  seeming  untimely  removal  from  our  midst  of  our 
late  associate,  Dr.  Carleton  Hunt  Cammack,  a  man  of  strong  per- 
sonal qualities,  a  friend  of  the  highest  type,  a  comrade  whose 
absence  we  continually  miss  and  mourn." 

Campbell,  William,  of  Lafayette,  La.,  judge  of  the  18th  ju- 
dicial district,  was  born  Oct.  27,  1854,  in  the  town  of  Lafaj'ette, 
son  of  William  and  Alida  (Guidry)  Campbell.  The  family  is  of 
Scotch  origin.  John  Campbell,  grandfather  of  the  Judge,  emi- 
grated to  the  United  States  and  settled  in  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  where 
his  son,  William,  was  born.  He  removed  to  Lafayette  parish,  and 
followed  the  profession  of  civil  engineer.  Most  of  the  land  sur- 
veying for  the  United  States  government  in  southwestern  Louisi- 
ana when  that  work  was  begi;n,  was  done  by  him  with  such  skill 
and  accuracy  that  the  records  on  file  in  the  public  archives  of 
the  parish  are  regarded  as  the  authority  in  settling  questions  of 
boundary  lines.  John  Campbell,  besides  having  been  one  of  the 
pioneer  surveyors  in  the  parish  of  Lafayette,  also  taught  the  first 
school  that  was  established  in  that  part  of  Louisiana.  He  died  in 
1855.  William  Campbell,  the  Judge's  father,  was  5  years  of  age 
when  his  parents  came  to  Lafayette  parish,  and  was  a  merchant 
from  early  manhood  until  the  close  of  his  life.  During  the  Civil 
war  he  served  in  the  Confederate  army,  enlisting  in  the  26th  Louis- 
iana volunteer  infantry  as  second  lieutenant  of  Company  A,  and 
was  later  promoted  to  be  captain,  retaining  command  until  the 
close  of  the  great  struggle  between  North  and  South.  Company  A, 
which  was  organized  Aug.  31,  1862,  was  continuously  in  service  in 
the  South,  and  took  part  in  the  defense  of  Vicksburg,  where  Capt. 
Campbell  was  captured,  but  soon  after  was  exchanged.  The  his- 
tory of  the  2fith  Louisiana  volunteer  infantry  has  been  written 
by  one  of  its  officers,  Capt.  Winchester  Hall.  William  Campbell's 
wife,  who  was  Miss  Alida  Guidry,  was  born  in  St.  Landry  parish, 
a  descendant  of  a  family  that  emigrated  from  Nova  Scotia  to 
Louisiana  with  the  large  number  of  Aeadians  seeking  in  the 
southern  part   of  the  United  States   a  safe  refuge   from  British 


Pail  Cai'iikville 
Auditor  of  State 


BIOGRAPHICAL  8*^ 

tyranny  in  the  year  1765.    Onezime  Guidry,  grandfather  of  Uvs 
Campbell  was  known  as  one  of  the  largest  among  the  stock  raisers 
nf^t   Landry  parish    At  the  close  of  the  Civil  war,  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
?impbell  wie'^res^^^^^^^      of  Lafayette,  where  Mr.  Campbell  con- 
tinued   n   the   mercantile   business   and   took   an   active   part   in 
nublic  affairs   serving  as  State  senator,  and  subsequently  as  mem- 
r    of  th'    city   council.    William   Campbell,  the  subject   of  this 
sketch    was  the  eldest  of  2  sons.  His  brother,  John    died  at  the 
5f  of'  19.    After  having  been  educated  m  tl^[,  PJ-^^^.f  ^^a  les 
Trnfnvette  parish,  and  later  at  the  Jesuits    college  ot  bt.  Lhailes 
.t  r™nd  Coteau    St   Landry  parish,  William  C^ampbell  graduated 
?i-om  t  ^a? tei  instk^ion  with  the'degree  of  bachelor  of  ai-ts  in 
1876    On  hi;  return  to  Lafayette  he  was  appointed  deputy  sheriff 
durinc.  the  incumbency  of  Hazard  Eastin,  and  served  as  such  6 
years"'  In  1886  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  the  parish,  a  position  he 
filled  du  in-  8  years.   While  in  office  he  studied  law,  and,  declmmg 
a  thiiS  tei-m    entered  Tulane  law  school,   attended  1   term  and 
L  1890  reeled  his  diploma.     Mr.  Campbell  soon  became  promi- 
nent in  the  politics  of  the  parish.    In  1900,  after  having  sei-yed  a 
mavo    of  L?fayette,  he  was  elected  district  attorney,  ^'f^ff}^^^, 
S4    and  at  the  conclusion  of  the  second  term  was  elevated  by 
popular  vote  to  the  office   of  district  judge   for  the  panshes  oi 
LXvette  and  Acadia.    Reelected  in  1912,  Judge  Campbell  is  still 
aifrncumbent  of  the  district  bench,  honored  and  respected  by  his 
?ell~ izens.    He  is  a  lifelong  Democrat    always  ready  to  enter 
into  and  encourage   all  enterprises  for  the   public   good     In  the 
co^imercial  and  financial  activities  of  the  parish  Judge  Campbell 
L  l™gely  interested,  mainly  as  owner  of  farm  lands  and  as  direc  oi 
of  the  Bank  of  Lafayette,  which  he  assisted  in  organizing.   In  fm- 
Jernal  orders  he  is  a  member  of  the  Elks.    In  1875  occurred  the 
marriage  o    William  Campbell  and  Miss  Ellen  Eastin,  who  was 
?he  dau-hter  of  C.  H.  Eastin,  clerk  of  the  court  of  Lafayette  par- 
h   (diid  o?  yellow  fever  in  1867).     Mr.  and  Mrs    Campbell  had 
10  children   whose  order  of  birth  was  as  follows:  Nydia,  now  wife 
of  J   H   Mouton;  Alida  B.,  now  Mrs.  T.  J.  Breanx;  Laurence  P. 
William  D.,  Alice  M.,  Eastin  J.,  John  H.,  Felix  L.,  Milton  G.,  and 

^'capdevieiir  Paul.— One  of  the  most  distinguished  citizens  of 
L0S1TI  Hon.  Paul  Capdevielle,  of  New  Orleans,  m  ^v^iich  city 
he  was  born  and  reared,  and  where  he  has  always  residecL  The 
date  of  his  birth  was  recorded  Jan.  15,  1842,  and  he  is  of  French 
lineage.  His  parents  were  Angustin  and  Virginia  (Bertrand)  Cap- 
devfelle.  His  father  came  from  his  nat  ve  ^^-^^^Z' ^  fj^, 
Orleans  when  he  was  a  young  man,  at  the  age  of  18,  m  the  yeai 
1825  ad  in  that  city  became  a  merchant  of  V^'^^-'^'f^'^'-IZl  Z 
years  Angustin  Capdevielle  held  conspicnoiis  place  among  the 
leadhig  business  men  and  citizens  of  New  Orleans.  During  the 
adn  nrstrations  of  Presidents  Pierce  and  Buchanan  he  held  the 
position  of  appraiser  general  of  custon«  at  New  Orleans.  He  died 
fn  1876,  at  tVe  age  of  69  years.  In  1836  he  married  ^  New  Ox- 
leans  Virginia  Bertrand,  who  was  born  m  that  city.  She  died  m 
1892     She  bore  her  husband  3  sons  and  2  daughters.  They  were 


88  LOUISIANA 

Dr.  Auguste  Capdevielle ;  Paul  Capdevielle ;  Marie ;  Virginia,  who 
married  Theodore  Buddecke;  Armand  Capdevielle,  who  was  one  of 
the  proprietors  and  the  editor  of  the  well-kxiown  French  news- 
paper, The  Bee,  of  New  Orleans. 

Hon.  Paul  Capdevielle  was  educated  at  the  Jesuits'  college,  New 
Orleans,  whence  he  was  graduated  in  1861.  In  Nov.,  1861,  he  became 
a  member  of  the  New  Orleans  guard  regiment  of  infantry,  and  in 
1862  he  joined  Boone's  Louisiana  battery.  He  was  captured  July  9, 
1863,  at  Port  Hudson.  Very  soon  afterward  he  was  paroled,  and 
later  on  joined  Legardeur's  battery,  and  served  the  Confederacy 
till  the  close  of  the  war,  when  he  was  paroled.  May  2,  1865,  at 
Greensboro,  N.  C.  He  walked  in  return  to  his  home,  and  there 
took  up  again  the  life  of  the  civilian  by  applying  himself  to  the 
first  offered  employment.  Diligently  employing  his  time  and  en- 
ergies and  meanwhile  took  up  the  study  of  law.  April  8,  1868,  Mr. 
Capdevielle  graduated  in  law  from  the  Tulane  university,  and 
thereafter,  until  1892,  he  was  actively  and  successfully  engaged 
in  the  practice  of  law  at  New  Orleans.  He  rose  rapidly  in  his  pro- 
fession and  in  the  business  life  and  public  affairs  in  New  Orleans. 
In  1892  he  gave  up  the  practice  of  law  to  devote  his  time  to  in- 
creasing business  affairs,  especially  to  his  duties  as  president  of 
the  Merchants'  Insurance  Co.,  which  did  a  very  large  business  for 
a  number  of  years,  but  was  finally  sold  and  liquidated.  He  was 
its  president  for  13  years.  In  1877  Mr.  Capdevielle  was  appointed, 
by  Gov.  NichoUs,  a  member  of  the  state  school  board,  and  while 
he  was  a  member  of  this  board  the  entire  school  system  of  the 
state  was  organized  along  lines  of  effectual  work.  Subsequently 
Mr.  Capdevielle  was  appointed  a  member  of  the  New  Orleans  levee 
board.  In  1899  he  was  elected  mayor  of  New  Orleans.  This  position 
he  held  for  5  years,  expiring  in  December  of  1904.  As  mayor  he 
was  one  of  the  most  popular  officials  who  had  ever  filled  that  ex- 
alted and  responsible  jjosition.  His  administration  marked  an  im- 
portant epoch  in  the  municipal  history  of  New  Orleans.  Aside 
from  labor  and  other  troubles,  which  were  satisfactorilj-  adjusted, 
there  devolved  upon  Mayor  Capdevielle  the  difficult  task  of  steer- 
ing the  drainage  and  sewerage  and  water  .system  of  the  city 
through  their  most  important  constructive  planning,  which  was 
performed  with  conservative  and  business  like  direction.  He  broke 
the  ground  for  the  first  excavations  for  the  sewerage  and  drainage 
system  of  the  city.  But  there  were  many  other  important  numicipal 
affairs  which  arose  during  his  administration.  Among  these  were 
the  river  front  and  belt  railroad  conservations,  and  all  were  han- 
dled in  sagacious  manner.  While  he  was  mayor  he  publiejy  re- 
ceived President  McKinley  when  the  president  visited  the  city  at 
the  time  of  the  celebration  of  the  100th  anniversary  of  the  Louisi- 
ana purchase. 

In  Nov.,  1904,  Mr.  Capdevielle  was  appointed,  by  Gov.  Blanch- 
ard,  auditor  of  public  accounts  of  the  state  of  Louisiana,  and  in 
1908  he  was  elected  to  succeed  liimsclf  in  this  office,  and  again 
in  1912.  He  is  now  serving  his  third  term  in  this  position,  in  which 
he  has  distinguished  himself  for  careful  and  painstaking  attention 
to  the  affairs  of  the  state. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  89 

Mr.  Capdevielle  was  decorated,  in  1902,  by  the  French  gov- 
ernment, with  the  Cross  of  the  Legion  of  Honor,  and  in  the  same 
year  another  high  honor  came  to  him,  when  King  Oscar  of  Nor- 
way and  Sweden  decorated  him,  as  one  of  a  very  limited  few, 
with  the  Cross  of  Commander  of  the  Order  of  Saint  Olaff,  a  dis- 
tinction rarely  accorded  an  American  citizen.  Upon  him  was  con- 
ferred, by  the  United  Daughters  of  the  Confederacy,  the  Cross  of 
Honor,  and  in  1904  the  St.  Louis  university  conferred  upon  him 
the  degree  of  LL.  D.  Mr.  Capdevielle  is  a  devout  Christian.  His 
religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  society,  of  the  Sodality  of  the 
Virgin,  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  of  the  Benevolent  &  Protec- 
tive Order  of  Elks,  and  other  fraternal  organizations.  He  was  at 
one  time  president  of  the  Pickwick  club.  In  1878  he  married  Marie 
Emma  Larue,  and  they  are  the  parents  of  the  following  children: 
Paul,  Auguste,  Yvonne,  Christian,  Edith  and  James. 

Cappel,  Joseph,  J.,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  Avoyelles 
parish,  La.,  Aug.  31,  1877 ;  son  of  Samuel  and  Mattie  (Thompson) 
Cappel,  both  natives  of  Louisiana,  the  former  of  the  same  parish 
in  which  the  birth  of  the  son  occurred,  and  the  latter  of  St.  Landry 
parish.  Samuel  Cappel,  the  father,  conducted  a  general  merchan- 
dise store  and  did  a  contracting  business  in  Avoyelles  parish  for 
many  years.  He  is  now  retired,  and  resides  at  Evergreen,  La.  The 
mother's  death  occurred  Dec.  23, 1912,  at  the  age  of  57  years.  The 
paternal  grandfather,  Joseph  Cappel,  also  was  a  native  of  Avoyelles 
parish,  where  he  was  a  well-known  merchant  and  planter.  The 
paternal  grandmother,  Sarah  Jane  (Curry)  Cappel,  was  born  in 
Avoyelles  parish,  and  survives  at  this  time.  The  paternal  great- 
grandfather, Charles  Cappel,  was  a  native  of  Diefendorf,  German 
empire,  and  upon  coming  to  America  located  in  Avoyelles  parish 
and  became  a  large  planter.  He  was  the  first  sheriff  of  that  par- 
ish. The  paternal  great-grandmother,  Agnes  (Permin)  Cappel,  was 
of  French-Canadian  parentage,  but  was  born  in  Avoyelles  parish. 
She  attained  the  age  of  92  years.  Fourteen  children,  13  of  whom 
are  now  living,  were  born  to  Samuel  Cappel  and  wife,  these  being : 
Joseph  J.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  John  Ogden,  druggist,  at 
Bronson,  Tex.;  Stella,  widow  of  D.  P.  Savant,  Shreveport,  La.; 
Samuel  C,  Jr.,  LL.  D.,  at  Elcampo,  Tex.;  Calvin  D.,  with  Wells 
Fargo  Express  Co.,  Bunkie,  La. ;  Sadie,  wife  of  0.  0.  Latimer,  Ben- 
ford,  Tex. ;  Marshall  T.,  D.  D.  S.,  at  Bogalusa,  La. ;  Marvin,  M.  D., 
Alexandria,  La. ;  Jack,  a  student  in  medical  department  of  Tulane 
university;  Thomas,  of  Fullerton,  La.;  Powell,  at  school;  Leslie  K., 
student ;  Rodney,  student ;  Price,  died  in  infancy.  Joseph  J.  Cappel 
Attended  the  public  schools  of  his  home  pari.sh,  graduating  from 
the  high  school,  and  shortly  thereafter  entered  the  New  Orleans 
College  of  Dentistry,  Tulane  university,  graduating  with  the  de- 
gree of  D.  D.  S.  in  the  class  of  1908.  Dr.  Cappel  has  been  engaged 
in  active  practice  of  his  profession  since  the  latter  year,  and  finds 
the  growing  requirements  of  his  professional  clientele  demand  his 
undivided  attention.  He  is  a  member  of  the  First  and  Second  Dis- 
trict Dental  society.  Jan.  26,  1909,  Dr.  Cappel  was  married  to  Miss 


90  LOUISIANA 

Cecile  Gautrcaux,  and  to  them  2  children  have  been  born,  namely : 
Sterling  Mary  and  Marvin  B. 

Carpenter,  Alvin  C,  7800  Nelson  street,  New  Orleans,  La., 
was  born  at  South  Bend,  St.  Joseph  county,  Ind.,  Oct.  26,  1869 ;  son 
of  William  Daily  and  Jennie  (Brown)  Cai-penter,  the  former  of 
whom  was  born  in  1842  and  the  latter  1843.  Alvin  C.  received  his 
earlier  education  in  the  schools  of  his  native  city,  following  which 
he  was  there  engaged  in  industrial  piirsuits  for  some  years,  and 
afterward  passed  over  into  the  neighboring  state  of  Ohio  for  the 
more  advantageous  exercise  of  his  abilities.  Later,  however,  he 
came  South  and  located  at  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  for 
about  15  years  past  he  has  made  his  home.  Since  1897  Mr.  Car- 
penter has  been  in  the  responsible  position  of  manager  for  the 
Gulf  Bag  Co.  of  New  Orleans,  and  at  this  time  also  fills  the  post 
of  president  of  the  Credit  Men's  association.  He  is  a  republican, 
and  is  honored  with  the  office  of  secretary-treasiirer  of  the  Re- 
publican state  central  committee.  He  has  been  a  candidate,  on 
the  Republican  ticket,  for  state  superintendent  of  public  instruc- 
tion, but  failed  of  election.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  and  has  the  military  record  of  second  lieutenant,  Indiana 
national  guard ;  battalion  adjutant,  8th  regiment,  Ohio  national 
guard;  lieutenant,  naval  brigade.  New  Orleans,  La.  In  June,  1896, 
Mr.  Carpenter  was  married  to  Miss  Helen  Harding.  They  have 
no  children. 

Carter,  Henry  Josiah,  New  Orleans,  attorney  and  clerk  of  United 
States  District  coui't,  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  Orleans  parish.  La., 
April  1,  1861 ;  son  of  John  B.  Carter,  born  at  Portland,  Me.,  and 
Mary  S.  (Whitney)  Carter,  born  at  Bennington,  Vt.  John  B.,  the 
father,  was  the  first  superintendent  of  the  public  schools  of  the  city 
of  New  Orleans.  Henry  Josiah,  after  passing  through  the  public 
schools  of  New  Orleans,  and  successively  the  Louisiana  state  uni- 
versity and  agricultural  and  mechanical  college,  entered  Tulane 
university,  at  New  Orleans,  and  in  the  year  1886  graduated  in  law 
from  that  institution.  May  27,  the  same  year,  he  was  admitted 
to  practice  before  the  supreme  court  of  Louisiana.  Much  of  Mr. 
Carter's  experience  has  been  in  an  official  capacity  and  of  such 
nature  as  to  afford  him  exceptional  advantages  in  acquiring  a 
wide  knowledge  of  men  and  affairs  in  Louisiana  and  throughout 
the  country.  Prior  to  his  graduation  in  law  he  had  for  some 
years  occupied  the  position  of  auditor  at  the  New  Orleans  post- 
office,  only  leaving  this  place  in  May,  1885.  In  1888,  his  abilities 
seeming  to  peculiarly  qualify  him  for  such  a  post,  he  was  ap- 
pointed deputy  clerk  of  the  United  States  Circuit  court  at  New 
Orleans,  and  he  so  remained  until  the  time  of  his  advancement  to 
the  more  important  position  of  clerk  of  the  same  court,  which 
took  place  in  1902.  In  1888  Mr.  Carter  enlisted  as  a  private  in 
Company  C,  Southern  Athletic  battalion,  Louisiana  state  militia, 
and  served  the  regulation  3  years  term  of  enlistment.  He  is  affili- 
ated with  the  Repiiblican  party  organization  and  with  the  Protest- 
ant Episcopal  church,  his  membership  being  with  the  Church  of 
the  Annunciation,  New  Orleans.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Chess, 
Checkers   &   Whist  club,   the  American  Bar  association,   and  St. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  91 

Andrew's  brotherhood.  Dec.  26,  1898,  Mr.  Carter  was  married  to 
Miss  Lillian  M.  Ferry  (now  deceased),  daughter  of  Edward  M. 
and  Hattie  (Morton)  Ferrv,  of  East  Hampton,  Mass.  Their  only 
child,  Ruth  U.,  was  born  March  3,  1900,  and  died  Feb.  24,  1914. 

Carter,  Thaddeus  A.,  well-known  attorney  and  member  of  the 
state  legislature  from  Alexandria,  was  born  in  Natchitoches  parish. 
La.,  Sept.  5,  1876,  the  son  of  A.  V.  and  Mary  J.  (Ponder)  Carter. 
His  father  was  born  in  Mississippi  and  came  to  Louisiana  when  a 
boy  with  his  parents,  Isaac  F.  and  Margaret  (Holden)  Carter, 
who  were  planters.  A.  V.  Carter  was  a  prominent  politican  and 
held  many  offices  in  the  state.  He  established  the  experimental  sta- 
tion at  Calhoun,  La.,  and  lived  to  be  64  years  old.  In  reconstruc- 
tion days  he  took  a  leading  part  in  public  affairs.  Mrs.  Mary 
(Ponder)  Carter  was  born  and  reared  in  Georgia  and  lived  to  be 
70  years  old.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  A.  V.  Carter  were  the  parents  of  6 
children,  as  follows:  Isaac  F.,  deceased;  Ponder  S.,  attorney  at 
Toyah,  Tex. ;  E.  A.,  a  planter  at  Calhoun,  La. ;  Lillian,  the  wife 
of  James  W.  Mitchell,  of  Brownwood,  Tex. ;  Bessie,  the  wife  of 
Joseph  L.  Barber,  of  Fort  Jessup,  La.,  and  Thaddeus  A.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch.  Mr.  Carter  is  the  sixth  child  of  the  family. 
His  boyhood  days  were  spent  on  the  plantation  and  his  early 
schooling  was  received  at  Fort  Jessup,  La.,  finishing  at  Tulane 
university.  Following  his  graduation,  3  years  were  spent  in  west 
Texas,  and  upon  returning  to  Louisiana  he  located  at  Alexandria, 
where  he  took  up  the  fire  insurance  and  real  estate  business.  In  1905 
he  entered  the  law  offices  of  Robert  P.  Hunter  &  Sons  as  a  law 
student,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  May  13,  1907,  and  began 
practice  on  his  own  responsibility  the  same  year  at  Alexandria, 
where  he  is  still  following  the  profession.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
House  of  Representatives  from  Rapides  parish,  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  order.  Knights  Templar,  Eastern  Star,  Knights  of  Pythias 
and  Woodmen  of  the  World.  He  was  married  May  2,  1902,  to  Alma 
Jones,  daughter  of  Frank  and  Mary  Jones,  of  Atlanta,  Ga.,  where 
Mrs.  Carter  was  born,  reared  and  edi;cated.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Carter 
have  3  daughters,  as  follows :  Dora,  Lillian  and  Mary. 

Caruthers,  Dr.  J.  Allen,  M.  D.,  specialist  in  diseases  of  the  eye, 
ear,  nose  and  throat.  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  was  born  in  Hill  county, 
Texas,  Nov.  4,  1874;  son  of  Samuel  and  Lula  (Cox)  Canithers,  the 
former  of  whom  was  a  native  of  Texas  and  the  latter  of  the  state 
of  Virginia.  The  father  died  at  the  age  of  74  years  and  the  mother 
at  .55.  J.  Allen  Caruthers  was  the  sixth  of  12  children  born  to 
his  parents.  Of  these  12  children,  9  survive  at  this  time.  J.  Allen 
received  his  eai'lier  education  in  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born. 
Later  he  became  a  student  in  the  medical  department  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Texas,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
M.  D.,  in  the  class  of  1899.  During  the  Spanish-American  war  he 
served  as  steward  of  the  1st  United  States  volunteer  infantry.  In 
December,  1900,  he  located  at  Baton  Rouge,  and  began  practice 
as  a  specialist  in  diseases  of  the  eye,  ear,  nose  and  throat,  of  which 
he  had  made  a  special  study  in  hospitals  at  New  Orleans.  The 
doctor  is  a  member  of  the  American  Medical  association  and  the 
Southern  Medical  society,  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  and 


92  LOUISIANA 

the  Benevolent  &  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  being  a  past  district 
deputy  in  the  latter  organization.  In  the  year  1900  Dr.  Caruthers 
was  married  to  Miss  Lula  Heidingsfelder,  a  native  of  New  Orleans 
and  a  daughter  of  Moses  Heidingsfelder,  of  that  city.  Dr.  and 
Mr.s.  Caruthers  have  no  children.  The  doctor  enjoys  a  wide  gen- 
eral acquaintance  and  much  popularity,  and  has  substantially  built 
up  an  extensive  and  gratifying  successful  practice,  but  he  does 
not  allow  his  professional  duties  to  debar  him  from  taking  an  ac- 
tive interest  and  part,  as  a  citizen,  in  all  matters  of  a  public  nature 
that  seem  to  afford  opportunity  for  improving  conditions  surround- 
ing the  daily  lives  of  his  fellow-citizens  and  himself — that  is  to  say, 
he  is  a  wide-awake,  progressive  and  public-spirited  member  of  the 
community  in  which  he  lives,  as  well  as  a  successful  physican  and" 
specialist.  Both  as  a  doctor  and  as  a  citizen.  Dr.  Caruthers  occu- 
pies a  secure  position  among  the  people  of  Baton  Roiige. 

Carver,  E.  S.,  commercial  depai-tment,  high  school,  Thibodaux, 
La.,  was  born  at  Denison,  Tex.,  March  9,  1877;  son  of  W.  G.  T. 
and  Cecilia  (Sigur)  Carver,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in 
Virginia  and  has  been  connected  with  newspaper  work  throughout 
the  greater  part  of  his  life.  The  mother  was  born  in  Louisiana  and 
her  parents  reside  in  New  Orleans.  E.  S.  Carver  attended  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  New  Orleans  and  the  Holy  Trinity  private  school.  In 
1893  he  entered  Jefferson  college.  Convent,  La.,  from  which  he 
graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1899.  During  the  ensuing  5 
yeai's  he  was  a  teacher  at  Jefferson  college,  the  greater  part  of  this 
time  in  the  commercial  department.  In  1904  he  became  principal 
of  the  graded  school  at  Labadieville,  La.,  where  he  remained  until 
1908,  when  he  was  chosen  as  principal  of  Thibodaux  college,  Thilio- 
daux.  La.,  and  continued  to  be  identified  with  this  institution 
until  1912,  at  which  time  he  accepted  charge  of  the  commercial 
department  of  the  Thibodaux  high  school,  with  which  he  has 
since  remained  in  the  capacity  indicated.  In  Oct.,  1904,  Prof.  Car- 
ver was  married  to  Miss  Threse  Capella,  a  daughter  of  M.  Capella, 
of  Thibodaux,  and  to  them  3  sons  have  been  born,  namely:  Ed- 
ward, Cecil  and  Preston.  Prof.  Carver  is  allied  with  the  Demo- 
cratic party,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He 
is  also  affiliated  with  the  Knights  of  Columbus  and  with  the  Louisi- 
ana State  Teachers'  association.  As  a  teacher,  his  work  has  been 
almost  entirely  along  the  line  of  commercial  instruction,  and  many 
of  his  pupils  are  now  filling  responsible  and  remunerative  posi- 
tions, it  is  said,  and  are  generally  found  to  be  so  well  grounded  in 
the  knowledge  required  of  commercial  usage  in  practical  business 
as  to  reasonably  insure  their  continual  advance  to  success. 

Cazenavette,  Lionel  Louis,  successful  New  Orleans  physician, 
was  born  at  Now  Orleans,  parish  of  Orleans,  La.,  April  20,  1874; 
son  of  Henri  Cazenavette,  born  at  Bordeaux,  France,  1830,  and 
Anais  (Pinac)  Cazenavette,  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  1841.  The 
paternal  grandfather,  Bernard  Cazenavette,  an  educational  pro- 
moter, was  president  of  the  "Lycee  de  Bordeaux,"  a  position  he 
held  until  his  death,  in  1860.  One  of  his  sons,  Adi'ien  Cazenavette, 
was  also  a  director  of  the  same  institution.  The  maternal  grand- 
mother, Clara  Guillot,  was  a  daughter  of  Joseph  Guillot,  a  con- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^ 


married  m  1860.     Bejoie  the  »e^in      «  remained  until 

tied  as  a  dmggist  at  Thibodaux,  ^^^  jv'^^       .  ^^^.^^      the 

1866,  when  he  returned  t"/.^^^^^  nonditiins  were  such  that 
"reconstruction  period      and  'l^^.^'^^J'''^^^^^^^     the  remainder 

mmmmmm. 


tPmTn  both  the  undergraduate  and  post-graduate  medical  depait- 

TvUaneluSveSity  and  clinical  assistant  to  the  chair  ot  diseases  ot 
the  skin  Dr.  Cazenavette  has  been  associated  in  office  practice  with 
Dr  Sdore  Dyer,  the  dermatologist,  and  has  been  particulaib 
S'erested  in  research  work  in  those  branches  of  medicine  dea  ing 
with  diseases  of  the  nervous  system,  medical  electricity,  the  X-raj, 
^nd  dermatology.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Roman  Catholic  church 
La  member  of  the  American  Medical  association,  Louisiana  State 
Med  crsocietv,  Orleans  Parish  Medical  society,  Alumm  associa- 
SnSTulane  university  of  Louisiana,  St.  Luke's  guild,  and  the 
C^ss  Check  rs  &  Whist  club.  April  29,  1907,  Dr.  Cazenavette  ^v-as 
married  to  Miss  Amanda  Marie  DeGruy,  daughter  of  James  Ver- 
S  DeGruy  and  Amanda  (Sauton)  DeGruy,  of  New  Orleans.  Two 
children-Lillian   Marie    and    Claire    Louise-have    been   born    to 

lives  ot  Louisisiia.    The  former  was  bom  Jan.  ?1.  If*,  ""p"/"? 
Xo^^'SSSL^tfsddtr  i^ihe  war-oE  1812,  and  served  under 


94  LOUISIANA 

Gen.  Jackson  at  the  battle  of  New  Orleans.  James  Chalaron,  the 
paternal  grandfather,  was  born  in  Voiron,  France,  and  in  1815 
came  to  the  New  World,  first  going  to  Mexico,  whence,  after  sev- 
eral years,  he  came  to  New  Orleans  and  engaged  in  the  coffee 
trade.  Col.  Joseph  Adolphe  Chalaron,  father  of  Dr.  Chalaron, 
began  commercial  life  as  clerk  in  a  ship  chandlery  store.  His  mili- 
tary services  in  the  Confederate  cause  from  1861  to  1865  were 
noteworthy  and  brilliant.  He  enlisted  as  junior  lieutenant  of  the 
5th  company,  Washington  artillery,  and  with  that  immortal  com- 
mand as  part  of  the  Army  of  Tennessee  took  part  in  many  great 
battles  of  the  Civil  war.  It  acquired  special  distinction  at  Shiloh, 
Chickamauga,  Missionary  Ridge,  Resacca,  Kenesaw  ]\Iountain,  At- 
lanta, Franklin,  Nashville,  Spanish  Fort  and  Mobile  Bay.  He  was 
at  Meridian,  Miss.,  at  the  time  of  the  surrender,  and  was  then 
senior  first  lieutenant,  often  having  been  in  command  of  the  com- 
pany; and  at  one  time  was  chief  of  artillery  for  Gen.  Bates'  di- 
vision. After  the  war,  from  1866  to  1876,  he  engaged  in  cotton 
planting,  and  next  established  himself  in  the  insurance  business. 
He  was  president  of  the  Hope  Insurance  Co.,  and  after  the  liquida- 
tion of  that  corporation  was  one  of  the  founders  and  organizers 
of  Confederate  Memorial  hall,  and  was  its  custodian  from  the 
date  of  its  opening  ^^ntil  his  death  in  1909.  He  was  president  of 
the  Confederate  board  of  pensions  for  the  state  of  Louisiana.  Col. 
Chalaron  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  United  Confederate 
Veterans,  and  in  connection  with  this  work  obtained  the  title  by 
which  he  was  generally  known.  Dr.  Frank  J.  Chalaron  acquired 
his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  New  Oi-leans,  and  in 
1887  graduated  in  the  high  school  of  the  Univei-sity  of  Louisiana. 
He  then  entered  the  academic  department  of  the  Tulane  university, 
and  in  1888  matriculated  in  the  medical  department,  from  which 
he  received  the  degree  of  M.  D.,  April  6,  1892.  In  May  of  the 
same  year  he  became  connected  with  the  Louisiana  state  boai'd  of 
health  as  marine  sanitary  inspector  of  ships  plying  between  New 
Orleans  and  Central  American  ports.  In  1893  he  was  stationed  at 
Bluefields,  Nicaragua,  as  quarantine  inspector  for  the  Louisiana 
state  board  of  health ;  and  in  1897  he  was  appointed  inspector  at 
Port  Limon,  Costa  Rica,  and  Utilla,  Ceiba,  Honduras.  Returning 
to  New  Orleans,  the  same  year.  Dr.  Chalaron  was  appointed  on 
the  staff  of  the  United  States  Marine  hospital  service  as  inspector 
of  shipping  for  the  port  of  New  Orleans,  during  the  yellow  fever 
epidemic  of  that  year.  In  1899  he  had  charge  of  the  Marine  hos- 
pital office  in  the  New  Orleans  custom  house,  and  in  1904  Pres. 
Roosevelt  appointed  him  United  States  pension  examiner,  in  which 
capacity  he  is  now  acting.  He  is  also  surgeon  of  Camp  No.  2,  Army 
of  Tennessee,  United  Confederate  Veterans.  Dr.  Chalaron  has  an 
active  military  record.  He  joined  the  4th  battalion,  Louisiana 
state  national  guard,  in  1892,  as  a  private,  and  later  became  its 
hospital  steward.  In  1896  he  was  made  battalion  surgeon  with 
the  rank  of  captain.  At  the  outbreak  of  the  Spanish-American  war 
in  1898  Dr.  Chalaron  took  part  in  the  organization  of  the  2d  Louisi- 
ana volunteer  infantry,  and  became  captain  and  first  assistant 
surgeon,   stationed   at   New   Orleans,   Mobile    and   Miami;   at   the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^ 


left  JacksonviUe  ^ °^  Javf  nah    f  ^^nd  on^^^       Leo,   it  was  in 

sailed  for  Havana    .Y^^^;^^;^^7/'occupation  marched  into  Havana, 
the  vanguard  when  the  army  01  oc^^^  Savannah,  where  the 

March  23,  1899,  Dr.  Ct'^^f;°\"  Hg    1899-    He    reentered    the 
regiment  was  m^^^^^ered  out    April   lo,  ^^^^^  ^  ^^^ 

Louisiana  national  guard  ^^1^;,^'^  continuing  in  service  until  the 
surgeon  of  the  1st  Louisiana  mfan^^^^^^^  .^  ^  ^ 

regiment  wa^  mustered  ^f-  ^^If^^'  April  30,  1903,  he  married 
Catholic,  and  m  PoMics,  a  Demo^at.  ^p        ^.^    p^^^.,^^  of  New 

Si;s'^^.t"i;eh^fa^S'c-is'tr:f^5  children:  Claire,  Henry. 

"-^^^^^^^^  S.S; 

in  1819,  and  came  to  Loiusiana  "Vjf  °' „^;;Jif  ^f  his  grandfather, 
of  Wesl  Baton  Rouge.   Fo  lowing  the  example  JJ^     -  ^^j^^    ^,^^^^,,. 

who   fought   in   the   ^f ^'"If  ^^^^^^^  J^'^.^Scond  Ueutenant  of  a 
teered  for  service  m  the  Mexican  wai,  as  seco  ^^  ^^^^,^ 

Louisiana  company.    ^f^^lJ^^^Yo^.^Rouo-e  for  a  number  of  years, 
of  court  in  the  parish  of  ^est  Baton  Kou^e^ioi  ^^^ 

and  later  practiced  law  -^tj^^^^is  pa  tner  CoL  H.  3  ^.^^^^^  ^^.^^^^^ 
Chamberlin's  success  was  ^^^^^^o  mte  iitj  .^nfidence  of  all 

which  gained  for  him  the  adrmra  lo^i   lesp^c    a  ^^  ^^^^  ^^^ 

who  knew  him  He  died  m  West  Baton  ^^^^^  ^  ^^  j„b  Clark, 
of  67  years.  He  married  Mary  P.  ^^^'^^'j^^^J^'^o  Louisiana,  and 
who  came  from  his  native  stat^,  ^j^'^^-^^Sm  B-  and  Mary  P. 
settled  in  West  Feliciana  parish^  Un^^^  ^  ^^^^^^  ,^i,^  in 

(Clark)  Chamherlm  10  children  f^^.^  ""'^/Jf  14  The  following 
infancy  and  1  in  childliood,  and  1  ^^ ^J^^f  ^^^^^l .  Mary  Hester, 
grew  to  maturity     WillmmB     who  ded^  ^^ 

rBi^^.^^garlt^lfe^off  .j  B.™-  ^M  Hugh  Chamherlm, 
a  well-known  real  estate  clea lei-  «4^;\°;,^^?^Sp,,ie  health  officer 
Chandler,  Greene  Croft  M.  °;'  ^2,^7%°4\  j^^ss.,  Dec.  30,  1865. 
and  able  physician,  was  born  at  Ent^P^^^^Ver  and  judge  of  the 
His  father,  Greene  C.  Chandler,  was  a  lawjei  j     .^^^^^  ^.^_ 

circuit  court  in  Mississippi  ^f.^^^^/^^r  and  lived  to  the  age 
tHct  attoimey.   He  was  a  Confe^e^^^^^^^  ^^^^^   ,f 

of  73   years.    Dr    Chandler  «^  ™°Y;"  ,,''S^,,'dler  were  natives  of 
Martha  Croft,  ^n^.  1?"^^  f  %f,"^.Sr  ^as^  r^^  at  Enterprise, 

Mississippi,  in  which  sta  e  ^^^^f^^^^^J^^t.^^  in  private  schools 
Bay  St.  Louis  and  Corinth.    He  was  emicatea        1        .^^^^.^j^      ^f 

the  Agriculture  and  Mechanica  ^^  f  ^f.^^^  f  f^'^,  Tulane  univer- 
Mississippi.  In  1888  he  Byf^^^^t^^\"^/"f ^"dicineat  Natchitoches, 
sity,  and  at  once  began  the  P^f.^t^^^^^f/Z^p'to  1896,  when  he 
La.,  where  he  remained  m  active  .P^'^Pj^^J  "P^  ^^^^  eye,  ear,  nose 
located  in  Shreveport  to  «P,^cf  i^,  ^  'Sgraduat  w'ork  at'  New 
and  throat,  in  which  ^^^  ^ad  taken  postgraau  ^^^^^^^^ 

Srs":^?^?/wS-  h^e^h:s%:;^rasVresident,  and  has  also 


96  LOUISIANA 

served  as  first  vice-president  of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society, 
and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Southern  Medical  society.  June  15, 
1912,  Dr.  Chandler  became  a  member  of  the  board  of  health  for 
the  city  of  Shreveport,  and  as  its  president  has  made  a  record  of 
which  his  many  friends  are  proud.  Upon  assuming  the  duties  of 
this  office  Dr.  Chandler  at  once  began  with  vigor  to  improve  sani- 
tai-y  conditions  in  the  citj^  of  Shreveport.  A  fight  against  the 
mosquito  and  the  fly  was  inaugurated  and  carried  on  vigorously; 
but  not  only  against  the  spreaders  of  disease  did  he  labor  with 
earnest  and  effectual  purpose.  The  pure  food  and  sanitary  depart- 
ments of  the  city  affairs  did  much  to  reduce  the  causes  of  disease, 
and  from  the  beginning  the  death  rate  of  the  city  began  to  lower. 
Shreveport  is  a  city  of  rapid  growth,  but  its  board  of  health  has 
meet  the  emergency,  and  under  Dr.  Chandler's  presidency  health 
conditions  have  greatly  improved  and  the  death  rate  in  cases  of 
preventable  diseases  has  decreased,  while  the  population  has  in- 
creased. Under  the  present  administration  of  the  Shreveport  board 
of  health  there  has  not  been  one  white  resident  death  from  typhoid 
fever  and  only  5  deaths  from  malaria  in  23  mouths  ending  June 
30,  1914.  And  this  board  inaugurated  a  movement  for  fair  Federal 
government  mortality  statistics,  that  is,  rating  the  white  and  col- 
ored separately,  so  as  to  show  the  real  health  conditions  of  both 
races  in  various  sections  of  the  country.  Dr.  Chandler  has  been 
twice  married.  His  first  wife,  Annie  Hyneman,  died  2  years  after 
marriage,  leaving  a  daughter,  Eugenia,  now  Mrs.  Ragan  Striplin, 
of  Corinth,  Miss.  In  1898  Dr.  Chandler  married  Miss  Herries  Gray, 
the  daughter  of  Dr.  R.  A.  Gray,  of  Shreveport.  Three  sons  and  a 
daughter  have  been  born  to  them,  namely :  Robert  Gray,  Greene 
Croft,  Walter  Bernard  and  Herries. 

Chappuis,  Philip  Jules,  well-known  attorney,  and  for  8  years 
mayor  of  the  city  of  Crowley,  La.,  was  born  near  Thibodaux,  La- 
fourche parish.  La.,  Sept.  26,  1865 ;  son  of  Jules  and  Josephine 
(Toups)  Chappuis,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  Lafourche  parish, 
from  which  place  they  removed  to  Rayne,  Acadia  parish,  where 
they  have  lived  about  25  years.  Jules  Chappuis  died  June  29,  1914. 
The  paternal  grandparents,  Etienne  and  Marie  Louise  (Sourd) 
Chappuis,  both  were  born  in  France  and  came  to  America  with 
their  respective  parents,  who  located  in  the  state  of  Ohio.  They 
were  later  married  in  that  state,  and,  coming  South,  located  in 
Lafourche  parish.  La.,  in  the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth  century. 
The  maternal  grandparents,  Thelesphor  and  Julienne  (Bourgeois) 
Toups,  both  were  born  in  Lafourche  parish.  La.  The  Toups  and 
Bourgeois  families  are  among  the  very  oldest  and  most  numerous 
in  the  state.  Philip  Jules  Chappuis  was  the  first  of  3  children 
born  to  his  parents,  the  other  children  being  August  L.  and  Celeste, 
now  the  widow  of  Romain  Duhon,  both  of  Rayne,  La.  The  early 
education  of  Philip  Jules  Chappuis  was  acquired  in  public  and 
private  schools  of  Lafourche  parish.  In  1879  he  entered  Thibodaux 
cellege,  and  graduated  from  that  institution  in  the  year  1883,  being 
now  a  member  of  the  Thibodaux  College  Alumni  association  and 
vice-president  of  the  organization.  Following  his  graduation,  he 
taught   in   the   public   schools   of  Lafourche   parish    during   some 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^ 


study  of  law  m  the  "^^f^^^^f^Xn  ^ffo^  the  Louisiana  supremo 
"""f  •  *°T,Jir\887  'k  loXTh  adSsion  to  the  bar  he  opened 
court  m  July,  1887.  ^ouo^iu,.  OTeviouslv  formed  many  acquamt- 
an  office  at  Rayne  where  he  had  preMOU.  >  Crowlev  at  this 

ances,  and  began  the  practice  of  ^^y^;  ^^^^'^XLveA  to  Crowley, 
time  was  in  the  embryonic  *^tate.    J^  18^9  he  le  ^^^^^^  ^^ 

which  had  very  recently  ^'<^^^,^^"1\7,£*°  It  Crowley,  Attorney 
the  parish  seat  of  the  new  parish  "^  ^X  ^itf  E  L  Wells,  which 
Chappuis  formed  a  Partnership  -^/^^  f,^,  ^Chappuis  prac- 
association  contimied  6  '-JJ^^^^f  ^^^^  ^vmcd  his  presei.t  partner^ 
ticed  alone  untd  Oct.  1^  ""^' ™  ^^^  f^,,^  name  of  Chappuis  & 
ship  with  A.  Percy  Holt    under  ^ne   a  organization  to 

Holt.    This  firm  has  ^-^^-^^^  ™f,^^'^frUap"uS  h  longer 

this  time.  With  one  f.^«^Pt>°^  °7^ '  f  ^„,V  oSr  attorney  now  en- 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  aw  to  ^J^^/  f  ^.^y  "n.^mbered 
gaged  in  practice   m   ^j^^dia   pa  ish    ami         I  ^^  ^^^ 

among  the  most  able  and  ""i*°' '"^^^i^i^'chappui'^  was  married  to 
state  of  Louisiana.  May  19-  l^Jl  f  i^  L  N  and  Josephine  (Le- 
Miss  Eula  M.  Bourgeois,  a  dauglitero^^^^^  l^^^^    ^^^^ 

fort)  Bourgeois  of  Lafourche  Pf  if?'  ^^J^  ^,„^,,  in  1892,  a 
been  born  to  their  uiiion,     hese  be  n^ .  oau  Georgetown 

graduate  of  Spring  Hill  ^^^  ^^;,S  D  C  '  Guy,  born  in  1895. 
fmiversity  school  f  l/-'  ^^t^^^'^^Sle^V,  nit  nSV  a  student  of 
formerly  a  student  "^  ^^PV"^„ftL  Louisiana  State  university, 
the  agricultural  department  "/„„^'^%.7''ch,appuis  is  a  member  of 
Baton  Rouge;  Aline,  \o™  "\1903_     ^J^^  [^appi  ^  ^  ^^ 

the  Roman  Catho  ic  chm^cb    and  is  aftUate^  ^^^^^^^^^  ^^  ^^^^^ 

Columbus.  Benevolent  &  P™.^^^^^!^  ."^f 'he  American  Bar  as.sociation. 
Louisiana  State  Bar  f'^'''l]'''';''f'^^^^  the  time  he 

Mr.  Chappuis  has  acted  with  ^^^e  democratic  par  y  ^^^^  ^^^_^^^ 

began  to  exercise  ^^7--}  %^°^,^^^^^^^^^^^  these  terms  having 

4  terms  as  mayor  of  the  city  ot  Llo^v  e>  covered  a  period 

ended  in  1906.  His  incumbency  of  the  f  ^  J  "^^^J  Congress  from 
of  8  years.  In  1912  Mr.  Chappuis  was  V^^'^  p  piiio  and,  while 
the  7th  congressional  district  to  --ed  ^om^A^  P.^Pu,.     ^^^^   ^^^ 

he  was  unsuccessful,  did  leceive  a  veiy      ^  community  m 

Chappuis  stands  very  high  among  the  people  ot  tne  ..^^ 

which  he  lives,  and  is  popular  with  a  laige  part  ot  tne 
citizenship  of  the  7th  district.  ^^^^^^  ^,^^^ 

J.  Arthur  Charbonnet    lawyer    IS  a  natue  ot  ^Ne  ^^^^^^ 

was  born  Oct.  21,  1881,  the  son  of  ^ff  "^^  A  ,t  rn  hi  Louisiana,  as 
(Langlois)    Charbonnet.    Hi«  Parents  weie_^bmnm  ^^^^^^^_ 

was  also  his  paternal  ff  ^f '^^^^^r  ^^J^^.^Slege    fr^      which  he 

;:;:f^::;art;SrTx:^^rS:^s;"=^^S^as  smce  pkcticed 


»8  LOUISIANA 

with  pleasing  success.  In  political  affairs  Mr.  Charbonnet  has  been 
active  in  the  support  of  the  men  and  measures  of  the  Democratic 
party.  In  fraternal  circles  he  is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  & 
Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  has  served  as  commander  of  Lodge 
No.  16,  Order  of  Benevolent  Knights  of  America,  and  is  now 
grand  vice-commander  of  the  grand  lodge  of  this  order.  He  is 
pi'ovost  of  the  Aetna  conclave  of  the  Order  of  Heptasophs,  and  is 
president  of  the  Thespians.  Now  assistant  district  attorney,  and 
is  engaged  in  the  practice  of  civil  law  with  Raymond  Gauche,  under 
firm  name  of  Charbonnet  &  Gauche,  with  offices  in  the  Citizens' 
Bank  building. 

Charnley,  John  Thomas,  postmaster,  Alexandria,  La.,  was  born 
in  Newport,  R.  I.,  March  7,  1854,  the  son  of  William  and  Sarah 
(McNiel)  Charnley.  The  father  was  a  native  of  England  and  was 
bound  out  as  an  apprentice  to  the  stone  cutter's  trade  for  7  years, 
and  after  serving  5  years  and  11  months  he  ran  away  and  came 
to  America,  about  1831.  He  first  located  in  Massachusetts  and 
worked  as  a  stone  mason  on  some  of  the  first  railroads  in  the 
country,  building  bridges.  He  m.arried  in  Connecticut  Sarah  Mc- 
Niel, who  was  born  in  Scotland,  daughter  of  John  McNiel,  also  of 
Scotland,  a  physician  by  profession,  cotton  manufacturer  and  for 
many  years  manager  of  large  cotton  factories  at  Johnson,  Scotland. 
The  parents  removed  from  Rhode  Island  in  the  fall  of  1854  to 
St.  Lawrence  county,  N.  Y.,  and  in  1868  moved  to  Wisconsin,  first 
settling  in  Milwaukee  and  then  in  Shawano,  where  they  both  died 
and  were  buried.  They  were  the  parents  of  10  children,  3  of  whom 
died  in  infancy  and  7  grew  to  maturity;  only  3  of  whom  are  living 
at  this  time.  John  Thomas  Charnley  was  the  seventh  child.  His 
boyhood  days  were  spent  in  St.  Lawrence  county,  N.  Y.,  where 
he  attended  the  public  schools.  Becoming  a  mechanic  at  the  age  of 
17  he  drew  a  man's  wages.  He  was  journeyman,  foreman  and  later 
a  contractor  and  spent  16  winters  in  northern  Wisconsin  driving 
logs  on  the  rivers,  5  years  of  which  he  was  foreman,  and  1  year 
he  and  his  brother,  William  Henry,  logged  on  their  own  account. 
In  the  fall  of  1889  he  went  to  Texas  and  remained  there  until  May, 
1890.  On  coming  to  Alexandria  he  started  a  bottling  works,  which 
he  ran  personally  for  18  years  and  3  years  by  active  management. 
He  was  appointed  postmaster  in  1908  by  Theodore  Roosevelt  and 
reappointed  by  William  H.  Taft,  which  position  he  still  holds.  He 
married  in  1885  Eva  L.  Grimmer,  who  was  born  and  reared  in 
Shawano  county.  Wis.,  the  daughter  of  Henr,v  Grimmer.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Charnley  are  the  parents  of  2  children;  Euola,  a  teacher  in 
the  public  schools  of  Alexandria,  and  John  T.,  Jr.,  a  student  at  the 
Gulfport  Military  academy,  Gull'port.  He  is  a  Master  Mason,  a 
member  of  the  chapter  and  council.  Eastern  Star,  and  of  the  com- 
mandery  at  Alexandria,  and  he  is  a  Noble  of  the  Mystic  Shrine  at 
New  Orleans.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  B.  P.  0.  E.,  and  has 
held  many  offices  in  these  different  fraternities,  and  was  worthy 
grand  patron  of  the  Eastern  Star,  Grand  chapter,  New  Orleans. 
He  has  always  taken  an  active  ])art  in  public  affairs  and  is  well 
known. 

Chaplin,  Chichester,  Sr.,  of  Natchitoches,  parish  of  Natchitoches, 


BIOGRAPHICiSi  ^^ 


return  to  the  lY-^^^^.^.^^^?  "^j^.^l^St^M^e    H  s  father,  also  named 
Chichester  Chaplm,  Jr.,  ^o  the  picsem  "'  .         ^.  j^.^^iand, 

rviiplipster   was  the  son  ot  Chichester  Lhapiin,  a  nauvc  oi  x  , 

Chichestei,  was  ui^  Orleans,  La.,  m  1818.    He 

was  born  Oct.  1,  1^00,  and  came  to  xvl  ,  ^^^^^  ^.g_ 

studied  law  n..  «^«"«l«^^V4,{^^^a?/X  his  admittance  to  the 
tinguished  jurists  o±  the  st^^e  J^^^^^^^^  Soon  after 

bar,  went  to  Texas,  .N^here  he  ma^red^  Louisiana,   and 

the  death  of  his  wite,  Mi.  ^^^^^P™^"''"^  ^^^^  place  with  3kliss 
located  in  Natchitoches.  ^  ^^^'^^^^J,^;!  Removing  from  Natchi- 
Emily  Palmer,  f;^\f  ^^er  of  Col.  Palmei.^ 

in  1874  m  the  city  of  Natchitocues    ^^^lo  linden.  La.,  the 

citizens   elected   him    attorney    toi     J^    JtJ^  ^^^  ^^  ^1^^,      .^ctice  of 

aflairrTn  the  Masonic  ovdor  the  judge  »  >  "«'*'-•■»'  ''«^'*™ 
S,.ca«dt"he  pllic  an<V  Pnv.«  «ch„o,^_«<  ISiT^.JSr'at 

in  farmmg,  until  the  <J'«l»'-f''»"  °'  f"  :;'\\\,^Ee  of  holtilities. 
a  private  soldier,  Mr.  Cha^p'-n  serv  <1  .mt.Mhe  e  »^^^^^  ^^  ^^^^  ^^^. 

and  then  entered  a  law  office,  ""<''"",„",?'    state  IcsislnWrc  in 
The  citizens  of  Natch.toches  »nt  him  to  *=  "««  f  ;,„,  ,,„„d 

oTAtS^ie^  Ind  ri'ot  spTciaf  alL-rtotslj  the  ,a.  collector, 
-Sf  ^tf  ^B^Siirance    Shrc,^^^^^^^ 
Sto-stfilrM^ >'h;  Sr'f  Uuca^d  at  west  P^^^^^^^^^^ 
academy,  and  graduated  ".    he  same  «J»'-''g™„-'™Sdcrac,: 
?J:  ."iTIffed'in'lM^^A? Sclme'cf-L  death  he  .as  in 


100  LOUISIANA 

charge  of  the  United  States  forces  at  Pensacola,  Fla.  The  paternal 
grandfather,  Thomas  Chase,  was  a  native  of  the  state  of  Massa- 
chusetts. The  progenitor  of  the  Chase  family  in  America  came 
from  England  in  the  early  part  of  the  17th  century  and  lo- 
cated in  Massachusetts.  He  was  accompanied  by  2  brothers.  The 
mother,  Elizabeth  (Flowers)  Chase,  was  a  native  of  New  Orleans 
and  a  daughter  of  Col.  William  Flowers.  Samuel  Flowers,  her 
brother,  also  attained  the  rank  of  colonel  in  military  service.  The 
Flowers  family  was  among  the  early  settlers  at  New  Orleans  and 
became  prominent  in  the  affairs  of  Louisiana  at  that  time.  The 
family  ancestors  were  of  Quaker  stock  and  originally  from  Eng- 
land. James  Flowers  was  the  first  representative  of  the  family  to 
locate  in  Louisiana,  at  a  very  early  date.  Thomas  B.  Chase,  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  was  but  a  few  months  old  when  the  death 
of  his  father  occurred  at  Pensacola.  Thereafter  the  mother  re- 
turned to  New  Orleans  with  her  3  children,  of  whom  Thomas 
E.  was  the  youngest.  His  childhood  and  early  youth  were  passed 
in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  at  the  age  of  18  years  he  en- 
listed in  the  Confederate  army  as  a  member  of  Company  C,  Cres- 
cent regiment,  under  Col.  Marshall  J.  Smith.  He  was  wounded  at 
the  battle  of  Shiloh,  and  later  was  paroled  at  the  city  of  New 
Orleans,  remaining  out  of  the  service  luitil  1863,  when  he  returned 
to  his  regiment  and  served  to  the  time  of  the  surrender,  being 
then  at  Shreveport.  In  July,  1865,  he  located  at  Shreveport  and 
during  the  succeeding  17  years  devoted  his  energies  to  the  occu- 
pation of  a  bookkeeper  in  that  city.  He  then  became  connected 
with  the  insurance  business  and  has  remained  in  that  business 
since  that  time,  an  experience  in  insurance  extending  over  31 
years.  Mr.  Chase  is  without  doubt  one  of  the  oldest  men  in  his 
line  of  business  in  Louisiana.  He  has  been  twice  married,  the  fii-st 
marriage  having  been  to  Miss  Helen  Kline,  and  the  second  to 
Miss  Cornelia  Spearman,  of  De  Soto  parish.  No  children  have  been 
born  to  either  union.  Mr.  Chase  took  an  active  part  in  state,  par- 
ish and  city  affairs  in  the  days  of  reconstruction  in  Louisiana,  and 
has  at  ail  times  since  been  actively  identified  with  the  public  welfare. 
He  is  a  Confederate  veteran,  a  32d  degree  Mason,  and  a  past  grand 
commander  of  the  Knights  Templar,  and  has  for  many  years  been 
prominently  identified  with  Masonic  affairs  in  Louisiana. 

Chavez,  Prof.  Francis  0.,  parish  superintendent  of  public  in- 
struction, St.  Martinville,  St.  Martin  parish,  La.,  was  born  in 
Avoyelles  parish.  La.,  March  4,  1888.  His  father,  Estevan  Chavez, 
born  at  Havana,  Cuba,  of  Spanish  ancestrj-,  came  to  Louisiana  as 
a  young  man,  and  for  many  years  was  engaged  in  mercantile  busi- 
ness at  Marksville.  His  death  occurred  in  the  city  of  New  Or- 
leans. The  mother,  Angela  (Chaze)  Chavez,  was  born  at  Marks- 
ville, La.,  and  survives  at  this  time.  The  maternal  grandfather, 
Emile  Chaze,  was  a  native  of  Paris,  France.  He  came  to  Louisiana 
when  a  young  man  and  located  at  Marksville,  Avoyelles  parish, 
where  he  was  actively  engaged  in  mercantile  business  r;ntil  the 
time  of  his  death,  in  1813,  at  the  advanced  age  of  90  years.  Francis 
0.  Chavez,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  in  the  course  of  his  education, 
attended    the    public    schools    of    Marksville,  New  Orleans,    and 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  101 

Tampa,  Fla.  In  1904  he  entcrpcl  the  Louisiana  State  normal  school 
at  Natchitoches,  graduating  in  1906,  and  in  the  same  year  began 
teaching  a  district  school  in  Terrebonne  parish,  where  he  remained 
2  years,  following  which  he  became  principal  of  Ponchatoula 
school.  'Beginning  in  the  autumn  of  1908,  he  was  principal  of  a 
graded  school  at  Hugo,  Colo.,  after  which  he  taught  2  j^ears  in 
St.  John  the  Baptist  parish.  In  the  autumn  of  1911  he  became 
principal  of  the  high  school  at  Roseland,  La.,  but  in  Feb.,  1912, 
was  tendered  the  principalship  of  St.  Mai'tinville  high  school,  and 
preferring  the  latter  place,  he  immediately  accepted  it  and  at 
once  entered  upon  the  duties  of  the  position,  which  he  continued 
occupying  until  July,  1913,  when,  having  in  the  previous  month 
been  "elected  superintendent  of  St.  Martin  parish  schools  for  a 
term  of  4  years,  he  assumed  the  duties  of  that  office.  In  March 
of  the  year  1911  Prof.  Chavez  was  married  to  Miss  Katherine 
Chauvin,  of  Terrebonne  parish,  La.,  and  2  children  have  been 
born  to  their  union,  these  being  Francis  0.,  Jr.,  and  Marjorie.  Prof. 
Chavez  votes  the  Democratic  ticket  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  church  and  of  the  Louisiana  State  Teachers'  asso- 
ciation. His  position  as  superintendent  of  schools  of  St.  Martin 
parish  is  one  of  large  responsibilities,  and  the  successful  adminis- 
tration of  its  duties  necessarily  requires  the  services  of  a  man  of 
siiperior  abilities  and  extensive  educational  equipment,  and  the 
fact  of  being  selected  to  fill  such  an  office,  and  among  people  who 
are  thoroughly  acquainted  with  his  character  and  attainments, 
is  manifestly  a  flattering  compliment  to  the  man  so  selected.  Prof. 
Chavez  has  "the  practical  supervision  of  28  schools,  2  of  these  being 
large  high  schools. 

Chenet,  Henry  S.,  A.  M.,  the  well-known  educator  of  Louisiana, 
was  boi-n  in  St.  John  the  Baptist  parish  and  is  the  son  of  J.  Eugene 
and  Myrthe  (Poche)  Chenet,  both  of  the  same  parish.  Myrthe 
Poche  was  a  granddaughter  of  Perique  Chenet,  who  originated  the 
Perique  tobacco,  and  although  the  name  is  the  same,  this  Chenet 
was  no  relative  of  Henry  S.  Chenet 's  ancestors.  Henry  S.  Chenet 's 
grandfather  was  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  legislature  for  several 
terms  during  the  40s  and  held  a  commission  as  captain  in  the 
United  States  army  in  the  war  with  Mexico.  Henry  S.  Chenet 
received  his  early  education  in  his  native  parish,  from  which  he 
went  to  the  higii  school  at  Troy,  Mo.,  and  from  there  to  the 
Louisiana  State  university  at  Baton  Rouge,  graduating  from  there 
in  the  full  classical  course  in  1884  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  One 
year  was  spent  in  postgraduate  work  in  the  same  institution, 
•  studying  Cxreek,  Latin,  chemistry  and  botany,  for  which  the  degree 
A.  M.  was  conferred  in  1885.  "At  that  time  Mr.  Chenet  intended 
to  study  medicine,  but  in  1887  he  was  invited  to  found  an  academy 
in  Morgan  City,  La.,  which  he  did  with  such  success  that  he  was 
turned  from  the  medical  to  the  teaching  profession.  Mr.  Chenet 
remained  in  Morgan  City  2  years,  when  he  accepted  a  position  in 
St.  John  the  Baptist  parish,  which  he  held  for  3  years,  and  then,  in 
Sept.,  1892,  he  founded  the  Chenet  institute  in  New  Orleans.  This 
institution  is  located  at  3.507  Magazine  street  and  ranks  as  one  of 
the  best  college  preparatory  schools  in  the  South.     It  is  affiliated 


102  LOUISIANA 

with  Tulane  university  and  with  the  Louisiana  State  university  at 
Baton  Rouge,  and  througli  these  is  practically  accredited  to  all 
of  the  colleges  and  universities  in  the  country.  Students  have  gone 
from  this  school,  without  examination,  into  the  Universities  of 
Michigan,  Pennsylvania,  Cornell  and  Harvard.  In  this  institution 
there  are  6  teachers,  and  in  addition  to  the  grammar  school  stu- 
dents the  course  includes  the  English  branches,  Greek,  Latin, 
French,  Spanish,  mathematics,  natural  sciences,  history  and  litera- 
ture. Mr.  Chenet  believes  in  and  practices  in  the  best  sense  the 
principles  of  the  golden  rule  and  is  liberal  and  tolerant  in  religious 
matters,  but  not  a  communicant  of  any  church.  He  has  always 
been  interested  in  politics,  but  has  never  taken  an  active  part  in 
party  management.  As  an  evidence  of  his  standing  as  a  friend  of 
higher  education  it  may  be  noted  that  Mr.  Chenet  has  been  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  supei-visors  of  the  Louisiana  State  iiniversity 
for  19  years,  serving  under  Govs.  Foster,  Heard,  Blanchard,  San- 
ders and  Hall.  In  1892  Mr.  Chenet  was  married  to  Miss  Aline 
Romain,  daughter  of  Mr.  A.  V.  Romain,  of  New  Orleans,  and  to 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Chenet  the  following  children  have  been  born :  Mel- 
ville, James  Elmore,  Henry  S.,  Jr.,  and  Aline. 

Claiborne,  Charles  Ferdinand,  727  Common  street,  New  Or- 
leans, La.,  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  Feb.  2,  1848;  son  of 
William  C.  C.  and  Louise  (De  Balathier)  Claiborne,  the  former  of 
whom  was  born  at  New  Orleans  and  the  latter  at  Paris,  France.  In 
the  course  of  his  education  Mr.  Claiborne  attended  the  Christian 
Brothers'  school  and  the  University  of  Louisiana.  He  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  in  1869  and  has  been  engaged  in  practice  as  an  attorney 
since  that  date,  a  period  embracing  very  much  of  the  important  his- 
tory of  New  Orleans,  La.,  and  the  South,  with  all  of  which  Mr. 
Claiborne  has  been  vitally  concerned  and  identified.  His  youthful 
experiences,  of  course,  were  more  or  less  affected  by  the  stirring 
events  preceding  the  Civil  war,  as  was  his  early  manhood  shad- 
owed and  darkened  by  the  sanguinary  conflicts,  privations  and 
hardships  of  that  heroic  struggle  and  the  trying  days  of  recon- 
struction that  followed.  In  all  of  this  Mr.  Claiborne  has  partici- 
pated hand  to  hand,  an  actor  in  a  drama  of  prodigious  scale,  and 
passing  through  those  clouded  years  of  internecine  strife  has  seen 
the  land  of  his  nativity  emerge  not  only  from  the  devastating 
blight  of  civil  war,  but  also  from  the  almost  equal  harrowing 
scourge  of  yellow  fever,  and  come  out  into  the  glorious  light  of 
liberty,  peace,  plenty,  health,  and  boundless  prosperity.  It  is,  in- 
deed, a  wealth  of  experience.  Mr.  Claiborne  served  as  a  member 
of  Guibet  battery,  Sept.  14,  1874.  In  national  politics  Mr.  Clai- 
borne affiliates  with  the  Democratic  party,  biit  his  progressive 
tendencies  and  hearty  cooperation  with  all  movements  having  for 
their  object  the  betterment  of  living  conditions  for  the  people,  have 
led  him  to  ally  himself,  in  local  political  contests,  without  regard 
to  party  alignment,  and  in.  accord  with  these  principles  he  has 
been  repeatedly  elected  as  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  New 
Orleans,  serving  in  that  capacity  from  the  year  1888  to  1892,  in- 
clusive, as  a  result  of  election  upon  a  ticket  put  forward  by  the 
Yoiing  Men's  Democratic  association,  and  again  he  was  elected  and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  103 

served  in  the  city  council  from  1896  to  1900  as  a  candidate  of  the 
Citizens'  league.  He  was  a  gold  Democrat  and  favors  tariff  for 
protection  as  well  as  revenue.  Mr.  Claiborne  is  now  and  has  for 
some  years  been  serving  as  a  member  of  three  important  commis- 
sions "in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  namely,  those  of  the  New  Or- 
leans public  library.  City  park  and  Delgado  Museum  of  Art.  In 
Dec,  1913,  he  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Luther  E.  Hall  one  of  the 
judges  of  the  court  of  appeals  for  Orleans  and  other  parishes.  Dec. 
23,  1875,  Mr.  Claiborne  was  married  to  Miss  Amelie  Soniat  du 
Fo'ssat,  a  daughter  of  Meloney  Soniat  du  Possat,  of  New  Orleans, 
and  to'  them  the  following  children  were  born :  Marie  Louise,  now 
the  wife  of  Dr.  Louis  Perrilliat;  Charles  de  Balathier,  who  married 
Miss  Virginia  Couturie;  Amelie,  who  became  the  wife  of  Martin 
Levering  Matthews ;  Lucy,  and  Martin  Duralde. 

Clayton,  Charles  Peach,  general  superintendent  and  manager  of 
the  9th  di-strict  for  the  Producers'  Oil  Co.,  was  born  at  Earhng- 
ton,  Hopkins  countv,  Ky.,  July  23,  1872,  and  is  a  son  of  William 
Clayton,  who  was  born  in  England.  His  mother  bore  the  maiden 
name  of  Woods  and  died  when  her  son  was  a  mere  boy.  William 
Clayton  came  to  America  very  early  in  life  and  after  a  brief  resi- 
dence in  Kentucky  removed  to  Kansas.  He  has  been  interested  in 
various  forms  of  business,  chief  among  which  is  that  of  the  lumber 
industry,  operating  in  several  states.  He  has  attained  to  the  ripe 
old  age  of  81  years,  and  is  now  making  his.  home  with  the  suli.ject 
of  this  sketch.'  Charles  P.  Clayton  obtained  a  common  school  edu- 
cation, and  at  the  early  age  of  15  began  the  battle  of  life  for  him- 
self. For  a  while  he  did  range  work  in  western  Kansas  and  in 
Colorado,  and  then  was  identified  with  the  salt  industry  at  Hutch- 
inson, Kan.  Then  began  his  career  in  the  oil  business,  in  which  in- 
dustry he  began  as  a  common  helper  on  the  rig,  from  which  he 
has  steadily  advanced  in  various  positions  until  that  of  his  present 
responsible  station.  He  has  forged  to  the  front  in  the  oil  business 
by  reason  of  diligently  applying  himself  and  by  fidelity  to  his  vari- 
ous employers.  He  has  been  identified  with  the  oil  industry  in  the 
fields  of  Kansas,  Texas,  Oklahoma  and  Louisiana,  coming  to  the 
latter  state  in  1891  and  to  Shreveport  in  1910.  He  has  been  with 
the  Producers'  Oil  Company  since  its  organization  in  1902,  and 
now  holds  one  of  the  most  responsible  positions  with  the  company. 
In  1894  Mr.  Clayton  and  Miss  Alice  Tuttle  were  united  in  mar- 
riage, and  unto  this  union  were  born  2  children,  namely,  Roy  Earl 
and  May  Opal.  Mr.  Clayton  is  a  Knight  Templar  Mason,  and  a 
Noble  of  the  Mystic  Shrine.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  B.  P.  0.  E. 
Aside  from  other  interests  he  is  a  director  of  the  Continental  Bank 
&  Trust  Co. 

Clerc,  Rene  Ferdinand,  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  New  Iberia, 
Nov.  14,  1875,  the  son  of  Charles  Cfesar  and  Josaphine  (Simon) 
Clerc.  His  father  was  born  in  Switzerland  and  his  mother  in 
France.  The  father  came  to  this  country  when  a  young  man,  and 
the  mother  came  with  her  parents  when  she  was  but  a  girl.  They 
were  married  in  Louisiana.  For  a  while  after  their  marriage  they 
resided  in  New  Orleans,  and  when  the  war  of  secession  came  on 
New  Iberia  was  their  home.   At  the  latter  place  they  continued  to 


104  LOUISIANA 

reside  until  1889,  in  which  year  they  and  their  son,  Rene  Ferdi- 
nand, who  is  the  youngest  of  6  children,  went  to  Europe,  where 
they  spent  18  months,  and  then  returned  to  the  United  States  and 
located  in  New  Orleans,  where  the  father  died  in  1892  at  the  age 
of  64  years,  and  where  the  mother,  now  aged  73,  still  resides.  The 
father  was  a  wholesale  cattle  dealer  while  residing  at  New  Iberia, 
and  was  successful  in  business.  The  son  was  14  years  of  age  Avhen 
his  parents  located  in  New  Orleans.  His  education  was  obtained 
in  the  schools  of  New  Iberia  and  New  Orleans  and  finished  at 
Holy  Cross  college.  At  the  age  of  16  he  began  the  battle  of  life 
for  himself  as  a  clerk  in  a  wholesale  grocery  establishment  at  New 
Orleans.  Finally  he  became  a  traveling  salesman  for  groceries  and 
was  on  the  road  for  several  years  and,  until  .in  company  with 
others,  he  established  the  wholesale  grocery  concern  of  Clerc  Co., 
Ltd.,  of  New  Orleans.  Upon  -withdrawing  from  that  firm,  which 
still  later  liquidated,  IMr.  Clerc  became  connected  with  the  wholesale 
grocery  company  of  Schmidt  &  Zeigler,  Ltd.,  of  which  firm  he  was 
vice-president,  and,  disposing  of  his  interest  in  the  firm,  Mr.  Clerc 
became  a  manufacturer's  agent,  his  present  form  of  business.  In 
August  of  1912  he  was  appointed  by  President  Taft  United  States 
appraiser  of  customs,  port  of  New  Orleans,  a  position  he  now  holds. 
He  is  a  32d  degree  Scottish  Rite  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Mystic 
Shrine,  of  the  Benevolent  &  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the 
United  Conmiercial  Travelers  of  America.  In  1899  Mr.  Clerc 
wedded  Miss  Florence,  the  daughter  of  E.  J.  and  Emily  (Ketty) 
Cai-stens,  of  New  Iberia,  La.  In  the  main.  Mr.  Clerc 's  business 
career  has  been  that  of  a  wholesale  grocer.  He  has  achieved  grati- 
fying success,  and  in  public  affairs  he  has  always  taken  a  com- 
mendable interest.  He  is  third  vice-president  of  the  New  Or- 
leans board  of  trade,  in  which  organization  he  has  been  an  active 
member  for  several  years. 

Cline,  Daniel  Davis,  lawyer  and  resident  of  Baton  Rouge,  was 
born  at  Gi-eenwell  Springs,  East  Baton  Rouge  parish.  La.,  April 
29,  1877.  He  is  a  son  of  Orville  H.  and  Mary  Cornelia  (Bearing) 
Cline.  His  father,  a  native  also  of  East  Baton  Rouge  parish,  was 
a  veteran  of  the  Confederate  army,  and  by  occupation  both  a 
carpenter  and  merchant.  He  removed  to  East  Feliciana  parish 
about  1880,  and  there  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  reared.  Or- 
ville H.  Cline  was  a  son  of  Hiram  Cline,  who  was  a  native  of  Mis- 
sissippi. The  Clines  are  of  English  origin.-  The  progenitor  of  the 
family  in  America,  it  is  stated,  was  William  Cline,  who  came  with 
John  Smith,  and  settled  in  Virginia.  Dr.  George  W.  Bearing,  the 
maternal  grandfather  of  Baniel  Davis  Cline,  was  a  native  of  Ken- 
tucky, and  for  more  than  35  years  practiced  medicine  in  Baton 
Rouge  and  vicinity.  His  parents  emigi'ated  from  Wales  to  the 
United  States.  Unto  Orville  H.  and  ]Mary  Cornelia  (Bearing)  Cline 
8  children  were  born.  Of  these,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  the 
fourth.  His  early  education  was  obtained  in  the  public  schools.  In 
1898  he  received  his  academic  degree  from  the  Centenary  college, 
then  located  at  Jackson,  La.,  and  in  1908  Mr.  Cline  obtained  his 
degree  of  bacbelor  of  science  from  the  Louisiana  State  university. 
By  teaching  he  was  enabled  to  secure  funds  wherewith  to  defray 


BIOGRAPHICAL  105 

ihe   expense    of   gaining   his   education.     For   4   years    and   until 
iqi9  he  w?S  instmctor  in  mathematics  in  the  Louisiana  State  uni- 
versity    Piev  ously  he  had  applied  himself  at  intei^yals  to  other 
pursuits  that  he  might  be  enabled  to  gam  an  education     He  had 
CS'e^asf  carpenter  and  wheelwright  had  b^ 
n  travelino-  salesman,  and  for  a  while  edited  The  Idea  at  ADoe 
ville     In  1910  he  began  the  practice  of  law  at  Baton  Rouge,  but 
drino-  the  following  2  years  also  continued  to  teach  mathematics 
ti  o  Tmii.inna  State  uniyersitv.     For  one  term,  endmg  m  May 
S  Sl4   Mr   Se  Sd  tie  position  of  city  judge  of  Baton  Rouge. 
Frateimally    he   is   a   Master   Mason,    a   Knight   of   Pythias,    and 
member  ot^'thelmproyed  Order  of  Red  Men     He  is  a  member  of 
S:  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  South    -d  -  both  profession^^^ 
1       „;„!   i.ointimis  sustains  commendable  station.     Jan.  -i,   xojj, 
m   aSf  n  fiS  Tm  "  ilma  Allen,  the  daughter  of  Thomas  Day 
Ml.  Inline  "^'^';i,''>         .    .,1        ^^  ^^iito  th  s  union  were  born  the 
iiSclildmi^^Hilo'^'Da," Cornelia  Lisha  and  OryiUe  Helen 

^^roetievich   Louis  M.,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  Nairn 
La    Jan    11    18^    son' of  Marc  and  Mary  (Pelas)  Cogneyich,  both 
mt'iyes  of  Louisiana.    The  paternal  grandfather  was  a  native  o 
lus  ria     The  father  has  been  assessor,  for  a  great  many  years  a 
nSi   Plaquemines  parish.    He  is  also  a  planter,  and  is  interested 
hi  the  orange  busincSs.   Both  parents  are  yet  resident  at  Nairn  at 
this  time.    To  them  were  born  9  children,  yiz. :  Josephine    wife  of 
mitm- Chauyin;  Joseph  Marie,  wife  of  George  Lmcoln;  Marc   J 
nracticing  dentistry  at  Lucy,  La. ;  Louis  M.,  subject  ot  this  sketch 
Mary  Blfnche,  wife  of  Maurice  O'Brien,  Austin,  Tex^;  Dewey    at, 
coi?o.e    and  Gussie.    The  second,  third,  sixth,  seyenth  and  eight 
?esid''e  at  Nairn,  their  birthplace.    In  the  course  of  his|^  education 
Loids  M    Cogneyich    attended   Chenet   institute,   and   haying   fii- 
Tshe  1  at  that  institution  entered  the  New  Orleans  College  o    Den- 
tistry   Tulane  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  de- 
oiee  ^f  D    D.  S.,  class  of  1908.     Since  the  completion  of  his  pro- 
fessional studies  Dr.  Cognevich  has  been  continuously  engaged  in 
t^e  Stice  of  his  profession  at  New  Orleans.    He  is  a  member  ot 
Z  LoSu^a  State%ental,    New.Orleans    College     of     Dent.s  ry 
■ilumni   and  the  Odontological  societies.     Oct.  20   1910,  Di.  Cogne 
vich  waSmarried  to  Miss  Antoinette  Jaquet,  dauglrter  of  Law- 
rence   and    Margaret    (Schmitz)    Jaquet,   of    New   Orleans  _  Mrs. 
Co-nevich's  father  is  in  the  business  ot  manufacturing  sugat. 

Cohn,  Isidore,  successful  New  Orleans  Phy^^"/"^' His  f'the  ' 
was  born  at  West  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  April  9,  l^^o^Kis  a  , 
Henry  Cohn,  Jr.,  was  born  at  Alsace,  France,  m  1855;  moth  , 
?ophi>  (Farrnbacher)  Cohn,  was  horn  at  Nuremberg  German 
in  1865  where  her  father,  Jacob  Farrnbacher,  had  gone  with  his 
family  fi-om  Louisiana  during  the  Civil  war.  Henry  Cohn  Jr.  came 
to  the  United  States  when  19  years  old,  at  the  time  when  Alsace 
came  into  the  possession  of  Germany.  He  found  employment  as 
clerk  in  a  mercantile  establishment  at  Rodney,  Miss.,  but  later 
moved  to  Rosedale,  La.  In  1876  he  established  himself  m  West 
Baton  Rouge  and  East  Baton  Rouge,  and  has  continued  so  located, 


106  LOUISIANA 

being  at  this  time  the  holder  of  extensive  land  interests.  Jacob 
Farrnbachcr  was  born  in  Germany,  came  to  the  United  States  when 
a  yonng  man,  and  immediately  engaged  in  business  at  Baton 
Rouge,  where,  with  the  exception  of  a  short  time  during  the  Civil 
war,  he  has  continued  in  business  to  the  present  time.  Isidore 
Cohn  received  his  earlier  education  at  a  private  school  conducted 
by  the  Misses  Fowls  and  Barlow,  at  East  Baton  Rouge,  followed 
by  a  course  at  St.  Vincent's  academy,  from  which  he  graduated  in 
1899.  In  the  fall  of  the  same  year  he  entered  Louisiana  State 
university,  graduating  in  1903  with  the  degree  of  B.  S.  He  next 
entered  the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  completed 
the  4-year  course  in  3  years,  and  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
M.  D.  in  1907.  During  1905-6  he  served  as  interne  in  the  Shreve- 
port  Charity  hospital,  and  as  interne  at  Touro  infirmary,  1907-9.  In 
the  spring  of  1909  he  was  appointed  assistant  demonstrator  in 
minor  surgery,  medical  department  of  Tulane  university.  In  1911 
he  was  elected  clinical  assistant  in  surgery,  and  in  Jan.,  1914,  was 
elected  junior  surgeon  on  the  staff  of  Touro  infirmary.  He  was 
again  further  advanced  on  the  teaching  staff  of  Tulane  university 
to  the  position  of  demonstrator  and  lecturer  on  minor  surgery. 
Dr.  Cohn  is  a  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish  Medical  association, 
Louisiana  State  Medical  association,  American  Medical  association, 
Soixthern  Medical  association  (of  which  he  was  secretary,  1913,  and 
vice-chairman,  1914,  of  the  surgical  section),  Touro  Clinical  so- 
ciety, St.  James  lodge,  F.  &  A.  M.,  No.  47,  Baton  Rouge,  La. ;  Grand 
Consistory  of  Louisiana,  Jerusalem  Temple,  Shriners;  Y.  M.  H.  A. 
of  Touro  infirmar.y,  and  I.  0.  B.  B.  Religiously,  Dr.  Cohn  is  affili- 
ated with  the  Jewish  congregations.  April  5,  1910,  Dr.  Cohn  was 
married  to  Miss  Alsie  Waldhom,  daughter  of  Moise  and  Albertine 
(Lob)  Waldhom,  of  New  Orleans. 

Cohn,  Albert  James,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  Newell- 
ton,  Tensas  parish.  La.,  Dec.  31,  1877 ;  son  of  Alexander  and  Lena 
(Marks)  Cohn,  the  former  a  native  of  Prussia,  and  the  latter  of 
Natchez,  Miss.  The  father  came  to  America  in  1866  and  located  at 
the  above  named  place.  After  a  number  of  years  he  purchased  a 
plantation  in  that  locality  and  thereafter  pas.sed  the  remainder  of 
his  life  at  the  plantation  home,  where  he  died  in  the  year  1906  at 
the  age  of  61  years.  His  widow  survives  at  this  time  and  resides  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans.  To  their  union  5  children  were  born, 
namely :  Florence,  Stella,  widow  of  Simon  Abraham,  Magnolia, 
Miss. ;  Soloman  L.,  a  traveling  salesman,  who  makes  his  home  in' 
New  Orleans ;  Albert  James,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  and  Arnold 
E.,  in  mercantile  business  at  Magnolia,  Miss.  In  the  course  of  his 
education  Albert  James  Cohn  attended  Chamberlain  Hunter  acad- 
emy, and  after  graduating  fi'om  that  institution  took  a  coui'se'at 
Louisiana  State  uiiiversity,  following  which  he  entered  the  Balti- 
more College  of  Dental  Surgery  and  graduated  from  that  institu- 
tion with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.,  in  the  class  of  1899.  Shortly  after 
the  completion  of  his  professional  studies,  Dr.  Cohn  opened  dental 
offices  at  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  and  since  that  time  has  devoted 
his  abilities  to  the  practice  of  his  profession  with  increasing  and 
gratifying  success.    The  Doctor  is  a  member  of  the  First  and  Sec- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  107 

ond  Disti'ict  Dental,  and  the  Louisiana  State  Dental  societies,  Psi 
Omega  Dental  fraternity  of  Baltimoi'e  college,  and  the  congrega- 
tion of  Touro  synagogue.  Dec.  27,  1912,  Dr.  Cohn  was  married  to 
Miss  Rose  Edna  Germann,  daughter  of  George  and  Katherine 
(Webber)  Germann,  both  formerly  residents  of  New  Orleans  but 
now  deceased. 

Coignet,  Joseph  Alfred  Octave,  of  Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish, 
lawyer,  was  born  in  Lafourche,  Sept.  28,  1878.  His  father,  Guil- 
laume  A.  Coignet,  a  native  of  France,  emigrated  to  Lafourche 
parish  with  Jean  Baptiste  Coignet,  grandfather  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch.  They  located  in  Lafourche  and  engaged  in  the  plant- 
ing business.  Guillaume  A.  Coignet,  who  was  11  years  of  age 
when  he  came  to  this  country,  was  reared  and  educated  in  the 
parish  schools.  At  the  death  of  his  parent  he  succeeded  him  in 
the  ownership  of  the  Coignet  plantation.  During  the  Civil  war 
(1861-1865),  he  was  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State  militia.  He 
died  at  Thibodaux  in  1895,  aged  64  years.  After  receiving  a 
primary  and  grammar  education  in  private  schools,  and  attending 
Thibodaux  college,  Joseph  A.  0.  Coignet  entered  Spring  Hill  col- 
lege, near  Mobile,  Ala.,  in  1893,  graduating  5  years  later  with  the 
degree  of  B.  A. ;  and  in  1900  was  honored  with  the  degree  of  M.  A. 
from  Spring  Hill  college.  Returning  to  Thibodaux  after  gradua- 
tion, Mr.  Coignet  was  appointed  deputy  clerk  of  court  of  Lafourche 
parish,  serving  from  1898  to  1901,  meanwhile  studying  law,  and 
following  the  courses  in  the  law  department  of  Tulane  university, 
from  which  he  graduated  in  June,  1902.  Since  that  time  he  has 
been  practicing  his  profession  in  his  native  parish.  A  stanch  Demo- 
crat, always  taking  active  part  in  all  political  campaigns,  Mr.  Coig- 
net achieved  deserved  popularity,  and  was  often  given  proof  of  the 
esteem  and  confidence  of  his  fellow-citizens  by  being  elected  to 
public  offices.  At  the  age  of  26  years,  in  1904,  he  was  elected  to  the 
state  senate,  and  had  the  distinction  of  being  the  youngest  member 
of  that  branch  of  the  legislature,  and  the  youngest  ever  sent  from 
his  senatorial  district.  Although  serving  but  1  term  in  the  senate, 
Mr.  Coignet  was  a  member  of  several  weighty  committees — the 
health  and  quarantine,  judiciary,  railroads,  elective  qualifications, 
and  constitutions.  Until  1908  he  was  secretary  of  the  Lafourche 
parish  democratic  committee,  and  was  its  chairman  until  July, 
1914,  when  he  became  chairman  of  the  organization  committee 
of  the  Progressive  party  for  the  parish  of  Lafourche.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Elks  and  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus.  In  Dec,  1904,  Mr. 
Coignet  married  Miss  Marie  Antoinette  Ducrocq,  a  native  of  France 
who  had  come  to  Louisiana  to  visit  her  brother.  Dr.  H.  L.  Ducrocq, 
now  residing  in  Lafayette  parish.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Coignet  have  4 
children :  Marie  Antoinette,  Alfred,  Gerard,  and  Henry.  The  fam- 
ily is  Roman  Catholic. 

Colomb,  John  J,,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  New  Orleans, 
La.,  July  25,  1876  ;  son  of  Henry  C.  and  Melanie  (Poursine)  Colomb, 
the  former  born  in  St.  James  parish  and  the  latter  in  New  Orleans, 
both  in  Louisiana.  The  father  was  in  business  as  a  commission 
merchant  at  New  Orleans  many  years,  but  is  now  retired.  The 
mother  died  in  1880,  and  some  time  thereafter  the  father  was  mar- 


106  LOUISIANA 

ried  to  Miss  Louise  Reaud,  a  native  of  Orleans  parish,  La.  The 
paternal  grandfather,  Christopher  Colomb,  was  a  practicing  dentist 
of  St.  James  parish.  Five  children,  as  follows,  were  born  to  the 
parents  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch :  Anna,  who  became  the  wife 
of  Robert  A.  Wilkinson,  of  New  Orleans.  She  is  now  deceased, 
leaving  1  child;  Henry  C,  New  Orleans;  John  J.,  subject  of  this 
sketch ;  Clara,  wife  of  Martin  Glockncr,  Beaumont,  Tex.  They  have 
2  children ;  Mela,  wife  of  G.  P.  Olivier,  of  New  Orleans,  and  mother 
of  3  children.  In  the  course  of  his  education  John  J.  Colomb  at- 
tended the  Jesuit  Brothers'  college  at  New  Orleans,  and  after 
graduating  from  this  institution  a  short  time  afterward  entered 
the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry  and  in  due  course  graduated 
with  the  class  of  1902.  After  having  secured  his  D.  D.  S.  degree 
the  young  doctor  entered  the  dental  office  of  his  uncle,  George  A. 
Colomb,  himself  a  D.  D.  S.,  and  there  spent  some  time  in  associ- 
ate practice.  About  this  time,  however,  the  Spanish-American  war 
began  and  the  young  dentist's  patriotism  demanded  that  he  enlist 
in  the  service  of  his  country,  which  he  did  in  May,  1898,  as  second 
corporal,  company  L,  2d  Louisiana  regiment.  His  command  went 
forward  and  did  service  in  Cuba  throughout  the  contest,  during 
which  he  accumulated  a  very  fair  idea  of  the  life  of  a  soldier  in  the 
field,  but  came  out  of  the  experience  without  serious  mishap  and 
at  the  termination  of  hostilities  returned  to  New  Orleans.  After 
a  brief  period  of  i-ecuperation  he  opened  a  suite  of  offices  and  put 
up  his  sign  as  a  D.  D.  S.  From  that  time  the  call  for  his  pro- 
fessional service  ha^ .engrossed  the  Doctor's  undivided  attention, 
with  an  ever-increasing  list  of  patients. 

Cooper,  Asahel  Walker,  the  lawyer,  is  a  son  of  Asahel  "Walker 
Cooper,  who  was  born  in  Lancaster  coiinty.  Pa.,  Sept.  5,  1806,  and 
died  in  New  Orleans,  May  22,  1883,  and  who  was  a  son  of  a  Quaker 
and  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  his  native  state,  where  he 
learned  the  carpenter's  trade,  being  bound  out  at  the  age  of  17 
to  learn  the  trade  in  the  city  of  Philadelphia,  whence  he  came  to 
New  Orleans  in  1830,  coming  by  way  of  a  sailing  vessel.  In  New 
Orleans  he  applied  himself  to  his  trade,  became  a  contracting  archi- 
tect and  builder,  and  grew  prosperous,  accumulating  prior  to  the 
war  of  secession  much  real  estate  property  in  New  Orleans.  Many 
buildings  stand  today  in  New  Orleans  as  monuments  to  his  excel- 
lent craftship  as  a  builder.  He  retired  from  business  in  1870.  One 
of  the  noted  pieces  of  property  owned  by  Mr.  Cooper  was  the 
Cooper  Cotton  Press,  which  he  acquired  before  the  war  and  which 
remained  in  the  possession  of  the  family  until  1912,  when  it  was 
sold  to  the  Texas  &  Pacific.  Mr.  Cooper  was  twice  married.  His 
first  wife  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Ann  Sullivan.  She  died  in  1870, 
leaving  2  daughters,  Sarah  Jane  and  Margaret  Ann.  His  second 
wife  he  married  in  1872.  Her  maiden  name  was  Eliza  A.  Loney 
and  she  was  born  in  the  province  of  Ontario,  Canada,  of  French 
and  Irish  parents.  She  died  in  1910,  leaving  1  son,  Asahel  Walker 
Cooper,  who' was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Nov.  26,  1874,  educated  at 
Jesuit  college,  then  took  a  preparatory  course  at  Andover,  Mass., 
and  graduated  from  Yale  college  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1897, 
and  in  1898  obtained  his  degree  of  LL.  B.  from  Tulane  universitv. 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  109 

He  read  law  with  the  late  Judge  A.  G.  Brice  and  was  associated 
with  him  iu  the  practice  of  law  until  the  death  of  Judge  Brice. 
He  now  holds  rank  among  the  lawyers  of  New  Orleans.  He  comes 
of  an  excellent  family  of  New  Orleans.  His  father  was  a  prom- 
i7ient  citizen  of  this  city  for  many  years,  and  numbered  among  that 
class  of  citizens  who  constituted  what  was  known  as  the  American 
colony  in  New  Orleans.  The  elder  Jlr.  Cooper  was  reared  a  Quaker, 
but  in  New  Orleans  was  identified  with  the  Presl)yterian  church. 
The  present  Asahel  W.  Cooper  adheres  to  the  church  faith  of  his 
mother — the  Roman  Catholic. 

Cormier,  Charles  E.,  of  New  Orleans,  president  of  the  Charles 
E.  Cormier  Rice  Co.,  Ltd.,  was  born  in  Pittsfield,  Mass.,  Sept.  7, 
1865,  son  of  Louis  Cormier,  a  native  of  Louisiana,  whose  father, 
Louis  Cormier,  ran  away  from  France  at  the  age  of  10  years,  and 
came  to  Louisiana,  where  he  was  a  seafaring  man  for  many  years, 
and  was  the  owner  of  5  ships  at  the  time  of  his  death,  at  the  age  of 
42.  His  son,  Loiiis,  was  reared  and  educated  in  New  Orleans,  and 
was  connected  in  early  manhood  with  the  Illinois  Central  R.  R. 
Later  on,  he  engaged  in  the  cotton  press  business.  When  the  Civil 
war  broke  out,  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army  and  served  to 
the  end  of  hostilities.  Charles  E.  Cormier's  father  married  Miss 
Helen  F.  Backus,  a  native  of  Newark,  N.  J.  She  died  at  the  age  of 
42  years.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  is  1  of  3  children.  The 
other  2  are,  Louis  Cormier,  of  New  Orleans,  and  Mrs.  Indianola 
Cormier  Wilson,  widow  of  Henrj^  F.  Wilson,  and  now  residing  in 
Boston,  Mass.  After  having  received  a  preliminary  education  in 
the  public  schools  of  New  Orleans,  Mr.  Charles  E.  Cormier  studied 
at  the  University  of  Loiiisiana,  now  Tulane,  and  in  1896  went  into 
business  for  himself,  and  is  now  head  of  one  of  the  largest  rice 
dealing  firms  in  New  Orleans.  He  married,  in  1890,  Miss  Helen 
Castaing,  daughter  of  Alex,  and  Gabrielle  (Pascal)  Castaing.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Cormier  had  6  children :  Lillian,  wife  of  Dr.  H.  AV.  E. 
Walther,  of  New  Orleans;  Percy  L.,  of  New  Orleans;  Indianola; 
Helen;  Harry  W.,  and  Charles  E.  Cormier;  the  latter  died  at  the 
age  of  5  years.  Mr.  Cormier  is  a  member  of  the  Chess,  Checkers 
and  Whist  club,  the  St.  John  Rowing  club,  the  Southern  Yacht  club, 
also  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order,  the  Knights  Templar  and  the 
Shriners. 

Comelson,  George  Henry,  Jr.,  First  Presbyterian  church,  New 
Orleans,  was  born  at  Orangeburg,  S.  C,  Nov.  2,  1869 ;  son  of  George 
Henry  Cornelson,  Sr.,  born  Jan.  8,  1843,  in  Hanover,  Germany,  and 
who  was  also  educated  in  Germany  and  came  to  the  United  States 
in  1865.  On  arriving  in  this  country  he  landed  at  New  York  and 
remained  in  that  state  about  2  years,  following  which  he  proceeded 
to  Orangeburg  and  there  engaged  in  mercantile  business  and  cotton 
manufacturing.  His  business  enterprises  were  successful,  and  he 
has  continued  to  reside  in  the  South  Carolina  city,  though  at  this 
time  has  retired  from  active  participation  iu  business.  His  wife, 
Angle  (Holman)  Cornelson,  mother  of  George  Henry,  Jr.,  was  born 
in  1851  in  the  same  city  at  which  the  life  of  her  son  began.  George 
Henry,  Jr.,  received  his  early  education  in  his  home  city,  including 
Sheridan's  Classical  high  school  there,  later  attending  the  South 


110  LOUISIANA 

Carolina  Military  academy  at  Charleston,  known  as  "The  Old 
Citadel,"  where  the  course  of  instruction  extended  over  4  years, 
during  which  time  he  was  advanced  by  the  faculty  to  the  position 
of  cai^tain  of  the  prize  company  of  the  school,  a  particularly  cov- 
eted post  awarded  in  recognition  of  merit.  The  military  feature 
of  this  school  was  at  that  time  under  the  supervision  of  "West  Point 
graduates,  oifieers  of  the  regular  army.  Following  his  graduation 
young  Cornelson  became  connected  with  his  father's  business,  but 
after  aboiit  18  months  decided  to  enter  the  ministry,  and  in  accord 
with  this  decision  entered  Davidson  college,  Davidson,  N.  C,  from 
which  institution,  after  21/0  years,  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
A.  M.,  in  1892.  This  was  followed  by  a  year  of  study  at  McCormiek 
Theological  seminary,  Chicago,  and  2  years  at  Columbia  Theo- 
logical seminary,  Columbia,  S.  C,  where  he  secured  the  degree 
of  B.  D.,  in  1895.  Still  pursuing  the  studies  of  preparation  for  his 
life  work,  he  next  took  a  3  months'  course  at  the  University  of 
Chicago,  following  this  with  a  trip  to  Europe  and  a  year  of  post- 
graduate work  at  the  then  Free  Church,  college  and  the  University 
of  Edinburg,  Scotland.  In  1896  Rev.  Cornelson  became  pastor  of 
the  First  Pi-esbyterian  church,  Malvern,  Ark.,  where  he  remained 
3  years  and  then  accepted  a  pastorate  at  Aiken,  S.  C,  for  18 
months.  These  initial  terms  were  followed  by  6V2  years  of  pas- 
toral work  at  Concord,  N.  C,  and  it  was  while  here  that  the  degree 
of  D.  D.  was  conferred  upon  him  by  his  Alma  Mater,  Davidson  col- 
lege. In  1907  he  was  called  to  the  Memorial  Presbyterian  church, 
of  Nashville,  Tenn.,  where  he  remained  2Y2  years.  In  Sept.,  1909, 
he  came  to  New  Orleans  to  take  charge  of  the  First  Presbyterian 
church,  and  has  continued  in  this  pastorate  to  the  present  time. 
At  Concord,  N.  C,  Rev.  Cornelson 's  work,  apart  from  other  achieve- 
ments in  helpfulness,  resulted  in  the  building  of  3  additional 
churches,  2  of  these  being  missions  and  the  third  a  regular  house 
of  \yorship.  Since  coming  to  New  Orleans  Rev.  Cornelson  has 
been  instrumental  in  establishing  the  St.  Charles  Avenue  branch 
of  the  First  Presbyterian  church,  the  branch  house  of  worship 
under  the  care  of  the  First  Presbyterian  congregation.  Nov.  10, 
1897,  Rev.  Cornelson  was  married  to  Miss  Emma  F.  Bailey,  of 
Clinton,  S.  C,  a  daughter  of  N.  S.  Bailey,  merchant,  banker,  and 
manufacturer  and  one  of  the  foremost  citizens  in  the  upbuilding 
of  that  section  of  the  country.  Two  children  have  been  born  to 
Rev.  and  Mrs.  Cornelson,  viz. :  George  Henry,  Jr.,  II.,  and  Rose 
Bailey.  Rev.  Cornelson  is  a  Royal  Arch  Mason,  member  of  the 
Knights  of  Pythias  and  Woodmen  of  the  World. 

Crebbin,  Dr.  John  Thompson,  M.  D.,  successful  physician  and 
president  Louisiana  State  Board  of  Nurses  Examiners,  New  Or- 
leans, was  born  near  Lawrence,  Kan.,  son  of  John  Hays  and  Annie 
J.  (Thomson)  Crebbin,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  at  Liverpool, 
England,  1849,  and  the  latter  in  Ireland  in  the  year  1853.  The 
mother  is  resident  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans  at  this  time.  The 
paternal  grandparents,  John  and  Ellen  (Hays)  Crebbin,  were 
natives,  respectively,  of  the  Isle  of  Man  and  of  Liverpool,  England. 
John  Crebbin  removed  from  the  Isle  of  Man  to  Liverpool  while  a 
young  man,  and  was  later  married  at  the  latter  place.     In  1851, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^ 

witl,  Tii«  family   he  came  to  America,  and  shortly  after  his  arrival 

msmmmm 

fhe'E'r  »!  Nose  and'TCoit  hospital.  The  Doctor  also  is  pres. 
?o^,t  o£  the'CTsiana  State  Board  oi:  Nurses  Exammers,  liavrng 
dent     ot  tne  'jouis  Crebbm  is  a  mearber  of 

S.f  :  staMed  .0  ^M;^,  ^lise  Ah..s  ot  New  ^Orica,,^^^^^^^ 
daughter  of  Rev.  J.  B.  A.  Aniens  u.iJ.,d^  ehurch    South.     One 

the  former  a  prominent  divine  of  the  JVl.^.  emu  en,  ooulu. 
dauah  er  Elise,  has  been  born  to  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Crebbm 
"'Sufp^pper,  Hon.  Robert  Campbell,  attorney  and  ex^state  sen^t^i 
Alexandria    La.,  was  born  in  Jackson  parish,  La.  ^f.^  ,^^^'/p' V 
^n  of  Robert   Mallory   and  Martha  Vii-gmia  .  Hawtho ne     C^- 
pepper,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  "^^eorgia  a  id  the  latte    m 
Vir-inia     The  father  came  to  Louisiana  m  the  >eai  l^^^;*'  ^f  ^j"?,^ 
at  Mt  Lebanon.    His  father,  Joseph  Culpepper,  was  a  na  ive  of  the 
state  of  Georgia  and  died  while  yet  resident  m  that  state      The 

SHis'i,o5p''S.o„tl,wore^^^^^^ 


112  LOUISIANA 

some  time  previous  to  his  graduation  from  the  state  normal,  he  had 
been  engaged  in  teaching,  and  after  graduating  he  continued  in 
this  employment  about  4  years.  In  1900  he  was  elected  clerk  of 
court  in  Jackson  parish,  remaining  incumbent  of  this  office  until 
1908,  when  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  state  senate 
from  the  senatorial  district  composed  of  Jackson  and  Ouachita  par- 
ishes, his  term  expiring  in  1912.  Also,  he  served  as  cashier  of  the 
Jackson  Parish  bank  from  1909  to  1912,  at  Jonesboro.  During 
some  time  past  he  had  been  studying  law,  in  connection  with  other 
employments.  He  was  admitted, to  the  bar  in  1912,  and  in  the  same 
year  removed  from  Jonesboro  to  Alexandria.  Since  then  he  has 
been  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  at  Alexandria.  Senator  Cul- 
pepper is  a  Chapter  Mason,  and  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks.  In  1909  Senator  Culpepper  was  married 
to  Miss  Margaret  D.  Wyatt,  a  daughter  of  Peter  Wyatt,  of  Jackson 
parish,  La.,  and  2  children  have  been  born  to  their  union,  namely : 
Lillian  and  Robert  Wyatt.  Within  the  comparatively  short  time 
that  Senator  Culpepper  has  been  in  the  practice  of  law  at  Alexan- 
dria he  has  firmly  established  himself  as  a  learned  and  able  coun- 
selor-at-law,  and  has  gained  a  substantial  and  desirable  clientele. 
He  takes  an  active  part,  as  a  citizen,  in  political  and  public  affairs 
generally  and  is  widely  known  as  a  man  of  sterling  character  and 
personal  worth. 

Cunningham,  Milton  J.,  lawyer  and  distinguished  citizen,  was 
born  in  De  Soto  parish,  then  part  of  Caddo,  La.,  March  10,  1842. 
His  father,  John  Hamilton  Cunningham,  was  a  native  of  South 
Carolina,  from  which  state  he  went  to  Mississippi  and  later  to 
Louisiana,  and  settling  in  Caddo  parish,  lived  there  several  years, 
then  moved  to  Minden,  thence  to  Mt.  Lebanon,  Bienville  parish, 
later  to  Homer,  Claiborne  parish,  for  many  years  and  where  the 
subject  of  this  sketch  was  educated,  and  then  moved  to  Natchi- 
toches in  1860,  where  he  died  at  an  advanced  age.  He  was  a  lawyer, 
merchant  and  planter.  The  mother  of  Milton  J.  Cunningham  bore 
the  maiden  name  of  Buie  and  was  a  native  of  Mississippi,  where 
they  were  married.  IMilton  J.  Cunningham  was  reared  in  Claiborne 
parish  and  at  the  ago  of  16  he  began  teaching  school.  When  the 
Civil  war  came  on  he  volunteered  in  the  Confederate  army,  and 
after  gallantly  serving  the  cause  of  the  Confederacy,  and  at  the 
close  of  the  war,  Mr.  Cunningham  again  resumed  the  study  of  law 
in  Natchitoches,  where  he  began  his  brilliant  career  as  a  lawyer. 
By  close  application  to  his  profession  he  rose  rapidly  in  public 
esteem.  He  took  an  active  part  in  politics  from  an  early  period  in 
life,  was  a  prominent  figure  as  a  Democrat  in  the  days  of  recon- 
struction, and  was  made  chairman  of  his  party  in  Natchitoches 
parish.  He  was  elected  district  attorney,  and  in  this  office  served 
with  exceptional  ability.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State 
Constitutional  convention  of  1879,  prior  to  which  time  he  served  as 
a  member  of  the  legislature,  and  served  with  distinction  as  state 
senator.  In  1884  he  was  elected  attorney  general  of  Louisiana.  He 
filled  this  position  1  term,  and  after  an  interim  of  1  term  was  again 
elected  to  that  office  in  1892,  and  again  in  1896.  For  12  years  Mr. 
Cunningham  acted  as  attorney-general  of  the  state  and  won  an 


BIOGRAPHICAL  113 

enviable  reputation  as  being  one  of  the  ablest  lawyers  who  had 
ever  served  the  state  in  that  capacity.  From  1884  to  the  present 
time,  excepting  from  1888  to  1892,  he  has  resided  in  the  city  of 
New  Orleans.  He  has  long  held  plantation  interests  in  Natchi- 
toches parish,  and  also  has  been  interested  in  stock  raising.  Mr. 
Cunningham  has  been  married  4  times.  His  first  wife  was  Miss 
Thalia  Tharp,  who  died,  leaving  3  children,  namely:  Milton  J., 
who  died  1909 ;  John  H.,  who  was  drowned  at  the  age  of  9  years, 
aJKl  William  Tharp  Cunningham,  now  .judge  of  the  11th  .iudicial 
district.  For  a  second  wife,  Mr.  Cunningham  married  Miss  Annie 
Peyton,  who  bore  him  2  children:  Ida  G.,  and  Charles  Milton. 
Ceeile  Hertzog  became  Mr.  Cunningham's  third  wife,  and  she  bore 
him  the  following  children:  Sidney  Ceeile,  Ivy,  Charlotte,  and 
Laura.  His  present  wife  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Emma  Blouin, 
and  by  her  he  is  the  father  of  2  children,  Preston  H.  and  G.  Ham- 
ilton. Generous  of  heart,  and  unassuming,  he  was  enabled  to  gain 
the  confidence  of  his  fcllowmen,  and  by  reason  of  ability  as  a 
lawyer  and  public  speaker  he  acquired  not  only  rank  among  the 
ablest  of  lawyers,  but  as  a  well  and  favorably  known  man  of  public 
affairs.  As  a  legislator  he  became  the  author  of  many  splendid 
laws  now  on  the  statute  books  of  Louisiana.  His  greatest  achieve- 
ment, professionally,  was  in  the  office  of  attorney-general.  He 
has  espoused  the  movements  that  have  fended  to  the  public  good, 
and  has  long  been  numbered  among  the  distinguished  citizens  of 
Louisiana. 

Cunningham,  William  Tharp,  .judge  of  the  11th  judicial  district, 
composed  of  Natchitoches  and  Red  River  parishes,  was  born  in 
Natchitoches  parish,  Aug.  21,  1871,  and  is  a  son  of  Milton  J.  and 
Thalia  (Tharp)  Cunningham.  He  was  reared  in  his  native  parish, 
and  educated  in  the  public  schools,  the  preparatory  department  of 
Tulane  university  and  the  Louisiana  State  Normal  school.  For  14 
years  he  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  still  re- 
tains his  plantation  interests.  He  studied  law  at  Tulane  university 
and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1904  before  the  supreme  court  of 
Louisiana.  He  began  practicing  law  at  Natchitoches,  and  con- 
tinued until  1912,  when  he  was  elected  district  judge.  In  1908  he 
was  elected  a  member  of  the  lower  house  of  the  state  legislature, 
where  he  served  1  term  with  distinction.  August  5,  1895,  Judge 
Cunningham  married  Miss  Emma  Johnson,  daughter  of  James  J. 
and  Elizal)eth  (Campbell)  Johnson.  Mrs.  Cunningham  is  an  ac- 
complished lady,  an  active  worker  in  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  and  is  secretary  of  the  home  department  of  the  church  in 
Louisiana. 

Cushman,  Willard  Stevens,  M.  D.,  successful  physician  and  cor- 
oner of  East  Baton  Rouge  parish,  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  has  won  grati- 
fying success  in  the  practice  of  medicine  and  surgery.  He  obtained 
his  degree  of  M.  D.  from  Tulane  University  of  Louisiana  in  the  year 
1900,  and  immediately  began  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  the 
town  of  Baker,  in  East  Baton  Rouge  parish.  There  he  remained  12 
years,  engaged  in  an  active  general  practice.  In  1912  he  was 
elected  coroner  of  East  Baton  Rouge  parish,  and  to  better  discharge 
the  duties  of  this  office  removed  to  the  city  of  Baton  Rouge,  his 
III— 8 


114  LOUISIANA 

present  place  of  residence.  He  is  a  member  of  both  the  East  Baton 
Rouge  parish  and  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  societies,  the  Benev- 
olent and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  various  other  fraternal 
organizations.  In  1903  Dr.  Cushman  was  married  to  Miss  Lilah 
Merritt,  of  Baker,  La.,  and  2  daughters,  Mabel  and  Helen,  born  to 
this  union,  brighten  the  home  of  the  parents.  Dr.  Cushman  was 
born  at  Bayou  Chicot,  St.  Landry  parish.  La.,  Feb.  9,  1876,  and  was 
reared  in  that  parish  up  to  the  age  of  16  years,  when  his  parents 
removed  to  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  he  gi-aduated  in  1897 
from  the  Boys'  high  school,  later  entering  the  medical  depart- 
ment of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  graduated  as  previously 
stated.  Dr.  Cushman  is  a  son  of  Bingham  and  Lucy  (Heath)  Cush- 
man, both  of  whom  were  born  in  the  state  of  Louisiana.  The  father 
was  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war.  He  enlisted  in  the  Confederate 
army  as  a  member  of  a  Louisiana  company.  In  the  course  of  the 
war  he  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Lookout  Mountain, 
and  during  the  succeeding  3  years  was  held  as  a  prisoner  of  war 
at  Rock  Island  prison.  In  early  life  Bingham  Cushman,  the  father, 
was  a  school  teacher,  and  for  19  years  prior  to  his  death,  in  1912, 
at  the  age  of  70  years,  he  held  a  clerical  position  in  the  office  of 
the  Federal  surveyor  of  customs  at  New  Orleans.  He  was  a  de- 
scendant of  the  New  England  family  of  Cushman  that  has  fur- 
nished many  distinguished  characters,  and  of  which  family  there 
has  never  been  known  any  member  who  was  a  pauper  or  an  adult 
who  was  illiterate,  the  members  of  this  family  having  been  distinguish- 
ed for  thrift  and  intelligence  throughout  the  family  history.  The 
founder  of  the  Cushman  family  in  America  was  the  distinguished 
divine,  Robert  Cushman,  who,  though  the  charterer  of  the  good 
ship  Maj'flower,  did  not  come  over  the  waters  to  the  New  "World 
as  a  member  of  the  party  aboard  that  famous  vessel,  but  did  come 
aboard  another  vessel  that  shortly  followed  the  Mayflower  to  the 
New  England  coast,  and  it  is  claimed  that  he  preached  the  first 
sermon  on  American  soil  that  was  deemed  worthy  of  publication  in 
England. 

Daniels,  Frank  Andrew,  ex-postmaster,  bank  president,  frater- 
nalist,  and  one  of  the  most  widely  known  and  most  popular  citizens 
of  New  Orleans,  is  a  son  of  Francis  Anthony  and  Mary  (Leddy) 
Daniels,  and  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Dee.  1,  1858.  The 
father  was  born  at  Paris,  France,  March  3,  183L  He  came  to  Amer- 
ica in  the  year  1837  and  immediately  located  at  New  Orleans, 
where  he  afterward  followed  the  trade  of  a  machinist  throughout 
the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  died  Feb.  22,  1913.  Mary  Leddy,  his 
wife,  and  mother  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born  in  Ireland, 
Oct.  18,  1838.  The  parents  were  married  Dec.  3,  1857,  and  to  their 
union  4  sons,  as  follows,  were  born :  Frank  Andrew  Daniels,  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch ;  Joseph  "W.,  Albert  Sidney,  and  Edward  Hilton. 
Frank  Andrew  Daniels  attended  public  and  private  schools  in  the 
City  of  New  Orleans  until  his  fifteenth  year,  when,  in  1873,  he 
became  a  clerk  in  the  service  of  A.  K.  Miller  &  Co.,  steamship 
agents,  where  he  remained  until  1889  in  the  same  capacity.  In 
the  latter  year  he  became  a  partner  in  the  business,  and  in  1905 
became  head  of  the  firm,  which  does  an  extensive  business  as  agent 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^ 


fnr.    thP    North    German    Lloyd,    the    Aiistro-American,    and    other 

Tran    ItlaS        s^ean.ship    companies.     Mr.  Daniels    has    been    and 

^  fi,L  tiniP  a  man  of  many  associations,  large  responsibilities, 

Ser  a.New  Orleans  from  1894  «.  18'8.  -  «  "'.^o"  tl.uZ 

s:rr»=sf=naTi  rc"r;,t^T;  i^^f^"°"ft^ 

,„.nd.„es„„,n..el,:       aryLo„.e«^^^ 

Ltr^k  Albion  D'iSirw'ho  i,  married  ,o  Miss  Leunie  B.rlo,, 

"^D^Seau,' hScS-,  M.  D.,  of  T„i,»<,a,«,  ^»J»SreS"«;: 

a  retired  practitioner,  still  retaining  to   a  remarkable   extent  tiie 
exercise   of  Ms   mental   and  physical   faculties,   at  the   Patnarchal 
age  of  82  years.   The  blood  of  the  pioneer  ^-^^<^'\^'}Z''l^i  ^Sat 
ada   which   flows   through   his   veins   has   endowed   him   with   tliat 
sttdTners  orconstitution  for  which  the  early  settlers  were  no  ed. 
Peter  Dansereau  was  the  tirst  of  the    name    to    come    ^o    Ame,  ica, 
from  France    about  the  year  1700,  locating  near  Montreal,  Can- 
SwherTmrny  of  the 'family  still  reside      Hercules  Dansereau 
was    born    in    province    of    Quebec,    May    2,    1832     the     son     o^ 
Tosenh    Dansereau,    merchant,    born    at    Vercheres,    Canada     in 
179?' died  1888;   his   wife,   Rosalie    (Chagnon)    Dansereai.   also    a 
native  of  Vercheres  (1800),  died  at  Vercheres  m  1875^  A^^^  the 
PPivinff  his  nrimary  and  grammar  school  education  at   home.  Tiie 
S?  of  tlSs  sketch  entered  Montreal  college,  -here  he^re^name^i 
7  years.    Next  he  studied  for  3  years  m  the  College  of  Phy/'f'^^^ 
&  Surgeons,  of  Montreal,  now  Laval  university,  ^^^  th^^'J^^,"^^ 
year  studied  in  the  College  of  Medicine,  Albany,  N.  ^^  f  ?f"f '°^ 
fn  1853      During  the  latter  year.  Dr.  Dansereau  came    o  NeAv   Or- 
leans  followed  flie  clinics  and  lectures  at  the  Charity  hospital  for 
a  few  monriit  and  went  to  the  town  of  Po-^e-a-la-Hache    in  the 
mrisli   of   Plaquemines,   where   he   practiced   medicine   until   1858 
wh  n  he  mo  ed  to  Thibodaux.     The  town  was  then  ^^  ^ts  infancy 
in  the  midst  of  a  sparsely-settled  region    and  sin-rounded  b^  ^^oods^ 

sometimes  traveling  many  miles  in  fair  and  in    bad    ^veather 


116  LOUISIANA 

hasten  to  the  relief  of  his  fellow-citizens.  When  the  Civil  war 
broke  out,  in  1861,  Dr.  Dansereau  enlisted  in  the  Southern  army 
and  was  made  lieutenant  of  the  Lafourche  Guards,  4th  La.  infan- 
try, which  was  stationed,  successively,  at  Pascagoula,  Miss. ,  Ship  Is- 
land, Jackson,  Tenn.,  and  Corinth.  The  Lafourche  Guards  took 
part  in  the  battle  of  Shiloh.  In  April,  1862,  Dr.  Dansereau  re- 
signed from  the  army,  returned  to  Thibodaux,  where  he  resiimed 
tlie  practice  of  medicine  until  1906,  retiring  in  that  year  and  leav- 
ing his  clientele  to  his  son,  Dr.  Philip  Dansereau.  Although  well 
past  his  80th  year.  Dr.  Hercules  Dansereau  keeps  up  his  interest 
in  matters  pertaining  to  his  profession  and  to  the  social  life.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  and  in  politics  is  a 
democrat,  having  served  2  terms  as  alderman  of  the  town  of  Thibo- 
daux. In  1868  he  married  Miss  Alida  Aycock,  daughter  of  One- 
zime  Aycock,  of  Terrebonne  parish.  His  wife  died  in  1910.  Eight 
of  their  11  children  are  living:  Dr.  Philip  J.  Dansereau,  of  Thibo- 
daux; Mathilde  (Mrs.  Richard  McMahon),  Anna,  Pauline  (ilrs. 
John  McNamara),  May  (]Mrs.  Albert  Enguand),  Marie  (Mrs.  Law- 
rence Menuet).  Henrietta  (]\Irs.  Charles  Gouaux),  and  Dr.  Henry 
Dansereau. 

Dansereau,  Philip  J.,  M.  D.,  of  Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish,  is 
a  descendant  of  a  Frencli-Canadian  family,  that  emigrated  from 
France  more  than  200  years  ago,  and  became  prominently  identi- 
fied with  the  life  and  the  strenuous  experiences  of  the  early  set- 
tlers of  Canada — hardy  men,  and  brave  women,  who,  in  spite  of 
persecution  and  tyrannical  treatment,  remained  faithful  to  the 
customs,  language  and  traditions  of  the  mother  country.  The 
Dansereaus  of  the  province  of  Quebec,  forbears  of  Dr.  Dansereau, 
and  of  his  father,  Dr.  Hercules  Dansereau,  distinguished  them- 
selves in  the  social,  political  and  professional  activities  of  the 
community  in  which  they  lived.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  was 
born  at  Thibodaux,  May  8,  1869,  11  years  after  Dr.  Hercules  Dan- 
sereau had  located  in  that  town.  At  the  age  of  13,  he  went  to 
Canada  and  entered  the  Jesuits'  college  at  Montreal,  where  he 
studied  for  four  years;  next  continuing  his  education  at  the  Ford- 
ham  university,  Fordham,  N.  Y.,  for  2  years.  Having  chosen  med- 
icine for  his  profession,  young  Dansereau  matriculated  in  the  Col- 
lege of  Physicians  &  Surgeons,  Columbia  university,  in  1888,  grad- 
uating 3  years  after.  Following  the  receipt  of  his  diploma.  Dr. 
Dansereau  took  a  post-graduate  course  in  the  medical  department 
of  Tulane  university  and  in  the  Charity  liospital.  New  Orleans. 
In  1903,  after  having  practiced  his  profession  for  a  short  time 
in  the  parish  of  Assumption,  La.,  he  returned  to  his  native  town. 
Dr.  Hercules  Dansereau,  his  father,  having  been  actively  engaged 
in  his  calling  for  more  than  half  a  century,  retired  in  1906,  leav- 
ing his  clientele  to  a  worthy  and  able  successor,  Dr.  Philip  Dan- 
sereau, who  soon  won  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  the  people  of 
Lafourche  parish,  and  now  takes  rank  with  the  prominent  phy- 
sicians of  Louisiana.  In  1901  he  married  ^liss  Olive  Conintment, 
of  Thibodaux.  They  are  the  parents  of  8  children,  Jeanne,  Philip, 
Claude,  Marcelle,  Edeard  (deceased),  Harold,  Lucille,  and  Edward 
II,   who  are   of  tlu;  eighth   generation   of  Dansereaus  in   America, 


BIOGRiiPHICiyj  117 

and  of  the  third  generation  in  Louisiana.  Dr.  Dansereau  takes 
active  interest  in  public  affairs,  and  is  at  the  present  time  presi- 
dent of  the  Lafourche  parish  board  of  health;  is  member  of  the 
Lafourche  parish,  and  of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  societies; 
also  affiliated  with  the  fraternal  orders,  Maccabees  and  the  Wood- 
men of  the  World.  Dr.  Dansereau  is  a  follower  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  faith. 

Darsam,  Jacob,  Sr.,  was  born  in  Hesse,  Darmstadt,  Germany,  in 
1840,  and  was  one  of  a  large  family.  When  4  years  old  he  came  to 
America  with  his  father  and  settled  in  New  Orleans.  Owing  to 
reverses  and  death  in  the  family,  he  had  small  opportunity  for  an 
education  and  was  thrown  upon  his  own  resources  when  quite 
young.  When  still  a  young  man  he  took  up  cotton  sampling  and 
weighing,  which  he  followed  until  he  amassed  a  competency.  He 
retired  in  1901,  since  which  time  he  has  done  no  business,  but  is 
now  living  as  a  retired  capitalist.  Mary  Eickle  was  born  in  Stutt- 
gart, Germany,  in  1843,  and  in  1861  was  married  to  Jacob  Dar- 
sam, Sr.  This  couple  were  the  parents  of  10  children,  as  follow: 
Jacob,  Jr.,  Amelia,  Christopher,  John  Valentine,  Louise  Helena, 
Josephine  Elizabeth,  Joseph,  Mary  Georgiana,  Frederick  Emiel, 
and  Frances  Viola  Virginia.  Of  these  10  children  2  attended  a 
German-American  school,  the  others  went  to  public  school  and 
graduated  from  the  high  school.  Frederick  E.  and  Frances  Viola 
V.  took  a  commercial  course  in  Soule  college.  The  5  brothers  first 
began  business  in  the  cotton  trade,  but  in  Jan.,  1907,  they  started 
as  coal  dealers,  and  from  the  start  to  the  present  time  they  have 
done  well,  and  are  now  considered  one  of  the  largest  coal  firms  in 
New  Orleans.  They  have  a  large  trade  in  Alabama  soft  coal  for 
the  city  domestic  use,  a  large  anthracite  trade,  which  reaches  New 
Orleans  via  the  Mississippi  river,  and  a  large  trade  in  gas  coke, 
which  comes  -from  Mobile.  Christopher  was  married  to  Lula  Huse- 
man,  in  New  Orleans,  about  1890,  and  they  have  1  daughter,  Ruth. 
John  Valentine  is  single.  Joseph  was  married  in  1906,  to  Caroline, 
daughter  of  Joseph  W.  Hirn,  who  has  been  called  the  governor- 
maker,  and  Mary  S.  Conley.  They  have  1  daughter,  Mary  Sophia. 
Frederick  was  married  in  1909  to  Edna,  daughter  of  Ralph  E. 
Dadey.  Tliey  have  one  son,  Frederick  Emiel,  Jr.  Amelia  mar- 
ried John  Fred  Muller,  president  of  the  Muller  Furniture  IManvi- 
facturing  Co.  They  have  7  children:  Louise,  Frederick,  William 
Cornelius,  Amelia,  Leah,  Lillian,  Pauline.  Louise  Darsam  mar- 
ried Charles  Muller,  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Muller  Furni- 
ture Manufacturing  Co.,  and  they  have  the  following  children : 
Chai'les,  Morris,  and  John  W.  Mary  Georgiana  married  George 
N.  Templeman,  secretary  of  the  Consolidated  Realty  Manufactin*- 
ing  Co.,  of  New  Orleans.  They  have  2  children,  Marion  and  EdAvin. 
Mr.  Eickle,  the  father  of  Mrs.  Jacob  Darsam,  Sr.,  was  a  sculptor 
of  some  note  in  Germany. 

Daspit,  Henry,  well  known  public  accountant  and  business  man 
of  New  Orleans,  was  born  July  16,  1855,  in  Terrebonne  parish.  La. 
His  father,  Robert  Daspit,  born  in  Louisiana  in  1811,  died  in  1870 ; 
was  a  sugar  planter  and  merchant  in  Terrebonne  parish.  Robert  Das- 
pit's  grandfather  was  Daspit  de  St.  Amant.   Henry  Daspit 's  mother 


118  LOUISIANA 

was  Myrthe  Chauvin  of  the  same  parish,  and  was  a  granddaughter  of 
Chanvin  de  la  Frenierre.  One  of  these  Chauvins  was  attorney  gen- 
eral of  France.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robert  Daspit  had  10  children  named : 
Adele,  Elvira,  Charles  M.,  Oscar  B.,  Victoria,  Arthur,  Anbin,  Henry, 
Ella,  and  Joseph  R.  Henry  Daspit  spent  his  youth  in  his  native  par- 
ish, attended  private  school  until  he  was  15  years  old.  He  then 
moved  to  New  Orleans  and  entered  Dolbear's  Commercial  college.  In 
1874  he  began  the  sugar  business  in  the  employ  of  Bush  &  Levert, 
■\\dth  which  firm  he  remained  until  1893.  Following  this  for  3  years 
he  was  in  the  commission  business  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Daspit 
&  Levert  and  then  for  a  like  period  he  engaged  in  the  brokerage  bus- 
iness. For  2, years  he  was  chief  deputy  internal  revenue  collector  and 
for  5  years  was  secretary  and  credit  man  for  D.  H.  Holmes  &  Co. 
From  1904  to  1908,  he  was  in  a  manufacturing  enterprise  in  Mem- 
phis, Tenn.,  and  since  the  latter  year  he  has  acted  as  public  account- 
ant in  addition  to  which  lie  has  maintained  an  interest  in  the  sugar 
business  also.  Since  1911,  Mr.  Daspit  has  been  with  4  sugar  com- 
panies ;  is  secretary  of  2  of  them  and  general  auditor  of  all  4.  For 
2  years,  1911  to  1913,  he  has  been  president  of  the  Society  of  Louisi- 
ana public  accountants  and  trustee  and  vice-president  of  the  Amer- 
ican Association  of  Public  Accountants.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Episcopal  church.  In  1881,  Mr.  Daspit  married  Miss  Lizzie  C, 
daughter  of  Henry  Winslow,  who  was  formerly  a  Georgia  planter, 
but  later  a  merchant  in  New  Orleans.  During  the  Civil  war  Mr. 
Winslow  was  major  on  the  staff  of  Gen.  Leonidas  Polk.  Four  chil- 
dren have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Daspit,  namely :  Bush,  Henry, 
Walter,  and  Myrtle. 

Davey,  John  C,  well  known  New  Orleans  attorney,  was  born  at 
New  Orleans,  La.,  and  is  thirty-four  years  of  age  at  this  time  (1913)  ; 
son  of  John  C.  and  Anna  (McConnack)  Davey,  the  birthplace  of  the 
father  being  the  same  as  that  of  the  son,  where  the  father's  life  also 
ended  at  the  age  of  56  years  in  the  year  1909.  The  paternal  grand- 
father, whose  name  also  was  John  C.  Davey,  was  a  native  of  Ireland, 
whence  he  came  to  America  and  located  at  New  Orleans  about  the 
year  1846.  He  was  a  thorough  master  of  the  varied  ramifications  of 
the  saddlery  and  harness  trade  and  shortly  after  having  become  a 
resident  of  the  southern  metropolis  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of 
that  line  of  goods,  founding  a  continuing  business,  now  known  as  the 
John  C.  Davey  Harness  &  Saddlery  Co.  He  died  in  the  city  of  New 
Orleans  in  1885,  at  the  age  of  60  years.  Anna  (MeCormack)  Davey, 
mother  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born  at  New  Orleans;  a 
daughter  of  Martin  MeCormack,  who  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  though 
he  lived  many  years  at  New  Orleans,  where  his  life  ended  in  1874. 
The  present  John  C.  Davey  is  the  eldest  of  9  children  born  to  his  par- 
ents. His  childhood  and  youth  were  passed  in  the  city  of  his  nativ- 
ity, where  he  attended  the  public  schools.  Following  his  graduation 
from  the  Boys'  High  school  the  young  man  soon  entered  tlie  law  de- 
partment of  Tulane  university,  and  in  due  time  graduated  from  that 
institution  with  the  class  of  1900.  His  practice  as  a  member  of  the 
bar  of  New  Orleans  dates  from  the  year  succeeding  his  graduation, 
but  in  1906  he  became  a  member  of  the  well-known  law  firm  of  Din- 
kelspiel,  Hart  &  Davey,  which  association  has  continued  to  this  time. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  •  119 

Politically,  Mr.  Davey  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party.  Yield- 
ing to  what  he  considered  his  duty  as  a  citizen,  in  1912.  he  became  a 
candidate  for  the  Louisiana  State  senate  from  the  First  Senatorial  dis- 
trict, and  was  elected,  being  incumlbent  of  that  position  at  this  time. 
Senator  Davey  is  a  member  of  the  Catholic  church.  He  is  also  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Louisiana  Bar  and  American  Bar  associations,  and  the 
Chess,  Checkers  and  Whist  club  of  New  Orleans. 

David,  Francis  E.,  of  Alexandria,  sheriff  of  Rapides  parish,  was 
born  at  Pineville,  in  the  parish  of  Rapides,  Sept.  11,  1874,  son  of 
John  Edward  and  Marie  (Poussin)  David.  Of  French  nationality, 
the  David  and  Poussin  families  have  been  residents  of  Rapides 
parish  since  the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth  century.  Jean  David, 
the  sheriff's  paternal  grandfather,  and  Frangois  Poussin,  his  ma- 
ternal grandfather,  came  to  Louisiana  about  the  same  time,  the 
former  locating  for  a  few  years  in  New  Orleans,  before  settling  in 
Rapides  parish,  and  the  latter  emigrating  directly  to  the  town  of 
Pineville,  both  engaging  for  many  years  in  the  mercantile  busi- 
ness. John  Edward  David,  whose  occupation  was  that  of  planter, 
is  still  residing  in  Rapides  parish.  The  eldest  of  9  children,  7  of 
whom  are  living,  Francis  E.  David  was  reared  and  educated  in  the 
parochial  schools  of  the  parish,  and  by  private  tutors.  After 
occupying,  from  time  to  time,  several  clerical  positions,  ho  was 
appointed  a  deputy  sheriff,  first  under  Gen.  D.  T.  Stafford,  and 
next  rinder  C.  M.  Kilpatrick,  and  was  elected  sheriff  without  oppo- 
sition in  1912.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  coun- 
cil No.  1,134,  and  of  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Rapides  camp  No. 
17.  A  lifelong  resident  of  Rapides,  a  descendant  of  the  early  set- 
tlers, and  allied  to  the  oldest  and  best  families,  a  gentleman  of 
courteous  manners,  a  very  able  and  popular  public  officer,  Sheriff 
David  is  greatly  esteemed  and  respected  by  the  people  of  Rapides. 
He  married  in  1904,  Mrs.  Rose  Lacaze,  nee  Cheney.  They  have  3 
children,  Francis  E.  David,  Jr.,  Thomas  Cheney  David,  and  John 
Edward  David. 

Davis,  Clifton  Felix,  attorney-at-law,  Shreveport,  La.,  was  born 
near  Brenham,  Tex.,  Feb.  13,  1868,  son  of  James  Lewis  and  Sarah 
Roxana  (Eppes)  Davis,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Virginia 
and  the  latter  in  Mississippi.  The  Davis  family  is  one  of  the  oldest 
Virginia  families  of  English  descent.  James  Lewis  Davis,  the 
father,  came  to  Louisiana  while  yet  quite  a  young  man,  and  prior 
to  the  Civil  war.  The  Eppes  family  is  also  of  Virginia.  Sarah 
Roxana  Eppes  was  a  daughter  of  John  Wayles  Eppes.  The  father 
of  Clifton  Felix  Davis  served  as  a  surgeon  in  the  Confederate  army 
until  the  time  of  the  surrender.  He  followed  the  profession  of  a 
practicing  physician  throughout  life.  After  the  war  he  lived  a 
short  time  in  Texas,  but  returned  to  Lake  Providence,  La.,  in  1870, 
and  continued  a  resident  of  that  place  for  many  years.  His  death 
occurred  at  San  Antonio,  Tex.,  to  which  place  he  had  gone  a  few 
years  before.  The  son,  Clifton  Felix,  passed  his  boyhood  and  youth 
"at  the  town  of  Lake  Providence,  where  he  attended  the  public 
schools.  Later  he  took  a  classical  course  at  an  academy  in  Florida, 
and  returning  to  Lake  Providence  became  connected  with  a  law 
office     and  began  the  study  of  law.     He  was  admitted  to  the  bar 


120  LOUISIANA 

at  the  latter  place  in  the  year  1892,  and  continued  to  reside  and 
practice  there  until  1907,  when  he  removed  to  Shreveport.  In 
1900  he  was  appointed  to  fill  the  unexpired  term  of  his  father-in- 
law,  Judge  Field  Farrar  Montgomery,  as  district  judge.  In  1897 
Judge  Davis  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Walton  Montgomery,  a 
daughter  of  Judge  Field  Farrar  Montgomery,  prominent  lawyer 
and  jurist  of  north  Louisiana.  Three  children  have  been  born  to 
their  union.  Judge  Davis  is  a  Master  Mason,  and  a  member  of  the 
Woodmen  of  the  World.  Though  not  at  this  time  directly  inter- 
ested in  agriculture,  he  was  for  a  number  of  years  prominently 
identified  with  that  pursuit  in  connection  with  the  law,  and  is 
fully  alive  to  the  interests  of  the  agricultural  classes  and  loyal  to 
them.  He  is  a  man  of  broad  learning  and  liberal  views,  deeply 
appreciative  of  the  obligations  of  the  citizen  in  public  affairs  and 
at  all  times  ready  to  ally  himself  with  any  really  commendable 
movement  looking  toward  the  betterment  of  living  cojiditions  or 
the  conservation  of  the  people's  interests.  Judge  Davis  has  come 
into  prominence  in  Louisiana  entirely  through  his  own  activities 
and  few  men  are  more  highly  esteemed  by  the  people  among  whom 
they  live  and  exert  their  talents. 

Dawkins,  Bruton  T.,  of  the  firm  of  Blackman,  Overton  &  Daw- 
kins,  attorneys-at-law,  Alexandria,  La.,  was  born  in  Union  parish. 
La.,  Oct.  1,  1887,  son  of  Oliver  Cromwell  and  Jessie  T.  (Thompson) 
Dawkins,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  the  same  locality  as  was 
the  son,  was  a  graduate  of  the  University  of  Tennessee,  at  Knox- 
ville,  and  became  a  prominent  attorney  at  Monroe,  La.  His  wife 
also  was  a  native  of  Union  parish,  and  was  a  daughter  of  Dr. 
Thompson,  whose  wife's  maiden  name  was  Ann  Bruton.  The 
ancestors  of  the  Dawkins  family  in  Loiiisiana  came  to  this  state 
from  South  Carolina.  Both  parents  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
are  living  at  this  time.  Bruton  T.  Dawkins  is  the  eldest  of  6  living 
children  born  to  his  parents.  He  graduated  from  the  Loitisiana 
state  university  in  1909,  with  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  laws.  He 
had  previously  attended  the  law  department  of  Tulane  university. 
After  graduating  at  the  Louisiana  state  university  he  began  the 
practice  of  law  at  Monroe,  La.,  where  he  remained  about  1  year. 
In  Jan.,  1911,  he  moved  his  law  offices  to  Alexandria,  where  he  has 
since  practiced  his  profession.  Mr.  Dawkins  is  a  Royal  Arch 
Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Woodmen  of  the  World  and  the  Sigma 
Alpha  Epsilon,  and  Theta  Nu  Epsilon  fraternities.  He  enjoys 
large  popularity,  both  professionally  and  as  a  citizen  of  Alexandria. 
In  1914  Mr.  Dawkins  married  Miss  Sarah  Blackman,  daughter  of 
Wilbur  W!  and  Sallie  (Fisk)  Blackman. 

DeBellevue,  Cassius  B.,  district  attorney,  18th  judicial  district, 
composed  of  Acadia  and  Lafayette  parishes,  La. ;  residence,  Crow- 
ley, Acadia  parish,  was  born  at  Marskville,  Avoyelles  parish.  La., 
Sept.  10,  1877.  His  father,  0.  B.  DeBellevue,  also  was  born  at 
Marksville,  Avoyelles  parish,  Api'il  21,  1853,  and  practically  has 
devoted  his  life  to  newspaper  work.  He  is  now  editor  and  owner  of 
the  Avoyelles  Enterprise.  Although  a  Democrat,  and  always  active 
in  upholding  the  principles  of  his  party,  even  though  this  at  times 
may  work  a  hardship  upon  him  personally,  he  has  never  been  an 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  121 

officeholder,  with  the  exception  of  1  term  during  which  he  con- 
sented to  serve  as  a  justice  of  the  peace  because  it  appeared  his 
duty  under  the  circumstances.  His  wife,  Angeline  (Normand)  De- 
Believue,  mother  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  is  a  native  of  Avoy- 
elles parish,  La.  Both  parents  are  living  at  this  time  and  going 
about  their  respective  affairs  with  their  accustomed  zest  and  hearty 
goodwill  to  their  neighbors  and  fellow-townspeople,  among  whom 
they  have  always  enjoyed  especial  popularity  and  the  highest 
esteem.  The  paternal  grandfather,  F.  B.  DeBellevue,  was  a  native 
of  the  state  of  Louisiana,  made  his  home  in  Avoyelles  parish,  in 
which  locality  his  life  ended  peacefully  after  a  career  of  active 
usefulness  as  a  citizen  of  that  region.  During  a  number  of  years  he 
filled  the  office  of  deputy  clerk  of  court  and  served  on  the  bench  as 
parish  judge.  The  family  ancestors  came  from  France.  Cassius  B. 
DeBellevue  was  fifth  of  10  children  born  to  his  parents,  these 
being,  in  order  of  their  birth:  Albert,  now  business  manager  of 
the  Avoyelles  Enterprise,  his  father's  newspaper;  Cecile  and 
Blanche,  twins,  the  latter  of  whom  is  now  the  wife  of  Charles 
Brown,  of  Marksville;  Angelica,  Cassius  B.,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch ;  Ulyse,  painter  and  paper  hanger  contractor,  of  Alexandria ; 
Sidney,  a  traveling  salesman  of  New  Iberia ;  Etna,  wife  of  Elie 
Guidroz,  of  Poiute  Coiipee  parish.  La.;  Leo  B.,  a  practicing  attorney 
of  Crowley ;  and  Cilton,  a  traveling  salesman  of  Waco,  Tex.  Cas- 
sius B.  DeBellevue  received  his  earlier  education  at  public  and 
private  schools  in  Avoyelles  parish.  After  the  completion  of  his 
academic  education  he  became  a  traveling  salesman,  his  territory 
lying  in  the  Southern  and  middle  Western  states,  remaining  in 
this  employment  until  the  time  of  his  marriage.  Jan.  26,  1905,  Mr. 
DeBellevue  Avas  married  to  Miss  Belle  Wilkinson,  a  daughter  of 
H.  B.  Wilkinson,  of  Whitecastle,  La.  After  his  marriage  Mr.  De- 
Bellevue became  identified  with  mercantile  pursuits  at  the  city  of 
New  Orleans  and  at  Rayne,  La.,  and  while  so  engaged  devoted  his 
spare  time  to  the  study  of  law,  making  such  good  use  of  this  spare 
time  that  on  March  12,  1910,  after  examination  before  the  supreme 
court  of  the  state  of  Louisiana,  he  was  licensed  as  a  practicing 
attorney.  Within  a  short  time  after  having  been  admitted  to  the 
bar,  he  established  himself  in  offices  at  Crowley,  La.,  and  there 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession,  at  that  time  initiating  what 
gives  every  promise  of  becoming  a  notable  career  as  a  Southern 
lawyer.  The  term  "notable  career  as  a  Southern  lawyer"  is  here 
used  advisedly,  and  with  a  full  appreciation  of  the  many  brilliant 
records  and  great  names  to  be  found  among  the  annals  of  attorneys 
who  have  risen  to  positions  of  eminence  and  whom  the  South  num- 
ber among  her  gifted  sons.  In  1912  Mr.  DeBellevue  became  a  can- 
didate for  the  office  of  district  attorney,  and  so  successful  was  his 
campaign  that,  in  spite  of  the  fact  of  opposition  by  two  able  attor- 
neys each  seeking  the  office,  he  received  almost  half  of  the  votes 
cast  in  the  fii"st  primary  election,  and  his  ultimate  triumphant 
election  was  made  so  plain  that  the  most  successful  of  the  two 
opposing  candidates  withdrew  from  the  race  and  left  Attorney 
DeBellevue  to  be  elected  without  further  opposition.  In  addition 
to  his  increasing  popularity  as  a  lawyer,  and  his  jovial  goodfel- 


122  LOUISIANA 

lowship  among  people  of  all  classes,  he  is  an  exceptionally  good 
campaigner,  strong  and  forceful  in  his  arguments,  of  splendid 
physique  and  commanding  personality,  sympathetic  and  highly  ap- 
preciative of  trusts  reposed  in  him,  cordial  in  his  greeting,  opti- 
mistic of  temperament  and  always  ready  to  lend  a  hand  in  aid  of 
his  fellow-citizen,  and  with  all  these  fortunate  endowments  com- 
bining the  student's  love  of  his  law  books,  it  is  easy  to  see  that  the 
pathway  of  this  southern  Louisiana  lawyer  is  to  lead  ever  upward 
to  greater  achievement.  In  his  campaign  for  the  office  of  district 
attorney  he  was  opposed  both  by  the  political  organization  and  the 
newspapers,  and  was  comparatively  new  in  the  disti'ict.  His  elec- 
tion was  a  personal  triumph  in  every  way  flattering.  Three  chil- 
dren have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  DeBellevue,  these  being  Mer- 
ritt.  Fay,  and  Lyle.  Mr.  DeBellevue  is  a  Roman  Catholic  and  is  a 
member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  of 
the  Knights  of  Columbus,  being  past  grand  knight  in  the  latter 
organization,  of  Crowley  council  No.  1318,  and  enjoying  the  dis- 
tinction of  having  been  elected  grand  knight  within  less  than  1 
year  after  having  been  admitted  as  a  member.  In  Aug.,  1913,  he 
figured  as  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Association  of  District  At- 
torneys for  Loiiisiana,  and  is  a  member  of  the  executive  board  of 
that  organization.  In  his  manner  of  handling  the  prosecution  of 
Dora  Murff  and  James  Duval,  recently  on  trial  for  the  murder  of 
Delhaye,  Mr.  DeBellevue  demonstrated  marked  ability  as  a  prose- 
cutor in  criminal  eases,  and  the  fact  that  he  secured  the  conviction 
of  both  defendants  seems  to  be  generally  accepted  as  largely  due 
to  his  skill  and  ability  as  an  attorney,  and  a  striking  proof  that 
the  18th  district  made  no  mistake  in  the  selection  of  its  district 
attorney.  This  trial  lasted  13  days,  and  afforded  a  remarkable  dis- 
play of  legal  talent  on  both  sides.  Many  thought  the  defendants 
would  not  be  convicted. 

Denegre,  Walter  Denis. — Among  those  families  of  French  descent 
which  have  settled  in  Louisiana  and  added  to  the  lustre  of  the 
family  name  since  coming  here  and  which  have  been  entitled  to 
much  credit  for  upright  manhood  in  civil  and  political  matters  of 
the  state,  that  of  Denegre  stands  among  the  most  prominent.  John 
Denegre,  a  native  of  Montaubon,  France,  settled  first  in  Santo 
Domingo,  and  later  in  Southampton  county,  Va.,  and  is  the  first  of 
the  immediate  family  under  consideration  here  who  came  to  Amer- 
ica. In  his  adopted  country  he  married  Miss  Mary  Blow  Cobb  and 
became  a  member  of  the  house  of  the  Virginia  Burgesses.  His  son 
was  James  Denis  Denegre,  who  in  1838  left  Virginia  and  located  in 
New  Orleans.  Here  as  president  of  the  Citizens'  bank  he  became 
one  of  the  best  known  financiers  in  the  South.  While  in  Paris  in 
1864  the  portfolio  of  minister  of  finance  of  Mexico  was  tendered  to 
and  declined  by  him  under  the  Emperor  Maximilian.  His  death 
occurred  in  Brussels,  1865.  While  living  in  New  Orleans,  he  mar- 
ried Miss  Sylvanie  Blanc,  daughter  of  Evariste  Blanc,  of  that  city 
Their  son,  Walter  Denis  Denegre,  whose  name  is  at  the  head  of  this 
sketch,  was  born  June  17,  1858.  He  was  educated  at  Jesuits'  col- 
lege in  New  Orleans,  and  after  2  years  at  St.  Johns'  college, 
Fordham,  New  York,  he  entered  Harvard,  where  he  graduated  in 


Col.  Hugues  de  la  Veugne 


BIOGRiVPinCAL  123 

1879.     Succeeding  this,  he  took  a  2  years'  course  in  law  at  Tulane 
imiversity  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1881.    He  entered  at  once 
into  the  active  practice  of  his  profession,  and  was  successively  a 
member  of  the  firms  of  Bayne,  Denegre  &  Denegre ;  Denegre  &  Den- 
egre ;  Denegre,  Blair  &  Denegre.  Mr.  Denegre  became  one  of  the  most 
conspicuous  members  of  the  New  Orleans  bar  and  was  chosen  in  1881 
as  a  special  counsel  for  the  United  States  before  the  French  and 
American  claim  commission.   Mr.  Denegre  at  once  began  to  take  an 
active  interest  in  public  questions,  and  following  the  footsteps  of  his 
family,  aligned  himself  with  the  democratic  party.     In  1881  such 
were  political  conditions  in  this  state,  and  such  were  abuses  of  the 
government  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans  that  it  was  necessary  to 
devise  some  method  of  opposing  the  political  machine  in  the  city, 
which  styled  itself  democratic,  but  in  which  the  government  was 
not  I)y  the  consent  of  the  governed,  but  by  the  dictation  of  a  few 
ward  "bosses,  and  so  made  possible  by  the  false  returns  of  their  elec- 
tion commissioners.     Under  the  plea  of  rejecting  the    negro    vote, 
the  machine  was  counting  out  the  vote  of  every  white  man  who  dif- 
fered with  its  policy,  perpetuating  an   organization    whose    chief 
object  was  to  secure  the  spoils  of  office  at  the  sacrifice  of  all  honesty 
in  election.    "While  willing  to  go  to  any  extreme  to  prevent  a  return 
of  the  evils  of  reconstruction.  Mr.  Denegre  rebelled    against    any 
attempt  to  count  out  the  white  man,  and  in  1884  began  the  assertion 
of  independence  as  a  democrat  by  joining  a  movement  to  rid  New 
Orleans  of  the  dictation  of  a  machine  responsible  for  this  raisgov- 
ernment.     The  movement  crystallized  into  the  organization  known 
as  the  "Independent  Democi-atic  Association,''  which  put  up  a  city 
ticket  of  its  own,  but  endorsed  the  regular  democratic  state  ticket. 
While  the  efforts  of  democrats  of  independence,  in  1884,  failed  of 
election,  so  dishonest  M'as  the  conduct  of  the  election  machine,  so 
flagrant  its  falsification  of  the  returns,  that  a  healthier  public  senti- 
ment was  aroused  in  New  Orleans.     This  sentiment  grew  in  force 
owing  to  the  unsatisfactory  administration  of  the  city  officers  by 
those  declared  to  be  elected    by    this    dishonest    election,    and    in 
1888  the  seed  of  1884  bore  fruit  in  the  organization  known  as  the 
"Young  Men's  Democratic  Association,"   in  which   Mr.   Denegre 
took  a  leading  part  and  won  a  signal  victory  over  the  city  ring 
and  installed  an  administration  more  productive  of  good  for  the 
city  and  state  than  any  in  office  up  to  that  time.    The  emancipation 
of  "the  thoughtful  men  by  the    campaigns    of   1884,    1888,  and  1892, 
followed  by  tlie  disgraceful  administration  of  city  affairs  by  the 
government  imposed  by  the  bosses,  again  aroused  public  sentiment, 
and  pointed  the  necessity  of  again  taking  the  city  government^  out 
of  the  hands  of  the  creatures  of  the  ring.    This  was  the  l)irth  of  the 
"Citizens'  League,"  which  was  dominated  by  democrats  and  whose 
active  leaders  were  democrats.    Mr.  Denegre  was  one  of  these  lead- 
ers.    The  members  of  the  legislature  who  belongd  to  this  league 
asked  Mr.  Denegre  to  become  a  candidate  for  a  seat  in  the  United 
States  senate,  an  election  to  which  was  to  take  place  in  May,  1896 
Although  having  made  other  plans  for  his  time,  he  consented  to 
become  a  candidate.     May  28,  1896,  he  received  the  67  votes  neces- 
sary for  election,  but  the  presiding  officer  declared  that  'Slv.  Denegre 


124  LOUISIANA 

had  received  only  66,  when  it  was  well  known  that  Mr.  Troselair 
had  demanded  a  change  of  his  vote  prior  to  the  votes  being  an- 
nounced. This  change  would  have  elected  Mr.  Denegre,  and  by  this 
means  he  was  unfairly  deprived  of  a  seat  in  the  United  States  sen- 
ate. He  was  married  in  1893  to  Mrs.  Bertha  Armour,  widow  of 
William  Armour,  and  daughter  of  Silas  Cobb,  of  Chicago.  Socially 
Mr.  Denegre  and  his  family  have  been  very  prominent  in  New 
Orleans,  and  in  1899  he  was  king  of  the  carnival.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Boston  club  (New  Orleans),  University,  Racquet,  Harvard, 
Brook  clubs  (New  York),  Myopia  Hunt,  Essex  Countj^  (Massa- 
chusetts), and  Metropolitan  club,  of  Washington.  He  was  also  a 
member  of  the  board  of  administrators  of  Tulane  imiversity,  and 
for  some  years  a  lieutenant-colonel  in  the  Louisiana  state  national 
guard  on  the  staff  of  Maj.-Gen.  John  Glynn,  Jr.  In  1889  he  was 
among  those  who  helped  suppress  the  Mafia  in  New  Orleans. 

de  la  Verg-ne,  Col.  Hugues  Jules. — It  is  not  often  that  the  chron- 
icler of  family  history  and  genealogy  in  America  is  given  the 
advantage  of  a  long  and  carefully  kept  lineage  coupled  with  per- 
sonal distinction  and  honorable  achievement.  Of  all  the  descend 
ants  from  the  sons  of  France  who  settled  in  the  fair  commonwealth 
of  Louisiana,  none  can  look  back  on  an  ancestry  more  creditable 
than  that  of  Col.  Hugues  Jules  de  la  Vergne,  the  well-known  lawyer 
of  New  Orleans.  The  de  la  Vergne  family  is  one  of  ancient  chiv- 
alry, and  their  chateau  is  situated  at  St.  Priestliguore,  Haute 
Vienne,  Limousin,  France.  The  family  arms  and  motto  are  as  fol- 
lows:  Arms — "D'or  a  la  rose  de  gueules;  surmounted  bj^  a  count's 
helmet  and  a  coronet."  Motto — "Honneiir  et  Vaillance."  The  first 
of  this  family  to  come  to  New  Orleans  was  Count  Pierre  de  la 
Vergne,  Chevalier  de  St.  Louis,  who  was  born  at  Brive,  France,  a 
son  of  Seigneur  Jean  de  la  Vergne.  In  1767  as  an  officer  in  the 
Royal  IMilitary  company.  Count  Pierre  de  la  Vergne  came  to  New 
Orleans,  and  here  his  death  occurred  in  1813.  He  had  married 
Marie  Isabel,  daughter  of  Guillaume  and  Rose  (du  Busson)  de 
Vergier.  Their  son  was  Col.  Hugues  de  la  Vergne,  born  1792,  died 
1843,  who  was  major  on  the  staff  of  Gen.  Jackson  at  the  battle  of 
New  Orleans,  became  secretary  of  state  in  1820  and  was  colonel  on 
the  staff  of  Thomas  B.  Robertson,  third  governor  of  Louisiana.  He 
was  a  prominent  banker.  He  married  Marie  Adele,  daughter  of 
Ma.]. -Gen.  Jacques  Philippe  de  Villere,  second  governor  of  Louisi- 
ana, and  by  her  was  father  of  Col.  Jules  de  la  Vergne.  Gov.  Villere 
was  born  in  St.  James  parish,  April  28,  1761,  his  father,  Joseph  Roy 
Villere,  having  served  as  naval  secretary  in  Louisiana  under  Loviis 
XV,  and  married  Marguerite  Louise  de  la  Chaise,  whose  grandfather, 
Jacques  de  la  Chaise,  was  treasurer  of  the  Colonies  during  the 
French  domination,  and  also  a  granddaughter  of  Chevalier  Charles 
Frederic  d'Arensbourg.  A  more  extended  notice  of  Gov.  Villere 
and  Ills  administration  will  be  found  in  volume  II  of  this  work. 
Col.  Jules  de  la  Vergne,  born  in  1818,  died  in  1887,  was  an  active 
participant  in  the  public  affairs  of  Louisiana.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  lower  liouse  of  the  legislature  in  ]844,  and  of  the  senate  in  1856. 
He  served  ;is  an  aide-de-camp  on  the  staff'  of  Gov.  Alexander  Mouton 
and  as  Lieut. -Col.  and  aide-de-camp  on  the  staff  of  Gov.  Thomas  0. 


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BIOGRAPHICAL  125 

Moore  during  the  Confederate  war.    His  wife  was  Emma  Josephine, 
daughter  of  Judge  Joaquin  and  Emma  (Troxler)   Bermudez 
^'S?l  Hugues  Jules  de  la  Vergne  .s  the  son  of  Col.  J-l-  and  Emma 
ToseDhine  Bermudez  de  la  Vergne,  and  was  born  in  New  Oi  leans, 
Ju  y^       1867     His   education  was   acquired  in  t1.e   schools   of   Ins 
na  ive  city  and  he  graduated  from  the  Jesuit  college  m  1885  ^ith 
Hie  degree  oTa   B.    His  alma  mater  conferred  the  degrees  of  A.  M. 
i'lSsf  and  Ph.  B.  in  1893.    Having  taken  i^,  the  study  of  law,  he 
graduated  from  Tulane   with  the   degree   of   LL.   B.   in  1888.     He 
bSan  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  New  Orleans  where"  he  has 
bult  UP  a  lucrative  business  with  an  ever  widening  circdeot  chents. 
hJ^VS  appointed  major  and  aide-de-camp  on  the  sta^S  of  Gov 
Blanehard    July,  1904,  and  promoted  Lieut.-Col.,  Alaich  1-,  iJuo- 
T he  f aiiiiy  life  of  Col.  de  la  Vergne  is  most  happy.     May  2    189o 
he  nuirried  Marie  Louise,  daughter  of  Charles  Edouard  and  Leda 
(Hincks    Schmidt,  of  New  Orleans,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  well- 
(HinckSj  ocnmiui,  u  children   are  Marguerite,  born 

known  lawyer  of  this  city,      ilieir  cnimieu  pi,„,.i„s  Edouard, 

Sept.  23,  1896;  JuiUac  Hugues    Nov.  24,  1^97,  ^hailes^aouara 
Aug   18    1904;  Marie  Louise  Helene  Leda,  Aug.  7    1908,  W-  Priest 
UgSre  Joaquin  Jules  K.,  Aug.  17   1911 ;  Jaeqiies  R  V^illere  Feb.  27 
1913      The  summer  home  of  the  family  is  Villa  de  la    v eigne    on 
b' gue  Falia,  near  Covington,  La      Hitherto  the  town  Iious^b  la 
been  at  823  Esplanade  avenue,  but  recently  Col.  de  la  Vergne  lias 
nnrehased  one  of  the  finest  homes  in  New  Orleans,  situated  m  St. 
Charies  aveni'e,  and  here  in  the  future  their  well-known  hospitaliy 

^SSl^p  in  t^e  B^i^JtiifSd  and  ^-^  Men.^nastic 
clubs     Though  not  a  seeker  after  public  office  he  is  always  inter 
eSed  in  tlose  movements  that  have  for  their  object  the  moral  uplift 
and  civic  welfare  of  the  community.     Being  yet  m  the  prime  o 
Me    much  may  be  expected  from  him  because  his  inclination    lu 
high  standing    and  his  talent,  all  impel  him  to  work  in  a  practical 

^^¥c£draSif  and  Charles  Edouaxd.-It  is  seldon^Mt  a 
father  and  his  sou  achieve  eminence  m  the  practice  ot  law  m  tlie 
same  court.  The  settled  character  of  the  population  of  New  Or- 
ders contributes  more  toward  this  result  than  most  other  sections 
o'tlie  UnSed  States,  where  the  tide  of  emigration  is  ever  flowing 
and  for  this  reason  sons  succeed  fathers  m  eminence  heie  more 
often  than  in  any  other  city  of  the  nation.     A  conspicuous  example 

ftliis  was  GustLus  and  Charles  Edouard  ^f^-^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
and  scholariy  attorneys  of  the  New  Orieans  bar^  ^^ustav^s  Schnndt 
was  born  at  Mariestad,  Sweden    June  16-   l^i*^'  ^"!^     Hs  father 
Sweet  Springs,  Monroe  county,  W  Va.,  Sept.  20   1877     "^^  tatliei 
Hans  Christian  Schmidt,  born  m  the  province  of  Scania    ^v  as  seere 
farv  of  tie  prefecture  of  Skaraborg  and  was  afterwards  .judge  of 
HieVilic  cour    for  the  south  of  Sweden.     His  mother's  name  was 
S  grfd  Katharina  Morck,  of  a  family  noted  as  owners  of  extens  ve 

ron  mines  An  elder  brother  of  Gustavus  Schmidt  Karl  Christian 
Schm Sr  was  the  editor-in-chief  of  the  leading  law  lournal  ot 
Iweden  fo730  years,  and  a  distinguished  member  of  that  kingdom. 


126  LOUISIANA 

He  also  was  private  councilor  to  King  Oscar.  After  receiving 
private  instructions  he  attended  the  public  classical  school  in  Jon- 
koping  until  he  reached  his  16th  year,  when  he  entered  the  Swedish 
military  na\'y,  which  he  left  at  20  years  to  try  his  fortune  in 
America.  In  1829  he  settled  in  New  Orleans  and  took  up  the  prac- 
tice of  law,  in  which  he  became  one  of  the  leaders  in  the  Louisiana 
bar.  In  1831  he  married  Miss  Melaine  Seghers,  daughter  of  Domi- 
nique Seghers,  of  Briissels,  a  prominent  lawyer.  Mr.  Schmidt  was  a 
linguist  and  also  published  many  law  books  of  great  value.  Charles 
Edouard  Schmidt,  son  of  Gustavus,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Feb. 
29,  1832,  and  died  at  Capon  Springs,  W.  Va.,  Aug.  20,  1891.  He 
was  educated  at  Spring  Hill  college,  Alabama,  and  later  received  a 
degree  of  LL.  B.  at  the  University  of  Louisiana  in  1852.  He  at  once 
began  the  study  of  law  in  the  practice  of  which  he  rose  rapidly  and 
acquired  a  large  and  lucrative  business.  After  a  career  of  more 
than  30  years  he  died  at  the  age  of  59,  full  of  honors  and  in  high 
public  regard  as  one  of  the  most  learned  and  profound  lawyers  of 
the  New  Orleans  bar.  His  fidelity  through  a  long  life  of  profes- 
sional and  social  engagements  and  his  kindly  nature  acquired  for 
him  a  large  circle  of  warm  personal  friends.  May  10,  1869,  he  mar- 
ried Louise  Helene  Leda  Hincks,  daughter  of  the  late  Hon.  John  W. 
Hincks  and  Louise  Helene  Lambert.  Mr.  Schmidt  left  only  1 
child,  a  daughter,  Marie  Louise,  born  July  10,  1876,  now  the  wife 
of  Col.  H.  J.  de  la  Vergne.  Before  the  Schmidt  family  lived  in 
Sweden,  where  they  were  for  several  generations,  it  is  to  be  found 
in  Silesia,  and  their  coat  of  arms  is  "A  shield,  sable  field,  with  a 
lion  of  gold  holding  in  his  front  paws  a  sun  of  gold." 

Dicks,  Arthur  H,  prominent  in  real  estate  and  insurance  circles 
in  New  Orleans,  is  a  native  of  this  city,  born  June  3,  1869.  His 
parents  were  George  W.  and  Josephine  (Richards)  Dicks,  the 
former  a  native  of  Mississippi  and  the  latter  of  the  Danish  West 
Indies.  George  W.  Dicks  was  born  in  Natchez  and  educated  in  his 
native  state.  At  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  he  joined  Fenner's 
battery,  one  of  the  famous  organizations  taking  part  in  that  ever 
memorable  conflict.  At  the  close  of  the  war  he  settled  in  New 
Orleans  where  he  remained  until  his  death,  some  years  later,  the 
remote  cause  of  which  was  a  wound  received  in  battle.  The  Dicks 
are  of  Scotch-Irish  ancestry  and  in  Mr.  Dicks'  ancestry  are  the 
Huntingtons,  who  were  prominent  in  Colonial  and  Revolutionary 
daj'S.  Arthur  H.  Dicks  is  the  elder  of  2  children,  the  other  being  a 
sister,  Ella,  who  now  resides  in  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Dicks  began  his 
business  career  at  the  age  of  14  as  a  clerk  in  a  commission  house, 
where  he  remained  about  7  years.  He  was  for  a  considerable  time 
with  the  firm  of  Sam  Henderson  &  Co.,  general  insurance  agents, 
and  filled  successfully  and  to  their  satisfaction  various  positions 
in  their  office  and  for  a  time  represented  them  in  Louisiana,  having 
exclusive  charge  of  personal,  accident  and  liability  business.  He 
began  business  for  himself  in  1889  as  representative  of  the  Georgia 
Life  Insurance  Co.,  of  Macon,  and  the  Maryland  Casualty  Co.,  of 
Baltimore,  adding  to  this  business  some  years  later  a  real  estate 
department.  In  this  latter  he  has  come  to  be  one  of  the  suc- 
cessful dealers  in  the  city  and  is    recognized    authority    on    all 


GusTAVuy  Schmidt 


BIOGRAPHICiVL  127 


ff  «+,r     Via  ic  1  nipinliPT  of  the  New  Orleans  Real 

£rerchtfe:Siia;foVo."c"»t^e:'.ie  Stratford  cl„b.  and 

''BiSrs^i^^et^trtar^SnL'S:^^^ 

jJiCKSon,  odiuuc  ,       1         ^j^    1     Dickson,  a  native  of  New 

reSt^'N^v'?^8|\°SdK«.cnne  (Klein,  Bgs^^^^ 

bo  n^o'Mr  aM  Mrs.  Ctarles  Dickson ,  Chester  B  "f"  *f  p^ug. 
9  T)13-  Daniel  Norman;  Elvira,  now  Mrs.  Lient.  A.  SleMUe  rope, 
'iS'tl  S  Army,  For,' Oglethorpe,  Ga;  K.  Leo..;  Jnamta,  now 
Mrs.  Lien..  Howell  MaoonE.es,^t^^^^  Yis'lifeTNew"or?eans 
td'-wks^a  meMbS'S'fte"B'r»k  Tarpanlin  Co  manufacturers  of 
S^^-hVStytlitTrn 'C'orirs-ndX^ 

"  H  Sperthr;e?r\?ol  r^r'aas^^SLleh^o^a 
?tctN.\'  Ste?acthJ«t«,rned.oNewOrleans^a^^^^^^^^^^^ 
business  with  his  father  and  the  late  W^  H.  D.  Biook  m  '"«  ™»" 
Tarpanlin  Co.    ™e  <i«f  ,f  »»ol'w '"hT!  Sk 'and  Vhesrl 
?e!r  eS'de^r"!  a\Tats?mr  o°f  tSWss  necessa^,  so^^^^^^ 

rDXr.fdSror^pJr!!S  u%t'th°'Sws"'of  L^^la"  X 

H=lfc.rliJkXsrta.^a?d?fTero^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
presment  ana  u.  g    Dickson  the  majority  of  his 

SrSfthe  c'^^mpany  pass^^  the  hands  of  S.  B.  Dickson   and 

No?man  Dickson  then  became  a  member  of  the  company  and  was 
plPoH  its  secretary  and  treasurer.  When  first  incorporated  the 
oS  of  the  company  was  at  the  foot  of  Gravier  street,  but  the 
Dock  board  wanted  this  place  and  gave  the  Tarpaulin  company  an  , 
SSce  at  the  loot  of  Iberville  street.  The  business  of  the  company 
L  the  manufacturing  of  tarpaulins  for  any  purpose  and  m  any 
sle  They  also  manufacture  a  waterproofing  Preparation  for  cot- 
fnnd„ok  The  company's  factory  is  located  at  429  Celeste  street 
IndS  St.  James  Teet"^  extending  through  from  one  street  to  the 
Xer  Mr  S  B  Dickson  is  a  member  of  the  Association  of  Com- 
merce Feb  7  1910,  he  married  Mrs.  T.  F.  Richardson  a  widow, 
whose  mafden  name 'was  Corinne  Toledano,  daughter  of  Edgar  J. 

^torn.";rnitu^tdean  of  the  College  of  A^cuU^^^^  .id 

Talffornia  in  1849  in  search  of  gold.     Returning  m  1852    he^set- 
St  "whrh'e^SalJeri?;  ryr.Mren"rm?virt?  Carroll 


128  LOUISIANA 

county,  Ark.,  in  which  locality  he  remained  resident  until  the 
time  of  his  death.  In  Carroll  county,  Ark.,  and  Barry  county,  Mo., 
William  Rufus  Dodson,  the  son,  passed  the  days  of  his  youth  in 
the  activities  of  farm  life.  His  early  education  was  obtained  at  the 
country  schools  of  these  localities.  Later  he  attended  Clark's  acad- 
emy, at  Bcrryville,  Ark.,  and  still  later  the  high  school  at  Columbia, 
Mo.  In  1890  he  received  his  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Science  from  the 
University  of  Missouri.  During  his  senior  year  at  the  university 
he  was  employed  as  an  assistant  teacher,  and  for  3  years  follow- 
ing his  graduation  he  continued  as  an  instructor  in  the  University 
of  Missouri.  Following  this,  on  leave  of  absence,  he  went  to  Har- 
vard University,  where  he  specialized  in  botany,  and  in  1894  ob- 
tained the  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts.  He  then  came  to  Louisiana 
state  university  as  professor  of  Botany  and  botanist  of  the  experi- 
ment stations.  In  1902  he  was  made  assistant  director  of  experi- 
ment stations,  at  which  time  he  gave  up  the  teaching  of  botany. 
In  1905  he  was  made  director  of  experiment  stations,  and  in  1910 
became  dean  of  the  College  of  Agriculture  and  director  of  experi- 
ment stations,  Louisiana  state  university.  Prof.  Dodson  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks.  He  affiliates  with  the  Christian  church.  In  1896 
Prof.  Dodson  was  married  to  Miss  Minnie  Pettengill,  of  Centralia, 
Mo.  Prof,  and  Mrs.  Dodson  have  4  living  children,  namely,  Rogers, 
Joe,  Alma,  and  William  Rufus;  Jr.  The  family  resides  at  Baton 
Rouge,  La. 

Dowden,  Stephen  Grant,  assessor  for  the  parish  of  Natchitoches, 
was  born  in  that  parish,  Feb.  6,  1846 ;  the  son  of  Hugh  Dowden, 
a  native  of  Mississippi,  who  came  to  Louisiana  at  the  age 
of  9,  settled  in  Natchitoches  parish,  where  he  resided  many  years. 
He  was  engaged  in  stock-raising  and  farming  and  less  than  6 
months  before  his  death  removed  to  Red  River  county,  Texas, 
where  he  died.  His  father,  James  Dowden,  was  a  native  of  Penn- 
sylvania, and  came  from  Mississippi  to  Louisiana  in  1818.  The 
family  of  James  Dowden  was  reared  in  the  parish  of  Natchitoches ; 
both  he  and  his  wife,  whose  maiden  name  was  Patsey  Nash,  were 
biiried  in  the  old  Natchitoches  cemetery,  now  the  site  of  Mink 
Postoffice.  Sarah  Jane  (Berges)  Dowden,  mother  of  Stephen 
Grant  Dowden,  was  the  daughter  of  Andrew  Bei'ges  of  Pennsyl- 
vania, of  English  parentage.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  is  the 
seventh  child  in  a  family  of  10  sons  and  2  daughters,  all  but  3 
growing  to  maturity.  Reared  and  educated  in  liis  native  parish,  he 
led  an  uneventful  life  until  his  enlistment,  during  the  Civil  war,  in 
the  11th  Louisiana  regiment  of  infantry,  which  eventually  was 
consolidated  with  the  Crescent  regiment  of  New  Orleans.  At  the 
battle  of  Mansfield  he  was  wounded  and  sent  to  a  military  hospital 
and  then  removed  to  a  private  residence,  where  he  completed  his 
convalescence,  and  was  able  to  go  back  to  his  regiment.  To  the 
last  day  of  the  war  the  gallant  soldier  was  in  the  field,  and  when 
honoral)ly  discharged,  after  the  sui'render  of  Gen.  Lee  at  Appo- 
matox,  he  had  been  promoted  to  sergeant.  Returning  to  Natchito- 
ches, Mr.  Dowden  engaged  in  farming  until  1892,  when  he  removed 
from  the  farm  to  Natchitoches,  where  he  became  deputy  sheriff. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  129 

In  1882  he  was  eleetod  a  member  of  the  police  jury  and  served 
as  such  from  the  eighth  ward  until  he  became  deputy  sheriff,  serv- 
in-"  in  the  latter  office  until  elected  to  his  present  position  m  lauo. 
Mr  Dowden  is  very  influential  in  the  politics  of  the  parish  and 
eniovs  great  popularitv.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity, 
council  and  Roval  Arch,  and  is  a  Baptist  in  religion.  In  August, 
1865  occurred  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Dowden  and  Miss  Rosana  L. 
Adlc  who  bore  him  11  children,  6  of  whom  are  living:  Nancy  Vic- 
toria' wife  of  B.  E.  Taylor;  Sarah  Jane,  wife  of  Rufus  Sanders; 
Melissa,  wife  of  Allen  Nash;  Willis  S.,  David  P.  and  Julia,  wife 
of  Robert  Alexander.  From  a  second  marriage  with  Miss  Eliza 
J  Rhodes,  there  were  born  7  children— Edward  G  and  Ediia  M 
Dowden,  twins;  James  A.,  Lees  M.,  Bessie  V.,  Maud  K.  and  Hugh 

H.  Dowden.  •  ,•  .u  •     4.1, 

Dyer,  Isadore,  M.  D.,  of  New  Orleans,  eminent  specialist  in  the 
treatment  of  skin  diseases,  was  born  in  Galveston,  Tex.,  Nov.  2, 
1865     His  parents  were  Isadore  Dyer,  native  of  Germany  (Uct    o, 
1814),  and  Amelia  Ann  (Lewis)  Dyer,  born  at  Harper  s  Ferry,  Va 
Mav  6    1826      Dr.  Over's  father  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  with 
Mekico'  in  1836  and  1848,  and  an  uncle,  Col.  Leon  Dyer   was  iden- 
tified with  the  Baltimore  riots.    The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  edu- 
cated in  the  high  schools  of  Galveston  and  of  Virginia;  entered 
Sheffield  Scientific  school,  Yale  university,  in  1884  and  graduated 
bachelor  of  philosophy  in  1887 ;  studied  medicine  at  the  University 
of  Virginia  and  next  matriculated  in  the  medical  department  ot 
Tulane  universitv,  New  Orleans,  graduating  in  1889.     Was  interne 
of  the  New  York  Skin  and  Cancer  hospital  1890-92,  and  lecturer  m 
the  New  York  post-graduate  medical  school  1891-92;   studied  m 
Europe  in  the  summer  and  fall  of  1893 ;  lecturer  on  skin  diseases, 
Tulane  universitv,  1892;  professor  of  skin  diseases,  New  Orleans 
polyclinic,  1893 ;  delegate  to  international  leprosy  congress  at  Ber- 
lin" 1897-  delegate  to  international  congress  on  moral  prophylaxis 
at  Brussels,  1899 ;  president  of  the  board  of  control.  Leper  Home 
of  Louisiana,  1894;  editor  New  Orleans  Medical  and  Surgical  Jour- 
nal from  1896;  collaborating  editor  of  "Lepra"  from  189/ ;  pres- 
ident Orleans  Parish  Medical  society,   1899;  president  Louisiana 
State  Medical  society,  1902;    vice-president  and  chairman   ot  ar- 
rangements   committee   American   Medical    association,    1J(M ;    re- 
signed as  secretarv  of  the  New  Orleans  polyclinic,  1905,  after  having 
served  10  years;' professor  of  diseases  of  the  skm  and  associate 
dean  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  1907;  dean  ot  the 
medical  department,  Tulane  university,  1908;  president  Southern 
Medical  association,  1911;  president  Americal  Dermatolog  cal  asso- 
elation,  1912;  president  of  New  Orleans  Academy  ot  Sciences,  IJLi: 
president  Association  of  American  Medical  colleges,  1914      In  addi- 
tion to  the  associations  just  named,  Dr.  Dyer  is  a  member  ot  the 
following :   Berzelius  society,  Yale ;  Sigma  Nu  fraternity,  of  which 
he  was  regent,  1904-1906;  Yale  club.  New  York;  Arnij-  and  Navy 
club    Washington  city;  Boston,  Country,  Louisiana,  Round  Table 
and  French  Opera  clubs,  New  Orleans ;  American  Association  tor 
the  Advancement  of  Science;  American  Society  of  Tropical  iMedi- 
cine;  New  York  Medico-Legal  society.     Dr.  Dyer  is  the  author  ot 

III— 9 


130  LOUISIANA 

many  valuable  publications  on  medical  subjects,  and  is  contributor 
to:  '"'Wood's  Reference  Hand-book  of  Medical  Sciences";  "Osier's 
Modern  Medicine";  "Loomis'  Encyclopedia  of  Modern  Medicine"; 
"Morrow's  System";  "Hardaway  and  Bangs'  System."  He  is  a 
Democrat  in  politics,  has  never  sought  any  office  and  is  affiliated 
with  no  religious  body.  July  31,  1905,  he  married  Miss  Mercedes 
Percival,  daughter  of  Alfred  and  Rosalie  (Schneidan)  Percival  of 
England.  Their  family  consists  of  6  children,  named:  Amelia, 
Mercedes,  Isadore,  Jr.,  Alfred,  Donal  and  John  Lewis.  Dr.  Dyer 
holds  the  rank  of  lieutenant  in  the  medical  reserve  corps  of  the 
United  States  army,  inactive  list. 

Duchein,  Charles  F.,  M.  D.,  of  Baton  Rouge,  a  prominent  physi- 
cian and  surgeon,  was  born  in  that  city  March  12,  1875;  son  of 
John  B.  and  Dena  (Brunot)  Duchein.  Dr.  Duchein 's  father  was 
a  native  of  France ;  graduated  in  medicine  and  came  to  Louisiana 
and  practiced  his  profession  in  Baton  Rouge,  where  he  died  in 
1903,  aged  73  years.  Mrs.  Duchein  passed  away  in  the  same  year, 
at  the  age  of  69,  and  there  were  only  24  hours  difference  between 
her  death  and  that  of  her  husband.  Their  family  consisted  of  6 
children ;  2  died  in  infancy,  and  4,  of  whom  Dr.  Charles  F.  Duchein 
is  the  youngest,  grew  to  maturity.  After  receiving  a  primary  and 
grammar  education  in  the  private  schools  of  Baton  Rouge,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  biography  began  higher  studies  iii  the  Louisiana  State 
university  and  next  entered  the  University  of  Nashville,  Tenn., 
from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  1899.  He 
practiced  medicine  in  Le  Compte,  La.,  until  his  father's  death,  in 
1903,  when  he  returned  to  Baton  Rouge,  where  he  has  since  resided. 
The  doctor  is  a  member  of  parish,  state  and  American  medical 
societies ;  is  assistant  surgeon  of  the  Louisiana  Railway  and  Navi- 
gation company ;  member  of  the  Kappa  Alpha  fraternity ;  affiliated 
with  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Baton 
Rouge  lodge.  No.  490;  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks, 
and  is  physician  for  the  Knights  of  Columbus.  In  politics  he  is  a 
Democrat  and  is  actively  interested  in  public  affairs.  Dr.  Duchein 
married  Nov.  8,  1906,  Miss  Louisa  Gordon  Ogden,  daughter  of  the 
late  Hon.  Harry  Ogden,  ex-speaker  of  the  Louisiana  House  of  Rep- 
resentatives and  ex-member  of  Congress  from  the  state.  Two  chil- 
dren, Mary  Scott  and  Annette,  were  born  to  Doctor  and  Mrs. 
Duchein. 

Dunn,.  J.  Fred,  M.  D.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La., 
Nov.  25, 1882;  son  of  James  D.  N.  Dunn,  Sr.,  and  Elizabeth  (Becker) 
Dunn,  the  former  of  whom  Avas  born  in  New  Orleans  in  1858  and 
still  resides  in  the  city  of  his  nativity.  The  mother  was  also  born 
in  New  Orleans,  in  1862,  and  is  now  living.  The  paternal  grand- 
father, James  Dunn,  was  a  native  of  England.  He  came  to  Amer- 
ica when  about  21  years  old,  made  his  home  in  New  York  city 
and  was  later  married  there.  Just  prior  to  the  Civil  war  he  moved 
with  his  family  to  New  Orleans,  and  some  time  later  was  drowned, 
6  days  before  the  birth  of  his  son,  James  D.  N.  He  was  a  seaman 
and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  captain  of  a  sailing  vessel.  The 
maternal  grandfather,  Valentine  Becker,  was  born  in  Germany, 
and    came    from    Europe    directly    to    New    Orleans,    where    he 


BIOGRAPHICAL  131 

afterward  maiTied,  and  for  some  time  conducted  a  cooperage  busi- 
ness, and  died  in  New  Orleans.  James  D.  N.  Dunn  has  lived  in 
New  Orleans  from  the  time  of  his  birth,  and  for  20  years  past  has 
been  a  contracting  stevedore.  J.  Fred  Dunn  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  New  Orleans.  After  finishing  at  the  boys'  high 
school  he  was  for  4  years  employed  as  collector  for  the  wholesale 
grocery  firm  of  E.  Feibleman  &  Son.  In  1902  he  matriculated  in 
the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university  under  the  preceptor- 
ship  of  Dr.  J.  T.  Scott.  In  1904  he  served  as  externe  at  the  New 
Orleans  Charitv  hospital,  and  in  1906  as  interne  at  the  same  insti- 
tution, graduating  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  1908,  following 
which  he  entered  upon  general  practice  in  the  city,  and  has  so 
continued  to  this  time.  During  the  years  1909-10-11  he  was  visit- 
ing physician  to  the  Charity  hospital,  and  during  1911-12  was 
visiting  physician  to  the  tubercular  clinic,  also  local  surgeon  Illi- 
nois Central  hospital  department.  Dr.  Dunn  is  a  member  of  the 
Orleans  Parish  and  Louisiana  State  Medical  associations,  the  Ma- 
sonic fraternity,  Knights  of  Pythias,  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Wood- 
men's Circle  and  Delta  Omicron  Alpha.  He  is  a  Democrat  and  a 
member  of  St.  George  Episcopal  church.  October  12,  1910,  at 
Newcomb  chapel,  New  Orleans,  Dr.  Dunn  was  married  to  Miss 
Grace  Blethen  of  California.  They  have  2  children,  viz. :  J.  Fred, 
Jr.,  and  Henry  Blethen. 

Duson,  Hon.  C.  C,  famous  criminal-hunting  peace  officer  of 
Southwest  Louisiana,  later  state  senator.  United  States  marshal  and 
large  industrial  promoter,  was  born  in  St.  Landry  (now  Acadia) 
parish,  La.,  August  31,  1846,  and  died  at  Crowley,  Acadia  parish, 
La.,  Oct.  20,  1910.  His  father,  Cornelius  C.  Duson,  was  born  at 
Point  Levis,  opposite  Quebec,  Canada,  on  the  St.  Lawrence  river, 
June  8,  1819,  and  was  the  youngest  of  6  sons.  At  the  time  of  the 
outbreak  of  the  French,  in  1837,  he  was  the  only  member  of  his 
family  to  join  the  French  revolutionists,  and  he  did  so  under 
the  protests  of  the  family.  His  brother,  John,  had  been  appointed 
to  watch  for  all  persons  suspected  of  treasonable'  designs  and 
to  report  all  such  to  the  higher  officials.  In  the  face  of  this  oppo- 
sition, however,  he  joined  S.  Lambert  and  8  others  and  started 
on  an  expedition  up  the  Ottawa  river  for  the  purpose  of  rais- 
ing forces  among  the  woodsmen  and  trappers.  Eight  of  this  party 
were  subsequently  captured  and  confined  in  prison  at  Ottawa. 
Duson  escaped  capture  and  as  soon  as  was  possible  made  his  way 
to  the  jail  wherein  his  companions  had  been  temporarily  confined, 
with  the  object  of  attempting  their  release.  He  succeeded  in  get- 
ting into  conversation  with  the  jailer  and  tried  to  engage  him  in  a 
drinking  "bout,"  hoping  to  get  the  jailer  intoxicated  and  then 
effect  the  release  of  the  prisoners,  but  the  jailer  became  suspicious 
and  this  plan  failed,  the  jailer  ordering  him  away.  Previously 
Duson  had  thrown  his  hunter's  cap  upon  a  pile  of  wood  near  by, 
and  when  ordered  to  leave  reached  ostensibly  for  his  cap,  picked  up 
a  stick  of  wood  and  knocked  the  jailer  down,  secured  the  keys  and 
released  his  comrades.  The  party  immediately  decided  upon  at- 
tempting to  make  their  escape  to  the  United  States,  and  making 
their  way  to  the  river  they  cut  loose  a  ferry  boat  and  succeeded 


132  LOUISIANA 

in  crossing  the  river  to  the  United  States,  although  they  were 
hotly  pursued  by  British  soldiers  and  were  repeatedly  fired  upon 
while  on  the  river,  several  members  of  the  little  party  being  killed 
and  others  wounded,  Duson,  among  the  latter,  receiving  a  musket 
ball  shot  through  his  thigh.  He  secreted  himself  in  the  hut  of  a 
woodsman  until  he  had  recovered  from  the  effects  of  his  wound 
sufficiently  to  travel,  and  then  made  his  way  to  the  City  of  Boston, 
Mass.,  where  he  found  that  the  British  government  had  offered 
a  reward  for  his  capture.  Upon  making  this  discover.y  he  deter- 
mined to  travel  south,  and  pursuant  to  this  idea,  ultimately  landed 
on  the  banks  of  the  Mermentau  river  in  St.  Landry  parish.  La., 
near  Lake  Arthur.  Here  he  formed  the  acquaintance  of  a  sea 
captain,  John  Webb,  a  native  of  Essex,  England,  and  a  pioneer 
in  Southwest  Louisiana.  Remaining  in  this  localitj',  some  time 
afterward  Cornelius  Duson  was  married  to  Sarah  Ann  Webb,  the 
sea  captain's  daughter,  when  she  was  only  15  years  old.  Five 
children,  of  whom  C.  C.  Duson  was  eldest,  were  born  to  this  mar- 
riage. After  his  marriage  Cornelius  Duson  settled  down  in  the 
locality  and  devoted  his  energies  to  the  occupation  of  a  tanner 
and  saddler.  In  later  years  he  removed  to  St.  Martin  parish  and 
there  continued  his  trade.  In  1884  C.  C.  Duson,  with  his  brother, 
W.  W.  Duson,  elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work,  visited  their 
father's  old  home  in  Canada,  and  were  much  surprised  by  the 
difficulty  they  experienced  in  finding  anyone  who  had  ever  known 
or  heard  of  their  father,  Cornelius  Duson,  but  after  extended  and 
diligent  inquiry  finally  located  S.  Lambert,  with  whom  the  father 
had  been  associated  during  the  revolution,  and  through  Lambert 
learned  that  their  father's  real  name  was  Cornelius  Duson  Mc- 
Naughton,  and  that  instead  of  being  of  French  descent  he  was  pure 
Scotch,  his  father,  William  McNaughton,  having  been  a  native 
of  Scotland  who  settled  in  Canada.  Cornelius  Duson  had  dropped 
the  use  of  his  last  name  because  of  the  reward  offered  for  his 
capture,  although,  unknown  to  him,  this  had  long  been  unneces- 
sary. C.  C.  Duson  was  reared  on  a  farm,  and  received  a  common 
school  education.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted  in 
support  of  the  cause  of  the  Southern  states  under  Capt.  James 
G.  Hayes,  as  a  member  of  a  body  of  home  guards  whose  duties 
were  confined  to  Southwest  Louisiana.  This  company,  together 
with  Capt.  Hayes,  was  ultimately  captured  and  held  at  New 
Orleans  until  the  close  of  the  war,  when  they  were  released  by 
order  of  Gen.  N.  P.  Banks.  Shortly  afterward,  in  1866,  C.  C. 
Duson  began  his  remarkable  career  as  a  deputy  sheriff  of  St. 
Landry  i^aj'ish,  under  Sheriff  Hayes,  who  had  l)een  captain  of 
the  company  in  which  Duson  served  during  the  Civil  war.  He 
served  as  a  deputy  sheriff  until  1873,  when  he  was  elected  sheriff 
of  St.  Landry  parish,  and  in  the  latter  capacity  served  during  14 
consecutive  years,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  office  of  state 
senator,  to  which  he  had  been  elected.  The  men  of  his  parish 
showed  their  appreciation  of  his  valuable  services  in  his  last  elec- 
tion to  office,  when  he  was  ojjposed  l)y  a  strong  and  popuhir  can- 
'  didate  for  the  same  office.  In  this  election  he  received  a  majority 
of  1,843  votes  out  of  a  total  of  6,209.     It  seems  highly  probable 


BIOGRAPHICAL  133 

that  110  other  man  ever  gained  the  reputation  as  a  sheriff,  in  Louis- 
iana or  elsewhere,  that  was  established  by  C.  C.  Duson  during  his 
nearly  20  years  of  service  as  a  deputy,  and  later  during  14  years  as 
sheriff.  His  record  shows  conclusively  that  he  was  entirely  fear- 
less, relentless  and  untiring  in  pursuit  of  criminal  characters.  One 
of  his  early  accomplishments  as  a  deputy  sheriff  was  the  break- 
ing up  of  organized  bands  of  outlaws  who  had  for  years  scourged 
the  state  and  section  in  which  his  activities  fell,  baffling  all  at- 
tempts to  execute  the  law  and  defying  its  representatives.  He 
pursued  criminals  to  the  borders  of  Mexico,  into  the  mountains 
of  the  Indian  territory  and  north  to  Illinois.  He  engaged  in  des- 
perate fights  ill  his  efforts  to  capture  these  outlaws,  and  was  many 
times  a  target  for  the  bullets  of  those  whose  only  chance  of  escape 
lay  in  his  removal  from  their  path.  While  serving  as  a  deputy 
under  Sheriff  Hayes  in  1872  he,  with  two  other  deputies,  tracked 
the  Guilroy  brothers,  noted  criminals  who  had  long  defied  the 
law,  to  Catahoula  parish,  where  a  desperate  fight  of  short  dura- 
tion ensued.  Three  shots  were  fired  by  the  Guilroys  and  five  by 
the  deputies,  and  the  encounter  terminated  in  the  death  of  both 
the  Guilroy  brothers.  August  3,  1875,  Sheriff  Duson  captured 
Louis  Rousseau,  guilty  of  murder,  in  the  Creek  Nation.  In  the 
same  year,  after  pursuing  John  Slade,  wanted  for  a  heinous  crime, 
for  21  days,  he  was  caught  in  Western  Texas,  near  San  Saba.  In 
1879  he  pursued  2  horse  thieves  15  days  and  captured  them  at 
Bonham,  Tex.  One  of  these  men  was  wanted  for  murder  in 
Texas,  and  was  under  indictment  in  Arkansas  for  mail  robbery. 
The  other  had  just  been  tried  in  Rapides  parish  for  the  murder 
of  a  negro.  IMany  fniitless  efforts  at  the  capture  of  John  Sonnier 
had  been  made  by  other  officers.  He  was  under  indictment  for 
murder  in  both  St.  Landry  and  Calcasieu  parishes,  and  had  long 
been  a  fugitive  from  justice,  since  July,  1871,  in  fact.  In  March, 
1880,  a  requisition  was  issued  for  his  arrest.  He  was  regarded  as 
one  of  the  most  wily  and  dangerous  criminals  who  had  ever  oper- 
ated in  Southwest  Louisiana.  Sheriff  Duson  finally  learned  that 
John  Sonnier  was  in  Brazoria  county,  Tex.,  and  at  once  started 
to  capture  him,  dead  or  alive.  In  company  with  Sheriff  Noble 
and  Deputy  Faunt  of  Harris  county,  Texas,  he  traced  Sonnier  to  a 
convict  camp,  where  he  was  guarding  prisoners  under  the  name 
of  Miller.  He  was  captured  by  being  grappled  before  he  could 
use  his  arms  and  afterward  served  a  life  sentence  in  the  peni- 
tentiary at  Baton  Rouge.  In  March,  1881,  a  requisition  was  issued 
by  Governor  McEnery  for  the  arrest  of  John  Fahey,  who  had  mur- 
dered and  robbed  a  fellow  workman  on  the  Payne  plantation. 
Sheriff  Duson  located  Fahey  in  Illinois,  went  there  and  captured 
the  man  and  returned  him  to  Louisiana,  where  he  was  given  a 
life  sentence.  In  April,  1881,  Governor  McEnery  issued  a  requisi- 
tion for  the  arrest  of  Rhett  Clark,  charged  with  murder,  and  within 
15  days  Duson  had  Clark  a  prisoner  at  Fort  Graham,  Northwest 
Texas.  The  last  important  arrest  made  bj'  Sheriff  Duson  was  that 
of  Lane  and  Brown,  wanted  for  the  murder  of  a  man  by  the  name 
of  Nuby,  on  the  Payne  iilantation.  This  arrest  involved  a  desper- 
ate fight,  in  which  32  shots  were  exchanged.     Sheriff  Duson  re- 


134  LOUISIANA 

ceived  2  bullets  from  Lane's  pistol  and  killed  Lane  in  a  hand-to- 
hand  contest.  Brown  was  captured  and  sentenced  to  life  impris- 
onment. As  previously  stated,  the  famous  sheriff  resigned  from 
that  office,  after  having  served  about  5  years  as  a  deputy,  followed 
by  14  years  as  sheriff,  to  enter  upon  his  duties  as  a  member  of 
the  Louisiana  state  senate.  He  served  in  the  senate  with  conspic- 
uous ability  and  when  his  term  in  that  office  had  expired  he  volun- 
tarily retired  from  the  field  of  politics  and  thereafter,  in  associa- 
tion with  his  brother,  W.  W.  Duson,  devoted  his  means  and  unusual 
abilities  to  the  industrial  development  of  Southwest  Louisiana. 
One  of  his  first  large  enterprises  was  the  surveying  of  a  railroad 
route  from  a  point  on  the  Southern  Pacific  main  line  at  what  is 
now  Midland  Junction,  Acadia  parish,  passing  through  what  are 
now  the  towns  of  Morse,  Gueydan,  Kaplin,  Abbeville  and  New 
Iberia,  and  from  Midland  Junction  north  through  what  are  now 
the  towns  of  Egan,  Iota,  Frey,  in  Acadia  parish;  Eunice,  in  St. 
Landry  parish,  and  Mammon,  in  Evangeline  parish.  He  perse- 
vered in  this  great  undertaking  until  it  had  been  carried  to  suc- 
cessful fruition — the  railroad  built  and  operated,  and  all  the  towns 
mentioned,  from  Gueydan  to  Mammon,  inclusive,  made  thriving 
and  prosperous  communities,  and  the  development  of  a  vast  and 
rich  section  of  country  made  possible  and  initiated.  Senator  Du- 
son was  born  12  miles  from  the  town  of  Crowley,  and  resided  there 
until  the  time  of  his  enlistment  in  the  Confederate  service.  After 
his  parole  he  took  up  residence  in  Opelousas,  the  parish  seat  of 
St.  Landry,  and  remained  resident  there  throughout  his  incum- 
bency as  deputy  sheriff,  sheriff  and  senator.  Following  his  retire- 
ment from  the  latter  office  he  removed  to  Crowley  and  resided 
there  during  the  earlier  part  of  his  railroad  and  town  development 
activities.  In  1894  he  took  up  residence  at  Eunice,  continuing 
there  about  3  years  pending  the  completion  of  his  plans  for  the 
further  extension  of  railroad  lines.  In  1897  he  returned  to  Crow- 
ley, which  was  thereafter  his  home.  Senator  Duson  was  in  all 
respects  fully  entitled  to  regard  as  one  of  the  foremost  and  most 
valuable  men  who  have  ever  lived  within  the  bounds  of  the  State 
of  Louisiana.  Among  his  many,  varied,  important  and  valuable 
activities,  he  was  a  prime  mover  in  the  organization  of  Acadia 
parish,  and  was  one  of  the  largest  land  owners  and  rice  growers 
in  Southwest  Louisiana.  In  1906  Senator  Duson  was  appointed 
United  States  marshal  by  Pres.  Theodore  Roosevelt,  and  was  in- 
cumbent of  that  office  at  the  time  of  his  death.  In  1867  C.  C.  Duson 
was  married  to  Miss  Isora  A.  Andrus,  who  was  born  in  what  is 
now  Acadia  parish.  La.,  and  8  children,  as  follows,  were  born  to 
their  union:  Morton  E.  (deceased),  "Walter  W.,  Eodney  R.  (de- 
ceased), Clayton  C.  (deceased),  Jesse  (deceased),  Meta,  Lola  (de- 
ceased) and  George.  His  first  wife  died  July  17,  1892.  Some  time 
after  the  death  of  his  first  wife  Mr.  Duson  was  married  to  Miss 
Eunice  Pharr  of  Iberia  parish,  and  2  children  were  born  to  this 
union,  these  being  Cornelius  P.  and  Herbert  W.  The  second  Mrs. 
Duson  died  Sept.  2,  1907. 

Duson,  W.  W.,  referred  to  as  "the  man  who  made  Crowley  and 
Southwest   Louisiana,"   was   born   at   Beaux   Bridge,    St.    Martin 


BIOGRAPHICAL  135 

parish,  La.,  Oct.  5,  1853 ;  son  of  Cornelius  C.  and  Sarah  Ann 
(Webb)  Duson.  The  father  was  born  at  Point  Levis,  opposite  Que- 
bec, Canada,  on  the  St.  Lawrence  river,  June  8,  1819,  and  was 
youngest  of  6  sons  born  to  liis  parents.  At  the  time  of  the  out- 
break of  the  French  in  that  region  (1837)  he,  through  sympathy, 
joined  forces  with  the  revolutionists,  against  the  wishes  of  his 
family.  Subsequently  a  small  party  with  which  he  was  oper- 
ating was  captured  and  imprisoned,  he  escaping.  After  much  diffi- 
culty he  succeeded  in  effecting  the  release  of  his  comrades,  and, 
under  the  fire  of  British  soldiers,  they  made  their  way  across  the 
river  to  United  States  territory,  several  members  of  the  party  being 
killed  and  others  wounded  in  the  effort  to  escape  their  pursuers. 
Duson  received  a  severe  wound  in  the  thigh  from  a  musket  ball 
and  was  unable  to  travel  further.  However,  he  successfully  se- 
creted himself  in  the  hut  of  a  woodsman  until  his  wound  had  healed 
sufficiently  to  admit  of  travel,  and  then,  making  his  way  to  Boston, 
there  learned  that  the  British  government  was  offering  a  reward 
for  his  capture.  He  determined  to  get  entirely  out  of  that  region 
and  accordingly  made  his  way  south  as  rapidly  as  possible,  ulti- 
mately reaching  St.  Landry  parish.  La.,  near  Lake  Arthur,  on  the 
Mermenton  river,  where  he  formed  acquaintance  with  John  Webb, 
a  former  sea  captain,  native  of  Essex,  England,  and  a  pioneer  in 
Southwest  Louisiana.  Here  the  fugitive  from  the  Canadian  offi- 
cials located,  and  in  time  married  Sarah  Ami  Webb,  the  sea  cap- 
tain's daughter,  when  the  latter  was  only  15  years  old.  Mr. 
Duson  followed  the  trade  of  a  tanner  and  saddler,  and  in  the 
course  of  time  5  children  were  born  to  his  union  with  Sarah  Ann 
Webb,  these  children  being,  in  order  of  their  birth:  Cornelius  C, 
now  deceased,  elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work ;  Mary  A.,  de- 
ceased; Ellen  N.,  now  Mrs.  C.  W.  Foreman:  W.  W.  Duson,  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  and  Laura,  wife  of  R.  T.  Clark.  The  father 
died  in  April,  1856,  and  the  mother  Dec.  4,  1901.  For  other  details 
as  to  parents  and  ancestry  see  sketch  of  Hon.  C.  C.  Duson,  else- 
where in  this  work.  After  the  death  of  the  father  of  the  children 
above  named,  the  mother  was  later  married  to  William  W.  Bur- 
ton, formerly  of  Berry  Lancashire,  England,  and  2  daughters  were 
born  to  her  second  marriage,  these  being  Rosa  A.,  wife  of  Gus- 
tavus  F.  Fontenot,  clerk  of  court,  Acadia  parish,  and  Olive  V., 
wife  of  Thomas  J.  Toler.  When  the  father  died  he  left  his  family 
in  destitute  circumstances.  During  the  first  10  years  of  his  life 
W.  W.  Duson  attended  school  only  6  months.  After  her  husband's 
death  the  mother  returned  to  St.  Landry  (now  Acadia)  parish, 
which  was  her  birthplace,  and  there  persevered  in  the  struggle  to 
provide  for  her  children.  From  his  earliest  recollection  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  was  obliged  to  work  at  any  employment  to  be 
found  in  the  vicinity  of  his  home  to  contribute  his  mite  toward 
the  support  of  the  family.  During  the  war  the  family  found  it 
hard  to  get  a  living,  and  the  sou  recalls  selling  coffee,  rice  and 
other  edibles,  which  his  mother  had  prepared,  among  the  soldiers. 
Later  he  was  engaged  as  a  driver,  hauling  contraband  material 
from  the  Teche  country  to  Texas.  At  12  years  of  age  he  found 
employment  at  herding  cattle  in  Southwest  Louisiana,  and  con- 


136  LOUISIANA 

tinued  in  this  work  2  years,  receiving  $7.50  per  month  as  salary, 
and  providing  his  own  horse,  saddle  and  boarding  himself.  Dur- 
ing 1868-69  he  worked  in  saw  mills  and  lumber  camps  and  man- 
aged to  attend  a  country  school  about  6  months.  In  1870-71  he 
carried  the  United  States  mail  from  Opelousas  to  Branch  and  St. 
Martinville,  a  distance  of  50  miles,  making  the  trip  3  times  each 
week,  and  during  such  spare  time  as  could  be  found  attending 
school.  In  1871  he  returned  home,  that  he  might  better  look  after 
his  mother  and  sisters,  and  was  successively  employed  at  herding 
wild  stock,  working  in  local  sawmills  and  trading — anything  to 
make  an  honest  living.  In  1874  he  took  a  contract  and  subse- 
quently spent  8  months  in  camp,  transporting  logs  by  water  and 
wagon  to  sawmills.  In  1875  he  was  employed  as  clerk  in  the 
general  store  of  Foreman  &  Webb,  at  Branch,  La.  By  the  end 
of  the  year  1875  he  had  saved  $700,  and  leaving  $300  for  the  care 
of  his  mother,  he  went  to  New  Orleans  and  entered  Blackman's 
school,  corner  Lafayette  and  Carondelet  streets,  where  he  remained 
7  months.  During  this  time  he  progressed  so  rapidly  with  his 
studies  that  he  was  offered  a  position  paying  $125  per  month,  and 
had  practically  accepted  this  place  when  unforeseen  circumstances 
compelled  him  to  return  home  to  care  for  his  mother  and  sisters, 
and  he  again  became  a  clerk  in  the  same  store  as  formerly,  at 
Branch,  receiving  a  salary  of  .$20  per  month.  In  June,  1876,  an 
opportunity  was  presented  to  buy  a  half  interest  in  a  general 
store  at  Plaquemine  Bi'ule,  La.,  and  borrowing  $1,250  from  his 
brother,  C.  C.  Duson,  he  purchased  a  half  interest  in  the  business 
of  C.  W.  Foreman.  During  the  succeeding  2  years  the  business 
prospered  and  he  made  money.  The  credit  system  of  the  time 
was  carried  on,  and  in  the  following  2  years  equinoctial  storms 
destroyed  all  crops,  and  with  assets  of  more  than  $15,000  and  lia- 
bilities of  $6,000,  the  business  was  discontinued,  and  W.  W.  Duson 
gave  his  personal  note,  due  1,  2  and  3  years,  to  the  firms  to  whom 
the  business  was  indebted,  these  firms  being  in  the  city  of  New 
Orleans,  and  within  2  years  paid  every  ^debt,  with  interest,  in 
full.  As  soon  as  he  gave  up  the  store  he  embarked  in  the  real 
estate  business,  for  which,  he  says,  nature  intended  him.  At  this 
time  all  of  Southwest  Louisiana  was  a  wild,  open  stock  range,  and 
the  only  business  to  be  had  in  this  line  was  locating  settlers  on 
state  or  government  homesteads.  This  task  was  a  hard  one,  as 
the  natives  already  resided  on  the  lands,  and  these  had  to  be  con- 
vinced that  the  state  or  Federal  government  would  some  day 
claim  the  land.  His  remuneration  was  small,  but  constant  and 
faithful  work  resulted  in  his  being  able  to  care  for  his  mothei", 
sisters  and  self  and  pay  off  his  indebtedness.  About  this  time  the 
Southern  Pacific  company  was  endeavoring  to  get  right-of-way 
through  this  section  for  its  railroad,  and  W.  W.  Duson,  his  brother, 
C.  C,  and  Judge  J.  G.  Parkerson  of  Lafayette  were  employed  to 
secure  right-of-way  for  the  construction  of  the  connecting  link  to 
complete  the  Sunset  Route  from  New  Oileans  to  California.  In  1884 
W.  W.  Duson  removed  to  Rayne,  La.,  there  continuing  the  real 
estate  business.  Appreciating  the  advantages  and  possibilities  of 
this  section  of  Louisiana,  which  was  then  entirely  undeveloped,  he 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^'^ 

began  advertising  locally,  and  by  the  '^f  "f  «*  lff„.onfin  New 
creased  the  business  that  he  was  enabled  to  keep  an  agent  in  iNew 
oSns  working-  in  connection  with  the  cotton  exposition  of  tbat 
Ui leans    w 01  Kii^  ^^^^  j^  impossible  to  get  any 

Tew  pa?  rt  ShwS  Louisiana  to  do  justice  to  the  possibilities 
ofthe  com  trv,  he  started  what  is  now  the  Crowley  Sig^^^l'.^  J 
fJll  the  succeeding  20  years  conducted  this  paper  as  a  daily 
duimg   7<^;^^ucceeain,  broadcast  throughout  the  United 

Itatel     I  f  the  1.  K  pa  t  of  1885  he  began  advertising  at  a  dis- 

Sr  When  once  he  succeeded  in  getting  "^f  lli^fnt  tarmers  to    ook 
.  ti!o  nniintrv   their  own  iudsinent  made  sales  easy,  the  gieat- 

ut  off  f'm'st.  Landry  parish,  and  later  the  parish  sea  was  located 
,«,v,orP  the  eitv  of  Crowlev  now  stands.  At  that  time  xneie  wt^ii. 
not  more  than  a  ha  ?-dozen  houses  in  all  of  the  western  portion 
nf  A^.^1^^  mHsl      In  the  autumn  of  1886  the  town  of  Crowley  was 

sSl^i  hf  M^s^s  i^  J^s,;^;;;^^^- ?^iS 

S  ^  a  d  ithe':  ,,pen«es  cmmected  with  maintenance  _o±  the  depo 
foi   a  period  of  6  months,  even  to  the  extent  of  paying  $100  for 
em^o^ary  installation  of  Western  ^-"-telegn-aph  servicj^^  A^^^^^^ 
overcoming  all  these  difficulties,  on  Feb.  12,  1887    at  the  tiist  auc 
?ion  sa  e  of  citv  lots,  with  a  barren,  waste  country  sti-etchng  m 
lU  directions  i^ound  about,  and  local  prejudice  against  improve- 
ments   or    as  it  was  termed,  the  encroachments  of  strangers,  the 
Ses  ^mmin^ed  to  more  than  $30,000.     At  this  time  the  town  con- 
sLted  of  2  iincompleted  buildings,  and  within  a  radius  of  5  miles 
'here  were  8  or  10  families,  none  of  whom  had  done  anything  to- 
ward the  development  of  the  country.    Every  dollar  realized,  above 
S  cost  of  sale^was  used  in  building  roads,  bridges,  advertising 
Ind  other  m<>an;  directed  toward  the  development  of  the  mimedi- 
Ste  sectimi      By  1890  the  railroad's  books  showed  that  Crowley 
was  the  second  Lrgest  shipping  point  between  Lafayette  and  Hous- 
on    Tex     From  the  date  o'f  the  first  sale  Mr.  Duson  concentra  ed 
h°s  efforts  upon  the  development  of  this  immediate  section,  mak- 
h  g  rice  the  principal  product.     He  bought  the  firs    binders  and 
tSeshino  ma?hinerv,  built  the  first  irrigating  canals    assisted  m 
SS&tie  first  ri^e  mills,  and  along  -i^hthe^  budding  o     im- 
mense canals  developed  the  road  system.     So  fast  weie  tne  im 
pi-ovement     and  rapid  the  agricultural  development    that,  regard- 
fess  of  the  efforts  of  the  Southern  Pacific  R.  R.,  it  becanie  impos- 
sible  to   get   outgoing  and  incoming  transportation  sufficient   for 


138  LOUISIANA 

the  section's  immediate  needs.  The  Opelousas,  Gulf  &  Northeast- 
ern R.  R.  was  induced  to  build  a  line  to  Crowley,  which  was  shortly 
followed  by  the  Frisco  system.  While  Mr.  Duson's  principal  ef- 
forts were  directed  toward  building  up  Crowley,  every  possible  aid 
and  assistance  was  given  his  brother,  C.  C.  Duson,  in  promoting 
and  having  built  the  New  Iberia,  Gueydan  &  Eunice  branch  of 
the  Southern  Pacific  R.  R.,  and  the  laying  out  and  building  of  the 
towns  of  Gueydan,  Morse,  Midland,  Egan,  Iota,  Eunice  and  Mam- 
mon. Early  in  1887  there  was  not  a  school  in  the  vicinity  of  Crow- 
ley, but  in  that  year  the  first  school  was  built — donated,  furnished 
and  teachers'  salaries  paid,  by  Mr.  Duson.  In  1889  he  owned  what 
is  now  the  Crowley  house,  and  occupied  it  as  a  residence.  A  high 
class  of  educators  agreed  to  go  to  Crowley  if  they  were  furnished 
proper  facilities  for  teaching,  and  upon  receiving  this  proposition 
Mr.  Duson  moved  out  of  his  residence  and  donated  its  use  for  school 
purposes,  himself  maintaining  the  school  for  3  years,  at  a 
cost  of  $15,000.  This  effort  eventually  resulted  in  the  building  of 
Acadia  college  at  Crowley,  which  was  later  destroyed  by  fire  and 
replaced  by  the  present  up-to-date  and  modern  high  school  build- 
ing. Until  1906  Mr.  Duson  was  actively  engaged  in  the  develop- 
ment of  Crowley,  Acadia  parish  and  Southwest  Louisiana,  but 
since  1906  he  has  conducted  a  local  real  estate  business  and  de- 
voted his  time  to  the  development  of  oil  interests.  In  July,  1901, 
Mr.  Duson  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Crowley  Oil  &  Min- 
eral Co.  of  Crowley,  La.,  and  was  elected  president  and  business 
manager  of  the  company,  of  which  position  he  has  remained  incum- 
bent to  the  present.  The  capital  stock  of  this  corporation,  amount- 
ing to  $200,000,  was  entirely  consumed  in  prospecting  before  oil  was 
found  in  Acadia  parish,  and  when  oil  was  found  in  paying  quantities, 
in  July,  1902,  the  comi^any  had  assiimed  an  additional  debt  of  $25,- 
000.  By  July  1,  1904,  the  company  had  made  its  capital  stock  good 
and  had  paid  its  first  10  per  cent,  dividend.  Since  then  the  company 
has  paid  $1,100,000,  or  about  60  per  cent,  per  year.  No  man  in 
Louisiana  has  done  more  toward  the  development  of  the  natural 
resources  of  the  state  than  has  W.  W.  Duson,  and  too  much  credit 
cannot  be  accorded  him  for  the  large  part  he  has  taken  in  the  in- 
dustrial awakening  and  advancement  of  the  South.  Among  cap- 
tains of  industry  ;Mr.  Duson  is  entitled  to  consideration  and  rank 
as  a  general,  and  that  of  the  Napoleonic  type.  He  has  achieved  pro- 
nounced and  eminent  success  where  all  of  999  men  in  1,000  would 
certainly  have  failed,  wresting  glorious  and  glittering  \'ictory 
from  the  very  teeth  of  ignominious  defeat,  and  this  alone  and  un- 
aided or  encouraged  by  anyone,  guided  solely  by  his  own  unerring 
judgment  and  confidence  in  himself,  and  upheld  and  impelled  on- 
ward by  his  own  indomitable  will  and  determination.  Such  char- 
acters are  the  builders  of  empires.  Jan.  2,  1879,  \V.  W.  Duson  was 
married  to  Miss  Anna  F.  McClelland,  who  died  Sept.  7,  1881,  leav- 
ing 1  daughter,  Mamie,  now  Mrs.  P.  L.  Lawrence,  of  Crowley.  April 
27,  1882,  Mr.  Duson  was  married  to  Miss  Julia  I.  Clark,  who  died 
Jan.  20,  1892.  Feb.  11,  1893,  Mr.  Duson  was  married  to  Miss  Clara 
Thayer,  and  4  children  have  been  born  to  them,  these  being  William 
W.,  Jr.,  Henry  T.,  Maxwell  M.  and  Mildred.    Politically,  Mr.  Duson 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  ^^^ 


CSS.-  K=:-.B;':fs.-;;,;-.i.-.s-iS  s 

wall.    His  father,  Kichara  fjym"j|'- '       no..nwall     His  mother  was 

ing  mill  on  Lord  f  ^-^^^^^^^f,*?  fdreri  of  the  Hawkens  family,  a 
Ann  Hawkens,  one  of  several  ^h  wren  ^^  ^^^^^ 

sister  having  preceded  her  to  ^^^^JJ^^^^  children,  was  reared 
to  Ohio.     John  Dymond,  one  of  3  «^uvmn     cti  ,     ^^.^^  ^.^^ 

in  ZanesviUe,  0.,  having  been  brought  thex^^^^  ^^^^^.  ,^^.^^^^^^ 

his  2  brothers,  one  o^^*^'' /^f^  ° Jf.X^t-chant  in  Cincinnati,  and 
Richard  Dymond,  became  a  P™^"^'J^*  °V^oJ,^^„er  brother,  William 
died  in   1911   in  his   80th  year,     ^he   yo^"^ger  ,^^^    g^^_ 

s  '^^rc^sz's^^^^  ^Se^viL^^rs: 

preacher  and  was  for  .>--«,g^g/-f  j^^^i.f  ..far  a^^^^^^^^^^  buried 
died  in  Cincinnati  April  8,  1888    in^^^^  J^^.^  ^^^^^^^^^  ^^^  ^^^. 

in  ZanesviUe.  John  Dymond  lllpLille  completing  his  course  m 
cated  in  the  public  schools  of  ZanesviUe    compiet    g  .^^ 

1854,   at  the   ZanesviUe   academy,  which  was   a  not^^^^^  _^^ 

those  days.  Later  he  g^'^'!^''^*^^^  J^°'^^^^\  fnd  ^tSod  high  in  all 
nati.  As  a  boy  he  was  an  ^^T^n  Ws  father's Tercai^^^^  busi- 
his  classes.  He  served  ^«/\«\^^l^.  ^^^^ J,.^  irco^^  manufactur- 
ness  for  several  years,  and  m  1858  engaedm  cor  ^^ 

&Tf  wet%?SewToi5  Se?w'ithS?ent\etters  Sf  intro 

^^^i;^^rmTri?rSS^^^^ 

- -V?  C^H^%^^5±aris-: 

sugar  and  coffee  broker  ot  tno&e  aayb.    '-^\'"  „^        ,  ^^t. 

„;«>^  r^f  tV,P  Federal  eovernment  April  15,  Ibbi,  ana  some  di 

Ihis  was  done  under  the  same  &- "^-^^^VSy  thT  Iimx  in  LoiS- 


140  LOUISIANA 

the  planting  business  which  then,  as  now,  demanded  intense  study- 
ing and  untiring  effort,  Mr.  Dymond  gradually  withdrew  from 
active  business  in  New  Orleans.  In  1870  the  firm  name  was  changed 
to  Dymond  &  Edwards,  and  this  continued  until  1875,  the  firm  doing 
a  large  business  in  New  York  and  New  Orleans  in  coffee  and  sugai-s. 
In  1875  the  firm  became  Dymond  &  Gardes,  continuing  the  same 
business,  and  in  1877  the  New  York  business  was  discontinued.  All 
this  while  the  planting  business  was  demanding  increasing  atten- 
tion. Mr.  Dymond  secured  the  signature  of  Duncan  P.  Kenner, 
John  Burnside,  S.  H.  Kemiedy,  Thomas  D.  Miller  and  several 
other  prominent  sugar  planters,  calling  the  planters  to  effect  an 
organization.  This  was  done  in  the  autumn  of  1877.  That  organ- 
ization, the  Louisiana  Sugar  Planters'  association,  revolutionized 
the  sugar  industry  of  Louisiana  and,  in  fact,  of  the  entire  cane 
sugar  world.  Mr.  Dymond  builded  better  than  he  knew  when 
the  association  was  launched.  In  1880  the  firm  of  Dymond  & 
Gardes  was  dissolved  and  Mr.  Dymond  discontinued  his  active 
city  business  and  finally  devoted  himself  entirely  to  his  planting 
interests.  Of  a  mechanical  turn  of  mind,  he  was  quick  to  grasp 
new  ideas  in  labor-saving  devices  and  to  aid  in  their  development. 
Conspicuous  among  these  were  the  Mallon  stubble  digger  and  other 
machines,  the  use  of  the  McDonald  hydraulics  and  of  double  and 
triple  milling.  He  patented  a  sulphur  machine  now  in  use  every- 
where in  the  cane  sugar  world,  the  shelf  'or  cascade  machine.  He 
was  the  first  to  weigh  .sugar  cane  and  to  purchase  sugar  by  weight 
in  Louisiana.  The  redivivus  of  multiple  effect  evaporation  was 
promoted  by  him.  The  so-called  dry-vacuum  in  vacuum  boiling 
was  introduced  on  the  sugar  plantations  by  him.  The  experiments 
in  diffusion  were  encouraged  by  him  and  he  and  Hon.  Henry  Mc- 
Call  were  placed  in  charge  of  the  experiments  making  at  Gov.  War- 
moth's  Magnolia  plantation  by  Norman  J.  Colman,  then  commis- 
sioner of  agriculture  of  the  United  States.  When  the  Louisiana 
Sugar  Planters'  association  was  organized  in  1S77,  Mr.  Dymond 
refused  to  accept  the  presidency,  preferring  Mr.  Kenner  as  tho 
more  influential  man  and  capable  of  doing  more  good  for  the 
cause.  When  Mr.  Kenner  died  in  1887,  Mr.  Dymond  was  made 
president  and  served  until  March,  1896,  when  he  refused  to  con- 
tinue, believing,  as  he  did,  that  some  other  man  Mould  mider  all 
the  circumstances  be  the  better  man  for  the  position,  and  he  aided 
in  securing  Judge  Emile  Host  to  accept  the  presidency.  The  Louis- 
iana Sugar  Planters'  association  agitated  for  some  time  better 
methods  of  selling  sugars,  and  in  1884  the  Louisiana  Sugar  ex- 
change was  organized  and  it  has  been  in  active  operation  ever 
since.  Hon.  Edward  J.  Gay  was  made  its  first  president  and  Mr. 
Dymond  and  William  Agar  vice-presidents.  In  1885,  the  year  of 
our  Cotton  Centennial  exposition,  Dr.  William  Carter  Stubbs,  then 
state  chemist  of  Alabama,  and  professor  of  agriculture  in  the  uni- 
versity of  that  state,  visited  New  Orleans  and  the  exposition.  On 
the  suggestion  of  Mr.  D.  D.  Colcoek,  secretary  of  the  Louisiana 
Sugar  exchange,  and  with  the  approval  of  Mr.  Kenner,  the  pres- 
ident, Mr.  Dymond  invited  Dr.  Stulibs  to  again  visit  New  Orleans 
and  to  deliver  an  address  to  the  Louisiana  Sugar  Planters'  asso- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  141 

elation,  in  which  he  would  urge  ujion  the  sugar  planters  of  Louis- 
iana the  expediency  of  research  work  in  the  agriculture  and  manu- 
facture of  sugar.  Dr.  Stubbs  accepted  the  invitation,  and  in  due 
course  the  present  sugar  experiment  station,  now  at  Audubon 
Park,  was  created,  its  corporate  name  being  the  Louisiana  Scien- 
tific Agricultural  association,  and  Mr.  Dymond  was  made  its  first 
president  and  is  such  now,  the  work  of  the  station,  however,  hav- 
ing passed  under  state  control  in  conjunction  with  Federal  con- 
trol. Mr.  Dymond  secured  sul)scriptions  to  the  extent  of  $60,000 
to  guarantee  and  to  pay  for  the  expenses  of  the  association  during 
the  first  5  years  of  its  existence.  The  Louisiana  Sugar  Planters' 
association  as  an  industrial  student  body  in  scientific  research 
work  and  utilizing  the  best  talent  in  the  country,  developed  the 
need  of  a  technical  journal  devoted  to  the  sugar  industry.  A  meet- 
ing was  held  at  the  St.  Charles  hotel,  in  1888,  into  which  many  of 
the  sugar  planters  were  called.  The  scheme  was  launched  under 
the  title  of  "The  Louisiana  Planter  and  Sugar  Mamxfacturer  Co.," 
to  carry  on  the  publication,  and  Mr.  Dymond  was  chosen  editor  and 
elected  general  manager  and  president  of  the  corporation.  He 
devoted  himself  to  the  work  earnestly  for  many  years  without 
money  compensation,  the  motive  of  the  organization  being  not  to 
make  a  profit,  but  to  save  the  sugar  industry  from  many  prevent- 
able losses.  This  was  done  and  the  new  venture  marked  an  epoch 
in  the  histoi'y  of  the  Louisiana  sugar  industry.  The  Louisiana 
Planter  now  circulates  throughout  the  entire  world  wherever  sugar 
is  macle  from  cane  or  beet.  The  burning  of  Mr.  Dymond 's  Belair 
sugar  house  in  1907  with  scarcely  any  insurance  on  it,  and  a  loss 
of  over  $100^000  resulting,  put  him  out  of  the  manufacturing  side 
of  the  sugar  industry.  He  sold  2  of  his  large  plantations,  Monsecour 
and  Fairview,  retaining  Belair  and  Fanny  plantations,  whereon 
he  persists  in  his  favorite  cane  culture,  but  is  gradually  taking  up 
other  industries.  In  New  Orleans,  where  he  resides  much  of  the 
time,  he  devoted  himself  to  his  editorial  and  printing  house  work, 
which  has  assumed  considerable  proportions.  While  Mr.  Dymond 
came  to  Louisiana  in  1866  and  estalilishea  a  branch  business  house 
here  under  the  same  style  of  his  New  York  house  of  Dymond  & 
Lally,  he  retained  his  citizenship  in  New  York,  where  in  a  mild  way 
he  was  one  of  the  Democratic  regulars.  In  1877  he  removed 
entirely  to  New  Orleans,  domiciling  himself  at  Belair  in  the  parish 
of  Plaquemines,  where  his  large  plantation  business  lay,  and  still 
maintaining  his  city  business  and  a  city  residence.  This  led  him 
into  active  political  life,  more  particularly  in  connection  with 
the  sugar  industry,  which  seemed  to  be  continually  under  fire  in 
the  halls  of  Congress.  He  co-opei-ated  with  the  Hon.  Duncan  F. 
Kenner  while  the  latter  was  pi-esident  of  the  Louisiana  Sugar 
Planters'  association.  Through  the  co-ooperatiou  of  United  States 
Marshal  Pitkin  of  Louisiana  and  of  Senator  William  Pitt  Kellogg 
in  Washington  Mr.  Dymond  secured  the  appointment  of  Mr.  Ken- 
ner as  a  member  of  the  famous  tariff  commission  of  1882,  whose 
tariff  bill  was  finally  adopted  March  1,  1883.  Mr.  Kenner 's  Louis- 
iana friends  recognized  his  i^eculiar  fitness  for  the  position  and 
Pres.  Arthur  made  the  appointment.     With  the  death  of  Mr.  Ken- 


142  LOUISIANA 

ner  in  1887  Mr.  Dymond  became  the  political  leader  of  the  sugar 
planters  for  some  years.  He  was  elected  a  delegate  to  the  national 
Democratic  convention  in  St.  Louis  in  1888,  when  Grover  Cleveland 
was  nominated  the  second  time.  Mr.  Dymond  was  a  member  of  the 
platform  committee  and  made  a  hard  fight  to  hold  down  ultra 
free  trade  ideas,  Mr.  Dymond  being  a  protectionist  Democrat.  The 
continued  attacks  on  the  sugar  industry  every  year  in  Washing- 
ton finally  led  to  the  enactment  of  the  Wilson  bill  of  1894,  which 
became  a  law  Aug.  28.  That  led  to  the  meeting  of  the  sugar  plant- 
ers at  the  Hotel  Royal  Sept.,  1894,  when  the  Lily  White  move- 
ment was  inaugurated,  the  sugar  planters  voting  to  go  into  a 
White  Republican  party  with  no  dissenting  vote  but  that  of  Mr. 
Dymond,  who  claimed  that  he  was  an  old-fashioned  Democrat  and 
could  not  change.  Owing  to  some  ill  feeling  then  engendered,  Mr. 
Dymond  afterward  refused  reelection  as  president  of  the  Sugar 
Planters'  association,  but  always  co-operated  with  it  most  earnestly. 
He  remained  president  of  the  Louisiana  Scientific  Agricultural  asso- 
ciation (the  experiment  station  corporation)  and  of  the  Louisiana 
State  Agricultural  society,  later  declining  reelection  to  that  posi- 
tion. In  1888,  when  Francis  T.  Nicholls  was  elected  governor,  Mr. 
Dymond  was  made  president  of  the  police  jury  in  Plaquemines 
parish.  In  1892  he  was  elected  as  state  representative  of  Plaque- 
mines parish,  which  had  been  under  negro  control  since  the  Civil 
war,  being  then  under  the  control  of  colored  men  and  a  black  man 
representing  the  parish  in  the  legislature.  Mr.  Dymond  under- 
took the  rectification  of  all  this  and  finally  succeeded  in  establish- 
ing his  own  election  and  the  colored  man  was  dropped  out.  Plaque- 
mines parish  in  1896  still  had  a  colored  sheriff  and  a  colored  clerk 
of  the  court  and  Mr.  Dymond  determined  to  unload  them.  They 
had  been  maintained  in  position  by  skillful  white  men.  Threats 
were  made  of  armed  opposition,  or  of  the  capture  of  ballot  boxes, 
etc.,  hence  an  adequate  supply  of  AVinchester  rifles  was  secured, 
tub  boats  for  transports  and  more  than  100  armed  men  were  con- 
centrated in  Pointe  a  la  Hache.  The  votes  were  counted  decently 
and  properly  and  Frank  C.  Meyers  was  found  to  be  elected  sheriff 
and  Mr.  Dymond  as  representati'^e,  and  the  white  men  of  Plaque- 
mines parish  had  come  into  their  own  for  the  first  time  in  a  genera- 
tion. Mr.  Dymond  was  elected  by  the  votes  of  Plaquemines  par- 
ish to  represent  them  in  the  constitutional  convention  of  1898,  and 
he  was  made  chairman  of  the  committee  on  agriculture.  In  the 
state  Democratic  convention  in  1889  Mr.  Dymond  was  nominated 
for  governor  of  the  state  by  the  parishes  of  St.  Bernard  and 
Plaquemines.  Mr.  R.  H.  Snyder  of  Tensas  was  also  nominated,  but 
on  the  announcement  of  the  candidacy  of  W.  W.  Heard  of  Union 
parish  Messrs.  Dymond  and  Snyder  withdrew  and  W.  W.  Heard 
was  unanimously  chosen  the  candidate  of  the  party.  In  1900  Mr. 
Dymond  was  elected  state  senator  from  the  Fourth  district,  com- 
prised of  Plaquemines  and  St.  Bernard  parishes  and  the  8th  and 
9th  wards  of  New  Orleans,  and  was  reelected  in  1904.  He  failed  of 
election  in  1908,  was  again  elected  in  1912  and  is  now  serving.  In 
1890  Mr.  Dymond  became  seriously  interested  in  the  anti-lottery 
movement  and  was  the  business  manager  of  the  party's  organ,  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  143 

"New  Delta."  He  carried  his  parish  against  the  lottery  and  as 
president  of  its  police  jury  declined  the  proffered  gift  of  $3,000 
of  lottery  money  for  the  maintenance  of  the  public  levees  during 
the  high  water  season  of  1891,  and  was  active  in  the  whole  cam- 
paign that  made  Murphy  J.  Poster  governor  and  our  present  chief 
justice  of  the  United  States  supreme  court,  E.  D.  White,  United 
States  senator  from  Louisiana.  Mr.  Dymond  was  reared  a  Demo- 
crat of  the  old  school  and  always  adhered  to  the  state  rights  doc- 
trine and  home  rule  for  the  white  race.  These  qualifications  in- 
cluded a  strict  construction  of  the  national  constitution  and  local 
control  of  the  smallest  political  division  of  the  state.  He  has 
been  a  member  of  the  Unitarian  church  since  boyhood.  He  became 
a  Mason  in  1857  and  has  attained  to  the  degree  of  royal  and  select 
master  in  the  York  rite.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Boston  and  Round 
Table  clubs  of  New  Orleans,  was  formerly  a  member  of  the  New 
York  chamber  of  commerce  and  of  the  New  Yoi-k  Historical  so- 
ciety, and  is  now  and  has  been  since  its  revival  after  the  Civil 
war,  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  Historical  society.  In  1862  Mr. 
Dymond  married  Nancy  Elizabeth  Cassidy  in  Zanesville,  0.  She 
was  the  daughter  of  Hon.  Asa  R.  Cassidy,  a  Virginian,  and  one  of 
the  early  settlers  in  Ohio,  a  representative  in  the  state  legislature 
and  for  many  years  mayor  of  Zanesville.  Mrs.  Cassidy  was  Miss 
Nancy  Senter  of  Boscawen,  N.  H.,  who  as  a  child  walked  by  the 
side  of  her  parents'  emigrant  wagon  all  the  way  from  New  Hamp- 
shire to  Central  Ohio.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dymond  are  the  parents  of 
6  children,  all  boi-n  in  New  York  City  except  the  youngest,  Rich- 
ard. Frederick  Dymond,  a  Tulane  medical  student,  died  in  1894. 
Three  sons  and  2  daughters  are  now  living,  viz. :  John,  Jr.,  William, 
Richard,  Helen,  now  Mrs.  Benedict,  and  Florence. 

Eastham,  John  Henry,  mayor  of  Shreveport,  La.,  vice-president 
of  the  well-known  wholesale  hardware  firm  of  Eastham  Co.,  Ltd.,  was 
born  Sept.  23,  1861,  in  De  Soto  parish.  La. ;  the  son  of  J.  H.  and 
E.  P.  (Pegues)  Eastham.  His  father,  a  native  of  Virginia,  tiiiner 
by  occupation,  came  to  Louisiana  about  the  year  1850,  worked 
in  various  localities  in  that  state  and  in  Texas,  and  died  at  the  age 
of  76  years.  Mrs.  Eastham  was  born  in  South  Carolina.  She  moved 
to  Louisiana  during  her  girlhood  and  is  still  living,  in  her  78th 
year.  John  Henry  Eastham  is  the  3rd  child  and  2nd  son  of  the 
family,  which  consisted  of  8  sons  and  5  davighters.  He  attended 
the  public  schools  of  Hayes  county,  Tex.,  from  his  12th  to  his 
22nd  year,  when  he  moved  to  Beaumont,  Tex.,  and  for  3  years 
was  in  partnership  with  his  father  in  the  tinware  and  hard- 
ware business.  From  Beaumont  Mr.  Eastham  went  to  Lake  Charles, 
La.,  to  conduct  a  tin  shop  in  association  with  one  of  his  brothers. 
They  were  together  1  year,  at  the  expiration  of  which  he  ac- 
cepted a  position  with  the  Murry,  Brooks  Hardware  Co.  After  a 
residence  of  8  years  in  Lake  Charles,  Mr.  Eastham  took  up  his 
domicile  with  the  people  of  Shreveport  and  established  the  hard- 
ware firm  of  Vandenbumer  &  Eastham,  which  was  absorbed  in 
1907  by  the  Eastham  Co.,  Limited.  Mr.  Eastham  enjoys  the  dis- 
tinction of  being  the  first  mayor  elected  in  the  city  of  Shreveport 
under  the  commission  form  of  government,  and  Shreveport  was 


144  LOUISIANA 

the  leader  among  the  municipal  bodies  of  the  state  of  Louisiana  to 
inaugurate  that  system  of  conducting  public  affairs.  Elevated  to 
the  mayoralty  by  a  large  majority  in  1910,  Mr.  Eastham  is  now 
sei-ving  his  4th  year.  He  is  noted  for  the  active  interest  he  takes 
in  public  affairs,  and  it  was  through  his  efforts  that  Shreveport 
adopted  the  commission  form  of  administration.  In  secret,  frater- 
nal and  social  bodies  Mr.  Eastham  is  looked  upon  as  a  prominent 
member.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Masons,  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
the  Travelers'  Protective  association,  the  Elks  lodge  No.  122  of 
Shreveport,  honorary  member  of  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  a 
liberal  contributor  to  the  work  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  asso- 
ciation and  member  of  the  Golf  and  Country  club,  also  of  the 
Shreveport  Athletic  association.  Married,  in  1886,  Miss  Nellie 
Mayo,  daughter  of  Thad.  Mayo,  a  distinguished  citizen  of  Lake 
Charles.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Eastham  had  4  children,  3  of  whom  are 
dead,  but  they  are  concentrating  all  their  parental  affection  on 
the  sole  remaining  child,  William  Merry  Eastham,  aged  15  years. 
Edrington,  Prentice  Ellis.,  Jr.,  well-known  New  Orleans  attorney, 
was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  March  3,  1889 ;  son  of  P.  E.  and 
Marguerite  (Kuntz)  Edrington,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in 
St.  John-the-Baptist  parish,  La.,  Nov.  29,  1858 ;  son  of  Morris  and 
Marie  Louise  (De  Marcy)  Edrington,  the  former  of  whom  was  like- 
wise born  in  St.  John-the-Baptist  parish,  and  a  son  of  Benjamin 
Franklin  Edrington,  born  in  Kentucky,  a  pioneer  in  Louisiana,  and 
the  only  representative  of  the  Edrington  family  in  the  state  at 
that  early  time.  The  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Nicholas  Kuntz 
and  of  French  ancestry.  Prentice  E.  Edrington,  Sr.,  has  been  a  prac- 
ticing attorney  in  Louisiana  since  his  graduation  from  Tulane  uni- 
versity. In  1892  he  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Nicholls  as  district  at- 
torney of  the  judicial  district  composed  of  Jefferson,  St.  Chai'les 
and  St.  John-the-Baptist  parishes,  and  following  this  appointment 
removed  from  New  Orleans  to  Reserve,  where  the  family  has  since 
resided.  In  1906  he  was  elected  district  judge  to  fill  the  unex- 
pired term  of  Judge  Jerome  Gaudet  of  the  28th  judicial  District 
court,  and  has  since  continued  as  incumbent  of  that  office,  having 
been  reelected  in  Sept.,  1912,  for  another  term  of  4  years.  Judge 
Edrington  was  the  presiding  jurist  in  the  celebrated  kidnaping 
case  involving  the  Lamana  child  in  1907.  Prentice  Ellis  Edrington, 
Jr.,  is  the  eldest  of  7  children  born  to  his  parents.  His  boyhood 
days  were  passed  at  Reserve,  in  St.  John-the-Baptist  parish.  In 
the  course  of  his  education  he  attended  the  Jesuit  Brothers'  col- 
lege, at  New  Orleans,  and  later  Chenet  Institute.  Following  this 
he  received  appointment  to  the  United  States  Naval  academy  at 
Annapolis,  Md.,  where  he  matriculated  and  spent  1  year  in  prep- 
aration for  the  life  of  a  naval  officer,  but  then  returned  to  New 
Orleans  and  entered  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university.  After 
2  years'  study,  in  Feb.,  1911,  he  passed  examination  and  on  March 
10  of  the  same  year  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  since  which  time  he 
has  been  engaged  in  practice  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans.  Jiine  10, 
1911,  Mr.  Edrington  was  married  to  Miss  Gladys  M.  Stewart,  a 
daughter  of  Hunter  and  Armide  (White)  Stewart  of  New  Or- 
leans.    One  child,  Ethelyn  Gladys,  has  been  born  to  their  union. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  145 

Mr.  Edrington  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party,  a  member 
of  the  Catholic  church  and  a  member  of  the  national  fraternity  of 
Beta  Theta  Pi. 

Edwards,  Judge  Wakeman  W.,  successful  and  well-known  at- 
torney, Abbeville,  Vermilion  parish.  La.,  was  born  at  Charlton, 
Saratoga  county,  N.  Y.,  Sept.  13,  1826 ;  son  of  Henry  and  Elizabeth 
(Rogers)  Edwards,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  farmer  in  Saratoga 
county,  N.  Y.,  where  he  and  his  wife  passed  the  greater  part  of 
their  lives,  with  the  exception  of  a  shoi't  stay  in  the  state  of 
Indiana.  The  paternal  grandfather  and  great-grandfather  were 
farmers,  respectively,  of  Schenectady  and  Suffolk  counties,  N.  Y., 
while  the  paternal  great-great-grandfather  was  a  seafaring  man. 
Wakeman  W.  Edwards,  the  son,  attended  the  public  schools  of 
Charlton,  later  high  school  and  Schenectady  lyceum,  from  which 
latter  he  graduated.  In  1847  he  entered  Union  college,  at  Schenec- 
tady, N.  Y.,  graduating  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  the  class  of 
1850.  He  then  went  to  Indiana  and  there  studied  law  during 
several  months  in.  the  office  of  L.  &  R.  H.  Rousseau,  at  Bloom- 
field.  L.  H.  Rousseau  later  was  a  Federal  officer  at  New  Orleans 
during  the  Civil  war.  In  the  autumn  of  the  year  1851  Wakeman  W. 
Edwards  came  south  and  located  at  Camden,  Miss.,  where  he  taught 
during  several  years  as  principal  of  Camden  academy.  During 
these  years  he  applied  his  spare  moments  to  the  study  of  law.  In 
1855,  during  an  epidemic  of  yellow  fever,  he,  with  others,  went 
to  Sulphur  Springs,  near  Canton,  Miss.,  in  an  eiifort  to  escape  the 
fever.  Among  the  refugees  on  this  occasion  was  a  justice  of  the 
supreme  court  of  Mississippi,  Alex.  H.  Handy,  who  while  at  Sul- 
phur Springs,  examined  Wakeman  W.  Edwards  in  law,  and  shortly 
afterward,  at  Canton,  Miss.,  in  October,  1855,  he  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  and  licensed  to  practice  in  the  courts  of  Mississippi. 
In  the  following  winter  he  removed  to  Springfield,  Conway  county. 
Ark.,  and  there  began  the  practice  of  law,  with  the  intention  of 
eventually  taking  up  practice  at  Little  Rock.  He  remained  here 
until  1858,  being  in  the  meantime  elected  a  member  of  the  Ar- 
kansas legislature  in  1857.  In  1859  he  '■emoved  to  Chicot  county, 
Ark.,  and  there  entered  practice  with  Judge  William  H.  Sutton, 
under  the  firm  name  of  Sutton  &  Edwards.  Shortly  following 
this  move  the  Civil  war  began,  and  all  business  calculations  were, 
of  course,  entirely  upset.  About  18  months  previous  to  the  close 
of  the  war  Wakeman  W.  Edwards  was  conscripted  into  the  Con- 
federate army,  the  company  of  which  he  became  a  member  form- 
ing a  part  of  Bell's  regiment,  Hawthorne's  brigade,  in  which  con- 
nection he  served  until  the  close  of  the  war.  Immediately  after 
the  surrender  he  went  to  New  Orleans,  on  account  of  the  condi- 
tion of  general  devastation  then  prevailing  in  Arkansas.  He  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  Louisiana,  and  until  3875  practiced  law  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans.  In  the  latter  year  he  removed  to  Abbe- 
ville, Vermilion  parish,  where  he  has  since  resided.  During  Gov. 
Nicholls'  administration,  when  the  "Regulators"  were  commit- 
ting many  depredations,  it  is  said  that  the  judge  then  occupying  the 
bench  at  Lafayette,  25th  district,  refused  to  sentence  these  wrong- 
doers and  resigned.  Attorney  Edwards  being  appointed  to  serve 
III— 10 


146  LOUISIANA 

the  unexpired  term  as  judge  of  the  court,  which  he  did,  but  was  not 
a  candidate  for  the  office  after  the  expiration  of  the  term  for  which 
he  was  appointed.  He  resumed  the  practice  of  law  and  remained 
in  practice  iintil  1905,  when  he  was  obliged  to  retire  on  account 
of  defective  heai-ing.  In  1857  Judge  Edwards  was  married,  at 
Sulphur  Springs,  Miss.,  Madison  county,  to  Miss  Martha  H.  Hol- 
lingsworth,  a  daughter  of  Jeptha  T.  Hollingsworth.  To  this  union 
3  children  were  born,  these  being  at  this  time  as  follows:  Dr.  Clar- 
ence J.  Edwards,  practicing  physician  and  editor  of  "Meridianal," 
at  Abbeville,  one  of  the  oldest  newspapers  published  in  Southwest 
Louisiana,  also  a  former  state  senator  and  now  a  member  of  the 
state  leper  board;  Elizabeth,  wife  of  George  B.  Petty,  formerly 
of  Abbeville  but  now  a  Chicago  photographer  and  art  dealer; 
Judge  William  Pierpont  Edwards,  born  at  New  Orleans,  and  who, 
in  1904,  was  elected  district  judge  at  Abbeville,  twice  since  re- 
elected to  succeed  himself,  and  whose  present  term  will  expire  in 
1916.  Judge  Edwards  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  pai-ty.  Dr. 
Clarence  J.  Edwards  is  elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work.  Mrs. 
Wakeman  W.  Edwards  died  in  1908. 

Edwards,  Dr.  Clarence  J.,  M.  D.,  successful  and  well-known  phy- 
sician, cx-state  senator,  long  a  member  of  the  state  leper  board, 
residence  Abbeville,  Vermilion  parish,  La.,  was  born  at  Spring- 
field, Ark.,  Oct.  3,  1858;  son  of  Judge  Wakeman  W.  and  Martha 
(Hollingsworth)  Edwards,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of 
Charlton,  Saratoga  county,  N.  Y.,  and  the  latter  of  Sulphur  Springs, 
Madison  county,  Miss.  A  detailed  sketch  of  the  parents  appears 
elsewhere  in  this  work,  for  which  the  reader  should  refer  to  ar- 
ticle: "Edwards,  Judge  Wakeman  W. "  Clarence  J.  Edwards,  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  came  to  New  Orleans  with  his  parents  in 
the  year  1865,  just  after  the  close  of  the  Civil  war,  and  the  son 
attended  the  public  schools  of  New  Orleans,  including  the  boys' 
high  school.  In  1875  the  family  removed  to  Abbeville,  Vermilion 
parish,  and  there  Clarence  J.  became  a  teacher  in  the  public  schools 
of  Vermilion  parish,  and  so  continued  until  1881,  when  he  entered 
the  medical  department  of  the  University  of  Louisville  (Ky.),  from 
which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the  class  of  1883. 
Following  the  completion  of  his  professional  education,  Dr.  Ed- 
wards began  medical  practice  in  Chicot  county.  Ark.  After  1 
year  in  this  location  he  removed  to  New  Iberia,  and  again,  after 
1  year  in  practice  there,  in  1885,  returned  to  Abbeville,  where 
he  has  since  been  continuously  engaged  in  practice.  In  1887  Dr. 
Edwards  was  married  to  Miss  Kate  Young,  and  6  children  have 
been  born  to  their  union,  namely :  Harold  C.,  a  practicing  physi- 
cian of  Abbeville;  Mark  H.,  Mathilde,  Floyd,  Wakeman  W.  and 
Henry.  Dr.  Edwards  has  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party 
since  beginning  the  exercise  of  the  elective  franchise,  and  has 
served  the  people  of  the  locality  in  which  the  activities  of  his  life 
have  been  cast  in  various  official  capacities.  His  first  official  posi- 
tion was  that  of  a  member  of  the  city  council  of  Abbeville,  follow- 
ing which  he  was  elected  parish  coroner,  and  has  at  various  times 
since  filled  that  office.  In  1894  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
Louisiana  state  senate  from  the  11th  senatorial  district,  and  served 


BIOGRAPHICAL  147 

the  following  4-year  term  in  the  state  senate.  In  1898  he  was 
again  elected  coroner,  and  has  been  repeatedly  reelected  to  that 
office  until  1912.  During  nearly  20  years  past  the  Doctor  has 
filled  the  position  of  chairman  of  the  parish  Democratic  executive 
committee.  While  in  the  state  senate  he  was  instrumental  in  hav- 
ing a  measure  enacted  providing  that  the  state  should  assume 
charge  of  the  lepers  within  its  borders  and  establish  a  home  for 
them.  The  bill  became  a  law,  and  the  home  was  established  at  its 
present  location,  near  White  Castle,  La.  Upon  its  organization 
Dr.  Edwards  was  appointed  a  member  of  the  board  of  control  of 
the  leper  home,  and  has  served  continuously  on  this  board  during 
nearly  18  years  past,  until  1912.  The  Doctor  also  has  served  as 
president  of  the  parish  school  board  during  1  year.  Dr.  Edwards 
yet  maintains  his  active  interest  and  part  in  political  and  public 
affairs  and  wields  a  distinct  influence  among  the  people  who  have 
cooperated  with  him  throughout  so  many  useful  and  gratifyingly 
fruitful  years.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Free  and  Accepted  Masons, 
Independent  Order  Odd  Fellows,  Knights  of  Pythias,  Knights  of 
Honor,  Knights  of  the  Maccabees,  and  Woodmen  of  the  World. 
Also,  he  is  a  member  of  the  Vermilion  Parish  Medical  and  Louisiana 
State  Medical  society,  and  the  American  Medical  association.  He 
served  as  chairman  of  the  house  of  delegates  in  the  state  society 
during  2  years,  and  also  has  served  as  president  of  the  Parish  Medi- 
cal society.  In  1883  he  became  identified  with  the  Meridianal,  one 
of  the  oldest  newspapers  published  in  southwest  Louisiana,  and 
since  that  time  has  remained  connected  with  the  paper,  being  sole 
owner  of  it  since  1900.  This  publication  has  never  been  otherwise 
than  strictly  Democratic  in  politics.  Dr.  Edwards  is  at  this  time 
the  oldest  physician,  and  has  been  longer  engaged  in  the  practice 
of  medicine  than  any  other  doctor  within  Vermilion  parish.  He  is 
also  an  enthusiastic  amateur  horticulturist  and  enjoys  the  distinc- 
tion of  owning  the  largest  grove  of  giant  bamboos  east  of  the  Rocky 
mountains,  besides  other  rare  trees  and  fruits. 

Edwards,  Thomas  Arthur,  Jr.,  district  attorney  15th  judicial 
district.  Lake  CHiarles,  La.,  was  born  at  Platonia,  Fayette  county, 
Tex.,  Jan.  18,  1876,  son  of  Thomas  Arthur  artd  Sarah  (Brooks) 
Edwards,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  the  state  of  Kentucky 
and  the  latter  at  Nashville,  Tenn.  The  father,  when  a  boy,  went 
to  Texas  with  his  widowed  mother,  in  1850.  His  mother  purchased 
a  ranch  in  the  latter  state  and  there  reared  her  family.  It  so  hap- 
pened that  Sarah  Brooks  went  to  Texas  with  her  parents  in  the 
same  year  as  did  the  father  with  his  mother.  Thomas  Arthur  Ed- 
wards, Sr.,  began  life  on  his  own  account  at  an  early  age.  When 
the  Civil  war  began,  he  was  16  years  of  age.  He  immediately 
enlisted  and  served  until  the  close  of  the  war.  At  successive 
periods  he  was  attached  to  the  commands  of  Quantrell,  Gen.  Price, 
and  Capt.  Ben  McCullough,  and  participated  in  the  last  battle  of 
the  war,  at  Brownsville,  Tex.,  under  Capt.  Rabb.  After  the  sur- 
render he  engaged  in  the  stock  business  in  western  Texas.  He  was 
the  first  marshal  of  the  town  of  Flatonia,  and  while  occupying  that 
office — about  the  year  1875 — was  appointed  deputy  sheriff  of  Fay- 
ette county,  and  from  that  time  until  1903  he  served  continuously 


148  LOUISIANA 

in  that  capacity,  under  succeeding  chiefs,  making  a  record  of  about 
28  years  in  the  one  office.  He  then  moved  to  Bee  county,  Tex., 
where  he  owns  a  ranch  and  now  resides.  During  his  service 
throughout  the  Civil  war  he  was  wounded  only  once,  but  as  a 
deputy  sheriff,  in  dealing  with  the  desperate  characters  of  his 
section  and  time,  he  received  many  wounds.  Thomas  Arthur  Ed- 
wards, Jr.,  was  the  first  of  7  boys  born  to  his  parents,  5  of  whom  are 
living  at  this  time.  He  received  his  earlier  education  in  a  private 
school  taught  by  an  aunt,  after  which  he  attended  a  graded  school, 
at  various  times,  at  Flatonia.  When  he  had  attained  his  eighth 
year  he  became  a  cowboy,  and  from  that  time  assisted  his  father 
and  others  in  herding  cattle,  attending  school  at  intei'vals  until 
reaching  his  fifteenth  year.  In  1891  he  entered  the  Temple  &  Ham- 
ilton Business  college,  at  San  Antonio,  to  take  the  stenographic 
course,  and  so  well  adapted  to  the  work  was  he  that  he  had  com- 
pleted the  course  within  2  months.  He  then  accepted  a  position 
as  .stenographer  for  the  law  firm  of  Phelps  &  Willrich,  Lagrange, 
Tex.,  and  although  it  was  17  years  later  that  he  was  admitted  to  the 
bar,  he  here  began  the  study  of  law,  pursuing  his  studies  intermit- 
ently  as  circumstances  afforded  opportunity.  He  remained  in  this 
first  stenographic  position  1  year,  following  which  he  visited  Colo- 
rado, Wyoming,  Montana,  Nevada,  California,  Arizona  and  New 
Mexico,  working  on  ranches  and  following  the  occupation  of  a 
cowboy.  After  passing  2  years  in  this  way,  he  went  to  San  Fran- 
cisco and  there  again  engaged  in  stenographic  work  with  the  law 
firm  of  McKnight  &  Coffer.  Later  he  visited  his  uncle's  ranch  in 
the  San  Joachim  valley,  and  afterward  put  in  some  time  as  an 
employee  of  the  Macy  Bros,  ranch,  from  which  place  he  returned 
to  Texas  by  way  of  New  Mexico,  and  at  Flatonia  began  buying  and 
shipping  cattle  to  Northern  points  for  his  father.  May  18,  1895, 
Mr.  Edwards  was  married  to  Miss  Minnie  McKinney,  of  Lagrange, 
Tex.,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  R.  A.  McKinney,  who  has  practiced  medi- 
cine in  that  locality  during  many  years.  Following  his  marriage 
Mr.  Edwards  took  a  position  as  stenographer  for  the  law  firm  of 
R.  F.  Blair,  at  San  Antonio,  and  later  was  connected  with  other 
firms  of  that  city  in  a  similar  capacity.  In  1896  he  went  to  the 
city  of  Porfirio  Diaz,  Mexico,  as  stenographer  for  C.  K.  Dunlap, 
general  passenger  agent  of  the  Mexican  Central  R.  R.  Later  ho 
returned  to  San  Antonio,  and  was  there  employed  in  the  general 
office  of  the  San  i^ntonio  &  Arkansas  Pass  R,  R.,  until  the  early 
part  of  1897,  when  he  became  connected  with  the  maintenance  of 
way  department,  remaining  in  that  connection  until  the  beginning 
of  the  SpanivSh-American  war,  when  he  joined  Lane's  rangers, 
which  later  became  Troop  H,  1st  Texas  U.  S.  Volunteer  cavalry, 
under  Col.  Luther  R.  Hare.  The  command  was  mobilized  at  Camp 
Mabry,  Austin,  Tex.,  and  from  there  sent  to  Fort  Sam  Houston  and 
the  Mexican  border,  at  which  place  Mr.  Edwards  was  transferred 
to  Troop  I  of  the  same  command.  He  was  detailed  as  clerk  to  the 
colonel  of  the  regiment  and  later  made  official  reporter  for  court 
martials.  While  so  connected  he  personally  captured  Wellington 
C.  Lewellin,  who  had  shot  a  lieutenant,  and  for  this  service  was 
highly  commended  in  a  general  order  issued  by  the  colonel.    After- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  149 

ward  he  was  placed  on  detached  dixty  and  employed  in  searching 
out  deserters.    Later  he  was  honorably  discharged  in  order  that  he 
might  accept  the  position  of  secretary  to  the  chief  musternig  officer 
n  connection  with  the  work  of  mustering  out  the  troops,  and  m 
Ihis  capacity  went  to  Cuba.    In  Jan.,  1899,  he  returned  to  Lagrange, 
Tex     and  was  appointed  deputy  sheriff.     In  the  autumn  of  the 
same  year  he  came  to  Louisiana  and  was  employed  by  the  himber 
firm  of  Lock,  Moore  &  Co.  as  stenographer,  remaining  m  that  con- 
ueSion  aboul  10  months.    In  Nov.,  1900,  he  accepted  a  position  with 
Harrv  C   Laws  &  Co.,  of  New  Orleans,  with  whom  he  remamed  1 
year   after  which  he  was  employed  by  Judge  Charles  Parlange    as 
T^rivate  secretary  and  reporter  of  U.  S.  court,  remammg  m  this 
?irectiorrSl905.     He  then  went  to  Lake  Charles  as  stenog- 
rapher for  the  law  firm  of  Pujo  &  Moss,  and  later  accompanied 
Hon.  A.  P.  Pujo,  then  a  member  of  congress,  to  Washington  D.  C 
as  his  private  secretary.    He  was  thus  employed  until  Of-  1'  l^OS 
when  he   appeared  before   the   examining   committee   of   the  Bai 
Tssociation  at  Shreveport,  La.    Dec.  14,  in  the  same  year,  he  passed 
examination  before  the  supreme  court  and  was  licensed  t^  prac- 
tice.    Immediately  thereafter  he  established  himself  m  offices  at 
Lake  Charles  and  there  began  the  practice  of  law.    At  this  time  he 
has  been  in  practice  only  a  little  more  than  4  years,  and  has  niade 
the  phenomenal  record  of  representing  the  defense  m  12  murder 
cases  without  losing  any  one  of  them.    At  the  Democratic  primary 
on  Sept    3    1912,  he  was  nominated  for  district  attorney,  and  on 
Dec  16  of  the  same  year  qualified  in  that  office.    His  district  is  the 
largest  in  the  state  of  Louisiana,  comprising  the  parishes  ot  Allen, 
Beauregard,  Calcasieu,  Cameron,  and  Jefferson  Davis,  but  up  to 
this  time  he  has  been  able  to  conduct  the  business  of  his  ottice 
without  assistance.     He  is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Woodmen  of  the 
World      Mr.  and  Mrs.  Edwards  have  5  children,  namely:  Frank 
McKinney,  Thomas  Arthur,  Jr.,  Robert  Alexander,  Arsene  Pujo, 

and  Edine.  •  •  ,      j^  t 

Elliott,  Ralph  William,  city  judge  of  Lafayette,  parish  ot  La- 
fayette, La.,  was  born  November  25,  1857,  in  New  Orleans.  His 
father,  Benjamin  Christopher  Elliott,  the  son  of  Beiyaniin  Chris- 
topher Elliott,  who  was  a  native  and  lifelong  resident  of  Columma, 
S  C  and  engaged  in  the  planting  business,  was  reared  and  edu- 
cated in  that  state.  In  early  manhood  he  removed  to  New  Orleans, 
where  he  practiced  law  and  married  Miss  Melinda  Shaw,  born  in 
Avoyelles  parish,  whose  great  grandfather,  Carapte,  served  on  the 
staff  of  C4en.  Lafayette  during  the  Revolutionary  war.  Ihe  mater- 
nal grandfather,  Capt.  Z.  Shaw,  served  under  Jackson  at  the  battle 
of  New  Orleans.  His  commission  is  now  in  the  possession  ot  lus 
descendants,  together  with  other  historic  documents  of  early  times. 
Benjamin  Christopher  Elliott  was  prominent  in  the  legal  profes- 
sion and  in  politics  in  New  Orleans.  Nearly  three-quarters  of  a 
century  ago,  when  there  existed  a  number  of  "municipalities  that 
were  later  on  consolidated  into  the  city  ot  New  Orleans,  Mr.  Elliott 
was  judge  of  Lafayette  municipality,  now  the  Fourth  district  of 
New  Orleans.     He  was  an  incumbent  of  that  office  until  a  short 


150  LOUISIANA 

time  before  his  death,  in  the  year  1858.  Mrs.  Elliott  died  in  1865. 
Ralph  William  Elliott,  who  was  18  months  old  when  his  father 
died,  and  8  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  mother's  demise,  was 
1  of  a  family  of  11  children,  4  sons  and  7  daughters.  The  sons 
were :  Thornley  H.,  Benjamin  C,  Thomas  H.,  and  Ralph  William 
Elliott.  Thornley  H.  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army  during  the 
Civil  war,  served  in  Dreux's  cavalry  until  taken  prisoner  and 
sent  to  military  prison  at  Johnston's  island,  and  later  was  paroled. 
Benjamin  C.  Elliott  also  was  a  soldier  in  the  army  of  the  South, 
from  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war  in  1861,  iintil  paroled  at  At- 
lanta, when  he  was.  a  trooper  in  Dreux's  cavalry,  to  which  corps 
he  had  been  transferred  from  his  original  company,  the  Crescent 
rifles.  After  the  war  Mr.  Elliott  engaged  for  a  short  time  in  clerical 
pursuits  in  New  Orleans,  and  then  began  the  practice  of  law,  hav- 
ing several  years  previously  graduated,  but  not  having  had  occasion 
to  exercise  his  profession  on  account  of  his  military  service.  He 
was  actively  identified  with  politics  in  Louisiana;  was  district 
attorney  for  the  parish  of  Jefferson;  member  of  the  state  legislature 
for  2  terms,  and  candidate  for  congress  on  the  Democratic  ticket 
against  H.  Dudley  Coleman,  who  defeated  him  with  the  Republican 
votes.  He  died  in  1891.  Thomas  H.  Elliott,  the  third  of  the  Elliott 
family  to  offer  his  services  to  the  South  during  the  Civil  war,  en- 
listed at  the  age  of  16  years,  and  was  with  Dreux's  cavalry  until 
the  end  of  the  great  struggle.  He  is  a  resident  of  New  Orleans,  at 
present  connected  with  the  mercantile  firm  of  W.  G.  Coyle  &  Co. 
Ralph  William  Elliott,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  educated  in 
private  schools,  and  at  St.  Vincent's  academy  of  the  Christian 
Brothers ;  later  studying  law  in  the  office  of  his  brother,  Benjamin 
C.  Elliott,  and  admitted  to  practice  in  July,  1891,  after  having 
passed  an  examination  before  the  justices  of  the  Louisiana  state 
supreme  court.  He  established  himself  in  Lafayette,  and  has  been 
a  resident  of  that  city  ever  since.  In  1910  he  was  appointed  city 
judge  by  Gov.  J.  Y.  Sanders,  and  in  1912  was  elected,  without  any 
opposition,  for  a  4  years'  term.  Judge  Elliott's  official  position  does 
not  stand  in  the  way  of  his  continuing  the  practice  of  law  in  the 
disti'ict  court.  Although  deeply  interested  in  the  political  affairs 
of  Louisiana,  Judge  Elliott  never'  sought  office,  but  often  has  de- 
clined to  be  put  forward  as  a  candidate  for  a  public  position.  In 
fraternal  orders  he  is  affiliated  with  the  Elks,  the  Woodmen  of  the 
World,  the  Benevolent  Knights  of  America,  and  the  Loyal  order 
of  Moose  lodge. 

Ellis,  Crawford  H.,  manager  of  the  United  Fruit  Co.,  is  one  of 
the  most  prominent  factors  in  the  commercial  life  of  the  Southland. 
Mr.  Ellis  is  a  native  Alabauiian,  in  which  state  he  was  born  at 
Selma,  Aug.  26,  1873,  the  son  of  Thomas  Jefferson  and  Elizabeth 
(Hatcher)  Ellis,  both  of  whom  came  of  English  ancestry,  and  was 
reared  at  Orrville,  Ala.,  where  the  father  has  merchandised  for 
years  and  has  also  been  actively  engaged  in  cotton  planting.  His 
father  was  a  Confederate  soldier  and  served  with  gallantry  in 
Company  F,  5th  Alabama  regiment.  At  Mobile,  Ala.,  he  was  cap- 
tured and  was  held  prisoner  at  Ship  island  until  the  close  of  the  war. 
Crawford  II.  Ellis  received  his  prelin'inary  education  in  the  pub- 


BIOGR^VPHICAL  151 

lie  schools  of  Selma,  Ala.,  and  later  (1892)  graduated  with  honors 
in  a  business  course  at  the  Kentucky  university  of  Lexington.    At 
the  age  of  19  Mr.  Ellis  went  to  Central  America  for  the  purpose  ot 
associating  himself  with  Orr  &  Laubenheimer  Co.,  who  were  oper- 
ating steamers  between  Mobile  and  Nicaragua.  This  company  was  a 
roioneer  in  the  banana  trade  and  after  5  years  in  the  southern  re- 
public   during  which  time  the  banana  trade  began  taking  more 
definite  form,  Mr.  Ellis  was  transferred  to  Mobile  to  look  after 
affairs  of  the  company  there.    This  transfer  was  made  late  m  1897 
and  he  had  charge  of  the  company's  business  at  that  place  until 
1898,  or  until  he  became  accountant  for  the  Bluefield  Steamship 
Co    which  was  incorporated  in  the  latter  part  of  1898.     Mr.  Wiis 
came  to  New  Orleans  to  serve  in  the  capacity  of  accountant,  but 
it  was  not  long  before  his  merit  won  him  a  more  important  position 
In  Dec     1899,  he  was  made  auditor  for  the  United  Fruit  Co.,  and 
at  the  age  of  27  he  was  manager  of  the  entire  Southern  business  ot 
this  corporation.     With  headquarters  at  New  Orleans,  Mr.   El  is 
has  remained  in  this  position  and  his  management  also  includes  the 
direction  of  three  separate  lines  of  passenger  and  freight  boats  that 
ply  between  the  fruit  countries  of  Latin  America  and  Mobile,  New 
Orleans  and  Galveston.    Through  his  intimate  knowledge  of  condi- 
tions in  Latin  America,  and  the  Spanish  language,  m  which  he  is  a 
fluent  scholar,  Mr.  Ellis  has  been  able  to  conduct  the  fruit  busme^ss 
in  such  a  way  as  to  be  of  great  assistance  to  the  governments  ot  the 
republics  where  the  products  are  grown.     At  present  he  is  direct- 
ing the  expenditure  of  $4,000,000  in  building  new  towns  on  the 
Honduran  coast  and  a  railroad  to  connect  it  with  Tegucigalpa,  thus 
furnishing  railroad  connection  to  the  sea  for  the  only  American 
capital  citv  not  already  enjoying  that  advantage.     To  be  able  to 
direct  such  a  colossal  undertaking  and  still  find  time  for  active 
work  with  a  large  number  of  outside  enterprises  is  a  gauge  of 
Mr  Ellis'  commercial  capacity.    He  is  president  of  the  Pan-Ameri- 
can Life  Insurance  Co. ;  director  and  member  of  the  executive  com- 
mittee of  the  Whitney-Central  National  l^ank  and  Whitney-Centi-al 
Trust  and  Savings  bank;  director  m  the  New  Orleans  &  Pacific 
R  R     He  is  a  trustee  of  the  Louisiana  state  museum  and  was  presi- 
dent of  the  board  of  trade  of  New  Orleans  during  1909  and  1910, 
being  36  vears  old  when  first  elected  and  after  serving  2  terms 
declined  reelection  for  a  third  term  because  of  the  press  of^  other 
business.    Mr.  Ellis  served  as  colonel  on  the  staff  of  Gov.  J.  1.  San- 
ders   of  Louisiana,  and  is  now  serving  with  the  same  rank  on  the 
staff'  of  Gov.  Luther  E.  Hall.     His  principal  recreations  are  auto- 
mobiling,  fishing  and  hunting.    He  is  a  member  of  the  Boston,  1  ick- 
wick.  Southern  Yacht,  Country,  Delta  Duck,  Young  Meii  s  Gym- 
nastic   and  Motor  League  clubs.    Mr.  Ellis  married  at  belma,  Ala., 
April  24  1895,  Miss  Inez  MoUett  Saffold,  the  marriage  being  blessed 
with  1  daughter,  Inez  Lucille  Ellis.     The  family  residence  is  at 
1912  Palmer  avenue,  New  Orleans. 

Estopinal,  Gen.  Albert,  member  of  Congress,  representmg  the 
First  Congressional  district  of  Louisiana,  was  born  m  St.  Bernard 
parish,  La.,  Jan.  30,  1845.  He  is  a  member  of  the  honored  and  woll- 
known  Estopinal  family  of  St.  Bernard  parish,  where  he  was  reared 


152  LOUISIANA 

and  educated  in  the  public  schools,  later  attending  private  schools 
in  New  Orleans.  He  left  school  at  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war 
and  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army,  in  which  he  served  first  in 
the  28th  Louisiana  Volunteer  regiment,  under  Col.  Allen  Thomas, 
and  after  the  siege  of  Vicksburg,  in  the  22d  Louisiana  regiment, 
under  Col.  I.  W.  Patton,  surrendering  to  Gen.  Canby  at  Meridian, 
Miss.,  in  March,  1865.  In  1872  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  St.  Bernard 
parish,  and  reelected  in  1874.  He  was  elected  a  representative  in 
the  lower  house  of  the  general  assembly  in  1876  and  again  in  1878 ; 
was  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  Constitutional  convention  in  1879 ; 
elected  to  state  senate  in  1880  and  served  until  1900,  when  he  was 
elected  lieutenant-governor  of  the  state,  serving  4  years.  The  next 
position  of  honor  to  which  he  was  elected  was  that  of  congress- 
man. In  1868  Gen.  Estopinal  married  Miss  Eliska  Legier,  of  New 
Orleans.    He  is  the  father  of  9  sons. 

Estopinal,  Albert,  Jr.,  sheriff  of  St.  Bernard  parish,  was  born  in 
New  Orleans,  La.,  Dec.  1,  1868,  a  son  of  Albei-t  and  Eliska  (Legier) 
Estopinal,  the  former  being  a  native  of  St.  Bernard  parish  and  the 
latter  of  New  Orleans.  For  detailed  information  regarding  the 
parents'  ancestry,  see  sketch  of  Rene  L.  Estopinal,  elsewhere  in  this 
work.  Albert  Estopinal,  Jr.,  attended  the  public  schools  of  his 
home  city  and  later  a  private  school,  after  which  he  entered  the 
Louisiana  state  university,  remaining  for  4  years.  Following  this 
he  matriculated  in  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  graduating 
with  credit  in  the  class  of  1890.  The  young  attorney  embarked 
upon  his  professional  career  at  New  Orleans,  practicing  very  suc- 
cessfully for  sevei'al  years  in  that  city  and  St.  Bernard  and  Pointe 
a  la  Haehe.  In  1892  he  was  elected  distinct  attorney  of  the  24th 
judicial  district,  and  remained  incumbent  of  this  office  for  12  years. 
He  was  then  appointed  by  the  governor  to  fill  an  unexpired  term  of 
1  year  as  district  judge,  and  following  this  was  elected  judge  of  the 
Court  of  Appeals  at  New  Orleans,  serving  in  this  capacity  for  5 
years.  Upon  the  expiration  of  this  term  Mr.  Estopinal  became  a 
candidate  for  the  office  of  sheriff  of  St.  Bernard  parish,  and  was 
duly  chosen  to  fill  the  remainder  of  an  vmexpired  term.  His  con- 
stituency was  so  well  pleased  with  his  able  administration  of  the 
affairs  of  the  office  that  he  was  again  elected,  and  has  sei-ved  faith- 
fully in  this  capacity  iip  to  the  present  time,  proving  himself  an 
efficient  and  capable  incumbent  of  the  office.  Judge  Estopinal  has 
been  a  lifelong  advocate  of  the  principles  of  Democracy,  and  is  a 
devout  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  Sept.  10,  1892,  he 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Berenice,  a  daughter  of  ^Michel  and 
Azelie  (Brignac)  Cambre,  natives  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  parish, 
but  later  residents  of  St.  Bernard.  Both  parents  are  now  deceased. 
No  children  have  been  born  to  Judge  and  Mrs.  Estopinal. 

Estopinal,  Adam,  representative,  state  senator,  and  member  of 
Constitutional  convention  of  1913,  was  born  at  St.  Bernard,  St. 
Bernard  parish,  La.,  June  19,  1872,  son  of  Matthew  and  Josephine 
(Estopinal)  Estopinal,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  St.  Bernni'd  par- 
ish. The  father  followed  the  vocation  of  a  farmer  throughout  life. 
His  death  occurred  in  the  year  1875.  The  paternal  grandfather, 
Joseph  Estopinal,  was  a  planter  and  sugar  maker.     He  also  was 


BIOGRAPHICAL  ^^^ 


u        •«  a+   TiATrm-<1  narish   and  is  now  deceased.    Adam  Estopinal 

marked  ability  thjvt  m  19U»  ne  w  distinction  and 

was  not  a  candidate  for  reelection  m  1912^  tife  bonrfS  commis- 
he  is  serving  in  the  capacity  of  president  of  tlie  boarci  ot  comim 
sfone  "of  Bayou  Terre'aux  Boeuf  ^^-^rict    and  is  ciairnian  of    he 
St.  Bernard  parish  Democratic  committee,     ^e  also  seivecl  as  a 
member  of  the   State   Constitutional   convention   of   191/      Me  is 

nnd  has  lono-  been  in  business  m  that  city  as  a  turniture  ae'iiei. 
His  wife  also  was  born  in  Louisiana.  Two  children  have  been  born 
fo  sTiitor  and  Mrs.  Estopinal,  these  being  Lydia  Josephine  and 

"^^SltLtr^'l"  Alfred   nlanter    of  St.  Bernard,  was  born  at  St.  Ber- 
f?fi;,,t"    1879  Ton  of  Alfred  and  Marie  (Messa)  Estopinal 
ESS^Vw/omVeVfbo^ratSt^Bernard,  where  the  father  foll^ 

th  occupation  of  a  planter  throughout  life.  ^^  father  died  July 
d  nnH  the  mother    Nov.  11,  both  m  the  year  1897.     ihe  pateinai 

pntimi  of  a  Dlanter  He  d  ed  m  the  month  ot  Nov.,  IJUJ.  Aiiieti 
Sopinal  w^  the  first  of  6  children  born  to  his  Pa-nts,1^he  other 
chiXn  in  order  of  their  birth,  being:  Adalmar  Adarian  OB 
Henrv  Zeulma.  Alfred  Estopinal  received  a  pub  he  ^chool  educa^ 
tion  and  upon  finishing  this,  became  assistant  to  his  father  m 
rmSnagrnt  of  the  %- J-^^as  continuecl^m  this  oceupati^^^^ 

which  has  been  very  profitable  at  all  tT^'-  ,.f  ?  X  c.nacitv  of 
t^^  ?:•  r  ^S^li^Sl?  S^^S^r^  |a  SS^out 
Siis  hicumbencv  has  exerted  his  influence  toward  the  constant  m  - 
ntvemen  of  5ie  schools  to  which  his  neighbors  send  their  chi- 
E  and  these  schools  have. shown  great  -P-^^^^Vfu^ 
vears      The  Estopinal  farm  is  modern  m  all  ^^^pe^ts,  ana  luuy 

Se  avocation  of  a  farmer,  through  which  so  much  of  the  substan- 


154  LOUISIANA 

tial  reward  of  a  well  spent  life  has  come  to  him.  March  19,  1892, 
Mr.  Estopinal  was  married  to  Miss  Antonia  Serpas,  a  daughter  of 
Francisco  and  Dolores  (Elvas)  Serpas,  of  St.  Bernard.  Both  par- 
ents were  natives  of  St.  Bernard  and  both  are  now  deceased. 
Seven  children,  as  follows,  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Estop- 
inal: Agnes,  Manriee,  Dolores,  Maude,  William,  Ernst,  and  Bertha. 

Estopinal,  Fernando,  lawyer  by  profession  and  secretary  of  Lake 
Borgne  Levee  board,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Oct.  5,  1870,  and  is 
a  son  of  Albert  and  Eliska  (Legier)  Estopinal.  His  father  is  repre- 
sentative in  Congress  from  the  1st  Congressioiial  district  of  Louisi- 
ana. Mr.  Estopinal  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  the 
Tulane  high  school.  After  a  plantation  life  of  several  years  he 
became,  in  1893,  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  collector  of  customs.  Dur- 
ing 1894-95  he  was  a  law  student  in  Tulane  university,  graduating 
in  1895.  He  then  practiced  law  until  appointed  state  live  stock 
inspector  by  Gov.  Foster,  in  1898,  which  position  he  held  until  Dec. 
1,  1904,  when  he  became  secretary  of  Lake  Borgiie  Levee  board, 
which  he  has  since  held.  Mr.  Estopinal  is  a  resident  of  St.  Bernard 
parish  and  Arabi  is  his  resident  postofRce  address.  In  1897  Mr. 
Estopinal  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Palmyre  Legier,  the 
daughter  of  John  R.  Legier,  and  unto  this  imion  were  born  the  fol- 
lowing children :  Fernando,  Jr.,  Inez,  Lola,  Elise,  Renee,  and  Marie. 
Mr.  Estopinal  is  Roman  Catholic  in  church  faith,  is  a  member  of 
the  Knights  of  Columbus,  and  also  the  Phi  Kappa  Sigma  fraternity. 
In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat  and  has  borne  an  active  part  in  both 
political  and  public  affairs. 

Estopinal  Rene  L.,  a  prosperous  planter,  and  president  of  the 
police  jury  of  St.  Bernard  parish,  was  born  in  this  parish,  March  1, 
1866,  a  son  of  Albert  and  Eliska  (Legier)  Estopinal.  The  mother 
was  born  in  New  Orleans,  while  the  father,  Albert  Estopinal,  was 
born  in  St.  Bernard  parish,  Jan.  30,  1845.  He  received  his  educa- 
tion in  the  pulilic  schools  of  New  Orleans  and  from  private  tutors. 
In  Jan.,  1862,  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army,  as  a  member  of 
the  28th  Louisiana  infantry,  under  Col.  Thomas.  After  the  siege 
of  A'^icksburg  he  became  attached  to  the  22d  Louisiana  regiment, 
commanded  by  Col.  S.  W.  Patton,  and  remained  with  this  command 
throughout  the  war,  proving  himself  a  brave  and  gallant  soldier. 
The  command  surrendered  to  Gen.  Canby  at  Meridian,  Miss.,  in 
March,  1865.  In  Feb.,  1868,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Eliska  Legier, 
of  New  Orleans.  Four  years  later  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  St.  Ber- 
nard parish  and  was  reelected  in  1874.  In  1876-78  he  represented 
his  district  in  the  Louisiana  state  legislature,  and  in  1879  served  as 
a  member  of  the  Constitutional  convention.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
Louisiana  state  senate  from  1880  to  1900,  and  during  this  time 
served  also  as  a  member  of  the  Constitutional  convention  of  1896. 
In  1900  Mr.  Estopinal  was  elected  lieutenant-governor  of  Louisiana, 
in  which  capacity  he  served  for  4  years,  and  following  this  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  61st  Congress,  to  fill  an  unexpired  term. 
He  was  reelected  to  the  62d  Congress,  receiving  11,932  votes,  while 
his  opponent  only  got  1,408.  Rene  L.  Estopinal  was  the  fifth  of 
10  children  born  to  his  parents.  His  academic  education  was  fin- 
ished  at   Holy   Cross   college.   New   Orleans,    following   which   he 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1^5 

entered  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentist.^  from  whkh  he ^ 
uated  with  signal  honors  m  the  class  of  1908.  ,  Shortly  toiowm„ 
the  oomnletion  of  his  professional  education  he  began  the  practice 
of  deSry  at  New  Orleans,  but  after  2  years  retired  from  the  pro- 
Session  and  took  up  the  vocation  of  a  farmer  in  St.  Bemai-d  parish 
to  which  occupation  he  has  since  given  his  entire  attention.  At 
this  thne  heTccupios  the  office  of  president  of  the^  parish  police 

SmbuHheUtitc^Jy  of  .the  New  O^'Jean^  CoUege^of^D^^^^ 

ti«t,-v   niiA  the  Xi  Phi  Ps   fraternity.    June  21,  1911,  Mi    ustopmai 

id  i;     he   .Uar  Emma,   a   daughter   of  Ho'iore   and  Alpliomeue 

Sulwme)  pugas,  ot  A»J,,„p«ou  parish   m  wh^chJocaUty^hoth 

iiS,rsr  s4S=  si^^^sser  Sd  s«|=- 

fi  her  were  born  in  Louisiana.  John  Batist  Dugas,  fa  her  oi  E. 
p  H  .^tended  private  schools  in  Assumption  parish  and  later  fin- 
fshecl'hs  academic  education  at  Bardstown  college    (Kentucky) 

rE»  iisf.'«'i-h;:taS'-rt:TdS^» 

His  command  afterwards  participated  m  many  ot  the  '"ipo^  ^ant 

«  gaoements  of  the  war,  including  the  ^^'-f'^^^'^^'Z^l'^ilt^l 
buro  After  the  surrender  he  returned  to  Assumption  pansh,  but 
nstead  of  lisuming  his  pedagogical  work,  devoted  his  energies  to 
■the  occupaion  of  a  planter,  as  this  at  the  time  appealed  the  greater 
need  of  the  people.  Since  that  time  he  has  continued  to  devote  his 
attention  to'^planting,  and  now  operates  a  plantation  embracing 
i  XL.  lonnn  aeres  half  of>  which  is  under  cultivation,  in 
S^tUT&  LeSa^Co.  was  formed    w.hHono^.e  Dugas, 

president;  Felix  Dugas,  vice-president,  and  ^-  J; f^  ^„;^;"':^J',^er- 
retary  and  treasurer.  This  company  operates  a  la^89^f  ""/^J  '^^^^ 
chandise  business.  Mr.  Dugas  is  also  presiden  of  the  P«lic;  ^^^^ 
and  a  member  of  the  Atchafalaya  Levee  board.  He  has  se™ 
Hs  district  as  a  member  of  the  state  legislature,  h';;;;"^  ^e^^ 
elected  in  1896.     In  church  faith. he  is  a  member  of  the  Roman 

Cathode  church.    Jan.  6,  1866    Mr.  D^^f  ^^-^^^^f^^^)  0  701^- 
to  Alphoniene,  a  daughter  of  Villiar  and  Constant  (Vella)Uummi 
ville,  of  Assumption  parish,  where  both  parents  ^e  e     orm     M 
Diimonville  followed  the  vocation  of  a  planter.     Both  he  ana  ms 
w  fe  a  e     ow  de^ieased.    To  this  union  7  children  wei;e  born  name- 
h'    Edoar  now  residing  at  home  ;  Lillia,  now  wife  of  Capt  Alphege 
CWet  ai'id  mother  of's  children;  Bertha,  at  the  parent^^^^ 
Alnhonsiene    at  home;  Armelise  Louis,  wite   ot  Mi     iJaigie,  ana 
moSo?i  children;  Emma,  now  Mi..  ^^-l^ZTtfm.S^^' 
at  home.    One  child.  Sella  by  name,  has  been  born  to  J\lr.  ana  Mis. 
Rene  L.  Estopinal. 


156  LOUISIANA 

Eustis,  Allan  Chotard,  eminent  pliysician  and  writer  on  medical 
subjects,  Avas  born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Dec.  23,  1876.  His  parents 
were  Cartwright  and  Laura  (Buckner)  Eustis,  the  former  of  whom 
was  born  at  Natchez,  Miss.,  Nov.,  1842,  and  the  latter,  of  a  prom- 
inent Louisiana  family,  is  still  living.  The  father,  a  cousin  of 
former  Ambassador  Eustis,  was  a  son  of  Horatio  Sprague  and 
Catherine  (Chotard)  Eustis.  His  preliminary  education  was  ac- 
quired in  the  common  schools  and  in  a  preparatory  school  at  Cam- 
bridge, Mass.  In  1859  he  entered  Harvard  university,  but,  visiting 
Mississippi  in  1861,  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  prevented  a 
return  to  his  studies  at  Harvard.  After  some  months  spent  at 
his  home  near  Natchez,  in  1862,  he  enlisted  as  a  Confederate  sol- 
dier, going  to  the  front  as  a  member  of  the  Natchez  Southerns  under 
Capt.  Inge,  this  command  later  becoming  attached  to  the  10th  Mis- 
sissippi regiment.  Shortly  after  the  battle  of  Shiloh,  while  engaged 
in  a  skirmish,  he  received  a  severe  cannister  wound  in  the  leg  and 
was  subsequently  confined  in  hospital  qiaarters  4  months.  He  re- 
joined his  command  3  days  before  the  battle  of  Murfreesboro,  at 
which  he  received  a  second  wound  in  the  same  leg  that  had  formerly 
been  injured,  and  only  3  inches  from  the  first  wound.  This  again 
incapacitated  him  for  a  time,  but  on  reporting  for  duty,  he  was 
promoted  to  sergeant,  and  following  the  battle  of  Chickamauga 
was  assigned  to  the  20th  Louisiana  as  a  lieutenant,  soon  thereafter 
being  made  captain.  Attached  to  the  command  of  Gen.  Randall  L. 
Gibson,  he  participated  in  the  noted  operations  of  the  army  about 
Atlanta,  and  in  July,  1864,  became  aide  to  that  general,  where  he 
served  until  the  surrender.  Coming  to  New  Orleans  in  Sept.,  1865, 
he  found  employment  as  cashier  for  C.  H.  Slocum,  later  Slociim, 
Baldwin  &  Co.  In  1873,  after  the  death  of  Mr.  Slocum,  the  firm 
became  A.  Baldwin  &  Co.,  to  which  Capt.  Eustis  was  admitted  to 
partnership,  and  in  1889  he  became  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the' 
corporation.  Mr.  Eustis  served  as  one  of  the  first  members  of  the 
board  of  administration  of  Tulane  university,  the  only  public  post 
he  ever  felt  that  his  business  activities  would  permit  him  to  occupy. 
He  left  to  his  children  the  unsullied  name  of  a  gallant  soldier  and 
honorable  business  man.  Allan  Chotard  Eustis  received  his  early 
education  in  private  schools  in  New  Orleans.  In  1896  he  graduated 
from  Tulane  university  with  the  degree  of  B.  S.,  and  in  1898  gradu- 
ated from  Yale  college  with  the  degree  of  Ph.  B.  While  at  the 
latter  school  he  made  a  special  study  of  physiological  chemistry, 
and  following  his  graduation  was  appointed  assistant  in  physiologi- 
cal chemistry  at  Columbia  iniiversity,  New  York,  for  the  school 
year  of  1898-99.  In  Oct.,  1899,  he  entered  the  medical  department 
of  Tidane  university,  and  graduated  in  1903,  having  served  2  years 
as  interne  in  Charity  hospital.  Shortly  thereafter  he  became  assist- 
ant city  chemist,  and  also  a  teacher  in  physiological  chemistiy  at 
Tulane,  remaining  in  this  connection  until  1906,  at  the  same  time 
doing  a  general  practice  in  the  city.  During  the  yellow  fever  epi- 
demic in  New  Orleans  in  1905,  he  was  acting  assistant  surgeon  in 
the  United  States  marine  hospital  and  public  health  service,  having 
charge  of  the  Eighth  ward.  While  busied  with  his  later  studies  and 
tutorial  duties  at  Tulane,  Dr.  Eustis  also  conducted  a  commercial 


BIOGRAPHICAL  157 

laboratory,  in  which  he  was  associated  with  Prof.  A.  L.  Mctz,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Metz  &  Eustis.    Dr.  Eustis  perfected  and  improved 
a  process  for  extracting  oil  from  cotton  seed,  by  which  both  a 
larger  percentage  and  better  grade  could  be  produced.    As  a  result 
of  this  discovery,  he  organized  in  1906,  The  Nutriline  Feed  &  Od 
Co     to  engage  in  extracting  oil  from  cotton  seed  under  the  im- 
proved method.    This  business  promised  large  success,  but    during 
the  financial  disturbance  of  1907-08,  when  numbers  of  corporations 
and   individuals   alike   found   their   collateral   unavailing   for   the 
needs  of  commerce,  the  company  was  forced  into  the  hands  ot  a 
receiver  and  Dr.  Eustis  lost  all  he  had  previously  made.    He  then 
moved  to  Abbeville,  La.,  and  there  remained  m  the  practice  ot 
medicine  until  1911,  in  which  year  he  went  to  Vienna  as  assistant 
to  Prof   Von  Noorden,  specializing  in  dietetics  and  nutrition.     He 
returned  to  New  Orleans  and  resumed  practice,  being  immediately 
called  to  the  place  of  clinical  assistant  in  medicines  at  Tulane  uni- 
versity, and  in  June,  1913,  he  was  appointed  assistant  professor  ot 
dietetics     Dr  Eustis  has  been  a  frequent  contributor  to  the  techni- 
cal literature  of  his  profession,  and  is  the  author  of  the  following 
published  works:  "The  Decomposition  Products  of  Neurokeratin, 
''The  Etiology  of  Pemphigus,"  "Rectal  Alimentation,        Volvulus 
of  Intestines  Complicating  Typhoid  Fever,"  "A  New  Method  as  an 
Aid  to  the  Diagnosis  of  Renal  Impairment,  Based  Upon  the  Nitro- 
gen Content  of  the  Blood,"  "A  Case  of  Pemphigus  Vulgaris,  with 
Some    Observations    on    its    Bacteriology,"    "Acute    Spasmodic 
Asthma  as  Evidence  of  Autointoxication,"  "Distribution  of  Uncin- 
ariasis in  Louisiana,"  "The  Importance  of  Regulating  the  Diet  m 
the  Treatment  of  Diseases,"  "Splanchnoptosis,"  "Report  of  a  Case 
of   Traumatic   Aneurism   of   Brachial   Artery,   Endoaneurismorrh- 
aphy  "    "The    Dietetic    Treatment    of    High    Blood    Pressure, 
"Further  Evidence  in  Support  of  the  Toxic  Pathogenesis  of  Bron- 
chial Asthma,  Based  Upon  Experimental  Research,"  "The  Deter- 
mination of  the  Functional  Activity  of  the  Liver  as  Indicated  by 
the  Presence  of  Urobilinogen  in  the  Urine,"  "On  the  Toxicity  of 
Guinea   Pig   Urine   and   its   Relation   to   Anaphylaxis,"   "On   the 
Physiological  Action  of  some  of  the  Amines  produced  by  Intestinal 
Putrefaction,"  "Solubilities  and  Action  of  Betaimidazolylethyhamm 
and  its  Relation  to  Asthma  and  Anaphylaxis,"  "Biochemical  Rea- 
sons Why  Free  Purgation  is  Necessary  in  Combating  Acidosis  ot 
Diabetes;    Results    of   Clinicochemical    Observations,"    "Acidosis: 
Two  Types  Demonstrable — An  Ednogenous  and  an  Exogenous, 
"The  Proper  Diet  in  the  Tropics,  With  Some  Pertinent  Remarks  on 
the  Use  of  Alcohol,"  "Improved  Technic  for  Blood-Counts:  Rjipid 
Method  for  Securing  Exact  Amount  of  Suspension,"  "The  Medical 
Aspects  of  Intestinal  Stasis,"  "Diabetes  Mellitus  and  its  Differ- 
entiation from  Alimentary  Glycosuria,"  "Investigation  of  Louisi- 
ana Rice  with  Reference  to  the  Etiology  of  Beriberi,"  "Malta  Fever 
in  Louisiana :  Report  of  a  Positive  Case  in  a  Series  of  Forty-six  Ag- 
glutination Tests  with  Microbacillus  Melitensis,"  "Report  of  a  Case 
of  Long-standing  Amebic  Abscess  of  Liver  and  Lung :  Cured  by  the 
Intramuscular  Injection  of  Emetine  Hydrochloride."     Dr.  Eustis 
has  been  a  member  of  the  Alpha  Tau  Omega  and  Phi  Chi  fraterm- 


158  LOUISIANA 

ties.  He  is  a  Republican  and  a  member  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal 
church.  Oct.  27,  1903,  Dr.  Allan  Enstis  was  married  to  Miss  Adele 
Brittin.  They  have  2  children,  Allan  Chotard,  Jr.,  born  August  28, 
1904,  and  Brittin  Cartright,  born  Nov.  30,  1905.  Mrs.  Eustis  is  a 
daughter  of  Abe  and  Emma  (Shaw)  Brittin,  of  New  Orleans. 

Eubank,  Dillard  Price,  notary  public,  and  of  D.  P.  Eulmnk 
Realty  Co.,  507-8  Commercial  National  Bank  building,  Shreveport, 
La.,  was  born  at  Winchester,  Clark  county,  Ky.,  Feb.  21,  1877,  son 
of  W.  Z.  and  Miriam  (Weaver)  Dubank,  the  former  of  whom  is  a 
native  of  the  locality  in  which  the  son  was  born  and  still  resides  at 
Winchester,  Ky.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Achilles  Eubank,  also 
was  born  in  Clark  county,  Ky.,  where  his  ancestors  settled  on  com- 
ing from  Virginia.  The  mother  was  a  native  of  Clark  county,  Ky., 
and  a  daughter  of  John  Weaver,  of  Irish  ancestry.  She  died  when 
the  son,  Dillard  Price  Eubank,  was  about  2  years  old.  Three  sons 
were  born  to  the  parents,  being,  in  order  of  birth,  Achilles,  Dillard 
Price,  aiid  Ambrose  E.  The  first  and  thii-d  sons  are  both  practicing 
physicians  of  Kansas  City,  Mo.  Dillard  Price  Eubank  passed  his 
boyhood  and  youth  at  the  town  of  Winchester,  wherein  he  was 
born,  and  there  attended  the  public  schools,  later  attended  Ken- 
tucky Wesleyan  college.  On  attaining  his  21st  year  he  went  to 
Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  became  connected  with  the  Devoe  &  Rej^- 
nolds  Paint  Co.,  which  connection  was  continued  until  the  year 
1904,  at  which  time  he  became  associated  with  the  Davidson  &  Wall 
Paper  Co.,  of  the  same  city,  and  remained  with  this  house  about  2 
years.  March  20,  1907,  he  located  at  Shreveport,  La.,  and  became 
secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Caddo  Abstract  Co.,  remaining  in- 
cumbent of  this  important  position  until  the  early  part  of  the 
year  1910,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  office  of  deputy  clerk 
of  the  district  court,  criminal  division,  at  Shreveport.  In  June, 
1911,  he  retired  from  this  office  to  enter  the  real  estate  business  as 
head  of  the  firm  of  the  D.  P.  Eubank  Realty  Co.,  and  to  this  busi- 
ness he  has  since  devoted  his  undivided  attention,  handling  all 
kinds  of  real  estate,  oil  lands,  and  leases.  Mr.  Eubank  is  president 
of  the  Shreveport  Real  Estate  exchange,  and  is  a  stockholder  and 
director  in  the  Bank  of  Vivian,  La.  In  1910  Mr.  Eubank  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Mabel  Williams,  a  daughter  of  Capt.  W.  H.  Williams, 
of  Shreveport.  Capt.  Williams  is  a  native  of  Wales.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Eubank  have  3  children,  Letitia,  Virginia,  and  William  R.  Mr. 
Eubank  is  affiliated  with  the  Baptist  church  and  the  Masonic  fra- 
ternity, being  a  Knight  Templar  and  a  Noble  of  the  Mystic  Shrine. 
He  is  also  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  0.  F.,  all  of  his  memberships  being 
in  the  city  of  Shreveport. 

Favrot,  Henry  Louis,  lawyer,  author  and  statesman,  is  a  native 
son  of  Louisiana.  He  was  born  in  West  Baton  Rouge  parish,  July 
21,  1864,  and  is  a  son  of  Henry  M.  and  Celestine  (Dubroca)  Favrot, 
who  were  born  also  in  West  Baton  Rouge.  Mr.  Favrot 's  paternal 
grandfather,  Louis  Favrot,  was  born  in  New  Orleans  in  1788  and 
died  in  West  Baton  Rouge  in  1876.  He  was  a  son  of  Claude  Joseph 
Favrot,  who  come  from  France  to  this  country  about  1727  as  a 
lieutenant  in  the  king's  service.  He  went  through  a  succession  of 
promotions,  and  in  1765,  when  Louisiana  passed  from  French  to 


BIOGRAPHICAL  159 

Spanish  control,  he  went  ovei-  to  the  Spanish  military  service  and 
bore  a  prominent  pai't  in  military  affairs,  served  under  Gov.  Bar- 
nardo  de  Galvez  and  was  in  command  of  artillery  at  the  siege  of 
Fort  Baton  Rouge  in  1779,  which  resulted  in  the  defeat  of  the 
British,  who  surrendered  the  fort.    Later  when  Prance  transferred 
Louisiana  to  the  United  States,  having  acquired  the  territory  from 
Spain,  Claude  Joseph  Favrot  was  in  command  of  the  fort,  at  the 
Balize,  or  mouth  of  the  river,  and  drew  the  transfer  papers,  the 
original  copies  of  which  are  now  in  possession  of  Mr.  Henry  L. 
Favrot.     He  then  became  a  citizen  of  the  United  States,  became 
a  member  of  the  Louisiana  legislature  and  while  serving  in  that 
capacity  was  chosen,  because  of  his  military  experience,  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  advisory  committee  on  the  defense  of  New  Orleans  in 
1814-15.     He  had  a  sister  who  married  Gen.  De  Clouct.     He  was 
the  father  of  3  sons  and  3  daughters.    None  of  the  daughters  ever 
married.     One  of  the  sons,  Phileogene  Favrot,  became  judge  of 
West  Baton  Rouge  parish  and  was  killed  in  a  duel  in  1819.    He  was 
succeeded  on  the  bench  by  his  brother,  Louis  Favrot,  who  after- 
ward resigned  to  enter  the  practice  of  medicine,  which  he  had 
previously  studied.     The  other  son  of  Claude  Joseph  Favrot  was 
Bouvier  Favrot,  who  served  with  distinction  as  a  captain  in  the 
Mexican  war.  Henry  M.  Favrot,  the  father  of  Henry  L.  Favrot,  was 
born  in  West  Baton  Rouge  parish,  in  1826,  and  died  there  in  1887. 
He  served  as  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  legislature  in  the  50 's  and 
was  an  ardent  Union  man.    Although  he  opposed  secession  he  cast 
his  lot  with  the  Confederacy  and  became  captain  of  a  company 
known  as  the  Delta  rifles,  of  the  4th  Louisiana  infantry,  and  served 
throughout  the  entire  war.    He  participated  in  the  battle_  of  Sliiloh, 
was  stricken  with  typhoid  fever  at  Corinth  and  later  returned  to 
New  Orleans  to  convalesce.     Afterward  he  was  sent  to  northern 
Virginia  with  rank  of  colonel  to  gather  all  the  records  of  the  army 
of  northern  Virginia.     This  he  did  and  remained  in  active  service 
till  the  close  of  hostilities,  when  he  returned  home  on  mule-back, 
bringing  with  him  the  army  rec:.rds  he  was  sent  to  compile.     He 
was  a  graduate  of  the  law  department  of  the  Louisiana  univei'sity 
and  after  the  war  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law.    He  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Louisiana  Constitutional  convention  in  1879  and  served 
as  superintendent  of  education  in  his  local  community,  in  which 
latter  capacity  he  was  succeeded  by  his  son,  Henry  L.  Favrot.    He 
was  the  father  of  5  sons  and  2  daughters.     Henry  Louis  Favrot,  the 
eldest  son  of  Henry  M.  Favrot,  was  reared  in  West  Baton  Rouge 
and  in  1884  graduated  from  the  Louisiana  state  university.    When 
the  Spanish-American  war  came  on  he  was  a  captain  in  the  Louisi- 
ant  militia,  and  into  that  war  he  went  out  as  adjutant  of  the 
2d  Louisiana  infantry,  and  later  became  adjutant  of  the  2d  brigade 
under  the  command  of  Gen.  Gordon,  still  later  adjutant  of  the  1st 
brigade  under  Gen.  Wheaton  and  Col.  Wood.     He  went  with  his 
command  to  Cuba;  came  back  and  was  mustered  out  of  the  service 
in  1899.     Mr.  Favrot  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1889,  and  after 
the  close  of  his  military  service  in  the  Spanish-American  war  he 
resumed  the  practice  of  law  at  New  Orleans.    He  was  elected  state 
senator  in  1904,  reelected  in  1908  and  again  in  1912,  as  a  Democrat. 


160  LOUISIANA 

Senator  Favrot  has  won  for  himself  an  enviable  record  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  state  senate  and  is  held  in  highest  esteem  as  a  public 
official.  In  his  profession  Mr.  Favrot  is  specializing  in  the  subjects 
of  bonds  and  drainage.  He  is  regarded  as  authority  on  drainage 
laws  on  which  he  has  written  and  published  several  treatises.  He 
has  also  contributed  several  historical  productions  of  much  literary 
value,  which  include  hi.s  "Acadian  Sketches,"  published  in  Acadian 
dialect.  In  1902  Mr.  Favrot  married  Miss  Marie  L.  Richmond,  of 
Savannah,  Ga. 

Feingold,  Marcus,  New  Orleans,  physician,  born  in  Roumania, 
July  17,  1871,  educated  in  the  schools  of  Austria,  later  entered  Uni- 
versity of  Vienna,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
M.  D.  in  1896.  In  1897  came  to  America  and  located  in  New  Or- 
leans, where  he  has  since  resided  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his 
profession,  limiting  his  practice  to  diseases  of  the  eye ;  is  a  member 
of  the  parish,  state  and  national  medical  societies;  a  member  of 
the  staff  of  the  Charity  hospital  and  Touro  infirmarj',  and  since 
1906  professor  of  ophthalmology  in  Tulane  university. 

Ferrell,  L.  C,  founder  and  present  conductor  of  Ferrell's  Pre- 
paratory school,  New  Orleans,  La.,  is  a  son  of  Col.  C.  B.  and  INIis- 
souri  (Wilkinson)  Ferrell,  of  Lagrange,  Ga.,  and  easily  traces  his 
paternal  ancestry  back  to  the  time  of  William  the  Conqueror,  in 
the  stirring  and  historic  events  of  whose  interesting  career  Baron 
Ferrell  participated.  The  sword  worn  by  L.  C.  Ferrell's  paternal 
grandfather,  and  wielded  with  telling  effect  in  the  cause  of  Ameri- 
can independence,  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution,  is  now  a  cherished 
memento  reposing  in  the  Smithsonian  institution  at  Washington, 
D.  C.  The  paternal  grandfather  was  a  , large  planter  and  slave 
owner.  Col.  C.  B.  Ferrell,  the  father,  was  representative  of  the 
best  type  of  the  gallant  Confederate  soldier.  At  the  beginning  of 
the  Civil  war  he  was  one  among  the  very  first  men  to  enli-st,  and 
never  did  he  entertain  the  most  fleeting  thought  of  returning  home 
until  his  superior  officers  had  .surrendered  and  there  no  longer 
was  any  chance  of  wielding  his  arms  toward  upholding  the  gov- 
ernment of  the  Southern  confederacy.  Throughout  the  term  of  the 
war  he  served  with  conspicuous  gallantry  under  that  dashing  and 
unconquerable  Confederate  cavalry  leader.  Gen.  Forrest.  On  the  oc- 
casion of  his  last  visit  to  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  Gen.  Stephen  D. 
Lee  spoke  in  the  highest  terms  of  Col.  Ferrell,  whom  he  personally 
knew.  The  Ferrell  family  in  America  emanates  from  the  state  of 
Georgia,  from  which  commonwealth  L.  C.  Ferrell  removed  to  Mont- 
gomery, Ala.,  in  the  days  of  his  youth  and  there  resided  until  the 
time  of  taking  up  his  residence  in  Louisiana.  In  his  j'outh  L.  C. 
Ferrell  determined  to  become  a  lawyer,  and  by  vigorous  application 
prepared  himself  for  that  profession,  which  he  was  ready  to  enter 
at  a  time  when  his  years  did  not  yet  allow  of  his  admis-sion  to  the 
bar.  Being  told  that  he  was  too  young,  the  aspiring  apostle 
of  Blaekstone  turned  to  teaching,  and  after  a  year  passed  in  in- 
structing others,  returned  to  the  profession  of  his  first  choice  and 
was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  supreme  court.  He  at  once 
launched  into  the  practice  of  law,  but  his  zeal  in  application  to  his 
law  books  was  such  that  after  6  months  his  eyes  failed,  and  physi- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  161 

cians  advised  him  to  abandon  the  legal  profession.  Being  denied 
the  law,  he  turned  again  to  teaching,  and  going  to  Houma,  La.,  he 
taught  uninterruptedly  during  5  years.  This  was  a  particularly 
trying  field  of  endeavor,  and  one  calling  for  the  exercise  of  rare 
qilalities  if  success  was  to  be  realized.  It  is  said  that  when  Mr. 
Ferrell  took  charge  of  that  school  not  one  of  the  60  boys  in  at- 
tendance could  speak  a  word  of  English,  properly  related.  That 
section  was  known  generally  as  being  distinctly  French,  but  be- 
fore Mr.  Ferrell  left  there  English  had  become  the  language  of  the 
people,  and  the  citizens,  recognizing  the  wonderfully  efficient  influ- 
ence of  the  rising  young  teacher,  made  most  flattering  offers  to  him 
to  remain  with  them,  but  his  eyes  were  fixed  upon  other  fields  and 
his  plans  already  made,  and  bidding  adieu  to  the  friends  who  had 
loyally  cooperated  with  him  in  his  faithful  labors  of  the  past  5 
years,' he  went  to  Donaldsonville,  where  he  established  and  became 
principal  of  the  Donaldsonville  academy,  which  he  managed  with 
the  most  gratifying  success  during  several  succeeding  years.  While 
at  Donaldsonville  Mr.  Ferrell  was  married  to  Miss  Jean  Hanson,  a 
daughter  of  R.  T.  Hanson,  a  prominent  sugar  planter,  and  2  chil- 
dren have  been  born  to  their  union,  namely,  Hanson  D.,  and  Miss 
Jean.  Shortly  following  his  marriage  Mr.  Ferrell  removed  to  New 
Orleans  and  established  his  private  school  for  boys.  Again,  within 
a  brief  time,  the  success  of  this  institution  became  markedly  evi- 
dent. Though  he  opened  his  school  with  25  boys  in  attendance, 
he  turned  away  applicants  who  could  not  be  accommodated  during 
the  first  term  of  the  school,  and  within  a  short  time  it  had  become 
apparent  to  the  patrons  of  the  school — always  increasing — that 
here  was  an  instructor  destined  to  play  an  important  part  in 
picking  and  preparing  young  men  for  the  conquests  of  college  years 
and  the  duties  and  obligations  of  citizenship  and  life.  As  the 
years  have  passed,  the  fame  of  Ferrell 's  private  school  for  boj's 
has  grown  and  spread  until  it  permeates  all  adjacent  regions  and 
has  become  coextensive  with  a  large  part  of  the  country.  As  far 
as  this  unusual  success  can  be  explained,  it  seems  due,  in  the  main, 
to  the  application  of  common  sense  methods  backed  by  Mr.  Ferrell 's 
native  ability  to  manage  boys,  together  with  his  unfailing  energy 
and  push.  The  school  is  deeply  loyal  and  patriotic,  and  always 
lends  a  willing  hand  in  adding  its  quota  to  the  importance  of  the 
general  display  on  occasions  calling  for  uniformed  and  disciplined 
bodies  of  young  men,  and  on  such  occasions  Ferrell 's  school  is  never 
found  wanting  in  the  appearance  of  its  student  body  of  cadets.  Mr. 
Ferrell  personally  typifies  the  loyal  spirit  of  Ferrell  boys;  he  is 
the  center  from  which  that  spirit  radiates,  and  through  hi.s  rugged 
honesty  of  purpose  and  his  even  handed  administration  of  justice 
among  his  boys,  he  holds  the  unqualified  confidence  and  esteem  of 
all  who  attend  his  school.  It  very  soon  become  a  matter  of  pride 
with  new  students  entering  the  school  that  they  have  the  privilege 
of  participating  in  maintaining  the  high  standard  of  excellence 
long  since  accorded  to  this  institution.  Mr.  Ferrell  stands  in  the 
relation  of  an  unfailing  friend  to  his  boys,  and  this  they  soon  realize 
and  appreciate.  Politically  Mr.  Ferrell  is  affiliated  with  the  Demo- 
cratic party,  and  while  his  professional  duties  are  such  as  to  pre- 
III— 11 


162  LOUISIANA 

elude  any  general  political  activity,  he  yet  regards  it  as  of  vital 
importance  that  he  afford  the  boys  within  his  care  a  rational 
example  of  the  patriotic  discharge  of  the  duties  and  obligations  of 
American  citizenship,  and  for  this  leading  reason  he  feels  it  par- 
ticularly incumbent  upon  him  to  take  part  in  the  selection  of  the 
best  men  to  whom  the  duty  of  administering  the  laws  shall  be  con- 
fided. With  these  considerations  in  mind,  he  has  served  as  vice- 
president  of  his  ward  and  as  president  of  his  precinct.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Baptist  church.  It  should  be  stated  here  that  Mr. 
Perrell  was  educated  in  the  ^tate  of  Alabama.  His  preceptors  in 
the  law  were  the  respective  members  of  the  famous  law  firm  of 
Clopton,  Herbert  &  Chambers.  Clopton  afterwards  became  chief 
justice  of  Alabama,  Herbert  became  secretary  of  the  navy  under 
Pres.  Cleveland,  and  Chambers  became  chief  justice  of  Samoa.  Mr. 
Ferrell  is  affiliated  with  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution  and 
the  Sons  of  Veterans. 

Fisher,  Hugh  C,  attorney-at-law,  Shreveport,  La.,  was  born  in 
Montgomery,  Ala.,  Nov.  18,  1883,  the  son  of  James  F.  and  Ora 
Pauline  (Conniff)  Fisher.  Native  of  ilichigan,  Mr.  Fisher,  Sr., 
came  to  reside  in  Alabama  in  his  boyhood.  During  the  year  1898 
he  removed  to  Louisiana,  and  engaged  in  mercantile  business.  Both 
he  and  his  wife  arc  living.  Hugh  C.  Fisher,  only  child,  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  Montgomery  and  of  Shreveport;  at 
the  University  of  Missouri,  and  Georgetown  university,  Washing- 
ton, D.  C,  graduating  from  the  latter  institution  with  the  degree 
of  bachelor  of  laws,  in  1906.  His  first  practice  was  in  Shreveport, 
where  he  quickly  achieved  success  as  a  general  practitioner.  He  is 
now  general  and  special  counsel  for  several  corporations.  Mr. 
Fisher  is  a  member  of  the  Missouri  state  as  well  as  the  Louisiana 
state  bar.  He  is  affiliated  with  Elks  lodge  No.  122,  Shreveport,  and 
takes  a  lively  interest  in  all  matters  touching  the  welfare  of  the 
community  in  which  he  is  a  leading  spirit. 

Fisher,  Dr.  W.  L.,  M.  D.,  well-known  and  successful  physician, 
of  Lake  Charles,  La.,  was  born  at  Franklinton,  Washington  parish. 
La.,  IMay  21,  1865,  son  of  Benjamin  Tony  and  Mary  Elizabeth 
(Magee)  Fisher,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Louisiana  and  the 
latter  in  Mississippi.  The  mother  died  when  the  son  was  4  years 
old.  Benjamin  Tony  Fisher  devoted  his  abilities  to  the  vocation 
of  a  planter  in  Washington  parish  during  a  long,  active  and  useful 
life.  He  died  in  1913,  at  the  advanced  age  of  86  yeai-s.  W.  L. 
Fisher  was  the  sixth  of  7  children  born  to  his  parents,  as  follows : 
B.  F.,  Jr.,  J.  M.,  Mary  Elizabeth,  G.  W.,  Sarah  S.,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  and  M.  P.,  only  4  of  whom  are  now  living,  and  all 
married.  After  the  completion  of  his  academic  education  in  the 
schools  of  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born,  he  matriculated  in  the 
medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  institution 
he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the  class  of  1895.  During 
the  succeeding  5  years  he  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine 
at  Franklinton,  but  at  the  expiration  of  that  time  he  moved  his 
offices  to  Lake  Charles,  where  he  has  since  resided  and  given  his 
undivided  attention  to  the  requirements  of  his  profession.  The 
Doctor  is  extensively  known  and  enjoys  a  large  practice.     He  is 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  163 

now  serving  his  third  term  as  coroner  of  Calcasieu  parish.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Baptist  church  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Knights 
of  the  Maccabees  and  Woodmen  of  the  World.  November  27,  1895, 
Dr.  Fisher  was  mai-ried  to  Elma  Godwin,  daughter  of  W.  E. 
and  Mary  (Erwin)  Godwin,  of  Oakdale,  La.,  both  of  whom  were 
natives  of  the  state  of  Louisiana.  The  father  was  a  farmer  and  in- 
terested in  timber.  Both  parents  are  now  deceased.  To  Dr.  and 
Mrs.  Fisher  8  children  h^ve  been  born,  namely :  Mary  V.,  Vira  Elma, 
Robert  Benjamin,  Bonnie  Lee,  William  L.,  Jr.  (deceased) ;  Willie 
Godwin,  Jennings  Bryan,  and  Blanche,  all  of  whom  reside  at  the 
parental  home. 

Fleming,  Walter  Lynwood,  histoi-ian,  author,  editor.  Baton 
Rouge,  La.,  was  born  at  Brundige,  Ala.,  April  8,  1874,  son  of  Wil- 
liam LeRoy  and  Mary  Love  (Edwards)  Fleming.  In  1901  he  ma- 
triculated at  Columbia  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
the  degree  of  Ph.  D.  in  1904.  He  was  married  to  Miss*  Mary 
Wright  Boyd,  of  Auburn,  Ala.,  Sept.  17,  1902.  In  his  earlier  days 
he  followed  the  avocation  of  a  farmer,  until  the  year  1894,  fol- 
lowing which  he  taught  a  school  during  1894-96,  when  not  in  col- 
lege ;  was  instructor  in  history,  English,  and  mathematics,  1896-97 ; 
assistant  librarian,  1897-98;  during  1899-1900  was  engaged  at  the 
Alabama  Polytechnic  institute ;  lecturer  in  history  at  Columbia  uni- 
versity, 1902-03;  professor  of  history  in  West  Virginia  university 
from  1903  to  1907 ;  since  the  latter  date  connected  with  the  faculty 
of  Louisiana  state  university.  Prof.  Fleming  was  an  officer  of  the 
3d  Alabama  Volunteer  infantry  during  1898-99,  and  served  with 
the  troops  during  the  Spanish-American  war.  During  the  latter 
part  of  this  time  he  served  as  quartermaster  of  the  field  hospital 
corps,  2d  division  4th  army  corps,  1899.  The  Professor  is  affiliated 
with  the  Democratic  party.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Alabama,  Louis- 
iana, Mississippi,  and  Mississippi  Valley  Historical  societies,  Ameri- 
can Historical  association,  American  Political  Science  association. 
National  Geographical  society,  and  various  other  similar  organiza- 
tions. He  is  one  of  the  editortj  of  the  Historians'  History  of  the 
World;  editor  Lester  &  Wilson's  History  of  the  Ku  Klux  Klan, 
1905;  Documentary  History  of  Reconstruction  (2  volumes),  1906- 
07 ;  editor-in-chief  of  section  5,  The  South  in  the  Building  of  the 
Nation  (12  volumes) ;  contributor  of  historical  articles  to  Encyclo- 
pedia Americana,  Encyclopedia  Brittannica,  Nelson's  Encyclo- 
pedia, Cyclopedia  of  American  Government,  Photograpliic  History 
of  the  Civil  War,  and  a  contributor  of  historical  papers  and  reviews 
to  various  publications.  Prof.  Fleming  is  now  engaged  in  research 
work  in  connection  with  American  social  and  economic  history, 
especially  in  the  Southern  states,  and  has  in  course  of  preparation 
a  biography  of  Jefferson  Davis.  He  is  author  of  Reconstruction  of 
the  Seceded  States,  1905 ;  Civil  War  and  Reconstruction  in  Ala- 
bama, 1905;  History  of  Louisiana  State  University,  1911;  William 
Tecumseh  Sherman  as  College  President,  1912.  Prof.  Fleming 
resides  at  Baton  Rouge,  La. 

Ford,  William  Mason,  one  of  Shreveport's  progressive  business 
men,  engaged  in  the  insurance  business,  was  born  in  this  city,  Dec. 
30,  1875.     He  is  a  son  of  the  late  Richard  W.  Ford,  who  was  a 


164  LOUISIANA 

native  of  Alabama,  from  which  state  he  removed  with  his  father 
to  Gilmer,  Tex.,  when  he  was  a  mere  boy.  He  grew  to  manhood  in 
the  Lone  Star  state  and  with  the  coming  on  of  the  Civil  war  cast 
his  lot  with  the  Confederacy  and  served  as  a  gallant  soldier.  Just 
after  the  close  of  the  war,  Richard  W.  Ford  became  a  clerk  in  a 
mercantile  house  at  Shreveijort.  A  while  later  he  became  a  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  Gregg  &  Ford,  general  merchants  and  cotton 
factors,  with  which  he  was  identified  until  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred in  1880.  He  was  a  successful  business  man  and  a  prominent 
factor  in  commercial  life  of  Shreveport,  where  he  was  held  in 
highest  esteem  as  a  citizen.  He  was  an  active  member  of  the 
Masonic  fraternity  and  in  public  measures  manifested  a  spirit  of 
progress.  In  Marshall,  Tex.,  he  married  Josephine  Mason,  whose 
father  was  a  prominent  lawyer  and  planter  in  Texas,  where  his 
daughter  was  born.  Five  children  were  born  unto  Richard  W. 
Ford  and  wife,  namely,  Hattie,  the  wife  of  J.  D.  Hereford,  of  Dal- 
las, Tex. ;  James  P.,  a  prominent  business  man  and  citizen  of  New 
Orleans;  Richard  W.,  Jr.,  who  died  at  the  age  of  26  years;  William 
Mason,  whose  name  introduces  this  personal  sketch,  and  Josephine 
(Josie),  wife  of  R.  C.  Townes,  of  Phillips,  Miss.  The  Methodist 
Episcopal  church  was  the  faith  of  the  parents.  The  mother  is  now 
residing  in  Shrevepoi't.  William  Mason  Ford  was  reared  in  his 
native  city,  where  he  was  educated  in  Thatcher's  Military  institute. 
Closing  his  school  days,  Mr.  Ford  spent  the  next  3  years  of  his  life 
as  a  mercantile  clerk  in  Shreveport.  He  then  engaged,  Jan.  1,  1896, 
in  the  fire  insurance  business  with  the  fii'm  of  Jas.  P.  Ford  &  Co., 
now  Penick  &  Ford  Insurance  Agency,  of  which  W.  S.  Peniek  is 
president ;  J.  P.  Ford,  vice-president,  and  William  M.  Ford,  secre- 
tary, treasurer  and  manager.  Mr.  Ford,  since  becoming  identified 
with  this  firm  has  been  its  general  manager  and  under  his  manage- 
ment the  company  has  experienced  a  rapid  increase  of  business  and 
today  ranks  among  the  leaders  of  northern  Louisiana  in  the  field  of 
fire  insurance.  Mr.  Ford  is  a  member  of  the  Shreveport  Golf  and 
Country  club  and  the  Presbyterian  church.  In  1905  he  married 
Miss  Cornelia  Ahlum,  a  native  of  New  Jersey. 

Pormento,  William  Joseph,  lawyer  and  notary,  was  born  in  the 
city  of  New  Orleans,  Feb.  26,  1869,  and  is  a  son  of  the  late  distin- 
guished physician  and  surgeon,  Felix  Formento.  His  mother  bore 
the  maiden  name  of  Celestine  Voorhies.  His  father  was  born  in 
New  Orleans,  March  16, 1837,  and  died  here  on  the  4th  of  June,  1907, 
and  was  a  son  of  Dr.  Felix  and  Palmire  (Lauve)  Formento.  The 
senior  Dr.  Formento  was  born  in  Turin,  Italy,  and  graduated  in 
Medicine  at  the  Royal  academy  at  Turin,  and  then  came  to  this 
country  in  company  with  Jean  Lafitte,  a  prominent  character  in 
early  Louisiana  history.  He  settled  in  New  Orleans,  where  he 
practiced  mi>dicine  and  surgery  with  success  until  just  after  the 
Civil  war,  then  I'eturning  to  his  native  land,  where  he  died  at  the 
age  of  98  years.  His  son,  the  junior  Dr.  Felix  Formento,  also  grad- 
uated in  medicine  from  Royal  academy  of  Turin,  and  was  other- 
wise highly  educated,  being  able  to  speak  6  languages.  He  served 
in  the  Austrian  and  Italian  war  on  the  medical  corps  of  the  Italian 
emperor;  later  took  a  postgraduate  course  in  the  University  of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  165 

Paris,  and  then  returned  to  New  Orleans  on  the  outbreak  of  the 
war  of  secession,  in  which  lie  served  with  distinction  as  a  sur- 
geon. He  aided  in  the  organization  of  the  Confederate  hospital  at 
Richmond,  Va.,  and  at  the  age  of  24  was  chief  of  staff  for  this  hos- 
pital. The  war  closed,  Dr.  Formento  located  in  New  Orleans,  where 
he  rose  to  prominence  in  his  profession.  For  12  years  he  was  vice- 
president  of  the  Louisiana  state  board  of  health ;  was  the  author  of 
"School  Hygiene,"  "Abuse  of  Alcoholic  Drinks"  and  other  valu- 
able publications.  He  was  a  recognized  authority  and  expert  in 
the  treatment  of  yellow  fever ;  was  a  vice-president  of  the  interna- 
tional medical  congress  held  at  Geneva,  Italy,  and  was  president 
of  the  American  Public  Health  association  at  a  meeting  held  in 
Mexico  in  1894.  He  was  a  pioneer  in  the  matter  of  skin-grafting, 
performing  his  first  skin-grafting  during  the  Civil  war.  His 
wife  was  a  daughter  of  Bennett  Pcmberton  Voorhies  and  Aze- 
lia  (Gradenigo)  Voorhies.  The  Voorhies  family  is  of  Dutch 
origin,  came  from  the  state  of  New  York  to  Louisiana,  and 
is  one  of  the  most  prominent  of  this  state.  The  Gradenigo 
family  is  Venetian  in  origin,  and  has  long  been  a  prominent 
Louisiana  family.  Celestine  (Voorhies)  Formento  was  born  in 
Louisiana.  William  Joseph  Formento,  who  name  introduces 
this  sketch,  was  reared  in  New  Orleans,  where  he  received 
his  preliminary  education  preparatory  to  entering  the  University 
of  Louisiana.  Later  he  attended  for  2  years  the  University  of  New 
York,  and  then  entered  Springhill  college  (Alabama),  from  which 
he  received  his  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1889,  and  his  degree  of  A.  M.  in 
1891.  From  Tulane  university  Mr.  Formento  obtained  the  degree 
of  bachelor  of  laws  in  1892,  since  which  date  he  has  practiced  law 
in  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Formento  has  never  sought  political  prefer- 
ment. In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  but  is  not  a  partisan.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  of  the  Chess,  Check- 
ers and  Whist  club.  In  1908  Mr.  Formento  and  Miss  Laurence 
Lange  were  united  in  marriage. 

Fort,  Dr.  Abbott  K.,  D.  D.  S.,  Lake  Charles,  La.,  was  born  in 
Mobile  county,  Ala.,  Axig.  5,  1875;  son  of  Almanza  and  Jane  (Tip- 
pin)  Fort,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Alabama  and  the  latter 
in  Mississippi.  In  early  life  the  father  was  interested  in  timber 
transactions,  but  later  became  a  planter,  to  which  vocation  he  is 
at  this  time  devoting  his  abilities,  living  at  Grand  Bay,  Ala.  His 
wife  died  in  1906.  The  ancestors  of  the  Fort  family  in  Louisiana 
came  originally  from  North  Carolina.  Abbott  K.  Fort  was  the 
last  of  4  children  born  to  his  parents,  these  being,  in  order  of  their 
birth,  as  follows:  L.  L.,  merchant;  M.  A.,  physician;  Dora,  wife  of 
J.  F.  Sellers  of  Macon,  Ga.,  president  of  Mercer  university  of  that 
place ;  Abbott  K.  Fort,  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  The  2  first 
named  reside  at  Grand  Bay,  Ala.  The  last-named  attended  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born,  following  which 
he  entered  Mississippi  college,  Clinton,  Miss.,  from  which  in  due 
time  he  gi-aduated.  Later  he  entered  Atlanta  (Ga.)  Dental  college, 
from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in  the  class  of 
1895.  Following  the  completion  of  his  education  he  passed  3  or  4  years 
as  a  teacher  in  the  college,  after  which  he  practiced  1  year  in  Mis- 


166  LOUISIANA 

sissippi.  Ill  1901  he  located  at  Lake  Charles  and  has  been  engaged 
in  dental  practice  in  that  city  since  that  time.  Dr.  Fort  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Louisiana  State  Dental  and  the  National  Dental  societies, 
the  Southern  Dental  and  the  International  Dental  associations, 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Baptist  church 
at  Lake  Charles.    Dr.  Fort  is  not  married  at  this  time. 

Fortier,  Edward  Joseph,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  on  Dec. 
9,  1SS3,  the  son  of  the  late  distinguished  professor  and  educator, 
Alcee  Fortier,  who  for  35  years  occupied  the  chair  of  romance  lan- 
guages at  Tulane  universitj-,  and  of  Marie  Lanauze,  daughter  of  a 
well-known  New  Orleans  merchant.  From  this  union  were  born 
4  other  children :  James  J.  A.,  a  prominent  young  lawyer ;  J.  Frank 
and  CTilbert  J.,  Tulane  university  students,  and  1  daughter,  Jeanne. 
On  Sept.  11,  1906,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  mai-ried  to  Marie 
Tricou  of  an  old  Louisiana  family.  On  March  3,  1912,  in  New  York 
city,  there  was  born  to  them  a  daughter,  Alida-Marie,  who  is  the 
8th  generation  in  direct  line  from  the  St.  Malo  colonists  born 
in  the  United  States,  and  the  first  in  that  long  line  to  be  born  out- 
side of  Louisiana.  After  attending  French  private  schools  in  New 
Orleans,  Edward  J.  Fortier  was  prepared  for  college  at  L.  C.  Fer- 
rell's  preparatory  school  and  entered  Tulane  university  in  1900, 
where  he  was  graduated  in  1904  with  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts. 
Immediately  after  he  began  bettering  himself  for  his  life's  work, 
namely,  that  of  teaching.  Under  the  guidance,  among  others,  of 
Profs.  A.  jM.  Elliott  and  E.  C.  Armstrong,  he  pursued  higher  studies 
for  2  years  in  romance  languages  at  the  Johns  Hopkins  university, 
after  which  he  formally  entered  into  the  career  of  an  educator,  fol- 
lowing in  the  footsteps  of  his  distinguished  father,  by  being  called 
to  Yale  to  teach  French.  Rising  rapidly  to  a  higher  rank  in  his 
chosen  profession,  Mr.  Fortier  was  called  to  the  University  of  Illi- 
nois, where  he  taught  French  for  3  years  and  devoted  some  of  his 
leisure  time  to  further  studies  in  old  French  with  Prof.  Raymond 
Weeks.  He  was  then  called  again  to  the  East  and  accepted  a  posi- 
tion of  great  importance  at  Columbia  university,  where  he  is  now 
located  and  Avhere  ho  has  done  special  research  work  under  Profs. 
Cohn  and  Todd.  His  success  there  has  been  so  marked  that  he 
has  been  offered  numerous  positions  in  vai-ious  institutions  of  learn- 
ing, 2  of  which  are  in  the  South.  Mr.  Fortier  has  taught  French  at 
Notre  Dame  of  Maryland  and  in  the  Tulane  Summer  school,  giving 
in  both  these  institutions  short  courses  of  6  and  9  weeks,  respect- 
ively. He  is  a  frequent  lecturer  in  outside  institutions  and  during 
the  la.st  summers  of  1913  and  1914  he  has  lectured  on  French  litera- 
ture at  the  Lake  Champlain  Summer  assembly,  which  is  better 
known  as  the  Catholic  Summer  school  of  America.  Besides  his 
teaching  and  further  research,  he  has  held  numerous  positions  of 
trust  at  the  various  miiversities  with  which  he  had  been  connected. 
At  Yale  he  was  secretary  of  the  Modern  Language  club  and  mem- 
ber of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Connecticut  Modern  Lan- 
guage association.  At  Illinois  he  was  secretary  of  the  faculty  of  lit- 
erature and  arts  and  secretary  of  the  modern  language  department 
and  faculty  director  of  the  French  club  and  college  adviser  to  stu- 
dents.   At  Columbia,  college  adviser  of  students  and  in  charge  of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  167 

honor  work  in  the  romance  department,  a  member  of  the  Romance 
Language  club  and  a  member  of  other  literary  societies.  He  has 
read  papers  at  meetings  of  the  Modern  Language  association  of 
America  held  at  the  University  of  Ohio,  also  papers  at  the  meetings 
held  at  the  Universities  of  Chicago  and  Iowa.  He  has  published  in 
the  transactions  of  the  Illinois  State  Historical  association  a  paper 
based  ujjon  hitherto  unpublished  French  letters:  "The  Founding  of 
the  Tamanois  Mission";  he  presented  a  long  monograph  at  the 
first  congress  of  French  lettei-s  held  in  Quebec  in  1912,  at  which 
memorable  gathering  there  were  delegates  from  all  the  French 
speaking  sections  of  Amei-ica.  This  monograph,  somewhat  enlarged, 
is  about  to  appear  under  the  title,  "French  Letters  in  Louisiana," 
in  the  transactions  "of  the  congress.  He  is  now  preparing  a  book 
on  the  French  literature  of  Louisiana.  He  has  read  several  papers 
at  various  special  meetings  of  Romance  Language  clubs  in  various 
universities.  Among  various  activities,  he  is  reader  in  French  for 
the  college  entrance  examination  board;  contributing  editor  to  the 
French  review,  "Le  Pense  de  France";  official  delegate  to  the 
"Federation  de  1 'Alliance  Franeaise"  ;  member  of  the  Tulane  Alumni 
association;  Phi  Delta  Theta  fraternitj^;  Modern  Language  asso- 
ciation of  America;  Louisiana  State  Historical  society;  Columbia 
"University  Faculty  club,  and  a  subscriber  to  a  proposed  American 
national  biography,  and  to  numerous  reviews  on  literary  and  peda- 
gogical subjects.  Now  31  years  of  age,  Mr.  Fortier  occupies  an 
enviable  position  among  the  members  of  his  profession.  His  rise 
has  been  rapid  and  his  reputation  as  a  scholar  is  already  firmly 
established  in  the  literary  world. 

Fortier,  James  Joseph  Alcee,  was  born  on  July  15,  1890,  in  New 
Orleans,  and  is  the  second  son  of  the  late  noted  educator  and  his- 
torian, Alcee  Fortier,  and  of  Marie  Lanauze,  daughter  of  Adolph 
Lanauze,  a  prominent  figure  in  the  commercial  activities  of  New 
Orleans  in  the  sixties.  After  obtaining  his  early  education  at  a 
private  school  and  at  the  College  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  the 
subject  of  this  sketch  entered  the  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana 
and  in  1909  obtained  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts.  Having 
chosen  the  law  as  his  profession,  he  entered  the  law  department 
of  Tulane,  securing  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  laws  in  May,  1912, 
although  he  had  already  been  admitted  to  the  bar  in  December  of 
1911.  Prior  to  his  graduation,  during  the  recesses  of  Tulane,  Mr. 
Fortier  pursued  courses  in  other  universities,  studying  government 
and  constitutional  law  at  Harvard  in  the  summer  of  1908,  and  tak- 
ing special  courses  in  bankruptcy  and  property  at  the  Columbia 
university  law  school  in  1910.  As  a  student  Mr.  Fortier  was  very 
active  in  all  matters  appertaining  to  student  activities  and  was  one 
of  the  most  prominent  among  his  college  mates.  He  began  to  practice 
his  profession  in  the  office  of  Congres.sman  Dupre  and  of  Mr.  G.  L. 
Dupre,  Jr.  (Dupre  &  Dupre),  where  he  remained  until  March,  1913, 
when  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Mr.  Abner  C.  Chappuis  and  Mr. 
J.  C.  Menefee  under  the  name  of  Chappuis,  Menefee  &  Fortier,  with 
offices  in  the  Weis  building.  Sept.  2,  1913,  Mr.  Fortier  was  mar- 
ried by  Archbishop  Blenk  to  Marie  Rose  Gelpi,  a  member  of  a 
very  prominent  old  Creole  family  of  New  Orleans.     Interested  in 


168  LOUISIANA 

many  fields  of  activity,  Mr.  Fortier  has  been  a  member  of  the  fac- 
ulty of  the  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana,  where  he  taught  for 
4  years,  at  the  same  time  being  one  of  the  leaders  in  the  athletic 
matters  of  the  university  and  president  of  the  Tulane  Athletic  asso- 
ciation and  a  member  of  the  Tulane  Alumni  association,  as  well 
as  a  member  of  the  Phi  Delta  Theta  fraternity,  of  the  Legal  fra- 
ternit}'.  Phi  Delta  Phi,  and  of  the  Theta  Nu  Epsilon  society.  Inter- 
ested also  in  literary  matters,  he  is  a  member  of  the  Athenee  Louis- 
ianais,  a  society  of  which  his  father  was  president  for  many  years, 
and  which  has  rendered  great  services  to  the  French  cause,  which 
Mr.  James  Fortier,  like  his  father,  has  greatly  at  heart,  belonging 
as  he  does  to  "L 'Union  Franeaise"  and  "Le  Souvenir  Franeais. " 
Interested  in  history,  he  is  a  very  active  member  of  the  Louisiana 
Historical  society  and  is  the  secretary  of  the  general  committee  of 
this  society  to  celebrate  the  anniversary  of  the  Battle  of  New  Or- 
leans in  Jan.,  1915.  In  civic  affairs  he  is  now  a  member  of  the 
Association  of  Commerce  and  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Pub- 
lic School  alliance.  In  politics,  Mr.  Fortier  was  the  secretary  of  the 
recent  successful  congressional  campaign  of  Congressman  Dupre. 
The  duties  of  the  legal  profession  and  his  membership  in  the  Louis- 
iana Bar  association,  along  with  his  political  and  other  numerous 
activities  in  which  he  is  interested,  make  Mr.  Fortier  one  of  the 
prominent  young  men  of  this  community. 

Fortier,  Amedee,  of  New  Orleans  and  Jefferson  pai-ish,  rice 
planter,  was  born  Dec.  1,  1851,  at  Waggaman,  parish  of  Jefferson, 
Louisiana,  the  son  of  Eugene  and  Noelie  (Drouet)  Fortier,  both 
natives  of  the  parish  of  Jefferson  and  owners  of  the  plantation 
which  is  still  in  the  possession  of  their  descendants.  Eugene  Fortier 
was  a  soldier  in  the  Southern  army  during  the  Civil  war  of  1861-65, 
having  served  as  a  gunner  in  the  Pelican  battery,  and  having  been 
in  several  battles,  among  which  were  those  of  Bisland,  Mansfield 
and  Pleasant  Hill.  His  father,  Eugene  Fortier,  and  his  wife's 
father,  Edmond  Drouet,  were  with  the  Louisiana  troops  that  formed 
part  of  the  army  under  Gen.  Andrew  Jackson  at  the  battle  of  New 
Orleans  in  1815,  when  the  British  invaders,  commanded  by  Gen. 
Pakenham,  were  defeated  by  the  American  forces.  Amedee  Fortier 
completed  his  education  at  Jefferson  college,  Convent,  parish  of  St. 
James,  Louisiana.  After  leaving  college  he  returned  to  Jefferson 
parish  and  engaged  in  rice  planting.  He  has  followed  that  occupa- 
tion ever  since  on  the  old  homestead.  Mr.  Fortier  married,  Aug.  25, 
1875,  Miss  Louise  Soniat,  daughter  of  Theodore  and  Amenaide  (La 
Branehe)  Soniat  of  Jefferson  parish.  Some  years  after  his  mar- 
riage Mr.  Fortier  moved  his  family  to  New  Orleans  in  order  to 
attend  to  the  ediication  of  his  children,  still  continuing  to  attend 
to  his  rice  planting.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Fortier  have  6  children — Louise' 
jM.,  wife  of  W.  J.  Nelson  of  iVIoliile,  Ala. ;  Noelie,  Amenaide,  Edvige; 
Eugene  L.,  whose  record  is  published  in  this  volume,  and  Lucicn  A., 
who  is  a  physician,  residing  in  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Fortier  has  always 
been  a  nu^mber  of  the  Democratic  party,  and  in  religion  is  a  follower 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  faith.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  order  of  the 
Knights  of  Honor. 

Fortier,    Eugene    L.,    D.  D.  S.,    of  New  Orleans,  was  born  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  169 

Jefferson  parish,  La.,  Feb.  23,  1887,  the  son  of  Amedee  and  Louise 
(Soniat)  Fortier,  both  natives  of  the  parish  of  Jefferson.  Amedee  s 
father,  Eugene  Fortier,  and  mother,  Noelie  (Drouet)  Fortun-,  were 
descendants  of  the  French  colonial  settlers  of  Louisiana.  The  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  after  studying  in  private  and  public  schools, 
including  the  University  school  of  New  Orleans,  from  which  he 
graduated,  entered  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry.  He 
received  his  diploma  and  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in  1908,  and  immediately 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession.  Dr.  Fortier  is  lecturer  in  the 
dental  department  of  Tulane  university.  In  politics  he  is  a  Demo- 
crat, and  in  religion  a  Roman  Catholic.  (For  ample  information 
about  Dr.  Fortier 's  family,  see  the  biography  of'his  father,  Amedee, 

in  this  book.)  ^     ,         ,  .  ,     t 

Fortier,  James  P.,  D.  D.  S.,  of  Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish.  La., 
was  born  in  Donaldsonville,  Ascension  parish,  Aug.  4,  1886,  the  son 
of  James  J.  Fortier,  a  native  of  that  town   (Nov.  8,  1859),  and 
Ludivine  (Maillet)  Fortier,  who  was  born  in  Donaldsonville,  Sept. 
15,  1860.    Both  are  living  at.  the  place  of  their  birth.    The  Fortier 
family  history  in  Louisiana  begins  with  the  early  French  colonial 
period  of  the  state,  only  a  few  years  after  Bienville  founded  the  city 
of   New    Orleans   in   the   beginning   of  the   18th   century.     From 
pioneer  days  to  the  present  time  the  Fortiers  have  been  closely 
identified  with  the  best  interests  of  Louisiana,   and  have  distin- 
guished themselves  in  the  public,  professional  life  of  New  Orleans 
and  of  the  state.     Lestang  and  Erma   (Brand)   Fortier,  paternal 
grandparents  of  James  P.  Fortier,  were  natives  of  Donaldsonville ; 
and  his  maternal  grandfather  was  born  in  Bordeaux,  France.    Les- 
tang Fortier  was  an  officer  in  the  Confederate  army  during  the 
Civil  war,  1861-1865,  serving  3  years   as  lieutenant  in   a  Louisi- 
ana regiment.    He  was,  for  many  years,  in  mercantile  business  in 
Donaldsonville.     The  subject  of  this  sketch  having  gone  through 
his  preliminary  studies  in  his  native  town,  attended  St.  Joseph's 
Commercial  institute  in  Donaldsonville,  and  next  studied  at  Je_f- 
ferson   college,    Convent,    St.   James   parish,   Louisiana,    1900-1905; 
the  year  following  he  entered  Philadelphia  Dental  college,  remain- 
ing there  2  years;  then  returning  to  Louisiana  and  mati'iculating 
in  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry,  which  now  is  part  of 
Tulane  university,  and  graduated  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in 
1908.     Dr.  Fortier  began  practicing  his  profession  in  Donaldson- 
ville after  his  graduation,  and  in  April,  1910,  went  to  reside  in 
Thibodaux.     In  professional  and  fraternal  life  the  doctor  is  con- 
nected with  the  Louisiana  State  and  the  Third  District  Dental  soci- 
eties, the  Knights  of  Columbus,  the  Catholic  Knights  of  America 
and  with  the  dental  fraternity.  Gamma  chapter,  Xi  Psi  Phi.     Fol- 
lowing modern  methods  in  his  professional  work  and  having  an 
office  equipment  strictly  up  to  date.  Dr.  Fortier  has  taken  rank 
with  the  able  and  distinguished  dentists  of  the  state  of  Louisiana. 
Feb.  1,  1912,  he  married  Miss  Nita  Foret  of  Thibodaux,  daughter  of 
the  late  Justillan  Foret  and  Eliska  (Breaux)  Foret,  who  were  ex- 
tensively interested  in  sugar  planting  in  Lafourche  parish.     Since 
the  death  of  Mr.  Foret  the  business  has  been  conducted  under  the 
name  of  "Mrs.  Justillan  Foret  and  Sons."     Dr.  Fortier  and  wife 


170  LOUISIANA 

have  one  son,  James  P.  Fortier,  Jr.,  born  Nov.  23,  1912.    The  family- 
are  membere  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church. 

Foster,  James  Martin,  born  in  Monroe  county,  Ala.,  April  25, 
1831,  was  a  son  of  Flaval  and  Mary  (Hollingsworth)  Poster,  and 
when  about  10  years  of  age  was  brought  to  Caddo  parish.  La., 
where  his  parents  settled  and  the  father  engaged  in  planting.  The 
son,  James,  completed  his  scholastic  education  at  the  Western  Mili- 
tary institute,  Drennon  Springs,  Ky.,  and  after  taking  his  diploma 
in  civil  engineering  young  Foster  set  about  putting  his  theoretical 
knoM'ledge  into  practice  hj  entering  the  employ  of  a  railroad,  in 
the  construction  department.  Not  long  after,  yielding  to  the  solici- 
tude of  his  parents,  he  returned  to  his  home,  where  ho  engaged  in 
agricultural  pursuits.  Upon  the  death  of  his  father  in  1859,  he 
assumed  charge  of  the  planting  interests.  When  in  1861  the  call 
to  arms  in  defense  of  the  South  rang  out  through  the  land,  his 
first  impulse  was  to  go  to  the  front.  His  patriotism,  his  military 
training,  his  fitness  for  leadership,  all  pointed  to  a  military  career, 
but  his  brothers  having  joined  the  army,  duty,  ever  the  polar  star 
of  his  conduct,  bade  him  stay  to  look  after  the  helpless  and 
needy,  the  women  and  children,  whose  support  had  been  taken  from 
home.  How  faithfully  he  performed  this  duty  is  attested  by  the 
beneficiaries  of  his  work.  His  plantation  on  the  border  line  of 
Louisiana  and  Texas,  was  called  the  "New  Egypt."  Its  bins  and 
cribs  were  overflowing  with  corn,  and  the  smokehouse  bursting 
with  bacon  cured  under  his  supervision.  It  was  the  Mecca  of 
the  poor  and  need}'  for  a  circuit  of  many  miles,  and  to  them  was 
given  without  money  and  without  price.  When  Gen.  Bank's  army 
came  up  the  Red  river  Mr.  Foster  was  one  of  the  foremost  to 
shoulder  a  musket  and  go  forward  to  meet  the  invaders.  After 
the  battle  of  Mansfield  his  home  was  a  refuge  for  the  sick  and 
wounded  soldiers,  who  were  tenderly  cared  for  until  well  enough 
to  return  to  their  homes.  When  the  war  ended,  nothing  daunted, 
he  set  about  retrieving  his  fortunes.  He  became  one^of  the  largest 
and  mo.st  successful  cotton  planters  in  the  state  of  Louisiana.  Asso- 
ciated with  him  in  his  plantation  interests  was  his  younger  brother, 
the  late  Capt.  C.  J.  Foster  of  Shreveport.  They  owned  and  oper- 
ated a  vast  tract  of  land  in  the  rich  Red  River  valley  near  Shreve- 
port, which  embraced  several  fine  plantations,  and  upon  which 
they  frequently  made  more  than  3,000  bales  of  cotton  in  a  single 
year.  In  private  life  he  was  a  shrewd  business  man  whose  integ- 
rity, industry  and  thrift  not  only  made  him  successful  in  every 
sense  of  the  word,  but  also  a  man  of  great  influence  for  good  in 
his  community.  The  name  of  Capt.  James  M.  Foster,  as  he  was 
familiarly  known  to  all  of  his  friends,  will  go  down  in  the  annals 
of  Louisiana  as  one  of  the  most  powerful  political  factors  who 
ever  dwelt  in  tlie  state,  despite  the  fact  that  throughout  his  entire 
career  he  remained,  out  of  choice,  in  practical  retirement,  accept- 
ing no  public  office  of  any  kind,  with  the  exception  of  a  few  minor 
trusts  imposed  on  him  by  his  fellow  men,  relating  to  the  affairs 
of  his  parish  and  state,  from  the  burden  of  which  he  had  no  desire 
to  escape,  believing  it  to  be  his  duty  as  a  citizen  to  assume  and 
perform  his  full  share  of  such  responsibilities.    He  was  one  of  the 


JaME!^  MaKTIN    KilSTKK 


ELEANOR    LONG    FOSTER 


BIOGRAPHICAL  171 

best  known  men  in  Louisiana,  wlio  wielded  an  influence  in  the 
affairs  of  both  the  state  and  nation.  He  was  a  leader,  who  led 
men  by  wise  counsel  and  with  foresight  and  wisdom.  He  gave  of 
his  time  and  energies  toward  putting  down  the  evils  of  the  recon- 
struction davs  following  the  Civil  war;  bore  a  prominent  part  in 
the  long  and  bitter  fight  which  resiilted  in  the  downfall  of  the 
Louisiana  Lottery  company  in  1892,  in  which  he  stood  opposed  to 
the  lottery  company.  The  story  of  his  life,  so  strenuous  m  its  en- 
deavor, so  high  in  its  ideals  of  right,  so  persistent  in  its  loyalty 
to  rectitude  and  country  and  to  God,  is  a  rich  heritage  to  his  fam- 
ily, his  children  and  grandchildren.  His  life  was  diligent,  many- 
sided  in  its  activities,  and  never  stopped  growing  and  expanding 
until  brought  to  an  end  by  death,  Dec.  11, 1900.  In  his  domestic  life 
Capt.  Foster  was  equally  fortunate  and  blessed.  In  1859  he  was 
married  to  Miss  Eleanor  Long. 

Foster,  Mrs.  James  M.,  nee  Eleanor  Long,  was  one  of  the  most 
distinguished  and  brilliant  women  of  Louisiana.  She  was  born 
at  Natchitoches.  Her  father,  Dr.  William  Long,  was  a  native  of 
Ireland  and  graduate  of  Trinity  college,  Dublin.  Coming  to  Amer- 
ica before  he  had  reached  the  age  of  20,  he  graduated  from  a  Phila- 
delphia medical  college  and,  in  early  manhood,  came  to  Louisiana 
and  located  in  Natchitoches  for  the  practice  of  medicine.  Later 
he  became  extensively  engaged  in  planting  and  merchandising  at 
Natchitoches.  He  married  there  in  1840  Miss  Emily  C.  Boggs,  a 
native  of  Berkeley  county,  Va.,  and  a  member  of  a  prominent 
Virginia  family,  being  the  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  John  Boggs, 
a  distinguished  Presbyterian  divine  and  a  graduate  of  Princeton 
university.  On  her  maternal  side,  Mrs.  Foster  was  a  direct  de- 
scendant" of  Col.  Ellis  Cooke,  who  commanded  a  battalion  in  the 
Revolutionary  war,  and  who  was  a  warm  personal  friend  of  George 
Washington.  Her  mother  died  when  she  was  a  small  child,  and 
she  and  her  only  brother,  John  Long,  were  the  tender  charges, 
in  their  childhood,  of  a  devoted  aunt,  who  rendered  valuable  aid 
to  Dr.  Long  in  his  care  of  his  motherless  children.  When  quite  a 
young  girl  Mrs.  Poster  was  sent  to  Mansfield  college,  then  one  of 
the  leading  institutions  of  the  South.  From  this  college  she  was 
graduated  with  distinguished  honors.  When  barely  17  years  of 
age  she  became  the  bride  of  the  late  James  M.  Foster,  at  that  time 
a'^prominent  young  planter  of  Caddo  parish.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Foster 
lived  for  a  number  of  years  on  the  plantation,  and  3  children  were 
born  unto  them,  and  when  the  time  came  to  think  of  their  educa- 
tion the  parents  removed  to  Shreveport  to  live,  and  took  up  their 
abode  at  "Curraghmuir,"  the  well-known  Poster  home,  which  was 
for  years  the  center  of  delightful  hospitality.  Eleven  children  were 
borii  unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Foster,  and  here  at  "Curraghmuir"  Mrs. 
Poster  "sang  to  her  nest,"  devoting  her  time  and  wonderful  tal- 
ents to  the  upbringing  of  her  children,  who  were  destined  to  be- 
come identified  with  the  highest  social  and  literary  life  of  Louis- 
iana and  other  states.  Mrs.  Foster  was  a  woman  of  many  bril- 
liant accomplishments,  whose  keen  wit  and  great  social  experience 
made  her  notable  in  any  company.  She  was  forceful  and  of  a 
judicial  temperament,  yet  not  one  of  those  unpleasantly  aggres- 


172  LOUISIANA 

sive  women.  Her  decision  of  character  and  modest  insistence  made 
it  easy  for  her  to  accomplish  her  ends  in  her  club  work,  at  those 
periods  of  decided  difference  which  sometimes  arise.  Hers  was 
an  influence  always  recognized  in  adjustment  and  pacification. 
Her  services  were  not  confined  to  local  movements;  she  was  well 
known  in  state  and  national  assemblies.  She  addressed  the  Cxeorge 
Washington  society  as  the  president  for  Louisiana  at  its  national 
meeting,  and  made  a  well  remembered  address  in  New  York  to 
the  Sorosis  club,  of  which  she  was  a  distinguished  guest.  She  was 
the  first  president  of  Hypatia  club,  the  first  club  established  in 
North  Louisiana,  and  the  first  president  of  the  Federation  of 
Women's  clubs  of  Louisiana,  the  first  regent  of  the  Pelican  chap- 
ter, D.  A.  R.,  of  Shreveport,  and  she  was  the  vice-state  regent  of  the 
Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution.  Mrs.  Foster  was  an  ardent 
Daughter  of  the  Confederac}',  and  for  a  number  of  years  she  was 
president  of  the  Home  for  the  Homeless  at  Shreveport.  Her  great- 
est and  proudest  work  was  founding  the  Old  Ladies '  home,  and  real- 
izing the  crowning  success  of  her  efforts  toward  erecting  the  build- 
ing which  now  serves  as  their  abiding  place  at  Shreveport.  It 
was  at  her  request  that  generous  donors  made  this  home  possible. 
She  was  closely  connected  with  every  literary,  educational,  civic 
and  charitable  enterpi-ise  of  her  home  city.  She  graced  few  social 
functions,  as  her  charity  and  home  work  kept  her  wholly  occupied, 
but  whenever  she  did  attend,  no  matter  what  the  affair  or  its  char- 
acter, she  was  always  one  of  the  accepted  and  honored  guests.  Like 
a  grande  dame  of  the  olden  times,  she  commanded  attention  with- 
out commanding  it;  she  ruled  without  ruling.  This  remarkable 
woman  and  devoted  mother  of  11  children  was  an  inspiration,  a 
helper,  broad  in  sympathy,  optimistic  in  temperament,  fair  of 
face  and  mind  and  heart.  In  youth  there  stretched  before  her 
great  promise  which  the  fruitful  years  fulfilled.  Hers  was  an 
urgent  life,  and  she  met  its  multitudinous  demands  with  the  cour- 
tesy of  one  to  the  manor  born  and  the  graciousness  of  the  Christian 
gentlewoman.  She  died  at  her  home,  "Curraghmuir, "  Nov.  16, 
1910.  "She  passed  away  like  a  beautiful  flower,  whose  petals  one 
by  one  drop  at  the  touch  of  a  summer  zephyr."  Like  a  tired  child 
she  crept  into  her  Maker's  arms.  A  bride  at  17,  a  mother  at  18, 
when  she  felt  life  slipping  away  from  her  she  thought  not  of  honor 
or  glory  or  the  passing  show  of  this  world;  she  said:  "Let  me 
have  my  children  about  me."  When  she  had  gathered  them  once 
again  under  her  wings,  the  loving  heart  ceased  its  troubling  and 
the  spirit  ascended  up  to  the  heights.  Of  her  11  children  4  died 
in  childhood  and  7  reached  their  majority  and  5  .survive  her.  All 
of  them  have  attained  prominence  in  one  or  another  walk  of  life, 
and  all  acknowledge  their  debt  to  her  and  the  lessons  they  leanied 
at  her  knees.  One  of  her  sons,  Claiborne  Lee  Foster,  graduated  at 
West  Point  in  1888  and  died  in  1890.  He  was  one  of  4  cadet  cap- 
tains at  the  Academy  of  West  Point.  Another  son,  John  Gray 
Foster,  closely  followed  the  death  of  his  father  in  answering  the 
summons  of  death.  He  was  a  brilliant  young  man  of  great  promise. 
The  elder  of  the  2  living  sons  is  Hon.  William  Long  Foster.  He  is 
the  eldest  of  the  5  surviving  children  of  Mrs.  Foster.     He  is  a 


BIOGRAPHICAL  173 

prominont  cotton  planter  of  Caddo  parislr,  and  was  formerly 
railroad  commissioner  for  his  district  in  Louisiana.  A  personal 
sketch  of  the  younger  son,  now  living — Hon.  James  M.  Foster — 
immediately  follows  this  of  his  mother.  The  three  living  daughters 
of  Mrs.  Poster  are  Lucille,  the  wife  of  former  Governor  Benton  Mc- 
IMillin  of  Tennessee,  who  served  for  20  years  in  Congress  and  was 
the  author  of  the  income  tax  law  during  President  Cleveland's  ad- 
ministration, and  is  now  minister  to  Peru  under  the  appointment 
of  President  Wilson;  Mrs.  M.  E.  Foster-Comegys,  now  residing  in 
New  York  city,  has  3  daughters  who  have  histrionic  talent;  and 
T.  Olive  Foster,  now  living  in  Shreveport,  and  who  looks  after 
and  manages  a  plantation  which  she  inherited  from  her  father. 

Foster,  James  M.,  a  distinguished  member  of  the  Shreveport  bar, 
and  son  of  the  late  James  M.  and  Eleanor  (Long)  Foster,  was  born 
in  Shreveport,  La.,  Jan.  28,  1871,  and  was  educated  in  Thatcher's 
Militai'y  academy  at  Shreveport,  and  after  a  3  years'  course  in  the 
academic  department  of  the  University  of  Virginia,  entered  the 
law  department  of  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana  and  graduated 
therefrom  in  1893.  Immediately  after  he  began  the  practice  of 
law  at  Shreveport.  He  served  with  credit  as  a  member  of  the 
lower  house  of  the  Louisiana  general  assembly  from  1900  to  1904, 
and  in  the  latter  year  he  was  elected  district  attorney  for  the  first 
judicial  district,  and  held  the  position  for  8  j-ears,  his  service  in 
this  office  being  such  as  to  place  him  in  the  rank  of  the  ablest 
of  those  who  have  served  the  state  as  a  district  attorney.  In  1912 
he  was  a  delegate  to  the  national  Democratic  convention,  and  as 
the  representative  of  Louisiana  served  as  a  member  of  the  com- 
mittee that  notified  Woodrow  Wilson  of  his  nomination  for  Pres- 
ident. He  was  elected  an  alternate  delegate  to  the  national  Demo- 
cratic convention  in  1904,  and  in  all  the  years  of  his  manhood  Mr. 
Foster  has  been  active  in  behalf  of  the  Democratic  party.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  wholesale  grocery  firm  of  Foster-Glaswell  of 
Shreveport  and  in  the  affairs,  business,  professional  and  public,  in 
the  city  of  Shreveport  he  is  numbered  among  the  progressive  citi- 
zens. Fraternally  Mr.  Foster  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pyth- 
ias and  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  and  his  church 
faith  is  that  of  the  Presbyterian. 

Friedrichs,  Ephraim  Deneufbourg,  M.  D.,  New  Orleans,  was 
born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  March  3,  1877;  of  a  family  well  known 
in  Louisiana,  his  maternal  ancestors  being  among  the  earliest  resi- 
dents of  the  state.  Son  of  the  late  George  J.  Friedrichs,  M.  D., 
D.  D.  S.,  and  Louise  Natalie  Gaiennie ;  the  former  practiced  den- 
tistry and  acquired  an  international  reputation  in  his  profession. 
Six  children  were  born  to  their  union,  as  follows :  Andrew  G.,  dean 
Tulane  dental  department;  George  G.,  real  estate  dealer;  Carl  C, 
an  attorney;  Ephraim  D.,  Hickey  and  Camille,  the  2  latter  de- 
ceased. In  the  course  of  his  education  Ephraim  D.  Friedrichs  at- 
tended the  College  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  New  Orleans, 
from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  Following 
the  completion  of  his  studies  at  this  institution  he  entered  the  med- 
ical department  of  Tulane  university,  was  an  interne  in  the  Touro 
infirmary,   1898-99,   and  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.   D.   in 


174  LOUISIANA 

the  class  of  1900,  since  which  time  the  doctor  has  been  actively- 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans. 
Dr.  Friedrichs  was  resident  physician  at  the  New  Orleans  sanitar- 
ium in  1904,  resigned  in  1907.  He  holds  the  position  of  clinical 
assistant  to  the  chair  of  clinical  surgery  in  the  New  Orleans  poly- 
clinic (postgraduate  medical  school)  ;  is  also  an  instructor  in  the 
department  of  obstetrics,  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana ;  a  member 
of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  Orleans  parish,  and  Amer- 
ican Medical  associations.  Dr.  P'riedrichs  was  married  April  18, 
1912,  to  Miss  Lillian  Loeber,  daughter  of  the  late  Dr.  Frederick 
Loeber  and  Catherine  Humbrect.  Dr.  Loeber  was  one  of  the  most 
prominent  surgeons  of  the  state. 

FuUilove,  Samford  Christian,  of  Shreveport,  is  superintendent  of 
public  safety,  and  regarded  as  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  bar  of 
North  Louisiana.  He  was  born  Jan.  23,  1877,  in  Caddo  pai-ish,  the 
son  of  Thomas  Pope  and  Elizabeth  Jane  (Samford)  Fullilove.  Since 
the  year  1847  the  Fullilove  family  has  been  established  in  Caddo 
parish,  Thomas  P.  Fullilove  and  his  father,  James  Greer  Fulli- 
love, having  emigrated  from  Georgia  to  engage  in  the  planting  busi- 
ness, in  the  Liberty  Church  neighborhood.  The  paternal  grand- 
father of  Samford  C.  was  named  John  Fullilove,  and  was  a  native 
of  Scotland,  who  came  to  the  United  States  with  a  large  number 
of  his  people  to  colonize  Georgia.  Mrs.  Fullilove,  mother  of  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  was  a  native  of  the  Eastern  part  of  Alabama, 
daughter  of  "William  F.  Samford,  of  Irish  descent.  Six  of  the  10 
children  that  composed  the  family,  of  which  Samford  C.  Fullilove 
was  the  9th  in  order  of  birth,  grew  to  maturity.  His  education 
was  obtained  in  the  public  schools  of  Caddo  parish  and  at  the 
following  institutions  of  learning:  Centenary  college,  Jackson,  La. 
(graduate,  1896) ;  Columbian,  now  the  George  Washington  univer- 
sity, Washington  city  (graduate  in  law,  1901) ;  Tulane  Law  school 
(graduate,  1902) ;  and  after  receiving  his  diploma  from  Tulane  Mr. 
Fullilove  retui'ned  to  Shreveport  to  practice  his  profession.  The 
copartnership  of  Fullilove  &  Mills,  attorneys,  formed  in  1902,  was 
dissolved  in  1907  when  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  was  elected 
city  judge,  a  position  he  resigned  in  1910  to  accept  his  present  office 
of  superintendent  of  public  safety,  still  continuing,  however,  his 
practice  of  law.  Mr.  Fullilove  is  knight  commander  of  the  Kappa 
Alpha  order,  a  college  fraternity,  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Wood- 
men of  the  World.  He  married,  in  1905,  Miss  Amanda  String- 
fellow,  the  daughter  of  T.  L.  Stringfellow,  of  Shreveport.  Their 
familv  consists  of  3  children :  Samford  C,  Jr.,  Levert  S.  and  Howell 
H.  Fullilove. 

Fyler,  George  H.,  of  New  Orleans,  agent  of  the  Pennsylvania 
R.  R.,  was  born  at  St.  Louis,  May  21,  1873,  and  is  the  son  of  James 
O'D.  and  Fannie  E.  (Mill)urn)  Fyler.  James  O'D.  Fyler  was 
a  native  of  St.  Louis  county,  Mo.,  and  his  wife  was  born  at  Louis- 
ville, Ky.  They  were  the  parents  of  1  son,  George  H.  Fyler,  the 
youngest  of  the  family,  and  2  daughters,  one  of  whom,  Lilly  May, 
is  the  wife  of  Mr.  LeRoy  Hill  of  St.  Louis.  Mr.  Fyler  was  reared 
and  educated  in  his  native  city  and  after  a  6  months'  course  in  a 
commercial  college  began  work  as  a  messenger  boy  for  the  Penn- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  175 

svlvania  R  R.  Co.  After  rising  through  various  clerical  positions, 
he  was,  in  May,  1900,  appointed  solicitor.  His  next  promotion  in 
the  service  made  him  traveling  freight  solicitor  out  of  fet.  Louis. 
In  March  1909,  he  went  to  Dallas,  Tex.,  in  the  same  capacity  and 
remained  there  until  Nov.  1,  1910,  at  which  time  he^came  to  New 
Orleans  to  be  agent  of  the  Pennsylvania  R.  R.  Mr.  Fyler  has  been 
in  the  railroad  business  24  years  and  is  considered  an  able  and 
energetic  business  man.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  Sugar 
Exchange  and  of  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  exchange.  Nov.  21,  1901, 
Mr.  Fyler  married  Miss  Sophie  Kempff  of  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  a  daughter 
of  Frederick  and  Jeannette  KempfE. 

Gallion,  Zachary  Taylor,  M.  D.,  the  oldest  living  practitioner  of 
medicine  in  the  parish  of  Natchitoches,  where  he  began  39  years 
ago,  is  one  of  the  best-known  and  most  popular  among  the  physi- 
cians of  North  Louisiana.     He  was  born  Feb.  IS,  1849    in  Natchi- 
toches parish,  the  son  of  James  Hawkins  Gallion   a  native  of  Ken- 
tucky, who  came  to  Louisiana  in  early  manhood,  about  the  year 
1828    settled  in  Natchitoches  parish  and  engaged  m  the  planting 
busiiiess.    He  rose  to  prominence  in  the  public  affairs  of  the  com- 
munitv  and  in  1850  took  the  census  of  the  parish.    Between  James 
Hawkins  Gallion  and  Gen.  Zachary  Taylor,  who  was  then  located 
at  Fort  Jessup,  there  existed  a  close  bond  of  friendship,  and  it 
was  in  remembrance  of  that  fact  that  Mr.  Gallion  named  his  son 
Zachary  Taylor  Gallion.     The  elder  Gallion  passed  away  at  the 
age  of  52  years.     Elijah  Gallion,  grandfather  of  Dr.  Gallion    was 
a  citizen  of  Lexington,  Ky .    The  doctor 's  mother,  Eliza  Jane  ( Wray ) 
Gallion,  was  born  in  Louisiana,  of  Irish  parents,  who  had  settled 
in  Rapides  parish,  near  Alexandria.     She  died  at  the  age  ot  4& 
years     James  Hawkins  Gallion  and  wife  were  the  parents  of  4  sons 
and  4  daughters.     Zachary  Taylor  Gallion  passed  his  boyhood  on 
his  father's  farm,  and  received  the  rudiments  of  an  education  m  a 
log-cabin  school.     He  lost  his  father  in  death  when  11  years  of 
ao-e  and  his  mother  when  14.    From  an  early  age  he  has  fought  his 
own  battles  in  life  and  went  forth  into  the  world  to  earn  a  living 
when  his  mother  died.    He  worked  on  farms  meanwhile,  applying 
himself  with  patience  and  determination  to  acquiring  an  education. 
In  1871  he  graduated  from  the  Louisiana  State  university  and  tor  3 
years  was  engaged  in  teaching  and  thereby  earned  funds  to  defray 
his  expenses  in 'securing  a  medical  education.    He  entered  the  med- 
ical department  of  the  University  of  Louisiana  (now  Tulane)  and 
graduated  in  1875.     Returning  to  his  native  parish,  Dr.  Gallion 
has  been  in  active  practice  of  his  profession  ever  since  receiving 
his  diploma.     With  a  high  reputation  as  physician,  excellent  citi- 
zen, successful  business  man.  Dr.  Gallion  has  been  identifaed  with 
public  and  professional  life  for  many  years,  as  ex-member  ot  the 
board  of  supervisors  of  the  Louisiana  State  university ;  ex-member 
of  the  board  of  administrators  for  the  Louisiana    State    Normal 
school,  a  position  he  held  for  25  years,  and  at  the  present  time 
coroner  of  the  parish  of  Natchitoches,  which  position  he  has  held 
since  1892     He  is  affiliated  with  the  Natchitoches  Parish  Medical 
society,  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  the  American  Med- 
ical association  and  the   Southern  Medical  society.     Dr.   Gallion 


176  LOUISIANA 

mari'ied,  in  1876,  Miss  Mary  Cornelia  Somerindyke,  by  whom  he 
had  10  children:  Mary  Eliza,  Ida  Louise,  Lucy  Nancy,  Zachary 
Taylor,  Jr.,  Annie  Pearl,  Joseph  Warren,  John  Hawkins,  Bryan 
Wrav  (deceased),  James  Donald  (deceased)  and  Myra  Elise.  Mrs. 
Galli'on  died  Sept.  28,  1899.  Nearly  2  years  after— June  1,  1901— 
Dr.  Gallion  wedded  Mrs.  Frances  Cornelia  Chambers,  nee  Blanch- 
ard.  They  have  no  children.  Dr.  Gallion  is  a  communicant  of  Epis- 
copal church. 

Gamard,  Edward  Alphonse,  D.  D.  S.,  2941  Palmyra  street.  New 
Orleans,  La.,  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  Sept.  11,  1876;  son  of 
Alphonse  and  Marie  (Couret)  Gamard,  both  of  whom  were  born  in 
the  same  city  as  the  son,  the  father  in  1846  and  the  mother  in  1848. 
In  the  course  of  his  education  Edward  Alphonse  Gamard  attended 
the  Jesuit  college  in  the  city  of  his  nativity,  and  after  completing 
his  .studies  at  that  institution  entered  the  boys'  high  school  in  the 
same  city,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1895,  following  which  he 
matriculated  in  the  dental  department  of  the  University  of  Mary- 
land, graduating  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in  the  class  of  1899. 
Shortly  following  the  completion  of  his  professional  studies  Dr. 
Gamard  established  himself  in  offices  at  the  city  of  New  Orleans 
and  began  the  practice  of  his  profession,  which  has  since  engrossed 
his  attention  and  been  fruitful  of  gratifying  results.  The  doctor 
is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  affiliates  with  the 
Democratic  party.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  First  and  Second 
Districts  Dental  and  the  Louisiana  State  Dental  societies.  April 
21,  1903,  Dr.  Gamard  was  married  to  Miss  Amy  Croker,  daughter  of 
the  late  Martin  and  Mary  (Staples)  Croker  of  Morgan  City,  La. 
To  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Gamard  3  children  have  been  born,  namely:  Lu- 
cille, Amy  and  Edward,  Jr. 

Garcia,  Joseph  M.,  D.  D.  S.,  1121  Maison  Blanche  building,  New 
Orleans,  was  born  in  Camargo,  Mexico,  Dec.  10,  1877 ;  son  of  Sixto 
and  Dolores  (Ramirez)  Garcia,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  America 
of  Spanish  parentage.  The  father  is  a  stock-raiser  and  merchant 
and  also  fills  the  position  of  postmaster  at  Agua  Nueva,  Tex.  Both 
parents  are  living  at  this  time.  Five  children  have  been  born  to 
them,  as  follows :  M.  M.  Garcia,  superintendent  of  schools  at  San 
Antonio,  Tex. ;  Pilar,  at  home ;  Sixto,  merchant  at  Hebbronville, 
Tex.;  Joseph  M.  Garcia,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Cecile,  wife  of 
G.  Frank  Peebles,  rice  planter  of  Laurel  Hill,  La.  In  the  course 
of  his  education  Joseph  M.  Garcia  graduated  from  the  high  school 
with  distinguished  honors.  He  next  attended  the  Christian  Broth- 
ers' school  at  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  and  following  his  graduation  from 
this  institution  entered  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistrj',  Tu- 
lane  iiniversity,  graduating  with  the  class  of  1911.  Shortly  follow- 
ing the  time  of  his  graduation  Dr.  Garcia  established  offices  at  New 
Orleans  and  began  professional  practice,  which  he  has  since  fol- 
lowed. In  addition  to  handling  his  private  practice.  Dr.  Garcia 
fills  the  position  of  demonstrator  of  operative  technic  at  Tulane 
university.  Dr.  Garcia  is  affiliated  with  the  Catholic  church,  and 
is  a  member  of  the  First  and  Second  District  Dental  society,  the 
Odontological  society  of  New  Orleans,  of  which  he  is  secretary 
and  treasurer;  New  Orleans  lodge  No.   30,  Benevolent  and  Pro- 


BIOGRiVPHICAL  177 

tectivc  Order  of  Elks;  Knights  of  Pythias  (Baton  Rouge),  and  New 
Orleans  lodge  order  of  Moose.  Oetobei'  23,  1912,  Dr.  Garcia  was 
married  to  Miss  Helen  Hoffman,  daughter  of  Frederick  and  Helen 
(Huber)  Hoffman  of  New  Orleans.  INIrs.  Garcia 's  father  is  en- 
gaged in  the  business  of  a  contractor  and  builder  at  New  Orleans. 
He  is  a  native  of  Germany.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Garcia  are  the  parents  of 
1  child,  a  daughter,  Helen  Sylvia  Garcia,  born  Sept.  10,  1913. 

Generelly,  Joseph  Edward,  a  criminal  lawyer  of  an  enviable  repu- 
tation   is  a  native  son  of  Louisiana,  born  in  the  city  of  New  Or- 
leans 'on  the  29th  dav  of  Dec,  1874,  the  son  of  Laurent  E    and 
Denise  (Villere)  Generelly.    His  father  was  born  m  New  Orleans, 
in  which  city  he  died  Oct.'  23,  1909,  at  the  age  of  58  years.    He  was 
a  son  of  Fleury  and  Elizabeth  (Monsier)  Generelly,  his  father  also 
being  a  native  of  New  Orleans,  and  his  father,  Fleiiry  Generelly,  was 
born  in  France  and  was  a  soldier  of  the  French  army,  servmg  m 
the  defense  of  Saint  Domingo  against  the  British,  taken  as  a  pris- 
oner of  war  to  Charleston,  S.  C.,  where  he  was  subsequently  re- 
leased    He  located  in  New  Orleans  and  became  the  progenitor  ot 
his  familv  in  America.    The  father  of  Joseph  Edward  Generelly  was, 
for  the  greater  part  of  his  life,  a  federal  government  employe,  the 
last  15  years  being  in  the  auditor's  office  in  the  custom  house  at 
New  Orleans.    His  wife  was  a  daughter  of  Denis  Villere,  a  mem- 
ber of  the  distinguished  Villere  family  of  Louisiana,  which  fur- 
nished the  second  governor  of  the  state.    Laurent  E.  Generelly  and 
wife  had  2   sons   and   6   daughters,   all   of  whom  were   born   and 
reared  in  New  Orleans.    Joseph  Edward  Generelly  graduated  from 
Jesuits  college  in  1890,  and  then  while  holding  a  clerical  position 
attended  lectures  in  law  at  evenings  in  the  law  school  of  Tulane  uni- 
versity, from  which  he  graduated  in  1895,  since  when  he  has  suc- 
eessfu'll'v  practiced  law  in  New  Orleans,  making  a  specialty  of  the 
criminal  law  and  winning  the  reputation  of  an  able  criminal  law- 
yer.    Mr.  Generelly  has  found  time  from  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession for  political   and  public  service.     From  1898  to  1900  he 
served  as  assistant  district  attorney ;  from  1900  to  1902,  and  again 
from  1908  to  1912,  as  attorney  for  the  New  Orleans  city  board  of 
health ;  was  elected  to  the  house  of  representatives  in  1908  and  re- 
elected in  1912,  and  has  served  with  distinction  in  the  legislatiire 
where  he  became  the  floor  leader  of  the  regular  Democrats.     Mr. 
Generelly  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  also  of  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.    In  1897  he  married  Miss 
Elise  Sarpy,  the  daughter  of  Dr.  Emile   Sarpy  of  New  Orleans. 
Mr.  Generelly  has  forged  his  way  to  the  front  in  his  profession, 
holds  a  high  "rank  as  a  criminal  lawyer  and  member  of  the  Louis- 
iana state  bar,  and  by  his  public  service  attained  to  rank  among  the 
leading  men  of  his  state. 

Gessner,  Hermann  Bertram,  M.  D.,  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  m 
New  Orleans,  Feb.  19,  1872,  son  of  George  Gessner,  a  native  ot 
Sondershofen,  Bavaria  (born  Jan.  23,  1828),  and  Josephine  Nicks, 
born  at  Bremen,  Germany,  Sept.  28,  1837.  The  father  s  parents 
were  of  a  family  engaged  in  farming  and  Mrs.  Gessner  s  people 
were  among  the  first  manufacturers  of  umbrellas  m  Europe.  Ihe 
elder  Gessner,  while  a  student  of  the  University  of  Wurzburg,  was 
III— 12 


178  LOUISIANA 

one  of  the  leading  spirits  in  a  formidable  uprising  to  demand  a 
constitutional  form  of  government  in  1848.  Five  years  later  he 
came  to  the  United  States  to  practice  medicine,  which  he  had  studied 
for  4  years,  but  being-  offered  a  position  as  teacher,  he  accepted,  and 
taught  until  shortly  before  his  death  in  1907.  Mrs.  Gessner  had  come 
to  this  country  with  her  father,  Karl  Nicks,  in  1850,  and  was  edu- 
cated at  the  Ursuline  convent.  She  became  the  wife  of  George  Gess- 
ner on  Sept.  20,  1857.  Dr.  Gessner 's  father  was  a  soldier  in  the 
Confederate  army  during  the  war  between  North  and  South,  having 
enlisted  as  a  private,  in  Oct.,  1862,  in  Company  B,  Washington  artil- 
lery. Was  in  engagements  with  his  command  in  the  Army  of  North- 
ern Virginia  from  1862  to  the  suri'cnder  in  the  spring  of  1865.  At 
Drury's  Bluff,  Va.,  he  was  wounded,  and  was  sent  to  the  military  hos- 
pital in  Richmond.  Dr.  Gessner  was  educated  in  private  schools 
until  1883,  and  next  attended  Tulane  high  school  and  Tulane  col- 
lege, receiving  the  degrees  of  A.  B.  (1889),  A.  M.  (1891).  Was 
medical  student  1891-1895,  and  received  his  diploma  of  M.  D.  in 
1895.  From  1893  to  1895  he  was  resident  student  and  ambulance 
surgeon  of  the  Charity  hospital.  Since  his  graduation  as  physi- 
cian Dr.  Gessner  has  b§en  in  active  practice  in  New  Orleans,  and 
in  1912  he  withdrew  from  general  practice  to  devote  himself  exclu- 
sively to  surgery.  During  the  years  1897  and  1905  Dr.  Gessner 
served  as  acting  assistant  surgeon  in  the  United  States  Public  Health 
and  Marine  hospital  service  in  combating  oiitbreaks  of  yellow 
fever.  In  the  epidemic  of  1905  he  worked  under  Dr.  J.  H.  White, 
who  conducted  the  memorable  and  mo.st  successful  campaign  that 
freed  New  Orleans  from  the  yellow  plague  ever  since.  When  war 
was  declared  with  Spain,  Dr.  Gessner  entered  the  United  States 
army  in  1898,  and  was  acting  assistant  surgeon.  United  States  army, 
serving  at  Tampa,  Fla.;  Fernandina,  Fla.,  and  Montauk  Point,  L.  I. 
He  is  member  of  Phi  Delta  Theta  college  fraternity,  honorary  mem- 
ber of  Alpha  Kappa  Kappa  and  a  Phi  Beta  Kappa.  Was  president 
and  is  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish  Medical  society,  ex-vice-pres- 
ident and  at  present  councillor  of  the  Louisiana  State  IMedical  so- 
ciety, is  affiliated  with  the  Southern  Medical  association,  the  Amer- 
ican Medical  association,  the  Association  of  Military  Surgeons,  the 
Medical  Reserve  corps  of  the  United  States  army  with  rank  of 
first  lieutenant,  commissioned  by  Pres.  W.  H.  Tat't  in  1909.  Dr. 
Gessner  is  professor  of  operative  and  clinical  surgery  in  Tulane  uni- 
versity of  Louisiana,  one  of  the  chief  visiting  surgeons  of  the  Char- 
ity hospital  and  chairman  of  the  advisory  medical  committee  of  the 
visiting  staff.  Charity  hospital,  and  jimior  surgeon  of  the  Touro 
infirmary.  In  politics,  Dr.  Ge.ssner  is  a  Democrat.  Through  sev- 
eral campaigns  he  helped  to  build  up  a  healthy  opposition  faction 
to  make  up  for  the  lack  of  party  antagonism  in  this  community. 
Feb.  27,  1900,  he  married  Miss  Jessie  Hayes,  daus'hter  of  Ed- 
ward and  Ann  (Burnett)  Hayes,  both  born  in  England,  and  who 
emigrated  to  the  United  States  in  1881.  Mr.  Hayes,  Sr.,  died  in 
1902;  his  widow  is  still  living,  and  resides  at  Lake  Charles,  La. 
Dr.  and  Mrs.  Gessner  have  4  children:  Leonard  Edward,  aged  13; 
Josephine  Hayes,  11 ;  Barbara  Jessie,  9,  and  Edward  Heim,  7. 
Glover,  George  James. — Worthy  citizenship  in  the  United  States 


BIOGRAPHICAL  179 

is  made  up  from  all  the  races  and  nations  of  the  world,  but  it  has 
remained  for  those  who  are  commonly  known  as  Scotch-Irish  to  ac- 
quire a  distinction  and  leadership  second  to  no  othei-s.  Aptly  typi- 
fying this  class  of  our  people  in  Louisiana  may  be  named  George 
James  Glover,  one  of  the  foremost  business  men  of  the  city  of 
New  Orleans.  His  father,  named  William  Rodgerson  Glover,  was 
born  in  Edinburgh,  the  far-famed  capital  of  Scotland,  and  the 
mother  was  Katherine  Gibson,  born  in  County  Meath,  Ireland,  Aug. 
15,  1837.  George  James  Glover  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Dec. 
9,  1868.  In  the  schools  of  his  native  city  he  acquired  a  rudimentary 
education  such  as  may  be  gained  by  a  youth  under  14  years  of  age. 
At  that  early  period  of  life  he  was  compelled  to  begin  work  for 
the  purpose  of  assisting  in  obtaining  a  livelihood.  This  was  in  a 
large  measiire  due  to  his  father's  death,  which  had  occurred  sev- 
eral years  previous  to  that  age  of  the  son.  The  meagre  school- 
ing of  his  earlier  years  has  been  largely  supplemented  in  the  rig- 
orous school  of  experience,  the  most  successful  of  all  teachers,  until 
now  Mr.  Glovei'  is  one  of  the  best  informed  and  one  of  the  most 
up-to-date  business  men  in  New  Orleans.  When  at  the  age  of  14 
years  he  took  up  the  serious  duties  of  life,  he  began  work  in  the 
employ  of  Thomas  Carey  as  water  boy,  and  after  a  few  months  he 
was  adavnced  to  be  an  apprentice  in  the  brick-layers  trade.  Hav- 
ing acquired  the  necessary  skill  in  this  calling,  he  was  made  fore- 
man in  charge  of  some  of  his  employer's  building  operations.  Later 
he  followed  his  trade  in  Birmingham  and  Bessemer,  Ala.,  for  about 
1  year,  when  he  retui-ned  to  his  native  city.  On  arriving  he  was 
given  a  junior  partnership  in  the  firm  of  Thos.  Carey  &  Co.  At  a 
later  date  he  entered  the  general  contracting  business  under  the 
firm  name  of  Glover  &  Carey,  his  partner  being  Albert  Carey,  son 
of  his  former  employer.  This  continued  for  about  2  years  and 
then,  in  1899,  Mr.  Glover  became  associated  with  Mr.  Chas.  A.  Sicard 
under  the  firm  name  of  Glover  &  Sicard.  Since  1901  Mr.  Glover 
has  carried  on  the  business  of  general  contracting  alone.  It  is 
typical  of  his  Scotch  ancestry  that  he  has  kept  continuously  to  the 
1  business  until  he  has  achieved  the  highest  standing  in  his  call- 
ing. It  is  this  persistent  application  along  a  chosen  course  that 
has  given  the  Scotch  people  their  high  and  enviable  reputation  for 
success.  In  Mr.  Glover's  case  these  qualities  have  enabled  him  to 
reach  an  eminence  in  his  life  work  such  as  no  other  in  this  city 
can  justly  claim  and  such  as  few  in  the  nation  can  equal.  Among 
some  of  his  most  conspicuous  achievements  in  construction  may  be 
mentioned  the  Whitney-Central,  the  Ursuline  convent.  Central  Boys' 
high  school,  Touro  infirmary,  Hotel  Dieu,  Canal-Louisiana  bank  and 
the  Monteleone  hotel  buildings.  This  is  only  a  small  list  of  the  fine 
things  he  has  done,  but  it  serves  to  illustrate  the  broad  scope  and 
high  character  of  his  business.  Mr.  Glover  is  a  believer  in  the  po- 
litical doctrines  represented  by  the  Democratic  party,  but  has  not 
sought  political  preferment  at  the  hands  of  his  fellow  citizens.  Un- 
der the  administration  of  Gov.  Foster  he  was  a  member  of  the 
state  board  of  health.  His  religious  affiliations  are  with  the  Roman 
Catholic  church,  and  socially  he  belongs  to  the  Knights  of  Colum- 
bus, the  Elks,  the  American  Society  of  Testing  Materials,  and  also 


180  LOUISIANA 

belongs  to  the  Contractors  and  Builders  exchange.  Jan.  9, 
1901,  he  was  married  to  Katherine,  daughter  of  Armand  and  Kath- 
erine  (Rednour)  Troescher  of  New  Orleans,  and  they  have  3  chil- 
dren: George  Francis,  born  May  28,  1903;  John  Armand,  born 
March  8,  1908,  and  Mildred  Louise,  born  Sept.  13,  1909.  As  an  indi- 
cation of  the  high  standing  in  the  business  and  financial  circles  of 
New  Orleans,  it  may  be  noted  that  in  1910  Mr.  Glover  was  chosen 
a  director  in  the  Hibernia  Bank  and  Trust  Co.  and  in  1911  was 
elected  director  in  the  Whitney-Central  Trust  and  Savings  bank, 
these  being  among  the  largest  and  strongest  institutions  of  their 
kind  in  the  country. 

Golsan,  Joseph  Lindsay,  district  judge  of  the  24th  judicial  dis- 
trict and  resident  of  "West  Feliciana  parish.  La.,  has  an  unusual 
record  as  a  public  servant.  In  Oct.  of  1877,  being  then  a  young 
lawyer,  he  located  at  St.  Francisville  for  the  purpose  of  practicing 
his  profession,  and  within  an  ususually  short  time  had  received  just 
recognition  as  an  able  lawyer  and  a  public-spirited  citizen.  As 
early  as  1882  his  fellow  citizens  gave  him  his  first  call  to  public 
service  by  electing  him  to  the  lower  house  of  the  Louisiana  state 
legislature,  where  he  served  acceptably  1  term.  Following  this 
he  was  honored  with  an  election  to  the  office  of  district  attorney,  of 
which  office  he  remained  incumbent  during  12  consecutive  years, 
during  which  time  he  firmly  established  a  reiDutation  for  able  and 
conscientious  service.  He  was  then  elevated  to  the  higher  office 
of  district  judge  for  1  term,  this  being  followed  by  an  interim  of  4 
years,  during  which  he  held  no  position  of  public  trust.  He  was 
then  again  elected  district  attorney,  served  1  term  as  such,  and 
was  then  again  elected  to  the  office  of  district  judge  and  after 
serving  1  term  on  the  bench  was  yet  again  elected  district  at- 
torney, and  following  this  term  in  that  office  was  finally  elected  to 
the  office  of  district  judge  and  has  remained  incumbent  of  the  lat- 
ter office  to  this  time.  It  has  previously  been  observed  that  his 
career  in  public  office  is  unusual  and  his  repeated  reelection  back 
and  forth  between  these  two  offices  would  seem  to  indicate  that  his 
constituents  were  fully  decided  that  they  desired  him  to  occupy 
one  or  the  other  of  the  offices  permanently,  and  only  experienced 
some  difficulty  in  deciding  which  of  the  2  they  desired  to  have  him 
fill  regularly.  It  is  indeed  a  high  tribute  to  the  personality  and 
character  of  the  man,  coming  as  it  does  from  the  people  who  are 
his  neighbors,  and  who  Ivuow  him  well.  Jixdge  Golsan  is  a  native 
of  the  state  of  Alabama,  having  been  born  in  Autauga  county,  that 
state,  Aug.  21,  1854.  His  parents  were  Jacob  H.  and  Mary  Belle 
(Broadnax)  Golsan,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  South  Caro- 
lina and  the  latter  in  Arkansas.  Their  marriage  occurred  in  Ala- 
bama, in  which  state  they  passed  the  remainder  of  their  lives.  The 
father  combined  the  avocations  of  a  planter  and  general  mci-chant, 
residing  at  Autaugaville,  in  which  locality  the  lives  of  both  par- 
ents ended.  Five  sons  were  born  to  their  union,  only  2  of  whom 
survive  at  this  time,  one  of  the  survivors  being  now  a  resident  of 
the  state  of  Virginia  and  the  other  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  The 
father's  death  occurred  in  1872,  and  in  the  same  year  the  son,  Joseph 
Lindsay  Golsan,  graduated  from  Auburn  college,  Ala.,  at  the  age  of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  181 

18  years.  Following  this  the  young  man  took  a  course  in  interna- 
tional law  and  medical  jurisprudence,  at  the  University  of  Virginia, 
afterward  continuing  his  legal  studjes  in  the  office  of  Hays  &  New, 
at  New  Orleans.  He  was  admitted  to  practice  law  in  the  state  of 
Louisiana  by  the  supreme  court  in  1877,  and  located  at  St.  Francis- 
ville,  as  previously  stated,  in  the  autumn  of  that  same  year.  In  1881 
Judge  Golsan  was  married  to  Miss  Emma  Bakewell  of  New  Orleans, 
and  6  children  have  been  born  to  their  union.  The  family  is  num- 
bered among  the  most  highly-esteemed  residents  of  the  parish,  and 
enjoys  an  unusually  wide  circle  of  loyal  friends  and  acquaintances. 
Judge  Golsan  is  a  communicant  of  the  Episco])al  church  and  a 
member  of  the  order  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  In  politics  he  has 
been  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party  since  he  first  began  to 
exercise  the  elective  franchise,  and  is  an  unfailing  advocate  of  the 
principles  of  the  party  with  which  he  is  aligned.  In  public  office 
his  record  is  without  blemish,  and  among  the  best-known  lawj^ers 
and  jurists  of  Louisiana  he  is  worthy  of  favorable  mention. 

Gordy,  Judge  Minos  T.,  district  attorney,  district  judge,  justice 
of  the  Court  of  Appeals,  member  constitutional  convention,  member 
criminal  code  commission,  Abbeville,  Vermilion  parish.  La.,  was 
born  in  St.  Mary  pari.sh.  La.,  Sept.  29,  1865 ;  son  of  Minos  T.  and 
Betty  Ann  (Johnson)  Gordy,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  on  the 
eastern  shore  of  Maryland,  and,  in  the  year  1837,  when  8  years  old, 
came  to  Louisiana  with  his  parents  and  located  in  St.  Mary  par- 
ish. He  became  an  architect  and  builder,  and,  excepting  a  few 
years  previous  to  his  death,  in  Oct.,  1911,  made  his  home  at  Frank- 
lin. He  died  at  Abbeville.  Betty  Ann  (Johnson)  Gordy,  the 
mother,  M^as  born  in  Henderson  county,  Ky.,  and  located  in  St.  Mary 
parish.  La.,  following  her  marriage,  which  took  place  in  Texas.  The 
paternal  grandfather,  John  Collins  Gordy,  was  a  native  of  the  state 
of  Maryland.  He  was  a  practicing  physician  and  a  prominent 
Mason,  and  during  many  years  oceupi'ed  the  office  of  state  lecturer 
for  the  Masonic  order.  He  was  one  of  the  earlier  physicians  of  the 
vicinity  of  Franklin,  and  his  practice  was  in  and  around  that  place. 
The  paternal  grandmother  was  a  Miss  Hern,  and  the  maternal 
grandmother.  Miss  Young.  Minos  T.  Gordy,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  received  his  earlier  education  at  the  public  schools  of  Frank- 
lin. Later  he  attended  Rugby  academy  at  Franklin  and  in  1880 
entered  Louisiana  State  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
the  degree  of  B.  S.  in  the  class  of  1883.  Following  his  graduation  he 
was  employed  as  a  clerk  in  stores  at  Franklin  and  Abbeville,  and 
while  so  employed  at  the  latter  place  began  the  study  of  law,  under 
the  direction  of  the  law  firm  of  White  &  O 'Bryan  of  Abbeville.  In 
1888  he  entered  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he 
graduated  with  his  legal  degree  in  the  class  of  1889,  shortly  there- 
after beginning  practice  at  Abbeville,  where  he  has  since  remained. 
In  1890  he  was  appointed  district  attorney  by  Gov.  Nicholls,  to  suc- 
ceed R.  C.  Smedes,  who  had  died  in  office.  In  1892  he  was  elected 
to  that  office  to  succeed  himself,  and  in  1896  was  reelected,  serv- 
ing until  1900.  In  1898  he  was  elected  and  served  as  a  member  of 
the  constitutional  convention  of  that  year.  In  1900  he  was  elected 
district  judge  for  a  term  of  4  years.    By  virtue  of  his  office  as  district 


182  LOUISIANA 

judge  he  also  served  on  the  bench  as  a  judge  of  the  Court  of  Ap- 
peals. Since  1904  he  has  been  engaged  in  the  private  practice  of 
law.  By  Gov.  J.  Y.  Sanders  Judge  Gordy  was  appointed  a  mem- 
ber of  the  criminal  code  commission,  charged  with  the  work  of 
codifying  the  criminal  laws  of  the  state  of  Louisiana.  April  28, 
1896,' Judge  Gordy  was  married  to  Miss  Laura  Cage  Haynes  of  Wil- 
kinson county,  Miss.,  and  3  sons  have  been  born  to  their  union, 
namely :  John  Collins,  Sept.  8,  1897 ;  Walter  Haynes,  May  18,  1899  ; 
]\Iin()s  T.,  Jr.,  Feb.  28, 1900.  Judge  Gordy  has  voted  the  Democratic 
ticket  throughout  the  term  of  his  political  affiliation.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  of  the  Episcopal  church.  Judge 
Gordy  was  leading  assistant  to  the  district  attoriiey  in  the  prose- 
cution of  Dora  Murff  and  James  Duval  at  Crowley,  Acadia  parish, 
recently.  This  case  attracted  very  wide  attention  during  its  pen- 
dency, and  able  council  was  engaged  on  both  sides.  Both  defend- 
ants were  convicted. 

Gore,  Benjamin  L.,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  East  Fe- 
liciana parish.  La.,  Nov.  3,  1882;  son  of  S.  D.  and  Catherine  (Ryder) 
Gore,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of  West  Feliciana  parish  and 
the  latter  of  East  Feliciana  parish,  both  of  Louisiana.  The  father 
is  a  planter  and  has  devoted  his  energies  to  that  occupation  through- 
out life.  The  mother  passed  away  in  Sept.,  1909.  Ten  children,  2 
of  whom  are  now  deceased,  were  born  to  the  parents.  Those  living 
at  this  time  are :  Ada,  wife  of  James  McCabe  of  Vicksburg,  Miss. ; 
Kathryn,  wife  of  William  0.  Hines  of  Baton  Rouge,  La. ;  Benjamin 
L.,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Jacob  L.,  in  business  of  steam  fitter. 
Baton  Rouge;  Leota,  wife  of  Palmer  Smith  of  East  Feliciana  par- 
ish, and  residing  at  the  old  homestead:  Ruth,  Clifton,  in  school  at 
Vicksburg,  Miss.,  and  Samuel  D.,  in  school.  Benjamin  L.  Gore 
received  his  earlier  education  at  the  public  schools  of  his  home 
parish,  followed  by  a  course  at  Centenary  college,  Jackson,  La. 
He  next  entered  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry  and  gradu- 
ated from  that  institution  with  the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in  the  class 
of  1908.  Following  his  graduation  he  returned  to  his  home  parish 
and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  about  1  year,  after 
which  he  opened  dental  offices  at  New  Orleans  and  began  practice 
in  that  city  in  conjunction  with  his  duties  as  an  instructor  in  the 
dental  school  of  Tulane  university,  which  arrangement  Dr.  Gore 
has  continued  to  this  time,  being  now  demonsti-ator  of  clinical  den- 
tistry at  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry,  which  constitutes 
the  dental  department  of  Tulane  university.  Dr.  Gore  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Psi  Omega  fraternity,  the  New  Orleans  and  Louisiana 
State  Dental  societies  and  the  National  Dental  association.  He 
affiliates  with  the  Methodist  church  and  at  this  time  is  not  mar- 
ried. 

Goreau,  Thomas  W.,  of  New  Orleans,  master  plUmber,  is  a  leader 
in  his  calling,  always  prepared  to  adopt  and  use  the  latest  methods 
and  appliances.  He  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Nov.  26,  1876,  the 
son  of  Louis  and  Virginia  (Torr)  Goreau.  Mobile,  Ala.,  was  the 
birthplace  of  the  elder  Goreau,  and  he  was  a  painter  by  trade  until 
his  coming  to  reside  in  New  Orleans,  where  he  followed  the  occu- 
pation of  news  vendor  and  retail  merchant  for  many  yeai's.     He 


Thomas  W.  Goreau 


BIOGRAPHICAL  183 

died  ill  his  48th  year  in  1889.  Mrs.  Virginia  (Torr)  Gorcau  is  a 
native  of  Virginia,  one  of  the  descendants  of  John  Torr,  who  emi- 
grated to  the  United  States  from  England  in  1607,  with  the  early 
settlers  of  Jamestown,  led  by  Capt.  John  Smith.  At  the  ripe  old 
age  of  84  years,  she  is  residing  in  New  Orleans.  Thomas  W.  Goreau, 
to  whom  this  biograph}^  refers,  is  the  oldest  of  a  family  of  5  chil- 
dren, 2  of  whom  are  dead — Louis,  the  2d  son,  and  Virginia,  the 
4th  in  the  order  of  birth.  The  three  living  are  Thomas  W.  Go- 
reau, Nelson  G.  Goreau,  manufacturer  of  modern  plumbing  ma- 
terial, and  Mary,  the  wife  of  George  Brostrom  of  New  Orleans. 
Going  through  the  usual  primary  and  grammar  grade  courses  of 
the  public  schools,  then  entered  Soule  college,  New  Orleans,  and 
undecided,  after  completing  his  studies,  as  to  the  choice  of  a  pro- 
fession or  trade,  Mr.  Goreau  elected  to  take  a  business  course  in  a 
commercial  college  in  Chicago,  receiving  in  due  time  a  diploma 
entitling  him  to  seek  a  position  in  mercantile  or  financial  life.  But 
he  chose  along  industrial  and  mechanical  lines,  and  entered  the 
plumbing  establishment  of  his  uncle,  Thomas  Torr,  at  Galveston, 
Tex.,  serving  his  apprenticeship  for  several  years.  After  receiving 
his  exequatur  as  a  mechanic,  Mr.  Goreau  became  a  journeyman 
plumber,  traveling  from  place  to  place  for  7  years,  and  finally  lo- 
cating in  New  Orleans  in  1901.  Possessing  an  energetic  and  reso- 
lute disposition,  Mr.  Goreau  soon  took  active  interest  in  the  civic 
life  of  New  Orleans,  identifying  himself  with  all  movements  for  the 
social  and  political  betterment  of  the  community.  In  politics  he 
is  thoroughly  independent,  supporting  the  men  and  measures  that, 
in' his  opinion,  will  best  subserve  the  public  weal.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Merchants'  and  Manufacturers'  bureau,  of  the  New  Or- 
leans Association  of  Commerce  and  of  the  Elks.  The  marriage  of 
Mr.  Goreau  and  Miss  ]\Iargaret  Marron  of  Waterproof,  La.,  was 
solemnized  Nov.  9,  1899.  One  son,  Howard  T.  Goreau,  was  born  of 
their  union.  Besides  being  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  the  plumb- 
ing business,  Mr.  Goreau  has  made  several  important  and  useful 
inventions  of  a  mechanical  nature,  among  which  is  the  well-known 
Goreau  water  filter. 

Gorman,  Jacob  A.,  D.  D.  S.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  Raleigh, 
N.  C,  July  19,  1875,  son  of  John  C.  and  Emily  J.  (Bushall)  Gorman, 
the  former  of  whom  was  born  at  Greensboro,  Ala.,  and  the  latter  at 
Beaufort,  N.  C.  The  father  was  a  printer  and  publisher  and  con- 
ducted a  newspaper  at  Raleigh.  He  served  in  the  Confederate  army 
as  captain  of  Company  B,  2d  North  Carolina  regiment,  participating 
in  the  battle  of  the  Wilderness,  the  battle  of  Gettysburg,  and  sev- 
eral other  notable  engagements.  He  received  several  wounds  in 
the  course  of  his  long  service,  and  was  twice  captured  and  im- 
prisoned. Capt.  Gorman  survived  the  horrors  of  the  Civil  war, 
however,  and  died  at  his  home,  Dec.  27,  1892.  He  conducted  his 
newspapei-  until  the  time  of  his  death.  Eight  children  were  born 
to  Capt.  and  Mrs.  Gorman,  as  follows :  Thomas  M.,  Durham,  N.  C. ; 
Minnie,  widow  of  W.  A.  Slater,  Durham,  N.  C. ;  John  N.,  Richmond, 
Va. ;  Seaton  Gale,  Bethlehem,  Pa.;  Patrick  H.,  San  Juan,  Porto 
Rico ;  Jacob  A.,  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Annie  L.,  wife  of  C.  H. 
Pratt,  Boston,   Mass.;   Garfield,   in  San  Juan,  Porto   Rico.     The 


184  LOUISIANA 

mother  of  these  children  is  living  at  this  time.  Jacob  A.  Gorman 
graduated  from  high  school  at  Washington,  D.  C,  following  which 
he  entered  the  dental  school  of  Columbia  university  (now  George 
Washington  university)  and  graduated  from  that  institution  with 
the  degree  of  D.  D.  S.  in  the  class  of  1895.  Soon  after  securing 
his  professional  degree  the  doctor  went  to  Asheville,  N.  C,  and 
there  he  engaged  in  dental  iDractice  for  a  period  of  10  years.  Pol- 
lowing  this  extended  technical  experience,  he  removed  to  New 
Orleans  and  opened  a  suite  of  offices  in  that  city,  where  his  practice 
has  since  been  limited  to  the  correction  of  irregularities  of  the  teeth. 
In  1903  Dr.  Gorman  took  a  special  course  at  the  Angle  School  of 
Orthodontia,  New  London,  Conn.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana 
State  Medical  society.  First  and  Second  District  Dental  society, 
of  which  he  is  president ;  life  member  of  the  North  Carolina  Dental 
society;  member  American  Medical  and  National  Dental  associa- 
tions; Alumni  society  of  the  Angle  School  of  Orthodontia,  New 
London,  Conn. ;  Louisiana  lodge  No.  102,  Free  and  Accepted  Ma- 
sons ;  Louisiana  Chapter  No.  25 ;  Svrene  Commanderv  No.  5,  Ashe- 
ville, N.  C. ;  Oasis  Temple,  North  Carolina.  Oct.  10,  1900,  Dr.  Gor- 
man was  married  to  Miss  Edith  Peake,  daughter  of  AVilliam  C.  and 
Emma  (Sherwood)  Peake,  both  natives  of  Baltimore,  Md.  Mrs. 
Gorman's  father  is  a  contractor  and  builder  at  Washington,  D.  C, 
where  the  daughter  was  bom.  To  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Goi'man  2  children 
have  been  born,  namely,  Edith  and  Bertha. 

Grace,  Frederic  Jumel,  register  of  the  state  land  office  at  Baton 
Rouge,  is  one  of  the  best-known  and  most  popular  men  of  the 
state.  Mr.  Grace  was  born  at  Plaquemine,  Iberville  parish,  La., 
May  9,  1870,  and  is  a  member  of  one  of  the  most  influential  fam- 
ilies of  that  parish.  His  parents  were  Thomas  E.  and  Elizabeth 
Camilla  (Laughlin)  Grace.  His  father  was  born  in  1835,  in  the 
state  of  New  York,  and  when  a  boy  came  with  his  parents  to 
Louisiana.  The  family  resided  for  a  short  time  in  Jackson,  East 
Feliciana  parish,  and  then  removed  to  Plaquemine.  Thomas  E. 
Grace  was  educated  at  Notre  Dame  imiversity.  South  Bend,  Ind., 
and  then  studied  law.  He  devoted  the  active  years  of  his  life  to  the 
practice  of  law  in  Plaquemine,  and  died  there,  in  1883,  at  the  age 
of  48  years.  He  married  Elizabeth  Camilla  Laughlin,  who  was 
born  on  "Grand  River  plantation,"  Iberville  parish.  La.  Her 
father  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  her  mother  came  of  Revolutionary 
stock,  she  being  the  daughter  of  a  patriot  who  fell  at  the  battle  of 
Brandywine.  Unto  Thomas  E.  and  Elizabeth  Camilla  (Laughlin) 
Grace  the  following  children  were  born :  Thqmas  E.,  who  became 
a  lawyer  and  died  at  the  age  of  31  years;  Joseph  A.,  now  clerk 
Tbei'ville  parish  courts  and  president  of  the  Iberville  Bank  & 
Trust  Co. ;  Dr.  William  L.,  a  prominent  physician  of  Plaquemine ; 
Charles  E.,  a  well-known  real  estate  dealer  of  Plaquemine ;  Fred- 
eric J.,  the  immediate  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Augustine  K.,  an  ac- 
tive fire  and  life  insurance  agent  of  Plaquemine;  Rev.  Michael  A., 
a  Jesuit  priest  and  prominent  educator,  now  president  of  St. 
Charles  college,  at  Grand  Coteau,  which  college  celel)rated  recently 
its  75th  anniversary  or  diamond  jubilee ;  Henry  G.,  who  died  aged 
20  years;  Albert  L.,  a  well-known  lawyer  of  Plaquemine,  and  2 


BIOGRAPHICAL  185 

daughters,    namely,    Mary    (Mrs.    IMilos    E.    Davidson    of   Plaquo- 
mine)  and  Ruth  (Mrs.  Patrick  Barry,  also  of  Plaquemine).    Fred  J. 
Grace  was  reared  at  Plaquemine  and  educated  there  ni  private 
schools  and  at  St.  Charles  college,  which  institution,  in  1912,  con- 
ferred upon  him  the  degree  of  LL.  D.    For  7  years  after  complet- 
ing his  education,  Mr.  Grace  was  engaged  in  sugar  planting.     Then, 
for  10  years,  he  was  a  traveling  salesman  for  mill  supplies.     In 
1908  Mr.  Grace  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for  the  im- 
portant position  of  register  of  the  state  land  office,  and  at  the 
followino-    election   received    a   handsome    majority.     As    a   testi- 
monial to  his  efficient  services  in  this  office  he  was,  m  1912,  a^gam 
elected  to  the  office  for  a  term  of  4  years.    Since  Mr.  Grace  has  been 
reo-ister  of  the  state  land  office  he  has  radically  improved  the  serv- 
ice rendered  in  this  important  state  office.     When,  on  account  of 
the  considerably  reduced  acreage  of  United  States  land  in  Louis- 
iana  the  several  United  States  land  offices  in  the  state  were  to  be 
consolidated,  several   cities  were  considered  as  locations  for  the 
office    and  a  heated  contest  ensued.    When  the  United  States  sur- 
veyor's office  at  New  Orleans  was  closed,  valuable  maps  and  docu- 
ments in  its  charge  were  sent  to  Baton  Rouge,  and  placed  m  the 
custody  of  the  state  land  office,  and  since  this  had  been  done,  and 
owing  to  the  fact  that  all  state  affairs  in  regard  to  the  land  office 
were  looked  after  at  and  from  Baton  Rouge,  all  maps,  plat  and  field 
notes  were  held  there,  Mr.  Grace  took  the  position  that  the  United 
States  land  office  should  be  at  Baton  Rouge,  and  to  him  is  largely 
due  the  fact  that  Baton  Rouge  was  selected  as  the  location  for 
the  United   States  land   office,   which  has  since   been  maintained 
there.    In  1898  Mr.  Grace  married  Miss  May  Dardenne,  a  daughter 
of  John  L.  Dardenne,  who  was,  for  several  years,  clerk  of  court 
of  Iberville  parish.     Mr.  and  Mrs.  Grace  have  3  daughters  and  1 
son,  namely,  Lucille  May,  Myrthe  Elizabeth,  Frederic  J.,  Jr.,  and 
Aline.     Mr.  Grace  belongs  to  several  fraternal  orders  and  among 
men  is  deservedly  popular.    He  has  forged  his  way  to  success  by 
means   of  integrity,   industry,   energy   and  fair  dealing  with  his 
fellow  men.  .  . 

Gray,  Robert  Archibald,  M.  D.,  successful  Shreveport  physician, 
was  born  at  Frankfort,  Ky.,  Oct.  11,  1830 ;  son  of  Joseph  Gray,  a 
native  of  Virginia.  The  father  was  a  merchant  in  early  life,  but 
later  became  sergeant-at-arms  of  the  house  of  representatives,  Ken- 
tucky, and  remained  incumbent  of  this  office  about  30  years.  The 
paternal  grandfather  was  a  native  of  Wales  and  had  only  1 
brother.  Robert  Archibald  Gray,  the  son,  obtained  his  academic 
education  at  B.  B.  Sayre's  institute,  Frankfort,  and  when  this 
had  been  completed  matriculated  in  the  medical  department  of  the 
University  of  Louisville  (Ky.),  from  which  he  graduated  m  due 
time  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the  class  of  1853,  this  being  m  the 
spring  of  that  year.  During  some  months  following  his  graduation 
he  engaged  in  practice  at  his  home  city,  Frankfort,  Ky.,  but  m  the 
month  of  December  of  the  same  year  in  which  he  graduated  from 
the  medical  college  the  young  doctor  came  south  and  located  at  the 
city  of  Shreveport,  La.,  where  he  has  since  been  continually  engaged 
in  the  practice  of  medicine.    Dr.  Gray  is  at  this  time,  it  is  said,  de- 


186  LOUISIANA 

cidedly  the  oldest  physician  in  practice  in  North  Louisiana.  He 
served  in  the  Confederate  army  throughout  the  Civil  war  as  sur- 
geon of  Dreux's  battalion,  and  has  since  served  as  a  member  of  the 
hospital  board  of  the  city  of  Shreveport,  as  president  of  the  board, 
in  fact.  He  is  a  member  of  both  the  Louisiana  State  and  Caddo 
Parish  Medical  societies,  and  affiliates  with  the  Presbyterian 
church.  April  9,  1861,  Dr.  Gray  was  married  to  Miss  Amanda  Hol- 
lingsworth,  who  is  a  native  of  the  state  of  Alabama.  Two  sons  and 
2  daughters  have  been  born  to  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Gray,  these  be- 
ing: Robert  H.,  a  graduate  of  the  Bellevue  hospital,  New  York 
city,  and  now  associated  with  his  father  in  practice  at  Shreveport ; 
De  Graffenreid,  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business  at  Shreveport; 
Genevieve,  now  the  wife  of  W.  F.  Taylor  of  Shreveport,  and  Her- 
ries,  wife  of  Dr.  G.  C.  Chanler  of  Shreveport.  ' 

Grouchy,  Alex.,  Jr.,  mayor  of  Baton  Rouge,  president  and  gen- 
eral manager  of  the  Istrouma  hotel,  was  born  in  New  Orleans  March 
23,  1870,  of  French  parents.  His  father,  Alex.,  and  mother,  Zoe 
(Dupuy)  Grouchy,  have  a  family  of  4  children,  of  whom  Mayor 
Grouchy  is  the  eldest.  The  others  are  Julia,  Frank  and  Emma. 
Since  the  age  of  8  the  subject  of  this  sketch  has  been  a  resident 
of  the  capital  of  Louisiana,  when  his  father  and  mother  removed 
from  the  Crescent  City,  where  they  had  won  deserved  reputation 
in  the  conduct  of  the  restaurant  business.  After  receiving  pri- 
mary and  grammar  education  in  the  schools  of  Baton  Rouge,  young 
Grouchy  was  sent  to  Spring  Hill  college,  Alabama,  where  he 
studied  for  3  years.  Leaving  college,  he  began  his  business  career 
in  New  Orleans  as  clerk  in  the  em^jloy  of  a  lumber  company,  and 
next  at  the  desk  in  the  office  of  a  firm  of  sugar  merchants.  In 
1893  he  was  united  in  wedlock  to  Miss  Victoria  Gass  of  Baton 
Rouge,  and  they  took  up  their  residence  in  that  city  the  follow- 
ing year.  Mr.  Grouchy  established,  and  conducted  with  much 
success,  the  Capital  and  the  Grouchy  hotel,  and  in  1908  ])ecame 
manager,  and  now  is  president  and  business  head  of  the  Istrouma, 
one  of  the  finest  and  best-known  establishments  of  its  kind  in 
that  section  of  the  state,  and  favorite  headquarters  of  social  and 
political  gatherings.  Always  taking  lively  interest  in  public  affairs 
and  in  civic  activities,  Mr.  Grouchy  enjoys  great  popularity.  He 
was  elected  to  the  city  council  in  1910  and  next  received  the  votes 
of  his  fellow  councilmen  for  the  position  of  mayor,  filling  the  un- 
expired term  of  Hon.  Jules  Roux.  In  April,  1914,  he  was  elected 
as  the  first  mayor  under  the  commission  form  of  government.  Hav- 
ing joined  the  Order  of  Elks,  Mr.  Grouchy  rose  to  the  exalted 
office  of  district  deputy  for  the  state  of  Louisiana,  during  the  year 
1912;  he  also  is  a  member  of  the  Faternal  Order  of  Eagles  and 
of  the  Order  of  Red  Men.  With  his  wife  and  2  children  Mr. 
Grouchy  lives  happily  in  Baton  Rouge.  The  eldest  of  their  family 
is  Hazel,  a  charming  young  girl  of  19,  and  the  younger,  Cyrill,  is 
17  j'ears  of  age. 

Guerard,  Robert  G.,  real  (-state  dealer  of  New  Orleans,  La.,  and 
president  of  the  board  of  commissioners  for  the  port  of  New  Or- 
leans; is  a  native  of  Savannah,  Ga.,  where  he  was  born  Feb.  3, 
1865.    He  attended  jirivate  schools  at  Savannah,  and  later  gradu- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  187 

ated  from  Mount  Pleasant  Militnry  academy,  Ossining,  N.  Y.  As 
a  young  man  he  engaged  in  the  rice  business  at  the  city  of  his 
birth,  later  removing  to  the  city  of  New  Orleans  in  1893  and 
continuing  in  the  same  business  up  to  the  year  1906,  at  which 
time  he  transfei-red  his  activities  to  real  estate.  During  the  Span- 
ish-American war  he  volunteered  and  served  as  captain  of  Com- 
pany ]M,  2nd  Louisiana  regiment. 

Guilbault,  Albert,  son  of  Alfred  Guilbault  and  Adeline  Paquette. 
Alfred  CTuilbault,  his  father,  was  born  45  miles  outside  of  Montreal, 
Canada,  on  Aug.  2,  1836,  the  issue  of  Amable  Guilbault  and  Cath- 
erine Telliea.  Alfred  Guilbault  came  to  New  Orleans  from  Mon- 
treal in  1866,  on  his  way  stopping  in  Chicago,  111.,  for  9  months. 
His  mother,  Adeline  Paquette,  was  born  of  Pierre  Paquette  and 
IMarie  Pourier,  at  Kecsville,  Essex  county,  N.  Y.,  on  June  6,  1844. 
Her  parents  were  born  in  Canada.  Mrs.  Guilbault  came  to  New 
Orleans  with  her  parents  about  1860.  Alfred  has  long  been  identi- 
fied with  the  car-building  industry  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans. 
Albert  Guilbault  is  one  of  7  living  children,  4  daughters  and  3 
sons,  born  to  his  parents.  He  passed  his  childhood  and  yoiith  in 
the  city  and  there  attended  the  public  schools,  but  withdrew  from 
school  while  yet  in  the  6th  grade  to  begin  work  as  an  office  boy. 
Later  the  lad  attended  night  school,  and  forging  his  own  way  to 
better  conditions  and  circumstances,  matriculated  in  the  law  school 
of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of 
LL.  B.  in  the  class  of  1900.  When  14  years  of  age  he  became  an 
office  boy  in  a  law  office,  and  from  that  time  has  virtually  been 
identified  with  the  legal  profession,  growing  up  in  the  calling, 
so  to  speak,  in  which  he  has,  through  determination,  energy  and 
native  ability,  attained  a  well-merited  reputation  as  an  earnest 
and  conscientious  counselor,  learned  and  untiring  in  his  loyalty 
to  his  clients,  and  deeply  appreciative  of  his  obligations  as  a  citi- 
zen. Mr.  Giiilbault  is  fully  sustaining  the  usual  record  and  repu- 
tation of  self-educated  men  and  steadily  moving  step  by  step  to 
higher  and  broader  fields  of  usefulness.  He  is  affiliated  with  the 
Democratic  party  and  in  1912  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Louis- 
iana legislature.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Catholic  church  and  of 
the  Knights  of  Columbus.  In  1903  Hon.  Albei't  Guilljault  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Marie  Strack  of  New  Orleans.  Five  children,  as  fol- 
lows, have  been  born  to  theii-  union :  Albert  C,  John  D.,  "Walter  S., 
Marie  C.  and  Catherine  C.  Guilbault. 

Guiterrez,  Alcide,  merchant,  secretary  of  the  police  jury  and 
member  of  the  drainage  board  of  St.  Bernard  parish,  was  born  April 
18,  1869,  a  son  of  Philip  and  Mary  (Cantrelle)  Guiterrez,  of  that 
parish.  The  father  was  also  born  here,  where  he  lived  all  his 
life,  and  passed  away  in  1908,  being  a  farmer  by  occupation,  and 
also  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business.  The  mother  was  born  at 
Thibodaux,  La.,  in  1842,  and  is  still  living.  The  paternal  grand- 
father, Phillip  Guiterrez,  came  from  Spain  and  settled  in  Louisiana 
about  1770,  locating  in  St.  Bernard  parish.  Of  the  8  children  in 
the  family,  onh^  2  are  now  living,  these  being  Alcide,  the  subject 
of  this  biography,  and  Elmire,  who  is  also  a  resident  of  the  parish. 
In  the  course  of  acquiring  his  education  Alcide  Guiterrez  attended 


188  LOUISIANA 

Holy  Cross  school,  and  when  the  course  of  study  at  this  institu- 
tion had  been  completed  entered  Leche  academy,  at  New  Orleans, 
from  which  he  graduated  in  due  time.  Following  this  he  enrolled 
at  the  Louisiana  State  university,  and  received  his  diploma  with 
the  class  with  which  he  entered.  After  completing  his  schooling 
the  young  man  returned  to  the  family  home  and  became  assistant 
to  his  father  in  the  management  of  the  general  merchandise  busi- 
ness and  supervision  of  the  farm.  In  1893  he  was  elected  secretary 
of  the  police  jury  of  his  parish,  and  has  remained  incumbent  of 
that  office  to  this  time — a  period  of  more  than  20  years.  In  1904 
he  came  into  ownership  of  his  father's  general  merchandise  busi- 
ness, which  he  has  since  conducted  very  successfully.  Mr.  Guiter- 
rez  is  also  a  member  of  the  drainage  board  of  St.  Bernard  parish 
and  has  served  as  president  of  the  school  board  for  12  years.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  is  affiliated  fra- 
ternally with  the  Woodmen  of  the  World.  In  Feb.,  1898,  Mr.  C4uit- 
errez  was  united  in  wedlock  to  Lydia,  a  daughter  of  Lorenski  and 
Olivia  (Estopinal)  Nunez,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  the  parish. 
Mr.  Nunez  followed  the  occupation  of  a  farmer,  and  for  about  20 
years- also  discharged  the  duties  of  a  levee  inspector.  He  passed 
away  in  August,  1912,  and  is  at  this  time  survived  by  his  beloved 
wife.  Two  sons  have  Ijeen  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Guiterrez,  namely, 
August,  now  at  home,  and  Jerome,  attending  Rugby  academy,  at 
New  Orleans. 

Hacker,  Judge  L.  0. — New  Iberia,  Iberia  parish,  La.,  was  born 
in  Iberia  parish,  La.,  in  the  year  1844,  and  to  his  earnest  and  unsel- 
fish efforts,  perhaps  more  than  to  any  other  one  force,  is  due  the  de- 
velopment of  the  present  excellent  and  efficient  public  school  sys- 
tem of  Iberia  parish.  It  was  the  wish  of  the  publishers  that  an  ex- 
tended review  of  Judge  Hacker's  life  work  be  given  here,  but 
out  of  deference  to  his  well-known  native  modesty,  and  by  his 
request,  this  article  is  limited  to  a  very  brief  statement  as  to  his  early 
connection  with  the  public  school  system  of  his  parish.  Following 
the  close  of  the  Civil  war,  during  which  he  served  the  Confederacy, 
and  the  almost  equally  dark  period  of  reconstruction,  Judge  Hacker, 
with  Col.  E.  B.  Olivier,  Dr.  Alfred  Duperier,  James  L.  Burke,  J.  D. 
Broussard,  and  Adolph  Segura,  organized  a  public  school  system  for 
Iberia  parish.  Their  progress  was  very  slow,  because  of  the  opposi- 
tion of  those  in  power  at  the  time,  but  when  Francis  Nichols  became 
governor  of  Louisiana  he  appointed  all  of  the  above-named  gen- 
tlemen, except  Judge  Hacker,  as  members  of  the  school  board  for 
Iberia  parish.  The  board  tlien  elected  Judge  Hacker  as  principal 
of  the  New  Iberia  City  school,  with  supervisory  powers  over  all 
the  schools  of  the  parish.  From  this  time  the  progress  of  edu- 
cational work  in  the  parish  was  rapid.  In  July,  1882,  Judge 
Hacker  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  resigned  his  official  connec- 
tion with  the  schools,  but  his  interest  in  them  has  continued  una- 
bated. At  the  present  time  he  frequently  visits  them,  and  can 
always  be  relied  upon  to  give  his  fullest  and  most  hearty  coop- 
eration in  any  meritorious  movement  directed  toward  the  better- 
ment of  the  seliools.  Judge  Hacker  has  been  long  identified  with 
every  good  work  that  has  gone    forward  in  New    Iberia  and  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  189 

Iberia  parish,  and  his  name  can  not  be  disassociated  with  the  sub- 
stantial upbuilding  and  material  development  of  that  section  of 
Louisiana,  but  it  is  doubtful  if  the  people,  even  of  the  locality  in 
which  he  has  passed  the  richly  fruitful  years  of  his  useful  life, 
fully  appreciate  the  debt  of  gratitude  they  owe  to  him  for  his 
unselfish  devotion  to  the  broadening,  upbuilding,  purifying,  and 
modernizing  the  educational  interests  of  the  community  and  of 
that  portion  of  the  State  of  Louisiana — indeed,  of  the  State  of 
Loiiisiana,  and  even  beyond.  We  have  said  "the  educational  in- 
terests," but  what  does  this  mean  other  than  all  that  can  be  im- 
plied in  good  citizenship — useful  manhood  and  useful  womanhood 
— the  moral  upbuilding  of  a  section,  involving,  also,  its  spiritual 
development  and  expansion.  Surely,  a  work  in  all  respects  wor- 
thy of  the  best  among  men. 

Hamilton,  Fuller  M.,  parish  superintendent  of  education,  Lake 
Charles,  Calcasieu  parish.  La.,  was  born  near  Sugartown,  Cal- 
casieu (now  Allen)  parish.  La.,  July  4,  1879;  son  of  Rev.  Isaac  and 
Lydia  E.  (Simmons)  Hamilton,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in 
St.  Landry  parish.  La.,  Oct.  27,  1830,  and  the  latter  in  Calcasieii 
parish,  same  state,  Marcli  5,  1841.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Wil- 
liam Hamilton,  was  a  native  of  London,  England,  and  ran  away 
from  home  when  a  boy,  in  company  with  a  brother  from  whom 
he  later  became  separated.  The  grandfather  followed  the  business  of 
a  sailor  in  early  life,  and  served  in  the  English  navy  during  the  War 
of  1812.  Afterward  he  located  in  St.  Landry  parish.  La.,  where 
he  lived  during  the  remainder  of  his  life,  following  agricultural 
pursuits.  Isaac  Hamilton,  the  father,  was  afforded  limited  edu- 
cational advantages  in  his  youth,  but  by  private  study  acquired 
a  good  academic  education.  While  he  was  always  a  farmer,  he  was 
also  an  ordained  minister  of  the  Missionary  Baptist  church,  and 
in  addition  to  farming  and  stockraising,  in  what  is  now  Allen  par- 
ish, he  preached  regularly.  During  the  Civil  war  he  was  detailed 
for  home  duty  as  a  blacksmith.  Puller  M.  Hamilton,  the  sou,  at- 
tended the  public  schools  of  the  locality  in  which  he  was  born. 
Later,  he  attended  high  school  at  Georgetown,  Tex.,  of  which 
school  his  brother,  D.  L.,  was  at  that  time  superintendent,  and 
where  Fuller  M.  remained  a  student  vmtil  he  had  completed  half 
of  his  senior  year,  following  which  he  was  engaged  in  teaching 
two  years.  In  1902  he  entered  the  state  normal  school  at  Natchi- 
toches, La.,  from  which  he  graduated  2  years  later.  During  the 
succeeding  year  he  filled  the  position  of  principal  of  the  school  at 
Pickering,  La.,  and  thereafter  passed  one  year  at  the  plantation 
home  of  the  family.  In  1906  he  became  principal  of  the  Oakdale 
high  school,  where  he  remained  three  years,  utilizing  his  vaca- 
tions during  this  time  in  taking  special  work  at  Louisiana  State 
university.  In  1909  he  was  elected  assistant  superintendent  of 
the  Calcasieu  parish  schools,  imder  Superintendent  John  Mc- 
Neese,  in  which  capacity  he  served  until  July  1,  1913,  when  he 
was  elected  superintendent  of  education  for  Calcasieu  parish,  of 
which  office  he  is  incumbent  at  this  time.  Under  his  administra- 
tion, two  bond  issues,  of  $25,000  and  $16,000,  respectively,  have 
been  voted  for  high  school  purposes ;  the  school  at  De  Quincy  has 


190  LOUISIANA 

been  added  to  the  high  school  list;  domestic  science,  commercial, 
and  manual  training  departments  have  been  established  at  the 
Sulphur  school;  principals  of  approved  high  schools  have  been 
placed  on  yearly  salary,  and  a  uniform  term  of  9  months  for  white 
and  8  months  for  colored  pupils  has  been  established.  At  the 
present  time,  the  parish  has  under  course  of  construction  3  high 
school  and  2  graded  brick  school  buildings ;  3  frame  buildings 
of  2  and  3  rooms  each  to  replace  1-room  buildings,  and  has  inaug- 
urated a  general  policy  of  larger  school  sites.  One  plot  of  10 
acres  and  another  of  something  more  than  22  acres  have  been 
acquired  for  agricultural  purposes  in  connection  with  the  school 
work,  and  in  every  way  a  policy  of  expansion  and  iiuprovement 
of  the  parish  schools  is  being  vigorously  pushed  forward  to  an 
actual  realization  of  larger,  wider,  more  practical  and  more  dem- 
onstrably modern  and  helpful  educational  advantages  for  the 
children  of  the  people  of  Calcasieu  parish,  and  in  the  forefront 
of  this  forward  movement  is  Prof.  Hamilton,  tireless  in  his  labors 
for  the  advancement  of  the  interests  of  the  parish  schools.  Sept. 
4,  1908,  Fuller  M.  Hamilton  was  married  to  Miss  Pearl  Litton,  a 
daughter  of  Alfred  and  Sally  (Tatum)  Litton,  of  Sabine  parish, 
La.,  and  2  children  have  been  born  to  their  union,  these  being 
Versie  and  Herbert.  Prof.  Hamilton  is  affiliated  with  the  Dem- 
ocratic party,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Missionary  Baptist  church, 
teaching  a  class  in  the  Sunday  school  of  his  local  church.  He  is 
aiBliated,  also,  with  the  Louisiana  Public  School  Teachers'  asso- 
ciation, and  is  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  latter  organization. 
Hanna,  Capt.  J.  Stonewall,  secretary  of  the  Orleans  Aletal  Bed 
Co.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  Dec.  27,  1862; 
son  of  Capt.  John  Holmes  and  Elizabeth  (Spires)  Hanna,  the  for- 
mer of  whom  was  of  Irish,  and  the  latter  of  English  parentage. 
Capt.  John  Holmes  Hanna,  the  father,  was  born  in  Londonderry, 
Ireland,  May  24,  1835.  His  father  owned  and  conducted  a  harness 
business  at  the  place  of  the  son's  birth.  The  latter,  through  the 
days  of  his  childhood,  assisted  his  mother  about  the  house,  being 
the  first-born  of  the  children.  His  educational  advantages  were 
very  limited,  and  when  the  lad  had  attained  his  14th  year,  the 
father  died,  leaving  the  mother  and  11  children.  John  Holmes 
was  then  apprenticed  to  a  local  grocer,  but  after  1  year  he  had 
fully  decided  that  he  did  not  like  the  grocery  business,  and  fur- 
thermore, that  he  desired  to  -try  his  fortunes  in  the  land  across 
the  sea,  of  which  he  had  heard  much.  The  mother,  of  course,  was 
averse  to  parting  with  her  first-born,  but  in  the  sincerity  of  her 
desire  that  the  boy  should  not  be  hampered  in  availing  himself  of 
such  slender  opportunities  as  he  might  find,  imaided  and  with  but 
little  education,  she  consented  to  his  going,  and  kissing  his  mother 
good-bye,  he  set  out  for  tlie  United  States,  crossing  the  ocean  on 
board  a  sailing  vessel,  the  good  ship  Leviathan.  After  21  days 
at  sea,  the  young  man  landed  at  the  great  city  of  New  York.  After 
passing  1  month  at  the  American  metropolis,  he  started  South, 
with  the  home  of  his  uncle.  Dr.  John  W.  Hanna,  Natchitoches,  La., 
as  his  objective  point.  After  an  eventful  trip,  he  reached  New 
Orleans,  by  boat,  and  landed  at  Post  18,  near  the  old  triangle  build- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  191 

ing,  in  front  of  the  St.  Mary  market.  This  was  in  the  month  of  April, 
1852,  and  upon  counting  his  "cash  on  hand,"  the  new  arrival  in  the 
Crescent  City  found  that  he  possessed  just  :i  sovereigns.  After  a  very 
brief  look  at  the  metropolis  of  the  South,  he  made  his  way  to  Nat- 
chitoches, to  pay  his  respects  to  his  uncle,  and  while  there  found 
employment  in  the  store  of  Creswell   &  Co.,  where  he  remained 
about  1  year.    He  then  returned  to  New  Orleans,  better  prepared 
for  seeking  work,  and  after   a   diligent  search  for  a  job   at  such 
work  as  he  was  then  ciualified  to  do,  secured  a  position  as  clerk 
on  the  levee  with  the  firm  of  Sands  Bros.,  receivers  and  agents  for 
the  largest  produce  house  in  New  Orleans  at  that  time.    This  work 
paid  him   a  salary  of  $25   per  month,   but,   guided   by   the   habits 
of  thrift  inculcated  by  his  mother  across  the  sea,  he  was  enabled 
to  make  this  sum  cover  all  of  his  expenses  and  yet  leave  some  for 
savings,  and  after  2  years  in  this  position  he  left  his  employers 
and  boldly  launched  into  business  on  his  own  account,  as  a  whole- 
sale grain  dealer.    In  the  beginning  he  made  a  specialty  of  solicit- 
ino'   business   through   the   steamboats,   plying   the   Red,    Ouachita, 
an'd  other  rivers  and  making  the  port  of  New  Orleans,  and  withm 
the  incredibly  short  time  of  about   1  year,  John  Holmes  Hanna 
had  won  the  "distinction  of  being  in  control  of  the  greater  part  of 
the  grain  busines  entering  tlie  port  of  New  Orleans.     His  business 
expanded  with  such  rapidity  that  he  soon  became  known  through- 
out all  the  region  as  "The  Corn  King  of  New  Orleans."    However, 
the  young  corn  operator  from  Londonderry,  Ireland,  went  steadily 
ahead,  and  within  a  few  years  his  name  appeared  among  the  list 
of  directors  of  the  New  Orleans  National  bank.     He   also  became 
a  stockholder  and  a  charter  member  of  the  Times-Democrat  Pub- 
lishing Co.,  treasurer  of  the  Orleans  Metal  Bed  Co.,  and  largely 
interested  in  the  GuUett  Gin  Co.,  of  Amite  City,  La.    He  continued 
active  in  the  grain  business  until  the  year  1892,  when,  it  is  said, 
he  was  forced  out  of  business  by  the  railroads.     j\Iarch  8,  1858, 
Capt.  John  Holmes  Hanna  was  married  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Spires, 
who  was  born  at  Cheltenham,  England,  and  came  to  America  when 
14  years  of  age.    She  died  in  the  year  1901.    To  their  union  7  chil- 
dren were  born,  these  being  at  this  time:     Ella  Virginia,  now  de- 
ceased, who  became  the  wife  of  Julius  Hoerner,  prominent  in  mer- 
cantile circles  at  Vicksburg,  Miss. ;  Capt.  J.  Stonewall  Hanna,  now 
vice-president  of  the  Orleans  Metal  Bed  Co.,  New  Orleans;  Rich- 
ard James  Hanna,  president   of  the   Orleans  Metal  Bed   Co.,   and 
elsewhere  referred  to  in  this  work;  Swinford  Spires  Hanna  and 
Charles  Holmes  Hanna  are  now  deceased;  Elizabeth  Lee  Hanna, 
now  residing  at  the  family  home   on  Louisiana  avenue.  New  Or- 
leans;  Robert   Hanna,   capitalist   and   stockholder   in  the   Orleans 
Metal  Bed  Co.,  several  banks  and  other  large  corporations  of  New 
Orleans,   also   elsewhere  referred  to   in  this  work.     J.    Stonewall 
Hanna,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  in  the  course  of  acquiring  his  edu- 
cation, attended  Soule  college,  at  New  Orleans,  and  later  the  Uni- 
versity of  Mississippi,  at  Oxford,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
the  class  of  1879.     When  he  had  completed  his  education,  he  be- 
came assistant  to  his  father  in  the  grain  business  and  remained  so 
employed  about  2  years,  when  he  accepted  a  position  as  clerk  on 


192  LOUISIANA 

a  river  boat.  He  remained  in  this  latter  connection  imtil  reaching 
his  21st  year,  when  he  received  his  papers  as  captain,  authorizing 
him  to  navigate  a  river  boat.  From  this  time  he  continued  on  the 
river  until  1909,  in  the  course  of  this  interesting  experience  oper- 
ating the  following  boats:  Bart  Able,  Lacrona,  John  H.  Hanua, 
Jesse  K.  Bell,  James  Wilson,  John  Howard,  Steamboat  St.  John, 
Laura  Lee,  Maria  Louise,  Blanks  Cornwell,  H.  Hanna  Blanks,  D. 
Stein,  Clara  S.,  Mabel  Co.  Mean,  and  the  St.  James,  the  latter 
being  the  last  boat  he  operated  on  the  river.  In  1909  he  retired 
from  the  river  and  became  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Or- 
leans Metal  Bed  Co.  At  this  time,  however,  he  occupies  the  posi- 
tion of  vice-president  of  this  corporation,  of  which  the  Hanna 
family  purchased  all  the  stock  in  the  year  1910.  This  company 
owns  and  operates  a  large  plant,  manufacturing  metal  and  brass 
beds  and  bed  springs,  and  ships  its  product  throughout  the  United 
States  and  Central  and  South  America.  Capt.  J.  Stonewall  Hanna 
also  is  largely  interested  in  several  other  important  corporations 
and  business  enterprises  in  New  Orleans  and  adjacent  regions,  and 
is  a  stockholder  in  the  New  Orleans  National  bank.  The  Gul- 
lett  Gin  Co.,  of  Amite  City,  La.;  the  U.  S.  Trust  &  Savings  bank, 
New  Orleans ;  The  Times-Democrat  Publisliing  Co.,  New  Orleans, 
and  the  Hibernia  Savings  bank,  of  New  Orleans.  Capt.  Hanna 
is  a  member  of  Trinity  Episcopal  church,  Jackson  avenue.  New 
Orleans.  June  1,  1882,  J.  Stonewall  Hanna  was  married  to  Miss 
Eloise  Carey,  a  daughter  of  T.  J.  and  Sarah  (Bracken)  Carey,  the 
former  of  whom  was  born  in  Ireland,  and  the  latter  in  New  Or- 
leans. Five  children  have  been  born  to  Capt.  and  IMrs.  Hanna, 
namely :  Eloise  Elizabeth,  now  Mrs.  George  W.  Richardson,  of 
Minneapolis,  Minn. ;  Ella  Virginia,  now  Mrs.  Joseph  W.  Dale,  of 
New  Orleans;  Ruby  Lee,  John  Holmes,  and  Ralph  Stonewall,  the 
latter  three  now  residing  at  the  parental  home  in  New  Orleans. 

Hargis,  Levi  M.,  of  Tliibodaux,  parish  of  Lafovirche,  educator, 
was  born  Dec.  20,  1831,  in  Ascension  parish,  near  Donaldsonville, 
La.,  the  son  of  Thomas  Hargis  (native  of  Virginia ;  died  at  Tliibo- 
daux), and  Felonize  (Cailloutte)  Hargis  (born  in  St.  James  parish; 
died  at  Thibodaux).  Thomas  Hargis  was  an  architect.  The  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  was  educated  in  private  schools,  finishing  his 
studies  under  the  tuition  of  Prof.  Shipstein,  with  whom  he  sub- 
sef|iiently  was  associated  in  the  conduct  of  a  school  in  partner- 
ship with  Drs.  Moorehead  and  Hall.  Mr.  Hargis  next  taught  in 
Thibodaux  college,  his  special  branch  l)eing  matheniatics ;  and 
became  principal  of  that  institution,  remaining  in  charge  for  22 
years ;  then  taught  in  a  private  school  for  3  years,  when  he  was 
again  called  to  fill  the  principalship  of  Thibodaux  college.  After 
8  years  of  service,  he  resigned  in  1908,  and  established  a  private 
school,  which  he  conducted  until  1911,  in  which  year  he  retired 
from  Avork.  With  the  exception  of  5  years  of  service  in  the  Con- 
federate army,  in  Company  G,  Lafourche  Creoles,  18th  La.  regi- 
ment, first  serving  as  1st  corporal,  and  next  promoted  to  first  lieu- 
tenant, and  then  to  captain.  Prof.  Hargis  was  engaged  in  edu- 
cational work  from  his  18th  to  his  77th  year.  Jan.  23,  1867,  Prof. 
Hargis   married   Miss   Mary   Aueoin,   of   Thibodaux,    daughter   of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  193 

Hubert  Aucoin,  a  native  of  Lafourche  parish,  son  of  Hyacinthe 
Aucoin,  who  also  was  born  in  the  parish  of  Lafourche.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Hargis  have  only  1  daughter  living,  of  4  children.  Her  name 
is  Lucille  M.  Hargis.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Catholic 
church.  In  his  long  and  useful  career,  devoted  to  education.  Prof. 
Hargis  had  neither  the  time  nor  the  inclination  to  belong  to  clubs 
and  associations,  but  mindful  of  his  duties  as  a  citizen,  he  always 
showed  an  interest  in  public  matters  by  affiliating  with  the  Dem- 
ocratic party,  and  exercising  liis  right  of  suffrage. 

Harrell,  Richard  F.,  M.  D.,  specialist  in  diseases  of  the  eye,  ear, 
nose  and  throat,  Alexandria,  La.;  was  born  in  Sparta,  Bienville 
parish.  La.,  Feb.  19,  1854;  son  of  Rev.  John  A.  and  Eliza  (Sim- 
mons) Harrell.  The  father  was  born  at  Twiggs,  Ga.  He  was  edu- 
cated at  Pensacola,  Fla.,  and  later  was  married  in  that  state.  He 
located  in  Bienville  parish.  La.,  in  1848,  and  passed  the  remainder 
of  his  life  in  that  parish,  where  he  died  at  the  age  of  85  years.  He 
was  a  minister  of  the  Baptist  church  for  many  years.  His  father, 
Henry  Harrell,  was  a  native  of  Charleston,  S.  C,  and  throughout 
life  followed  the  business  of  a  manufacturer.  The  Harrell 
family  in  America  is  of  English  and  Irish  ancestry.  Three  broth- 
ers of  the  family  came  from  England  together.  One  of  these  lo- 
cated in  North  Carolina,  one  in  South  Carolina,  and  one  in  Ten- 
nessee, at  a  very  early  date  in  the  history  of  the  country.  The 
mother  was  a  native  of  North  Carolina,  and  a  daughter  of  Luke 
R.  Simmons,  who  was  long  a  prominent  figure  in  political  affairs 
in  both  North  Carolina  and  Alabama.  He  served  in  the  house  of 
representatives  in  North  Carolina,  and  removing  to  Alabama, 
served  in  both  hovises  of  the  Alabama  legislature.  Richard  F. 
Harrell  was  the  third  of  7  sons  born  to  his  parents.  There  also 
were  3  daughters.  Of  these  children,  5  sons  and  1  daughter  are 
now  living.  He  was  educated  in  the  schools  at  Sparta  and  New 
Orleans,  and  then  entered  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  grad- 
uated with  the  degree  of  i\r.  D.  in  the  class  of  1879.  Following 
his  graduation,  he  located  at  Sparta,  La.,  and  there  began  the 
practice  of  medicine,  but  later  removed  to  Mt.  Lebanon,  La.,  and 
after  about  6  years  at  this  latter  location,  removed  to  Denver, 
Colo.,  where  he  held  a  position  during  1892-93  as  an  instructor  in 
the  Gross  Medical  college.  At  the  expiration  of  the  college  term 
of  the  latter  year,  he  returned  to  Louisiana  and  engaged  in  prac- 
tice at  Ruston,  where  he  remained  12  years.  In  March,  1906,  he 
removed  to  Alexandria,  La.,  and  has  since  been  in  practice  there. 
Dr.  Harrell  has  done  post-graduate  work  in  New  York,  Chicago, 
London  and  Paris,  and  has  visited  and  inspected  hospitals  and 
similar  institutions  in  many  parts  of  Europe,  for  purposes  of  ob- 
servation. He  did  special  post-graduate  work  in  New  York  City 
in  1912,  and  has  at  various  times  visited  the  city  for  similar  pur- 
poses. Dr.  Harrell  is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical 
society,  the  Rapides  parish  Medical  society,  the  American  Medical 
association,  the  Association  of  Railway  surgeons  of  the  Rock  Is- 
land system,  and  is  oculist  and  aurist  for  the  Rock  Island  R.  R. 
Co.  and  the  JMissouri  Pacific  R.  R.  Co.,  and  chairman  of  the  sec- 
tion of  eye,  ear,  nose  and  throat  of  the  State  Medical  society.  He 
III— 13 


194  LOUISIANA 

is  also  a  Royal  Arch  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  "Woodmen  of  the 
World.  Dr.  Harrell  has  been  twice  married.  Dee.  1,  1880,  he 
was  married  to  Miss  Clara  Tarver.  Mrs.  Harrell  died  in  1902, 
leaving  1  daughter,  Ruth,  now  Mrs.  C.  H.  Standifer,  of  Brady,  Tex. 
Dr.  Harrell 's  second  marriage  was  to  ilrs.  Sarah  McKee,  nee 
Perry,  born  at  Montgomery,  Ala.,  and  reared  in  Southern  Georgia. 
One  daughter,  Virginia,  has  been  born  to  this  union.  The  Doctor 
and  his  wife  are  members  of  the  Baptist  church,  he  being  a  deacon 
of  the  church.  In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  and  for  6  years  served 
as  coroner  of  Bienville  parish.  He  has  never  sought  political  hon- 
ors. In  public  atfairs  he  takes  a  commendable  interest,  and  is 
no  less  progressive  as  a  citizen  than  as  a  physician  and  surgeon. 

Harrington,  Eager  Roy,  M.  D.,  president  of  the  board  of  health 
of  Natchitoches  parish,  member  of  the  Natchitoches  city  board  of 
health,  is  a  prominent  physician  and  surgeon  in  North  Louisiana. 
He  was  born  in  Bastrop,  parish  of  Morehouse,  Sept.  30,  1874;  the 
son  of  William  Albert  and  Sarah  Ann  (Brown)  Harrington.  His 
father,  a  native  of  Ohio,  came  to  Louisiana  in  1860  and  located  at 
Mer  Rouge,  M^here  he  followed  the  profession  of  architect  and 
builder.  From  his  marriage  Avith  Miss  Sarah  Ann  Brown,  daugh- 
ter of  Isaac  Brown,  11  children  were  born,  10  of  whom  grew  to 
maturity.  Mr.  Harrington  died  Nov.  6,  1912,  aged  75  years ;  his 
wife  passed  away  in  her  65th  year.  Dr.  Harrington,  the  fifth  child 
and  second  son  in  the  family,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  Bastrop ;  studied  medicine  in  the  medical  department  of  Tulane 
university,  graduating  in  1906.  After  practicing  his  profession 
at  Minden,  La.,  for  1  year,  and  at  Trout,  La.,  for  5  years,  he  came 
to  Natcliitoches,  where  he  now  resides.  The  Doctor  is  a  member 
of  the  Red  River  Bi-Parish  Medical  society,  of  which  he  is  now 
president,  and  of  the  Louisiana  State  ]\Iedical  society;  the  Ameri- 
can Medical  association ;  and  of  the  Masonic  order,  the  Blue  Lodge, 
of  which  he  is  senior  warden.  Dr.  Harrington  married,  in  1899, 
Miss  Mary  Carter,  of  Louisiana.  They  have  1  son,  William  Albert 
Harrington. 

Harris,  William  H.,  well-known  New  Orleans  physician  and 
specialist  in  bacteriology,  was  born  in  Chillicothe,  0.,  Oct.  6,  1885; 
son  of  Delbert  and  Elizabeth  (Goeltz)  Harris,  born,  respectively,  in 
Virginia  and  Chillicothe,  0.,  where  the  mother  also  died  in  1887. 
The  father  was  a  graduate  of  the  University  of  Virginia,  after- 
ward became  a  sculptor,  and  followed  that  profession  throughout 
the  remainder  of  his  life.  When  7  years  old,  William  H.  Harris  was 
taken  to  New  Orleans,  La.,  where  he  afterward  became  a  stu- 
dent at  the  Jesuits'  college,  from  which  institution  he  graduated 
in  1902  and  in  the  same  year  entered  the  medical  department  of 
Tulane  university,  completing  the  course  and  taking  his  medical 
degree  at  Tulane  in  1907,  after  having  served  2  years — 1905-1907, 
inclusive — as  interne  in  the  New  Orleans  Charity  hospital.  For 
2  years  following  his  graduation  he  engaged  in  private  practice, 
in  connection  with  laboratory  work  at  Tuhine  as  assistant  demon- 
strator in  Pathology  and  Bacteriology.  In  1909  lie  gave  up  his 
general  practice  and  began  specializing  in  Patliology  and  Bac- 
teriology.   Since  1910  lie  lias  been  Pathologist  for  the  Presbyterian 


BIOGRAPHICAL  195 

hospital  at  New  Orleans,  and  since  1911  also  instructor  in  Pathol- 
ogy and  bacteriology  in  the  medical  department  of  Tulane  uni- 
versity. Dr.  Harris  is  a  member  of  the  Eoman  Catholic  church,  and 
is  also  affiliated  with  the  Orleans  Parish  Medical  association,  Lou- 
isiana State  Medical  association,  American  Medical  association, 
and  the  Phi  Chi  medical  fraternity.  Recently  Dr.  Harris  has  come 
into  national  prominence  through  research  connected  with  pel- 
lagra and  experiments  bearing  upon  infection  of  lower  animals 
with  that  disease.  The  preliminary  report  of  this  work  has  al- 
ready been  published. 

Hartson,  Maurice  J.,  of  New  Orleans,  insurance  agent,  was  liorn 
in  Jefferson,  Tex.,  Jan.  2,  1871,  the  son  of  Sigmund  Hartson,  a  na- 
tive of  Hamburg,  Germany,  who  came  to  America  when  about  20 
years  of  age,  and  engaged  in  the  wholesale   dry   goods  business 
in  New  Orleans.     He  moved  to  Jefferson,  Tex.,  "in   1870,   opening 
a  general  merchandise  store.     In  the  midst  of  a  successful  career 
he  died  in  Jefferson  at  the  age  of  29  years,  July  19,   1871.     His 
wife,  Alida  Freche,  born  in  New  Orleans,  was  the  daughter  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  William  Freche,  both  natives   of  France.     Mr.   Freche 
was  engaged  in  the  wholesale  cooperage  business,   and  was   also 
widely-known  as  an.  expert  in  champagne  and  wines,   and  in  the 
blending  of  these  products.     He  was  for  many  years  a  resident  of 
New  Orleans,  and  was  a  successful  man  of  affairs.     Mrs.  Hartson 
remarried  after  tlie  death  of  her  husband,  and  is  still  residing  in 
New  Orleans,  the  widow  of  Dr.  J.  F.  Mojonnier.     Maurice  J.  Hart- 
son is  her  second  son  by  first  marriage,  the  eldest  having  died  when 
6  months  of  age.     The  subject  of  this  sketcli  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools,  and  the  high  school,  of  New  Orleans.     After  work- 
ing as  clerk  for  about  2  years  on  Mississippi  river  steamboats,  he 
went  to  Orange,  Tex.,  to  take  up  a  position  with  the  firm  of  Lutcher 
&  Moore,  lumbermen;  thence  moved  to  Birmingham,  Ala.,  return- 
ing to  New  Orleans,  and  securing  employment  with  the  American 
Sugar   Refining   Co.;   next   entering  the   service   of  the   Southern 
Pacific  R.  R.  Co.  as  manager  of  the  Poydras  warehouse.     When 
that  warehouse  was  absorbed  by  the  N.   O.  Warehouse  Co.,  Mr. 
Hart.son  was  made  manager  of  the  latter,  and  was  in  charge  until 
June,  1913,  on  which  date  he  had  been  manager  for  20  years.  Since 
1904  he  has  been  in  the  general  insurance  business.     He  is  vice- 
president  of  the  Homeseekers'  Building  &  Homestead  association 
of  New  Orleans ;  was  twice  elected  vice-president  of  the  Louisiana 
Homestead  league.     In  1904,  Mr.  Hartson  was  elected  councilman- 
at-large  for  the  third  municipal  district  of  NeAv  Orleans,   during 
one  of  the  most  heated  of  political  campaigns  in  New  Orleans.    He 
was  made  chairman  of  the  Public  Order  committee,  serving  4  years. 
In  1908,  he  was  re-elected  without  opposition,  and  again  was  "chair- 
man of  the  Public  Order  committee,  until  chosen  chairman  of  the 
committee  on  Streets  &  Landings,  to  succeed  Samuel  T.   Gately, 
deceased.     He  also  served  on  the  Police  &  Public  Buildings  com- 
mittee, and  on  the  Finance  committee.     Many  important  measures, 
for  the  good  of  the  community,  and  of  the  district  he  represented, 
were  adopted  by  the  city  council,  through  tlie  efforts  of  Mr.  Hart- 
son.    He  is  a  member  of  the  Woodmen  of  the  World,  and  of  the 


196  LOUISIANA 

Knights  of  Columbus.  Married,  Oct.  10,  1900,  Miss  Marguerite 
Anne  Calonge,  daughter  of  F.  W.  and  Augusta  Corinne  (Bienvenu) 
Calonge,  of  New  Orleans.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hartson  have  7  children : 
Marguerite,  Lillian,  Maurice,  Jr.,  James  A.,  Mildred  and  Miriam 
(twins),  and  William  J.  The  family  resides  in  Mr.  Hartson 's  hand- 
some home,  No.  2523  Columbus  street. 

Hawthorn,  John  W.,  attorney,  Alexandria,  La.,  was  born  in  Jack- 
son parisli.  La.,  July  18,  1872,  the  son  of  Fred  and  Dorcas  (Lewis) 
Hawthorn.  His  father  was  a  native  of  Virginia  and  came  to  Lou- 
isiana in  1853,  locating  in  Jackson  parish,  where  he  died  at  the 
age  of  86  years.  The  grandfatlier,  Boland,  was  a  native  of  England. 
John  W.  Hawthoi'n's  mother  was  born  in  Alabama,  the  daughter 
of  Oliver  Lewis,  who  was  of  Welsh  origin.  John  W.  Hawthorn's 
boyhood  days  were  spent  on  the  farm  and  he  attended  the  public 
schools  about  15  months.  He  started  out  at  the  age  of  13,  work- 
ing for  !i!6  per  month,  and  at  the  age  of  19  began  working  in  a 
saw  mill,  where  he  remained  for  about  1  year.  He  then  taught 
country  school  1  year,  having  kept  i;p  liis  private  study  and  thereby 
obtaining  an  education  enabling  him  to  teach.  He  then  went  to 
New  Orleans,  where  he  was  employed  for  9  years  in  the  Federal 
custom  service.  W'hile  in  this  service  he  studied  law  in  Tulane 
university,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1896.  In  1902  he  engaged 
in  the  practice  of  law  at  Ruston,  La.,  where  he  remained  until 
1909,  when  he  located  at  Alexandria,  forming  the  partnership  with 
A.  B.  Hundley.  In  1896  he  married  Miss  IMabel  Lewis,  daughter  of 
Robert  M.  and  Eliza  (Stinson)  Lewis.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Haw- 
thorn 4  children  have  been  born,  as  follows:  Robert  B.,  Mabel, 
Lillian  and  jMildred.  ]\Ir.  Hawthorn  is  a  member  of  the  B.  P.  O.  E. 
and  of  the  Unitarian  church.  He  is  a  self-made  man  in  every  sense 
of  the  word. 

Heath,  Arthur  G.,  M.  D.,  of  Shreveport,  La.,  prominent  in  his 
profession,  was  born  Dee.  5,  1888,  in  Minden,  Webster  parish,  La., 
the  son  of  George  L.  and  Callie  (Kinnebrew)  Heath.  His  father,  a 
native  of  Georgia,  emigrated  to  Louisiana,  and  engaged  in  general 
mercantile  Imsiness  at  Homer,  Clailiorne  parish,  where  he  is  looked 
upon  as  one  of  the  substantial  citizens  of  the  town.  Mrs.  Heath 
was  born  in  Louisiana  and  is  still  living.  The  family  is  composed 
of  3  children:  L.  Eddie  Heath,  a  business  man  residing  in  Homer; 
Annie  K.,  professor  of  music  in  the  Homer  high  school ;  and  Dr. 
Arthur  G.  Heath.  The  latter  became  a  citizen  of  Homer  when  his 
parents  removed  from  Minden,  during  his  infancy.  After  going 
through  the  usual  preliminary  studies  in  private  schools,  he  en- 
tered the  Ouachita  Baptist  college,  and  leaving  the  latter  institu- 
tion, matriculated  in  tlie  medical  department  of  the  University  of 
Nashville,  from  which  he  graduated  May,  1910,  afterwards  passing 
an  examination  before  the  Louisiana  state  board  of  medical  ex- 
aminers. Dr.  Heath  continued  his  medical  studies  at  Homer,  at 
the  sanitarium,  in  association  with  Dr.  Gibson,  and  in  1912  was 
elected  the  secretary  of  that  ('stal)lishment.  At  intervals  since  the 
year  ]910,  Dr.  Heath  practiced  at  Colciuitt,  and  at  Homer.  In  tlie 
latter  part  of  the  year  1912  lie  accepted  a  position  on  the  house 
staff  of  the  Grace  hospital  at  Detroit,  Mich.,  resigning  in  1913  to 


Alvin  E.  IIkbiort 
Secretary  of  State 


BIOGRAPHICAL  197 

occupy  the  place  of  surgeon  for  the  Dodge  Brothers'  Automobile 
]\Ianufacturing  Co.,  with  which  corporation  he  remained  until  the 
end  of  1913.     Dr.  Heath  then  established  himself  in  Shreveport. 

Hebert,  Alvin  Edward,  attorney  and  secretary  of  state  of  Lou- 
isiana— Baton  Rouge,  La. — was  born  at  the  family  farm  home, 
near  Plaquemine,  La.,  Jan.  5,  1878 ;  son  of  the  late  Alexander  and 
Clarissa  Elizabeth  (Roth)  Hebert.  The  son  was  reared  on  the 
plantation,  and  in  the  local  parochial  schools  received  his  early 
scholastic  training.  In  Sept.,  1891,  at  the  age  of  13  years,  he 
matriculated  at  Spring  Hill  college,  IMobile,  Ala.,  where  he  com- 
pleted a  classical  course,  graduating  in  1897  with  the  degree  of 
bachelor  of  arts.  From  the  same  institution  he  received  the  degree 
of  master  of  arts  in  1898,  and  in  1912  the  degree  of  doctor  of  laws 
was  conferred  upon  liim  by  Spring  Hill  college.  In  the  law  school 
of  Tulane  university  of  Louisiana,  Mr.  Herbert  studied  for 
the  legal  profession,  and  in  1899  passed  an  examination  before 
the  supreme  court  of  Louisiana  and  received  his  license  to  practice 
as  an  attorney.  Shortly  following  this  he  began  the  practice  of 
law  in  New  Orleans,  where  his  abilities  soon  won  recognition,  and 
the  young  attorney  rose  rapidly  in  the  ranks  of  his  profession. 
During  a  term  of  nearly  11  years  he  was  associated  with  Mr.  John 
Dymoud,  Jr.,  in  professional  practice.  Aug.  22,  1902,  he  was  com- 
missioned a  notary  public.  As  a  member  of  the  Democratic  party, 
ilr.  Hebert  has  l)een  active  in  politics  since  early  manhood,  and  in 
1912  received  the  nomination  of  his  party  for  the  office  of  secre- 
tary of  state,  being  thereafter  successfully  elected  to  that  impor- 
tant station  for  a  term  of  four  years,  which  he  is  now  serving  with 
a  manifest  ability  that  is  pleasing  to  the  most  sanguine  of  his 
numerous  friends.  Jan.  6,  1909,  Mr.  Hebert  was  married  to  Miss 
Beatrice  Berthelot,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Victor  Berthelot,  a 
prominent  sugar  planter  of  Iberville  parish,  and  they  have  3  chil- 
dren, namely :  Alvin  Edward,  Jr.,  Beatrice,  and  Dorothy,  ilr. 
Hebert  is  an  active  member  of  the  Louisiana  bar  associatiou. 

Hebert,  Clarence  Samuel,  lawyer,  is  a  native  son  of  Louisiana, 
l)oru  in  Iberville  parish,  Aug.  1,  1875;  the  son  of  Alexander  and 
Clarissa  (Roth)  Hebert.  His  parents  were  born  in  the  parish  of 
Iberville,  and  his  paternal  grandfather,  Ribert  Hebert,  also  was 
born  in  this  same  parish,  and  was  a  prominent  planter,  residing  at 
St.  Raphael's,  opposite  St.  Gabriel,  in  Iberville  parish.  Alexander 
Hebert,  born  Jan.  13,  1840,  served  4  years  in  the  Confederate  army, 
in  which  he  enlisted  as  a  private,  but  the  major  poi-tion  of  the 
time  he  served  as  captain  under  Col.  William  G.  Vincent.  He  be- 
came a  lawyer,  and  served  with  distinction  for  16  years  as  dis- 
trict attorney  of  the  district  composed  fu'st  of  Iberville,  East  and 
"West  Baton  Rouge  parishes,  and  later  of  Iberville,  West  Baton 
Rouge  and  Pointe  Coupee,  and  for  years  he  was  identitied  with 
the  educational  interests  of  his  locality,  being  a  member  of  the 
public  school  board  and  also  parish  superintendent  of  public 
schools.  jMr.  Hebert 's  mother  died  in  1881,  and  his  father  died 
in  1913.  ilr.  Hebert  is  a  descendant  of  the  Acadians,  who  came 
to  Louisiana  about  the  middle  of  the  18th  century.  Hon.  Paul 
Octave  Hebert,  12th  governor  of  the  State  of  Louisiana,  was  of  the 


198  LOUISIANA 

same  family.  lu  Plaqnemiue,  Mr.  Hebert  was  reared,  and  there 
given  his  pi-eliminary  education.  From  Spring  Hill  college  he  re- 
ceived his  degree  of  A.  B.,  in  1894,  and  that  of  A.  M.,  in  1895,  and 
still  later,  in  1907,  that  institution  conferred  upon  him  the  degree 
of  LL.D.  He  took  up  the  study  of  law  in  Tulane  university  after 
graduating  at  Spring  Hill,  and  he  received  the  degree  of  LL.B.  in 
1895,  in  which  year  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar.  At  his  home  city, 
Plaquemine,  he  began  the  practice  of  law  in  association  with  his 
father.  In  1903,  j\Ir.  Hebert  was  appointed  assistant  treasurer  of 
the   United   States  at  New   Orleans,  which  position  he   held  until 

1911,  when  he  was  appointed  collector  of  customs.  Mr.  Hebert 
has  been  a  resident  of  New  Orleans  since  Sept.,  1903,  when  he  en- 
tered upon  his  duties  as  assistant  U.  S.  treasurer.  In  politics  he 
is  a  Republican ;  in  church  faith,  a  Catholic ;  fraternally,  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Knights  of  Columbus  and  the  Benevolent  &  Protective 
Order  of  Elks.  In  the  practice  of  law  he  is  associated  with  the 
firm  of  Guion,  Lambremout  &  Hebert,  with  offices  at  412,  413  and 
414  Godchaux  building.  His  partners  are  Judge  Walter  Guion,  and 
former  Lieut-Gov.  P.  M.  Lambemont.  Hon.  Alvin  E.  Hebert,  a  brother, 
is  now  secretary  of  state,  having  been  elected  to  that  position  in  April, 

1912.  In  1896,  Mr.  Hebert  married  Miss  Ethel  Ducote,  daughter 
of  Dr.  C.  J.  Ducote,  a  prominent  physician  of  Avoyelles  parish, 
La.,  \Vho  served  4  years  as  state  senator  and  1  term  as  president  of 
of  the  state  medical  society.  Six  children  have  been  born  unto 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hebert :  They  are  by  name  as  follows :  C.  J.  Ducote, 
a  student  at  the  Louisiana  State  university;  Zilpah,  Mercia,  Mollie 
Day,  Elizabeth  and  Clarence  Samuel  Hebert  11. 

Henderson,  James  Alfred,  M.  D.,  New  Orleans;  was  born  in  New 
York  City,  Feb.  11,  1881 ;  son  of  William  H.  and  Clara  (Ulman) 
Henderson.  The  father  was  born  in  New  York  City,  and  is  now  a 
resident  of  New  Orleans;  mother  was  born  in  Bay  St.  Louis,  Miss., 
and  is  living  at  this  time.  Members  of  the  Henderson  family  have 
long  been  residents  of  New  York  state.  The  maternal  grandfather, 
James  Ulman,  was  a  native  of  Boston,  Mass.  He  located  at  New 
Orleans  when  cpite  a  young  man,  and  shortly  afterward  was  at- 
tacked with  yellow  fever.  Following  his  recovery,  he  engaged  in 
business  as  architect  and  builder,  and  some  time  afterward  moved 
to  Bay  St.  Louis,  Miss..  He  was  soon  elected  mayor  of  Bay  St. 
Louis,  and  took  an  important  part  in  the  growth  and  de- 
velopment of  the  town  and  its  surroundings,  in  the  course  of  which 
improvement  he  supervised  tlie  erection  of  many  of  the  most  im- 
portant biiildings.  During  the  Civil  war  he  served  in  the  Confed- 
erate army,  and  was  also  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  gun- 
powder and  cannon  for  the  army.  He  died  at  Bay  St.  Louis,  being 
at  the  time  of  his  death  mayor  of  the  city.  In  1897  William  H. 
Henderson,  with  his  family,  located  at  Bay  St.  Louis,  and  has  since 
that  time  conducted  an  insurance  business  there.  James  Alfred 
Henderson  was  educated  in  public  and  private  schools  at  New 
York  City.  In  1889  he  entered  the  medical  department  of  Tulane 
university,  graduating  in  1903.  Immediately  afterward  he  was  ap- 
pointed medical  inspector  for  the  Louisiana  state  board  of  health, 
and  after  serving  in  this  position   about   12  months  was  sent  to 


BIOGRAPHICAL  199 

Beaumont,  Tex.,  in  the  U.  S.  Marine  hospital  service,  in  connection 
with  a  yellow  fever  epidemic  in  Texas,  remaining  there  until  the 
epidemic  conditions  had  passed.  In  1904:  he  began  the  practice 
of  medicine  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  and  has  so  continued.  In 
1904  he  was  commissioned  by  Gov.  Blanchard  as  assistant  sur- 
geon of  the  Naval  Jlilitia,  and  has  since  received  a  commission 
from  Gov.  Hall,  as  surgeon  with  the  rank  of  lieutenant-commander. 
At  the  present  time  he  is  one  of  the  senior  assistants  to  Dr.  Dana, 
at  the  New  Orleans  charity  hospital.  Dr.  Henderson  has  been  a 
member  of  the  Commission  board  of  health  of  New  Orleans  since 
1912,  and  was  also  a  member  of  the  City  board  of  health  previous 
to  that  time.  The  Doctor  is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State  and 
Orleans  parish  medical  associations  and  of  the  Young  Men's  gym- 
nastic club.     He  is  engaged  in  general  practice  and  surgery. 

Henriques,  Albert  David,  distinguished  criminal    lawyer    and    a 
prominent  citizen  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  on  the  Island  of  St. 
Thomas,  Jan.  26,   1842.     His  parents   were    Jacob    and    Rachael 
(Desola)  Henriques.     His  father  was  a  native  of  England  and  so 
was  his  paternal  grandfather,  but  his  paternal  great-grandfather 
was  born  in  Spain,  and  the  name  Henriques  is  of  Spanish  origin. 
The  mother  of  Mr.  Henriques  was  born  on  the  Island  of  St.  Thomas 
and  was  of  Holland  parentage.     Mr.  Henriques  was  sent  to  New 
Orleans  to  be  educated  in  the  year  1852.     In  1854  his  father  re- 
moved to  this  city.     In  185;:!,  in  order  to  escape  the  yellow  fever 
then  raging  in  New  Orleans,  he  was  sent  to  the  city  of  New  York 
where  he  attended  a  private  school  and  later  New  York  college. 
In  1856  he  returned  to  New  Orleans  and  became  a  law  student  in 
the  office  of  Judge  J.  B.  Cotton.     In  1860  he  graduated  in  the 
law  from  the  University  of  Louisiana,  and  in  March,  1861,  he  was 
admitted  before  the  supreme  court  of  Louisiana  to  practice  law, 
but  he  did  not  then  begin  the  practice  of  law,  for  the  Civil  war 
came  on,  and  in  April,  1861,  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army  as 
a  private  in  Company  A,   New  Orleans   cadets,  which  was  com- 
manded by  Capt.  Charles  D.  Dreux.     He  served  in  the  army  for 
4  years,  1  month  and  1  day.     During  the  first  year,  Mr.  Henriques 
served  in  the  infantry,  and  thereafter  in  the  artillery,  under  Capt. 
Charles  E.  Penner.     During  the  trying  days  of  the  reconstruction 
period  following  the  Civil  war,  Mr.  Henriques  was  active  in  re- 
gaining   control    of    affairs    from     the     "carpet-baggers,"    and    by 
reason  of  his  connection  with  an  organized  company  at  that  time 
he  has  since  borne  among  those  who  know  him  the  title  of  cap- 
tain.    Soon  after  the  war,  Capt.  Henriques   actively   entered  into 
the  practice  of  law  in  New  Orleans,  and  for  a  period  of  nearly  a 
half-century  he  has  been  numbered  among  the  leading  lawyers  of 
the  New  Orleans  bar.    For  more  than  20  years  he  has  made  a  spe- 
cialty of  the  criminal  law,  and  during  this  period  has  been  con- 
nected with   many  of  the  most  important  criminal  cases  in   New 
Orleans  and  other  parts  of  the  state.    He  lias  won  an  enviable  rep- 
utation as  a  criminal  lawyer,  being  recognized  as  one  of  the  ablest 
criminal  lawyers  of  the  South.     Mr.  Henriques  has  never  sought 
political  preferment,  and  aside  from  being  for  4  years  assistant 
district  attorney  and  for  2  years  attorney  for  the  collector  of  in- 


200  '  LOUISIANA 

lieritance  taxes,  he  has  held  no  political  positiou.  In  politics  he 
has  always  been  an  ardent  Democrat,  and  he  is  a  communicant 
of  the  Episcopal  church.  In  1868  Capt.  Henriques  and  Margaretta 
Elodia  Clark  were  united  in  marriage.  Mrs.  Henriques  was  born 
in  New  Orleans,  and  her  father  was  the  late  James  S.  Clark,  who 
came  from  Kentucky  to  New  Orleans,  where  he  became  a  mer- 
chant. He  was  a  Confederate  veteran  and  served  with  gallantry 
in  the  war  of  secession.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Henriques  were  born 
the  following  children:  James  C.  Henriques,  a  lawyer;  Nellie 
Frederica;  Albert  D.,  a  lawyer;  Mai'garet  B.,  and  Joseph.  The 
last  named  is  deceased. 

Henriques,  James  C,  lawyer  and  resident  of  New  Orleans,  was 
born  in  this  city,  April  17,  1870,  and  is  a  son  of  Albert  David  Hen- 
riques, a  distinguished  criminal  lawyer,  a  personal  sketch  of  whom 
appears  elsewhere  in  this  volume.  Mr.  Henriques  was  reared  in 
New  Orleans,  where  he  attended  the  public  schools.  He  entered 
Tulane  university,  and  after  becoming  a  member  of  the  Junior 
class,  he  cjuite  the  university  to  learn  the  patternmaker's  trade. 
His  purpose  was  to  become  a  mechanical  engineer,  but  after  3 
years  of  experience  in  the  machine  shop,  Mr.  Henriques  took  up 
the  study  of  law,  and  in  1893  graduated  from  Tulane  university, 
and  in  association  with  the  late  Branch  K.  Miller,  he  began  the 
practice  of  law.  He  remained  with  Mr.  IMiller  iintil  the  latter 's 
death  in  1906,  since  when  Mr.  Henriques  has  been  alone  in  the 
practice  of  law.  For  years  he  has  been  active  in  politics  as  a  Dem- 
ocrat. In  1900  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  legisla- 
ture, and  for  12  years  served  in  tlie  lower  house.  He  drafted  the 
bill  that  became  the  present  primary  election  law  of  the  state; 
he  introduced  the  bill  providing  for  the  issilance,  by  the  Dock 
Board,  of  bonds  for  building  wharves,  and  also  the  bill  for  the 
erection  of  the  new  courthouse  in  New  Orleans,  and  in  1912  closed 
his  last  term  in  the  legislature.  For  the  last  17  years  Mr.  Henriques 
has  been  a  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish  Democratic  commit- 
tee, of  which  he  is  the  present  chairman. 

Henry,  Burt  W.,  is  a  native  son  of  Louisiana.  He  was  born  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  Feb.  5,  1878,  as  the  youngest  of  5  children 
born  unto  William  and  Sarah  (IMcDonough)  Henry.  The  parents 
were  born  in  Ireland;  the  father  in  Belfast,  and  the  mother  in  Dub- 
lin. They  were  brought  to  this  country  when  young,  by  their  par- 
ents, the  Henry  family  settling  at  Thornton,  Canada,  and  the  Mc- 
Donough  family  located  at  New  Orleans.  William  Henry,  the 
father,  grew  to  manhood  in  Canada  and  as  a  young  man  came  to 
New  Orleans,  where  he  met  and  married  Sarah  McDonough.  He 
was  a  veteran  of  the  Jlexican  war,  in  which  he  served  with  gal- 
lantry. In  New  Orleans  he  engaged  in  contracting  business  in  the 
firm  of  Fayssoux  &  Henry,  which  were  builders  of  railways  and 
constructors  of  streets.  The  firm  became  prominent  and  success- 
ful, and  Mr.  Henry  was  held  in  high  esteem  as  a  business  man  and 
honored  as  a  progressive  citizen.  He  died  at  New  Orleans,  Feb. 
2,  1888,  at  the  age  of  66  years,  and  his  wife  survived  him  for  20 
years.  Slic  died  in  1908  at  the  age  of  72  years.  They  had  the  fol- 
lowing children:    Wallace  B.,  William  A.    (deceased),     Burt    W. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  201 

Sarali,  Laura,  and  JIaiy.  The  children  were  reared  in  New  Or- 
leans, and  the  family  has  long  been  numbered  among  the  promi- 
nent of  the  city.  Burt  W.  Henry,  whose  name  forms  the  caption 
of  this  personal  sketch,  was  prepared  for  college  in  Leche's  school 
of  New  Orleans.  He  then  took  an  academic  course  in  Tulane  uni- 
versity, from  which  institution  he  graduated  in  the  law,  receiving 
the  degree  of  LL.B.  in  1899.  Since  1901,  ]\Ir.  Henry  has  been  con- 
tinuously engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  in  New  Orleans,  and  dur- 
ing t'his  period  of  time  has  built  up  a  remunerative  practice  and 
won  for  himself  an  enviable  reputation  as  a  lawyer.  He  has  never 
sought  political  preferment,  his  preference  being  to  devote  his 
time  and  energy  to  his  professional  work.  Mr.  Henry  is  prominent 
in  fraternal  and  club  relations.  He  is  a  thirty-second  degree  Scot- 
tish Rite  Jlason  and  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Arabic  Order  of  No- 
bles of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Boston  and 
Louisiana  clubs,  of  New  Orleans. 

Herndon,  Edward  B.,  of  Slu-eveport,  La.,  lawyer,  was  born  Jlareh 
12,  1849,  in  Jlead  County,  Kentucky,  the  son  of  William  and  ilary 
(Woolfolk)  Herndon,  who  were  both  natives  of  Virginia,  and  who 
emigrated  to  Texas  in  1861  and  owned  a  plantation.  They  removed  to 
Louisiana  in  1868,  locating  on  a  plantation  4  miles  from  Shreveport. 
Mr.  Herndon  was  56  years  old,  and  his  wife,  76,  when  death  overtook 
them.  Edward  B.  Herndon  was  the  third  son  in  the  family  of  six. 
He  was  reared  in  Kentucky  and  in  Texas,  and  was  educated  at  Waco, 
Texas,  university;  also  under  private  tutors,  and  at  the  University 
of  Virginia,  graduating  with  the  degi-ee  of  Bachelor  of  Laws  in  1870. 
He  went,  soon  after  receiving  his  diploma,  to  Shreveport,  where  he  has 
been  practising  his  profession  during  the  last  44  years,  an  honorable, 
able  and  veteran  practitioner.  He  has  held  public  office  but  twice :  as 
parish  attorney  for  the  Parish  of  Caddo,  and  as  member  of  the  city 
council.  He  is  the  owner  of  a  large  plantation,  7  miles  from  Shreve- 
port ;  is  a  member  of  the  order  Knights  of  Pythias.  Oct.  14,  1874,  Mr. 
Herndon  married  Miss  Mary  F.  Wise,  daughter  of  Dr.  Jacob  S.  Wise, 
of  Greenwood,  Caddo  parish.  They  are  the  parents  of  2  children, 
Mary  S.,  ^vife  of  R.  0.  Alexander,  of  Charlotte,  N.  C,  and  Edward 
B.  Jr.,  in  partnership  with  his  father  in  the  practice  of  law. 

Herold,  Arthur  A.,  M.  D.,  suecesful  physician  and  surgeon,  Shreve- 
port, was  born  at  Shreveport.  La.,  Feb.  3,  1882;  son  of  Simon  and 
Rosa  (Simmons)  Herold,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Germany 
and  the  latter  in  the  state  of  New  York.  The  father  died  in  1909, 
mother  in  1914.  Arthur  A.  Herold 's  boyhood  was  passed  in  the  city 
in  which  he  was  born,  where,  in  the  course  of  his  education,  he  attended 
the  public  schools  and  in  due  time  graduated  from  the  high  school. 
Following  the  completion  of  his  academic  education  the  young  man 
accepted  a  position  as  bookkeeper  for  mercantile  houses  and  remained 
in  this  position  about  5  years,  when  he  resigned  to  matriculate  in  the 
medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  at  New  Orleans,  from  which 
institution  of  learning  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the 
class  of  1907,  having  in  the  meantime  served  2  yeai-s  as  an  interne  at 
the  New  Orleans  charity  hospital.  Shortly  following  his  graduation 
the  doctor  opened  oiHces  at  the  city  of  Shreveport  and  has  since  de- 
voted his  abilities  to  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  that  city,  and 


202  LOUISIANA 

with  most  gratifying  success.  He  is  a  member  of  the  American 
Medical,  Shreveport  Medical,  Tri-State  Medical,  and  Railway  Sur- 
geons associations;  Shreveport  Lodge  No.  122,  Benevolent  and  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks,  and  Shreveport  Camp  No.  571,  Woodmen  of  the 
"World.  The  doctor  served  as  health  officer  for  the  city  of  Shreve- 
port during  the  year  1912,  but  resigned  to  accept  the  office  of  coroner, 
to  which  he  had  been  elected  and  of  which  position  he  is  incumbent  at 
this  time.  He  also  acts  as  surgeon  for  the  Kansas  City  Southern  & 
Texas  &  Pacific  R.  R.,  and  as  medical  examiner  for  a  number  of  in- 
surance companies  doing  business  at  Shreveport.  Jan.  24,  1912,  Dr. 
Herold  was  married  to  Miss  Eda  Loeb,  a  daughter  of  Mr.  H.  Loeb  of 
Shreveport.  Two  sons,  Simon  and  Herman,  has  been  born  to  their 
union. 

Hester,  Henry  Garretson,  world-famoi;s  authority  and  cotton 
statistician,  secretary  and  superintendent  of  the  New  Orleans  cotton 
exchange,  was  born  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  La.,  Nov.  18,  1846. 
His  father,  Charles  Hester,  was  a  British  subject,  and  was  very  prom- 
inent in  real  estate  circles  of  New  Orleans  and  Louisiana  years  ago. 
Henry  Garretson  Hester,  the  son,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  New  Orleans  and  later  studied  law  in  the  office  of  the  late  Judge 
H.  P..  Eggleston  for  a  considerable  time,  but  did  not  prosecute  his  legal 
studies  to  a  conclusion,  being  attracted,  it  appears,  by  the  lure  of  the 
reportorial  field,  which,  as  the  years  have  gone  by,  has  been  the  school 
from  which  so  many  men  of  brilliant  achievements  have  graduated 
He  became  a  reporter  for  the  Price  Current,  then  a  famous  commer- 
cial and  financial  paper  published  at  New  Orleans,  and  in  addition 
to  his  duties  in  connection  with  the  Price  Current  soon  also  filled  the 
position  of  financial  editor  of  the  Daily  Picayune.  Then,  in  this 
double  capacity,  seemingly  content  with  the  material  at  hand  upon 
which  to  exercise  his  energies  and  apply  his  abilities,  the  young  man 
settled  down  to  the  work  of  developing  a  career  that  has  challenged  the 
attention  and  compelled  the  admiration  of  the  agricultural,  commer- 
cial and  financial  world.  His  connection  with  a  number  of  organiza- 
tions of  importance  rapidly  developed  his  abilities  as  a  man  of  figures, 
and  upon  the  organization  of  the  New  Orleans  cotton  exchange  in  1871 
young  Hester  was  urged  by  its  founders  to  accept  the  position  of 
secretary  of  the  exchange,  though  there  were  many  applications  for 
this  place.  He  finallj'  consented  to  take  the  seeretai-yship  on  condi- 
tion that  it  was  not  to  be  allowed  to  interfere  with  his  other  work.  It 
is  said  that  never  for  a  moment  since  his  installation  as  secretary  of 
the  New  Orleans  cotton  exchange,  even  during  the  years  through 
which  he  served  as  associate  editor  of  the  Cotton  World,  has  he  been 
out  of  touch  with  the  workings  of  that  institution,  even  though  ab- 
sent from  the  city  for  longer  or  shorter  periods.  He  originated  and 
perfected  the  system  of  statistics  that  is  used,  and  has  made  it  prob- 
ably the  most  perfect  system  known.  Throughout  the  world  his  statis- 
tics on  the  cotton  crop  have  become  famous  and  invaluable.  Speaking 
of  this  early  work  some  years  ago,  the  famous  secretary  said:  "I 
worked  on  the  subject  of  telegrai)hie  information  and  perfected  the 
system  to  such  an  extent  that  men  in  the  cotton  trade  found  the  ad- 
vantages so  great  that  they  could  not  well  do  business  outside  the  ex- 
change.   I  organized  a  system  of  statistical  information  especially  de- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  203 

signed  for  the  business  of  the  South  that  was  afterward  copied  by  the 
exchanges  of  Savannah,  Mobile,  Charleston,  Galveston,  Houston  and 
other  places,  where  they  were  subsequently  organized.  At  that  time 
we  furnished  merely  daily  information,  but  after  a  few  years  I  made 
up  my  mind  that  a  statement  of  the  entire  cotton  crop  movement  was 
needed.  We  called  a  convention  of  the  all  the  cotton  exchanges  in  the 
country  to  arrange  a  perfect  news  system  and  other  matters  of  com- 
mon interest  to  cotton  centers.  The  result  was  an  arrangement  by 
which  we  took  in  hand  and  gave  out  figures  monthly.  This  combina- 
tion was  kept  up  for  quite  a  number  of  years.  The  first  national  sec- 
retary was  John  S.  Toof,  of  Memphis,  and  subsequently  S.  H.  Buck, 
of  New  Orleans,  but  the  statistics  of  the  National  Cotton  exchange 
were  made  up  by  myself.  Finally  Mr.  Toof  retired,  and  I  was  per- 
suaded to  take  the  national  secretaryship,  which  I  held  for  some  time 
in  conjunction  with  the  secretaryship  of  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  ex- 
change. After  some  years  I,  too,  retired  from  the  position,  being  suc- 
ceeded for  several  yeai-s  by  C.  Harrison  Parker,  and  later  the  National 
exchange,  having  accomplished  the  work  for  which  it  was  instituted, 
was  abandoned."  The  secretary  referred  to  the  testimonial  given  him 
by  the  National  exchange  at  the  time  of  its  meeting  at  Old  Point  Com- 
fort, which  he  has  framed  and  hung  upon  the  wall  in  his  office.  This 
represented  the  sentiment  of  the  cotton  business  of  the  United  States. 
Secretary  Hester  was  one  of  the  representatives  of  New  Orleans  at  all 
of  the  conventions  of  the  National  Cotton  exchange  during  its  exis- 
tence. That  organization,  he  says,  did  a  great  deal  of  good  in  the  way 
of  bringing  about  a  cordial  feeling  among  all  branches  of  the  trade 
throughout  the  country,  and  laid  the  groundwork  for  material  im- 
provements in  the  system  of  gathering  information  about  the  growing 
crop.  This  noted  citizen  of  New  Orleans  has  held  a  great  many  im- 
portant commissions  not  directly  connected  with,  but  growing  out  of, 
his  eminent  standing  in  the  cotton  world.  In  the  70 's  he  was  expert 
for  the  Bureau  of  Internal  Commerce,  Treasury  Department,  getting 
up  reports  on  the  commerce  of  New  Orleans  and  the  industries  and 
agriculture  of  Louisiana.  He  held  this  commission  eleven  years.  He 
was  a  delegate  to  the  convention  of  cotton  trades  of  the  United  States, 
a  delegate  to  the  Southern  Postal  convention  at  Old  Point  Comfort, 
and  has  represented  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  exchange  at  many  im- 
portant gatherings  of  those  directly  interested  in  the  South 's  great 
staple  since  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  exchange  was  organized.  Gov. 
M.  J.  Poster  made  Sec.  Hester  a  member  of  his  staff,  with  the  rank 
of  colonel,  and  he  held  the  same  position  on  the  staffs  of  Gov.  W.  W. 
Heard  and  Gov.  J.  Y.  Sanders.  Gov.  Foster  also  appointed  Col.  Hes- 
ter a  memlier  of  the  state  board  of  labor  and  arbitration.  He  was 
elected  president  of  that  board,  and  took  am  active  part  in  efforts  to 
settle  labor  troubles  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  especiallj'  in  the  case 
of  the  differences  between  the  street  railway  company  and  its  em- 
ployes. He  was  vice-chairman  of  the  Merchants'  Committee  on  Labor. 
He  was  a  delegate-at-large  to  the  State  constitutional  convention  of 
1898,  and  during  the  sessions  of  that  assembly  filled  the  position  of 
chairman  to  the  committees  on  Agriculture  and  Immigration,  on  Cor- 
porations and  Corporate  Rights,  and  on  Affairs  of  the  city  of  New 
Orleans.     When  the  question  of  the  selection  of  a  member  of  the 


204  LOUISIANA 

Panama  Canal  commission  from  the  South  was  raised,  Col.  Hester 
was  at  once  put  forward  by  his  friends.  He  was  indorsed  by  the 
financial  centers  of  the  whole  South,  and  his  fitness  recognized  through- 
out the  country,  but  it  was  decided  that  an  engineer  was  required  in 
this  position,  and  therefore  Maj.  B.  M.  Harrod  received  the  appoint- 
ment. Col.  Hester's  candidacy  at  that  time  demonstrated  in  a  re- 
markable manner  the  confidence  and  esteem  in  which  he  is  held  by  the 
imited  commercial  interests  of  the  Nation.  He  has  written  a  great 
deal  for  publication  on  financial  and  commercial  subjects,  at  the  same 
time  never  for  a  moment  failing  to  keep  thoroughly  up  with  the  in- 
tricate duties  of  his  varied  important  commissions.  Though  a  mem- 
ber of  many  clubs.  Col.  Hester  is  essentially  a  home-loving  man,  mark- 
edly fond  of  the  society  of  his  own  fireside.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Boston  club,  Choctaw  club,  the  Democratic  Central  club  of  the  city, 
a  Mason  and  an  Elk :  was  a  member  of  the  city  sewerage  and  water 
board,  when  it  handled  the  great  problems  involved  in  the  proper 
sewerage  and  drainage  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  and  quite  probably 
•at  least  half  a  dozen  other  really  important  commissions  that  might  be 
enumerated  here.  This  will  suffice,  however,  to  convey  something  like 
an  adequate  idea  as  to  what  a  busy  man  the  secretary  of  the  New 
Orleans  Cotton  exchange  is.  The  exchange  has  had  many  succeed- 
ing presidents,  but  each  of  these,  in  turn,  has  had  the  benefit  of  the 
ability  and  conscientious  faithfulness  of  the  secretary  without  a  peer, 
to  guide  the  new  executive  in  the  administration  of  his  office.  One 
of  the  marked  characteristics  of  Col.  Hester  has  always  been  his  un- 
failing good  humor  and  his  ready  accessibility  to  newspaper  repre- 
sentatives and  others  having  legitimate  claims  to  his  attention.  He 
has  never  forgotten,  it  appears,  that  reporters  have  a  mission,  and 
that  it  is  for  the  public  that  they  are  working  when  they  seek  infor- 
mation about  the  exchange  or  about  other  matters  with  which  he  may 
be  for  the  time  connected.  As  pertinent  to  this  characteristic,  it  is 
interesting  to  briefly  note  here  some  expressions  from  a  newspaper- 
man in  a  city  distant  from  New  Orleans  after  having  interviewed  Col. 
Hester  for  his  paper.  Said  this  knight  of  the  pencil:  "The  greatest 
of  the  world's  cotton  experts  is  a  remarkable  man.  Per.sonally,  See. 
Hester  is  one  of  the  frankest,  happiest,  and  most  engaging  of  men. 
He  has  the  open  smile  of  a  manly  boy,  and  possesses  that  greatest  of 
all  blessings  to  bus}'  men,  that  of  leaving  his  business  in  his  place  of 
business,  ban-ed  in  and  locked,  when  he  goes  home  or  away  for  recre- 
ation. He  is  the  easiest,  most  gracious,  and  most  helpful  man  in  giv- 
ing an  interview  whom  I  have  met  during  more  than  20  years  of 
newspaper  work.  What  he  has  to  say  he  says  in  a  direct  and  logical 
way  that  makes  it  easy  to  follow  him  accurately,  and  all  the  time  he 
is  the  cultured  gentleman  of  sweet  civility.  How  happy  and  charm- 
ing is  all  this,  and  how  strikingly  in  contrast  with  the  bad  manners 
and  vulgar  patronage  of  the  horde  of  rude  upstarts  in  politics  and 
business  who  conceive  it  to  be  the  part  of  their  poor  little  greatness 
to  be  rude  to  reporters,  and  who  will  then  sneak  around  and  try  to 
get  themselves  into  the  new.spa.pers.  *  *  »  He  is  a  small,  thick-set, 
agile  man,  with  hair  and  mustache  almost  white,  clear  blue  eyes,  and 
a  round  and  rosy  face  that  does  not  indicate  he  was  born  in  the  year 
1846.   He  received  me  as  cordially  as  if  I  had  been  an  old  friend,  and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  205 

when  I  began  the  generally  unpleasant  task  of  interviewing  him,  I  ex- 
perienced the  sensation  of  having  known  him  long  and  well.  Such 
ease  and  grace  and  abundant  good  nature  I  do  not  remember  to  have 
observed  in  a  great  man  more  than  once  before  in  my  experience.  He 
made  my  'assignment'  a  delightful  recreation.  Not  only  was  my  old- 
time  admiration  of  him,  whom  personally  I  had  merely  seen  once  be- 
fore, heightened,  but  I  left  him  with  a  feeling  on  my  part  of  affection- 
ate friendship."  Newspaper  men  throughout  the  civilized  world  have 
written  about  Col.  Hester,  of  the  New  Orleans  Cotton  exchange,  and 
the  above  quotation  from  one  of  these  writers  affords  an  apt  expres- 
sion of  the  universal  esteem  in  which  he  is  held  by  the  newspaper 
fraternity.  Volumes  could  be  made  from  articles  published  in  news- 
papers and  magazines  throughout  Europe  and  America  reviewing  the 
work  of  Col.  Hester  and  commending  the  able  secretary,  but  as  space 
in  this  work  is  necessarily  limited  it  is  obligatory  that  only  a  few  very 
brief  extracts  be  made  from  the  many  available.  Prom  a  lengthy 
article  published  in  a  distant  city  the  following  small  portion  is  taken : 
"Sec.  Hester  was  chosen  for  the  secretaryship  of  the  New  Orleans  ex- 
change, the  most  responsible  and  the  most  confidential  business  posi- 
tion in  the  entire  South,  when  the  exchange  was  first  organized,  and 
when  he  was  then  but  22  years  old,  early  in  the  year  1871,  and  from 
the  day  he  assumed  that  great  trust  down  to  this  hour  he  has  com- 
manded, and,  best  of  all,  fully  deserved,  the  entire  confidence  of  all 
the  cotten  men  of  the-  South.  At  times  when  other  experts  were 
justly  or  unjui^tly  brought  under  suspicion,  and  when  disappointed 
speculators  went  so  far  as  to  reflect  upon  the  integrity  of  even  the 
Agricultural  Department  of  the  Government,  See.  Hester  stood  upon 
a  proud  plane  above  all  clouds  of  doubt  and  mistrust,  and  only  words 
of  honor  and  confidence  were  spoken  of  him.  He  stood  a  'still  strong 
man  in  a  blatant  land, '  one  who  was  calm  in  the  confusion  of  tongues 
that  made  bedlam  about  the  tower  of  Mammon."  The  following  few 
words  are  taken  from  an  extended  article  published  in  the  Daily  Picay- 
une, of  New  Orleans:  "Henry  Garretson  Hester,  wtIio  is  so  well- 
known  to  everybody  in  New  Orleans,  not  only  cotton  exchange  people, 
but  citizens  in  every  walk  of  life,  has  been  so  familiarly  associated 
with  the  daily  life  of  the  city  that  most  people  have  overlooked  the 
fact  that  he  is  quite  as  well-known  in  commercial  circles  North,  and 
in  Europe  as  he  is  here.  They  think  of  him  mainly  as  'Col.  Hester 
of  the  cotton  exohange,'  member  of  the  clubs,  member  of  the  Sewerage 
and  Water  Board,  and  a  good-humored  and  friendly  neighbor.  Of 
course,  everybody  knows  about  'Hester's  Report'  on  cotton,  but  that 
is  as  a  matter-of-fact  here,  when  thi-oughout  the  cotton  world  it  is  a 
great  business  agency." 

Hester,  John  Gilmer,  extensive  real  estate  operator,  Shreveport, 
La.,  was  born  at  Homer,  La.,  July  4,  1881 ;  son  of  William  Davies  and 
Sallie  (Christian)  Hester,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of  the 
state  of  Georgia  and  came  to  Louisiana  with  his  parents  about  the 
year  1846.  His  active  life  was  devoted  to  the  avocation  of  a  Louisiana 
planter,  in  which  he  was  successful.  He  died  at  about  the  age  of  60 
years.  The  mother  was  a  native  of  the  state  of  Louisiana,  and  a 
daughter  of  John  Gilmer  and  Susan  Christian,  whose  ancestors  were 
among  the  early  settlers  in  Louisiana.     John  Gilmer  Hester  was  the 


206  LOUISIANA 

seventh  of  8  children  born  to  his  parents.  After  attendance  at  the 
public  schools  he  matriculated  at  Keatchie  college,  which  institution 
he  attended  until  within  1  year  of  graduation.  Shortly  following  the 
completion  of  his  education  he  became  associated  with  W.  C.  Perrin 
in  the  real  estate  business  at  Shreveport,  and  continued  in  this  con- 
nection until  the  death  of  Mr.  Perrin  some  time  later,  when  he  suc- 
ceeded to  the  business  of  the  firm,  which  has  since  been  conducted  in 
the  name  of  J.  G.  Hester,  real  estate  operator,  and  has  grown  to  the 
proportions  of  one  of  the  largest  pi-ivate  entei-prises  in  Louisiana.  At 
this  time  Mr.  Hester  is  handling  an  addition  to  the  city  of  Shreveport 
known  as  "Exposition  Heights,"  in  which  he  is  selling  lots.  He  has 
built  more  than  500  homes  in  the  city  of  Shreveport,  and  for  some 
.years  past  has  been  one  of  the  most  active  and  potent  factors  in  the 
rapid  development  and  upliuilding  of  that  handsome  and  progressive 
city.  He  is  a  member  of  Shreveport  Lodge  No.  122,  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks,  a.nd  is  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors 
of  the  Louisiana  State  fair,  that  has  been  of  almost  incalculable  value 
to  North  Louisiana  and  adjoining  states  in  recent  years.  He  is  a 
remarkably  active,  progressive  and  sagacious  public-spirited  citizen 
who  believes  in  building  a  town  on  such  model  plans  that  the  whole 
community  may  participate  in  the  practical  and  enduring  results.  In 
1903  Mr.  Hester  was  married  to  Miss  Julia  Stoer,  daughter  of  Charles 
Stoer,  a  native  of  the  city  of  Bayou  Sara,  La.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hester 
have  2  daughters,  viz. :  Julia  Grace  and  Virginia  Ruth.  As  affording 
the  rarest  kind  of  a  tribute  to  the  integrity  of  an  individual  member 
of  a  business  community,  espeeiall,y  Avhen  the  age  of  the  subject  is 
taken  into  consideration,  the  following  extract  is  made  from  a  recent 
issue  of  the  Shreveport  Times,  referring  to  Mr.  Hester,  the  subject 
of  this  sketch:  "The  popular  idea  that  the  world  shuns  a  troubled 
man  must  be  discarded  since  a  meeting  held  yesterda.v  afternoon  of 
the  creditors  of  J.  G.  Hester,  real  estate  operator.  The  gathering, 
called  for  the  purpose  of  arranging  some  form  of  settlement  of  Mr. 
Hester's  financial  difficulties,  was  attended  by  about  50  of  the  leading 
bankers,  business  men,  and  attorneys  of  Shreveport.  The  meeting 
was  held  at  4  o'clock,  and  resolved  itself  almost  immediatel.y  into  a 
remarkable  expression  of  confidence  in  the  business  capacity  of  Mr. 
Hester  and  a  generous  tribute  to  the  splendid  part  he  has  played  in 
the  development  of  Shreveport.  Speaker  after  speaker  declared  Mr. 
Hester  was  worthy  of  all  confidence.  Some  expressed  their  willingness 
to  waive  their  claims;  others  said  their  financial  resources  were  at  the 
disposal  of  Mr.  Hester.  The  original  proposition  of  Mr.  Hester  and 
his  attorney,  Mr.  John  D.  Wilkinson,  was  to  put  the  business  of  Mr. 
Hester  in  bankruptcy,  but  his  creditors  would  not  hear  of  it.  In  the 
end  it  was  decided  to  have  the  business  conducted  by  three  trustees — 
L.  E.  Thomas,  president  of  the  Continental  bank;  S.  W.  Smith,  presi- 
dent of  the  American  National  bank,  and  Robert  R.  Emery,  real  estate 
and  insiu'ance  man.  A  committee  of  3  lawyers:  Leon  R.  Smith.  E. 
B.  Herndon,  Sr.,  and  E.  Wayles  Browne,  was  appointed  to  di-aw  up 
the  necessary  documents  putting  the  trustee  plan  into  effect.  An 
agreement  was  reached  unanimously  by  the  creditors  to  have  the  trus- 
tees employ  Mr.  Hester,  at  a  good  salary,  as  sales  agent.  It  was  origi- 
nally proposed  to  have  Mr.  Hestea*  named  as  one  of  the  trustees,  but 


BIOGRAPHICAL  207 

as  he  will  have  to  transfer  his  property  to  the  trustees,  and  would  thus 
be  placed  in  the  attitude  of  transferring  it  to  himself,  this  idea  had 
to  be  abandoned.  A  rough  statement  of  the  liabilities  of  Mr.  Hester 
showed  them  to  be  $140,000.  His  assets,  consisting  of  property,  have 
an  aggregate  value  of  .$180,000,  or  thereabout,  if  they  are  not  disposed 
of  at  forced  sale.  Among  those  who  paid  tribute  to  Mr.  Hester's  great 
work  as  a  progressive  developer  of  Shreveport,  and  to  his  well-recog- 
nized business  acumen,  were  Lieut.-Gov.  Barret,  Hon.  William  Win- 
ter E  B.  Herndon,  Sr.,  S.  W.  Smith  and  Gabe  Leadmann.  There 
were  numerous  others.  Not  a  single  discordant  note  was  heard  at  the 
meeting  Not  a  creditor  expressed  a  desire  to  secure  or  collect  his 
claim.  ^  It  was  altogether  one  of  the  most  remarkable  tributes  ever 
paid  to  a  business  man  of  Shreveport  or  anywhere  else. 

HofiFpauer,  Ma,nasseh  L.,  M.  D.,  well-known  physician  of  Crowley 
Louisiana,  was  born  April  15,  1871,  in  St.  Landry  (now  Acadia) 
pari.sh  His  father,  Manasseh  Hoffpauer,  a  native  of  Lafayette  par- 
ish (May  25,  1825),  was  a  stock-raiser  and  planter.  At  the  outbreak 
of  the  civil  war  of  1861-65,  be  enlisted  in  a  Louisiana  regiment,  served 
until  peace  was  restored,  then  returned  to  Acadia  parish,  where  he 
died  Nov  23,  1906.  His  widow,  Octavia  McClelland  Hoft'pauer,  born 
in  St.  Landry  parish,  in  1830,  died  in  Acadia  parish  in  1908.  The 
Hoffpauer  family  ranks  with  the  pioneer  settlers  of  southern  and 
southwestern  Louisiana.  Dr.  HofPpauer's  paternal  great-grand- 
father emigrated  from  Germany  to  Louisiana,  and  his  son  was  born 
in  that  state.  Benjamin  McClelland,  father  of  Mrs.  Octavia  McClel- 
land Hofifpauer,  came  from  Kentucky  to  southwestern  Louisiana  when 
he  was  a  young  man.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  is  the  youngest  of  8 
children,  5  of  whom  are  living:  Archibald,  residing  in  Shreveport; 
Abner,  a  citizen  of  Acadia  parish ;  Erath,  Raymond  and  Manasseh  L  , 
residents  of  Acadia.  Dr.  Hoffi^auer  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  his  native  place  and  at  Acadia  college.  In  1890  and  1891  he  at- 
tended the  commercial  college  of  Kentucky  xmiversity;  and  in  the 
Fall  of  1891  matriculated  in  the  medical  department  of  Tulane  uni- 
versity, served  1  year  as  extern  at  the  Charity  hospital.  New  Orleans, 
and  graduated  in  1894.  Soon  after  receiving  his  diploma.  Dr.  Hoff- 
pauer opened  an  office  at  Crowley.  In  1899  he  took  a  course  at  the 
New  York  post-graduate  school  and  hospital ;  and  on  3  different  occas- 
ions did  post-graduate  work  at  Tulane  medical  department.  Besides 
his  extensive  medical  practice.  Dr.  Hoffpauer  is  interested  in  politics 
and  business.  He  served  1  term  as  deputy-coroner  of  Acadia  parish, 
and  is  1  of  3  citizens  owning  and  conducting  the  Pelican  drug-store 
of  Crowley.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society; 
the  American  Medical  association ;  and  in  secret  and  fraternal  orders 
is  affiliated  with  the  Masons  (32d  degree),  the  Shriners,  the  Knights 
of  Pythias,  and  the  Odd  Fellows.  Nov.  7,  1900,  there  took  place  the 
marriage  of  Dr.  Hoffpauer  and  Miss  Estelle  Clark,  the  daughter  of 
Raymond  T.  Clark  who  was  clerk  of  court  of  Acadia  parish,  and  oc- 
cupied that  office  during  17  years;  also  was  .supervisor  of  census  for 
the  7th  congressional  district.  Two  children,  Sterling  Clark,  and  Lil- 
lian Clark  Hoffpauer,  have  been  born  of  that  union.  Dr.  Hoffiiauer 
is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  in  politics  is  a 
firm  supporter  of  the  Democratic  party. 


208  LOUISIANA 

Holcombe,  Charles  A.,  district  attorney,  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  was 
born  in  East  Feliciana  parish,  La.,  Sept.  6,  1884;  son  of  Dr.  A.  R. 
and  Lula  (G-ardon)  Holeombe,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  the  State 
of  Louisiana.  The  father  is  at  this  time  a  practicing  physician  at 
Jackson,  La.  The  mother  died  at  the  age  of  about  32  years.  Five 
sons  and  1  daughter  were  born  to  their  union,  of  whom  Charles  A. 
Holcomlie  was  the  3rd  son.  He  attended  the  public  schools  of  the  local- 
ity in  which  he  was  born,  later  graduating  from  Centenai-y  college, 
Jackson,  La.  After  the  completion  of  his  academic  education  he  en- 
tered the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  in  due  time  he 
graduated  with  the  class  of  1905.  Shortly  following  his  graduation 
he  opened  law  offices  at  Baton  Rouge  and  there  began  a  legal  practice 
that  soon  brought  him  into  note  as  a  learned  and  able  counselor-at- 
law.  In  the  year  1910  he  was  elected  district  attorney  to  fill  an  un- 
expired term,  and  so  well  were  his  constituents  pleased  with  his  ad- 
ministration of  the  duties  of  that  important  office  that  in  1912  he  was 
re-elected  to  succeed  himself  as  district  attorney  for  a  term  of  4  j'ears, 
being  at  this  time  incumbent  of  that  position.  Mr.  Holcombe  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  being  a  Royal  Arch  Mason  and  a  Knight 
Templar.  He  is  a  member,  also,  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Woodmen 
of  the  World,  and  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  In  1907 
Ml'.  Holcombe  was  married  to  Miss  Ray  Jones,  a  daughter  of  S.  B. 
and  Margaret  (Kent)  Jones,  and  two  daughters  have  been  born  to 
their  union,  these  being  Margaret  and  Ray.  Within  the  compara- 
tively few  years  that  Mr.  Holcombe  has  been  in  practice  at  Baton 
Rouge,  he  has  firmly  established  a  reputation  as  a  pains-taking,  dili- 
gent and  loyal  attorney,  in  all  respects  fully  capable  of  safeguarding 
the  interests  of  his  clients  and  vigorously  prosecuting  infractions  of 
the  law.  He  holds  the  esteem  of  both  bench  and  bar,  and  as  a  citizen 
is  regarded  as  a  man  of  sterling  character  holding  an  exalted  sense  of 
the  obligations  of  American  citizenship  and  the  requirements  of  in- 
tegrity and  personal  lionor. 

Holmes,  William  Shields,  superintendent  of  the  Louisiana  State 
school  for  the  deaf,  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  was  born  in  Jefferson  county, 
Miss.,  August  14,  1866;  son  of  Joseph  R.  and  Lucy  (Shields)  Holmes, 
the  former  of  whom  was  liorn  in  Jelferson  county.  Miss.,  July  26, 
1844,  and  was  a  .son  of  William  Holmes,  a  native  of  Kentucky.  The 
paternal  ancestors  of  the  family  came  to  the  South  from  New  York 
state.  The  mother  was  a  native  of  the  state  of  Georgia,  but  was  reared 
in  Louisiana.  Joseph  R.  Holmes  was  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  hav- 
ing served  in  an  artillery  company  of  the  Confederate  army.  After 
the  war,  in  1865,  he  located  in  Jefferson  county.  Miss.,  where  he  fol- 
lowed the  avocation  of  a  farmer  during  a  number  of  years.  In  1881 
he  removed  to  New  Orleans,  and  there  became  a  clerk  in  the  office  of 
the  Lousiana  state  superintendent  of  public  instruction,  and  assisted 
in  the  removal  of  that  office  to  Baton  Rouge,  when  the  State  Capital 
was  changed  from  New  Orleans  to  the  former  city.  He  remained  a 
resident  of  Baton  Rouge  from  that  time  on.  and  died  there  Nov.  19, 
1913.  His  widow  resides  in  Baton  Rouge.  The  subject  of  this  sketch 
is  their  onl.y  child.  In  the  course  of  his  education  William  Shields 
Holmes  attended  Louisiana  State  university.  After  the  completion 
of  his  education  he  engaged  in  the  grocery  business,  and  is  now  a 


WiLLiAJF  S.  Holmes 


Uroveu  L'.  Ill tkauv 


BIOGRAPHICAL  209 

ineiiilx'i-  of  the  \rholesale  grocery  firm  of  Holmes  &  Barnes,  Ltd.,  of 
Baton  Rouge,  which  was  organized  in  1801.  Mr.  Holmes  is  a  mem- 
ber, by  election,  of  the  Louisiana  State  University  alumni,  and  has 
at  all  times  kept  up  an  active  interest  in  educational  affairs  generally. 
His  appointment  to  his  pre.sent  responsible  and  important  office,  as 
superintendent  of  the  Louisiana  State  School  for  the  Deaf,  Dec.  26, 
1912,  came  entirely  without  his  solicitation.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church,  South,  and  has  taken  an  active  part  in 
church  and  Sundav-sohool  work  for  30  years  or  more.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  Mr.  Holmes  married  Miss  Caroline 
Bilger,  of  Clinton,  La.  . 

Huckaby,  Grover  C.  (also  spelled  Huckabay),  superintendent  ot 
the  Louisiana  State  School  for  the  Blind,  at  Baton  Rouge,  is  a  native 
of  Louisiana.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Red  River  parish,  July  3, 
1884,  and  is  a  son  of  Morgan  Pinckney  C.  and  Martha  Ellen  (Turn- 
bow)'  Huckaby.  His  father  was  born  in  Florida,  from  which  state  he 
came  with  his  parents  to  Louisiana  when  he  was  but  6  years  of  age. 
His  father,  Jackson  Huckaby,  settled  in  Red  River  parish  and  there 
Morgan  Pinckney  Huckaby  grew  to  manhood,  and  there  he  has  al- 
ways resided,  devoting  his'life  to  the  pursuit  of  farming.  He  is  now- 
past  67  years  of  age.  He  married  Martha  Ellen  Turnbow,  who  was 
born  in  Arkansas,  and  was  the  daughter  of  William  Marion  Turnbow, 
a  native  of  Georgia.  She  died  in  1910.  The  name  Huckaby  is  of 
Danish  origin,  but  the  progenitor  of  the  family  in  America  was  En- 
glish born,  and  came  to  this  country  many  years  ago,  and  settled  in 
South  Carolina.  Representatives  of  the  family  removed  to  Georgia 
and  thence  to  Florida.  There  were  born  unto  the  parents  of  Grover 
C.  Huckaby  15  children,  of  whom  11  grew  to  maturity  and  the  fol- 
lowing survive :  Mrs.  Ida  Huckaby  Loftin,  Charles  Clement,  Grover 
C,  Glendon  T.,  and  Marion  C.  Grover  C.  Huckaby  was  reared  on  the 
farm  in  his  native  parish,  and  there  learned  the  lessons  of  industry 
and  resourcefulness,  which  have  influenced  his  course  in  life,  and 
characterized  his  endeavors  both  as  a  student  and  a  teacher.  He  re- 
ceived his  early  scholastic  training  in  the  public  schools.  As  bene- 
ficiary cadet  from  Red  River  parish,  he  entered  the  Louisiana  State 
university,  from  which  institution  he  graduated  in  1907  with  the  de- 
gree of  bachelor  of  arts.  A  short  time  previous  to  his  graduation  Mr. 
Huckaby  became  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  the  Louisiana  State  uni- 
versity, and  for  1  year  taught  mathematics.  The  winning  of  a  Rhodes 
scholarship  in  Oxford  university,  England,  enabled  him  to  realize  his 
ambition  for  a  higher  education.  He  left  for  England  in  Sept.,  1908, 
and  spent  three  years  abroad.  In  Oxford  university  he  specialized  in 
social  sciences  making  original  studies  of  the  race  problem.  During 
vacations  he  toured  European  and  Oriental  countries  studying  social 
problems  and  visiting  historical  places  of  note.  Returning  to  the 
United  States  in  1911,  Mr.  Huckaby  accepted  the  position  of  assistant 
principal  of  the  Baton  Rouge  high  school.  A  year  later  he  became 
principal  of  the  high  school  of  Shreveport,  La.  This  position  he  re- 
signed to  accept  the  superintendency  of  the  Louisiana  State  School 
for  the  Blind,  to  which  he  was  elected  in  the  summer  of  1913.  As 
superintendent  of  this  school,  Mr.  Huckaby  has  inaugurated  many 
changes  which  have  resulted  in  needed  repairs  and  remodeling  of  the 
III— 14 


210  LOUISIANA 

different  buildings,  making  the  institution  thoroughly  sanitary,  and 
the  surroundings  conducive  to  the  health,  comfort  and  pleasure  of 
the  pupils.  In  addition  to  these  material  improvements  resulting  un- 
der his  direction,  the  standard  of  educational  work  has  been  raised, 
the  institution  in  general  taking  on  new  life,  form  and  energy.  Mr. 
Huckaby  has  also  been  identified  with  sociological  movements  and  is 
a  leader  of  thought  and  progress.  He  is  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Southern  Sociological  congress,  and  is  a  member  of  the  race  problem 
committee  of  this  organization.  He  is  a  member  of  the  International 
Congress  of  Hygiene  and  Demography,  of  the  International  Congress 
of  School  Hygiene,  of  the  London  Geological  association,  and  of  the 
Royal  Anthix)pologieal  Institute  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland.  Fra- 
ternally he  is  a  Royal  Arch  Mason.  In  1911  Mr.  Huckaby  married 
Miss  Anita  Daltou  Jones,  the  daughter  of  Dr.  Philip  H.  Jones,  of 
Baton  Rouge. 

Jones,  John  Welch,  M.  D.,  was  born  in  South  Carolina,  Oct.  18, 
1826.  He  is  a  descendant  of  revolutionary  ancestors,  both  of  his 
grand-fathers  having  fought  under  Gen.  Francis  Marion.  He  came 
to  Louisiana  in  1848,  and  was  graduated  in  medicine  from  the  Tulane 
university  of  Louisiana,  New  Orleans,  in  1852.  He  quickly  estab- 
lished a  large  and  lucrative  practice  in  the  parishes  of  East  Feliciana 
and  East  Baton  Rouge  and  engaged  actively  in  the  yellow  fever  epi- 
demics of  1853,  1855  and  1857.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war  he 
raised  a  company  (the  plains  cavalry)  of  115  men,  who  elected  him 
captain.  He  was  in  actual  service  as  such  until  after  the  battle  of 
Baton  Rouge.  In  1865  he  was  one  of  the  victims  of  a  steamboat 
boiler  explosion  on  the  Tombigbee  river  and  of  39  men  he  alone 
escaped  instant  death,  but  received  injuries  from  which  he  did  not 
recover  for  more  than  2  yeara.  The  close  of  the  war  found  him  re- 
duced in  fortune  and  broken  in  health ;  a  failure  in  eyesight  caused 
by  the  boiler  explosion  barred  him  from  the  active  practice  of  medi- 
cine, but  with  unshaken  fortitude  he  embarked  in  the  drug  business. 
In  1869  he  resumed  the  practice  of  his  profession  and  was  continu- 
ously engaged  therein  until  1874  when  he  was  elected  superintendent 
of  the  Insane  Asylum  of  Louisiana.  At  his  official  inception  he  found 
that  institution  in  a  sad  state  of  demoralization  and  want.  The  at- 
tendants had  not  been  paid  for  many  months ;  no  funds  were  found  in 
the  treasury ;  the  patients  were  without  clothing  and  the  necessities  of 
life,  and  none  would  credit  the  asylum  for  $1.  It  was  here  that  the 
character  and  energy  of  this  remarkable  man  shone  forth  brilliantly. 
He  at  once  bought  supplies  and  absolutely  furnished  the  asylum  for 
3  months  out  of  his  own  pocket  with  no  certainty  of  being  remuner- 
ated. His  next  step  was  to  organize  the  strongest  of  the  patients  into 
farm  hands  for  the  i)urpose  of  raising  vegetable  and  field  products, 
which  was  an  abundant  success.  Having  relieved  the  institution  from 
its  pressing  necessities,  his  energetic  mind  conceived  the  idea  of  mak- 
ing brick  on  the  grounds  of  the  asylum  with  the  view  of  expanding 
its  capacity,  for  even  in  those  trying  days  Dr.  Jones  di'eamed  of  a 
time  when  Louisiana  would  be  in  a  position  to  care  for  every  insane 
man  and  woman  in  the  state  instead  of  leaving  them  in  jails  to  parch 
from  summer's  heat  and  freeze  from  bitter  cold.  After  purchasing 
a  cheap  brick  machine  he  engaged  in  this  enterprise  with  character- 


BIOGRiSPHICAL  211 

istic  vigor  and  soon  had  3,000,000  bricks  of  excellent  quality.  This 
put  him  in  a  position  to  virtually  force  the  legislature  to  appropriate 
sufficient  funds  for  the  construction  of  a  magnificent  building  which 
was  rapidly  followed  by  the  construction  of  4  other  fine  buildings, 
thus  increasing  the  capacity  of  the  State  Insane  Asylum  from  166  to 
over  600.  Having  now  fairly  launched  this  institution  on  its  career 
of  pride  and  usefulness  he  admitted  all  applicants,  receiving  130  from 
New  Orleans  in  one  day  and  thereby  clo.sing  the  doors  of  that  notorious 
bedlum  known  as  the  Marine  hospital.  After  having  devoted  14  years 
to  the  care  and  welfare  of  these  sorrow-laden  wards  of  the  state,  he 
resigned  his  position  in  1888  and  retired  to  the  management  of  his 
estate.  Dr.  Jones  now  resides  at  Jackson,  La.  Though  nearly  88 
years  of  age  he  is  still  engaged  in  the  management  of  his  plantation 
and  takes  an  active  interest  in  everything  that  makes  for  progress 
and  the  common  welfare.  Dr.  Jones  is  a  Master  Mason.  Dr.  Jones 
married  Amaryntha  Huff,  a  native  of  Mississippi,  whose  parents  had 
also  come  from  South  Carolina,  with  one  of  the  earliest  Mississippi 
colonies  and  settled  in  Wilkinson  county.  Of  this  union  10  children 
were  born.  Those  surviving  are:  Dr.  Philip  Huff  Jones,  of  Baton 
Rouge,  Dr.  George  Hilton  Jones,  of  Lutcher,  Mrs.  George  Keller,  of 
Jackson,  Miss  Lily  Jones,  of  Jackson,  and  W.  Carruth  Jones,  of  Baton 
Rouge. 

Jones,  Lieut.  Junius  Wallace,  U.  S.  A.,  was  born  April  3,  1890,  in 
Jackson,  La.,  where  he  spent  his  childhood.  He  is  the  eldest  son  of 
Dr.  Philip  H.  Jones  and  Annabelle  Smith  Jones,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La. 
He  was  educated  in  Mississippi,  North  Carolina,  Virginia  and  Louisi- 
ana. While  a  student  at  the  Louisiana  State  university  he  was  ap- 
pointed from  the  6th  district  to  the  United  States  Military  Academy 
at  West  Point  Which  he  entered  March  1,  1909.  He  was  graduated 
June  1,  1913,  and  entered  the  coast  artilleiy  at  Portress  Monroe, 
Virginia.  He  is  at  present  (1914)  assistant  quartermaster  of  Portress 
Monroe.  Lieut.  Jones  is  a  dii-ect  descendant  of  3  soldiers  of  the  Revo- 
lutionary war  who  were  members  of  Marion's  band  in  South  Carolina, 
Samuel  Jones,  Samuel  Hilton,  and  Thomas  Jackson.  His  grandfather, 
Dr.  John  Welch  Jones,  of  Jackson,  La.,  enlisted  for  the  Mexican  war 
and  was  also  a  captain  in  the  Confederate  army.  Lieut.  Jones'  mater- 
nal great-grandfather,  Jared  Richardson,  fought  under  Jackson  in  the 
battle  of  New  Orleans. 

Jones,  Philip  Huff,  M.  D.,  president  of  the  city  board  of  health, 
Baton  Rouge,  La.,  was  born  Nov.  8,  1855  near  Jackson,  La.  He  is  a 
son  of  Dr.  John  Welch  Jones,  formerly  superintendent  of  the  Louis- 
iana State  Insane  Asylum,  and  Anaaryntha  Huff  Jones.  His  father 
came  to  Louisiana  in  1848  from  South  Carolina,  where  his  forefathers 
who  came  from  England,  Ireland  and  Wales  had  settled  before  the 
Revolutionary  war.  Both  Dr.  Jones'  father's  grandfathers,  Samuel 
Jones,  and  Samuel  Hilton,  and  his  mother's  grandfather,  Thomas 
Jackson,  were  soldiers  in  Marion's  band  in  the  war  of  the  Revolu- 
tion. Dr.  Jones  was  a  student  at  the  Louisiana  State  university, 
was  graduated  from  Centenary  college  at  Jackson,  La.,  and  received 
the  M.  D.  degree  from  Tulane  university  in  1878.  He  began  the  prac- 
tice of  medicine  in  East  Peliciana  parish  and  4  years  later  was  ap- 
pointed assistant  superintendent  of  the  Louisiana  State  Insane  Asylum 


212  LOUISIANA 

at  Jackson,  La.  He  held  this  position  for  6  years  during  which  time 
he  took  an  active  part  in  the  remodeling  and  upbuilding  of  the  institu- 
tion which  placed  it  abreast  with  the  leading  institutions  for  the  insane 
in  the  United  States.  Later  he  resumed  the  practice  of  medicine,  re- 
moving from  Jackson  to  Lutcher  and  thence  to  Baton  Rouge.  Not  only 
has  Dr.  Jones  achieved  success  in  his  profession  but  he  has  maintained 
an  ujiblemished  reputation  as  a  man  of  honor  and  integrity  to  whom 
the  advancement  of  ideals  and  the  pursuit  of  scholarly  knowledge 
are  of  prime  importance.  He  has  lived  up  to  the  standard  of  his 
forefathers  who  have  been  good  soldiers  in  war  and  good  citizens  in 
time  of  peace.  As  a  youth  Dr.  Jones  participated  in  the  stormy  events 
of  1876,  when  a  few  brave  men  rescued  civilization  by  restoring  white 
supremacy.  Dr.  Jones  is  a  Master  Mason.  Dr.  Jones  was  married  in 
1882  to  Annabelle  Smith,  daughter  of  John  Scott  Smith  and  Tullia 
Richardson  Smith,  of  West  Feliciana  parish.  Of  this  union  5  children 
were  born  of  whom  the  3  surviving  are :  Mrs.  Anita  Jones  Huckaby, 
of  Baton  Rouge,  Lieut.  Junius  Wallace  Jones,  U.  S.  A.,  and  Philip 
Harold  Jones. 

Hunt,  Randell,  M.  D.,  of  Shreveport,  was  born  in  this  city,  Nov. 
20,  1865,  and  is  a  son  of  Theodore  Gaillard  and  Cornelia  Virginia 
(Nicholson)  Hunt.  His  father  was  a  native  of  South  Carolina  and 
his  mother  of  Mississippi.  The  name  Hunt  is  of  English  origin  and 
of  prominence  in  the  annals  of  Louisiana.  The  great-great-grand- 
father of  Dr.  Hunt,  Richard  Hunt,  was  born  in  Kent,  England,  and 
his  wife  was  a  niece  of  the  Duke  of  Manchester,  who  settled  upon  her 
a  dowry  when  she  was  married.  Her  maiden  name  was  Sarah  Grim- 
shaw.  Richard  Hunt  was  made  governor  of  the  Bermuda  Islands, 
and  his  son  Robert  subsequently  became  also  governor  of  the  Bahama 
Islands,  and  Queen's  Counsel  at  Nassau,  and  still  later  came  to  the 
United  States  and  located  in  South  Carolina  where  he  married  into 
the  well-known  Huguenot  family — Gaillard.  His  descendants  have 
been  prominent  in  the  history  of  the  southern  states.  He  was  the 
father  of  Theodore  Gaillard,  Randell,  Thomas,  William  H..  and  Cope- 
land  Hunt.  Theodore  Gaillard  Hunt  removed  from  South  Carolina 
to  New  Orleans  prior  to  the  Mexican  war  in  which  he  served  as  lieu- 
tenant-colonel. He  was  a  lawyer  by  profession  and  served  as  district- 
attorney  at  New  Orleans  and  later  as  attorney-general  of  Louisiana. 
For  14  years  he  was  judge  of  the  criminal  courts  of  New  Orleans  and 
subsequently  elected  to  congress,  where  he  participated  in  many  of 
the  vital  issues  including  that  of  the  Missouri  compromise.  He  served 
with  distinction  in  the  Confederate  army  as  colonel  of  the  5th  La.  reg., 
known  as  "Tigers."  He  died  in  New  Orleans  at  the  age  of  89  years. 
His  wife,  Cornelia  Virginia  Nicholson,  was  a  daughter  of  a  distin- 
gui.shed  Mississippi  jurist.  Dr.  Randell  Hunt  is  the  only  child  of  his 
parents  and  was  reared  in  the  cities  of  New  Orleans  and  Shreveport. 
After  becoming  a  sophomore  in  the  Louisiana  State  university  he  en- 
tered the  Medical  Department  of  Tulane  university,  graduating  there- 
from in  1889.  Immediately  after,  he  took  up  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession at  Shreveport.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Charity  Hospital 
Alumni  association;  was  for  8  years  chief  surgeon  at  the  State  hospi- 
tal, Shi'eveport,  in  which  city  he  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  health 
and  of  the  parish  school  board  for  a  number  of  years.    Dr.  Hunt  is  a 


BIOGRAPHICAL  213 

1st  lieutenant  in  the  medical  reserve  corps,  United  States  Army.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Shreveport  City,  Louisiana  State  and  the  American 
Medical  association.  He  has  taken  post-graduate  work  in  London  and 
is  one  of  the  ablest  operating  surgeons  in  the  South,  and  has  won  dis- 
tinction in  this  line.  In  New  Orleans  Dr.  Hunt  married  Miss  Emily 
Halsey,  daughter  of  Maj.  Halsey,  and  unto  the  marriage  the  issue 
has  been  4  children.  Mrs.  Hunt  for  several  years  has  been  prominent 
in  social  and  club  life.  She  is  a  colonial  dame  and  has  taken  an  active 
part  in  civic  improvements,  in  the  cause  of  temperance,  and  has  been 
a  tine  factor  in  many  movements  which  have  tended  for  the  moral  up- 
lift in  the  city  of  Shreveport.  She  is  an  accomplished  and 'cultured 
lady,  and  held  in  highest  esteem. 

Hunter,  Edwin  Gardner,  attorney,  jurist,  orator,  was  born  in  Rap- 
ides parish,  Sept.  16, 1852.  His  grandfather,  Pleasance  Hunter,  was 
of  Scotch-Irish  descent,  but  was  a  native  of  Virginia.  He  removed  to 
Mississippi,  and  his  son,  Robert  A.,  father  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch, 
was  born  at  Natchez,  in  the  latter  state.  In  1812,  when  Robert  A.  was 
only  a  small  boy,  the  family  came  to  Louisiana,  where  Pleasance  Hun- 
ter became  a  large  land  owner  and  one  of  the  earliest  merchants,  at 
Alexandria.  On  completing  his  education,  Robert  A.  became  an  at- 
torney and  planter,  and  in  the  course  of  his  public  career  occupied 
the  position  of  treasurer  of  the  State  of  Louisiana.  He  served  through- 
out the  Mexican  war,  enlisting  as  a  private  and  by  gallant  conduct 
winning  promotion  to  the  rank  of  colonel  before  the  end  of  the  war. 
He  also  served  as  a  Confederate  soldier,  commanding  a  company  until 
he  was  wounded  a  few  days  pi'ior  to  the  battle  of  Baton  Rouge.  His 
first  engagement  was  at  the  battle  of  Shiloh.  He  died  at  the  age  oif 
72  years.  Sarah  Jane  (Ford)  Hunter,  mother  of  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  was  born  in  Kentucky,  but  her  parents  removed  southward 
when  she  was  small  and  were  among  the  early  settlers  of  Louisiana, 
the  family  name  having  since  become  intimately  identified  with  the 
affairs  of  this  state.  She  died  when  E.  G.  Hunter  was  about  3  weeks 
old,  having  been  the  mother  of  13  children,  only  4  of  whom  grew  to 
maturity.  These  are  all  living  at  this  writing.  Edwin  Gardner  Hun- 
ter was  reared  by  an  aunt  until  he  was  large  enough  to  attend  school. 
After  attending  a  private  school  at  home,  he  was  sent  to  Baton  Rouge, 
later  to  Louisiana  State  university,  and  finally  to  the  Louisiana  State 
Law  school  (now  a  department  of  Tulane  university),  from  which 
institution  he  graduated  in  1874.  In  the  same  year  he  began  the  prac- 
tice of  law  at  Alexandi'ia.  He  served  as  district  attorney  continu- 
ously for  10  years,  and  on  the  bench  of  the  district  court  from  1896  to 
1900.  Being  a  staunch  democrat  and  gifted  as  a  public  speaker, 
Judge  Hunter's  sei'vices  have  been  in  demand  during  most  state  cam- 
paigns since  his  early  manhood,  and  he  has  always  responded  to  these 
calls  as  liberally  as  his  pei'sonal  affairs  would  admit.  In  1875  Judge 
Hunter  was  married  to  Miss  Lucy,  daughter  of  Lewis  Texada,  a 
prominent  politician  of  that  time.  Mrs.  Hunter  was  born  and  edu- 
cated in  Louisiana.  Eight  children  were  born  to  them,  7  of  whom  are 
living  at  this  writing.  Edwin  Ford,  commissioner  of  finance  of  the 
city  of  Alexandria;  Allen  T.,  at  this  writing  representative  of  Rapides 
parish  in  the  state  legislature  and  law  partner  of  his  father ;  Thomas 
Frith,  employed  at  the  office  of  the  conservation  commission.  New  Or- 


214  LOUISIANA 

leans;  Lewis  Hall,  real  estate  dealer,  Alexandria;  Sarah  Jane,  wife 
of  Dr.  Henry  Irion,  New  Orleans;  Mary  Martha,  wife  of  Morase 
Tooraen,  drnggist,  Colfax,  La.,  and  Lucy.  Judge  Hunter  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 

Hunter,  Dr.  John  D.,  M.  D.,  mayor  of  Rayne,  Acadia  parish,  La., 
was  born  in  Red  River  parish.  La.,  August  15,  1876 ;  son  of  John  A. 
and  Catherine  (McKinney)  Hunter,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  the 
same  locality  as  was  the  son.  John  A.  Hunter  in  early  life  devoted  his 
energies  to  the  avocation  of  a  planter.  He  later  served  as  sheriff  of 
Red  River  parish  during  a  term  of  4  years,  and  has  always  taken  an 
active  part  in  political  and  public  affairs.  He  located  at  Rayne  in  the 
year  1889,  and  during  a  number  of  years  following  served  as  president 
of  the  Acadia  parish  school  board.  At  the  beginning  of  the  Civil  war 
he  enlisted  as  a  member  of  the  19th  La.  volunteer  infantry,  attached  to 
the  army  of  the  Tennessee,  and  served  throughout  the  term  of  the  war. 
The  mother  is  now  deceased,  but  is  survived  by  her  hixsband,  who  is 
at  this  time  living  in  retirement  at  Rayne.  The  paternal  grandfather, 
James  Hunter,  was  a  native  of  South  Carolina.  Both  he  and  the  ma- 
ternal grandfather.  McKinney,  came  to  Louisiana  as  young  men,  and 
were  afterward  married  in  the  latter  state.  John  D.  Hunter  was  tifth 
of  7  children  born  to  his  parents,  as  follows  in  the  order  of  their  birth : 
Alice,  now  Mrs.  Thomas  Woodside;  Annie,  now  Mrs.  J.  D.  Groesbeck; 
Martha,  deceased  wife  of  Dr.  Thomas  Ragan;  Katharine,  John  D., 
the  sub.ject  of  this  sketch;  Grace,  wife  of  Dr.  R.  E.  Cunningham,  and 
Margaret.  John  D.  Hunter  attended  the  public  schools  of  Rayne,  fol- 
lowing which  he  was  a  student  at  the  State  Normal  school,  Natchi- 
toches, La.,  during  2  terms.  He  then  taiight  in  Lafayette  and  Iberia 
parishes  until  1900,  when  he  entered  the  Medical  Department  of  the 
University  of  the  South,  Sewanee,  Tenn.  After  passing  2  years  as  a 
medical  student  in  this  latter  institution,  he  entered  the  Memphis 
hospital  Medical  college,  (Tenn.)  from  which  he  gi'aduated  in  1902. 
Following  the  completion  of  his  professional  education,  he  located  at 
Lafayette,  La.,  and  there  began  medical  practice,  btit  after  about  18 
months  in  this  location  removed  to  Rayne,  where  he  has  since  been  con- 
tinuously engaged  in  general  practice.  Feb.  7,  1910.  Dr.  Hunter  was 
married  to  Miss  Orra  Kelley,  of  Galveston,  Tex.,  and  2  children  have 
been  born  to  their  union,  namely:  Margaret  and  John  D.,  Jr.  Dr. 
Hunter  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  South,  and  is 
affiliated  with  the  Masonic  fraternity.  Knights  of  Pythias,  Woodmen 
of  the  World,  Independent  Order  Odd  Fellows,  the  Acadia  parish, 
Louisiana  State  Medical,  and  the  Attakapas  Clinical  society,  of  which 
latter  organization  he  served  as  president  from  June,  1912,  to  June, 
1913.  Also,  he  is  president  of  "Acadia's  Cash  Emporium,  Ltd,"  a 
mercantile  corporation  operating  one  of  the  largest  general  stores  in 
Acadia  pari.sh,  the  business  being  conducted  at  Rayne.  Dr.  Hunter  is 
afSliated  with  the  democratic  party,  and  has  served  the  people  of  his 
locality  in  various  official  capacities.  He  filled  the  position  of  pi-esi- 
dent  of  the  board  of  health  during  4  years.  In  1910  he  was  elected 
Mayor  of  the  city  of  Rayne,  and  his  administration  of  the  affairs  of 
the  city  proved  so  satisfactory  to  his  constituents  that  he  has  since 
been  twice  re-elected  to  succeed  himself  in  that  important  office,  and 
is  at  this  time  serving  his  third  term.    During  his  incumbency  of  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  215 

Mayor's  office  a  $20,000  school  building  has  been  erected,  the  service 
of  both  the  water  and  electric  light  systems  has  been  doubled,  and  an 
internal-combustion  oil  engine  of  the  latest  model  has  been  installed 
in  the  electric  light  and  water  plant. 

Hunter;  John  Ransdell,  of  Alexandria,  Rapides  parish,  district 
attorney,  was  born  in  Alexandria,  Nov.  2,  1880.  His  father,  Robert 
P.  Hunter,  whose  biography  is  published  in  this  volume,  was  promi- 
nent in  public  life  in  Rapides.  After  going  through  the  primai-y  and 
grammar  studies  in  the  schools  of  his  native  town,  John  Ransdell 
Himter  completed  his  education  at  Spring-Hill  college,  near  Mobile, 
Ala.  Choosing  the  profession  of  law,  he  passed  an  examination  before 
the  state  supreme  court  and  was  admitted  to  practice  Nov.  .5,  1902. 
Mr.  Hunter  formed  a  partnership  with  his  father  and  with  his  brother, 
R.  A.  Hunter,  achieving  considerable  success  and  ranking  among  the 
ablest  lawyers  in  that  part  of  the  state  oif  Louisiana.  Hardly  1  year 
after  beginning  the  practice  of  the  legal  profession,  Mr.  Hunter  was 
elected  district  attorney,  the  youngest,  at  that  time,  of  any  state  prose- 
cuting officer  in  Louisiana.  He  is  now  serving  his  3d  term,  having 
twice  been  re-elected  without  opposition.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Knights  of  Columbus,  Alexandi-ia  Council;  and  is  largely  interested 
in  the  lumber  business,  and  in  real  estate.  On  the  occasion  of  the  cel- 
ebration of  the  Diamond  Jubilee  of  St.  Charles  college,  at  Grand 
Coteau,  parish  of  St.  Landry,  La.,  Mr.  Hunter  received  the  de- 
gree of  LL.  D.  In  1904,  there  took  place  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Hunter 
and  Miss  Catherine  Stafford,  daughter  of  Gov.  D.  T.,  and  Amy  (Gra- 
ham) Stafford,  and  grand-daughter  of  Gen.  LeRoy  Stafford  who  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  the  Wilderness,  during  the  Civil  war  of  1861- 
65.  Mrs.  Hunter  was  born  in  Rapides  parish,  and  was  educated  in 
Alexandria.  The  family  consists  of  5  children,  Eleanor,  David,  John, 
Catherine,  and  Elizabeth. 

Hunter,  Robert  P.,  attorney  of  Alexandria,  La.,  was  born  in  Rap- 
ides parish.  May  18,  1847,  the  son  of  Robert  A.  Hunter,  a  native 
of  Natchez,  Miss.,  who  was  born  Dec.  20,  1812.  His  grandfather 
was  Pleasant  Henderson  Hunter,  who  was  born  in  Kentucky  and 
married  at  Natchez,  Miss.,  Miss  Kitchen,  daughter  of  Benjamin 
Kitchen,  and  moved  with  his  son  to  Rapides  parish,  La.,  in  1813. 
Robert  A.  Hunter  was  a  planter  until  1858,  when  he  was  elected 
treasurer  of  the  state  and  moved  with  his  family  to  Baton  Rouge, 
where  he  resided  during  1858  and  1859.  He  then  moved  to  New 
Orleans,  where  he  was  president  of  the  board  of  ciirrency.  It  is 
a  matter  of  history  that  prior  to  the  war  Louisiana  had  the  best 
monetary  system  in  the  United  States  and  its  currency  was  taken 
at  par  all  over  the  country.  He  was  a  Confederate  soldier  and 
was  in  the  Battle  of  Shiloh,  April  6,  1862.  On  the  way  to  the 
Battle  of  Baton  Rouge  he  was  wounded  and  incapacitated  for 
further  service.  After  the  war  he  obtained  a  license  to  practice 
law,  and  located  at  Alexandria.  He  died  in  July,  1882,  in  his  70th 
year.  The  grandfather,  Pleasant  H.  Hunter,  was  a  planter  and 
merchant  and  lived  on  the  plantation  now  known  as  Eden,  18  miles 
above  Alexandria.  He  was  the  son  of  James  Madison  Hunter,  who 
served  in  tlie  Revolutionary  war  and  was  a  descendant  of  one  of 
two  brothers,  who  moved  from  the  north  of  Ireland  to  Kentucky 


216  LOUISIANA 

previous  to  that  war.  Robert  A.  Hunter  and  Sarah  Jane  Ford 
Avere  married  when  he  was  18  and  she  was  16  years  of  age.  She 
Avas  a  daughter  of  William  P.  Ford  and  died  in  1853.  The  father 
served  in  the  Mexican  war  and  was  adjutant  in  the  regiment  with 
Col.  ilarks.  They  were  the  parents  of  12  children,  of  whom  5  grew 
to  maturity.  Robert  P.  is  the  7th  son  of  the  7th  son;  was  edu- 
cated in  the  State  university,  then  at  Pineville,  La.,  and  at  Wash- 
ington and  Lee  university,  at  Lexington,  Va.  Gen.  Lee  was  presi- 
dent of  the  college  at  the  time  subject  attended  school  there.  He 
knew  Gen.  Lee  personally  and  visited  at  his  house.  Returned 
from  college  in  1868  and  studied  law,  and  Aug.  9,  1869,  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  and  located  at  Alexandria,  where  he  has  been 
in  practice  44  years,  being  one  of  the  oldest  practicing  attorneys 
in  the  state.  He  was  married  July  7,  1870,  to  Miss  Martha  L.  Rans- 
dell,  a  sister  of  United  States  Senator  Joseph  E.  Ransdell.  Five 
children  have  been  born  to  them,  as  follows :  Robert  A.,  attorney, 
who  has  been  appointed  assistant  United  States  attorney  for  the 
Western  District  of  Louisiana,  and  now  resides  at  Shreveport ;  John 
R.,  attorney,  state  district  attorney  for  the  13th  Judicial  District 
of  Louisiana ;  Sarah,  who  is  the  wife  of  Ambrose  J.  Hertzog,  living 
on  a  plantation  near  Deary,  La. ;  ^Martha,  the  wife  of  Dr.  Clarence 
Pierson,  superintendent  of  the  state  insane  asylum,  at  Jackson, 
La.,  and  Mary,  at  home.  For  10  years  during  reconstruction  days 
he  took  an  active  part  in  freeing  Louisiana  from  negro  domina- 
tion, and  in  1874,  started  and  edited  a  newspaper  called  the  "Cau- 
casian," which  was  the  beginning  of  the  movement  which  was 
afterwards  called  the  "White  League."  From  1884  to  1886  he 
served  in  the  state  legislature,  representing  Rapides  parish,  and 
took  an  active  and  prominent  part  in  the  fight  against  the  Louisi- 
ana Lottery  Co.,  in  1892.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias. 
Hjnnel,  Raoul  S.,  D.D.S. — New  Orleans. — Was  born  in  St.  James 
parish.  La.,  Feb.  11,  1884;  son  of  John  F.  Hymel  and  Zelia  (Le- 
boeuf)  Hymel,  both  of  whom  are  natives  of  the  parish  in  which 
the  son  was  born,  the  father  being  in  mercantile  business  there. 
George  Dupreville  Hymel,  the  paternal  grandfather,  was  a  Louisi- 
ana planter.  He  married  Miss  Elena  Theriot,  of  St.  James,  La. 
The  doctor's  maternal  grandmother  was  Miss  Augustine  Voisin, 
a  native  of  Paris,  France,  who  came  to  America  in  the  year  1852 
at  the  age  of  7.  She  married  Mr.  August  Leboeuf,  a  well-known 
Louisiana  planter,  in  the  early  '70s.  Raoul  S.  Hymel  attended  Jef- 
ferson college,  in  St.  James  parish,  and  after  completing  his  studies 
there,  became  a  student  at  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry, 
from  which  institution,  he  graduated  with  the  class  of  1908.  Fol- 
lowing his  graduation,  he  immediately  took  up  the  practice  of  his 
profession  at  New  Orleans,  and  his  patients  have  received  his  best 
professional  attention  since  that  time.  In  addition  to  attending  the 
requirements  of  his  private  practice,  the  doctor  is  demonstrator  in 
Prosthetic  Technic  at  the  New  Orleans  College  of  Dentistry,  branch 
of  Tulane  university.  Sept.  7,  1909,  Dr.  Hymel  was  married  to 
Miss  Nellie  May  Brunswick,  daughter  of  James  and  Annie  (Dodds) 
Brunswick,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La.     Three  children  have  been  born 


BIOGRAPHICAL  217 

to  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Hymel,  viz.:  Nellie  May,    Mary    Claire,    and    Lu- 
cille Dolores. 

Irion,  Valentine  King— New  Orleans,  La.,— Was  born  at  Marks- 
ville,  Avoyelles  parish,  La.,  July  31,  1862;  son  of  Judge  Alfred 
Briggs  and  Caroline  (King)  Irion,  the  former  of  whom  was  born 
Feb.  18,  1833,  in  the  parish  in  which  the  birth  of  the  son  occurred, 
and  the  latter  in  1836  at  Opelousas,  La.    The  founder  of  the  Irion 
family  in  America  was  Phillip  Jacob  Irion,  Jr.     He  came   from 
Karlesruhe,  Germany,  where  he  served  as  secretary  of  commerce 
under  Charles  Frederic  II,  having  resigned  said  office  at  the  time 
he  emigrated.     His  father,  Phillip  Jacob,  Sr.,  had  served  the  same 
Prince  as  Councellor  of  Commerce  and  Director  of  the  Mines,  Mints, 
and  J\Ianufactures,  and  a  short  time  before  his  death    (1754)    he 
was  created  Councellor  of  the  Chamber.     Phillip  Jacob  Irion,  Jr., 
settled  in  Culpepper  county,  Va.,  1760,  and  there  married  Sarah 
Poindexter  (1765),  daughter  of  Justice  John  Poindexter  and  Chris- 
tian (Anderson)  Poindexter,  of  Louisa  county,  Va. ;  granddaughter 
of  Thomas  Poindexter,  and  great-granddaughter  of  George  Poin- 
dexter  of  Middle  plantation,  the  founder  of  his  family  m  America 
(1650)'.    Phillip  Jacob  Irion  and  his  wife,  Sarah  (Poindexter)  Irion, 
had  7  sons,  of  whom  George  Anderson  was  the  youngest.    He  mar- 
ried Rebecca  Hunt,  daughter  of  Elijah  Hunt,  who  was  a  justice  of 
Halifax  county,  Va.,  and  sheriff  of  the  same  county  at  the  time  of 
his  death   (1797).     He  was  the  son  of  James  Hunt,  of  Charlotte 
county,   Va.,    and  a  nephew  of  Memucan  Hunt.     George  Anderson 
Irion  "and  Rebecca  Hunt,  his  wife,  had  3  children,  of  whom  Robert 
Richardson  Irion  was  the  youngest.    He  was  born  in  Halifax  county, 
Va.,  1808.     He  came  to  Louisiana  with  his  parents  in  1814,  and 
settled  at  Cheneyville,  and  later,  with  his  father,  opened  up  the 
old  Irion  plantation,  where  the  thriving  little  town  of  Bunkie  is 
now  located.     The  spot  was  then  an  unbroken  wilderness,  but  at 
the  time  of  the  Civil  war  was  one  of  the  finest  sugar  estates  in 
Middle  Louisiana.     Robert  Richard  Irion  married  Ann  Audebert, 
daughter   of  John  Audebert   and  Henrietta  Polhill,   who    came   to 
Louisiana  from  Georgia  in  1814.     John  Audebert  was  the  son  of 
Jobn  Hiram  Audebert,  a  Huguenot  and  member  of  the  Charleston 
colony,  and  Henrietta  Polhill  was  a  daughter  of  Maj.  Thomas  Pol- 
hill,  of  Burke  county,  Ga.,  and  granddaughter  of  Rev.  Natlianiel 
Polhill  of  Savannah,  Ga.,  and  Bedfordshire,  England,  the  founder 
of  his  family  in  America.    Robert  Ricliardson  Irion  and  Ann  Aude- 
bert, his  wife,  had  4  sons  and  a  daughter,  of  whom  Judge  A.  B. 
Irion  was  the  eldest.     Alfred  Briggs  Irion  married  Caroline  King 
(1858),  daughter  of  Valentine  King  and  Nancy  King,  and  grand- 
daughter of  Gen.  Jobn  Edwards  King  and  Sallie  Clifton ;  and  great- 
granddaughter  of  William  King  and  Elizabeth  Edwards,  of  Vir- 
ginia; also,  a  great-great-granddaughter  of  Richard  Bland  of  Vir- 
ginia.   Her  grandmother,  Letitia  Bland,  was  a  sister  of  Theodoric 
Bland,  "The  Cato  of  the  Revolution."   Ancestors  who  participated 
in  the  Revolution:  Phillip  Jacob  Irion,  Elijah  Hunt,  John  Aude- 
bert, Thomas  Polhill,  John  Edwards  King,  William  King,  and  Rich- 
ard Bland.    Gen.  John  Edwards  King  and  William  King,  wbo  were 
brothers,  served  under  Gen.  Shelby  during  the  Revolution.     Both 


218  LOUISIANA 

were  present  and  fought  in  the  Battle  of  King's  Mountain.  Gen. 
John  Edwards  King  commanded  the  Kentucky  troops  during  tlie 
"War  of  1812.  Judge  George  King  of  St.  Landry  parish  (formerly 
of  Kentucky)  served  under  Gen.  Wayne  in  his  campaign  against 
the  Indians  in  1794,  and  was  lieutenant  of  a  company  of  volun- 
teers at  the  Battle  of  New  Orleans,  1815.  He  was  appointed  judge 
of  the  Attakapas  district  by  Gov.  Claiborne,  and  served  in  that 
capacity  for  30  years.  He  was  the  father  of  Nancy  King,  who 
was  the  mother  of  Caroline  (King)  Irion.  He  was  also  the  father 
of  George  R.  King,  who  was  an  associate  justice  of  the  supreme 
court  of  Louisiana,  and  grandfather  of  Judge  John  E.  King  of 
Opelousas,  La.,  a  distinguished  lawyer  and  scholar.  George  Ander- 
son Irion  was  an  officer  in  the  War  of  1812,  having  risen  from  the 
ranks  to  the  commission  of  major  for  bravery  and  general  gallantry 
in  the  service.  Maj.  Thomas  Polhill  (Ga.)  was  also  an  ofScer  in 
the  War  of  1812.  Judge  Alfred  Briggs  Irion  served  under  Gen. 
Richard  Taylor  in  the  Civil  war.  He  was  attached  to  Randal's 
Tex.  cavalry  brigade — Walker's  division — and  participated  in  the 
battles  of  Mansfield  and  Pleasant  Hill.  His  2  brothers,  George  and 
Charles,  were  in  active  service.  He  was  elected  to  the  legislature 
from  Avoyelles  parish  in  1864,  and  left  the  army  to  perform  the 
duties  of  that  office.  He  opposed  secession  with  all  the  energy  and 
ability  he  could  exert,  but  surrendered  gracefiilly  to  the  will  of 
the  majority,  and  cast  his  lot  with  his  native  state.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  constitutional  convention  of  1879.  He  was  created 
a  circuit  judge  by  that  body,  and  was  siibsequently  elected  to  the 
49th  Congress  from  the  6th  congressional  district  of  Louisiana.  He 
was  author  of  the  act  donating  the  old  Federal  garrison  at  Baton 
Rouge  to  the  Louisiana  State  university,  being  the  site  where  that 
institution  now  stands.  Judge  Alfred  Briggs  Irion  died  at  New 
Orleans  in  1903.  Valentine  King  Irion,  the  subject  of  this  sketch, 
received  his  earlier  education  in  the  common  schools  of  Avoyelles 
parish,  following  which  he  attended  Louisiana  State  university  and 
graduated  from  that  institution  in  1884.  The  succeeding  2  years 
were  spent  in  travel  and  study  in  Europe,  and  upon  his  return  to 
America  he  entered  the  College  of  Dentistry,  University  of  Mary- 
land, completing  his  professional  studies  in  the  class  of  1887. 
Shortly  following,  he  opened  offices  at  Opelousas,  La.,  and  began 
the  practice  of  dentistry,  so  continuing  until  1897,  when  he  re- 
moved to  New  Orleans,  in  which  city  he  has  since  practiced.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  State  Dental  society  and  the  Odon- 
tological  society.  Dr.  Irion  is  a  progressive  Democrat,  and  has 
been  honored  with  the  positions  of  superintendent  of  public  in- 
btruction  for  the  parish  of  St.  Landry,  and  member  board  of  admin- 
istrators of  the  state  normal  school  at  Natchitoches,  La.  He  is  at 
this  time  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Louisiana  State  Board  of 
Dentistr.y.  He  was  the  organizer  and  president  of  the  "White 
Supremacy  league,"  of  St.  Landry  (1896),  which  declared  for  the 
"elimination  of  the  Negro  from  politics — peaceably,  if  possible,  but 
forcibly,  if  necessary;"  and  brought  about  the  constitutional 
convention  of  1898,  called  for  the  pui-pose,  accomplishing  the 
league's  aims  by  legal  means.    He  was  a  charter  member,  and  one 


BIOGRAPHICAL  219 

of  the  organizers  of  the  N.  0.  Progressive  Union,  and  remained  an 
active  member  until  it  was  reorganized  (1912)  and  the  name 
changed  to  Association  of  Commerce.  He  is  a  "Son  of  the 
American  Revolution,"  and  "Son  of  Confederate  Veteran." 
Sept.  18,  1889,  Dr.  Irion  was  married  to  Miss  Helen  Las- 
trapes,  daughter  of  Leonce  F.  and  IMary  (King)  Lastrapes, 
of  Opelousas,  La.  Four  children  have  been  born  to  Dr. 
and  ]Mrs.  Irion,  these  being:  Mary  Caroline,  Alfred  King,  Alice, 
and  Albert  Moore.  It  is  claimed  that  every  one  of  Dr.  Irion's  an- 
tecedents, both  paternal  and  maternal,  antedate  the  Revolution  in 
this  country — in  other  words,  not  a  drop  of  foreign  blood  has  been 
injected  into  the  family  since  tlie  Revolution. 

Isaacs,  Marks,  merchant  prince  of  New  Orleans,  large  real  estate 
owner,  philanthropist,  and  well-beloved  citizen,  was  born  at  Eden- 
koben,  Germany,  in  the  year  1851,  and  died  suddenly  of  heart  dis- 
ease, at  his  home  on  St.  Cliarles  avenue.  New  Orleans,  La.,  at  8:45 
o'clock  p.  m.,  Thursday,  April  21,  1910.  His  death  was  a  great 
shock  to  a  large  number  of  friends,  and  as  these  became  aware  of 
the  sudden  death  of  their  beloved  friend,  they  hastened  to  the 
palatial  residence,  where  the  grief-stricken  family  bemoaned  the 
loss  of  a  model  husband  and  father,  while  the  community  at  large 
prepared  to  mourn  the  final  departure  of  a  worthy  citizen  patriot, 
colossal  character,  and  widely-known  philanthropist,  whose  integ- 
rity was  above  reproach.  Mr.  Isaacs,  had  been  down  town  attend- 
ing to  business  as  usual  during  the  day,  and  while  his  health  had 
not  for  some  time  been  of  the  best,  because  of  his  close  application 
to  business,  he  had  not  complained  of  feeling  badly,  and  after  din- 
ner he  and  Mrs.  Isaacs  started  out  for  a  stroll  along  the  avenue. 
"While  walking,  he  suddenly  became  ill,  and  they  returned  home. 
Soon  after  entering  the  doorway,  he  became  unconscioiis,  and  within 
15  miniites  had  passed  quietly  into  the  sleep  which  knows  no  wak- 
ing. Mrs.  Isaacs  and  their  daughters  were  at  his  side,  but  their  2 
sons  could  not  be  reached  immediately  and  did  not  arrive  until  a  few 
minutes  after  their  fatlier's  death.  When  a  baby  of  2  years,  Marks 
Isaacs  was  brought  to  America  by  his  parents.  The  family  lived  at 
New  York  until  1870,  in  which  year  the  son  went  to  New  Orleans 
and  there  entered  the  service  of  his  uncle,  Simon  Kaufman,  who  then 
conducted  a  dry  goods  store  at  the  corner  of  Poydras  and  Baronne 
streets.  From  this  establishment  he  later  went  to  the  firm  of  A. 
Shwartz  &  Son,  on  Canal  street,  and  after  some  years  there, 
launched  out  into  business  on  his  own  account,  opening  a  store 
on  Dryades  street,  which  became  the  foundation  for  his  later  busi- 
ness successes.  This  was  in  the  year  1877,  and  after  operating  this 
store  alone  for  a  time,  he  took  into  partnership  Charles  A.  Kauf- 
man, and  the  firm  name  of  Kaufman  &  Isaacs,  which  later  became 
so  well  and  favorably  known,  was  then  born.  This  establishment 
developed  into  one  of  the  largest  in  the  city,  much  to  the  surprise 
of  those  who  predicted  that  a  large  store  could  not  flourish  else- 
where than  on  Canal  street,  in  New  Orleans.  In  1901,  Mr.  Isaacs 
withdrew  from  this  firm  and  became  associated  with  S.  J.  Shwartz 
&  Co.,  the  firm  name  l)eing  changed  to  the  Shwartz-Isaacs  Co.,  and 
they  built  up  the  ^Maison-Blanche  into,  a   gigantic   establishment. 


222  LOUISIANA 

of  president,  whicli  lie  held  until  the  bank  was  merged  with  the 
German-American  National  bank  in  1914.  Mr.  Janvier  was  state 
senator  from  the  6th  senatorial  district,  and  served  1  session  only, 
when  he  resigned.  He  was  chairman  of  the  Democratic  state  cen- 
tral committee  in  1906.  At  present  he  holds,  in  addition  to  the 
offices  mentioned:  Second  vice-president  of  board  of  administra- 
tors of  Tulane  educational  fund,  and  director  in  the  following: 
The  Sun  Insurance  Co.,  the  Louisiana  National  Life  Assurance  so- 
ciety, the  Title  &  Mortgage  Guarantee  Co.,  and  the  American  Cit- 
ies Co.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Boston,  the  Pickwick  and  of  the 
Country  clubs,  and  of  the  Carnival  Royal  Host.  He  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  White  League  in  1874,  president  of  the  Citizens'  League 
in  1896,  chairman  of  the  Yellow  Fever  fund  committee  in  1905 
(and  rendered  service  for  which  he  received  the  "Picayune"  lov- 
ing cup  for  1905).  He  was  First  Grand  Knight  of  the  first  council 
of  Knights  of  Columbus,  organized  in  Louisiana.  He  has  always 
taken  a  prominent  part  in  the  arrangements  for  the  annual  Mardi 
Gras  celebrations,  and  was  King  of  the  Carnival,  1896.  Mr.  Jan- 
vier was  married,  Oct.  3,  1883,  to  Josephine  Celeste  Bush  (who  de- 
parted this  life  Jan.  8,  1889),  leaving  8  children:  John,  Celeste, 
George,  Lois,  Carmelite,  Josephine,  Katharine  and  Regina.  Miss 
Lois  Janvier  had  the  distinction  of  being  Queen  of  the  Mardi  Gras 
Carnival,  1912. 

Janvier,  John,  lawyer  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  New  Orleans, 
July  24,  1884,  and  is  a  son  of  Charles  and  Josephine  Celeste  (Bush) 
Janvier.  (Personal  mention  of  his  father  is  made  elsewhere  in  this 
work.)  Mr.  Janvier  was  educated  in  private  schools,  and  then  com- 
pleted the  academic  course  in  Tulane  university,  afterward  began 
the  study  of  law  in  the  University  of  Virginia.  In  1905  he  graduated 
from  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  and  in  1906  he  was  ap- 
pointed notary  public.  He  is  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Mooney 
&  Janvier,  and  is  numbered  among  the  leading  young  members  of 
the  New  Orleans  bar.  Oct.  3,  1906,  Mr.  Janvier  and  Miss  Martha 
Newell  were  united  in  marriage.  Mrs.  Janvier  is  a  daughter  of  Mv. 
Robert  H.   Newell,  of  JMaysville,  Ky. 

Jastremski,  Leon,  was  born  1843,  in  France,  of  Polish  extraction. 
At  the  age  of  5  years  he  came  to  the  United  States  witli  his  parents, 
who  located  in  Lafayette  parish.  La.,  where  his  father  practiced 
medicine,  and  died  when  his  son,  Leon,  was  about  13  years  of  age. 
Leon  Jastremski  gained  a  fair  literary  education,  and  was  a  youth 
when  the  war  between  the  states  came  on.  In  that  civil  conflict,  he 
served  from  the  beginning  to  the  close  in  the  Confederate  army, 
rising  to  the  rank  of  captain.  In  1865,  Leon  Jastremski  engaged, 
with  a  brother,  in  the  drug  business  at  Baton  Rouge.  He  took  an 
active  part  for  the  next  10  years  in  overthrowing  the  republican 
regime  in  the  piiblic  aifairs  of  the  state,  and  in  1876  he  was  elected, 
on  the  democratic  ticket,  mayor  of  Baton  Rouge,  and  as  such  served 
for  8  years.  In  1879,  to  assist  the  movement  to  restore  the  state 
capitol  to  Baton  Rouge,  where  it  had  been  before  the  Civil  war, 
Leon  Jastremski  established  in  Baton  Rouge  a  newspaper,  and 
thus  began  what  was  to  be  a  long  and  successful  career  as  a  jour- 
nalist.   He  held  several  prominent  positions,  among  which  were  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  223 

following:  Commissioner  of  agriculture,  private  secretary  to  Gov. 
Heard,  United  States  consul  general  to  Callao,  Peru,  and  brigadier- 
general  of  the  Louisiana  state  militia.  He  also  served  as  a  member 
of  the  state  constitutional  convention  of  1879,  and  for  8  years  as 
state  printer.  For  several  years  Gen.  Jastremski  served  as  chair- 
man of  the  Democratic  state  central  committee.  He  was  twice  a 
candidate  for  the  high  office  of  governor  of  Louisiana,  and  died 
in  1911,  during  his  second  candidacy,  just  before  the  primary  elec- 
tion. For  20  years  he  was  president  of  the  Louisiana  State  Press 
association,  and  he  was  also  elected  commander-in-chief  of  the 
United  Confederate  Veterans,  of  Louisiana.  He  was  a  prominent 
member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  fraternity,  and  was  elected  Grand 
Chancellor  Commander  of  the  order  in  Louisiana.  Gen.  Jastremski 
married  Rosa  Larguier,  who  was  born  in  Baton  Rouge.  Of  their 
2  surviving  children  the  eldest,  Eugene,  is  secretary  of  the  state 
board  of  agriculture,  and  Henry  is  secretary  of  the  state  R.  R. 
commission. 

Jastremski,  Henry,  secretary  of  the  Louisiana  State  R.  R.  com- 
mission, was  born  at  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  Aug.  7,  1871,  and  is  a  son 
of  the  late  Gen.  Leon  Jastremski.  He  was  reared  in  Baton  Rouge, 
and  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  at  the  Louisiana  State  uni- 
versity, Jeiferson  college,  of  St.  James  parish,  and  the  University 
of  Alabama,  at  Tuscaloosa.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Sigma  Nu  fra- 
ternity, and  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  has 
long  been  active  in  politics  as  a  democrat,  and  has  served  as  sec- 
retary of  the  State  School  for  the  Deaf,  and  as  vice-president  of 
the  board  of  trustees  for  that  institution.  He  has  also  served  as 
secretary  of  the  State  Board  of  Appraisers,  which  position  he  re- 
signed to  accept  his  present  office  as  secretary  of  the  State  R.  R. 
commission.  In  1905,  Mr.  Jastremski  was  married  to  Miss  Frances 
Holloway,  of  Georgetown,  Ky.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jastremski,  1 
daughter  has  been  born,  namely,  Sarah  Land  Jastremski. 

Johnson,  Warren,  consulting  engineer,  and  one  of  the  prominent 
figures  in  professional  circles  of  his  native  city,  was  born  in  New 
Orleans,  Dec.  5,  1875,  the  son  of  Lewis  and  Rosena  (Smith)  John- 
son. The  father  was  born  in  New  Orleans  in  1836;  was  for  many 
years  conspicuous  in  the  industrial  life  of  the  city,  was  president 
of  the  Johnson  Iron  Works,  president  pro  tem.  of  the  sewerage  and 
water  board,  and  chairman  of  its  executive  committee  from  its  in- 
auguration until  his  death  in  1910.  He  was  also  president  of  the 
Audubon  Park  board.  Rosena  Smith  was  born  in  Derbyshire,  Eng- 
land, in  1839,  and  was  married  to  Lewis  Johnson  in  1859.  The  fol- 
lowing children  were  born  to  them:  Shirley,  wife  of  Henry  D. 
Stearns,  president  of  the  Johnson  Iron  Works;  Wilmer  Holmes, 
secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Jolmson  Iron  Works ;  Lew,  now  Mrs. 
Lew  Jolinson  Richardson;  Warren,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Eads, 
of  New  York  City,  and  Rosena,  who  died  in  1888,  at  7  years  of  age. 
Mr.  Warren  Johnson  was  reared  in  New  Orleans,  and  his  tirst  edu- 
cation was  obtained  at  T.  W.  Dwyer's  school,  where  he  prepared 
for  Tulane  university.  In  1896  he  graduated  from  the  architec- 
tural department  of  Tulane  university,  and  going  thence  to  Cornell 
university,  at  Ithaca,  N.  Y.,  he  graduated  from  that  institution  in 


224  LOUISIANA 

iireliitectural  engineering  in  1897,  and  tlien  spent  1  year  in  New 
York  in  engineering  work,  after  which  he  returned  to  his  New 
Orleans  home,  where  he  has  since  remained.  Upon  his  return,  lie 
was  made  superintendent  of  the  ship-building  department  of  the 
Johnson  Iron  Works,  ltd.  In  1905,  he  opened  an  ofSce  as  consult- 
ing engineer,  and  since  then  has  acted  in  that  capacity  for  the 
Johnson  Iron  Works  and  other  companies.  Mr.  Johnson  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  following  organizations :  The  Delta  Tau  Delta  frater- 
nity, American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers,  Louisiana  En- 
gineering society,  Louisiana  club,  of  which  he  is  president;  New 
Orleans,  Chess,  Checkers  &  Whist  club,  Audubon  Golf  club,  Rig- 
olets  Pishing  club,  and  is  chairman  of  the  Grounds  Committee  of 
the  Audubon  Park  commission.  In  religion,  he  adheres  to  the 
principles  of  the  Episcopal  church,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Annun- 
ciation congregation.  He  is  a  democrat  in  politics.  Mr.  Johnson 
was  married  in  1901  to  ]Miss  Elizabeth  Merrick,  daughter  of  Capt. 
David  T.  and  Lulu  (Dowdell)  Merrick.  In  1903  Mr.  Johnson's 
wife  died  and  left  1  daughter,  Elizabeth,  who  is  now  (1913)  10 
years  old. 

Johnston,  Hon.  Joseph  Egelston,  Jr. — By  earnest  and  persistent 
labor,  Hon.  Joseph  Egelston  Johnston,  Jr.,  of  Shreveport,  has  suc- 
ceeded in  the  business  world,  and  has  gained  the  confidence  of  his 
fellowraen  and  the  honor  of  an  election  as  a  representative  of  his 
parish  in  the  lower  house  of  the  General  Assembly.  He  is  a  native 
of  Louisiana,  born  in  Monroe,  Ouachita  parish,  March  27,  1878,  the 
second  of  9  children  born  unto  Joseph  Egelston  and  Annie  (Me- 
Clendou)  Johnston.  The  father  was  born  in  Alabama,  in  1847,  and 
died  in  Louisiana,  in  1910.  He  was  a  son  of  Silas  B.  Johnston,  of 
English  descent.  He  obtained  a  good  education,  graduating  at  Tu- 
lane  university.  Joseph  E.  Johnston,  Sr.,  was  prominently  identi- 
fied with  educational  work  in  this  state,  and  although  the  last  10 
j'eares  of  his  life  were  devoted  to  the  successful  practice  of  law,  he 
was  better  known  as  an  educator.  In  Claiborne  parish  he  was  asso- 
ciated in  educational  work  with  Col.  J.  W.  Nicholson,  now  pro- 
fessor of  mathematics  in  the  Louisiana  State  university.  For  sev- 
eral years  he  taught  in  the  schools  of  Monroe,  and  later  removed  to 
Bossier  parish,  where  he  served  with  ability  as  superintendent  of 
the  parish  schools,  and  afterward  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law. 
The  early  scholastic  training  of  Joseph  E.  Johnston,  Jr.,  was  re- 
ceived under  the  instruction  of  his  father,  and  at  the  age  of  14 
he  began  clerking  in  a  store  on  the  Red  river,  north  of  Shreveport, 
and  there  remained  during  3  years,  gaining  his  first  I  business  ex- 
perience. Succeeding  tliis,  lie  attended  and  taught  school  alter- 
nately, and  thereby  was  enabled  to  graduate  from  tlie  normal  de- 
partment of  the  University  of  Arkansas,  with  the  class  of  1900. 
Returning  to  Caddo  parish,  he  secured  a  position  with  Glassell 
Bros.,  general  merchants  at  Belcher,  La.,  beginning  on  the  small 
salaiy  of  $35.00  per  month.  He  remained  1  year,  and  then  resigned 
to  become  manager  of  a  plantation  store,  a  position  Mr.  Johnston 
accei)tably  held  for  2  years,  and  was  then  induced  to  go  with  the 
New  York  Life  Insurance  Co.  For  3  years  he  was  with  this  com- 
pany, and  in  1904  he  was  the  vice-president  of  the  "one  hundred 


BIOGRAPHICAL  225 

thousand  dollar  club."  Mr.  Jolinston  is  a  thorough  believer  in 
life  insurance  and  carries  one  hundred  thousand  on  liis  own  life 
In  1906,  Mr.  Johnston  moved  to  Shreveport,  and  soon  became  iden- 
tified with  the  business  life  of  the  city.  His  remarkably  successful 
career  in  the  real  estate  business  began  as  agent  for  the  Queens- 
borough  Land  Co.,  of  which  he  is  now  vice-president  and  manager, 
and  in  which  he  is  the  largest  stockholder.  He  is  a  builder  in  the 
broadest  sense  of  the  term  and  the  success  which  has  come  to  him 
indicates  genius  in  that  direction.  In  Shreveport  he  is  known  as 
the  "builder  of  Queensborough,"  a  suburban  residence  section, 
which  has  been  transformed  in  7  years  from  a  virgin  forest  to  a 
thickly  populated  suburb.  When  he  took  hold  of  Queensborough, 
in  1906,  there  were  perhaps  5  houses  in  the  entire  subdivision — 
today  there  are  more  than  500,  of  which  he  has  directed  the  building 
of  about  300,  and  it  is  still  growing  rapidly.  In  1912,  Mr.  John- 
ston was  elected  to-  the  lower  house  of  the  General  Assembly.  It 
was  the  first  time  he  had  ever  been  a  candidate  for  a  political  honor 
of  any  sort,  but  he  was  chosen  over  a  number  of  contestants.  His 
election  was  an  expression  of  the  confidence  of  the  people  of  his 
adopted  parish.  During  the  6  years  of  his  residence  in  the  parish, 
he  had  earned  a  reputation  as  a  man  of  ability  and  energy.  His 
record  as  a, legislator  is  one  of  which  his  many  friends  have  every 
reason  to  be  proud,  for  he  has  met  their  most  sanguine  hopes.  March 
26,  1902,  Mr.  Johnston  M'as  married  to  Lillian  Virginia,  daughter  of 
John  Hardy  IMarshall,  of  Shreveport.  Unto  them  have  been  born 
3  children :  Sadie  Vasti,  Joseph,  and  Jack  Marshall.  Fraternally, 
Mr.  Johnston  is  a  Knight  Templar  and  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  a 
Shriner,  an  Elk  and  a  Woodman  of  the  World,  and  also  a  member  of 
the  Shreveport  Golf  and  Country  club.  He  has  taken  a  commen- 
dable interest  in  all  public  movements,  and  is  one  of  the  foremost 
citizens  of  his  parish.  His  business  transactions  manifest  sagacity 
and  a  strict  regard  for  probity.  He  has  forged  his  way  to  the 
front  from  the  station  of  a  poor  young  man  to  that  of  a  prosperous 
and  well-to-do  man  of  large  and  extended  interests. 

Joyner,  Henry  Augustin,  president  of  the  Bank  of  Boyce,  parish 
of  Rapides,  and  extensively  engaged  in  general  mercantile  business, 
was  born  in  Warren  county,  N.  C,  Dec.  22,  1863,  son  of  Dr.  Wil- 
liam Henry,  and  Sarah  Ann  (Clanton)  Joyner.  The  family  is  of 
Englisli  descent.  Robert  Joyner,  grandfather,  and  William  Henry 
Joyner,  father  of  Henry  Augustin  Joyner,  were  ofScers  of  high 
rank  in  the  United  States  army  and  navy  during  the  Florida  war, 
the  former  having  been  colonel,  and  the  latter  lieutenant  in  the 
navy.  Col.  Joyner  died  in  Florida,  and  was  buried  in  the  United 
States  cemetery  at  Pensacola.  The  Clantons,  of  English  lineage, 
are  pioneer  settlers  of  North  Carolina,  and  several  of  its  members 
served  with  gallantry  and  distinction  in  the  Revolutionary  war. 
Henry  Augustin  Joyner  was  the  ninth  child  in  a  family  of  ten,  of 
whom  seven  are  living.  His  parents  moved  to  Canton,  Miss.,  when 
he  was  2  years  old,  and  he  was  reared  and  educated  in  that  town 
until  his  18th  year,  when  he  went  to  Bunkie,  and  next  to  Nansfield, 
La.,  being  employed  as  traveling  salesman.  Locating  in  Boyce,  in 
1892,  Mr.  Joyner  continued  on  the  road  for  about  7  years,  and  then, 
III— 15 


226  LOUISIANA 

with  his  brother,  Andrew,  he  opened  a  general  merchandise  store, 
under  the  partnership  title  of  A.  &  H.  A.  Joyner,  the  firm  even- 
tually becoming  one  of  the  largest  mercantile  establishments  in  the 
parish  of  Rapides.  When  the  Bank  of  Boyce  was  organized  in  1902, 
with  a  capital  of  $15,000,  Mr.  Joyner  was  elected  president,  and 
'he  is  still  at  the  head  of  that  prosperous  institution,  of  which  J. 
Dawson  Johnson  is  cashier,  and  H.  L.  Thompson,  vice-president. 
Mr.  Joyner  is  a  prominent  and  wealthy  citizen  of  Boyce,  identified 
with  the  best  interests  of  that  town,  in  commerce,  finance  and  pol- 
itics. He  was  vice-chairman  for  4  years  of  the  democratic  executive 
committee,  and  then  chairman  for  the  same  length  of  time  in  Rap- 
ides parish,  also  7  years  a  member  of  the  school  board,  tilling  an 
unexpired  term  of  3  and  a  full  term  of  4  years.  He  is  a  JIason  in 
high  standing,  affiliated  with  the  Blue  Lodge,  and  having  occupied 
many  offices  in  the  lodge.  Was  for  1  term  the  Consul  Commander 
of  the  Order  Woodmen  of  the  World,  in  Boyce,  and  is  at  present  an 
active  member  of  the  Camp.  The  marriage  of  Henry  Augustin 
Joyner  and  of  Jliss  Elizabeth  Frances  Hoss,  a  daughter  of  James 
and  Catherine  (Tharp)  Hoss,  of  Louisiana,  took  place  Nov.  14,  1906. 
They  have  one  son,  Henry  Hallam  Joyner. 

Jung,  J.  Charles. — In  the  coal  business  in  the  city  of  New  Or- 
leans since  the  year  1895. — Is  a  son  of  L.  A.  and  Azelie  (d 'Hebe- 
court)  Jung,  and  was  born  in  the  year  1869  at  New  Orleans,  La., 
where  he  has  lived  from  infancy  to  the  present.  His  earlier  edu- 
cation was  obtained  at  a  private  school,  conducted  by  Mrs.  Vatinel, 
afterward  entering  the  public  schools.  When  the  eoiirse  of  instruc- 
tion liad  been  completed  at  the  latter,  in  1883,  he  matriculated  at 
Louisiana  state  university,  in  which  institution  be  remained  a  stu- 
dent during  3  years.  Following  the  completion  of  his  studies,  he  en- 
tered business  in  the  service  of  bis  uncle,  L.  E.  Jung,  continuing  in 
this  connection  until  tlie  year  1895,  when  he  became  associated  with 
liis  father  in  the  coal  Inisiness,  their  enterprise  prospering  and  con- 
tiniially  growing  unto  the  present  time  under  the  same  manage- 
ment. ]\Ir.  Jung  is  a  member,  respectively,  of  tlie  Chess,  Checkers 
&  Whist  club,  and  the  Stratford  club.  In  1893,  Jlr.  Jung  was  mar- 
ried at  New  Orleans  to  Miss  Rita  Buisson,  a  daughter'  of  A.  Buisson, 
and  niece  of  Judge  Th.  Buisson.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jung  8  children, 
as  follows,  liave  been  born :  Inez,  Emily,  Rita,  Lydia,  Mildred, 
Odette,  J.  Charles,  Jr.,  and  Solange.  Rita  and  Lydia  are  deceased. 
The  other  ehildrefi  reside  at  the  parental  home.  It  cannot  be 
doubted  that  Mr.  Jung's  years  of  experience  as  a  coal  merchant  in 
the  same  locality,  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  this  experience  now  em- 
bracing a  period  near  20  years,  has  placed  liim  in  a  position  of 
preeminence  in  that  line  of  trade  and  enables  him  to  afford  his 
patrons  advantages  well-nigh  impossible  to  one  less  experienced. 
He  has  witnessed  many  and  varied  changes  affecting  the  coal  sup- 
ply and  facilities  for  handling  the  great  needs  of  the  city  in  his  field 
of  activity,  and  naturally  has  become  a  leading  authority  on  all 
matters  affecting  the  supply,  the  methods  of  handling  and  distribu- 
tion, and  the  fluctuating  prices  of  coal  of  various  grades.  ^Ir.  Jung 
has  long  l)een  intimately  associated  with  the  commercial  and  in- 
dustrial life  of  the  city,  and  is  widely  and  generally  known  through- 


Tjoiis  a.  .liNc; 


BIOGRAPHICAL  227 

out  its  varied  circles,  taking  an  active  interest  in  all  things  that 
vitally  concern  the  welfare  of  the  people  among  whom  he  lives  and 
conducts   a   firmly-established   commercial   enterprise. 

Jung,  Louis  A.,  a  leading  figure  in  the  commercial  life  of  New 
Orleans,  and  son  of  Alexander  A.  Jung,  was  born  on  the  Island 
of  Martinique,  in  1845.  His  fatlier  was  a  native  of  the  same  island, 
and  was  born  in  1817.  In  Martinique  he  had  a  place  called  Plateau 
Jung,  on  which  he  cultivated  coffee.  He  finished  his  education  in 
France,  where  he  graduated  at  the  College  of  Louis  le  Grand.  In 
1848,  when  31  years  of  age,  he  came  to  New  Orleans  and  made  his 
home  here  the  remainder  of  his  life.  When  he  first  came  to  this 
city  he  began  to  write  for  newspapers,  but  not  finding  it  sufficiently 
remunerative,  he  engaged  as  a  bookkeeper,  at  which  he  was  an 
expert.  Because  of  his  unfavorable  experience  at  newspaper  cor- 
respondence, he  got  the  idea  that  in  America  an  education  was  not 
worth  wliile.  Shortly  before  the  Civil  war,  J\Ir.  Jung  bought  sev- 
eral slaves  and  gave  a  mortgage  on  them  and  when  afterwards  the 
slaves  were  freed,  Mr.  Jung  considered  that  he  was  morally  bound 
to  pay  off  the  mortgage,  and  so  worked  for  several  years  at  his 
bookkeeping  to  accomplish  tliis  end.  He  died  in  New  Orleans  in 
1897,  at  the  age  of  80  years.  Tlie  Jungs  who  remained  on  the  Island 
of  ^Martinique  were  prominent  people  there,  but  unfortunately  half 
the  family  were  killed  by  a  tornado  about  1898,  and  most  of  the 
remainder  lost  their  lives  by  the  eruption  of  Mt.  Pelee.  An  uncle 
of  L.  A.  Jung  lost  all  of  his  children,  who  took  refuge  in  a  barn  at 
the  time  of  the  tornado.  One  aunt  of  Mr.  Jung,  sister  of  his  father, 
Madame  Capra,  who  escaped  these  catastrophies,  afterwards  went 
to  France,  is  now  deceased.  Her  granddaughter,  ]\Iiss  Capplen,  was 
at  one  time  Damoiselle  d'Honneur  at  the  Court  of  Sweden,  is  now 
deceased.  The  children  of  Alexander  Jung  now  in  New  Orleans 
are :  Louis  A.,  L.  E.,  living  on  Jackson  avenue,  and  1  sister, 
who  is  now  Sister  Angele  of  St.  Joseph 's  convent,  in  New  Orleans. 
Louis  A.  Jung  came  to  New  Orleans  when  3  years  old.  He  attended 
McCauley's  school,  which  was  then  on  Camp  street,  but  on  account 
of  the  father's  idea  that  in  America  an  education  was  not  valuable, 
he  was  taken  out  of  school  wlu^n  but  little  more  than  13  years  old 
and  put  to  work.  He  began  as  clerk  in  a  wholesale  flour  store,  but 
afterwards  went  with  Cambon  &  Avee,  where  he  remained  until  he 
was  24  years  old,  when  he  went  with  Godchaux  as  confidential  clerk 
and  held  this  position  for  12  years.  In  1881,  at  the  age  of  36,  Mr. 
Jung  went  into  the  coal  business  on  his  own  account.  In  1895  he 
took  his  sons  into  partnership  with  him  and  the  firm  became  known 
as  Jung  &  Sons.  It  was  later  formed  into  a  corporation,  of  which 
L.  A.  Jung  is  president.  Mr.  Jung  is  also  in  the  oil  business,  being 
vice-president  of  the  Texas  Oil  Co.,  to  which  concern  he  devotes 
most  of  his  time.  In  1865  Mr.  Jung  was  married  to  Miss  Marie  Azelie 
Ledossu  d'Hebecourt,  daughter  of  Francis  Napoleon  Ledossu  d'He- 
becourt,  of  New  Orleans.  Mrs.  Jung's  great-grandfather  founded 
the  city  of  Gallipolis,  0.,  and  the  Portsmouth  (0.)  Republican  of 
July  4,  1867,  contained  some  sketches  of  French  residents  of  Gal- 
lipolis and  the  following  is  copied  from  that  paper:  "Francois  An- 
aclet  d'Hebecourt  was  some  30  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  the  land- 


228  LOUISIANA 

ing  of  the  French  immigrants  at  this  place.  He  was  of  commanding 
appearance,  graceful  in  his  manners,  of  finely  cultivated  mind  and 
had  been  reared  in  luxury  and  ease ;  but  few  men  among  the  immi- 
grants possessed  as  much  intelligence  and  acquaintance  with  life 
as  d'Hebecourt.  At  the  very  outset  his  counsel  was  relied  upon, 
and  the  immigrants  on  completing  their  voyage  and  route  to  the 
banks  of  "La  Belle  Rivier, "  being  compelled  to  form  a  military 
company  in  order  to  defend  themselves  against  the  attacks  of  In- 
dians, Gov.  St.  Clair  was  petitioned  and  asked  to  issue  a  commis- 
sion to  d'Hebecourt  as  captain.  A  commission  Avas  promptly  for- 
warded and  during  the  Indian  war,  from  1790  until  peace  was  made 
in  1794,  Capt.  d'Hebecourt  commanded  the  garrison,  containing 
some  500  French  immigrants,  to  wliom  rations  and  provisiou.s  were 
furnished  the  greater  part  of  the  time  by  tlie  United  States  com- 
missaries. Wliile  Captain  d'Hebecourt  was  in  command  of  the 
military  force,  he  required  a  rigid  adherence  to  military  orders. 
He  had  been  an  officer  in  the  French  army  and  was  a  perfect  mas- 
ter of  military  tactics  and  garrison  duties.  His  company  was  di- 
vided into  classes  of  10  men  to  each  class,  who  took  turns  in  patrol- 
ling the  country  daily,  so  that  every  class  would  be  called  out  1 
day  in  12  to  mal^e  a  circuit,  starting  out  and  going  up  or  down  the 
Ohio  some  10  miles,  then  .spreading  apart  and  marching  in  a  cau- 
tious and  stealthy  manner  around  the  country  so  as  to  get  to  the 
river,  above  or  below,  as  the  case  might  be,  and  then  to  the  garrison 
to  report  the  day's  operations.  This  line  of  conduct  prescribed  by 
Capt.  d'Hebecourt  was  so  successfully  carried  out  that  the  Indians 
never  approached  without  due  notice  to  the  garrison.  Indeed,  the 
tact  and  military  ability  displayed  by  Capt.  Hebecourt  drew  forth 
flattering  testimonials  from  Col.  Elbenzer  Sproat,  who  was  in  com- 
mand of  tlie  6  garrisons  of  Washington  county."  To  j\Ir.  and  Jlrs. 
L.  A.  Jung,  the  following  children  have  been  born:  Ambroisine, 
now  Mrs.  Ernest  Develle ;  Charles  and  Theodore,  members  of  Jung 
&  Sons,  and  Rita,  now  Mrs.  Stewart. 

Kahle,  P.  Jorda,  prominent  New  Orleans  physician  and  specialist, 
was  born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Nov.  25,  1882;  son  of  Herman  and 
Nisida  (Jorda)  Kahle,  born  respectively  in  Goettingen,  Germany, 
1853,  and  New  Orleans,  La.,  1858.  The  maternal  grandfather,  P. 
Jorda,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  and  during  the  Civil  war  served 
4  years  as  a  Confederate  soldier,  his  command  being  attached  to 
the  Army  of  the  Tennessee.  He  died  in  1904,  at  the  age  of  83  years. 
The  Jorda  family  has  for  several  generations  lived  in  New  Orleans. 
Hermann  Kahle  graduated  from  Goettingen  university,  and  came 
to  New  Orleans  from  the  fatherland,  in  1870,  with  the  ob.ject  of 
engaging  in  the  cotton  business  with  his  uncle,  Gen.  Carl.  Reich- 
ard.  He  has  from  that  time  continued  a  resident  of  New  Orleans, 
being  now  assistant  cashier  of  the  Metropolitan  bank.  P.  Jorda 
Kahle  attended  the  public  schools  of  New  Orleans,  and  in  1898 
entered  the  academic  department  of  Tulane  university,  taking  a 
scientific  course,  and  graduated  with  the  degree  of  B.  S.,  in  1902. 
At  this  time  he  was  elected  teaclier  of  French  and  Spanish  under 
^rof.  Fortier,  and  continued  in  this  capacity  for  9  years,  being  so 
engaged  while  taking  a  medical  course  at  the  university.    He  grad- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  229 

ijated  from  Tulaue,  witli  liis  medical  degree,  in  1905,  with  distinction, 
liaving  done  original  work,  set  forth  in  an  ai'tiele  on  agglutintum 
tests  for  tuberculosis,  which  was  recommended  for  publication. 
Shortly  following  his  graduation,  he  spent  some  time  in  Panama, 
under  the  direction  of  the  Louisiana  state  board  of  health,  with  the 
object  of  preventing  yellow  fever  being  brought  to  New  Orleans. 
His  labors  in  Panama  being  successfully  concluded,  he  returned  to 
the  city  of  his  birth  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine,  but 
after  about  1  year  he  accepted  a  position  as  acting  assistant  sur- 
geon in  the  ilarine  Hospital  service,  and  was  stationed  in  Honduras 
during  an  epidemic  of  yellow  fever  there.  While  so  engaged  he 
was  asked  by  the  Honduran  government  to  undertake  the  sanitation 
of  Puerto  Cortez,  the  main  port  of  entry  on  the  Atlantic  coast,  and 
also  to  devise  means  and  to  supervise  the  work  of  placing  all  the 
towns  along  the  Intra-Oceanic  R.  R.  in  sanitary  condition.  This 
work  was  undertaken  and  successfully  completed,  with  the  result 
that  the  quarantine  was  raised  and  no  epidemic  of  yellow  fever 
followed.  Returning  to  the  United  States,  Dr.  Kahle,  in  1907,  took 
a  special  course  at  Rush  IMedical  college,  Chicago,  in  genito-urinary 
and  venereal  diseases,  following  which  he  returned  to  New  Orleans 
and  resumed  practice  in  the  specialties  for  which  he  had  fitted  him- 
self. In  1911  he  resigned  as  a  teacher  in  the  academic  department 
of  Tulane  imiver^ity,  and  in  1913  was  elected  assistant  in  surgery 
of" the  genito-urinary  organs  and  rectum,  which  position  he  tills 
at  this  time.  Dr.  Kahle  is  a  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish  Medical 
association,  Louisiana  State  Medical  association,  American  Medical 
association,  and  the  American  Urological  association.  He  is  now 
clinical  assistant  in  genito-urinary  and  venereal  and  rectal  diseases 
at  Tulane  Post-Graduate  Medical  school,  and  also  visiting  surgeon 
at  the  New  Orleans  Charity  hospital.  Dr.  Kahle  has  1  son,  Henry 
Reichard,  born  1910. 

Kaufman,  Charles  A.,  president  of  the  Charles  A.  Kaufman  Co., 
Ltd.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  Germany,  June  15,  1845 ;  a  son  of 
Jonathan  and  Helen  (Firnberg)  Kaufman,  both  natives  of  Ger- 
many. Jonathan  Kaufman,  the  father,  followed  the  avocation  of  a 
merchant  in  Germany,  and  after  having  removed  to  the  United 
States,  in  the  year  1850,  lived  in  retirement  until  the  end  of  his  life. 
His  death  occurred  in  1851.  His  wife  survived  him  until  1890.  To 
their  union,  12  children  were  born,  only  three  of  whom  are  living  at 
this  time.  Charles  A.  Kaufman,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  the 
youngest  of  the  3  children.  He  attended  a  private  school  at  Ope- 
lousas.  La.,  and  later  in  New  Orleans,  being  prepared  in  the  latter 
for  entering  Harvard  university,  but  was  deterred  from  going  there 
by  the  begininng  of  hostilities  of  the  Civil  war.  Instead  of  going 
north  to  the  university,  he  entered  the  service  of  a  wholesale  dry 
goods  house  at  New  Orleans,  and  there  continued  about  3  years, 
following  which  he  became  a  salesnian  in  a  retail  store,  and  con- 
tinued in  this  latter  connection  for  4  years.  Following  these  7 
years  in  the  dry  goods  business,  wholesale  and  retail,  he  formed  a 
partnership  with  the  late  Marks  Isaacs,  under  the  firm  name  of 
Kaufman  &  Isaacs,  and  launched  into  l)usiness  on  Dryades  street, 
in  New  Orleans,  this  being  in  the  year  1878.     The  business  pros- 


230  LOUISIANA 

pered  from  the  beginning,  and  this  finu  name  remained  unchanged 
throughout  about  22  years  of  successful  merchandising.  In  1900 
the  long-standing  partnership  was  dissolved,  and  the  firm  of  Charles 
A.  Kaufman  Co.,  Ltd.,  was  organized,  with  Charles  A.  Kaufman, 
president ;  Arthur  I.  Kaufman,  vice-president,  B.  Kiam,  treasurer, 
and  Claude  M.  Kaufman,  secretary.  Along  with  the  above  officers 
of  the  corporation,  the  board  of  directors  also  include  the  name 
of  Percy  S.  Kaufman,  who  is  a  stockholder  in  the  organization. 
There  has  been  no  change  in  the  personnel  of  the  officers  and  direc- 
tors since  the  original  selection  of  these  at  the  time  of  the  incorpor- 
ation of  the  business  at  its  beginning,  and  under  their  direction  and 
management  the  business  of  this  firm  has  prospered  from  its  start, 
and  continues  its  healthy  growth  and  expansion.  Chas.  A.  Kauf- 
man's interests  and  activities  are  by  no  means  confined  to  this  big 
mercantile  business.  He  is  also  a  member,  respectively,  of  the  board 
of  directors  of  the  Commercial-Germania  Trust  &  Savings  bank, 
and  of  the  Stern  Foundry  &  Machine  Co. ;  also  a  member  of  the 
sewerage  and  water  board  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  his  commis- 
sion in  the  latter  capacity  expiring  in  the  year  1921.  ilr.  Kaufman 
was  married  in  April,  1869,  and  is  the  father  of  6  children,  namely: 
Arthur,  Cora,  wife  of  B.  Kiam ;  Bertha,  now  Mrs.  N.  S.  Stern,  of 
New  Orleans ;  Claud  M.,  Percy  S.,  and  Viola,  wife  of  Stanford  M. 
Beers,  of  New  Orleans,  commission  broker.  I\Ir.  Kaufman  has  long 
been  widely  known  throughout  the  commercial  and  financial  cir- 
cles of  New  Orleans,  and  contiguous  and  tributary  regions,  and  his 
connections  and  associations  are  very  extensive.  His  long  and  suc- 
cessful record  as  identified  with  the  community  of  New  Orleans 
conclusively  .siiows  him  as  a  public-spirited  citizen,  at  all  times  fully 
alive  to  the  best  interests  of  the  people  among  whom  he  lives,  and 
readily  co-operating  in  any  movement  directed  toward  conserving 
those  interests.  He  is  a  man  of  the  highest  sense  of  personal  in- 
tegrity and  unswerving  loyalty,  and  upon  those  sterling  cjualities 
his  successful  career  is  founded  and  has  endured  through  many 
adverse  conditions  and  discouraging  situations  under  the  weight 
of  which  a  less  stable  character  could  not  have  survived.  He  is  fit- 
tingly numbered  among  the  city's  most  successful  and  dependable 
men  of  large  affairs  and  complex  business  activities. 

Kemp,  Robert  Christie,  M.  D. — Baton  Kouge,  La. — Is  a  graduate 
of  the  medical  department  of  Tiilane  university  of  Louisiana,  where 
he  received  his  degree  of  ]\I.  D.,  with  the  class  of  1900.  During  1 
year  thereafter  he  served  as  an  interne  in  the  New  Orleans  Charity 
hospital,  this  being  followed  by  2V2  years'  service  as  resident  physi- 
cian at  the  Louisiana  Insane  hospital,  Jackson,  La.  He  then  located 
at  Echo,  La.,  where  he  reniMiued  in  active  general  practice  about 
5  years.  At  the  expiration  of  this  period,  in  1908,  he  located  at 
Baton  Rouge,  in  which  city  the  doctor  has  liuilt  up  a  large  and 
lucrative  general  practice  and  has  gained  the  reputation  of  an  able 
surgeon.  He  fills  the  position  of  surgeon  for  the  Standard  Oil  Co., 
of  Baton  Rouge,  and  is  surgeon  for  the  Louisiana  State  university. 
Dr.  Kemp  is  a  member  of  the  East  Baton  Rouge  Parish  Medical  so- 
ciety, the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  the  American  Medical 
association,  the  Medical  Congress  of  Surgeons  of  North  America, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  231 

the  Charity  Hospital  Alumni,  the  Masonic  fraternity,  being  a  Knight 
Templar  Mason.  In  1904,  Dr.  Kemp  was  married  to  Mrs.  IMargaret 
Wilson,  nee  Bonnet,  and  3  children  have  been  born  to  their  union. 
Dr.  Kemp  was  born  in  Yazoo  county,  Miss.,  Dec.  15,  1873,  but  was 
reared  in  the  state  of  Louisiana  and  educated  at  Amite  collegiate 
institute.  After  leaving  school  he  obtained  employment  in  a  gen- 
eral store,  where  he  gained  valuable  experience  as  a  druggist,  mean- 
while studying  medicine.  His  father,  Dr.  Jonathan  Joseph  Kemp, 
now  located  at  Independence,  La.,  has  been  a  very  .successful  prac- 
titioner for  many  year,5.  The  father  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  in 
which  he  served  as  a  private  in  Confederate  cavalry,  and  as  a  pris- 
oner of  war  was  confined  at  Chicago  for  a  portion  of  the  time  during 
the  war.  Dr.  Jonathan  Joseph  Kemp,  the  father,  was  married  to  Jliss 
Susan  Richardson.  Both  the  mother  and  father  were  born  in  Lou- 
isiana. Dr.  Robert  Christie  Kemp  enjoys  a  large  popularity,  both 
with  his  professional  brethren  and  anu)ug  tho.se  who  come  under 
his  care  as  patients.  As  a  citizen  he  is  held  in  high  esteem  by  the 
people  among  wliom  he  lives  and  does  the  work  of  his  life  avocation. 
The  doctor  has  taken  no  active  part  in  politics  further  than  to  dis- 
charge the  obligations  of  citizenship  and  aid  in  the  selection  of 
those  delegated  to  administer  the  laws  of  the  land  in  which  his  lot 
is  cast.  He  is  always  found  ready  to  do  his  part  in  any  movement 
which  is  to  carry  the  people  forward  to  better  things  in  their  daily 
lives. 

Kemper,  James  Parkerson,  civil  engineer,  was  born  in  St.  Mary 
parish,  Aug.  5,  1868,  the  son  of  William  P.  Kemper,  a  native  of  St. 
Mary  parish,  who  was  born  June  26,  1826,  who  lived  all  his  life  in 
St.  Mary  parish  and  died  there  Nov.  26,  1890;  and  Monica  (Rogers) 
Kemper,  who  was  born  in  Boston,  Ma.ss.,  in  Nov.,  1835,  the  daugh- 
ter of  John  and  Margaret  (Reynolds)  Rogers.  Monica  Rogers  came 
to  St.  Mary  parish  as  a  governess  in  1857  and  in  1  year  married  Mr. 
W.  P.  Kemper.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  W.  P.  Kemper,  8  children  were 
born,  as  follows:  Steplien  Young,  who  died  in  infancy;  Eliza 
Blanche,  afterwards  ilrs.  Carroll  Barton  of  Assumption  parish,  and 
who  died  in  1892 ;  William  Byrne,  now  of  Wharton,  Tex. ;  Kate  Gil- 
man,  now  Mrs.  Dr.  W.  P.  Simmons,  of  Terre  Bonne  parish ;  Mary 
Jane,  now  Mrs.  Wallace  Trowbridge,  of  Evmice,  La. ;  James  Parker- 
son,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Walter  Young,  of  Franklin,  St.  Mary 
parish,  now  internal  revenue  collector  at  New  Orleans,  and  Cliarles 
Delaware,  of  Franklin,  St.  ]\Iary  parish,  who  is  superintendent  of 
the  Sterling  Sugar  &  R.  R.  Co.  J.  P.  Kemper's  great-grandfather 
was  Nathan  Kemper,  who  moved  to  St.  Mary  parish  in  1807.  He 
and  Gov.  Johnson  were  partners  in  a  sugar  plantation  on  Bayou 
Sale.  This  Nathan  Kemper  was  prominent  in  the  early  history  of 
this  country.  Reuben  Kemper,  a  bachelor,  and  a  brother  of  Nathan 
Kemper,  served  under  Jackson  at  the  Battle  of  New  Orleans  in  the 
War  of  1812.  This  battle  occurred  in  Jan.,  1815,  after  peace  had 
been  proclaimed,  but  they  did  not  know  it.  This  same  Reuben  Kem- 
per served  under  Sam  Houston  wlien  Texas  fought  for  freedom  from 
Mexico.  He  was  deeded  large  land  grants  for  his  services,  but  he 
did  not  care  for  it,  and  went  of¥  and  let  it  alone.  The  Kempers 
were  brought  to  this  country  from  Germany  in  1712  or  1717,  by 


232  LOUISIANA 

Gov.-Gen.  Spottiswood,  to  operate  mines  in  Virginia.  They  settled 
the  little  colony  of  Germania  in  Virginia.  J.  P.  Kemper  spent  his 
youth  in  St.  Mary  parish  and  was  taught  by  a  governess  until  14 
years  old,  when  he  went  to  the  Maryland  agricultural  college  in 
Prince  George  county,  IMd.  From  there  he  went  to  the  University 
of  Alabama  in  1884,  and  graduated  from  the  school  of  engineering 
with  the  degree  Bachelor  of  Engineering,  in  1887,  and  for  post- 
graduate work  obtained  the  degree  C.  E.  in  1891  from  the  same 
university.  After  obtaining  his  first  degree  he  started  in  R.  R. 
engineering  in  Alabama,  but  in  1890  he  changed  into  electrical  en- 
gineering, and  that  year,  1890,  he  spent  in  what  was  then  the 
Thompson-Houston  works,  in  Lynn,  Mass.,  which  is  now  part  of 
the  General  Electric  Co.  The  year  1891  was  spent  in  electrical  bus- 
iness in  St.  Paul,  Minn.,  and  the  years  1892  and  1893  in  the  same 
line  in  Chicago.  In  1894  he  returned  to  Louisiana  and  continued  in 
electrical  engineering  until  1896,  when  he  returned  to  the  practice 
of  civil  engineering  in  St.  Mary  parish,  which  consisted  mostly  of 
drainage  work.  In  1908  he  moved  to  New  Orleans,  and  has  since  had 
a  general  engineering  practice  which,  however,  is  nearly  all  country 
work.  In  addition  to  this  engineering  work,  he  has  always  had 
sugar  plantations  and  some  of  the  time  timber  interests.  He  now 
has  a  timber  interest  in  Pointe  Coupee  parish.  i\Ir.  Kemper  is  a 
member  of  the  Louisiana  Engineering  society  and  also  a  member  of 
the  Episcopal  chui-ch.  In  1896  he  married  Cordelle,  daughter  of 
T.  S.  Alexander,  of  St.  Mary  parish.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kemper  3 
children  have  been  born,  as  follows:  Cordelle,  James  Lawson  and 
Richard  l\ogers  Kemper. 

Kemper,  Walter  Y.,  civil  engineer  and  resident  of  Franklin,  La., 
was  born  on  Cote  Blanche  Island.  Saint  Mary  parish.  La.,  Sept.  13, 
1871,  the  son  of  William  P.  and  Monica  (Rogers)  Kemper.  His 
father  was  southern  born,  Saint  ^Mary  parish  being  his  native  place, 
and  his  mother  was  born  in  Maine.  The  Kempers  came  from  Vir- 
ginian to  Louisiana.  They  were  of  German  origin.  The  great- 
great-grandfather  of  Mr.  Kemper  was  the  first  to  come  to 
Louisiana.  He  settled  in  Saint  Mary  parish,  and  there  the  family 
has  lived  for  5  generations,  and  its  members  for  the  greater  part 
have  been  sugar  planters.  ~Mr.  Kemper's  father  was  a  veteran  of 
the  Civil  war,  in  which  he  served  4  years  as  a  private  in  a  Louisiana 
regiment  of  the  Confederate  army.  He  died  in  1890  at  the  age  of 
65  years,  and  his  wife  survived  him  19  years  and  died  at  the  age 
of  74.  They  had  7  children,  of  which  Walter  Y.  is  the  youngest 
but  one.  Only  one  of  the  children  are  deceased.  All  of  them  were 
reared  on  the  plantation.  Walter  Y.  Kemper  was  prepared  for 
college  by  his  sisters  and  private  governesses,  and  in  1890  he  grad- 
iiated  in  mining  engineering  from  the  University  of  Alabama.  While 
in  this  university,  Mr.  Kemper  took  a  course  in  sugar  chemistry, 
and  after  graduating  was  for  3  years  a  sugar  chemist,' then  lie  be- 
came manager  of  the  parental  plantation,  and  later  of  other  plan- 
tations, his  last  experience  being  in  Cuba  for  one  year.  He  then 
returned  to  Louisiana  and  located  at  Franklin,  where  he  has  since 
been  engaged  in  civil  engineering,  but  in  the  meantime  he  has  had 
time  for  politics,  as  a  Republican,  and  in  1910  he  was  appointed 


BIOGRAPHICAL  233 

supervisor  of  United  States  census  for  the  second  Louisiana  cen- 
sus district.  In  Oct.,  1911,  Mr.  Kemper  l)ecame  collector  of  United 
States  internal  revenue  for  the  State  of  Louisiana,  a  position  he 
now  liolds.  In  1894,  Mr.  Kemper  and  Miss  Leonora  Barton  were 
united  in  marriage.  Mrs.  Kemper  is  a  daughter  of  Jlr.  E.  D.  Bar- 
ton, a  prominent  sugar  planter  of  Saint  James  parish,  where  she 
was  born.  Five  children  have  been  born  unto  ilr.  and  Mrs.  Kem- 
per. They  are:  Leonora  Barton  Kemper  (Mrs.  Robert  H.  Collins), 
Walter  Y.  Kemper,  Jr.,  William  P.  Kemper,  Clarence  Barton  Kem- 
per, and  Donald  Barton  Kemper. 

Kerr,  Frank  Montgomery,  chief  state  engineer  of  Louisiana,  was 
born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Feb.  28,  1851,  the  son  of  Richard  Hulton 
Kerr,  a  native  of  Nassau,  Babanm  Islands,  and  Priseilla  (McCarthy) 
Kerr,  a  native  of  Cork,  Ireland.  Mr.  Richard  Hulton  Kerr  was 
l)orn  in  1820  and  came  to  America  when  a  young  man  and  settled 
in  New  Orleans,  identifying  himself  with  the  business  interests  of 
Louisiana  until  his  death  in  1906  at  the  age  of  86  years.  For  some 
time  Mr.  R.  H.  Kerr  was  a  railroad  man  in  the  employ  of  the  New 
Orleans,  Opelousas  &  Great  Northern  R.  R.,  which  is  now  a  part 
of  the  Southern  Pacific.  The  remainder  of  his  business  career  was 
spent  in  connection  with  the  Sun  Mutual  Insurance  company.  Jlr. 
F.  M.  Kerr's  mother,  Priseilla  (IMcCarthy)  Kerr  came  to  this  coun- 
try wiien  a  child  and  lived  here  until  her  death  in  1886  at  the  age 
of  60  years.  Mr.  Frank  JI.  Kerr  is  the  only  living  child  of  his 
parents.  His  early  education  was  received  in  the  public  schools 
and  from  there  he  went  to  the  Louisiana  state  university  in  1867, 
graduating  from  that  institution  in  1871  with  the  degree  of  C.  E. 
After  graduation  he  returned  to  New  Orleans  and  found  employ- 
ment as  private  secretary  to  the  chief  engineer  of  the  Louisiana 
levee  company,  then  under  contract  witli  the  state  of  Louisiaua  for 
the  construction  of  all  the  levee  work  in  the  state.  The  chief  en- 
gineer under  whom  Mv.  Kerr  served  was  Col.  Caleb  G.  Forshey,  a 
civil  engineer  of  great  note  at  that  time.  Mr.  Kerr  served  in  "this 
capacity  from  1871  to  1876  when  the  contract  with  the  Louisiana 
levee  company  was  abrogated  and  the  construction  of  all  levee  work 
was  resumed  liy  the  state  direct  tlirough  the  board  of  state  engineers 
of  Louisiana,  with  which  board  Mr.  Kerr  obtained  employment  as 
chief  draughtsman  under  ]Maj.  B.  M.  Ilarrod,  then  chief  state  en- 
gineer. "Sir.  Kerr  occupied  this  place  until  1882,  when  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  position  of  secretary  to  the  board  of  state  engineers, 
which  he  held  until  1888,  when  he  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Francis 
T.  Nichols  as  assistant  state  engineer  and  member  of  the  board  of 
state  engineers.  In  this  capacity  he  served  under  different  admin- 
istrations until  1902  when  he  was  appointed  by  Gov.  W.  W.  Heard 
as  chief  state  engineer,  an  office  he  has  continuously  held  until  the 
present  time,  liaving  acquired  a  wide  reputation  for  eiiSciency  and 
skill  in  his  profession.  Mr.  Kerr  is  a  menil)er  of  the  American  soci- 
ety of  civil  engineers  and  of  the  Louisiana  engineering  society;  he 
is  also  a  member  of  the  Boston  club.  In  1878  he  married  Miss 
Almaide  Kate  Bonnabel  of  New  Orleans,  daughter  of  Henry  and 
Jvdia  (McCarthy)  Bonnabel,  the  latter  being  a  sister  of  Mr.  Kerr's 
mother.     To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kerr  the  following  children  have  been 


234  LOUISIANA 

born :  Frank  JI.,  Jr. ;  Gertrude,  now  IMrs.  A.  W.  Jackman ;  Alma, 
now  Jlrs.  B.  U.  Sims,  of  Bryan,  Tex.,  and  Chas.  j\I.,  a  civil  engineer, 
and  now  assistant  liighway  engineer  of  Louisiana. 

Kimbell,  John  Lamar,  M.  D.,  of  Shreveport,  was  born  near  Homer, 
La.,  January  12,  1862,  and  is  a  sou  of  John  and  Mary  Jane  (Lewis) 
Kimbell.  His  father  was  born  Aug.  13,  1806,  in  South  Carolina,  but 
was  reared  in  Georgia.  He  was  a  son  of  Benjamin  Kimbell,  a  na- 
tive of  South  Carolina  and  a  sou  of  David  Kimltell,  who  was  a  na- 
tive of  Massachusetts  and  of  English  lineage.  This  family  of  Kim- 
bells  in  America  is  related  to  the  same  English  family  to  wliich  be- 
longed the  celebrated  Euglisli  actress,  Fannie  Kimbell,  and  actors, 
John  and  Philip  Kimbell.  Johu  Kimbell  came  to  Louisiana  about 
1848,  and  settled  in  Claiborne  parish,  and  there  established  "Kim- 
bell Hall"  plantation,  and  became  one  of  the  largest  iiplaud  plant- 
ers of  the  state.  In  the  fifties  he  served  in  the  legislature  from 
Claiborne  parish,  of  which  parish  he  afterward  served  as  sheriff. 
He  was  often  referred  to  as  "Honest"  John  Kimbell.  In  all  of  his 
private  and  public  relations  he  maintained  a  strict  regard  for 
probity  and  was  highly  respected  by  all  who  knew  him.  He  was 
twice  married,  his  first  wife  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Nancy  Mc- 
Gowan,  who  died  in  Georgia,  just  before  he  came  to  Louisiana,  and 
it  was  in  the  latter  state  that  he  married  Mrs.  Mary  Jane  Hobdy, 
nee  Lewis.  His  second  wife  was  born  in  Alabama,  the  daughter  of 
John  Lewis  who  was  a  direct  descendant  of  an  early  family  of 
Baltimore.  Johu  Kimbell  died  at  "Kimbell  Hall,"  his  plantation, 
in  1888,  and  the  mother  of  Dr.  Kimbell  died  in  1897.  She  was  pos- 
sessed of  strong  force  of  character,  with  sterling  qualities  of  heart 
and  mind.  Dr.  Kimbell  was  reared  at  "Kimbell  Hall"  and  edu- 
cated in  the  schools  and  colleges  of  his  native  parish.  Col.  J.  W. 
Nicholson  was  one  of  his  teachers  at  Homer  college,  and  after  com- 
pleting his  literary  education  he  took  up  the  study  of  medicine 
under  Dr.  Joseph  Atkinson,  of  Arcadia,  and  later  graduated  from 
the  Hospital  College  of  Medicine,  Louisville,  Ky.,  in  1884.  He  grad- 
uated in  medicine  with  distinction  aud  high  honors,  and  began  the 
practice  of  his  profession  in  Caddo  parish,  at  Bayou  La  Chute,  where 
he  remained  several  years,  and  thence  removed  to  Howard,  in  the 
same  parish,  and  a  few  years  later  he  practiced  and  resided  for 
2  years  at  Homer,  La.  In  1907,  Dr.  Kimbell  located  in  Shreveport, 
where  he  has  built  iip  a  large  and  remunerative  practice.  In  1906 
he  was  the  first  to  call  attention  to  the  breath  as  being  a  diagnostic 
feature  in  all  cases  of  appendicitis,  which  has  attracted  widespread 
interest  in  the  medical  profession.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Shreve- 
port City,  the  Louisiana  State  I\ledical  societies  and  of  the  Ameri- 
can Medical  association.  Fraternally,  he  is  a  Master  Mason  and 
a  Knight  of  Pythias.  In  church  faith,  he  is  a  Baptist.  In  1891 
Dr.  Kimbell  married  Miss  Ada  Lety  Mercer,  daughter  of  William 
Judson  Mercer,  a  lieutenant  of  the  Confederate  army.  Mrs.  Kim- 
bell was  born  in  Texas,  and  is  a  descendant  of  the  Rev.  Jesse  ]Mer- 
eer,  a  Baptist  divine  and  founder  of  Mercer  college,  Georgia.  Her 
mother  by  maiden  name  was  Clara  Adelaide  Prescott,  a  daughter 
of  Dr.  Prescott,  of  Lake  Providence,  La.  Mrs.  Kimbell  is  a  Colon- 
ial dame  and  a  Daughter  of  the  Confederate  States  of  America. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  235 

Unto  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Kirabell  were  born  the  following  children :  John 
Lamar,  Jr.,  Lewi.s  Mercer,  and  Mary  Jewell  Kimbell.  Dr.  Kimbell 
has  borne  a  prominent  part  in  the  promotion  and  organization  of 
several  industrial  concerns,  prominent  among  which  is  the  Caddo 
Rock  Drill  Bit  Co.,  and  takes  a  commendable  interest  in  movements 
which  tend  towards  the  betterment  of  the  public  weal. 

Knighton,  Joseph  E.,  M.  D. — Specialist  in  Digestive  Disorders, 
Shreveport,  La. — Was  born  at  the  farm  home  of  his  parents  in 
Claiborne  parish.  La.,  Dec.  15,  1870 ;  son  of  Joseph  0.  and  Martha 
J.  (Harvey)  Knighton,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Yazoo 
county.  Miss.,  and  died  in  Claiborne  parish,  La.,  in  the  year  1822, 
at  the  age  of  49  years.  He  was  a  planter  and  a  veteran  of  the  Con- 
federate army,  having  served  the  cause  of  the  Southern  states  from 
beginning  to  end  of  the  Civil  war.  The  mother  was  born  near 
Rome,  Ga.,  and  survives  at  this  time.  Pour  sons  and  two  daughters 
were  born  to  their  union.  The  mother  had  previously  been  mar- 
ried to  a  Mr.  Hamiter,  and  1  son  was  born  to  this  marriage.  Mr. 
Hamiter  served  as  a  Confederate  soldier,  and  was  killed  in  battle 
during  the  Civil  war.  Joseph  E.  Knighton,  the  son,  was  reared 
on  the  farm,  and  was  12  years  old  when  the  death  of  his  father 
occurred.  He  attended  the  parish  schools,  and  later  graduated 
from  the  high  school  at  Sunset,  Tex.  Following  this,  he  returned 
to  Claiborne  parish.  La.,  and  there  taught  a  school  about  2  years, 
afterward  beginning  the  study  of  medicine  at  Louisville  Medical 
college.  Later  he  graduated  from  the  medical  department  of  the 
University  of  Nashville,  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  the  class  of 
1899.  Shortly  thereafter  he  began  the  practice  of  medicine  in 
Claiborne  parish,  but  later  removed  to  Homer,  La.,  where  he  con- 
tinued as  a  practicing  physician  until  the  year  1909,  at  which  time 
he  removed  to  Shreveport  and  began  practice  as  a  specialist  in 
digestive  diseases.  Dr.  Knighton  has  taken  post-graduate  courses 
at  New  Orleans,  Chicago,  New  York,  and  Baltimore.  The  doctor 
is  a  member  of  the  Shreveport,  Louisiana  State,  and  Tri-State  Med- 
ical societies,  and  the  American  Medical  association.  He  is  a  thirty- 
second  degree  Scottish-Rite  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Baptist 
church.  In  1899  Dr.  Knighton  was  married  to  Miss  Mattie  Fay 
Duke,  of  Atlanta,  Ark.  Dr.  and  I\Irs.  Knighton  have  4  living  chil- 
dren. 

Koelle,  J.  Marcus,  M.  D.,  of  New  Orleans,  born  in  that  city,  March 
12,  1877,  the  son  of  Rev.  P.  0.  Koelle,  native  of  Elberfield,  Germany, 
(1839;  died  in  New  Orleans,  Oct.  28,  1904),  and  Anna  (Lotz) 
Koelle,  (born  at  Hesse-Cassell,  Germany  in  1839 ;  died  in  New 
Orleans.)  The  subject  of  this  biography  was  educated  in  a  parochial 
school,  next,  in  a  school  conducted  by  his  father,  later  in  Boothby's 
private  school,  and  entered  the  high  school  of  Tulane,  which  he  left 
to  attend  Port  Gibson  academy.  "While  at  the  latter  institution, 
the  yoiing  student,  thinking  he  was  called  to  the  ministry,  went  to 
the  Soutliwestern  Presbyterian  university,  but  after  studying  for 
1  year,  experienced  a  change  of  idea,  and  in  1897  matriculated  in 
the  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  from  wliich  he  grad- 
uated in  1901.  An  epidemic  of  smallpox  among  the  students  at 
Tulane,   during  the   time    Dr.   Koelle   was   following   the   courses, 


236  LOUISIANA 

caused  a  panic ;  and  he  was  the  only  one  who  volunteered  to  nurse 
the  sick;  faithfully  and  courageously  fulfilling  that  altruistic  serv- 
ice until  the  last  patient  had  recovered.  Since  graduating,  the  doc- 
tor has  been  in  continuous  practice  in  New  Orleans,  and  is  a  special- 
ist in  anesthesia,  which  he  had  studied  at  the  Skin  Cancer  hospital 
in  New  York  City,  under  Dr.  Gwathniey,  in  1910.  Before  leaving 
Tulane,  and  until  1911,  he  was  the  house  physician  at  Bethany  Home 
sanitarium,  founded  by  his  father  in  1889.  At  one  time  he  was  lec- 
turer iu  the  Orleans  Dental  college ;  and  is  now  visiting  special  anes- 
theist  to  the  Presbyterian  hospital,  the  Hotel  Dieu,  and  the  French 
hospital.  Is  a  member  of  the  Democratic  party ;  and  in  religion,  a 
Presbyterian;  and  is  affiliated  with  the  Orleans  Parish  and  State 
Medical  societies;  the  Pan-American  Medical  and  Surgical  and  the 
American  Medical  associations,  and  editor-in-chief  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  Anesthesia  of  the  Pan-American  Medical  &  Surgical  Jour- 
nal, the  new  official  organ  of  the  State  Medical  society;  Past  Master 
in  the  Masonic  order,  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  the  Odd 
Fellows,  the  Druids,  and  the  Red  Men.  Jan.  18,  1905,  Dr.  Koelle 
married  ]\Iiss  Mary  Henderson,  a  daughter  of  Zachary  Taylor  Hen- 
derson, of  Pointe  Coupee  parish,  La. 

Kohlmann,  William,  M.  D.,  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  Reinpfalz, 
Germany,  June  6,  1863 ;  son  of  L.  and  Regina  Kohlmann.  He  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native  country,  including  high 
school,  graduated  from  the  medical  department  of  the  University 
of  Heidelberg  in  1889,  and  from  the  medical  department  of  the 
University  of  Wuerzburg,  in  1890,  having  served  as  interne  in 
hospitals  in  the  meantime.  In  1891  he  came  to  America  and  located 
at  New  Orleans,  where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  practice,  with 
the  exception  of  brief  absences.  In  1897  he  took  post-graduate 
work  in  Berlin.  In  1897-98  he  was  resident  surgeon  at  Touro  in- 
firmary, and  following  this  term  was  surgeon-in-chief  to  the  same 
institution  until  1906.  He  is  now  visiting  gynecologist  to  both 
Touro  infirmary  and  the  New  Orleans  Charity  hospital.  Dr.  Kohl- 
mann specializes  in  gynecology  and  abdominal  surgery.  He  is  a 
member  of  Touro  Synagogue  and  of  the  Orleans  Parish,  Louisiana 
State  and  American  Medical  associations.  Southern  Medical  asso- 
ciation, and  the  Southern  Surgical  and  Gynecological  society. 

Kostmayer,  Hiram  Watkins,  successful  physician,  surgeon  and 
medical  educator,  was  born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  Sept.  25,  1883 ; 
son  of  John  G.  and  Catherine  (Eichborn)  Kostmayer,  born,  respec- 
tively, in  New  Orleans,  La.,  and  in  Germany.  His  paternal  grand- 
father was  the  first  representative  of  the  family  to  come  to  America, 
and  located  at  New  Orleans.  His  son,  John  G.,  was  for  40  years 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  J.  H.  Keller,  soap  manufacturer,  and  the 
oldest  soap  manufacturing  establishment  in  the  South.  He  is  at 
this  time  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business.  During  the  "Recon- 
struction Period"  in  Louisiana,  following  the  Civil  war,  he  was 
allied  with  the  forces  of  the  "White  League,"  and  participated  in 
the  battle  against  the  "carpet-bag"  regime  in  1874.  Catherine 
Eicliborn  came  from  Germany  willi  her  motlier  wlien  about  7  years 
old.  Hiram  Watkins  Kostmayer  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  New  Orleans.     After  graduating  from  the  Boys'  Central  high 


BIOGRAPHICAL  237 

school,  he  entered  Tulane  university,  and  took  the  degree  of  A.  B. 
at  that  institution  in  1904.  He  then  entered  tlie  medical  depart- 
ment of  Tulane  university,  and  in  1909  graduated  with  the  de- 
gree of  M.  D.,  having  meantime  spent  2  years  as  interne,  or  ambu- 
lance surgeon,  at  the  New  Orleans  Charity  hospital.  Following  his 
graduation,  he  entered  upon  the  practice  of  medicine  at  New  Or- 
leans and  has  so  continued.  Immediately  after  having  taken  his 
medical  degree  at  Tulane  university,  he  was  appointed  clinical  as- 
sistant to  the  chair  of  gynecology.  Later  he  was  made  instructor 
in  gynecology  and  chief  of  clinic  to  Prof.  Clark,  medical  depart- 
ment, Tulane  university.  From  the  time  of  his  graduation  he  has 
been  a  visiting  surgeon  to  the  Charity  hospital.  He  has  been  dis- 
trict surgeon  for  the  Illinois  Central  R.  R.  since  1911,  and  is  asso- 
ciate abstract  editor  of  the  magazine,  "Surgery,  Gynecology,  and 
Obstetrics."  Dr.  Kostmayer  is  a  member  of  the  Orleans  Parish 
Medical  association,  Louisiana  State  Medical  association,  American 
I\Iedical  association.  Phi  Chi  Medical  fraternity,  in  which  he  has 
been  active,  representing  the  orgi^uization  at  one  time  as  delegate 
to  the  national  convention  at  Atlanta.  Dr.  Kostmayer  is  also  a 
Mason — Blue  Lodge — and  at  this  time  occupies  the  post  of  Wor- 
sliipful  master. 

Kramer,  Wilbur  H.,  clerk  of  court,  Franklin,  St.  Mary  parish. 
La.,  was  born  at  Rome,  Ga.,  Nov.  6,  1871 ;  son  of  Rev.  William  P. 
and  Jean  (Mobley)  Kramer,  the  former  of  whom  was  a  native  of 
the  State  of  Maryland,  and  the  latter  of  Georgia.  The  father  was 
for  some  years  rector  of  Christ  Cathedral,  in  New  Orleans.  He  be- 
came an  Episcopal  clergyman  early  in  life,  and  some  of  his  earlier 
charges  were  at  Augusta,  Ga.,  and  Louisville,  Ky.  In  the  '70s  he 
succeeded  to  the  rectorship  of  Christ  Cathedral,  at  New  Orleans,  and 
was  one  of  the  clergymen  to  remain  in  New  Orleans  during  the 
yellow  fever  epidemic  of  1878.  He  survived  the  fever  epidemic, 
but  died  2  years  later,  1880.  His  widow  is  living  at  this  time.  In 
the  course  of  his  education,  Wilbur  H.  Kramer  attended  Selwin  Hall 
Military  academy,  Reading,  Pa.,  graduating  from  the  academy  in 
1888.  Following  this,  he  attended  Lehigh  university  2  years,  taking 
the  classical  course.  During  the  succeeding  2  yeai's,  he  traveled  in 
Europe  and  South  America,  and  in  1892  located  at  Patterson,  St. 
JMai-y  parish.  La.  Shortly  thereafter  he  became  secretary  of  the 
St.  Mary  Building  association,  and  remained  incumbent  of  that  po- 
sition for  8  years.  In  1900  he  was  apponted  superintendent  of  pub- 
lie  instruction  for  the  parish  of  St.  IMary,  and  occupied  tliat  office 
3  years.  In  1903  he  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Heard  to  till  an  unex- 
pired term  as  clerk  of  the  district  court,  and  has  been  elected  for 
3  successive  terms  in  that  capacity  since  the  expiration  of  the  term 
of  the  original  appointment,  the  last  election  having  been  in  1912. 
]Mr.  Kramer  is  vice-president,  respectively,  of  the  Bank  of  Berwick, 
and  the  People's  State  &  Savings  bank  of  Morgan  City;  also,  vice- 
president  of  the  St.  Mary  Building  association.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Episcopal  church  and  treasurer  of  his  church  parish ;  mem- 
ber of  the  Masonic  fraternity.  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Knights 
of  Pythias,  Ancient  United  Order  of  Druids,  State  Historical  so- 
ciety.   In  1897,  j\Ir.  Kramer  was  married  to  iliss  Annie  Parkei'son, 


238  LOUISIANA 

a  daughter  of  Gen.  Parkerson,  of  Franklin,  La.  Their  children, 
in  order  of  birth,  are  Wilbur  Parkerson,  Mildred  Parkerson,  and 
Stirling  Parkerson. 

Labbe,  Dr.  D.  C,  successful  dentist,  member  of  Louisiana  house 
of  representatives,  member  state  tax  commission,  St.  Martinville, 
La.,  was  born  at  St.  Martinville,  St.  Martin  parish.  La.,  Dec.  17, 
1875;  son  of  Arthur  and  Stephanie  (Duchamp)  Labbe,  the  former 
of  whom  was  born  in  the  same  locality  as  was  the  son,  and  the  lat- 
ter in  the  Island  of  Martinique.  For  further  details  as  to  parents 
and  ancestry,  see  sketch  of  Hon.  Theobald  J.  Labbe,  elsewhere  in 
this  work.  In  the  course  of  his  earlier  education,  D.  C.  Labbe  at- 
tended private  schools  at  St.  Martinville  and  at  Grand  Coteau,  in 
St.  Landry  parish,  and  after  having  been  thoroughly  prepared  at 
these,  matriculated  at  Spring  Hill  college.  Mobile,  Ala.,  from  which 
in  due  time  he  graduated.  When  his  academic  education  had  been 
completed,  in  1893,  he  entered  the  dental  department  of  North- 
western university,  Chicago,  111.,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
the  class  of  1896.  Shortly  following  the  completion  of  his  pro- 
fessional education,  he  opened  dental  offices  at  St.  Martinville,  and 
there  began  the  practice  of  dentistry,  which  was  continued  until 
the  year  1900,  when  he  purchased  the  Vida  sugar  refinery,  formerly 
owned  by  his  father-in-law,  in  Iberia  parish.  To  the  operation  of 
this  property  he  gave  his  attention  for  1  year,  when,  on  account 
of  threatened  ill  health,  he  removed  to  New  Mexico,  where  he  passed 
about  7  years.  In  1908  he  returned  to  St.  Martinville  and  engaged 
in  the  real  estate  business,  which  has  claimed  his  chief  attention 
from  that  time  to  the  present.  Dr.  Labbe  is  actively  affiliated  with 
the  Democratic  party,  the  principles  of  which  he  has  at  all  times 
supported;  nor  has  he  allowed  his  profession  to  deter  him  from 
the  activities  of  a  public-spirited  and  progressive  citizen  loyal  to 
the  best  interests  of  the  people  among  whom  he  lives.  He  has 
served  as  a  member  of  the  St.  Martinville  city  council,  and  as  mayor 
pro  tern.  In  1912,  Dr.  Labbe  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Louisiana 
state  legislature  from  St.  Martin  parish  for  a  term  of  -t  years,  and 
during  the  ensuing  session  of  the  legislature  was  appointed  by  the 
speaker  of  the  house  of  representatives  as  a  member  of  the  state 
tax  commission.  In  1913  he  was  elected  a  delegate  to  the  state  con- 
stitutional convention  at  Baton  Rouge.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  church.  In  1897  Dr.  Labbe  was  married  to  Miss 
Vida  Martin,  a  daughter  of  James  F.  and  Sara  (Whit)  Martin,  of 
Iberia  parish,  La.  Sara  (Whit),  wife  of  James  F.  Martin,  was  for- 
merly of  New  Orleans.  Four  children,  as  follows,  have  been  liorn 
to  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Labbe:  Harry  James,  born  1898;  Owen  J.,  1900; 
Lucille  M.,  1902 ;  Arthur  J.,  1904. 

Labbe,  Hon.  Theobald  J. — Farmer,  druggist,  banker,  legislator, 
and  Educator ;  St.  Jilartinville,  St.  Martin  parish.  La.,  was  born  at 
St.  Martinville,  Nov.  6,  1867.  His  father,  Arthur  Labbe,  was  born 
in  the  same  locality  as  was  the  son,  and  died  at  the  place  of  his 
birth,  in  the  year  1901,  at  the  age  of  60  years.  At  the  age  of  17  he 
enlisted  in  the  18th  La.  volunteer  infantry  and  served  as  a  Confed- 
erate soldier  throughout  the  years  of  the  Civil  war.  After  the 
war  he  returned  home,  collected  such  resources  as  remained  to  him, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  239 

and  began  business  as  a  merchant  at  St.  Martinville.  Subsequently 
he  began  farming,  and  continued  the  latter  occupation  until  the 
time  of  his  death.  He  lived  the  life  of  an  active,  public-spirited 
citizen,  and  in  the  course  of  his  services  to  the  public  during  8  years 
filled  the  position  of  president  of  the  police  jury  of  St.  Martin  par- 
ish. His  wife,  Stephanie  (Duchamp)  Labbe,  was  a  native  of  the 
Island  of  Martinique,  and  came  to  Louisiana  with  her  father,  Eu- 
gene Duchamp,  when  a  child.  Eugene  Duchamp  also  was  a  native 
of  the  Island  of  Martinique.  On  locating  at  St.  Martinville  he  es- 
tablished a  drug  business,  and  to  this  his  energies  were  devoted 
unitl  about  3  years  prior  to  his  death,  covering  a  period  of  40  years. 
His  store  stood  upon  the  ground  now  occupied  by  the  new  store 
owned  and  operated  by  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  the  latter  build- 
ing having  been  erected  in  1897.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Ce- 
saire  Labbe,  and  his  father,  Vincent  Labbe,  were  natives  of  St.  Mar- 
tin parish,  and  devoted  their  respective  lives  to  the  avocation  of 
farming.  The  founder  of  the  Labbe  family  in  Louisiana  came  to 
this  country  as  captain  of  a  French  sailing  vessel,  and  having  lost 
his  ship,  after  some  preliminary  prospecting,  located  at  Lafayette, 
where  he  opened  a  provate  school.  At  that  time  the  country  in  the 
region  of  Lafayette  and  thereabouts  was  known  as  the  Attakapas, 
and  St.  Martin  parish  then  included  a  part  of  Lafayette  and  Iberia 
parishes.  Theobald  J.  Labbe  was  the  first  of  7  children  born  to 
his  parents,  6  of  these  surviving  at  this  time.  He  was  educated  in 
private  schools  at  St.  Martinville,  later  entering  Louisiana  State 
university,  in  1879,  where  he  remained  until  1882,  following  which 
he  studied  pharmacy  at  St.  Martinville,  passed  an  examination,  and 
was  licensed  as  a  pharmacist  in  the  State  of  Alabama,  there  being 
no  laws  regulating  such  matters  in  Louisiana  at  that  time,  1886. 
In  1881  he  assumed  charge  of  a  stock  of  drugs  his  father  had  pur- 
chased, and  since  that  year  has  been  continually  engaged  in  the 
drug  business.  In  1897  he  erected  the  building  in  which  the  drug 
store  is  now  housed,  and  in  1910  built  the  store  adjoining,  now  oc- 
cupied as  a  hardware,  house-furnishing  and  specialty  establishment, 
the  dimensions  of  the  building  being  85x65  feet,  2  stories  high,  the 
largest  store  building  in  the  parish,  and  carrying  the  largest  retail 
stock.  In  1889,  through  the  State  Pharmaceutical  association,  Mr. 
Labl)e  was  appointed  by  Gov.  Murphy  J.  Foster  as  a  member  of 
the  Louisiana  pharmaceutical  examining  board,  and  was  later  re- 
appointed successively  by  Gov.  Blanchard  and  Gov.  Heard,  serving 
12  years  as  a  member  of  this  important  board,  4  years  of  which  time 
he  occupied  the  office  of  president.  In  1896  he  was  elected  mayor  of 
St.  Martinville,  and  without  opposition  reelected  in  1898.  In  1900 
he  became  a  candidate,  on  the  reform  ticket,  for  the  Louisiana  state 
senate,  and  was  duly  elected  to  that  body  from  the  13th  senatorial 
district,  comprising  St.  Martin,  Iberia  and  Lafayette  parishes.  In 
the  same  year  he  became  president  of  the  St.  Martin  parish  school 
board.  In  the  succeeding  term  of  the  Louisiana  state  senate.  Sen. 
Labbe  was  one  of  the  most  active  and  aggressive  workers  for  much- 
needed  reforms  throughout  the  stae,  by  no  means  confining  his 
efforts  at  bettering  conditions  to  his  own  district.  He  led  the  fight 
in  the  senate  for  the  institution  of  civil  service  in  the  admiuistra- 


240  LOUISIANA 

tive  affairs  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  and  is  credited  with  having 
saved  that  measure  for  the  city.  In  1904  he  was  not  a  candidate 
for  the  senate,  but  in  1908  was  again  elected  to  that  body.  It  was 
during  this  session  of  the  legislature  that  the  measure  directed  to- 
ward putting  an  end  to  race  track  gambling  was  introduced,  and 
in  the  upper  house  Sen.  Labbe  made  a  strong  and  successful  fight 
for  the  law.  He  also  introduced  a  measure  known  as  the  medical 
bill,  which  also  became  a  law  and  in  its  operation  did  away  with 
medical  practice  by  those  not  qualified.  This  bill  was  especially 
aimed  at  qviack  practitioners.  As  president  of  the  St.  Martin  par- 
ish school  board,  1900  to  1908,  inclusive,  the  first  tax  for  school 
purposes  was  levied.  In  the  year  1900  tliere  was  only  1  school 
building  in  the  parish  that  was  owned  by  the  parish.  During  the 
8  years  of  Sen.  Labbe 's  incumbency  as  president  of  the  board,  30 
school  buildings  were  erected  in  the  parish,  these  ranging  in  cost 
from  $1500  to  $20,000,  and  this  1  item  alone  furnishes  an  eloquent 
commentary  upon  the  efficient  labors  of  the  president  of  the  parish 
school  board,  but  in  addition  to  this,  the  standard  of  eificiency  of 
the  teachers  was  put  upon  a  much  higher  plane  than  it  pre- 
viously had  been.  These  school  buildings  are  constructed  3  miles 
apart,  so  that  no  child  in  the  parish  is  more  than  ly^  miles  from  a 
school.  In  the  year  1900  there  were  only  900  pupils  attending  the 
public  schools  of  the  parish.  At  the  end  of  Sen.  Labbe 's  incum- 
bency as  president  of  the  board,  3,000  children  were  attending  the 
public  schools  of  the  parish.  At  the  time  he  became  identified  with 
the  parish  school  board,  the  parish  was  paying  $500  per  year  to- 
ward the  support  of  the  schools,  and  is  now  paying  about  $14,000 
per  year  for  that  purpose,  while  even  a  larger  sum  is  received  from 
the  state.  Previous  to  the  year  1912  Sen.  Labbe  acted  with  the  dem- 
ocratic party,  biit  he  is  now  a  Progressive.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  fraternity,  and  in  church  affiliation  is  a  Roman  Catholic. 
In  1912  he  organized  the  Commercial  bank  of  St.  ilartinville,  was 
elected  president  of  the  institution,  and  has  remained  its  executive 
head  since  its  organization.  Sen.  Labbe  is  also  practically  inter- 
ested in  farming.  In  April  of  1889  he  was  married  to  JMiss  Corinne 
Flemming,  a  daughter  of  August  Flemming  of  St.  Martinville,  who 
for  a  number  of  years  occupied  the  office  of  clerk  of  court  of  St. 
Martin  parish.  Ten  children  have  been  born  to  Sen.  and  Mrs.  Labbe, 
these  being,  in  order  of  birth,  as  follows :  Alan,  who  was  2  years 
a  student  at  the  University  of  Michigan  and  2  years  at  Annapolis 
ililitary  academy,  and  now  a  teacher  in  the  Jeanerette  high  school ; 
May,  now  the  wife  of  Francis  Fournet,  an  electrical  engineer  and 
teacher  in  the  state  normal  school  at  Natchitoches,  La. ;  Hilda,  wife 
of  L.  J.  Voorhies,  civil  engineer  in  charge  of  city  improvements  at 
Lafayette,  La. ;  Waldo,  in  the  electrical  department  of  the  Southern 
Pacific  shops  at  Houston,  Tex. ;  Lorena,  Bessie,  Alice,  Stephanie, 
Ethel,  and  Elliot,  all  living,  and  all  except  those  otherwise  men- 
tioned, now  living  at  the  parental  home. 

Lafaye,  Edward  E.,  city  coniiuissioner  of  public  property.  New 
Orleans,  was  born  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  La.,  June  27,  1880, 
and  is  a  sou  of  John  Albert  and  Laura  (Leefe)  Lafaye,  the  former 
of  whom  was  born  4n  Charleston,  S.  C,  and  located  at  New  Orleans 


BIOGRAPHICAL  241 

when  14  years  of  age.  He  has  resided  in  the  city  coutiuually  since 
that  time  and  has  attained  the  age  of  74  years.  The  mother  was 
born  in  New  Orleans  and  her  life  ended  at  the  age  of  52.  To  their 
union  S  children  were  born,  5  of  whom  are  now  deceased.  Dui'ing 
a  period  of  about  20  years  the  father,  John  Albert  Lafaye,  operated 
as  a  sugar  planter  and  broker,  and  for  about  26  years  following 
this  he  was  a  traveling  commercial  agent  in  the  service  of  the  Illi- 
nois Central  R.  R.,  being  now  on  the  retired  list  of  that  corporation 
because  of  old  age.  Mr.*  Lafaye,  Sr.,  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war, 
in  which  he  served  throughout  the  conflict  as  a  member  of  Watson's 
Battery.  Edward  E.  Lafaye  passed  his  childhood  and  boyhood  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  he  received  his  education  in  the 
public  schools.  At  the  age  of  15  years  he  left  school  to  begiu  the 
battle  of  life  for  himself,  and  the  indications  are  that  in  this  battle 
the  young  man  has  "fought  a  good  fight"— in  fact,  a  very  good 
fight.  From  the  time  of  departure  from  school  he  was  identified 
with  the  wholesale  grocery  business  in  New  Orleans — covering  a 
term  of  approximately  20  years— and  in  1912,  at  the  time  of  his 
election  to  his  present  position  as  a  member  of  the  commission  gov- 
ernment of  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  he  was  assistant  manager  of 
the  Albert  Mackie  Grocery  Co.,  a  very  responsible  and  important 
position.  In  1902  Commissioner  Lafaye  was  married  to  i\Iiss  Julia 
Berkery  of  New  Orleans.  Four  children  have  been  born  to  their 
union. 

Land,  Alfred  Dillingham,  associate  justice  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  Louisiana,  was  born  in  Holmes  county.  Miss.,  Jan.  15,  1842.  His 
parents  were  Thomas  Thompson  and  Mary  Eliza  (Dillingham) 
Land.  His  father  was  born  in  Tennessee  in  1815,  reared  in  Holmes 
county,  Miss.,  educated  in  part  at  the  University  of  Virginia;  and 
licensed  to  practice  law  in  Mississippi  in  the  legislature  of  which 
state  he  served  1  term.  He  removed  to  Caddo  parish.  La.,  in  1846, 
and  in  1847  commenced  practicing  law  in  the  town  of  Shreveport. 
He  was  twice  elected  judge  of  his  district;  twice  elected  associate 
justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Louisiana;  was  a  member  of  the 
constitutional  convention  of  1879,  and  served  as  chairman  of  the 
Judiciary  Committee  of  the  convention.  He  died  in  July,  1893. 
Mary  Eliza  (Dillingham)  Land  was  born  in  ilississippi  in  1822  and 
died"  in  Shreveport  in  1902.  She  was  a  granddaughter  of  i\Iaj.  Al- 
fred David  Smith,  officer  in  the  Revolutionary  war  and  the  War 
of  1812,  and  a  friend  of  Andrew  Jackson,  as  well  as  a  prominent 
character  of  his  day.  Mrs.  Land  was  related  to  the  Runnels,  Hum- 
phries and  other  prominent  families  of  Mississippi.  On  the  Land 
side  the  family  descended  from  Capt.  John  Land  of  Land's  Ford 
on  the  Catawba  river,  S.  C,  who  was  killed  l)y  the  Tories  during 
the  Revolutionary  war.  Alfred  Dillingham  Land,  after  attending 
local  schools  in  Shreveport,  spent  2  terms  at  Centennary  college, 
and  2  terms  at  the  University  of  Virginia.  He  received  his  diploma 
from  the  law  school  of  the  University  of  Louisiana,  now  Tulane 
university,  in  May,  1861.  A  short  time  thereafter  he  enlisted  in 
Company  H,  7th  La.  volunteer  infantry,  C.  S.  A.,  and  served  with 
his  command  at  the  fir.st  battle  of  j\Ianassas,  July  21,  1861,  and 
in  minor  engagements  during  the  same  year.  In  1862  he  enlisted 
III— 16 


242  LOUISIANA 

in  Company  A,  28tli  Miss,  cavalry,  and  in  1863  was  assigned  to  Har- 
vey's Scouts,  in  which  he  served  until  badly  wounded  and  hon- 
orably discharged  in  Jan.,  1864.  Judge  Land  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  Nov.,  1865,  and  after  practicing  his  profession  in  the  city 
of  New  Orleans  about  a  year  and  a  half,  returned  to  Shreveport 
where  he  continually  and  successfully  practiced  law  until  his  ele- 
vation to  the  bench.  In  1893  and  1894  he  served  as  a  member  of 
the  committee  on  constitutional  amendments,  whose  recommenda- 
tions as  to  suffrage  and  several  other  provisions  were  incorporated 
in  whole  or  in  part  in  the  constitution  of  1898.  In  Sept.,  1894,  Judge 
Land  was  elected  as  additional  judge  of  the  First  Judicial  District 
in  and  for  the  Parish  of  Caddo.  In  1896  and  again  in  1900  he  was 
elected  sole  judge  of  his  district,  without  opposition.  In  Oct.,  1903, 
Judge  Land  was  appointed  by  Gov.  W.  W.  Heard  as  associate  jus- 
tice of  the  supreme  court  from  the  Second  Supreme  Court  District, 
vice  Justice  N.  C.  Blanchard,  resigned.  In  1910,  Ju.stice  Land  was 
defeated  for  the  Democratic  nomination  for  justice  by  Judge  Luther 
E.  Hall,  who  was  elected  to  succeed  Justice  Land  at  the  expiration 
of  his  term  in  June,  1912.  Judge  Hall  resigned  to  become  a  candi- 
date for  governor,  and  in  Nov.,  1912,  Justice  Land  was  elected  to 
succeed  himself  for  a  term  of  12  years.  In  November,  1869,  Alfred 
D.  Land  and  Miss  Sarah  Virginia  Lister  were  united  in  marriage. 
]\Irs.  Land  was  a  native  of  Harrison  county,  Tex.,  and  died  in  Feb., 
1884,  leaving  5  children,  namely :  Mrs.  Florence  L.  May,  Boston, 
Mass. ;  IMrs.  Tilly  H.  Scovall,  Shreveport,  La. ;  Mrs.  James  Ashtou 
Blanchard,  Shreveport,  La. ;  Alfred  D.  Land,  Jr.,  lawyer,  of  Shreve- 
port, La. ;  and  Vivian  L.  Land,  New  Orleans,  La. 

Land,  John  R.,  district  judge  for  Caddo  parish,  was  born  at  Lex- 
ington, Miss.,  July  9,  1862,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas  T.  and  Mary 
Eliza  (Dillingham)  Land.  His  father,  a  native  of  Tennessee,  was 
reared  in  Mississippi  and  later  settled  in  Caddo  parish,  La.,  where 
he  was  twice  elected  district  judge,  and  twice  elevated  to  the  su- 
preme bench  of  Louisiana.  His  mother  was  a  native  of  Mississippi. 
The  subject  of  this  personal  sketch  is  a  brother  of  Judge  Alfred  D. 
Land,  the  present  associate  justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Louisi- 
ana, and  in  whose  personal  sketch,  appearing  in  this  volume,  a 
more  extended  mention  of  paretnal  history  is  made.  John  R.  Land 
was  reared  in  Shreveport  and  educated  in  Wasliington  and  Lee  uni- 
versity, Lexington,  Va.  He  studied  law  in  the  office  of  his  father 
and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1884.  In  1888  he  was  elected  to 
represent  Caddo  parish  in  the  legislature,  and  in  the  same  year 
was  a  member  of  the  state  convention  to  nominate  delegates  to  the 
national  Democratic  convention.  In  1892  he  was  elected  district 
attorney  for  Caddo  parish  with  marked  and  exceptional  ability  in 
that  office  until  1904.  March  25,  1913,  he  was  elected  district 
judge.  Fraternally,  he  is  a  member  of  the  I.  0.  0.  F.,  the  Knights 
of  Pythias,  the  B.  P.  0.  E.,  and  other  fraternal  bodies.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  First  Church  of  Christ  Scientist,  Shreveport.  In 
1896  he  married  Miss  "Willie  Armstead.  To  Judge  and  Mrs.  Land 
2  children  have  been  born,  namely:  John  R.,  Jr.,  and  Mary  Eliz- 
abeth. Judge  Land  is  regarded  as  an  able  lawyer  and  jurist  and 
is  held  in  highest  esteem  by  all  who  know  him. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  243 

Landry,  Arthur,  attorney  and  notary  public,  New  Orleans,  was 
born  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  April  24,  1875 ;  son  of  Ernest  and  Hen- 
riette  (Juge)  Landry,  the  former  of  whom,  now  retired,  was  for 
many  years  prominently  identified  with  banking  interests  of  the 
city  of  New  Orleans.  He,  the  father,  was  born  in  St.  James  parish. 
La.,  and  is  a  son  of  Silver  Landry,  who  married  a  Miss  Reber,  of 
German  descent,  while  he  was  of  French  lineage  and  a  member  of 
an  Arcadian  family  which  early  settled  in  Louisiana.  Ernest  Lan- 
dry was  yet  very  young  when  his  father  died.  He  attended  Cape 
Girardeau  college  (Mo.)  up  to  the  age  of  15  years,  when,  returning 
to  New  Orleans,  he  finally  drifted  into  the  banking  business.  When 
the  Civil  war  came  on  he  enlisted  in  the  Confederate  army  as  a 
member  of  Bridge's  battery  and  served  with  gallantry  throughout 
the  war.  After  the  surrender  he  returned  to  New  Orleans  and  re- 
sumed his  banking  connections,  from  which  he  finally  retired  in 
1900.  His  wife  was  born  at  Donaldsonville,  La.,  and  was  of  French 
lineage.  Arthur  Landry  is  one  of  8  children  born  to  his  parents. 
He  was  reared  in  New  Orleans  and  graduated  from  the  Jesuit  col- 
lege in  1892  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  In  1893  he  received  the  de- 
gree of  A.  M.  from  the  same  institution.  Following  this,  he  en- 
tered the  law  school  of  Tulane  university  and  in  due  time  grad- 
uated from  that  institution  of  learning  with  the  degree  of  LL.B. 
For  several  years  after  obtaining  his  legal  degree  he  was  associated 
in  practice  with  the  firm  of  Louque  &  McGloin,  but  later  began 
practice  alone,  and  has  so  continued  to  this  time,  enjoying  a  lucra- 
tive and  highly  gratifying  clientele.  Mr.  Landry  is  afSliated  with 
the  Catholic  church  and  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus 
and  the  Benevolent  &  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  In  1909  Mr.  Lan- 
dry was  married  to  Miss  Honora  Newman,  a  daughter  of  the  late 
Thomas  Newman  of  New  Orleans.  One  son,  Arthur  Francis,  has 
been  born  to  their  union.  It  should  be  stated  that  during  the  time 
of  the  Spanish-American  war  Mr.  Landry  served  6  months  as  a 
member  of  Battery  A,  La.  light  artillery. 

Lapeyre,  George  F.,  son  of  Jean  Martial  Lapeyre,  a  biographical 
sketch  of  whom  appears  elsewhere  in  this  work,  was  born  at  New 
Orleans,  La.,  Oct.  18,  1864.  He  obtained  the  degree  of  bachelor  of 
arts  at  Spring  Hill  college.  Mobile,  Ala.,  graduating  with  the  class 
of  1882,  and  4  years  later  the  same  degree  was  conferred  upon  the 
young  man  at  Harvard  university.  He  began  the  study  of  law 
at  Harvard,  where  he  attended  2  full  sessions,  but  in  1888,  he  en- 
tered Columbia  college  law  school  in  the  city  of  New  York,  and 
there  obtained  the  degree  of  bachelor  of  laws  in  1889,  and  soon 
thereafter  began  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  New  York  City. 
In  April,  1890,  he  married,  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Miss  Jeanette 
"Waugh,  daughter  of  Arthur  and  Isabelle  (Harris)  "Waugh,  of  that 
city.  Upon  his  return  from  an  extended  wedding  trip  through 
Europe,  Mr.  Lapeyre  returned  to  his  old  home  in  New  Orleans, 
where  he  began  tlie  practice  of  law,  limiting  his  efforts  almost  ex- 
clusively to  consulting  and  advisory  work.  Large  demands  upon 
his  time  are  made  by  the  administration  and  management  of  the 
varied  property  interests  of  several  members  of  his  immediate  fam- 
ily and  his  own.     Mr.  Lapeyre  has  travelled  extensively  in  almost 


2H  LOUISIANA 

every  country  upon  the  globe,  traveling  constituting  his  one  hobby. 
He  has  never  aspired  to  elective  or  appointive  office,  or  political 
honors  of  any  description,  having  neither  time  nor  inclination  for 
these,  but  is  always  found  ready  and  willing  to  give  of  both  his 
time  and  means  and  lend  his  earnest  personal  cooperation  in  sup- 
port of  measures  for  the  public  or  common  welfare. 

Lapeyre,  James  Martial,  well-known  New  Orleans  attorney,  was 
born  in  New  Orleans,  La.,  Oct.  28,  1868,  and  is  a  son  of  Jean  Mar- 
tial Lapeyre,  concerning  whom  a  biographical  sketch  appears  else- 
where in  this  work,  and  which  the  reader  should  examine.  James 
Martial  Lapeyre,  the  son,  subject  of  this  sketch,  graduated  from 
Spring  Hill  college,  Mobile,  Ala.,  in  1886,  following  which  he  com- 
pleted a  course  in  civil  engineering  at  the  Eensselaer  polytechnic 
institute.  For  some  time  after  having  taken  his  engineering  de- 
gree, Mr.  Lapeyre  was  engaged  in  business  as  a  contracting  civil 
engineer,  but  after  considerable  practical  experience  in  this  line  of 
endeavor  he  became  convinced  that  such  a  pursuit  could  not  satisfy 
his  requirements  as  a  profes.sion,  and  therefore  the  civil  engineer 
became  a  student  in  the  law  school  of  Tulane  university,  from  which 
institution  he  obtained  his  legal  degree  in  1901.  Shortly  thereafter 
he  established  himself  in  offices  at  New  Orleans,  where  he  has  since 
devoted  his  abilities  to  the  practice  of  his  profession.  In  1893  Mr. 
Lapeyre  was  married  to  Miss  Louise  Minor,  a  daughter  of  Frank 
0.  ]\Iinor,  of  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Lapeyre  is  a  member,  respectively, 
of  the  Boston  club,  the  new  Century  club,  and  the  Chess,  Checkers 
and  Whist  club  of  New  Orleans. 

Lapeyre,  Jean  Martial,  New  Orleans,  La.,  was  prominently  iden- 
tified with  Southern  finances  for  many  years.  He  was  born  at  As- 
cain,  in  the  southern  part  of  France,  July  5,  1801,  and  died  at  Pau, 
France,  Aug.  30,  1871.  Mr.  Lapeyre  came  of  one  of  the  oldest  and 
most  prominent  of  French  families,  and  was  afforded  every  possible 
educational  advantage.  As  a  result  of  this,  coupled  with  his  natural 
tastes  and  studious  habits,  he  was  a  man  of  great  scholarly  attain- 
ments, particularly  in  the  field  of  the  linguist,  for  which  he  mani- 
fested the  greatest  liking.  He  spoke  several  languages  with  the 
utmost  fluency  and  grace,  and  so  marked  was  his  inclination  in  this 
direction  that  he  early  became  a  teacher  of  languages  and  it  was 
though  for  a  time  the  young  man  intended  to  devote  his  life  to  this 
branch  of  learning.  However,  through  some  reason  not  definitely 
known,  perhaps  an  inclination  for  foreign  travel  and  investigation, 
he  turned  away  from  what  had  previously  appeared  as  his  life- 
profession,  and  Ijecame  private  secretary  to  an  English  nobleman. 
For  some  years  following  this  change,  he  resided  chiefly  in  England, 
but  later  made  a  tour  of  the  West  Indies,  in  which  a  considerable 
time  was  spent.  Wlien  his  investigation  of  the  islands  had  been 
completed,  he  came  to  America  and  finally,  in  the  year  1835,  located 
at  New  Orleans.  From  the  first  it  was  evident  that  the  new  country 
appealed  powerfully  to  his  ideals  and  had  taken  strong  hold  upon 
his  fancy.  Shortly  following  his  location  at  the  soutlicrn  metrop- 
olis, he  engaged  in  business  as  a  broker  in  stocks  and  lionds,  and 
at  once  met  with  flattering  success,  that  brought  him  into  prom- 
inence in  financial  and  business  circles  and  caused  many  to  seek 


BIOGRAPHICAL  245 

his  advice  and  association.  He  became  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
private  banking  house  of  Pike,  Lapeyre  &  Brother,  which  after- 
ward played  so  prominent  a  part  in  the  financial  history  of  the 
South.  He  was  long  connected  with  this  institution,  which  pros- 
pered, expanded,  and  grew  in  importance  and  influence  throughout 
the  history  of  his  association  with  it.  He  became  president  of  the 
Louisiana  State  bank  in  1855,  and  occupied  that  position  until  1866, 
when  his  connection  with  Pike,  Lapeyre  &  Bro.  demanding  his  un- 
divided time  and  attention,  he  resigned.  In  accepting  his  resigna- 
tion, the  bank's  board  of  directors,  wishing  to  testify  to  his  past 
valuable  services  to  the  bank,  tendered  him  a  directorship  in  the 
institution  for  as  long  as  he  cared  to  retain  it.  For  a  time  he  was 
also  interested  in  the  Pontchartrain  R.  R.,  being  one  of  the  pro- 
moters of  that  pioneer  enterprise,  and  served  as  president  of  the 
company,  which,  like  other  business  organizations  with  which  his 
name  became  associated,  was  successful  throughout  the  period  of 
his  administration.  His  genius  for  finance,  and  for  the  mastery  of 
details  of  management  was  unusuaj.  in  that  time,  and  from  a  small 
beginning  he  rapidly  progressed  to  a  position  of  commanding  emi- 
nence in  the  financial  and  industrial  afifairs  of  the  South,  through- 
out which  he  became  known  as  an  able  and  sagacious  financier  and 
a  man  of  the  strictest  ideals  of  integrity  and  personal  honor.  He 
manifested  the  utmost  punctiliousness  in  keeping  all  engagements 
and  meeting  all  appointments,  even  though  these  at  times  might 
appear  trivial  to  others,  and  required  that  his  subordinates  should 
have  a  corresponding  regard  for  their  time  and  that  of  others,  as 
well  as  a  due  sense  of  appreciation  of  their  obligations.  Interwoven 
with  these  sterling  attributes  of  character  that  brought  him  well- 
merited  success  and  honor,  was  a  rare  spirit  of  human  kindliness 
and  toleration  for  the  shortcomings  of  others  and  a  hand  whose 
benevolences  extended  to  all  in  need.  During  the  long  term  of  his 
residence  at  New  Orleans,  he  not  only  accomplished  many  things 
that  to  others  were  difficult,  but  made  the  way  easier  for  others  to 
follow,  while  always  being  in  the  foremost  rank  of  any  movement 
for  the  relief  of  distress  or  the  advancement  of  any  worthy  or  char- 
itable cause.  While  enthusiastic  in  the  support  of  those  he  deemed 
worthy,  he  never  sought  public  office  or  political  lionors,  which 
doubtless  could  have  been  his,  merely  by  their  acceptance.  His 
conscientious  regard  for  the  varied  interests  having  claim  upon 
him  at  length  undermined  what  was  formerly  a  robust  constitution, 
and  as  his  health  began  to  fail,  physicians  advised  that  he  retire 
from  business.  P^inally  yielding  to  this  admonition,  he  severed  all 
business  relations  and  returned  to  his  native  land  in  search  of 
proper  treatment,  but  the  tax  upon  his  vitality  had  been  too  great 
and  long-continued,  and  his  physical  infirmities  rapidly  increased, 
resulting  in  his  death  shortly  following  his  retirement  from  busi- 
ness. ]\rr.  Lapeyre 's  social  and  home-loving  qiialities  were  largely 
developed.  He  had  a  host  of  the  most  loyal  of  friends,  and  his 
happiest  hours  were  those  passed  in  the  circle  of  his  own  fireside, 
where  he  was  revered  and  loved  as  the  sympathetic  and  dependable 
head  of  a  family  remarkable  for  its  fealty  to  ideals  of  the  most  un- 
selfish devotion.    Mr.  Lapeyre  was  married  to  Miss  Angeline  Aveg- 


246  LOUISIANA 

no,  a  daughter  of  one  of  the  oldest  and  most  prominent  families  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  their  wedding  took  place,  the  par- 
ents being  Philippe  Avegno  and  Catherine  Genois.  Mrs.  Lapeyre  was 
born  in  the  city  in  which  her  marriage  was  solemnized.  She  sur- 
vived her  husband  several  years,  her  death  occurring  in  the  year 
1884.  Thirteen  children  were  born  to  their  union,  of  whom  the 
following  survive  at  this  time :  George  F.,  elsewhere  referred  to 
in  this  work,  which  see ;  James  Martial,  likewise  mentioned  at  length 
in  this  volume;  Corinne,  widow  of  the  late  Charles  W.  Miltenber- 
ger ;  Louise,  who  became  the  wife  of  the  late  F.  J.  Gasquet,  died  in 
November  of  the  year  1913. 

Larose,  J.  Browne,  M.  D.,  was  born  in  St.  Gabriel,  La.,  July  12, 
1886 ;  son  of  James  0.  and  Adele  (Dupuy)  Larose,  the  father  hav- 
ing been  born  in  New  Orleans,  where  he  died  aged  72  years,  in  1907. 
The  mother  was  born  in  St.  Gabriel,  La.,  and  is  living  in  New  Or- 
leans at  this  time.  Her  father,  Joseph  Gideon  Dupuy,  was  also  born 
in  St.  Gabriel,  in  1785,  where  he  continued  to  reside  throughout  his 
life.  He  was  a  sugar  planter,  a  large  slave  owner  and  a  veteran  of 
the  war  of  1812.  His  father,  great-great-grandfather  of  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  was  a  French-Canadian,  and  came  with  a  colony 
from  Canada  to  Louisiana  in  the  early  part  of  the  19th  century. 
Her  mother,  Telcide  Babin,  was  born  in  St.  Gabriel  in  1807,  and 
died  there  in  1898.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Jacques  Larose  Mi- 
mard,  was  born  in  Rouen,  France,  in  1793,  and  came  to  America 
while  a  young  man.  Immediately  following  his  arrival  in  this  coun- 
try, he  located  in  New  Orleans,  and  resided  in  that  city  until  his 
death  in  1846.  He  married  Marie  Louise  Giraud,  who  was  born 
in  Plaquemines  parish.  La.,  in  1805,  and  died  in  New  Orleans  in 
1871.  He  owned  and  operated  a  line  of  vessels  plying  between  New 
Orleans  and  Vera  Cruz,  then  being  chiefly  employed  in  the  trans- 
portation of  fruit.  James  0.  Larose  was  a  merchant  of  New  Or- 
leans, and  had  retired  from  business  some  time  previous  to  his 
death.  He  served  2  years  in  the  Confederate  army,  as  did  four  of 
his  brothers,  and  his  wife's  only  brother,  who  lost  his  life  in  the 
service  of  the  Confederacy.  He  was  a  volunteer  in  the  8th  regiment 
of  the  Louisiana  reserves.  Company  B,  under  his  brother,  Capt. 
Augustin  Larose.  In  the  latter  part  of  his  service,  he  was  a  recruit- 
ing sergeant  and  conveyed  recruits  to  the  army  at  Gordonville,  Va. 
He  was  honorably  discharged  on  account  of  illness.  Dr.  Larose  has 
3  living  brothers  and  1  sister.  The  sister  is  married  to  John  A.  Wag- 
ner, a  merchant  of  New  Orleans,  and  is  the  mother  of  4  children. 
Louis  G.  Larose,  the  eldest  brother,  married  Ludivine  Badeaux. 
Alfred  A.  Larose  married  Noelie  Larguier  and  has  3  children.  J. 
Henry  Larose  married  Margaret  Macheca,  and  has  3  children.  The 
brothers  are  engaged  in  commercial  puruits.  J.  Browne  Larose 
was  educated  at  the  College  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  from 
which  lie  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  in  1906.  He  then  en- 
tered tlie  medical  department  of  Tulane  university,  and  graduated 
in  1911  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.,  having  in  the  meantime  served 
2  years  as  interne  in  the  New  Orleans  charity  hospital,  to  which 
he  was  appointed  through  competitive  examination.  Following  his 
graduation,  he  was  appointed  resident  house  physician  at  the  Hotel 


BIOGRAPHICAL  247 

Dieu  hospital,  serving  in  that  connection  about  1  year ;  since  that 
time,  he  has  been  engaged  in  general  practice  in  the  city.  At  this 
time.  Dr.  Larose  is  a  specialist  in  the  treatment  of  diseases  of  the 
eye, 'and  is  associated  with  Dr.  Theodore  J.  Dimitry,  M.  D.  It 
should  be  stated  here,  too,  that  young  Larose  was  honored  with  the 
position  of  valedictorian  of  his  class  at  the  time  of  his  graduation 
from  the  College  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  and  that  while  at 
Tulane  university,  he  occupied  the  post  of  student  demonstrator  in 
histology  and  anatomy.  Dr.  Larose  is  now  visiting  surgeon  at  the 
New  Orleans  charity  hospital.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Orleans  par- 
ish, Louisiana  State,  and  Americal  Medical  associations;  also,  Phi 
Beta  Pi  Medical  fraternity.  He  affiliates  with  the  Roman  Catholic 
church.  Dr.  Larose 's  offices  occupy  729  Maison  Blanche  building. 
New  Orleans. 

Lawrason,  Samuel  McCutchon,  successful  lawyer,  jurist,  and  fi- 
nancier, of  St.  Francisville,  West  Feliciana  parish.  La.,  was  born  in 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  July  31,  1852 ;  son  of  George  C.  and  Zeha 
(McCutchon)    Lawrason.     The  father  was   a  native  of  the   State 
of  Virginia,  born  at  Alexandria,  that  state,  and  when  a  young  man 
of  fair  education,  came  to  New  Orleans,  where  he  became  a  suc- 
cessful merchant,  broker,  and  prominent  citizen.     During  Pres.  Fil- 
more's  administration  he  served   as  collector  of  the  port  of  New 
Orleans.     He  was  of  Englisli  and  Irish  lineage,  and  came  of  an  old 
and  highly-esteemed  Virginia  family.     He  married,  in  Louisiana, 
Miss  Zelia  McCutchon,  and  2  sons  were  born  to  their  union,  the 
eldest  of  these  being  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  the  younger 
being  Dr.  George  B.  Lawrason,  of  Shreveport,  La.    The  mother  was 
of  Scotch-Irish  descent.     Just  prior  to  the  coming-on  of  the  Civil 
war,  the  father  and  mother,  with  their  2  sons,  went  to  Europe,  but 
when  the  war  began,  the  father  returned  to  New  Orleans,  leaving 
the  wife  and  sons  in  Europe.    At  New  Orleans,  during  the  war,  he 
was  a  member  of  the  committee  of  pulilic  safety,  and  wlien  the 
city  fell  into  the  hands  of  Gen.  Butler,  the  father  was  made  a  pris- 
oner of  war  by  Butler  and  held  as  such  during  more  than  a  year, 
being  confined  at  Ship  Island  and  Fort  Pickens.     He  died  at  New 
Orleans,  in  1874,  at  the  age  of  57  years.    He  was  a  modest  and  re- 
tiring man,  unostentatious,  plain  and  unassuming,  and  rarely  talked 
of  himself,  possessing  none  of  the  attributes  of  an  "ego."    It  was 
in  1858  that  he  went  with  his  family  to  Europe,  returning  plone  at 
the  beginning  of  hostilities.     The  wife  and  sons  spent  6  years  in 
France,  and  1  year  in  Spain,  and  during  their  sojourn  in  the  latter 
country  the  wife  died,  and  was  buried  at  Barcelona,  Spain,  her 
death  occurring  in  1865,  when  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  about 
13  years  of  age.     He  had  been  given  splendid  educatioual  advan- 
tages in  both  France  and  Spain,  but  to  brush  up  in  English,  he  went 
to  the  Isle  of  Jersey,  and  afterward  returned  to  his  native  land  late 
in  the  year  of  1865.     After  the  return  to  America  the  young  man 
matriciilated  at  Virginia  Military  institute,  Lexington,  Va.,  from 
which  he  graduated,  in  1872,  receiving  the  degree  of  C.  E.    In  1874 
he  graduated  in  law  from  the  old  Louisiana  university  (now  Tulane 
university  of  Louisiana),  and  at  once  entered  upon  the  practice 
of  law  at  the  city  of  New  Orleans.    In  March  of  1875  he  married 


248  LOUISIANA 

Miss  Harriet  Matthews,  of  West  Feliciana  parish,  La.,  and  at  that 
time  located  at  St.  Franeisville,  where  he  has  since  resided.  Mrs. 
Lawrason  is  a  granddaughter  of  the  distinguish  jurist,  George 
Matthews,  who  was  the  first  presiding  justice  of  the  Louisiana  su- 
preme court.  Eight  children  have  lieen  born  to  Judge  and  j\Irs. 
Lawrason,  and  they  have  7  grand  children.  Under  the  old  system 
of  parish  judges.  Judge  Lawrason  was  twice  elected  judge  of  the 
court  of  West  Feliciana  parish,  and  was  incumbent  of  this  position 
when  the  office  was  abolished  by  state  constitution  of  1879.  Judge 
Lawrason 's  professional  career  has  brought  him  into  a  position  of 
eminent  success  and  prominence  as  a  lawyer.  He  has  been  con- 
nected with  much  of  the  important  litigation  in  his  own  and  ad- 
joining parishes,  and  before  the  Louisiana  supreme  court.  He  is  an 
active  member  of  both  the  Louisiana  State  Bar  and  the  American 
Bar  associations.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Democratic  party,  and 
since  first  beginning  to  exercise  the  right  of  the  elective  franchise 
has  been  a  potent  force  in  upholding  the  principles  for  which  his 
party  contends.  In  1894  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Louisiana 
state  senate,  and  discharged  the  duties  of  the  office  with  conspic- 
uous ability  and  credit  to  his  constituents.  He  was  a  member,  and 
served  as  vice-president,  of  the  Louisiana  State  Constitutional  con- 
vention of  1898,  and  in  this  capacity,  as  in  all  other  commissions 
entrusted  to  him,  acquitted  himself  with  distinguished  honor.  To 
the  cause  of  education  he  has  rendered  invaluable  service.  For  10 
years  or  more  he  was  a  member  of  the  parish  school  board,  and  for 
6  years  was  a  member  of  the  state  board  of  education,  representing 
the  sixth  district.  Aside  from  these  commissions,  however,  he  has 
rendered  his  greatest  service  to  education  as  a  member  of  the  board 
of  supervisors  of  Louisiana  state  imiversity,  on  which  board  he  has 
served  continually  for  more  than  25  years,  throughout  which  un- 
usual period  of  service  he  has  at  all  times  sought  the  best  interests 
of  the  institution  and  of  the  people  who  support  and  patronize  it. 
He  lias  been  largely  instrumental  in  securing  legislative  appropria- 
tions that  have  from  time  to  time  made  possible  the  greater  effi- 
ciency of  the  university.  Judge  Lawrason  is  a  financier,  too,  of 
extended  experience  and  ability.  Upon  the  organization  of  the 
Bank  of  West  Feliciana,  in  1895,  he  was  made  president,  and  in 
1904  was  chosen  president  of  the  Louisiana  State  Bankers'  associa- 
tion. Judge  Lawrason  is  a  man  of  modest  and  retiring  manner,  and 
bears  the  reputation,  among  the  people  with  whom  he  fcomes  in 
daily  contact,  of  being  a  man  of  unquestioned  integrity  and  the 
highest  ideals  of  personal  honor.  He  is  deservingly  a  popular  and 
esteemed  citizen. 

Lea,  Allen  C,  postmaster  of  Shreveport,  La.,  is  one  of  the  best- 
known  men  in  business,  political  and  social  life  in  the  northern  sec- 
tion of  the  state.  Born  Aug.  8,  1876,  in  McNairy  county,  Tenn.,  and 
reared  in  his  native  locality,  he  received  a  primary  and  grammar 
school  education  at  home ;  then  entered  the  southern  Tennessee  nor- 
mal school,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1895.  Continuing  his  stud- 
ies, Mr.  Lea  matriculated  in  the  law  department  of  Cmuherland  uni- 
vesity,  at  Lebanon,  Tenn.,  and  in  1897  was  awarded  his  diploma. 
The  same  year  of  his  graduation  as  a  lawyer  was  marked  by  Ids 


BIOGRAPHICAL  249 

election,  at  the  age  of  21,  as  the  mayor  of  Selmer,  Tenn.,  a  public 
trust  which  he  ably  filled  during  2  years.  In  1899  Mr.  Lea  was  ap- 
pointed postmaster  of  Selmer,  serving  in  that  official  capacity  to 
the  year  1902,  when  he  was  appointed  office  deputy  United  States 
marshal,  and  to  fill  this  position,  he  removed  to  Memphis,  Tenn. 
The  following  year  he  came  to  Shreveport,  La.,  as  chief  deputy. 
United  States  marshal,  which  position  he  held  about  6  years,  and  in 
1910  he  was  appointed  United  States  marshal  for  the  western  dis- 
trict of  Louisiana,  which  position  he  resigned  in  Dec,  1910,  to  ac- 
cept the  place  of  postmaster  of  Shreveport.  Mr.  Lea  is  a  member  of 
the  Shreveport  Chamber  of  Commerce,  of  the  Genevieve  Orphanage 
board,  and  member  of  the  Shreveport  golf  and  country  club. 

Le  Beau,  Vic,  ^iresident,  director  and  manager  of  the  De  Soto 
hotel,  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Feb.  21,  1861,  a  descendant  of  a 
prominent  French  family  of  that  city.  He  was  reared  and  edu- 
cated at  home,  but  at  the  completion  of  his  college  course,  Mr.  Le 
Beau  supplemented  it  with  several  years  of  extensive  travel,  visiting 
many  of  the  larger  cities  of  the  country.  In  a  business  way,  he  is 
connected  with  several  large  enterprises  in  New  Orleans,  among 
which  are  some  of  the  leading  hotels  and  restaurants  of  the  city. 
He  is  at  this  time  vice-president  of  the  Dixie  Brewing  Co.,  which 
he  helped  to  launch  into  business  life,  at  one  time  acting  as  its 
president,  and  is  one  of  the  largest  stockholders  in  the  concern. 
He  was  also  president  of  the  Cosmopolitan  Hotel  Co.,  for  more  than 
•two  years.  The  splendid  Hotel  De  Soto,  of  which  Mr.  Le  Beau 
is  now  president  and  manager,  was  erected  in  1907,  and  is  one  of 
the  most  modern  and  up-to-date  hostelries  of  its  kind  in  the  South. 
He  is  the  organizer  of  the  Young  Men's  Gymnastic  club,  in  which 
he  takes  a  lively  interest,  and  of  which  he  is  now  vice-president.- 
He  is  also  a  charter  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks,  -of  New  Orleans.  Mr.  Le  Beau  is  a  representative  citizen, 
taking  a  deep  interest  in  the  welfare  of  his  community,  and  is 
greatly  esteemed  for  his  excellent  business  qualifications,  executive 
ability,  and  his  courteous  and  genial  nature. 

Ledbetter,  Benjamin  Alfred,  M.  D.,  one  of  the  prominent  physi- 
cians of  New  Orleans,  was  born  in  Claiborne  parish.  La.,  Sept.  15, 
1868,  and  is  the  son  of  Benjamin  Thomas  and  Mary  (Vanderhurst) 
Ledbetter.  The  father,  a  prominent  citizen  of  Claiborne  parish, 
was  born  in  1833,  at  Rome,  Ga.,  and  with  his  father,  the  grandfather 
of  Benjamin  Alfred,  moved  to  Scott  county,  IMiss.,  while  yet  a  boy. 
He  was  educated  at  the  University  of  Virginia,  from  which  he  grad- 
uated with  the  degree  of  A.  B.  He  served  during  the  4  years  of 
the  Civil  war,  enlisting  at  the  outbreak  in  1861  under  Gen.  Forest, 
and  became  in  succession  lieutenant  and  captain.  After  the  war  he 
was  one  of  the  pioneers  of  Claiborne  parish.  He  built  the  public 
school  at  Summerfield,  which  is  yet  standing;  he  also  erected  the 
Baptist  church  there.  Although  active  in  local  and  state  politics, 
he  refused  public  office  until  after  Cleveland's  election,  when  he  was 
appointed  United  States  surveyor  general,  the  second  in  importance 
in  the  government  service,  and  for  which  he  was  notably  qualified. 
He  had  served  only  a  few  months,  however,  when  he  died  in  New 
Orleans,  in  1887.   'Although  on  many  occasions  asked  to  run  for 


250  LOUISIANA 

Congress,  he  had  invariably  refused,  declining  in  favor  of  his 
friends.  He  was  a  warm  friend  of  Sen.  Randall  Lee  Gibson.  In 
addition  to  being  a  pioneer  in  the  field  of  education  in  his  com- 
munity, he  served  as  general  superintendent  of  schools  for  his 
parish.  He  not  only  built  schools  out  of  his  personal  funds,  but  lie 
even  paid  the  teachers  out  of  his  own  pocket.  His  wife,  who  is  still 
living  at  Homer,  La.,  is  a  native  of  Scott  county,  Miss.,  born  in  1834. 
The  issue  of  this  union  was  8  children,  namely :  Mrs.  Emma  Talbot 
of  Bernice,  La. ;  W.  M.,  one  of  the  pioneer  planters  of  North  Louisi- 
ana ;  Sirs.  Alma  Kerlin,  of  Homer,  La. ;  Mrs.  Rhoda  Knighton,  of 
Homer,  La. ;  Benjamin  A.,  Mrs.  Theresa  Martin,  of  Homer,  La. ; 
Douglas  S.,  of  Goldendale,  Wash. ;  and  Black,  partner  of  Douglas 
S.  Benjamin  A.  Ledbetter  was  educated  in  the  schools  of  North 
Louisiana,  in  Keatchie,  in  De  Soto  parish,  and  Tulane  university, 
graduating  from  the  latter  named  school  with  the  degree  of  M.  D., 
in  1891.  He  was  employed,  previous  to  his  graduation,  as  draughts- 
man in  the  office  of  the  United  States  surveyor  general,  holding  this 
position  for  8  years,  under  both  democratic  and  republican  admin- 
istrations. Like  his  father,  he  has  always  been  a  democrat.  After 
graduation,  he  immediately  took  up  the  practice  of  medicine  at  New 
Orleans,  where  he  has  been  located  ever  since.  His  marriage  to 
Amie  Seawell,  of  New  Orleans,  the  daughter  of  B.  W.  and  Victoria 
(Isaacson)  Seawell,  was  celebrated  Oct.  29,  1897.  Mrs.  Ledbetter 
was  well-known  as  a  talented  vocalist,  and  is  a  woman  of  rare  ac- 
complishments and  agreeable  personality.  Five  children  were  born 
to  them:  Karl,  Gretchen,  Ben  and  Walter  (twins),  and  Victor.  B. 
W.  Seawell  was  the  confidential  and  general  manager  of  the  E.  J. 
Hart  &  Co.  wholesale  drug  house.  Mrs.  Seawell's  brother,  Harry, 
has  been  captain  of  Rex,  and  held  an  important  position  in  the  local 
sub-treasury.  Alfred  Isaacson,  another  of  Mrs.  Seawell's  brothers, 
held  the  position  of  comptroller  of  New  Orleans  under  the  commis- 
sion government  first  adopted  many  years  ago.  Dr.  Ledbetter  has 
been  a  member  of  the  Orleans  parish  medical  society  since  his  grad- 
uation at  Tulane  and  has  been  its  president  twice.  This  society, 
during  his  membership,  erected,  a  new  $30,000  home.  In  1912  he 
was  president  of  the  Louisiana  State  Medical  society,  of  wliich  also 
he  has  been  a  member  since  graduation,  and  he  also  belongs  to  the 
American  and  Southern  medical  associations.  Gov.  Sanders  ap- 
pointed him  a  member  of  the  Louisiana  state  board  of  health,  a  po- 
sition he  now  holds  under  Gov.  Hall. 

Legendre,  Joseph  Amilcar,  well-known  New  Orleans  pharmacist 
and  proprietor  of  one  of  that  city's  popular  drug  hoiises,  is  a  son 
of  Joseph  and  Celestine  (Riviere)  Legendre,  and  was  born  Feb.  18, 
1866,  at  the  town  of  Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish.  La.,  where  his 
father,  who  was  also  born  in  that  locality,  was  in  mercantile  busi- 
ness until  the  time  of  his  death,  in  1879.  The  father  was  born  in 
1828.  The  mother  was  born  in  the  same  locality  as  were  the  hus- 
band and  son,  in  the  year  1830.  The  marriage  of  the  parents  took 
place  in  1849.  Of  children  born  to  their  union,  eight  lived  to  ma- 
turity, viz. :  Octave,  now  deceased ;  Josephine,  widow  of  E.  N. 
Braud ;  Emile  J.,  now  living  at  Thibodaux ;  Oscar  J.,  deceased ; 
Louisiana,  now  Mrs.  P.  L.  Brand;  Phillip  F.,  living  at  Thibodaux; 


BIOGRAPHICAL  251 

Joseph  A.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Veronica,  now  Mrs.  Gomez, 
of  New  Orleans.    Joseph  A.  Legendre  attended  school  at  Thibodaux 
college,  and  after  the  completion  of  his  academic  education,  matric- 
ulated in  the  pharmacy    department  of  Tulane    university,    from 
which,  in  due  time,  he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  master  of  phar- 
macy.    When  his  professional  education  had  been  completed,  he 
entered  the  service  of  W.  T.  Cluverius,  on  Canal  street,  and  re- 
mained in  that  position  until  July  1,  1889,  when  he  purchased  a  drug 
business  at  the  corner  of  Dauphine  and  what  is  now  Iberville  street. 
In  1895  he  bought  a  second  drug  store,  at  the  corner  of  Dauphine 
street  and  Lafayette  avenue,  but  in  1902  sold  this  latter  store  and 
purchased  that  "of  Alexander  Finley,  located  at  124  Baronne  street. 
In  1908  he  moved  the  first  store  to  the  corner  of  Carrollton  avenue 
and  Jeanette  street,  and  finally  sold  this  store  in  Dec.,  1912  leaving 
him,  since  that  date,  with  the  one  store,  at  124  Baronne  street.    Mr. 
Legendre  is  a  member  of  the  New  Orleans  Association  of  Commerce, 
the  American  Pharmaceutical,  Louisiana  State  Pharmaceutical  and 
the  Orleans  Pharmaceutical  associations ;  also  of  the  Chess,  Check- 
ers and  Whist  club,  the  Knights  of  Columbus,  some  carnival  organ- 
izations, and  other  fraternal  association.     Nov.  25,  1895,  Mr.  Le- 
gendre was  married  to  Miss  Louise  Marie  LeGendre,  a  daughter 
of  Pierre  H.  LeGendre,  of  New  Orleans.     One  son,  Marion  Joseph 
Legendre,  has  been  born  to  them. 

Leonhardt,  Alexander  F.,  merchant  and  postmaster  at  New  Or- 
leans, was  born  in  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  Dec.  3,  1860,  of  German  parentage. 
His  father,  Ernest  W.  Leonhardt,  came  to  this  country  from  Ger- 
many in  1834,  and  died  in  St.  Louis  in  1896,  at  the  age  of  75  years. 
He  was  a  mere  boy  when  he  came  to  America.    In  St.  Louis  he  fol- 
lowed, for  more  than  60  years,  the  business  of  a  tlour  miller,  be- 
coming a  prominent  miller  of  St.  Louis.     His  wife,  and  the  mother 
of  the  sub.iect  of  this  personal  sketch,  bore  the  maiden  naine  of 
Frederica  Odendahl,  and  was  born  in  Germany.     In  St.  Louis  Mr. 
Leonhardt  was  reared,  and  in  the  parochial  and  public  schools  of 
that  city  received  his  education.    He  was  a  high  school  student  in 
1878,  when  he  left  St.  Louis  and  came  to  New  Orleans  to  accept  a 
clerical  position  witli  the  flour  and  grain  commission  firm  of  Glover 
&  Odendahl,  which  firm  was  succeeded  by  Glover  &  Son.    Mr.  Leon- 
hardt remained  with  this  firm  nearly  25  years,  and  then,  1902,  em- 
barked in  the  grain  and  hay  business  on  his  own  account.    In  the 
business  he  has  continued,  the  present  firm  name  being  A.  P.  Leon- 
hardt &  Co.    Mr.  Leonhardt 's  business  career  has  been  marked  with 
success,  and  for  years  he  has  held  a  prominent  place  among  leading 
business  men  of"  New  Orleans.     For  several  years,  Mr.  Leonhardt 
served  as  a  director  of  the  New  Orleans  Board  of  Trade ;  was  sev- 
eral times  vice-president  of  the  board  and  once  president,  declining 
a  re-election  to  the  presidency,  because  of  his  appointment  as  post- 
master of  New  Orleans,  which  appointment  he  did  receive  July  31, 
1911.     He  assumed  his  duties  as  postmaster  Oct.  2,  1911,  and  his 
administration  of  the  office  has  been  distinguished  for  fairness  and 
efficiency.     Mr.  Leonhardt  has  been  twice  married.     In  1884,  Miss 
Mary  Maguire  became  his  first  wife.    She  died,  leaving  him  3  ehil- 


252  LOUISIANA 

dren,  and  in  1909  he  married  Mrs.  Marion  Hill  Dodge  of  Baltimore, 
IMd.    Residence,  3405  St.  Oharles  avenue,  New  Orleans. 

Leucht,  I.  L.,  well-known  Rabbi  of  New  Orleans,  was  born  at 
Darmstadt,  capital  of  the  Grand  Duchy  of  Hesse,  Germany,  Jan. 
25,  1844,  son  of  Nehemiah  H.  and  Johanna  (Rosenbaum)  Leucht, 
the  latter  of  whom  was  born  at  Zell,  near  Wiirzburg,  Germany. 
The  mother  was  a  daughter  of  the  noted  Rabbi,  Mendel  Rosenbaum, 
to  whose  great  energy  and  untiring  efforts  in  behalf  of  his  people 
is  ascribed  the  emancipation  of  the  Jews  in  Bavaria.  When  he  had 
his  firi5t  interview  with  King  Ludwig  I,  to  whom  he  represented 
that  on  account  of  the  harshness  of  the  laws  in  their  bearing  upon 
the  Jewish  people  hundreds  and  thousands  of  them  were  immigrat- 
ing to  the  L^nited  States,  the  king  made  the  historic  reply:  "I  am 
not  Pharoah,  to  run  after  them  to  the  sea."  However,  the  Rabbi 
lived  long  enough  to  witness  the  complete  emancipation  of  his  breth- 
ren in  Bavaria.  I.  L.  Leucht  received  his  early  education  in  the 
schools  of  his  native  city,  and  upon  the  completion  of  his  academic 
studies,  entered  the  Rabbinical  school  at  Wiirzburg,  where  he  com- 
pleted the  4-year  course  of  preparation  for  his  life  work.  In  1864 
he  came  to  the  United  States  and  shortly  thereafter  was  installed 
as  assistant  to  Rabbi  Hochheimer  of  the  Eden  Street  synagogue, 
Baltimore,  Md.  July  2,  1868,  he  came  to  New  Orleans,  as  assistant 
to  Rabbi  James  K.  Gutheim,  whose  successor  he  became  6  months 
later.  In  1882  his  congregation  in  Rampart  street  joined  the  Por- 
tuguese synagogue,  called  the  "Dispersed  of  Judah,"  and  Rabbi 
Leucht  was  appointed  to  minister  to  the  united  congregation  wor- 
shipping at  Touro  synagogue,  in  Carondelet  street,  which  had  been 
founded  by  the  noted  philanthropist,  Judah  Toui'o.  Ten  years  later 
Rabbi  Leucht  was  largely  instrumental  in  building  the  splendid 
edifice  in  which  the  congregation  of  Touro  synagogue  is  now  housed 
at  St.  Charles  and  Berlin  streets,  and  where  he  continued  to  preside 
as  Rabbi.  Politically,  he  was  independent,  lending  his  inflixence  and 
activities  to  the  support  of  the  progressive  and  reform  faction  in 
any  movement  for  the  betterment  of  conditions.  In  the  course  of 
his  labors  in  Louisiana,  Rabbi  Leucht  filled  several  important  and 
responsible  public  positions,  having  been  a  member  of  the  state 
school  board  through  2  terms,  president  of  the  prisons  and  asylums 
commission  several  years,  and  president  of  the  Red  Cross  associa- 
tion. Throughout  the  term  of  his  residence  in  New  Orleans,  em- 
bracing a  period  of  about  45  years,  he  was  always  found  ready  to 
give  aid,  encouragement,  and  hearty  cooperation  in  all  charitable 
undertakings  and  to  every  commendable  enterprise,  and  through  his 
beneficent  work  in  this  direction,  as  much  as  by  reason  of  his  pro- 
fessional abilities,  he  grew  into  prominent  recognition  and  esteem 
among  the  people  with  whom  his  lot  was  cast.  He  was  president 
of  the  Kingsley  House  organization,  first  vice-president,  respec- 
tively, of  Touro  infirmary  and  the  Jewish  orphans'  home,  and  of- 
ficially connected  with  many  other  of  the  city's  most  useful  and 
active  organizations.  April  20,  1869,  Rabbi  Leucht  was  married 
to  Miss  i\Iathilde  Kahn,  whose  parents  formerly  resided  at  Paris, 
France.  To  them  were  born  three  children,  namely :  Mrs.  Melvil 
Israel,  Mrs.  Charles  Rosen,  and  Emile  Leucht. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  253 

Note. — Since  the  above  was  written,  Rabbi  Leucht  lias  passed  on 
to  his  eternal  reward.  His  death  caused  real  sorrow  in  very  many 
homes  of  his  adopted  city,  where  he  was  universally  mourned  by  all 
classes  of  citizens. 

Leverich,  Watts  Kearny,  practicing  attorney.  New  Orleans,  was 
born  at  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  La.,  Oct.  13,  1880 ;  son  of  Henry 
and  JIargaret  Priestley  (Richardson)  Leverich,  both  of  whom  were 
born   at   New   Orleans.     The   paternal   grandparents   were  William 
Edward,  a  native  of  Long  Island,  and  Fanny  Hampton  (Inskeep) 
Leverich,  a  native  of  New  York.     The  paternal  grandfather  was 
accompanied  by  a  brother  when  he  came  south.      They  located  at 
New  Orleans  about  1830  (in  the  early  days)  and  continued  to  reside 
there,  where  they  became  business  men  of  varied  interests.     They 
came  of  an  old  American  family,  the  progenitor  of  which  was  a  min- 
ister who  landed  at  Salem  in  1633.    The  Rev.  William  Leverich  was 
a  coteraporary  of  Roger  Williams  and  devoted  his  efforts  largely 
to   missionary  work   among  the   American  Indians.     The  paternal 
grandfather,"joseph  Priestley,  (the  celebrated  scientist   and   discov- 
erer of  oxygen)   was  of  English  ancestry,  but  was  persecuted  and 
driven  from  England,  and  settled  in  Pennsylvania  and  became  a 
Avarm  personal   friend  of  Benjamin    Franklin.     Henry    Leverich, 
father  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  long  connected  with  the 
dry  goods  business  in  New  Orleans.     He  was  first  associated  with 
W.  H.  Letchford  &  Co.,  which  firm  was  later  succeeded  by  A.  Leh- 
man  &   Co.,   Mr.   Leverich   thereafter   becoming   superintendent   of 
the  Bradstreet  offices  at  New  Orleans.    He  died  in  1895,  at  the  age 
of  47  years.    His  wife  survives  at  this  time.    Five  sons  and  2  daugh- 
ters were  born  to  their  union.    Watts  Kearny  Leverich,  the  4th  son, 
was  reared  and  educated  in  New  Orleans,  where  he  attended  the 
public  schools.    Later  he  entered  Prof,  L.  C.  Ferrell's  select  school 
for  boys,  where  he  was  prepared  for  college.     Following  this,  he 
entered  the  academic  department  of  Tulane  university,  from  which 
he  graduated  with  the  degree  of  A.  B.,  iu  the  class  of  1901.   During 
the  succeeding  5  years  he  filled  the  position  of  a  teacher  in  Prof. 
Ferrell's  select  school  for  boys,  after  which  he  returned  to  Tulane 
university  and  graduated  from  the  law  school  of  that  institution 
with  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  the  class  of  1907.    Since  the  latter  date 
Attorney  Leverich  has  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion  at  the   city  of  New  Orleans,   and,  like  most  men  whose  rec- 
ords show  that  they  earned  the  money  with  which  to  pay  their  way 
through  college,  is  surely  building  up  a  substantial  and  dependable 
legal  clientele,  whose  circle  widens  as  the  years  go  by,  being  based 
upon  a  reputation  for  fealty  and  loyalty  to  the  interests  of  those 
represented  and  an  abiding  sense  of  uncompromising  integrity.    Mr. 
Leverich  is  a  member  of  the  Vestry  of  Christ  Episcopal  Cathedral. 
Lewis,  John  C,  ex-mayor,  Franklin,  St.  Mary  parish.  La.,  was 
born   at   Harrisonburg,  Catahoula  parish,  La.,  Nov.   29,   1861;   the 
only  child;  son  of  John  C.  and  Eliza  E.  (Mayo)  Lewis,  the  father's 
life  coming  to  a  tragic  end  when  the  son  was  only  1  year  old.  and 
the  bereaved  mother  dying  1  year  later.     In  regard  to  the  father, 
the  following  article,  written  by   Hon.    Thomas   H.    Lewis    of    Ope- 
lousas,  was  addressed  to  Dr.  T.  F.  Frere  concerning  the  life  of  John 


254  LOUISIANA 

C.  Lewis,  Sr.,  whose  son  is  an  ex-mayor  and  a  beloved  citizen  of 
Franklin.  It  needs  no  introduction ;  the  contents  are  self-explan- 
atory concerning  the  life  of  a  great  man  who  gave  all  in  the  serv- 
ice of  his  country.  It  may  also  be  said,  too,  that  the  son  is  a  wor- 
thy descendant  of  a  noble  sire,  and  inherits  many  of  the  sterling 
qualities  of  his  illustrious  father.  ' '  Opelousas,  La.,  Feb.  17,  1913. 
Dr.  T.  F.  Frere,  Franklin,  La.  My  Dear  Cousin :  I  enclose  here- 
with copies  of  a  sketch  which  I  wrote  during  the  war  concerning 
the  personality  of  my  coiisin  and  foster-brother,  John  C.  Lewis,  the 
father  of  your  John  C.  Lewis.  He  was  killed  in  the  latter  part  of 
the  year  1862,  in  a  skirmish  with  the  Federal  troops,  as  narrated  in 
the  sketch.  He  left  the  town  of  Harrisonburg,  in  Catahoula  parish, 
at  the  beginning  of  the  war,  for  the  army,  being  at  that  time  asso- 
ciated with  me  in  the  practice  of  law.  A  short  time  before  leaving 
Harrisonburg  for  the  front,  he  married  a  Miss  Eliza  Mayo,  Avhose 
father  had  been  judge  of  the  district,  and  who  was  a  member  of  the 
most  prominent  family  residing  in  that  section.  He  never  saw  his 
wife  after  leaving  for  the  army.  His  son  being  born  thereafter, 
father  and  son  never  met.  The  child,  at  its  birth,  was  given  a  dif- 
ferent name,  but  after  his  father's  death  his  name  was  changed  to 
that  of  his  father.  Though  I  had  several  brothers,  John  and  I 
were  closer  to  each  other  than  was  I  and  any  of  my  own  brothers. 
We  slept  together  from  childhood,  and  were  inseparable  compan- 
ions up  to  manhood.  "When  I  settled  in  the  parish  of  Catahoula  to 
practice  law  at  Harrisonburg,  he  followed  me  and  became  associ- 
ated with  me,  because  of  the  strong  bonds  of  affection  between  us. 
I  think  he  was  as  tine  a  specimen  of  physical  manhood  as  I  ever 
saw.  Over  six  feet  in  height,  erect,  of  commanding  bearing,  with 
a  noble  head  and  strong  features,  he  attracted  attention  wherever 
he  went.  During  the  brief  period  that  he  practiced  his  profession 
he  evinced  such  ability  that  it  was  predicted  by  his  brother  mem- 
bers of  the  bar  that  he  wonld  attain  great  prominence  in  his  chosen 
profession.  He  was  high-spirited  and  fearless,  and  warmly  espoused 
tlie  cause  of  the  South.  Among  the  thousands  of  valuable  lives 
which  the  South  offered  up  in  vindication  of  what  our  people  be- 
lieved to  be  a  just  cause,  there  was  no  nobler  sacrifice  offered  upon 
the  altar  of  our  country  than  the  life  which  .John  C.  Lewis  freely 
gave  in  her  defense.  His  surviving  son  has  just  cause  to  cherish 
the  memory  of  his  noble  father.  Very  sincerely  yours,  Thomas  H. 
Lewis,  Sr."  From  the  sketches  to  which  this  letter  refers,  the  fol- 
lowing brief  extracts  are  made:  "Alexandria,  La.,  1862  Killed 
in  battle  near  Denmark,  Tenn.,  on  tlie  1st  of  Sept.,  1862,  John  C. 
Lewis,  aged  27  years  and  11  months.  Tlie  subject  of  this  brief 
notice  met  his  death  in  the  guise  in  which  he  had  often  been  heard 
to  say  that  he  most  coveted — there  was  no  mangling  of  limbs,  no 
lingering  bed  of  suffering;  the  missile  of  death  went  straight  to 
the  seat  of  vitality,  and  the  instant  he  was  struck  his  spirit  fled  to 
his  maker.  Let  us  make  as  fitting  a  tribute  as  we  may  to  the  dead, 
for  his  manly  form,  his  strong  arm,  and  his  courageous  heart,  he 
voluntarily  held  up  as  a  barrier  between  us  and  the  merciless  in- 
vader, and  now,  alas,  he  lies  moldering  in  the  grave — the  grave  of 
the  soldier,  the  patriot,  and  the  hero.    *    *    *    jje  sought  the  front 


BIOGRAPHICAL  255 

of  the  battle,  and  there  he  fell,  within  reach  of  the  enemy,  his  horse 
in  full  career  and  his  sword  uplifted  to  strike  down  the  foe.     Let 
us  respect  his  memory ;  let  us  cherish  the  name  and  deeds  of  the 
brave  man,  the  devoted  patriot  who  fell  prematurely,  striking  to 
hurl  back  the  tide  of  invasion  that  has  marked  its  progress  with  so 
much  of  blood  and  suffering.     With  this  noble  purpose  he  faced 
the  danger  and  exposure  of  warfare  uncomplainingly,  and  when 
the  time  came  he  offered  up  his  life  courageously,  unflinchingly. 
Among  his  fellow  men  he  was  full  of  the  impulses    of    generosity, 
fidelity  and  truth,  and  to  his  relatives  and  friends  he  was  bound 
as  with  hooks  of  steel."     The  following  extracts  are  taken  from  a 
letter  written  by  a  comrade  of  the  deceased,  and  afford  an  eloquent 
and  truthful  tribute  to  his  memory:     "I  saw  on  yesterday,  B.,  1 
of  the  6  men  of  the  Tensas  cavalry  who  were  at  first  reported  to 
have  been  killed  in  the  late  battle  near  Denmark,  Tenn.    Imstead  of 
being  killed,  B.  was  captured  by  the  enemy.     He    was    with    Dr. 
Lithman,  our  surgon,  burying  the  dead  on  the  2nd  of  September, 
the  day  after  the  fight.     They  found  4  of  the  Tensas  cavalry  dead 
on  the  field.     They  were  buried  and  their  graves  marked.     They 
were  Lieut.  Montgomery  and  privates  Lewis,  Briscoe,  and  Swayze. 
Private  John  C.  Lewis  "had  been  struck  by  a  grapeshot  above  the 
right  eye.    His  horse  was  killed  at  the  same  instant,  so  that  horse 
and  rider  fell  dead  together.    In  communicating  to  you  this  melan- 
choly fact,  I  cannot  let  the  occasion  pass  without-  speaking  of  Mr. 
Lewis,  who  was  a  cavalier  without  fear  or  reproach.     Every  man 
who  has  ever  been  in  the  Tensas  cavalry  can  testify  that  his  deport- 
ment on  all  occasions  was  that  of  the  high-toned  gentleman,  the 
devoted  patriot,  and  the  intrepid  soldier.     *    *    *    On  one  occasion 
I  have  in  mind  the  enemy  came  upon  us  unawares — surprised  us 
completely,  and  were  within  thirty  yards  of  us,  opening  fire,  be- 
fore we  were  aware  of  their  presence.     The  officers,  seeing  that  it 
would  be  difficult,  if  not  impossible,  to  form  the  men  in  line  under 
fire,  ordered  a  charge,  but  all  remained  immovable,  no  one  stirring, 
until  John  C.  Lewis,  driving  his  spurs  into  his  horse's  flanks,  and 
dashing  off  at  the  enemy,  cried  out  'Charge  them,  boys!'    His  gal- 
lantry had  the  happiest  effect — it  was  contagious.     The  entire  reg- 
iment charged  with  him,  routed  the  foe  and  drove  him  back,  with 
considerable  loss  to  the  main  body  of  the  Federal  army.     He  was 
regarded  by  his  whole  company  as  one  of  the  best  soldiers  in  the 
Confederate  army.    He  served  for  more  than  a  year,  and  was  never 
absent  from  duty  but  once,  arid  on  that  one  occasion  he  was  eon- 
fined  with  camp  fever.    During  the  period  of  his  sei-vice  he  was  a 
participant  in  twelve  skirmishes  and  two  battles,    and    had     two 
horses  killed  under  him,  one  at  Corinth  and  one  at  Denmark.     He 
fell  within  ten  feet  of  the  cannon's  mouth,  and  the  last  words  he 
was  heard  to  utter  were    'Charge  them,  boys!'      The  South  had  no 
braver  soldier  to  die  in  her  behalf.    T.  H.  L."    Following  the  death 
of  his  mother,  the  two-year-old  son,  John  C.  Lewis,  Jr.,  was  taken 
by  an  uncle,  Spencer  Mayo,  to  Vidalia.  where  he -remained  until 
eight  years  old,  when  he  was  taken  to  Franklin   to    live   with   his 
grandmother,  Mrs.  Mary  H.  Anderson,  formerly  Mrs.  Lewis,  at  her 
sugar  plantation  home  near  Franklin.     This  continued  to  be  the 


256  LOUISIANA 

home  of  the  boy  throughout  the  years  of  his  youth.  He  attended 
private  schools  at  the  town  of  Franklin,  and  later  entered  Louisi- 
ana State  university,  then  under  the  presidency  of  Col.  D.  F.  Boyd, 
where  he  remained  until  the  senior  year.  Returning  to  Franklin 
in  1879,  he  was  for  a  time  overseer  on  the  Anderson  plantation.  In 
1893  he  became  established  in  general  insurance  business  at  Frank- 
lin, and  since  that  time  has  successfully  conducted  that  business, 
under  the  tirm  name  of  J.  C.  Lewis  &  Co.,  Miss  Ella  M.  Johnson,  a 
cousin,  being  tlie  silent  member  of  the  firm.  Mr.  Lewis  affiliated 
with  the  democratic  party.  In  1900  he  was  elected  nmyor  of  the 
city  of  Franklin,  and  for  4  succeeding  terms  has  been  reelected 
without  opposition,  his  incumbency  of  the  office  at  this  time  extend- 
ing over  a  period  of  ten  years.     Mr.  Lewis  is  unmarried. 

The  Lewis  Family. — There  were  many  first  settlers  of  the  Lewis 
family  in  America,  but  it  is  said  that  they  all  originally  came  from 
the  same  Welsh  stock,  showing  their  descent  from  Howell,  Lord  of 
Nannan,  Wales,  wlio  in  turn  descended  from  Cynfyn,  who  died  in 
972,  and  was  prince  of  Po\vys  and  king  of  Wales,  whose  ancestor 
was  Howell  Dha,  king  of  all  Wales,  who  married  Isabel,  daughter 
of  Picot  de  Say,  a  Norman  Baron.  The  southern  Lewis  family — 
the  family  from  which  sprang  the  Lewises  of  Virginia,  is  one  of  the 
largest  American  branches,  and  their  genealogies  begin  with  the 
first  settlement  in  Virginia  of  the  five  distinct  heads  of  the  Lewis 
family:  first,  Robert  Lewis,  a  native  of  Wales,  who  sailed  from 
England  in  1635,  and  settled  in  Gloucester  county,  Va. ;  second, 
Jolm  Lewis,  of  Henrico  county,  whose  name  first  appears  on  the 
records  of  that  county  in  1660;  third,  John  Lewis,  who  settled  in 
Hanover  county,  Va.,  in  1675.  fourth,  Zachary  Lewis,  who  came  to 
Virginia  in  1692  and  obtained  a  grant  of  land  in  King  and  Queen 
county  in  1694;  fifth,  John  Lewis,  born  in  Donegal  county,  Ireland, 
in  1678,  a  grandson  of  William  Lewis,  of  Wales,  married  Margaret, 
the  daughter  of  the  Laird  of  Lynne,  of  Scotland,  and  with  seven 
children  born  in  Ireland,  were  the  first  white  settlers  in  Augusta 
County,  Va.,  in  1732.  They  had  eight  children  who  were  as  fol- 
lows :  Samuel,  Thomas,  Andrew,  Alice,  William,  Margaret,  Anne, 
and  Charles — all  save  Charles  were  born  in  Ireland.  Samuel  was 
a  captain  in  the  French  and  Indian  war,  and  his  brothers,  Andrew, 
William,  and  Charles  fought  under  him.  Andrew  served  as  a 
ma.ior  in  Washington's  Virginia  regiment  prior  to  the  Revolution, 
and  was  with  him  at  Braddock's  defeat  in  1755.  He  was  taken  a 
prisoner  at  Fort  Duquesne,  and  carried  to  Montreal.  Later  he  was 
exchanged.  He  was  witli  the  future  head  of  the  American  nation 
at  tlie  surrender  of  Fort  Necessity,  and  Commanded  the  Sandy 
Creek  expedition  in  1756.  He  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  Bur- 
gesses for  years,  and  a  delegate  to  the  Virginia  convention  in  1775, 
his  statue  occupying  one  of  the  pedestals  surrounding  the  eques- 
trian statue  of  Washington,  in  Riclimond,  Va.  Charles  Lewis  was 
killed  at  the  battle  of  Point  Pleasant,  W.  Va.,  1774.  Joshua  Lewis, 
grandson  of  pioneer  John  Lewis,  known  as  the  first  settler  of  Au- 
gusta county,  Va.,  was  born  in  the  Valley  of  Virginia  in  1772.  and 
married  America  Lawson  in  1797,  a  daughter  of  Gen.  Robert  Law- 
son.     Her  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Sir  John  Pierce.     Gen.  Law- 


Joshua  Lewis,  LL.  D. 


IIa.mi'Den  Lewis,  JI.  D. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  257 

son  was  with  Gen.  Greene  in  his  memorable  southern  campaign,  and 
commanded  the  Virginia  contingent  with  Gen.  Stephens.  Later  he 
was  under  the  immediate  command  of  Lafayette.  His  military  ser- 
vice terminated  at  Yorktown.  Pres.  Thomas  Jelferson,  l)eeause  of 
his  personal  acquaintance  with  the  different  branches  of  the  Lewis 
family,  sent  Meriwether  Lewis,  born  in  177-4,  to  the  Northwest,  and 
Joshua  Lewis  to  New  Orleans.  This  gentleman,  a  lawyer  by  pro- 
fession, and  a  graduate  of  Washington  college,  had  first  located 
at  Richmond,  Va.,  whence  he  had  removed  to  Lexington,  Ky.,  prac- 
ticing his  profession.  He  was  elected  to  the  state  legislature  of 
Kentucky.  Six  children  were  born  to  them  in  Lexington,  Ky.,  as 
follows:  Sidonia  Pierce,  who  married  Peter  Knight  Wagner,  a  cel- 
ebrated journalist,  personal  friend  and  political  advisor  of  Andrew 
Jackson ;  John  Lawson,  sherit¥  of  Orleans  parish,  La.,  mayor  of  the 
city  of  New  Orleans,  and  major  general  of  the  state  militia  at  the 
opening  of  the  Civil  war,  colonel  and  brigadier  general  in  the  Con- 
federate army ;  Theodore,  major  in  the  Mexican  war  of  1847,  and 
served  in  the  Confederate  army ;  Eliza  Cornelia ;  Louisa  Maria,  and 
Alfred  Jefferson.  When  Louisiana  was  purchased  in  1803,  Joshua 
Lewis  was  sent  to  New  Orleans  by  President  Jefferson,  together 
with  Edward  Livingston,  and  James  Brown  to  receive  the  pur- 
chased territory  from  the  French.  In  1806  he  was  appointed  judge 
of  the  superior  court  of  the  Territory  of  Orleans,  and  when  the 
state  was  admitted  into  the  Union,  was  made  judge  of  the  first  judi- 
cial district,  which  position  he  retained,  filling  it  with  distinguished 
ability,  until  his  death  in  1833.  He  served  under  Andrew  Jackson 
in  the  second  war  with  Great  Britain,  and  participated  in  the  night 
attack  on  the  British,  Dec.  23,  1814,  as  the  captain  of  an  organized 
military  company  composed  of  Americans.  His  brother-in-law, 
Columbus  Lawson,  at  the  head  of  a  troup  of  mounted  men,  was  mor- 
tally wounded  at  the  battle  of  New  Orleans.  So  prominent  a  cit- 
izen was  Judge  Lewis  that  at  the  second  election  after  the  admis- 
sion of  Louisiana  to  the  Union,  he  was  placed  in  the  gubernatorial 
field  against  Jacques  Villere,  who  owing  to  the  intense  rivalry  be- 
tween the  Creole  and  American  elements  defeated  him,  by  a  small 
majority.  Upon  his  death  in  1833,  the  members  of  the  bar  desired 
to  erect  a  monument  to  his  memory,  but  his  children  declined  the 
honor,  because  their  father  had  requested  that  he  should  rest  in 
the  same  spot  with  his  wife,  who  had  preceded  him  to  the  grave 
some  3  years,  and  he  was  entombed  with  her  in  the  cemetery  just 
above  Madisonville,  on  the  west  bank  of  the  Tchefuncta  river.  The 
lake  front  of  his  country  seat  in  St.  Tammany  was  then  sold  in  town 
lots,  and  named  Lewisburg,  in  his  honor.  John  Hampden  Lewis, 
B.  A.,  B.  S.,  M.  D.,  A.  M.,  4th  son  and  7th  child  of  tlie  union  of 
Judge  Joshua  Lewis  and  America  Lawson,  was  born  in  New  Or- 
leans, Sept.  14,  1810.  His  twin  brother  was  Algernon  Sidney,  father 
of  the  eminent  physician  and  specialist.  Earnest  Sidney  Lewis. 
John  Hampden  Lewis  as  a  boy  was  a  student,  and  received  an  edu- 
cation befitting  the  rank  and  intelligence  of  his  ancestors,  and 
matriculated  in  Yale  college,  where  he  distinguished  himself  by 
his  strong  mental  power,  and  force  of  character.  He  was  a  leader 
in  the  famous  Conic  section  revolt,  which  prevented  him  from  re- 
III— 17 


258  LOUISIANA 

ceiving  a  degree.  On  the  death  of  liis  mother,  in  1830,  he  left  Yale 
college,  and  in  obedience  to  the  wishes  of  his  father,  decided  to 
study  medicine.  Following  a  winter  course  at  Cincinnati,  he  re- 
turned to  New  Orleans  to  prosecute  his  studies  in  the  Charity  hos- 
pital, and  was  appointed  assistant  surgeon.  In  18.32  he  went  to 
Paris  to  complete  his  studies.  After  spending  18  months  abroad, 
he  returned  to  this  city,  and  graduated  in  the  first  class  from  the 
Louisiana  Medical  college.  In  the  meantime  he  was  in  charge  of  a 
private  infirmary.  He  returned  to  Paris  with  the  view  of  pros- 
ecuting the  study  of  medicine  as  far  as  the  science  of  the  day  would 
permit.  He  could  not  enter  the  Paris  School  of  Medicine,  however, 
without  a  diploma  as  bachelor  of  arts  and  sciences,  so  he  entered 
the  Sarbonne,  received  liis  degrees,  and  then  matriculated  in  the 
medical  school,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1839.  He  then  en- 
tered into  active  practice  in  New  Orleans,  which  was  \iuinterrupted 
except  by  the  Civil  war,  until  he  retired  in  1889.  As  a  physician 
he  was  honored,  as  a  scholar  he  was  admired,  as  a  man  he  was 
esteemed  and  loved,  not  alone  for  his  accomplishments  and  learn- 
ing, but  for  his  nobility  of  character  and  his  thorough  manliness. 
During  the  Civil  war,  Dr.  Lewis  was  surgeon  of  Col.  Skymauski's 
La.  regiment,  which  was  detailed  at  the  quarantine  station  near 
Fort  St.  Philip  and  Fort  Jackson,  on  the  ]\Iississippi  river,  and 
when  Admiral  Parragut  captured  these  forts,  he  was  made  a  pris- 
oner, but  was  shortly  afterwards  paroled.  There  are  4  children 
living  from  the  marriage  of  Dr.  John  Hampden  Lewis  and  his  wife, 
Annie  E.  L.  DeBritton,  nee  Von  Yettendahl,  a  native  of  the  island 
of  St.  Thomas,  viz. :  Sidney  Francis  Lewis,  Wranie  P.  Lewis,  who 
married  Gabriel  Villere,  deceased,  the  grandson  of  Gov.  Jaeciues  Vil- 
lere ;  America  Lawson,  who  married  Benjamin  Joseph  Simms,  and 
Ernestine,  who  married  Edgar  Wliite.  Sidney  Francis  Lewis,  son 
of  Dr.  John  Hampden  Lewis,  and  grandson  of  Judge  Joshua  Lewis, 
is  descended  on  his  father's  side  from  the  Southern  branch  of  the 
Lewis  family,  the  early  settlers  in  Virginia,  all  of  whom  originally 
came  from  the  same  Welsh  stock.  His  mother  was  of  Danish  and 
English  parentage.  He  was  born  in  New  Orleans,  Jan.  28,  1854. 
He  first  attended  school,  at  the  opening  of  the  Civil  war,  at  Mrs. 
Vatinel's,  a  Frencli  school  .still  in  existence  on  South  Esplanade 
avenue,  near  Chartres  street.  At  the  age  of  10  he  entered  the 
'higher  class  of  the  public  grammar  school,  on  St.  Philip  street, 
and  was  graduated,  at  the  age  of  15,  at  the  boy's  high  school  in  1869, 
with  distinction.  At  times,  he  had  private  instructors  Edward 
Rapier,  Dr.  John  I.  Meylor,  and  Ulric  Bettison,  all  prominent  edu- 
cators. In  the  fall  of  1870  he  matriculated  at  the  University  of 
Virginia,  one  of  the  youngest  students  who  ever  entered  the  por- 
tals of  this  famous  institution.  He  was  taken  desperately  ill  in 
June,  1874,  after  his  final  examination  in  astronomy,  in  the  Nat- 
ural Science  course.  He  was  given  up  by  4  eminent  physicians  of 
the  university,  and  Charlottesville.  On  the  second  day  of  his  ill- 
ness his  father  was  telegraphed  that  his  son  could  not  possibly  live, 
whereupon  his  father  immediately  left  for  Charlottesville,  and 
after  3  months  of  ceaseless  nursing  and  care,  his  father  saved  his 
life,  but  he  was  a  living  skeleton  on  crutches  for  many  months 


Sidney  F.  Lewis 


BIOGRAPHICAL  259 

afterward.    The  faculty  of  the  university  voted  him  the  permission 
to  return  and  take  the  last  of  his  examinations  when  his  health 
would   permit.     lie  returned   in   ilay,   1875,   and  passed   the   final 
examination  on  applied  chemistry,  under  Dr.  J.  W.   jMallet,   and 
received  his  titled  degree,  dated  in  his  honor  June,  1874,  having 
received  diplomas  in  all  the  branches  of  the  prescribed  course  of 
Science  and  Engineering,  as  well  as  certificates  of  distinction  in 
Latin,   Greek,   German,   and  French.     Returning  to   New   Orleans 
during  the  final  troubles  of  the  Reconstruction  period,  he  prac- 
ticed his  chosen  profession  under  difficulties.     In  1877,  when  the 
Democratic  party   overthrew   the   "Carpet-Bag"   government,    and 
Gen.  Francis  T.  Nichols  became  governor  of  the  state,  he  was  em- 
ployed as  draftsman  and  assistant  engineer  in  the  state' engineer- 
ing  department.     He   was   appointed   assistant   state   engineer   in 
1880,  by  Gov.  L.  A.  Wiltz.     From  1880  to  1908  he  was  a  member 
of  the  board  of  state  engineers,  and  in  the  fall  of  1908,  he  \yas 
elected  chief  engineer  of  the  Orleans  levee  board,  which  position 
lie  now  holds.     In  1877  he  joined  the  state  militia  as  a  private  in 
Battery  C,  La.  field  artillery,  and  rose  to  the  captaincy  of  Battery 
A,  of  the  same  regiment,  and  was  then  transferred  to  the  staff  of 
Gov.  S.  D.  McEnery,  and  served  as  colonel  of  engineers  to  1888. 
He  became  a  member  of  the  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers 
in  1881.    The  first  president  of  the  Louisiana  Engineering  society, 
in  1898.    President  of  the  Alumni  society  of  the  Boys'  high  school, 
for  the  years  1900  and  1901.     Member  of  the  Knights  of  Honor 
since  1881.     New  Orleans  Lodge,  No.  30,  Benevolent  and  Protec- 
tive Order  of  Elks  since  1910 ;  member  of  Camp  Beauregard  Sons 
of  Confederate  Veterans;  member  of  St.  Vincent  DePaul  Society 
of  St.  Louis  Cathedral;  President  of  the  Holy  Name  society  of  the 
St.  Louis  Cathedral;  member  of  the  Young  Men's  Gymnastic  club; 
member  of  carnival  organizations.    In  1880  he  married  Clara  Davis, 
who  died  in  1889,  leaving  4  children,  2  boys  and  2  girls,  as  follows : 
Sidney  Francis  Lewis,  Jr.,   who  married  Alice  Villere,  who  have 
5   children;   Lillian,   professor    at    Sophie   Newcomb   high   school; 
John  Hampden,  U.  S.  assistant  engineer;  Clara  Rose,  married  Al- 
fred F.  Landry.     In  1892  he  married  Evelina  Nicaud,  by  whom  he 
has  5  children'living,  viz. :    Evelyn  Marie,  Edna  Lee,  Mildred  Fran- 
ces, Enid  Frances,  and  Thelma  Frances.     He  has  traveled  exten- 
sively throughout  the  United  States,  visiting  the  principal  cities 
on  the  Atlantic  ocean,  the  interior,  and  those  on  the  Pacific  ocean ; 
through  the  south  of  Canada  from  ocean  to  ocean,  visiting  the  prin- 
cipal cities  in  Canada,  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico. 

L'Hote,  Jules  C,  vice-president  of  the  A.  H.  Page  Co.,  steamship 
agents  of  the  Crescent  City,  is  a  son  of  Jules  and  Zedina  (Bril- 
lault)  L'Hote,  and  was  born  in  New  Orleaens,  in  1884.  He  grew 
to  manhood  in  his  native  city  and  acquired  his  education  in  the 
public  schools.  This  was  supplemented  by  a  course  in  Soule's 
business  college.  Thus  equipped  for  the  business  of  life,  he  started 
in  1899  with  George  W.  Kelley,  the  predecessor  of  Arthur  H.  Page 
Co.,  steamship  agents  and  ship  brokers.  After  8  years  of  close 
application  to  his  duties,  Mr.  L'Hote,  in  Feb.,  1907,  was  elected 
vice-president  of  the  Page  company.    This  is  the  only  large  steam- 


260  LOUISIANA 

ship  firm  in  New  Orleans  which  confines  itself  exclusively  to  full 
cargo  chartering  in  trans-Atlantic  and  West  India  trade.  Socially, 
Mr.  L'Hote  is  a  member  of  the  Boston,  the  Louisiana,  the  Country 
and  the  Gymnastic  clubs.  In  forwarding  the  general  good  of  New 
Orleans,  he  has  identified  himself  with  the  Chamber  of  Commerce 
and  is  an  associate  member  of  the  cotton  exchange.  Mr.  L'Hote 's 
grandfather  was  George  L'Hote.  who  was  born  at  Petit  Crois,  near 
Belfort,  Alsace,  Prance,  in  1812,  and  died  in  New  Orleans,  Dec. 
28,  1868.  He  came  to  Louisiana  when  a  young  man  and  established 
the  first  steam  sash,  door  and  blind  manufactory  in  New  Orleans, 
in  the  year  of  1847  at  Canal  and  Carondelet  streets,  which  con- 
cern continued  in  operation  until  it  was  absorbed  by  the  L'Hote 
Lumber  ilanufacture  Co.  George  L'Hote  married  Octavie  ]\[aillot, 
who  was  born  at  IMontanbon,  Department  of  Doubs,  France,  in 
1825,  and  came  to  Louisiana  at  the  age  of  8  years.  Her  father, 
Pune  Jean  Babtist  Maillot,  was  a  wealthy  planter  in  St.  Domingo 
when  the  negroes  revolted  and  drove  the  white  planters  out.  He 
came  to  Louisiana  with  his  family  and  a  large  number  of  faithful 
slaves,  who  assisted  him  to  make  his  escape  from  the  island,  thus 
saving  the  lives  of  all  his  family.  The  French  government  allowed 
him  an  indemnity,  which  was  paid  until  his  death.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
George  L'Hote  had  6  children:  Augustine  L'Hote,  married  Ger- 
maine  Leroy;  Jules  L'Hote,  married  Zedina  Brillault ;  Emma 
L'Hote,  wife  of  Joseph  Roca;  Louise  L'Hote,  wife  of  Frederick 
Tilber;  George  L'Hote,  married  Amande  Roca,  and  Katherine 
L'Hote,  wife  of  George  W.  Kelley.  Jules  L'Hote,  who  married 
Zedina  Brillault,  left  2  children ;  Edna  R.  and  Jules  C,  both  of 
New  Orleans. 

Livaudais,  Oliver  Stanley,  well-known  New  Orleans  attorney, 
was  born  in  Plaquemines  parish.  La.,  May  7,  1873 ;  son  of  Albert 
Enoul  and  Octavie  (Toca)  Livaudais,  the  former  of  whom  was  a 
native  of  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  where  he  also  died  in  the  year 
1911,  at  the  age  of  67  years.  He  was  a  son  of  Francois  Baltazar 
Livaudais  and  Estelle  (Mortimer)  Livaudais,  both  of  whom  were 
natives  of  Louisiana.  The  paternal  great-grandfather,  and  his  wife, 
Jean  Baltazar  and  Anne  (Miltoner)  Livaudais,  were  natives  of 
Louisiana.  The  paternal  great-great-grandfather,  Francois  Enoul 
Livaudais,  was  a  sou  of  Jacques  Enoul  De  Livaudais,  whose  father 
was  a  native  of  France  and  an  officer  in  the  French  army  in  the 
early  part  of  the  18th  century.  The  Livaudais  family  has  several 
branches  and  many  members  in  Louisiana.  Octavie  (De  Toca) 
Livaiidais,  the  mother  of  Oliver  Stanley  Livaudais,  was  a  daughter 
of  Philip  De  Toca,  who  was  born  in  Spain  and  became  the  first  rep- 
resentative of  the  family  in  America.  Albert  Enoul  Livaudais,  the 
father,  was  educated  in  New  Orleans,  wliere  he  graduated  from  the 
Jesuit  college  and  later  took  up  the  study  of  law.  He  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  before  the  supreme  court  of  Louisiana,  and  thereafter 
practiced  law  in  the  city  of  New  Orleans,  following  which  he  re- 
moved to  Plaquemines  parish,  where  he  was  later  elected  judge  of 
the  district  court,  reelected  ujion  the  expiration  of  his  term,  and 
continued  incumbent  of  that  office  through  16  years.  In  1898  he 
returned  to  New  Orleans  and  resumed  the  practice  of  law  in  that 


BIOGRAPHICAL  261 

city.  In  national  politics,  Mr.  Livaudais  was  affiliated  with  tlie 
Republican  party,  but  in  local  contests  generally  voted  the  Demo- 
cratic ticket  in  cooperation  with  his  friends  toward  selecting  the 
best  available  men -for  the  service  to  be  rendered.  He  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Catholic  church,  a  planter,  and  largely  interested  in 
orange-growing.  There  are  at  this  time  5  living  children  who  were 
born  to  Mr.  Livaudais'  first  marriage,  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
being  one  of  these.  He  was  later  married  to  Miss  Alonzine  Toca, 
and  to  this  marriage  4  children  were  born,  the  mother  of  these 
latter  children  surviving  at  this  time.  Oliver  Stanley  Livaudais 
attended  the  Jesuit  college  at  New  Orleans.  Later  he  entered  the 
law  school  of  Tulane  university,  from  which  he  graduated  with 
the  degree  of  LL.B.  in  the  class  of  1896.  Since  the  latter  year  he 
has  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law,  in  which  profession  it 
wo.uld  seem  that  his  success  has  been  all  that  could  be  desired. 
Mr.  Livaudais  at  this  time  maintains  offices  in  the  city  of  New  Or- 
leans, in  St.  Bernard,  and  in  Plaquemines  parish.  He  is  also  largely 
interested  in  planting  and  orange-growing.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Catholic  church.  In  1896  Mr.  Livaudais  was  married  to  Miss 
Barbara  Castell,  a  daughter  of  the  late  William  J.  Castell  of  New 
Orleans. 

Lockett,  Andrew  Moore,  well-known  and  representative  business 
man,  was  born  in  Marion,  Ala.,  Sept.  4,  1865,  and  son  of  Powhatan 
and  Martha  (Moore)  Lockett.     His  father  was  born  in  Powhatan 
county,  Va.,  about  1832,  removed  to  Marion,  Ala.,  when  about  7 
years' old,  grew  up  there  and  became  a  lawyer.     Upon  the  break- 
ing out  of  the  Civil  war,  he  wanted  to  have  a  part  in  it,  Wut,  being 
lame,  he  could  not  enlist,  so  he  went  to  the  war  as  a  staff  officer, 
paying  his  own  expenses,  and  doing  what   he  could.     He  died  at 
Montgomery,  Ala.,  in  1880,  where  he  had  lived  only  2  years.     Mar- 
tha Moore  was  born  in  Marion,  Ala.,  and  was  a  daughter  of  An- 
drew Barry  Moore,  who  was  governor  of  Alabama  when  that  state 
seceded  from  the  tfnion.     Before  secession  Gov.  Moore  had  seized 
the  munitions  of  war  within  the  borders  of  the  state  and  for  this 
offense,  after  the  war  was  over,  he  was  imprisoned  by  the  Federal 
government  at  Fort  Pulaski,  in  the  same  prison  in  which  Alexander 
H.  Stevens  and  other  prominent  Southerners  were  confined.     In  a 
few  mouths,  however,  he  was  released  from  prison  and  practiced 
law  in  Alabama  until  he  died  in  1873.     S.  H.  Lockett,  an  uncle  of 
Andrew  M.,  graduated  at  West  Point,  and  at  the  beginning  of  the 
war  was  captain  of  engineers  in  the  Federal  army,  which  position 
he  resigned  and  reported  to  Gov.  Moore.     He  was  first  engaged  in 
military  operations  in  the  state  of  Alabama,  but  afterwards  was  an 
engineering  staff  officer  under  General  Beauregard.     As  chief  en- 
gineer  for   Gen.   Pemberton    at   Vicksburg,   he   designed   and    con- 
structed the  fortifications  there.     After  the  war,  this  S.  H.  Lockett 
became  professor  of  engineering  at  the  Louisiana  state  university, 
and  was  recommended  by  Gen.  Sherman  to  the  Khedive  of  Egypt. 
He  served  in  the  Egyptian  army  for  several  years  as  an  engineer- 
ing officer,  after  which  he  returned  to  America  and  was  assistant 
to  Gen.  Stone  in  the  erection  of  the  Bartholdi  statue  in  the  New 
York  harbor.     Subsequently  he  went  to  the  United  States  of  Co- 


262,  LOUISIANA 

lumbia  and  engaged  in  engineering  M'ork  there  until  his  death  in 
Bogota,  abont  1895.  A.  M.  Lockett  lived  in  Marion,  Ala.,  until  he 
was  13  years  old;  attended  private  school,  also  Howard  college, 
and  after  his  father's  death  in  1880,  attended"  the  University  of 
Tennessee  at  Knoxville  for  1  year.  Following  this  he  went  to  Texas 
and  worked  for  a  railroad  company  for  4  years,  after  which  he 
attended  Stevens  institute  at  Hoboken,  N.  J.,  1  year.  In  1887,  he 
entered  the  service  of  Henry  R.  Worthington  Co.,  manufacturers 
of  hydraulic  machinery,  in  New  York  City.  Mr.  Lockett  served  an 
apprenticeship  with  that  company  and  afterwards  engaged  in  en- 
gineering work  for  them  up  to  1893,  when  he  was  transferred  to 
the  commercial  end  of  the  business  and  put  in  charge  of  the  St. 
Louis  oiBce.  In  1898  he  was  made  assistant  sales  manager.  In 
1899  he  came  to  New  Orleans  and  went  into  business  on  his  own 
account  with  some  New  York  people,  under  the  name  of  A.  M. 
Lockett  &  Co.,  which  firm  was  subsequently  incorporated  under 
the  laws  of  Louisiana.  Mr.  Lockett  is  now  president,  and  active  in 
the  business  of  the  company,  which  is  that  of  machinery  merchants 
and  contractors  for  mechanical  installations.  This  concern  has 
grown  from  5  employees  in  1899  to  about  40,  and  now  has  a  branch 
in  Houston,  Tex.  It  is  still  representing  the  Henry  R.  Worthing- 
ton Co.,  also  the  Babeock  &  Wilcox  Co.  of  New  York,  as  well  as 
several  others.  Mr.  Lockett  is  a  member  of  the  American  Society 
of  Mechanical  Engineers  and  of  the  Louisiana  Engineering  society, 
having  been  vice-president  of  the  latter  organization.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Boston,  Chess,  Checkers  and  Whist,  Audubon  Golf, 
and  the  Country  clubs,  the  Auto  league,  the  Association  of  Com- 
merce, the  Hoo  Hoos,  and  the  Jovians  (an  electrical  organization). 
He  is  also  a  member  of  the  New  Orleans  Board  of  Port  Commis- 
sioners, the  Contractors  and  Dealers'  Exchange,  and  the  campaign 
committee  of  the  Good  Government  league.  He  is  president  of  the 
New  Orleans  Well  Drilling  Co.  In  1895,  at  Little  Rock,  Ark.,  Mr. 
Lockett  was  married  to  Miss  Anna,  daughter  of  B.  B.  Waddell,  of 
Memphis,  Tenn.  To  them,  2  children  have  been  born,  1  son,  An- 
drew Moore,  Jr.,  and  1  daughter,  Elizabeth.  Mr.  Lockett  is  one 
of  the  energetic  and  prosperous  business  men  of  his  adopted  city, 
and  is  highly  esteemed  in  both  business  and  social  circles. 

Loisel,  Victor,  planter  and  United  States  marshal,  was  born  in 
Thibodaux,  Lafourche  parish.  La.,  Dec.  28,  1865,  the  son  of  Victor 
and  Eliza  (Chauffe)  Loisel.  His  father  was  born  in  Normand.v, 
France,  and  died  in  St.  James  parish.  La.,  in  1895,  at  the  age  of 
74  years.  He  came  to  this  country  when  abo\it  30  years  of  age, 
and  married  Eliza  Chauffe,  wlio  was  born  of  German  parents  in 
Assumption  parish.  La.  He  served  in  the  French  army  with  gal- 
lantry in  the  African  campaigns.  The  sub.iect  of  this  personal 
sketch  was  reared  in  Lafourche  and  Assumption  parishes  and  edu- 
cated in  private  and  public  schools.  He  then  took  up  field  labor, 
later  becoming  overseer  and  manager  of  plantations.  By  reason  of 
his  success  in  this  field  of  endeavor,  Mr.  Loisel  became  a  planter 
on  his  own  account  in  St.  James  parish,  where  he  now  owns  and 
operates  a  valuable  plantation.  In  1904  he  was  appointed  United 
States  marshal,  a  position  he  has  since  held,  being  twice  (1908  and 


Hon.  CiiAui.ES  Louque 


BIOGRAPHICAL  263 

1912)  reappointed,  which  reappointments  indicate  the  acceptabil- 
ity with  which  he  has  served  in  this  office.  In  politics  Mr.  Loisel 
is  a  Republican,  and  fraternally  a  32nd  degree  Mason.  He  has 
been  twice  married.  His  first  wife,  whom  he  married  in  1885,  bore 
the  maiden  name  of  Emma  Chanffe.  She  died  in  1887,  leaving  1 
son,  Henry  J.  Loisel,  now  deputy  clerk  of  the  United  States  district 
court.  In  1893  Mr.  Loisel  married  a  second  time,  Miss  Alice  Le 
Deoux  becoming  his  wife.  Nine  children  were  born  unto  this  mar- 
riage, three  of  whom  died  in  infancy.  The  6  living  children  are 
Eve,  Sophie,  Noelie,  Marcel,  Le  Deoux  and  Alice  Loisel. 

Looney,  Frank  J.,  a  prominent  lawyer  and  resident  of  Shreve- 
port,  in  which  city  he  was  born  June  4,  1873,  is  a  son  of  Jeremiah 
F.  and  Isabelle  (O'Neill)  Looney.  His  father  was  born  in  Ireland, 
and  came  to  the  United  States  an  orphan  boy.  He  lived  in  Phila- 
delphia for  a  number  of  years  and  then  in  St.  Louis.  From  the 
latter  city  he  came  to  Shreveport,  where  he  engaged  in  the  sad- 
dlery, harness  and  wagon  business.  He  was  a  prosperous  business 
man,  and  highly  esteemed  by  the  people  in  the  community  in  which 
he  lived.  He  passed  away  in  1904,  aged  64  years.  Soon  after  com- 
ing to  Shreveport  'he  married  Isabelle  O'Neill,  who  was  a  native 
of  Alabama.  She  bore  him  3  children  that  grew  to  maturity,  and 
died  when  the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  a  mere  boy.  The  father 
afterwards  married  a  second  time,  and  by  this  marriage  became 
the  father  of  4  children.  Frank  J.  Looney  was  reared  in  Shreve- 
port and  educated  at  Thatcher's  military  institute,  after  which  he 
he  entered  the  law  department  of  Tulane  university,  remaining 
there  for  1  year.  After  this  he  enrolled  at  Washington  and  Lee  uni- 
versity, at  Lexington,  Va.,  from  which  he  graduated  in  law  in  1894, 
and  at  once  began  the  practice  of  his  profession,  in  which  he  has 
achieved  gratifying  success.  Mr.  Looney  has  long  been  active  in 
the  political  affairs  of  his  community,  and  is  a  staunch  advocate 
of  the  principles  of  Democracy.  He  was  a  delegate  to  the  national 
Democratic  convention  in  1908,  and  alternate  delegate  in  1912  at 
Baltimore.  During  the  Spanish-American  war  Mr.  Looney  served 
as  a  captain  of  Company  D,  Hood's  Immunes,  which  reached  Cuba, 
and  after  the  close  of  hostilities,  he  returned  to  the  practice  of  law. 
Mr.  Looney  is  a  Roman  Catholic,  in  church  faith,  and  in  public  af- 
fairs manifests  a  commendable  public  spirit.  In  1903,  ilr.  Looney 
married  Miss  Adeline  Leonard,  of  Shreveport.  Four  children  have 
blessed  this  union,  namely:  Josephine,  Francis,  Frederick  and 
William  E. 

Louque,  Hon.  Charles,  one  of  the  ablest  members  of  the  New  Or- 
leans Bar  and  a  well  and  favorably  known  citizen,  is  a  native  of 
Louisiana.  He  was  born  in  the  parish